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Music at the Dell

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Sigmund Romberg, 29 Jul 1887 - 9 Nov 1951  Search this
Lucky Armstrong, 1850 - 1950?  Search this
Harry Armstrong, 1850 - 1950?  Search this
William Christopher Handy, 16 Nov 1873 - 28 Mar 1958  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II, 12 Jul 1895 - 23 Aug 1960  Search this
Medium:
Ink over pencil with opaque white on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 27.9 × 34 cm (11 × 13 3/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
c. 1945
Topic:
Music\Musical instrument\Piano  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Trumpet  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Conductor's baton  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Male  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Literature\Writer\Librettist  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Songwriter  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Performing Arts\Producer\Theater  Search this
Oscar Hammerstein II: Pulitzer Prize  Search this
Lucky Armstrong: Male  Search this
Harry Armstrong: Male  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Male  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Rhythm and Blues  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Bandmaster  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Horn\Trumpet  Search this
William Christopher Handy: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Blues  Search this
Sigmund Romberg: Male  Search this
Sigmund Romberg: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Alfred Bendiner Foundation
Object number:
NPG.84.62
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Alfred and Elizabeth Bendiner Foundation
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42fd0370d-d487-43ac-a7a3-cbb9f1795bf1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.84.62

[Parade along Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C.] [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 61
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Pennsylvania Avenue (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Scope and Contents:
Men in military uniforms precede a marching band.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Parades -- 1940-1950  Search this
Bands (Music) -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a2c5951c-1464-4c0e-a867-3d2f1c2d0e6c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref1926
Online Media:

[Military band] [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Eastman Kodak Company (film manufacturer)  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 8" x 10".)
Container:
Box 63
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
No ink on negative. Group portrait of a military band with Christmas tree in the background. Red coloring added to some musicians' faces to decrease contrast in final print. "KODAK - SAFETY - FILM 61" edge imprint. No Scurlock number.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Christmas trees  Search this
Christmas  Search this
Portraits, Group -- African Americans  Search this
Military uniforms  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep800a916f6-db9e-4a8e-8c9a-b41d74e8beb4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref2076
Online Media:

International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection

Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Woods, Helen Jones, 1923-2020  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (4 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Newspaper clippings
Photographs
Publicity photographs
Date:
1933-2010
bulk 1939-1946
Summary:
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection focuses on the all-female, racially and ethnically diverse big band group that started in 1937 and disbanded in 1949. The collection contains news clippings, photographs, correspondence, ephemera from USO travels, and newsletters. Also included are books related to the group, as well as a tribute CD and a 33 rpm vinyl sound recording.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists mostly of photographs and news clippings documenting the International Sweethearts Band of Rhythm's performances, rehearsals, and travels. It also includes tribute materials to the band, including books and audio CDs.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Piney Woods School, 1937-1944

Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials, 1933-2005

Series 3: Dixie Hardy Moon Materials, 1935-1951
Biographical / Historical:
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm were a racially and ethnically mixed swing band, all of whose members were women. They were organized in 1937 by Laurence Clifton Jones, who started the Piney Woods School near Jackson, Mississippi. He formed the band from students at Piney Woods and the band toured to raise money for the school, performing at fairs, dance halls, churches, and theaters. In 1939, the band began to tour outside of Mississippi and traveled across the American South and Midwest. In 1941 they separated from Piney Woods, started out on their own as professional musicians and relocated to Arlington, Virginia. While in Arlington, the band recruited professional musicians to replace the underage students who stayed in school. The band's venues included the Apollo Theatre and Savoy Ballroom in New York and the Howard Theatre in Washington DC They performed frequently at military bases and were quite popular during World War II. In response to requests from GIs serving overseas, the Sweethearts undertook a six month tour of Europe starting in July 1945. The tour was supported by the United Service Organization (USO) Camp Shows. The band played in Paris, France and throughout Germany, including the cities of Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Munich, and Mannheim. The group disbanded in 1949, but reunited for a reunion in 1980 at the Third Annual Women's Jazz Festival in Kansas City.

Rosalin Cron was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1925 and began playing music at nine years old. She joined the band in 1943 and primarly played the alto saxophone, but was also trained to play the clarinet and flute. Cron was a part of the overseas tour. She was with the band until 1946. Dixie Hardy Moon is the niece of founder Laurence Clifton Jones. Catherine (Cathy) Hughes, was born in 1947 in Omaha, Nebraska. She is the granddaughter of founder Laurence Clifton Jones and her mother, Helen Jones Woods (1923-2020), played the trombone with the Sweethearts. Hughes is considered a media pioneer and founder of Radio One/TV One.
Provenance:
Collection donated to the Archives Center in 2011 by Rosalind Cron.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bands (Music) -- 1940-1950  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Female (Musical group)  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Women musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books -- 20th century
Newspaper clippings
Photographs -- 20th century
Publicity photographs
Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1218
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85c88d041-4d07-4b7f-9c60-c4253dfad1a6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1218
Online Media:

Evelyn / Kassel, Germany [member of the "Sweethearts", Nov. 23, 1945. Black and white photoprint]

Collector:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
Photographer:
Reed, John E.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 10" x 8".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Glamour portrait, autographed "To 'Roz' / I shall never forget / you and your fine / sax playing with the / "Sweethearts" -- also our / tour in Europe, remember? Vocally, / Evelyn, / Kassel, Germany / Nov. 23 - 45". John E. Reed, Hollywood, photographer.
Arrangement:
Series #2: Rosalind "Roz" Cron, Box No. 1, folder no. ?
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000063.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Glamour photography -- 1920-1970  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Individual players' photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8917d7e29-2ca1-4f65-8023-0f95bc5e1e70
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref596

[Members of the "Sweethearts" in performance] [black-and-white photoprint]

Collector:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 8" x 10".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
California -- 1940-1950
Scope and Contents:
Three saxophone playiers in bottom row, three trombonists in top row. Rosalind "Roz" Cron sitting in the bottom row on the left. On verso: "This is really a shot of our old trombone section made in the Club Plantation, Culver City, CA, in May, 1944. The band was really jumping at the time. We three saxes are not supposed to be seen -- so overlook us. Since then, we have added a white girl to the Bone section -- which makes it a section of 4." / "Supposed to be short of 3 trombones".
Arrangement:
Series #2: Rosalind "Roz" Cron, Box No.1, folder no. ?
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000064.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American musicians  Search this
Trombone  Search this
Saxophone  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Performance photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b138244f-fac2-480f-8a9d-56f8ab5b6aa1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref597

[Two advertisements for Piney Woods school and one advertisement for International Sweethearts of Rhythm] [3 clippings mounted on album page.]

Advertiser:
Piney Woods School  Search this
Publisher:
Afro-American (Baltimore, Md. : newspaper)  Search this
Chicago Defender (newspaper)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 11" x 9-1/4".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Clippings
Advertisements
Scope and Contents:
Two advertisements concerning Piney Woods School published in the "Chicago Defender" on April 20, 1940, and one advertisement for the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, published in the "Afro-American" on July 22, 1940.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000077.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Schools  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Advertisements -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Loose pages from scrapbook
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8727f6c34-1dbe-4cd1-be85-c493185be833
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref610

"Sweethearts" in the saxophone section, 1944. [Black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Bloom (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Names:
Bayron, Grace  Search this
Burnside, Vi  Search this
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
Lee (Wong), Willie Mae  Search this
Saire, Helen  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 10-1/4"(?) x 8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Top: Helen Saire, Rosilind "Roz" Cron, Vi Burnside. Bottom: Grace Bayron, Willie Mae Wong. "Bloom / Chicago" signature in lower left (in negative?).
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000081.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Saxophone  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Promotional group photos
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep86ad0968f-9a78-4f5e-a116-1a705875e6e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref614

["Sweethearts" ready to depart for Europe on Liberty ship] [black-and-white photoprint

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 5" x 8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
[July 1945.]
Scope and Contents:
July, 1945.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000082.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Ocean travel  Search this
Ships  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 1: Piney Woods School / Newspaper clippings
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b270c25c-a579-4b67-a84d-1e465b97f1a2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref615

Lead vocalist Anna Mae Winburn and musical Director Maurice King led the Sweethearts on their USO tour. [black-and-white photoprint]

Names:
King, Maurice  Search this
Winburn, Anna Mae  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 4-3/4" x 6-7/8".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Undated photo. Photographer unidentified.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000083.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
African American soldiers -- 1940-2000.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 3: Dixie Hardy Moon Materials / Collection of photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep83e1b6bf2-a2d2-4755-bdd1-38023477d895
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref616

[Rosalind (Roz) Cron, "Sweethearts" member (standing)]. [black-and-white photoprint]

Collector:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Al (Seattle, Wash)  Search this
Names:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 8" x 10-1/8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Subject is playing the saxophone with the band. "This was taken in Seattle in the Black and Tan Club on Sept. 24, 1944. I was playing one of my solos, "Misery" at the time. The next day I had my hair cut. I hope you like it -- Roz". Photgraphed by Al Smith, Seattle, Wash.
Arrangement:
Series #2: Rosalind "Roz" Cron Box: Flat box.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000058.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Saxophone  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Performance photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c1c8973b-8ea8-4e72-9f45-5f41e51b58e9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref625

[The International Sweethearts of Rhythm in performance. Black-and-white photoprint]

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 8" x 10".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Undated.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000085.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Performance photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ce70024e-871f-4db2-ad3c-b1800f508295
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref629

["Sweethearts" practice session: saxophone section. Black-and-white photoprint.]

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 4-5/8" x 7".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Undated.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000086.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Saxophone  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 3: Dixie Hardy Moon Materials / Collection of photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep853ffbb63-aa47-4748-9ccc-1deedfb639e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref630

["Sweethearts" rehearsing in Germany, 1945. Black-and-white photoprint.]

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 4-5/8" x 7".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Germany
Scope and Contents:
Brass section. 1945.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000087.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Brass instruments  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Performance photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f13e2c1c-cdbf-4b8a-85e1-7843c59fc8bc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref631

[Group picture of five "Sweethearts". Black-and-white photoprint.]

Photographer:
Smith, M., New York, N.Y.  Search this
Names:
Carter, Ray  Search this
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
Lee (Wong), Willie Mae  Search this
Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 5" x 7".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Undated photo. Ray Carter, top left; Rosalind "Roz" Cron, bottom left; Willie Mae Wong, bottom middle. Photo by M. Smith, 243-251 W. 125th Street, MO. 2-3168, New York, N.Y. All are in uniform.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000088.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Military uniforms -- 1940-1950  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 3: Dixie Hardy Moon Materials / Collection of photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a7641dff-1abf-41e7-8e94-cc60488aa439
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref632

["Sweethearts" on tour.] [Black-and-white photoprint]

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 4-5/8" x 3-1/4".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Two women in uniform in foreground. Undated photograph, photographer unidentified.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000090.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Military uniforms -- 1940-1950  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Photographs from overseas travels to the United States troops
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep859b75334-4902-47f7-87cd-232f4c4fde9c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref634

["Sweethearts" on tour.] [Black-and-white photoprint]

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 3-1/4" x 4-5/8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Two women in uniform near truck. Undated photograph; photographer unidentified.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000091.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Military uniforms -- 1940-1950  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Trucks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Photographs from overseas travels to the United States troops
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8072f52f7-4326-4c0b-9ed2-9dad80ee6749
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref635

["Sweethearts" on tour. Black-and-white photoprint.]

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 4" x 2-3/4".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Woman seated beside an African American soldier, possibly in Italy. Undated photograph with deckled edge.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000095.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Soldiers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Military uniforms  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Photographs from overseas travels to the United States troops
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8aae08f3e-dcfd-46de-b5d7-3ac11136c73c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref639

["Sweethearts" on tour. Black-and-white photoprint.]

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 2-3/4" x 4".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
African American soldier in uniform with two women. Unidentified photographer, undated photograph.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000097.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Soldiers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Military uniforms  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Photographs from overseas travels to the United States troops
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8625ace74-2b8b-43a3-8390-6ca79de5255b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref641

["Sweethearts" on tour. Black-and-white photoprint.]

Collection Creator:
Cron, Rosalind  Search this
International Sweethearts of Rhythm  Search this
Piney Woods School  Search this
Moon, Dixie Hardy  Search this
Hughes, Cathy  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 3-3/8" x 2-1/4".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Deckled edge
Scope and Contents:
Three African American women in uniform. Undated, photographer unidentified. Deckled-edge print.
Local Numbers:
AC1218-0000101.tif (AC Scan No.)
Exhibitions Note:
Displayed in Archives Center exhibition, "Women and Jazz: The International Sweethearts of Rhythm, 1937-1949", from March 25, 2011 through May 31, 2011. Craig Orr, curator.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Military uniforms  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Photographs -- 1930-1950
Deckled edge
Collection Citation:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection
International Sweethearts of Rhythm Collection / Series 2: Rosalind Cron Materials / Photographs from overseas travels to the United States troops
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep84b4b9848-d1ce-41a9-afa1-93374784027c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1218-ref645

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