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Leo H. Baekeland Papers

Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Names:
Bakelite Corporation  Search this
Nepera Chemical Co.  Search this
Extent:
15 Cubic feet (49 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Professional papers
Clippings
Laboratory notes
Personal correspondence
Photographs
Notebooks
Diaries
Date:
1976
1863 - 1968
Summary:
The papers document Leo H. Baekeland, a Belgian born chemist who invented Velox photographic paper (1893) and Bakelite (1907), an inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile plastic. The papers include student notebooks; private laboratory notebooks and journals; commercial laboratory notes; diaries; patents; technical papers; biographies; newspaper clippings; maps; graphs; blueprints; account books; batch books; formula books; order books; photographs; and correspondence regarding Baekeland, 1887-1943.
Scope and Contents:
Baekeland documented his life prolifically through diaries, laboratory notebooks, photographs, and correspondence. These constitute the bulk of the collection. The Bakelite company history is also incompletely documented in this collection through Baekeland's correspondence, the commercial laboratory notebooks, and some company ledgers.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Reference Materials, 1863-1868 and undated

Subseries 1.1: Biographical, 1880-1965

Subseries 1.2:Company History, 1910-1961

Subseries 1.3: Related Interests, 1863-1968 and undated

Series 2: Published and Unpublished Writings (by Leo H. Baekeland), 1884-1945

Series 3: Correspondence, 1888-1963 Subseries 3.1: Personal Correspondence, 1916-1943

Subseries 3.2: Charitable Donations, 1916-1938

Subseries 3.3: Family Correspondence, 1888-1963

Subseries 3.4: Clubs and Associations, 1916-1943

Series 4: Diaries, 1907-1943

Series 5: Reading and Lecture Notes, 1878-1886

Series 6, Laboratory Notebooks, 1893-1915

Series 7: Commercial Laboratory Notebooks, 1910-1920

Series 8: Bakelite Company, 1887-1945

Series 9, Patents, 1894-1940

Series 10: Bakelite Corporation Ledgers, 1910-1924; 1935; 1939

Series 11: Photographs, 1889-1950 and undated

Subseries 11.1: Photographs, 1889-1950 and undated

Subseries 11.2: Film Negatives, 1900-1941 and undated

Subseries 11.3: Photoprints, 1894-1941

Subseries 11.4: Stereographs, 1888-1902 and undated

Subseries 11.5: Film and Glass Plate Negatives, 1899-1900 and undated

Series 12: Audio Materials, 1976
Biographical / Historical:
Leo Hendrik Baekeland was an industrial chemist famous for his invention of Bakelite, the first moldable synthetic polymer, and for his invention of Velox photographic paper. Baekeland's career as an inventor and innovator was punctuated by an urge to improve existing technologies and a willingness to experiment both meticulously and daringly. Born in Ghent, Belgium in 1863, Baekeland was a distinguished chemistry student and became a young professor at the University of Ghent. He had a long standing interest in photography and sought to further photographic technology with his expertise in chemistry. In 1887 he obtained his first patent for a dry plate which contained its own developer and could be developed in a tray of water. With the support of a business partner/faculty associate, Jules Guequier, he formed a company named Baekeland et Cie to produce the plate, but the venture failed due to lack of capital.

On August 8, 1889, he married Celine Swarts, daughter of his academic mentor Theodore Swarts, Dean of the Faculty of Sciences at the University of Ghent. After his wedding he travelled to different countries using a traveling scholarship he had been awarded two years previously. His travels ended in the United States where he was offered a job researching chemical problems associated with manufacturing bromide papers and films with A. and H.T. Anthony and Company, a photographic supply producer. Leo and Celine Baekeland had three children: George, Nina and Jenny (1890-1895).

He left Anthony and Company in 1891 to be a consulting chemist. During that time he invented a photographic print paper using silver chloride which could be developed in artificial light instead of sunlight and thus offered more flexibility and consistency to photographers. In 1893, with financial support from Leonard Jacobi, a scrap metal dealer from San Francisco, he formed the Nepera Chemical Company in Yonkers, New York, to manufacture "gaslight" paper under the trade name Velox. The paper became quite popular and the company expanded its operations after its first three years. Finally, George Eastman bought the company for a reported $750,000 which afforded Baekeland the time to conduct his own research in a laboratory he set up on his estate, "Snug Rock," in Yonkers.

Baekeland worked on problems of electrolysis of salt and the production of synthetic resins. He was hired as a consultant to work with Clinton P. Townsend to perfect Townsend's patented electrolytic cell. Baekeland's work there contributed to the success of the Hooke Electrochemical Company which began in operations in Niagara Falls in 1905.

Simultaneously, in 1902 Baekeland began researching reactions of phenol and formaldehyde, and by 1907 was able to control the reactions and produce a moldable plastic (oxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride) which he named Bakelite. Although the process was not perfected for another couple of years, Baekeland applied for a patent for Bakelite right away. He announced his discovery to the scientific community in 1909, and in 1910 formed the General Bakelite Company. Bakelite was a thermosetting resin that, unlike Celluloid became permanently solid when heated. It was virtually impervious to heat, acids, or caustic substances. It could be molded into a wide variety of shapes and was an excellent electric insulator that came to replace hard rubber and amber for electrical and industrial applications. It was also suitable for a wide variety of consumer products such as billiard balls, jewelry, pot handles, telephones, toasters, electric plugs, and airplane instrument knobs. Two companies challenged Bakelite with significant competition, Condensite Corporation of America and Redmanol Chemical Products Company. Bakelite finally merged with these two companies in 1922 to become the Bakelite Corporation. Union Carbide finally bought the corporation in 1939.

Baekeland sustained his interest in photography by taking numerous photographs throughout his lifetime. He also devoted much of his spare time to professional societies and received various honorary degrees and awards such as the Perkin Medal. He had several hobbies such as boating, wine and beer making, and, exotic plants. He also traveled extensively throughout the world, which is documented in his diaries and photographs.

Baekeland spent his final years mostly in his Coconut Grove, Florida home where he became increasingly eccentric until his mind failed him and he was institutionalized. He died in 1943 at the age of eighty.

Scope and Content: Baekeland documented his life prolifically through diaries, laboratory notebooks, photographs, and correspondence. These constitute the bulk of the collection. The Bakelite company history is also incompletely documented in this collection through Baekeland's correspondence, the commercial laboratory notebooks, and some company ledgers.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Albany Billiard Ball Company Records (AC0011)

Celluloid Corporation Records (AC0009)

J. Harry DuBois Collection on the History of Plastics (AC0008)

Materials at Other Organizations

The Hagley Museum and Library, Manuscripts and Archives Department in Delaware also several related collections including: the Directors of Industrial Research Records, 1929 -982; the Du Pont Viscoloid Company, Survey of the Plastics Field, 1932; The Society of the Plastics Industry, 1937-1987; the Roy J. Plunkett Collection, 1910-1994 (inventor of Teflon); and the Gordon M. Kline Collection, 1903.
Separated Materials:
The National Museum of American History, Division Medicine and Science has several artifacts associated with Baekeland including the original "Bakalizer" the apparatus in which Bakelite was first made. See accession numbers: 1977.0368; 1979.1179; 1981.0976; 1982.0034; 1983.0524; 1984.0138.
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection was donated to the National Museum of American History's Division of Physical Sciences in November, 1981, by Celine Karraker, Leo H. Baekeland's granddaughter.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Phenolic resins  Search this
Travel -- Photographs  Search this
Chemists -- 1880-1970  Search this
Inventors -- 1880-1970  Search this
Plastics -- 1880-1970  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Professional papers -- 1880-1970
Clippings -- 1880-1970
Laboratory notes
Personal correspondence -- 1880-1970
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 19th-20th century
Notebooks -- 1880-1970
Diaries -- 1880-1970
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Nitrate -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0005
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep846e88df6-033d-4805-99e2-b308002a75f4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0005
Online Media:

Rolmonica Player Harmonica

Maker:
Rolmonica Music Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
bakelite (overall material)
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
harmonica: 2 5/8 in x 5 in x 3 7/8 in; 6.6675 cm x 12.7 cm x 9.8425 cm
roll: 3 5/16 in x 15/16 in; 8.41375 cm x 2.38125 cm
Object Name:
harmonica
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
after 1925
Credit Line:
The Peter Kassan Collection
ID Number:
1988.0783.556
Accession number:
1988.0783
Catalog number:
1988.0783.556
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Harmonicas
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-546c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1306622
Online Media:

Rolmonica Player Harmonica

Maker:
Rolmonica Music Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
bakelite (overall material)
wood (overall material)
paper (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 4 3/4 in x 2 7/8 in; 8.89 cm x 12.065 cm x 7.3025 cm
overall: 2 5/8 in x 5 1/4 in x 4 in; 6.6675 cm x 13.335 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
harmonica
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
after 1925
Credit Line:
The Peter Kassan Collection
ID Number:
1988.0783.557
Accession number:
1988.0783
Catalog number:
1988.0783.557
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Harmonicas
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-dafa-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1306623
Online Media:

Bakelite stamp box

Medium:
bakelite; metal; paper
Dimensions:
Height x Width x Depth: 1 1/2 x 4 3/4 x 3 3/8 in. (3.81 x 12.07 x 8.57 cm)
Type:
Commercial Products
Place of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1958-1963
Object number:
2012.2007.19
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm87e257c85-0768-44b0-ba73-37bff63860c8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2007.19
Online Media:

Massachusett's Benefit Life Association stamp box

Medium:
bakelite / paper; ink
Dimensions:
Height x Width x Depth: 3/8 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2 in. (0.95 x 3.81 x 3.81 cm)
Type:
Commercial Products
Date:
1895
Object number:
2012.2007.7
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm89b5b668f-1120-4c7a-b6fb-05fc40d8a480
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_2012.2007.7
Online Media:

Goggles

Physical Description:
bakelite (overall material)
glass (overall material)
elastic (overall material)
cardboard (overall material)
black (overall color)
green (overall color)
gold (overall color)
Measurements:
overall: 4 cm x 13.8 cm x 5.2 cm; 1 9/16 in x 5 7/16 in x 2 1/16 in
box: 1 3/4 in x 4 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in; 4.445 cm x 11.43 cm x 6.35 cm
goggles: 1 5/8 in x 9 1/8 in x 2 1/8 in; 4.1275 cm x 23.1775 cm x 5.3975 cm
Object Name:
Goggles
goggles, set
Other Terms:
Goggles; Eye Protective Device; Vision Aids; Safety Goggles
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
ID Number:
MG.314637.12176
Accession number:
314637
Catalog number:
314637.12176
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-a926-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1118464
Online Media:

Vaginal Specula (3)

Physical Description:
plastic, bakelite(?) (overall material)
black (overall color)
Measurements:
average spatial: 15.7 cm x 6 cm; 6 3/16 in x 2 3/8 in
Object Name:
Specula, Set of
specula
specula, vaginal
Credit Line:
Gift of The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland
ID Number:
MG.302606.714
Accession number:
302606
Catalog number:
302606.714
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-a877-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1131928

Electrode Set

Physical Description:
metal, steel (overall material)
sponge (overall material)
plastic, bakelite (overall material)
metal, brass (overall material)
Measurements:
overall -largest: 1/4 in x 11 in; x .635 cm x 27.94 cm
overall -smallest: 3/4 in x 1 in x 1/4 in; 1.905 cm x 2.54 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
Electrode Set
electrodes
electrotherapy devices
Credit Line:
Gift of The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland
ID Number:
MG.302606.462
Accession number:
302606
Catalog number:
302606.462
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-b410-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1135830

Galton’s Instrument for the Estimation of Angles

Used at:
Cornell University  Search this
Maker:
Cambridge & Paul Instrument Co., Ltd.  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
bakelite (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: .03 cm x 20.4 cm; in x 8 1/16 in
Object Name:
Disc, Estimating
estimating disc
Other Terms:
Disc, Estimating; Diagnostic Medicine
Place made:
United Kingdom: England, Cambridge
Credit Line:
Cornell University Department of Psychology
ID Number:
MG.300427.165
Catalog number:
300427.165
Accession number:
300427
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-6198-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_734054

Indicator, Airspeed

Manufacturer:
United Instruments, Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Bakelite (plastic), glass, aluminum alloy
Dimensions:
3-D: 8.3 × 12.7 × 8.9cm (3 1/4 × 5 × 3 1/2 in.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Flight Management
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises.
Inventory Number:
A20000921000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9fdd37549-e043-417d-ac68-129ee3290bb8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20000921000
Online Media:

Transmitter, Remote Indicating Magnetic Compass, Cutaway

Materials:
copper alloy, paint, adhesive, cork, plastic coated electrical wires, plastic - bakelite, zinc plated copper, felt
Dimensions:
3-D: 14.6 × 13cm, 0.6kg (5 3/4 × 5 1/8 in., 1 3/8lb.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Navigational
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Found in collection. Donor unknown at this time. Found on NASM premises.
Inventory Number:
A20010540000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9f04dfef1-0fcf-47d7-9d88-010f960e86b8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20010540000
Online Media:

Line of Position Computer, MK 1, Fairchild-Maxson

Manufacturer:
Fairchild Aerial Camera Corp.  Search this
Materials:
aluminum, Bakelite, brass, copper, steel
Dimensions:
3-D: 29.5 × 21 × 15.8cm, 9kg (11 5/8 × 8 1/4 × 6 1/4 in., 19 13/16lb.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Computers, General Purpose
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the United States Navy, Naval Supply Center
Inventory Number:
A19650130000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv96188e484-0be5-4138-af2c-e2b35fe1b8a9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19650130000
Online Media:

Art deco Bakelite jewelry & boxes Cubism for everyone Peter and Deborah Keresztury and Nancy Schiffer

Title:
Cubism for everyone
Author:
Keresztury, Peter  Search this
Author:
Keresztury, Deborah  Search this
Schiffer, Nancy  Search this
Physical description:
159 pages color illustrations 23 x 29 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Catalogues
Date:
2001
Topic:
Plastic jewelry--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Plastic boxes--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Decoration and ornament--Cubism  Search this
Bijoux en plastique--Collectionneurs et collections  Search this
Sieraden  Search this
Dozen  Search this
Bakeliet  Search this
Particuliere verzamelingen  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1154947

Materials, Plastic, Bakelite [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.Y, File Y1-620010-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Miscellaneous
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Miscellaneous / Series Y1: Miscellaneous, Engineering / Materials
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg267b90049-4d7a-427a-ba58-b8fab92d685c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-y-ref501

Episode 138

Collection Producer:
Lodge, Arthur  Search this
Arthur Lodge Productions.  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Association of Manufacturers  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0507-OF0138
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1953 June 4
Scope and Contents:
Printing Without Type! Electronic type and graphics equipment; photon typesetter machine. Graphic Arts Research Foundation, Cambridge, MA.

Pageant of Plastics! Plastic industry; jewelry. Bakelite Co., Bound Brook, NJ.

Prospecting With a Vacuum Cleaner! Recycling waste gold and making fountain pens. Schaeffer Pen Co., Fort Madison, IA.

Truckers Retreat! Retreat for truck drivers; transportation. Mason and Dixon Trucking Co., New Market, VA.

Reference video, Box 6
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the films are stored off-site. Special arrangements must be made directly with the Archives Center staff to view episodes for which no reference copy exists. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees will be charged for reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Industry on Parade Film Collection, 1950-1959, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Industry on Parade Film Collection
Industry on Parade Film Collection / Series 1: Motion Picture Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81261fc64-0aa8-4344-a070-74fdd28a95db
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0507-ref275

Episode 435

Collection Producer:
Lodge, Arthur  Search this
Arthur Lodge Productions.  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Association of Manufacturers  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0507-OF0435
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1959 February 14
Scope and Contents:
Man-made Miracles Synthesis, or re-arranging atoms in a molecule, creates new substances. Transforming coal to synthetic plasma. Synthetic cortisone. Synthetic rubber frees nation of dependence on overseas supply. Making synthetic sapphires and diamonds for industrial processes. Synthetic crystals for sonar equipment. Plastics combine qualities never before found in the same material. Making high fashion clothing using synthetic materials. Filmed at: Mohasco Industries, Inc., Amsterdam, NY; Masland Duraleather Co., Philadelphia, PA; Schering Corp., Bloomfield, NJ; Linde Air Products Co., New York, NY; Bakelite Co., Bound Brook, NJ; General Electric Co., Detroit, MI; and General Tire & Rubber Co., Akron, OH.

Reference video, Box 15
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the films are stored off-site. Special arrangements must be made directly with the Archives Center staff to view episodes for which no reference copy exists. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees will be charged for reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Industry on Parade Film Collection, 1950-1959, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Industry on Parade Film Collection
Industry on Parade Film Collection / Series 1: Motion Picture Films
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep88a3e24a0-d2e0-44af-aee1-c8060f191224
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0507-ref777

Bakelite Corp: Catalogue

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1941
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Plastics, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Plastics
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Plastics / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e8c62797-5139-414c-9480-2a76057dc7ae
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-plastics-ref518

Bakelite Corp: Catalogue

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Plastics, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Plastics
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Plastics / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8cb0db91c-be6c-4cc1-afc4-285e7fa62d6e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-plastics-ref519

Mechanical Pencil, Army Air Forces

Materials:
Bakelite, aluminum, lead
Dimensions:
3-D: 13.7 × 1.3 × 1cm (5 3/8 × 1/2 × 3/8 in., 1/16lb.)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Miscellaneous
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Not applicable - Valuable Curatorial Object
Inventory Number:
V20120157001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv957eafbdb-7b88-4422-b340-4134d8598c7d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_V20120157001
Online Media:

Cranioclast

Physical Description:
metal, steel (overall material)
plastic, bakelite (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 47.2 cm x 16 cm x 2.5 cm; 18 9/16 in x 6 5/16 in x in
Object Name:
Cranioclast
Credit Line:
Gift of The Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland
ID Number:
MG.302606.328
Accession number:
302606
Catalog number:
302606.328
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-687c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1100950

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