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Rue Prineeya in the lower part of the city, Bahia, Brazil. 18704 Interpositive

Topic:
SOUTH AMERICA
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
H.C. White Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (3 3/4" x 7")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Brazil
Local Numbers:
RSN 7975

Video number 07139
General:
Currently stored in box 1.2.14 [19]
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Streets  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 1: H. C. White glass plates / 1.2: H.C. White Interpositives / RSN Numbers 7880-7985
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref17260

Anthony Leeds Papers

Creator:
Leeds, Anthony, 1925-  Search this
Extent:
18.37 Linear feet (32 document boxes, 2 card file boxes, one photo album, one oversize box, 2 map folders, and one document box of restricted materials.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1946-1989
Summary:
This collection is comprised of the professional papers of Anthony Leeds, anthropologist and university professor. Leeds' reasearch was primarily concerned with urban development, though the fieldwork included in this collection is from rural areas. Included are correspondence, field notes, published and unpublished papers, photographs, newspaper and periodical clippings, conference papers, lecture notes, syllabi, critiques of colleague and student work, and several personal documents.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of the professional papers of Anthony Leeds, anthropologist and university professor. Included are correspondence, field notes, published and unpublished papers, photographs, newspaper and periodical clippings, conference papers, lecture notes, syllabi, critiques of colleague and student work, and personal documents such as calendars, biographical materials, and personal poems.

The materials in this collection reflect Leeds' field work in South America and Portugal, his role as a university professor, and his extensive involvement in various professional organizations. The majority of his anthropological endeavors focused on urban culture, the growth of technology and agriculture in society, and the philosophy behind anthropology and the social sciences. The fieldwork included in this collection is from early in his career, focusing on the study of Cacao agriculture in Brazil and the Yaruro people in Venezuela. The items in this collection document Leeds' various interests and activities.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 7 series: (1) Correspondence, 1950-1989; (2) Research, 1949-1989; (3) Field Work, 1950-1973; (4) University, 1947-1989; (5) Professional Activities, 1951-1988; (6) Personal, 1946-1989; (7) Photo Album, circa 1952
Biographical Note:
Anthony Leeds was born January 26, 1925 on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. Because of his parents' strong ties to Europe (both were of Jewish descent, with kin in Germany and England), Leeds spent a fair amount of his childhood in Vienna and Switzerland, where he became fluent in French and German. His father, a businessman and lawyer, died when Leeds was only three years old. Though his family returned to the United States in 1933 due to political unrest in Europe, Leeds continued to be exposed to world cultures and politics through his family. For instance, Leeds' mother was an actor, translator, and psychoanalyst who once studied at Freud's Psychoanalytic Institute in Vienna. His stepfather was not only a sculptor and musician, but also a political activist. This rich familial environment fostered an interest in the social sciences and the arts from a young age.

Leeds also got a taste for rural life when his mother moved to a working farm in Clinton Corners, New York in 1935. For the next nine years Leeds intermittently helped his mother with the farm work and attended a small high school in the area. Of his time spent at Clinton Corners, Leeds felt a strong sense of community which would make a profound influence in his understanding of rural settings as an anthropologist.

Leeds eventually attended Columbia University in New York City and received a B. A. in Anthropology in 1949. He then went directly into the graduate program at Columbia, where his fellow anthropology colleagues included Marvin Harris and Andrew P. Vayda. Some of his favorite professors and later influences were Alfred L. Kroeber, William Duncan Strong, and Karl Polyani. His dissertation was a study of the politics behind cocoa production in the Bahia region of Brazil. Conducted in 1951-1952, Leeds' investigation was one of four in Bahia supervised by Charles Wagley and Brazilian anthropologist Thales de Azevedo. This study led to his dissertation, "Economic Cycles in Brazil: The Persistence of a Total-Cultural Pattern: Cacao and Other Cases," in which Leeds analyzed the topic from a Marxist viewpoint.

After receiving his Ph.D. in Anthropology from Columbia University in 1957, Leeds embarked on his primary career as a university professor. For the next 32 years, Leeds taught at a variety of institutions--first at Hofstra University and City College in New York City, then the University of Texas, and later at Boston University. In between, Leeds found the time to spend two years (1961-63) as the chief of the Program of Urban Development at the Pan-American Union (PAU) in Washington, D.C. He also spent a year (1972-73) at the Latin American centers in England associated with Oxford University and the University of London.

It was during his university years that Leeds focused on urban studies and urban analysis. Though he did conduct a brief study of the Yaruro peoples of Venezuela in 1958, the majority of his field work thereafter concerned urban development and its effects on society as a whole. Leeds made several field trips to Brazil and other areas of South America while working at the University of Texas; he specifically traveled to Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Bogota, Lima, and Santiago de Chile to study the cultural and political cultures of squatter settlements. From 1965 to 1966, Leeds received funding from the Social Science Research Council and the Ford Foundation to conduct a study of twelve specific favelas (squatter settlements) in Rio de Janeiro. For this fieldwork, Leeds organized Peace Corps volunteers, local community workers, academics (both foreign and Brazilian), and favela residents to help collect and analyze the data. It was during this trip that Leeds met Elizabeth Plotkin, a Peace Corps community action worker, who would later become Leeds' second wife and one of his most important collaborators. Together they wrote a book in Portuguese titled A Sociologia do Brasil Urbano (1978), based on their favela research.

In the 1970's Leeds and Plotkin made seven different trips to Portugal to follow different lines of research regarding the area. Leeds specifically researched the labor migration movements from the rural areas to the cities. He later wrote a book on his studies titled Minha Terra, Portugal: Lamentations and Celebrations (The Growth of an Ethnography and a Commitment), though it would go unpublished.

In his later years, Leeds not only took a more active role in various anthropological organizations (specifically those concerning the study of urban development), but he also became an active mentor to many students at Boston University. Leeds supported a variety of graduate student research in anthropology at Boston, as well as student research from other neighboring New England universities. In addition, Leeds began a "Thursday Night Group" that regularly met at his home in Dedham, Massachusetts to discuss a variety of anthropological subjects.

On February 20th, 1989, Leeds died of a heart attack in his Randolph, Vermont farmhouse.

Sources Consulted

Sieber, Timothy R. "The Life of Anthony Leeds: Unity in Diversity." In Cities, Classes, and Social Order, by Anthony Leeds, edited Roger Sanjek, 3-26. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Chronology

1925 -- Born January 26 in New York, New York

1949 -- Earns B.A. in Anthropology from Columbia University

1951-52 -- Conducts disseration field work in the Cacao region of Bahia, Brazil, where he studies the political economy of cocoa production

1956-61 -- Teaches at Hofstra University and later City College, both in New York City

1957 -- Completes dissertation, titled "Economic Cycles in Brazil: The Persistence of a Total-Cultural Pattern: Cacao and Other Cases"

1958 -- Conducts brief field work studying the Yaruro people in Venezuela

1961-63 -- Head of the Program of Urban Development at the Pan-American Union (PAU) in Washington, D.C.

1963-72 -- Professor at the University of Texas-Austin

1965-66 -- Organizes Peace Corps volunteers, Brazilian and foreign academics, and local residents to conduct an intense study of twelve favelas (Brazilian squatter settlements) in Rio de Janeiro

1972-73 -- Spends a transitional year teaching at the Latin American centers at Oxford University and the University of London

1973-89 -- Professor at Boston University

1976-80 -- Takes several field trips to Portugal with his second wife, Elizabeth Plotkin Leeds; there he studies Portuguese labor migrations

1978 -- Sociologia do Brasil Urbano, co-written with Elizabeth Plotkin Leeds, is published

1989 -- Leeds dies of a heart attack on February 20 in Randolph, Vermont at the age of 64

Selected Bibliography

1964 -- Leeds, Anthony. "Brazilian Careers and Social Structure: An Evolutionary Model and Case History." American Anthropologist 66 (1964): 1321-47.

1965 -- Leeds, Anthony and Andrew P. Vayda. Man, Culture, and Animals: The Role of Animals in Human Ecological Adjustment. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1965.

1968 -- Leeds, Anthony. "The Anthropology of Cities: Some Methodological Issues." In Urban Anthropology, Research Perspectives and Strategies, edited by M. Fried, M. Harris, and R. Murphy, 31-47. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1968.

1971 -- Leeds, Anthony. "The Culture of Poverty Concept- Conceptual, Logical, and Empirical Problems, with Perspectives from Brazil and Peru." In The Culture of Poverty, A Critique, edited by E. Leacock, 226-284. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1971.

1976 -- Leeds, Anthony and Elizabeth Leeds. "Accounting for Behavioral Differences: Three Political Systems and the Responses of Squatters to them in Brazil, Peru, and Chile." In The City in Comparative Perspective: Cross-National Research and New Directions in Theory, edited by J. Walton and L. H. Masotti, 193-248. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1976.

1978 -- Leeds, Anthony and Elizabeth Leeds. A Sociologia do Brasil Urbano. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar Editora, 1978.

1979 -- Leeds, Anthony. "Forms of Urban Integration: "Social Urbanization" in Comparative Perspective." Urban Anthropology 8, no. 3/4 (1979): 227-27.

1981 -- Leeds, Anthony. "Low Income Urban Settlement Types, Processes, Structures, Policies." In The Residential Circumstances of the Urban Poor in Developing Countries, edited by United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, 21-61. New York: Praeger, 1981.

1984 -- Leeds, Anthony. "Cities and Countryside in Anthropology." In Cities of the Mind, edited by Lloyd Rodwin and Robert M. Hollister, 291-311. New York: Plenum, 1984.
Related Materials:
Anthony Leeds' correspondence and writings can also be found in the Marvin Harris papers at the National Anthropological Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Columbia University's Department of Anthropology.
Restrictions:
Graded materials of Anthony Leeds' students and grant applications that he reviewed are restricted. His photo album is also restricted due to preservation concerns.
Rights:
Contact the respository for terms of use.
Topic:
Urban anthropology  Search this
Cacao  Search this
Yaruro Indians  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Citation:
Anthony Leeds papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1994-35
See more items in:
Anthony Leeds Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1994-35

Becoming the Black Rome Bahia, Africa, and the African Atlantic Cécile Fromont

Author:
Fromont, Cécile  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Brazil
Bahia (State)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
2018
Topic:
Slaves  Search this
Civilization  Search this
African influences  Search this
Call number:
N6657.S25 A94 2018
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1117282

Reinventing roots from Athens to Africa in the making of Salvador's identity Anadelia Romo

Author:
Romo, Anadelia A  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Brazil
Salvador
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
2018
20th century
Topic:
Tourism  Search this
Popular culture  Search this
History  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Civilization  Search this
African influences  Search this
Call number:
N6657.S25 A94 2018
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1117287

Jorge Amado and friends Randal Johnson

Author:
Johnson, Randal 1948-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
2018
20th century
Topic:
Brazilian fiction--Themes, motives  Search this
In literature  Search this
Call number:
N6657.S25 A94 2018
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1117288

Introduction "Have you been to Bahia?" Patrick A. Polk

Title:
Have you been to Bahia?
Author:
Polk, Patrick Arthur  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Pictorial works
Place:
Brazil
Bahia (State)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
2018
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Art, Brazilian  Search this
Photography  Search this
In art  Search this
Call number:
N6657.S25 A94 2018
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1117293

Et l'homme créa son dieu : de Porto-Novo à Bahia, les dieux ont soif de musique et de danse / par Francis Bebey

Author:
Bebey, Francis  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Vodun (Cult)  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Benin
Brazil
Bahia (State)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1982
Topic:
Batuque (Cult)  Search this
Orishas  Search this
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Religion  Search this
African influences  Search this
Call number:
DT470 .B172
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1102757

Bahia de tous les saints

Author:
Bebey, Francis  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1985
Call number:
DT470 .B172
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_518316

Adpoted daughter of Manoel da Silva, chief drummer at Gantois, 1938 December

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Subject:
Silva, Manoel da  Search this
Silva, Maria José da  Search this
Physical description:
4 photographic prints : black & white ; 4 x 3 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 December
Topic:
Girls  Search this
Children  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0124
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0365
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0380
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0389
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284046
Online Media:

[Manoel in front of fetish house of Omolu (Obaluaiê) by Gantois temple], 1938 September

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Subject:
Menininha Mãe  Search this
Depicted:
Silva, Manoel da  Search this
Physical description:
2 photographic prints : black & white ; 4 x 3 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Trees--Religious aspects  Search this
Sacred groves  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Obaluaiê (Afro-Brazilian deity)  Search this
Ogun (Yoruba deity)  Search this
Orishas  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0366
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0377
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284050
Online Media:

Children outside house of Manoel da Silva, chief drummer at Gantois, 1938

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Subject:
Silva, Manoel da  Search this
Physical description:
4 photographic prints : black & white ; 4 x 3 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0228
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0368
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0390
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0396
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284073

Sabina's followers at offering ceremony for Iemanjá at Barra beach in Bahia, 1938 September 11

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Subject:
Sabina Mãe  Search this
Physical description:
3 photographic prints : black & white ; 3 x 4 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September 11
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Iemanjá (Cultus)  Search this
Orishas  Search this
Votive offerings  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0171
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0173
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0403
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284157
Online Media:

[Manoel in front of fetish house of Omolu (Obaluaiê) with back of main house of Gantois on right], 1938 September

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Depicted:
Silva, Manoel da  Search this
Subject:
Menininha Mãe  Search this
Physical description:
2 photographic prints : black & white ; 3 x 4 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Temples  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Obaluaiê (Afro-Brazilian deity)  Search this
Orishas  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0163
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0397
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284166
Online Media:

[Menininha outside of Gantois temple, speaking through window], 1938 September 14

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Subject:
Menininha Mãe  Search this
Physical description:
1 photographic print : black & white ; 4 x 3 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September 14
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Women priests  Search this
Temples  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0398
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284168

Front of Gantois, 1938 September

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Subject:
Menininha Mãe  Search this
Physical description:
2 photographic prints : black & white ; 3 x 4 centimeters and 4 x 3 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Temples  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0391
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0400
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284172
Online Media:

[Gameleira trees of Exú (Eshú), Oxossi (Oshosi), and Ogum (Ogun) by Gantois], 1938 September

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Subject:
Menininha Mãe  Search this
Physical description:
1 photographic print : black & white ; 3 x 4 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Trees--Religious aspects  Search this
Eshú (Afro-Caribbean deity)  Search this
Oshosi (Yoruba deity)  Search this
Ogun (Yoruba deity)  Search this
Orishas  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0401
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284175

[People waiting for offering to mãe d'agua (Iemanjá)], 1938 September 18

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Physical description:
1 photographic print : black & white ; 4 x 3 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September 18
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Iemanjá (Cultus)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Orishas  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0402
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284186

[Waiting for presente to Iemanjá, mãe d'agua, at Itapagipe], 1938 September 18

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Physical description:
1 photographic print : black & white ; 3 x 4 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September 18
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Iemanjá (Cultus)  Search this
Orishas  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0404
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284187

Sailboat of mãe d'agua [Iemanjá], circa 1938 September

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Physical description:
1 photographic print : black & white ; 3 x 4 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
circa 1938 September
Topic:
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Iemanjá (Cultus)  Search this
Orishas  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0405
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284188

Woman selling food at Itapagipe after offering to mãe d'agua, 1938 September 18

Creator:
Landes, Ruth 1908-1991  Search this
Physical description:
2 photographic prints : black & white ; 4 x 3 centimeters
Culture:
Brazilians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brazil
Salvador (Brazil)
Bahia (Brazil : State)
Date:
1938
1938 September 18
Topic:
Street vendors  Search this
Local number:
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0406
Image ID landes_photo_brazil_91-4_0408
See more items in:
Field photographs from Bahia, Brazil 1938 - 1939
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_284189
Online Media:

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