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Herman Leonard Photographic Collection

Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Musical History  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Brown, Clifford  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Haig, Al, 1924-1982  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Marsalis, Wynton, 1961-  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar, 1922-1960  Search this
Roach, Max, 1924-2007  Search this
Russell, Curly  Search this
Sims, Zoot  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1948-1993
Summary:
Jazz club photographs by noted Jazz photographer Herman Leonard.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 110 black-and-white photographic prints depicting musicians performing at various American and European jazz clubs between 1948 and 1991. The collection contains mounted and unmounted 11" x 14" and 16" x 20" prints made by Leonard. Artists represented among these photographs are Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, and Thelonious Monk. The photographs are organized into three series: Series 1: 11"x 14" prints, Series 2: 16" x 20" prints, and Series 3: Addenda. The series are arranged alphabetically by performer's last name. Unmatted 16" x 20" prints can be found in box 2 but are listed alphabetically by performer.
Biographical / Historical:
Herman Leonard (1923‑2010) was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and served as a military photographer in Burma during World War II. He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in photography from Ohio University and began working with Yousuf Karsh, a Canadian portraitist. Settling in New York in 1949, Leonard began photographing jazz musicians at various jazz clubs on Broadway and Fifty‑Second Streets, and in Harlem for such publications as Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Life, Look, Playboy, and Time. He later to Paris to begin a fashion and advertising business. He also continued photographing jazz musicians. In 1988 Leonard presented his first exhibition, "Images of Jazz," in London. This show established his reputation as a leading photographer of jazz and sparked further shows and publications.
Provenance:
The Herman Leonard Photographs were donated to the National Museum of American History by Mr. Leonard on December 17, 1991 and in 2006.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0445
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e44f9017-2701-439c-ac51-9916f1092b09
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0445
Online Media:

Baker, Chet; Leonard's Studio Rooftop, New York City, 1949

Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection / Series 1: 11" x 14" Prints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a48d1021-4eca-4982-86eb-85319ba7d8ed
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref16

Baker, Chet; New York City, 1956

Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection / Series 2: 16" x 20" Prints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d451d818-01ee-4df9-a0eb-5ad539ae4736
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref57

Chet Baker Sings and Plays Billie Holiday

Performer:
Baker, Chet  Search this
Collection Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Extent:
1 Phonograph record (analog, 33 1/3 rpm, 12 in.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Contents:
Travelin' light.--Easy living.--That old devil moon.--You're my thrill.--Crazy she calls me.--When your lover has gone.--Mean to me.--These foolish things.--There's no greater love.--Don't explain.
Local Numbers:
FW-ASCH-LP-2900

Trip.5569
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
Trip
General:
Chet Baker, flugelhorn; Alan Ross, Henry Freeman, Seldon Powell, Leon Cohen, Wilford Holcombe, reeds; Everett Barksdale, guitar; Hank Jones, piano; Richard Davis, bass; Connie Kay, drums; Jimmy Mundy, arranger.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. No duplication allowed listening and viewing for research purposes only.
Collection Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for additional information.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Collection Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH, Item FW-ASCH-LP-2900
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Moses and Frances Asch Collection / Series 9: Audio Recordings / LP
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5b479dd29-d6c2-4253-8155-515c366e4370
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-asch-ref17492

BAKER, CHET

Collection Creator:
Holman, Bill, 1927-  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Herman, Woody, 1913-1987  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the reproduction rights to the music of the Bill Holman Collection. All requests for performance or publication of Mr. Holman's compositions and/or arrangements should be directed to Bill Holman at 323-466-8809.
Collection Citation:
Bill Holman Collection, 1951-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Bill Holman Collection
Bill Holman Collection / Series 1: Music Manuscripts
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e7a8b4df-2126-4cd0-9499-c73a7366ce90
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0733-ref28

1956 As They Reveled

Collection Creator:
Holman, Bill, 1927-  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Herman, Woody, 1913-1987  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the reproduction rights to the music of the Bill Holman Collection. All requests for performance or publication of Mr. Holman's compositions and/or arrangements should be directed to Bill Holman at 323-466-8809.
Collection Citation:
Bill Holman Collection, 1951-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Bill Holman Collection
Bill Holman Collection / Series 1: Music Manuscripts / BAKER, CHET
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8de7ee585-15b1-48d1-aa5f-c691dfcc6505
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0733-ref29

William Claxton Photographs

Creator:
Claxton, William  Search this
Names:
George Williams Brass Band.  Search this
Stan Kenton Band.  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Baker, Halima  Search this
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Charles, Roosevelt  Search this
Coleman, Ornette  Search this
Coltrane, John, 1926-1967  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Evans, Bill, 1929-1980  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Jones, Elvin  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Rollins, Sonny  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Williams, Cootie, 1911-1985  Search this
Williams, Joe, 1918-  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (28 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1951-1970
Summary:
Photographic prints taken by photographer William Claxton (October 12, 1927-October 11, 2008) of jazz musicians.
Scope and Contents:
Collection consists of twenty-eight photographic prints processed in 1999 by a professional laboratory for photographer William Claxton. The prints document jazz artists in recording sessions and performing throughout the United States. It is divided into two series: Series 1, Duke Ellington, 1955-1960, and Series 2, Other Artists, 1955-1970.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Duke Ellington, 1955-1960

Series 2: Other Artists, 1951-1970
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Duke Ellington Collection, NMAH.AC.0301

William H. Quealy Collection of Duke Ellington Recordings, NMAH.AC.0296

Duke Ellington Oral History Project, NMAH.AC.0368

Billy Strayhorn Ephemera Collection, NMAH.AC.0383

Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera and Related Audio-visual Materials, NMAH.AC.0386

Robert Udkoff Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera, NMAH.AC.0388

Frank Driggs Collection of Duke Ellington Photographic Reference Prints, NMAH.AC.0389

New York Chapter of the Duke Ellington Society Collection, NMAH.AC.O390

Felix Grant Collection, NMAH.AC.0410

Carter Harman Collection of Interviews with Duke Ellington, NMAH.AC.0422

Archives Center Collection of Music Transcriptions of Duke Ellington Compositions, Carter Harman NMAH.AC.0430

Jazz Oral History Collection about Duke Ellington, NMAH.AC.0431

Herman Leonard Photoprints, NMAH.AC.0445

Don Brown Collection of Duke Ellington Recordings, NMAH.AC.0472

Betty McGettigan Collection of Duke Ellington Memorabilia, NMAH.AC.0494

Dr. Theodore Shell Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera, NMAH.AC.0502

Jay McCarter Phonograph Record Collection, NMAH.AC.0541

Tom Whaley Collection, NMAH.AC.0652

Edward and Gaye Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials, NMAH.AC.0704

Andrew Homzy Collection of Duke Ellington Stock Arrangements, NMAH.AC.0740

John Gensel Collection of Duke Ellington Materials, NMAH.AC.0763

W. Royal Stokes Collection of Music Publicity Photoprints, Interviews and Posters, NMAH.AC.0766 Milt Gabler Papers, NMAH.AC.0849

Paquito D'Rivera Music Manuscripts and Photograph, NMAH.AC.0891

Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, NMAH.AC.0979

Floyd Levin Jazz Reference Collection, NMAH.AC.1222

Al Celley Collection of Duke Ellington Materials, NMAH.AC.1240

James Moody Papers, NMAH.AC.1405
Provenance:
The National Museum of American History purchased the collection on March 31, 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Musicians -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Music -- West coast -- 1950-1960  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
William Claxton Photographs, 1951-1971, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0695
See more items in:
William Claxton Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f806c04e-a0d9-46c4-8765-417e8e2084e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0695
Online Media:

Deep in a dream : the long night of Chet Baker / James Gavin

Author:
Gavin, James 1964-  Search this
Subject:
Baker, Chet  Search this
Physical description:
430 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2002
Topic:
Jazz musicians  Search this
Call number:
CT257.B18 G38 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_679322

As though I had wings : the lost memoir / Chet Baker ; introduction by Carol Baker

Author:
Baker, Chet  Search this
Subject:
Baker, Chet  Search this
Physical description:
118 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1997
Topic:
Jazz musicians  Search this
Call number:
CT275.B18 A1 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_563289

Young Chet : the young Chet Baker / photographed by William Claxton ; with a preface by Christian Caujolle

Author:
Claxton, William  Search this
Subject:
Baker, Chet  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Physical description:
110 p. : chiefly ports. ; 18 cm
Type:
Biography
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Jazz musicians  Search this
Call number:
CT275.B18 C53 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_591155

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