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Music Master type UV-199 triode with 419-X base

Maker:
Music Master Corp.  Search this
Alden Co.  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 8.89 cm x 3.175 cm
Object Name:
Electron Tube, Triode
triode
Other Terms:
Electron Tube, Triode; Electron Tubes
Credit Line:
from Franklin Wingard
ID Number:
EM.322574
Catalog number:
322574
Accession number:
241556
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Electricity
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-2486-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_704190

Knott demonstration induction coil

Associated user:
unknown  Search this
Maker:
L. E. Knott Apparatus Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 6 3/4 in x 23 1/2 in x 19 1/4 in; 17.145 cm x 59.69 cm x 48.895 cm
Object Name:
Induction Coil
Credit Line:
from Dunbar High School, thru Charles Lofton
ID Number:
EM.323738
Catalog number:
323738
Accession number:
252354
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Electricity
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-3eda-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_712847

Gasoline tank cap

Physical Description:
bakelite (part: material)
brass (part: material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 1 in x 2 1/2 in; 2.54 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
Cap, Gasoline Tank
Credit Line:
Gift from Connie S. Smith in memory of Seymour Smith.
ID Number:
1990.0623.02
Catalog number:
1990.0623.02
Accession number:
1990.0623
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Road
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-c067-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1145141

Bakelite Corporation

Collection Collector:
Orth, Edward J.  Search this
Exhibition Collectors Historical Organization  Search this
Container:
Box 63, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1940
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire. Do not use when original materials are available on reference video or audio tapes. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the New York World's Fair, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the World's Fair
Edward J. Orth Memorial Archives of the World's Fair / Series 3: New York World's Fair 1939 and 1940 Incorporated Records / 3.7: Production and Distribution Zone
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0560-ref2862

Insulators

Collection Creator:
Clark, George Howard, 1881-1956  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Electricity and Modern Physics  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1844-1943
Scope and Contents note:
Series 61 consists of data on insulators and insulating materials. Brief histories; magazines; bulletins; catalogues; pamphlets; abstracts from the Navy Semi-monthly Reports; reports; photographs; correspondence; a list of important patents covering the materials and methods of manufacture of insulating materials; copies of patents; diagrams; and two books: The Insulator Book by the Locke Insulator Manufacturing Company, New York, 1919; and The Story of Bakelite by John Kimberly Mumford, New York, 1924.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but a portion of the collection remains unprocessed and is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs, negatives, and slides.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
George H. Clark Radioana Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0055, Series 61
See more items in:
George H. Clark Radioana Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0055-ref1581

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Waugh, Coulton, 1896-1973  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1861-1940
Scope and Contents:
Found are letters from museums, galleries, companies and institutions as well as family correspondence. Included are Vose Gallery, Grand Central Gallery, the Nebraska State Normal College, the 1910 International Fine Arts Exposition, and the Bakelite corporation. Much of the correspondence relates to exhibitions, and sales. Personal correspondents include Frederick Waugh's family members and scattered friends. Some letters are illustrated.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Coulton Waugh and Waugh Family papers, 1751-1974, bulk 1838-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.waugwaug, Subseries 2.2
See more items in:
Coulton Waugh and Waugh Family papers
Coulton Waugh and Waugh Family papers / Series 2: Frederick Judd Waugh papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-waugwaug-ref95

Bakelite Review

Collection Creator:
Fairchild Aircraft Corp  Search this
Container:
Box 442, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
October 1943
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Fairchild Industries, Inc. collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1989-0060-ref4718

"Bakelite Review", July, 1939

Collection Creator:
Bellanca, Giuseppe M., 1886-1960  Search this
Container:
Box 145, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Giuseppe M. Bellanca Collection, Acc. NASM.1993.0055, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Giuseppe M. Bellanca Collection
Giuseppe M. Bellanca Collection / Series 3: Personal Papers / 3.2: Publications
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1993-0055-ref1826

Abraham Lincoln

Associated person:
Lincoln, Abraham  Search this
Hamlin, Hannibal  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic, bakelite (?? material)
Object Name:
Medal
Credit Line:
The Ralph E Becker Collection of Political Americana
ID Number:
PL.227739.1860.B68
Catalog number:
227739.1860.B68
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Campaign Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-1728-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_506880

Rolmonica Player Harmonica

Maker:
Rolmonica Music Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
bakelite (overall material)
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
harmonica: 2 5/8 in x 5 in x 3 7/8 in; 6.6675 cm x 12.7 cm x 9.8425 cm
roll: 3 5/16 in x 15/16 in; 8.41375 cm x 2.38125 cm
Object Name:
harmonica
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
after 1925
Credit Line:
The Peter Kassan Collection
ID Number:
1988.0783.556
Accession number:
1988.0783
Catalog number:
1988.0783.556
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Musical Instruments
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Harmonicas
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-546c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1306622
Online Media:

Rolmonica Player Harmonica

Maker:
Rolmonica Music Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
bakelite (overall material)
wood (overall material)
paper (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 4 3/4 in x 2 7/8 in; 8.89 cm x 12.065 cm x 7.3025 cm
overall: 2 5/8 in x 5 1/4 in x 4 in; 6.6675 cm x 13.335 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
harmonica
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Baltimore
Date made:
after 1925
Credit Line:
The Peter Kassan Collection
ID Number:
1988.0783.557
Accession number:
1988.0783
Catalog number:
1988.0783.557
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Musical Instruments
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Harmonicas
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-dafa-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1306623
Online Media:

Bakelite Company

Collection Creator:
Pomerantz, Louis  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1954
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington D.C. research center. Use of audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Louis Pomerantz papers, 1937-1988, bulk 1950s-1988. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Louis Pomerantz papers
Louis Pomerantz papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pomeloui-ref24

Bantam Special Camera

Producer:
Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, New York, USA, founded 1892  Search this
Designer:
Walter Dorwin Teague, American, 1883 - 1960  Search this
Chester W. Crumrine, American, 1889 - 1952  Search this
Medium:
Bakelite (TM), steel, glass
Dimensions:
H x W: 4.8 × 7.9 cm (1 7/8 × 3 1/8 in.)
Type:
appliances & tools
Decorative Arts
camera
Object Name:
camera
Manufactured in:
Rochester, New York, USA
Date:
designed 1936; manufactured 1936-1940
Credit Line:
Gift from the George R. Kravis II Collection
Accession Number:
2019-29-2
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq42065fae3-0383-4d05-8a35-2e9a0ad9b6a9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_2019-29-2
Online Media:

Correspondence and Writing

Collection Creator:
Head, Howard, 1914-1991 (inventor, business executive)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1943-1991
Scope and Contents:
Arranged chronologically, this series contains correspondence and writings on a variety of subjects. The majority of the correspondence (June 1943 to May 1950) is ski-related, specifically Head's work on the "honeycomb ski project." The correspondence includes: Glenn L. Martin Company; Department of Commerce; Ski Illustrated; United States Plywood Corporation; The Sixty Sales Corporation; Aluminum Company of America; Rust-Proofing and Metal Finishing Corporation; Bakelite Corporation; and Thompson Wire Company. Later correspondence (1955 to 1991) consists of Head Ski Company and personal business.

The "Honeycomb Ski" journal (May 1947 to March 1948) documents Head's work on the honeycomb ski project . This typescript journal contains detailed notes on the history of the project, testing procedures, drawings and sketches, and annotations by Head. The calendars--personal/daily--are small pocket size documents created by Head to record personal dates, appointments, telephone numbers, and thoughts. The calendars are arranged chronologically and are numbered from 1 to 35. In some instances, calendars are missing. The logs/notebooks are small pocket versions that Head created to record specific information such as his meetings and telephone numbers. The writings contain works by Head and others.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for redsearch. No reference copies of audiovisual materials available at this time.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Howard Head Papers, 1926-1991, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0589, Series 2
See more items in:
Howard Head Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0589-ref34

Leo H. Baekeland Papers

Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Names:
Bakelite Corporation  Search this
Nepera Chemical Co.  Search this
Extent:
15 Cubic feet (49 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Professional papers
Clippings
Laboratory notes
Personal correspondence
Photographs
Notebooks
Diaries
Date:
1976
1863 - 1968
Summary:
The papers document Leo H. Baekeland, a Belgian born chemist who invented Velox photographic paper (1893) and Bakelite (1907), an inexpensive, nonflammable, versatile plastic. The papers include student notebooks; private laboratory notebooks and journals; commercial laboratory notes; diaries; patents; technical papers; biographies; newspaper clippings; maps; graphs; blueprints; account books; batch books; formula books; order books; photographs; and correspondence regarding Baekeland, 1887-1943.
Scope and Contents:
Baekeland documented his life prolifically through diaries, laboratory notebooks, photographs, and correspondence. These constitute the bulk of the collection. The Bakelite company history is also incompletely documented in this collection through Baekeland's correspondence, the commercial laboratory notebooks, and some company ledgers.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Reference Materials, 1863-1868 and undated

Subseries 1.1: Biographical, 1880-1965

Subseries 1.2:Company History, 1910-1961

Subseries 1.3: Related Interests, 1863-1968 and undated

Series 2: Published and Unpublished Writings (by Leo H. Baekeland), 1884-1945

Series 3: Correspondence, 1888-1963 Subseries 3.1: Personal Correspondence, 1916-1943

Subseries 3.2: Charitable Donations, 1916-1938

Subseries 3.3: Family Correspondence, 1888-1963

Subseries 3.4: Clubs and Associations, 1916-1943

Series 4: Diaries, 1907-1943

Series 5: Reading and Lecture Notes, 1878-1886

Series 6, Laboratory Notebooks, 1893-1915

Series 7: Commercial Laboratory Notebooks, 1910-1920

Series 8: Bakelite Company, 1887-1945

Series 9, Patents, 1894-1940

Series 10: Bakelite Corporation Ledgers, 1910-1924; 1935; 1939

Series 11: Photographs, 1889-1950 and undated

Subseries 11.1: Photographs, 1889-1950 and undated

Subseries 11.2: Film Negatives, 1900-1941 and undated

Subseries 11.3: Photoprints, 1894-1941

Subseries 11.4: Stereographs, 1888-1902 and undated

Subseries 11.5: Film and Glass Plate Negatives, 1899-1900 and undated

Series 12: Audio Materials, 1976
Biographical / Historical:
Leo Hendrik Baekeland was an industrial chemist famous for his invention of Bakelite, the first moldable synthetic polymer, and for his invention of Velox photographic paper. Baekeland's career as an inventor and innovator was punctuated by an urge to improve existing technologies and a willingness to experiment both meticulously and daringly. Born in Ghent, Belgium in 1863, Baekeland was a distinguished chemistry student and became a young professor at the University of Ghent. He had a long standing interest in photography and sought to further photographic technology with his expertise in chemistry. In 1887 he obtained his first patent for a dry plate which contained its own developer and could be developed in a tray of water. With the support of a business partner/faculty associate, Jules Guequier, he formed a company named Baekeland et Cie to produce the plate, but the venture failed due to lack of capital.

On August 8, 1889, he married Celine Swarts, daughter of his academic mentor Theodore Swarts, Dean of the Faculty of Sciences at the University of Ghent. After his wedding he travelled to different countries using a traveling scholarship he had been awarded two years previously. His travels ended in the United States where he was offered a job researching chemical problems associated with manufacturing bromide papers and films with A. and H.T. Anthony and Company, a photographic supply producer. Leo and Celine Baekeland had three children: George, Nina and Jenny (1890-1895).

He left Anthony and Company in 1891 to be a consulting chemist. During that time he invented a photographic print paper using silver chloride which could be developed in artificial light instead of sunlight and thus offered more flexibility and consistency to photographers. In 1893, with financial support from Leonard Jacobi, a scrap metal dealer from San Francisco, he formed the Nepera Chemical Company in Yonkers, New York, to manufacture "gaslight" paper under the trade name Velox. The paper became quite popular and the company expanded its operations after its first three years. Finally, George Eastman bought the company for a reported $750,000 which afforded Baekeland the time to conduct his own research in a laboratory he set up on his estate, "Snug Rock," in Yonkers.

Baekeland worked on problems of electrolysis of salt and the production of synthetic resins. He was hired as a consultant to work with Clinton P. Townsend to perfect Townsend's patented electrolytic cell. Baekeland's work there contributed to the success of the Hooke Electrochemical Company which began in operations in Niagara Falls in 1905.

Simultaneously, in 1902 Baekeland began researching reactions of phenol and formaldehyde, and by 1907 was able to control the reactions and produce a moldable plastic (oxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride) which he named Bakelite. Although the process was not perfected for another couple of years, Baekeland applied for a patent for Bakelite right away. He announced his discovery to the scientific community in 1909, and in 1910 formed the General Bakelite Company. Bakelite was a thermosetting resin that, unlike Celluloid became permanently solid when heated. It was virtually impervious to heat, acids, or caustic substances. It could be molded into a wide variety of shapes and was an excellent electric insulator that came to replace hard rubber and amber for electrical and industrial applications. It was also suitable for a wide variety of consumer products such as billiard balls, jewelry, pot handles, telephones, toasters, electric plugs, and airplane instrument knobs. Two companies challenged Bakelite with significant competition, Condensite Corporation of America and Redmanol Chemical Products Company. Bakelite finally merged with these two companies in 1922 to become the Bakelite Corporation. Union Carbide finally bought the corporation in 1939.

Baekeland sustained his interest in photography by taking numerous photographs throughout his lifetime. He also devoted much of his spare time to professional societies and received various honorary degrees and awards such as the Perkin Medal. He had several hobbies such as boating, wine and beer making, and, exotic plants. He also traveled extensively throughout the world, which is documented in his diaries and photographs.

Baekeland spent his final years mostly in his Coconut Grove, Florida home where he became increasingly eccentric until his mind failed him and he was institutionalized. He died in 1943 at the age of eighty.

Scope and Content: Baekeland documented his life prolifically through diaries, laboratory notebooks, photographs, and correspondence. These constitute the bulk of the collection. The Bakelite company history is also incompletely documented in this collection through Baekeland's correspondence, the commercial laboratory notebooks, and some company ledgers.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Albany Billiard Ball Company Records (AC0011)

Celluloid Corporation Records (AC0009)

J. Harry DuBois Collection on the History of Plastics (AC0008)

Materials at Other Organizations

The Hagley Museum and Library, Manuscripts and Archives Department in Delaware also several related collections including: the Directors of Industrial Research Records, 1929 -982; the Du Pont Viscoloid Company, Survey of the Plastics Field, 1932; The Society of the Plastics Industry, 1937-1987; the Roy J. Plunkett Collection, 1910-1994 (inventor of Teflon); and the Gordon M. Kline Collection, 1903.
Separated Materials:
The National Museum of American History, Division Medicine and Science has several artifacts associated with Baekeland including the original "Bakalizer" the apparatus in which Bakelite was first made. See accession numbers: 1977.0368; 1979.1179; 1981.0976; 1982.0034; 1983.0524; 1984.0138.
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection was donated to the National Museum of American History's Division of Physical Sciences in November, 1981, by Celine Karraker, Leo H. Baekeland's granddaughter.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Phenolic resins  Search this
Travel -- Photographs  Search this
Chemists -- 1880-1970  Search this
Inventors -- 1880-1970  Search this
Plastics -- 1880-1970  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Professional papers -- 1880-1970
Clippings -- 1880-1970
Laboratory notes
Personal correspondence -- 1880-1970
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 19th-20th century
Notebooks -- 1880-1970
Diaries -- 1880-1970
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Nitrate -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0005
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0005
Online Media:

Eulogy Bakelite Review

Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1944
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Leo H. Baekeland Papers / Series 1: Reference Materials / 1.1: Biographical Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref10

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1888-1963
Scope and Contents:
This series is divided into four subseries: Subseries 3.1: Personal Correspondence, 1916-1943; Subseries 3.2: Charitable Donations, 1916 -938; Subseries 3.3: Family Correspondence, 1888-1963; and Subseries 3.4: Clubs and Associations: 1916-1943.

Business correspondence can be found with the Bakelite Company series and contains Baekeland's correspondence beginning with letters between him and his wife while they lived in Belgium, and ending with the years before he died. Baekeland kept carbon copies of his out going correspondence when he began his business, and much of his in coming correspondence has handwritten notes on it indicating his replies, which were probably transcribed by his secretary.

Subseries 3.1: Personal Correspondence, 1916 -1943, contains correspondence to and from Baekeland mostly from friends and professional associates. The majority of the correspondence is from the early 1920s through the late 1930s with few items from pre 1920. The letters are predominantly in English as Baekeland made and maintained most of his adult contacts after moving to the United States.

Subseries 3.2: Charitable Donations, 1916-1938, Aside from the various clubs and associations that Baekeland supported through his membership, he also contributed money to many charities and other organizations. His donations were not limited to those found in the container listing.

Subseries 3.3: Family Correspondence, 1888-1963, contains correspondence between Baekeland and his wife Celine before they were married, and while he was in the United States and she remained in Belgium until 1892. Until 1905 most of the letters are in French, but once they were settled in the United States they communicated in English. The correspondence between Baekeland and his children Nina and George seems to be from 1905 when he travelled abroad. Celine (nickname Bon Bon) Baekeland's personal correspondence related to theosophy and with her family members is also well represented. Otherwise most of the family correspondence is from after Baekeland's death. There is correspondence from Celine and Leo Baekeland's families in Belgium, some in French, some in Flemish, and correspondence related to some of the family's properties, such as "The Anchorage" in Florida, and the "Crags" in New York. There is also some related correspondence issued by Gertrude Bidwell Gould, Baekeland's personal secretary after his death.

Subseries 3.4: Clubs and Associations, 1916-1943, Leo Baekeland was a member or honorary member of many clubs, associations, societies, and had numerous group affiliations. This majority of the material is from the mid 1920s through the late 1930s. This series reveals many of his interests, as well as organizations to which he was offered membership but declined.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0005, Series 3
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref100

Reference Materials

Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1863-1968 and undated
Scope and Contents:
This series is divided into three subseries: Subseries 1.1: Biographical, 1880-1965; Subseries 1.2: Bakelite Company, 1910-1961; and Subseries 1.3: Related Interests, 1863-1968 and undated. The materials are generally arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 1.1: Biographical, 1880-1965, contains materials about Baekeland were written both while he was alive and after his death. Most of them were published in magazines, newspapers, and biographical dictionaries. Included are also identification materials such as a passport, visas, and naturalization papers. There is a photocopy of the 1968 biographical Master's thesis on Baekeland by Carl Kaufmann, and materials related to his research. Kaufmann was married to Baekeland's daughter Nina's stepdaughter. He gained access to many of Baekeland's papers before they were donated to the museum, and he located his diaries and notebooks through Baekeland's secretary Gertrude Gould. Most of the materials are in English, but there are also biographies in French, Flemish, German, and Japanese.

Subseries 1.2: Baekeland Company, 1910-1961, includes some advertising material from Bakelite, histories of the Bakelite and the Bakelite Company, and histories of the European Bakelite companies, Bakelite Limited and Bakelite Gesellschaft.

Subseries 1.3: Related Interests, 1863-1968 and undated, contains mostly materials that Baekeland collected, with particular emphasis on plastics, chemistry, and photography. (The materials that date from after Baekeland's death were presumably gathered by his son George, and/or by biographer Carl Kaufmann while researching.) There are also newspaper clippings on various topics, legal materials, blueprint drawings of his Florida property "The Anchorage," and magazines in which Celine Baekeland published her artwork. These materials support topics covered in the correspondence series.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0005, Series 1
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref2503

Interview with Rupert Bidwell Lowe

Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Extent:
2 Cassette tapes
Container:
Box 46, Cassette OTC 0005.1
Box 46, Cassette RTC 0005.1
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Cassette tapes
Date:
1976-11-18 - 1976-11-18
Scope and Contents:
Lowe worked for Baekeland and the Bakelite Company

Duration: 120 minutes
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Leo H. Baekeland Papers / Series 12: Audio Visual Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref2524

Interview with George Roll

Collection Creator:
Baekeland, L. H. (Leo Hendrik), 1863-1944  Search this
Extent:
2 Cassette tapes ()
Container:
Box 46, Cassette OTC 0005.2
Box 46, Cassette RTC 0005.2
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Cassette tapes
Date:
1976-10-10 - 1976-10-10
Scope and Contents:
Roll worked with Baekeland and the Bakelite Company. He also married Baekeland's daughter.

Duration: 60:00 minutes
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Leo Baekeland Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Leo H. Baekeland Papers
Leo H. Baekeland Papers / Series 12: Audio Visual Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0005-ref2525

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