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Whitney Halstead collection of photographs of indigenous art

Creator:
Halstead, Whitney (collector and photographer)  Search this
Names:
British Museum  Search this
Field Museum of Natural History  Search this
Laboratory of Anthropology (Museum of New Mexico)  Search this
Nampeyo, ca. 1856-1942  Search this
Pushruk, Anthony Eskimo  Search this
Extent:
27 Negatives (acetate)
140 Prints (silver gelatin (including proof sheets of contact prints))
1 Print (albumen)
11 Copy prints
Culture:
Peruvians  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Prints
Copy prints
Place:
Benin (Kingdom)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting pottery and pottery designs from historic Pueblo groups and archeological sites, including pottery by Hopi potter Nampeyo and an image of Maria Martinez of San Ildefonso and examples of her pottery. There are also some photographs that depict a pueblo, Southwest landscapes, cliff dwellings, rock art, craftspeople, and dwellings, mostly relating to Southwest peoples, Peruvians, and Australian aborigines. The collection includes images of artifacts in the collections of the Chicago Natural History Museum, Field Museum, British Museum, University of Illinois, Santa Fe Laboratory of Anthropology, and Paul Pearson collection. Notes and notices relating to publication are also available with the collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
Whitney Halstead (1926-1979) was an art historian and artist. He acquired his BFA and MFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, where he became Chairman of the Division of Fine Arts in 1967. He also worked as an assistant in the Field Museum's anthropology department and wrote art history publications.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-43
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Archives of American Art holds Whitney Halstead's papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints of photographs or photographs of objects held by Chicago Natural History Museum, Field Museum of Natural History, British Museum, University of Illinois, and Santa Fe Laboratory of Anthropology cannot be copied. Copies or permission must be obtained from these repositories.
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Kachinas  Search this
Camps  Search this
Australian Aborigines  Search this
Cliff-dwellings  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Baskets  Search this
Masks  Search this
Spinning  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 89-43, Whitney Halstead collection of photographs of indigenous art, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-43
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-43

Australian Aboriginal Culture, Exhibition of

Collection Correspondent:
Woolworth, Alan R.  Search this
Weslager, C.A.  Search this
Witthoft, John, 1921-1993  Search this
Swauger, James Lee  Search this
Turnbull, Colin  Search this
Horn, Frances L.  Search this
Garcia, Louis  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Hodge, William  Search this
Hayink, J.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Ervin, Sam J. Jr  Search this
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Feest, Christian F.  Search this
Cree, Charlie  Search this
Davis, Edward Mott  Search this
De Busk, Charles R.  Search this
Iadarola, Angelo  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
Bunge, Gene  Search this
Cavendish, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Blake, Leonard W.  Search this
Dean, Nora Thompson  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Smith, John L.  Search this
Swanton, John Robert  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Peterson, John H.  Search this
Paredes, J. Anthony, 1939- (James Anthony)  Search this
Schleisser, Karl H.  Search this
Reed, Nelson A.  Search this
Medford, Claude W.  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Opler, Morris Edward  Search this
Nettl, Bruno, 1930-  Search this
Kraft, Herbert C.  Search this
Johnson, Michael G.  Search this
Lindsey-Levine, Victoria  Search this
Kurath, Gertrude  Search this
Collection Creator:
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Container:
Box 18
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1953-1954
Collection Restrictions:
The James Henri Howard papers are open for research. Access to the James Henri Howard papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
James Henri Howard Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James Henri Howard Papers
James Henri Howard Papers / Series 4: Photographs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1994-30-ref282

Arid lands : today and tomorrow : proceedings of an international research and development conference, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 20-25, 1985 / edited by Emily E. Whitehead [and others]

Author:
Whitehead, Emily E  Search this
University of Arizona Office of Arid Lands Studies  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 1435 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Type:
Congresses
Conference papers and proceedings
Date:
1988
Topic:
Arid regions  Search this
Land development  Search this
Conferences -- Land development  Search this
Conferences -- Arid regions  Search this
Régions arides--Congrès  Search this
Call number:
GB611 .A69 1988
GB611.A69 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_361589

Carleton Stevens Coon Papers 1925-1980

Creator:
Coon, Carlton Stevens Jr 1904-1981  Search this
Goodenough, Ward H  Search this
Andrew, T  Search this
Correspondent:
Adelman, Frederick  Search this
Agogino, George  Search this
Andrews, Rosemary  Search this
Andrews, E. Wyllys  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M  Search this
Bank, Theodore T  Search this
Birdsell, Joseph  Search this
Blanc, Alberto  Search this
Bowles, Gordon T  Search this
Boyd, William  Search this
Braidwood, Robert J  Search this
Brew, John Otis  Search this
Briggs, Lloyd Cabot  Search this
Brown, A.R  Search this
Browne, Gordon  Search this
Browne, Eleanor  Search this
Brozek, Josef  Search this
Burns, Nancy Genet  Search this
Burns, William  Search this
Bushong, Peggy  Search this
Cameron, George G  Search this
Canby, Joel  Search this
Canby, Kay  Search this
Canning, Robert Gordon  Search this
Cape, Joanthan  Search this
Carter, George F  Search this
Chapple, Eliot D  Search this
Chard, Chester S  Search this
Childe, Gordon  Search this
Cipriani, Lidio  Search this
Cline, Walter  Search this
Cole, Sonia  Search this
Coon, Bessie  Search this
Coon, John L  Search this
Coon, Janet Wulsin  Search this
Coon, Carlton Stevens Jr 1904-1981  Search this
Crawford, W. Rex  Search this
Crosby, Madeleine  Search this
Crozier, Louise  Search this
Crozier, William  Search this
Debetz, G  Search this
Dee, Sarah  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J  Search this
Dosker, Caroline  Search this
Downes, Donald  Search this
Dupree, Louis  Search this
Eddy, William A  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W  Search this
El Amin, Mahmud  Search this
Eliot, Mather  Search this
Evans, Clifford Jr  Search this
Farrell, William  Search this
Fejos, Paul  Search this
Field, Henry  Search this
Fisher, Sydney  Search this
Ford, Henry of Knopf publishers  Search this
Furnas, J.C  Search this
Garn, Stanley Marion  Search this
Golomshtok, Eugene A  Search this
Goodale, Jane  Search this
Greulich, William  Search this
Guha, Biraja N  Search this
Gulick, John  Search this
Gundersen, Trygve  Search this
Hammel, Theodore  Search this
Hanna, Paul  Search this
Haring, Douglas  Search this
Hart, David  Search this
Haury, Emil Walter  Search this
Hencken, Hugh O'Neill  Search this
Hooton, Earnest Albert  Search this
Horton, Lee  Search this
Howard, J.C  Search this
Howard, Michael  Search this
Howe, Bruce  Search this
Howell, Clark  Search this
Howells, William W  Search this
Hunt, Edward  Search this
Johnson, Frederick 1904-1994  Search this
Kidd, Philip  Search this
Kidder, Alfred II  Search this
Kluckhohn, Clyde  Search this
Koshland, William  Search this
Krogman, Wilton M  Search this
Lasker, Gabriel  Search this
Lee, Thomas  Search this
Lockard, Derwood W  Search this
Madison, Charles  Search this
Marett, J.R. dela H  Search this
Skerlj, Bozo  Search this
Marshall, Ernest  Search this
Mather, William G  Search this
Mayr, Ernst 1904-2005  Search this
McCown, Theodore  Search this
Medino, Alberto  Search this
Messing, Simon  Search this
Ashley-Montagu, Montague Francis  Search this
Morss, Noel  Search this
Mountford, C.P  Search this
Movius, Hallam L Jr  Search this
Movius, Nancy  Search this
Murdock, George Peter 1897-1985  Search this
Naby, M  Search this
Nahon, Ralph  Search this
Narroll, Raoul  Search this
Nesbitt, Paul  Search this
Neumann, Georg K (Georg Karl) 1907-1971  Search this
Newman, Marshall Thornton 1911-1994  Search this
O'Bryan, Deric  Search this
Oakley, Kenneth Page 1911-  Search this
Oliver, Douglas L  Search this
Oppenheimer, H.L  Search this
Orr, Kenneth G  Search this
Oschinsky, Lawrence 1921-1965  Search this
Penrose, Stephen B.L  Search this
Perkins, Dexter  Search this
Pettinos, Emily  Search this
Pitman, Theodore B  Search this
Purcell, John  Search this
Putnam, Patrick  Search this
Putnam, Carleton  Search this
Putnam, Ann  Search this
Rahul, R.N  Search this
Ranov, V.A  Search this
Reed, Charles  Search this
Richardson, Frederick L.W  Search this
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon) 1913-2001  Search this
Robbins, Henry  Search this
Schorger, Anne  Search this
Schorger, William Davison  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F  Search this
Senyurek, Muzaffer Suleyman 1915-1961 Turkish  Search this
Setzer, Henry  Search this
Shepardson, Whitney  Search this
Shihadeh, Gloria  Search this
Silverthorne, Henry  Search this
Simon, J.A  Search this
Singer, Ronald  Search this
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S  Search this
Solecki, Rose L  Search this
Solheim, Wilhelm G II  Search this
Springs, L. Pittman  Search this
Stewart, T. D (Thomas Dale) 1901-1997  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams 1896-1975  Search this
Stone, Marshall  Search this
Stoudt, Howard  Search this
Straus, William  Search this
Strauss, Harold  Search this
Svirsky, Leon  Search this
Swift, Gloria  Search this
Tax, Sol 1907-  Search this
Thieme, Frederick  Search this
Trotter, Mildred  Search this
Vidal, Frederico Schmidt  Search this
Wadsworth, Charles  Search this
Waechter, John  Search this
Ward, Lauriston  Search this
Washburn, Sherwood Larned  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-1978  Search this
Wheeler, Richard M  Search this
Willey, Gordon Randolph  Search this
Wulsin, Frederick R  Search this
Syman, Leland C  Search this
Yaknov, V.P  Search this
Correspodnent:
Laughlin, William Sceva  Search this
Subject:
Chapple, Eliot D  Search this
Coon, Carlton Stevens Jr 1904-1981  Search this
Dobzhansky, Theodosius controversy over Coon's Origin of Races  Search this
Coon, John Lewis  Search this
Physical description:
101 feet
Culture:
Syrians  Search this
Yapese (Micronesian people)  Search this
Australian Aborigines  Search this
Lapp Siberian  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Europeans  Search this
Ainu  Search this
Tiwi  Search this
Negritos  Search this
Ilongot (Philippine people)  Search this
Lapp  Search this
Albanians  Search this
Arab  Search this
Baluchi  Search this
Ethiopians  Search this
Riffians  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Notes
Correspondence
Illustrations
Maps
Physical anthropology forms
Writings
Place:
China
Korea
Japan
Taiwan
Philippines
Afghanistan
India
Thailand
Sumatra
Siberia
Maldive Islands
Jordan
Iran
Iraq
Ceylon
New Britain
Samoa
Bering Sea
Albania
Ethiopia
Arabia
Libya
Chad
Borneo
Melanesia
Polynesia
Chile
Central America
Africa
Yemen
Andaman Islands (India)
Indonesia
New Zealand
Europe
Date:
1925-1980
1930-1950
Topic:
Anthropometry  Search this
Race  Search this
Tertiary  Search this
Stone Age  Search this
Mesolithic  Search this
Neolithic  Search this
Bronze age  Search this
Iron Age  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Safi pottery  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Lapp  Search this
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87705

Geza Roheim Papers

Creator:
Roheim, Geza  Search this
Subject:
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research  Search this
Physical description:
13.5 linear fee
Culture:
Duau  Search this
Dobu  Search this
Australian Aborigines  Search this
Yuma  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Topic:
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_87921

Australian Aboriginal Art

Collection Creator:
World House Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 77
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1949-1957
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
World House Galleries records, 1927-1991, bulk 1953-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
World House Galleries records
World House Galleries records / Series 2: Artist Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-worlhoug-ref95

Percy Leason papers, circa 1929-2011

Creator:
Leason, Percy Alexander, 1889-1959  Search this
Leason, Percy Alexander, 1889-1959  Search this
Subject:
Leason, Max  Search this
Meldrum, Max  Search this
State Library of Victoria  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- Staten Island  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- Staten Island  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9122
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211316
AAA_collcode_leasperc
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211316
Online Media:

The Negro Worker Vol. 2 No. 4

Published by:
The Negro Worker, 1928 - 1937  Search this
Edited by:
George Padmore, Trinidadian, 1903 - 1959  Search this
Subject of:
Communist International, 1919 - 1943  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 5/8 x 6 in. (21.9 x 15.2 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Place depicted:
China, Asia
South Africa, Africa
Scottsboro, Jackson County, Alabama, United States, North and Central America
Australia, Oceania
Date:
1932
Topic:
African American  Search this
Colonialism  Search this
Decolonization  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Justice  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
U.S. History, 1919-1933  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.37
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Pan Africanism
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53754633a-9141-40b3-ab5c-edc94ee2671a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.37
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Is Japan the Champion of the Colored Races?

Published by:
Workers Library Publishers, Inc., American, founded 1930  Search this
Written by:
Theodore Bassett  Search this
A. W. Berry  Search this
Cyril Briggs, Nevisian, 1888 - 1966  Search this
James W. Ford, American, 1893 - 1957  Search this
Harry Haywood, American, 1898 - 1985  Search this
Subject of:
Harlem Section of the Communist Party, American  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 11/16 x 5 1/8 in. (19.5 x 13 cm)
Type:
pamphlets
Place depicted:
Japan, Asia
China, Asia
Rome, Italy, Europe
Berlin, Germany, Europe
Date:
1938
Topic:
African American  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Dr. Maurice Jackson and Laura Ginsburg
Object number:
2010.55.9
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd52dff215a-6d61-43f5-ad96-e6a991f2e2cf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.55.9
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Press Releases

Collection Creator:
Woman's Building (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 50
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1985-1987
Collection Citation:
Woman's Building records, 1970-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Woman's Building records
Woman's Building records / Series 2: Education Programs / 2.1: Administrative Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-womabuil-ref483
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René d'Harnoncourt papers

Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Art in America  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Sarah Lawrence College -- Faculty  Search this
United States. Indian Arts and Crafts Board  Search this
Alvarez Bravo, Manuel, 1902-  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel, 1904-1957  Search this
Durieux, Caroline, 1896-1989  Search this
Fosado, Víctor  Search this
Klumb, Henry, 1905-1984  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Tantaquidgeon, Gladys Iola  Search this
d'Harnoncourt, Sarah  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Place:
Mexico -- description and travel
Date:
1921-1983
Summary:
The papers of Austrian born curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), document d'Harnoncourt's activities, primarily in the 1930s and 1940s, particularly as they relate to Mexican and Native American art. D'Harnoncourt's career, including his arrival in Mexico in 1925, his curation of the exhibitions, Mexican Art (1930-1932), and Indian Art of the United States (1941), and his work for the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, are documented in small amounts of biographical material and correspondence, published writings, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs of d'Harnoncourt and colleagues, and photographs of works of art. The collection also contains a drawing of d'Harnoncourt, and photocopies of caricatures of d'Harnoncourt and others.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Austrian-American curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), document d'Harnoncourt's activities, primarily in the 1930s and 1940s, particularly as they relate to Mexican and Native American art. D'Harnoncourt's career, including his arrival in Mexico in 1925, his curation of the exhibitions, Mexican Art (1930-1932), and Indian Art of the United States (1941), and his work for the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, are documented in small amounts of biographical material and correspondence, published writings, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs of d'Harnoncourt and colleagues, and photographs of works of art. The collection also contains a drawing of d'Harnoncourt, and photocopies of caricatures of d'Harnoncourt and others.

Biographical material consists of d'Harnoncourt's official Austrian departure documents for his travel to Mexico in 1925; pages of an appointment book from 1932; and notes on d'Harnoncourt's career that index publications in which he is mentioned amongst other things, prepared by Sarah d'Harnoncourt.

Correspondence and memoranda relate primarily to the Mexican Arts exhibition, (1930-1932) sponsored by the American Federation of Arts; the "Art in America" radio program, organized by the American Federation of Arts with the cooperation of the Museum of Modern Art; d'Harnoncourt's part time teaching position at Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville; and his appointment as General Manager of the Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Later correspondence references research on d'Harnoncourt's work for the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, and includes information on d'Harnoncourt, provided in response to inquiries about him.

Writings by d'Harnoncourt include published articles on Mexican and Indian arts and crafts, a 1969 reprint of d'Harnoncourt's and Frederic H. Douglas's expanded version of the catalog for Indian Art of the United States, a foreword, and two seminar/symposium papers. Unpublished writings comprise two typescripts. The series also includes several writings by others.

Printed material includes announcements and exhibition catalogs, documentation of the "Art in America Program," published books belonging to and/or referencing d'Harnoncourt, Department of Interior publications, including some issued by the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Museum of Modern art press releases, news clippings relating to d'Harnoncourt and his activities, and miscellaneous printed material.

Additional clippings from a dismantled scrapbook(s) document the Mexican Arts exhibition.

Artwork and artifacts include one original sketch in colored pencil of d'Harnoncourt by Austrian artist, Silverbauer, photocopies of caricatures and doodles by d'Harnoncourt, Miguel Covarrubias, and Caroline Durieux, and two Indian Arts and Crafts Board weaving samples.

Photographs are of d'Harnoncourt, Sarah d'Harnoncourt, and friends and colleagues. They include a photograph of d'Harnoncourt by Manuel Alvarez-Bravo; snapshots of others including Fred Davis; Sarah d'Harnoncourt and folk art specialist, Victor Fosado; fellow Indian Arts and Crafts Board members, architect Henry Klumb, Alice Marriot, and anthropologist, author, and tribal council member, Gladys Tantaquidgeon. Also found are three photographs of Mexican Art exhibition installations; fourteen photographs of Native Americans; three photographs showing covers and/or fronts pieces of d'Harnoncourts books Beast, Bird and Fish, Mexicana, The Hole in the Wall, and The Painted Pig; and photographs of artwork included in the Mexican Art exhibition and an exhibition of Australian Aboriginal Cave Paintings (1947).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-circa 1978 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence and Memoranda, 1929-1981 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1928-circa 1970s (0.4 linear feet; Box 1, OV 4)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1921-1979 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, OV 4)

Series 5: Scrapbooks, 1930-1933 (0.3 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork and Artifacts, circa 1926-circa 1950s (3 folders; Box 3)

Series 7: Photographs, 1930-1983 (0.25 linear feet; Box 3, OV 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Austrian born curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), was an authority on Native American art and Mexican arts and crafts. He curated and toured with a traveling exhibition, Mexican Art, from 1930-1932, guest curated the exhibition, Indian Art of the United States, for the Museum of Modern Art in 1941, served on the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, and was Director of the Museum of Modern Art from 1949-1968.

D'Harnoncourt was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1901. He left Austria for Mexico in 1925, and began working for American, Frederick Davis, who owned a shop that sold Mexican antiquities and folk art in Mexico City. At this time, d'Harnoncourt made many important connections, including meeting American Ambassador to Mexico, Dwight Morrow, and his wife, Elizabeth Morrow. D'Harnoncourt illustrated several books in the early 1930s, including The Painted Pig (1930) and Beast, Bird and Fish (1933), both written by Elizabeth Morrow, and The Hole in the Wall (1931) and Mexicana: A Book of Pictures (1931). According to Sarah d'Harnoncourt, her husband considered himself an amateur in the field of book illustration, which he enjoyed as a means of self-amusement.

In 1929, d'Harnoncourt was asked to curate an extensive exhibition of Mexican art to travel to major cities in the United States, sponsored by the American Federation of Arts. D'Harnoncourt toured with this exhibition, Mexican Art, for two years, beginning at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in October, 1930.

D'Harnoncourt visited Austria briefly in 1932, then returned to the United States in 1933 and married Sarah Carr the same year. He became a naturalized United States citizen in 1939.

Between 1933 and 1944, d'Harnoncourt directed the radio program "Art in America," organized by the American Federation of Arts in cooperation with the Museum of Modern Art. He also taught art history at Sarah Lawrence College from 1934-1937. In 1936 he began working for the Indian Arts and Crafts Board of the Department of the Interior, becoming General Manager in 1937, and the Board's Chairman in 1944. As General Manager he curated an exhibition on Indian art for the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939, and installed an expanded version of the exhibition, Indian Art of the United States, as guest curator for the Museum of Modern Art in 1940-1941.

In 1944, d'Harnoncourt joined the Museum of Modern Art as Vice President in charge of Foreign Activities, focusing his work on Latin America, and as Director of the Department of Manual Industries, responsible for the preservation of Native American art and culture. In 1949 he was appointed Director of the Museum of Modern Art, and served in this capacity until his death in an automobile accident in 1968.
Related Materials:
An oral history of René d'Harnoncourt, interviewed by Isabel Grossner in 1968, can be found at Columbia University, Oral History Research Office, 801 Butler Library, 535 West 114 Street, New York, NY 10027.
Separated Materials:
The bulk of René d'Harnoncourt's papers are in the Museum Archives of the Museum of Modern Art. The Museum's 59.25 linear feet document, in particular, d'Harnoncourt's years with the Museum from 1944-1968. That collection also includes papers donated by Sarah d'Harnoncourt which relate to d'Harnoncourt's time in Mexico, from 1925-1932, and his work in the United States from 1933-1944. While these holdings may overlap occasionally with the papers in the Archives of American Art (some items at the Archives of American Art, for instance, may be photocopies of originals at the Museum), the bulk of the Archives' d'Harnoncourt papers appear to be distinct from those at the Museum.

The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 2919-2931) including papers generated by d'Harnoncourt during his professional affiliation with the Museum of Modern Art, such as, personal files, three appointment notebooks, professional files including Latin American correspondence, exhibition files, files documenting outside affiliations, and departmental and special event files. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
D'Harnoncourt's widow, Sarah d'Harnoncourt, donated the René d'Harnoncourt papers to the Archives of American Art in 1975, 1981, and 1984. An additional eleven linear feet of material was lent by the Museum of Modern Art's for microfilming in 1983.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
Reels 2919-2931: Authorization to publish requires written permission from Museum of Modern Art, New York, N.Y. MoMA requires full citation to include microfilm reel and frame numbers, and reference to MoMA as the owner of the Rene d'Harnoncourt papers. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Mexican  Search this
Art, Aboriginal Australian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Indian art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Cave paintings -- Austrailia  Search this
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Latin American  Search this
Function:
Art museums -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Citation:
René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dharrene
See more items in:
René d'Harnoncourt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dharrene
Online Media:

Photographs

Collection Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet (Box 3, OV 4)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1930-1983
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of d'Harnoncourt and others include a copy print of a circa 1930 photo of d'Harnoncourt by Manuel Alvarez-Bravo from the collection of the Museum of Modern Art; a snapshot (1939) of Gladys Tantaquidgeon with Sarah d'Harnoncourt; a snapshot (1940) of architect, Henry Klumb, and his wife, Elsa, their son, and d'Harnoncourt in Tuscon; a snapshot (1951), with two copy negatives, of Fred Davis; two snapshots (1951) of Davis's house and garden in Cuernavaca, Mexico, taken by folk art specialist, Victor Fosada, who was a key member of staff at Fred Davis's shop in Mexico; a snapshot (1959) of d'Harnoncourt and Sarah d'Harnoncourt with Victor Fosado; a color photo (1968) of d'Harnoncourt; a color photo (1983) of Alice Marriott; and a color slide of Mrs. Roanhorse and a child named René, sent by Grace and Charles Cole.

Also found are twelve photographic prints of Native Americans, two of whom are identified as Brovira Soft Velvet, and Red Tomahawk, and two copy prints of "Seminole Indians, Florida probably 1950s."

There is one copy print of a Metropolitan Museum of Art photograph of the Mexican Art exhibition installation, and two prints of items that were also possibly installations in the exhibition; and a print of a Museum of Modern Art photograph showing an installation of printed material about Native American art.

Photographs of artwork by d'Harnoncourt include copy prints of three photographs by Will Brown of covers, and/or fronts pieces, for four children's books co-authored/illustrated by d'Harnoncourt: Beast, Bird and Fish, Mexicana, The Hole in the Wall, and The Painted Pig.

Photos of artwork by others include photos of Mexican artwork, some of which was used in Mexican Arts; a complete set of seventy-four photos of artwork from the exhibition Australian Aboriginal Cave Paintings (1947); a copy print of a caricature of d'Harnoncourt by Miguel Covarrubias; and photos of artwork by unidentified artists.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
Reels 2919-2931: Authorization to publish requires written permission from Museum of Modern Art, New York, N.Y. MoMA requires full citation to include microfilm reel and frame numbers, and reference to MoMA as the owner of the Rene d'Harnoncourt papers. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dharrene, Series 7
See more items in:
René d'Harnoncourt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-dharrene-ref13

Printed Material

Collection Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Linear feet (Boxes 1-2, OV 4)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1921-1979
Scope and Contents:
Series includes announcements and exhibition catalogs, documentation of the "Art in America Program," published books belonging to and/or referencing d'Harnoncourt, Department of Interior publications, including some issued by the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Museum of Modern art press releases, and news clippings primarily relating to exhibitions and other events in which d'Harnoncourt was involved.

Announcements and exhibition catalogs include catalogs for Las Exposicion de Artes Mexicanas (Carnegie Corporation, 1930); Mexican Arts (The American Federation of Arts, 1930-1931); Aboriginal Culture of the Western Hemisphere (Treasure Island, San Franscisco, 1940); American Indian Art (Worcester Art Museum, 1941), El Arte Indígena de Norteamérica (1945) with an introduction by d'Harnoncourt; and Australian Aboriginal Cave Paintings (Australia House, 1947).

Material relating to the "Art in America" program includes issues 1-3, and 5-14 of Art In America News; d'Harnoncourt's annotated copy of Art in America from 1600-1865: An Illustrated Guide for a National Radio Broadcast From February 3 to May 19, 1934 (University of Chicago Press, 1934); a schedule of the program; a transcript of a radio broadcast for the program on November 10, 1934; and a draft of a 1935 report on the program.

Books belonging to d'Harnoncourt and/or Sarah d'Harnoncourt include: Return Ticket inscribed to d'Harnoncourt by author Salvador Novo in a presentation box; and three books in which d'Harnoncourt and the Indian Arts and Crafts Board are referenced, including From Every Zenith: A Memoir (1963); The Indian: America's Unfinished Business (1966); and Dance Around the Sun (1977). Also found are four publications that were used in the exhibition Mexican Arts to demonstrate the quality of typography: Metodo d Dibujo Tradicion Resurgimiento y Evolucion d el Arte Mexican (1923), Antologia De La Poesia Mexicana Moderna (1928), Escalera (Tocata y Fuga) (1929), and El Nuevo Paraiso (circa 1930).

Book covers include the cover of Volume 1 of two volumes issued in connection with the exhibition Las Artes Populares en Mexico, a catalog which d'Harnoncourt apparently consulted regularly, for an exhibition which Sarah d'Harnoncourt stated was the "ancestor" of Mexican Arts; and the illustrated cover, and pages from, Domingos Mexicanos (or Mexican Sundays), a published collection of reproductions of watercolors by René d'Harnoncourt, published by Fred Davis. Publications of the Bureau/Office of Indian Affairs include eight issues of the publication Indians at Work and five pamphlets on Native Americans by region.

Publications of the Department of the Interior Indian Arts and Crafts Board include Bibliography of Articles and Papers on North American Indian Art, compiled by students in d'Harnoncourt's class at Sarah Lawrence College; two pamphlets and seven Fact Sheets, one of which is accompanied by a note of transmittal from Pearl Moeller of the Museum of Modern Art stating how "René battled long and hard for the trademarks, and certification, and the publications, so it's rewarding to see it in print," referring to free pamphlets that are mentioned in a 1978 Fact Sheet; and eight issues of Smoke Signals, the "circular for Indian artists and craftsmen," including the first issue (1951).

One folder relates to Fred Davis's collection. It includes a 1951 catalog of the collection, and a 1957 issue of Mexico This Month, with an article about Davis's collection, and copies of several advertisements for his store.

Government legislation includes a copy of the Act of Congress establishing the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, and a regulation governing the use of "Government trademarks of genuineness for Indian products."

News clippings are primarily from newspapers and magazines and relate to art exhibitions and other events in which d'Harnoncourt was involved, as well as related events and people.

Miscellaneous printed material includes resolutions 16, 41, 43, 45, 52, 73, 88, 93, and 96 of the Papago Council; d'Harnoncourt's copy of Pageant of the Pacific by Miguel Covarrubias (1940); two reports by the Division of Inter-American Activities in the United States; a catalog, Celebrate: The Story of the Museum of International Folk Art (Museum of New Mexico Press,1979); and an undated copy of a poem.

Museum of Modern Art press releases, 1934-1935, relate to the "Art in America Program"; press releases from 1941 relate to the opening of Indian Art of the United States exhibition.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
Reels 2919-2931: Authorization to publish requires written permission from Museum of Modern Art, New York, N.Y. MoMA requires full citation to include microfilm reel and frame numbers, and reference to MoMA as the owner of the Rene d'Harnoncourt papers. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dharrene, Series 4
See more items in:
René d'Harnoncourt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-dharrene-ref3

Of Artwork by Others, Used in Exhibition, Australian Aboriginal Cave Paintings

Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Collection Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 9-11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1947
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
Reels 2919-2931: Authorization to publish requires written permission from Museum of Modern Art, New York, N.Y. MoMA requires full citation to include microfilm reel and frame numbers, and reference to MoMA as the owner of the Rene d'Harnoncourt papers. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
René d'Harnoncourt papers
René d'Harnoncourt papers / Series 7: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-dharrene-ref74

Aleš Hrdlička papers

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Correspondent:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Names:
American Journal of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Hyde Exploring Expedition (1902-1903)  Search this
Institute of Population  Search this
International Congress of Americanists  Search this
Panama-California Exposition (1915 : San Diego, Calif.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology. Division of Physical Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
206.71 Linear feet (294 boxes, 138 folders, 9 rolled items, and 4 folios)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Saint Lawrence Island (Alaska) -- Archaeology
Australia
Alaska -- Archaeology
Mexico -- Anthropology
Florida -- Archaeology
Egypt -- Archaeology
Czechoslovakia
Peru -- Physical anthropology
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Date:
1875-1966
bulk 1903-1943
Summary:
The papers of Aleš Hrdlička, curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, offer considerable insight into the development of physical anthropology in the first half of this century. The papers include honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). In addition, there is material of a personal nature. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the USNM.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of both professional and personal materials. The professional material includes honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). The personal material primarily consists of correspondence with his first wife (Marie Dieudonnée Strickler) and other family members, but there are also financial records. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Hrdlička investigated all major questions confronting physical anthropologists of his day (the fossil record of early humans, the arrival of humans in the Americas, human variation, evolution, and eugenics) and made valuable contributions in all these areas. Hrdlička's interests in the establishment of physical anthropology as a distinct and important field, the welfare of the Czech people, early hominids, and variation within the human species are all documented in the collection as are the services he performed for various United States government agencies. He pursued field studies in many different parts of the world, but there are relatively few field notes as such among his papers. There is instead the edited journal "My Journeys," photographs, and physical anthropological forms. There is also relatively little material on his administrative involvement in the USNM. There is no material from Hrdlička's time at the Pathological Institution of the New York State Hospitals; after he resigned, fire destroyed the anthropological records Hrdlička collected as a member of the staff. There are materials in the collection which contradict, or at least complicate, many long-held criticisms of Hrdlička, particularly claims that he was racist and opposed feminist ideas. The collection contains materials of interest to genetic research, including anthropometric measurements, hair clippings and fingerprints.

There are a few items in the collection which are dated earlier than the collection's date span. These are publication dates, and the folders containing the items have been dated accordingly, but they have not affected the dates of the series or collection. There are also a few items which are dated after Hrdlička's death. These dates reflect the fact that the collection was added to by the Department of Physical Anthropology after Hrdlička's death and have been taken into account when formulating dates for the series and collection.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 37 series:

(1) Miscellaneous Personal Papers, 1875-1940

(2) Early Personal Correspondence, 1883-1919

(3) Correspondence, 1885-1953

(4) News Clippings and Printed Matter, 1893-1953

(5) Financial Papers, 1910-1943

(6) Journeys to the Southwestern United States and Mexican Indians, 1898-1919

(7) Journeys to the Dakota, Chippewa, Kickapoo, and Shawnee, 1916-1917

(8) Florida Survey, 1918, 1918-1927

(9) Alaska Archeological Expeditions, 1912-1938 (bulk 1926-1938)

(10) Panama-California Exposition Expeditions, 1912-1914

(11) Journey to Egypt, Europe, and Russia, 1908-1909

(12) Journey to South America, 1910, 1910-1912

(13) Journey to the Far East, 1920, 1900-1930

(14) Journey to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe, 1924-1925

(15) Anthropometric Measurements of Indians Taken at the United States National Museum, 1904-1905, most undated

(16) Bone Studies, 1893-1929, most undated

(17) Old Americans, 1914-1930

(18) Children Who Run on All Fours, 1928-1936

(19) Early Man Studies, 1906-1930

(20) European Ethnic History, 1908-1938

(21) Miscellaneous Research Notes, 1887-1930

(22) Manuscripts of Writings, 1901-1944, most undated

(23) Writings by Other Authors, 1877-1942

(24) Anthropometry, undated

(25) "From My Journeys", 1898-1938

(26) -- American Journal of Physical Anthropology -- , 1918-1931

(27) American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1924-1931

(28) International Congress of Americanists, 1900-1928

(29) Institute of Population, 1942

(30) Department of Anthropology, 1914-1943

(31) Lecture Notes, 1920-1932

(32) Maps and Charts, 1900-1932

(33) Miscellany, 1895-1954

(34) Index Cards, 1899-1948

(35) Bibliographic Index, undated

(36) Physical Anthropology Folios, undated

(37) Photographs, 1887-1944
Biographical Note:
Aleš Hrdlička was born in Bohemia in 1869 and came to America when he was thirteen. As a young man, he was trained in medicine at New York's Eclectic Medical College and the New York Homeopathic Medical College, receiving degrees from each. His first professional work was as a private practitioner, but he gave that up in 1894 when he joined the staff of the New York State Hospital for the Insane at Middletown. There, in addition to other duties, he began studies of the physical characteristics of inmates. This set in motion developments that would eventually lead him to become one of the world's most prominent anthropologists who has sometimes been referred to as "the founder of physical anthropology in America."

In 1896, in preparation for a research appointment with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals, Hrdlička went to Paris and studied with Leon Manouvrier. After his return to America, he worked for a short period with the Pathological Institute and came into contact with G.S. Huntington of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Hrdlička arranged and studied Huntington's large collection of skeletal material, thus gaining knowledge of a well-documented collection representing largely normal persons of European ancestry. He came to the attention of Frederic Ward Putnam, of the American Museum of Natural History, who arranged for his first anthropological field studies.

It was thus that Hrdlička became a member of the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1898, he traveled to Mexico with Carl Lumholtz to study the Tarahumaras, Huichols, and neighboring tribes. In subsequent years, he returned to Mexico and the Southwest alone and studied physical characteristics and medical conditions of several American Indian tribes. With this experience and examinations of the Trenton and Lansing skeletal material for Putnam, Hrdlička came fully into the world of anthropology. In 1903, he was appointed head of the newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology in the United States National Museum.

While in his position at the Smithsonian, Hrdlička returned to the Southwest for studies of Pima and Apache children in 1905 and, in the following year, traveled to Florida to examine allegedly ancient remains of man. In 1908, he worked among a number of Indian tribes, including the Menominee, Oglala Dakota, Quinailt, Hupa, and Mohave, in a study of tuberculosis among them. In 1909, he traveled to Egypt with an expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in order to study living Egyptians and to examine remains of Egypt's past population. The following year took him to Argentina, Peru, and Mexico. In the first of these, he again examined allegedly ancient remains of man. In Peru, he made a large collection of skeletal material near Trujillo, at Pachamac, and in the Chicama Valley.

From 1912-1914, Hrdlicka undertook a physical anthropological exhibit for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego and, for this, traveled to eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Peru, and Florida. He also examined fossil remains of man in Europe and directed field work of other anthropologists in South and East Africa, St. Lawrence Island in Alaska, the Philippines, eastern Siberia, and the Ukraine. In 1915, for the Department of Justice, he assessed the racial makeup of Chippewas on the Leech Lake and White Earth reservations in Minnesota and also studied Dakota Indians. In 1917, his field work was directed toward white American families with longtime residence in the United States. In 1918, he carried out a survey of ancient sites in eastern Florida for the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1920, he traveled to Hawaii, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria in connection with an appointment to lecture at the Peking Union Medical College. As director of the American School for Prehistoric Studies in France, he again studied fossil remains of man in Europe in 1922 and 1923. In 1925, he carried out work in India, Ceylon, Java, Australia, South Africa, and Europe. In 1927, he was again in Europe to deliver the Huxley Memorial Lecture before the Royal Anthropological Society in Great Britain. Between 1929 and 1938, he traveled frequently to Alaska to carry on an anthropological survey. In 1939, he traveled to Russia and Siberia.

Beginning with much of the skeletal collection of the Army Medical Museum, which had been transferred to the Smithsonian in 1898 before he was appointed there, Hrdlička amassed a bone collection that included, among many other specimens, the Huntington collection, casts of fossil remains of man, and a large and diverse North American collection. He also gathered a large collection of human brains. Over three hundred publications resulted from his study of this material, his field work, and his study of specimens in other museums. In addition, he was involved in many other activities. For United States government agencies, he provided services ranging from examinations of human remains for law enforcement officials to providing information and opinions concerning national origins and traits that were needed to interpret laws and form foreign policy. During World War II, he also advised government officials on policies to be pursued with certain national groups following the war.

In 1918, Hrdlička founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and remained its editor until 1942. In 1928, he was the major force behind the organization of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and served as its president from 1928 to 1932. He was also president of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1907, the American Anthroplogical Association from 1925 to 1927, and the Washington Academy of Sciences from 1928 to 1929. He was chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1918 and secretary of the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council in 1917. From the 1920s to the 1940s Hrdlicka was a member of the American Eugenics Society and prepared exhibits for various eugenics congresses. In addition, Hrdlička was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the National Academy of Sciences. He represented the Smithsonian at several international gatherings of scholars, including meetings of the International Congress of Americanists.

Chronology

1869 March 29 -- Alois Ferdinand Hrdlička (Aleš Hrdlička) born in Humpolec, Bohemia

1882 September -- Emigrated to New York City

1888 -- While stricken with typhoid, met M. Rosenbleuth, a physician who arranged for Hrdlička to enroll at the Eclectic Medical College of New York City

1892 -- Enrolled in the New York Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital Published first article, "Scheme of Examination (Medical)," Publications of the Eclectic Medical College Graduated first in his class from the Eclectic Medical College

1894 -- Graduated first from his class from the Homeopathic Medical College Became research intern at the State Homeopathic Hospital for the Insane in Middletown, New York, where he began his studies in physical anthropology Passed state board examination (allopathic)

1895 -- Joined staff of the Pathological Institute of the New York State Hospitals as associate in anthropology

1896 -- Studied anthropology under Leon Manouvrier in Paris

1896 August 6 -- Married Marie Stickler (Dieudonnée)

1898 March-July(?) -- Accompanied Carl Lumholtz on his expedition to northern Mexico, sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), and visited the Tarahumara, Huichol, and Tepecan Indians

1899 Spring -- Resigned from the Pathological Institute to take charge of physical and medical anthropological research on the Hyde Expeditions of the AMNH to the southwestern United States

1899 August -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, to excavate the site of Pueblo Bonito and to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; visited Grand Gulch caves in southern Utah; included visits to the Navahos and southern Utes

1900 -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to New Mexico, Arizona, and southern Colorado to conduct somatological surveys among the Indians; included visits to the Apaches, Yumas, and Pueblo Indians

1902 January-September -- Hyde expeditions for AMNH to southwestern Arizona, New Mexico, and northern Mexico to conduct somatological surveys; included visits to the Tepecanos, Papagos, Opatas, Pimas, Yaquis, Mayos, Huichols, Otomis, Tepehuanes, Maricopas, Yumas, Yavapais, Paiutes, Walapais, and Havasupais

1902 October-December -- Hyde expedition for the AMNH to Mexico for Hrdlička to complete his somatological investigations; included visits to the Tepehuanes, Coras, Huichols, "Nahuas," "Aztecs," and Tarascans

1903 May 1 -- Became assistant curator in charge of the new Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, at the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution

1905 -- Expedition under the auspices of the Bureau of American Ethnology to Arizona and New Mexico to complete the observations on the tribes of this region; Hrdlička especially studied Apache and Pima Indian children

1906 February -- Expedition to western Florida to investigate remains of alleged ancient man

1907 -- President of the Anthropological Society of Washington

1908 -- Expedition to Indian schools and reservations in Wisconsin, Washington, California, Arizona, and South Dakota to study tuberculosis for a report to the International Congress of Tuberculosis

1908 December - 1909 May -- Traveled to Egypt, Greece, Turkey, Hungary, Bohemia, Russia, Poland, and Germany to examine human skeletal remains from an excavation in Egypt by the Metropolitan Museum of Art and to study peoples of the Near East

1910 March 28 -- Promoted to curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology

1910 April-September -- Attended the 17th International Congress of Americanists in Buenos Aires and Mexico City Traveled to Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Mexico, and Panama

1912 -- Planned and directed seven expeditions for the physical anthropology exhibit at the Panama-California Exposition held at San Diego in 1915; expeditions included Hrdlička to Siberia and Mongolia and later to Peru; Riley D. Moore to St. Lawrence Island, Alaska; Philip Newton to the Philippine Islands; Vojtech Suk to Africa; Stanislaw Poniatowski to eastern Siberia; Kazimir Stolyhwo to the Birusa caves in Siberia and to the Ukraine; and Jindřich Matiegka to Bohemia

1912 May-Summer -- Traveled to London to attend 18th International Congress of Americanists Traveled to Siberia and Mongolia for the Panama-California Exposition

1912 September -- Traveled to Geneva for the 14th International Congress of Prehistoric Anthropology and Archaeology

1913 January-April -- Expedition to Peru as part the effort for the Panama-California Exposition

1914 November 18 - 1915 January 18 -- Attended Panama-California Exposition

1915 May -- Research for the Department of Justice at the White Earth and Leech Lake reservations in Minnesota to determine non-Indian mixture among Chippewas

1915 December -- Served as General Secretary for the 19th International Congress of Americanists held in Washington

1916 Fall -- Traveled to Florida to examine remains of supposed ancient man

1917 March-July -- Served as Secretary on the Committee on Anthropology of the National Research Council

1917 Summer -- "Old American" research at Yale University, Harvard University, and the University of Virginia and in Tennessee

1917 August -- Sponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, traveled to Oklahoma to visit the Shawnee Agency in eastern Oklahoma and the Kickapoo Indians in McCloud to search for adequate samples of pure blood Indians

1918 -- Elected to the American Philosophical Society Served as Chairman of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and became its long-time editor Surveyed prehistoric sites on the southwest coast of Florida

1918 October 8 -- Death of his wife Marie

1920 -- Anthropometry published by the Wistar Institute Elected an honorary fellow of the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1920 Summer -- Married Mina (Vilemina) Mansfield

1920 January-May -- Visited Japan, Korea, Manchuria, northern China, Mongolia, and Hawaii Lectured at Peking Union Medical College in China

1920 Fall -- Visited Minnesota Chippewa (at the White Earth Reservation?) to help the Department of Justice setter the question of mixed and pure bloods among the Chippewa

1921 -- Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

1922 -- Visited Spain, France, Germany, Moravia, and England Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from the University of Prague Chairman of the American delegation to the 20th International Congress of Americanists in Rio de Janiero

1923 -- Served three and one-half months as Director of the American School in France for Prehistoric Studies Visited England, Holland, Belgium, France, Germany, Bohemia, Austria, Croatia, and Italy

1925 -- The Old Americans published by Williams and Wilkins Co.

1925 March-October -- Traveled to Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe on a trip sponsored by the Buffalo [New York] Society of Natural Science to obtain cranial measurements of Australian aborigines and Tasmanians, to investigate the Rhodesian Man site in South Africa, to survey the field of early man, and to collect data to support his hypothesis about the peopling of the Earth

1925-1926 -- President of the American Anthropological Association

1926 -- Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from University of Brno and D.Nat.Sc. degree from Brunn University

1926 May-September -- First fieldwork in Alaska: reconnaissance down the Yukon River to its mouth, around the Bering Sea and through the Bering Strait along the Alaskan coast to Point Barrow

1927 -- Received Huxley Memorial Medal and gave Huxley Lecture on "the Neanderthal Phase of Man" before the Royal Anthropological Society of Great Britain

1928 -- Helped found the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA)

1928-1929 -- President of the Washington Academy of Sciences

1928-1932 -- Served as first president of the AAPA

1929 -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Yukon River from Tanana to its mouth, to St. Lawrence and the Diomede Islands, to Cape Prince of Wales, up to Point Barrow and back to Unalaska Awarded honorary Sc.D. degree from Charles University, Prague

1930 -- Published The Skeletal Remains of Early Man, Vol. 83 Smithsonian Miscellaneous collections Published "Anthropological Survey in Alaska," Forty-sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, pp. 21-374

1930 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Kuskokwim River from Bethel down river to Apogak and up river to Stony River

1931 -- Children Who Run on All Fours published by McGraw-Hill Book Co.

1931 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1932 -- Kober Foundation lecturer of Georgetown University

1932 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site, trial excavations at Chief's Point and other sites, and a survey of Kodiak Island

1934 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed Cooks Inlet sites and the mainland opposite the Our Point site

1935 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site

1936 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: excavated at Our (Jones) Point site and surveyed the Dutch Harbor caves, some of the Aleutian Islands, and the mummy cave on Kagamil Island

1937 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands and Commander Islands

1938 Summer -- Fieldwork in Alaska: surveyed the Aleutian Islands, Dutch Harbor caves, and Commander Islands

1939 April 4 -- Testimonial dinner given by the American Association of Physical Anthropologists in honor of his 70th birthday

1939 April-June -- Recuperated in London hospital after suffering a coronary occlusion

1942 March 31 -- Retired from curatorship at United States National Museum, becoming an associate in anthropology

1942 December -- Resigned as editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology

1943 -- Alaska Diary published by Cattell Press

1943 September 5 -- Died of heart attack

1944 -- Anthropology of Kodiak Island published by Wistar Institute

1945 -- The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants published by Wistar Institute

1969 -- Tenth Anthropological Congress of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences dedicated to Hrdlička in the 100th anniversary year of his birth

Selected Bibliography

1908 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physiological and Medical Observations Among the Indians of Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Bulletin 34, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1908.

1912 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Early Man in South America. Bulletin 52, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1912.

1919 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Physical Anthropology: Its Scope and Aims. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1919.

1920 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropometry. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1920.

1925 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Old Americans. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1925.

1930 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Skeletal Remains of Early Man. Vol. 83, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. City of Washington: The Smithsonian Institution, 1930. Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropological Survey in Alaska. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1930.

1931 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Children Who Run on All Fours, and Other Animal-like Behaviors in the Human Child. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1931.

1943 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Alaska Diary, 1926-1931. Lancaster, PA: The Jacques Cattell Press, 1943.

1944 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. Anthropology of Kodiak Island. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1944.

1945 -- Hrdlička, Aleš. The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants. Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 1945.
Related Materials:
Additional material in the National Anthropological Archives relating to Aleš Hrdlička can be found in the papers of William Louis Abbott, Henry Bascom Collins, Herbert William Krieger, and Frank Spencer; records of the American Anthropological Association, Bureau of American Ethnology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (National Museum of Natural History), Science Service, Anthropological Society of Washington, and the United States Army Medical Museum (anatomical section, records relating to specimens transferred to the Smithsonian Institution); and glass negatives of Indians collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution illustrations.

Additional related photographs can be found in Photo Lot 8, Division of Physical Anthropology collection; Photo Lot 9, Photographs of Indians for the Panama-California Exposition, San Diego; Photo Lot 24, Bureau of American Ethnology, United States National Museum photographs of American Indians; Photo Lot 70, Department of Anthropology portrait file; Photo Lot 78, Miscellaneous negatives; Photo Lot 97, Division of Ethnology collection ("USNM" Collection); Photo Lot 73-26B, Aleš Hrdlička photographs relating to the Panama-California Exhibition; Photo Lot 73-26G, Miscellany; Photo Lot 77-48, Group portraits of International Congress; Photo Lot 79-38, Division of World Archeology collection; Photo Lot 83-41, Division of Physical Anthropology collection of photographs of human bones; and Photo Lot 92-46, Anthropology lantern slides.

Related films can be found in the Human Studies Film Archive under the accession numbers HSFA 1982.2.1, 1982.2.2, 1986.12.1, and 2015.13.1.

Hrdlička's extensive collection of reprints is maintained in the Division of Physical Anthropology.

Frank Spencer's doctoral dissertation "Aleš Hrdlička, M.D., 1869-1943: A Chronicle of the Life and Work of an American Physical Anthropologist" (1979) is the only book length biography of Hrdlička. The Frank Spencer papers, 1836-1999, are available at the NAA and contain original correspondence between Hrdlička and his first wife, Marie Strickler; his childhood report card from 1869; copies of family photos obtained from Lucy Miller, Hrdlička's niece; and an audio recording of Hrdlička speaking at Wistar Institute.

Further material may be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

The University of Alaska Anchorage holds diaries relating to Hrdlička's Expeditions to Alaska in 1936, 1937, and 1938 in the Alan G. May papers. The finding aid for this collection is avialable online at https://archives.consortiumlibrary.org/collections/specialcollections/hmc-0690/ and a trascription of May's diaries from the expeditions is available online at https://scholarworks.alaska.edu/handle/11122/11850
Provenance:
Hrdlička bequeathed his papers to the Smithsonian Institution. The Division of Physical Anthropology maintained them until they were deposited in the National Anthropological Archives in the 1960s. Some papers have come into the collection since then, most recently in 2018. These new accretions came to the collection through Donald Ortner, David Hunt, T. Dale Stewart, the Department of Anthropology, and the University of Alaska.
Restrictions:
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are open for research.

Access to the Aleš Hrdlička papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Human evolution  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Children -- Physical anthropology  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Citation:
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1974-31
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1974-31
Online Media:

Australian aborigines

Collection Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Container:
Box 229
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1925
Collection Restrictions:
The Aleš Hrdlička papers are open for research.

Access to the Aleš Hrdlička papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Aleš Hrdlička papers
Aleš Hrdlička papers / Series 37: Photographs / Australia, Java, India, South Africa, and Europe, 1925:
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-31-ref4167

Album 16: "Portraits Ethnological"

Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Container:
Box 6
Box 7
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
430 cyanotypes, many with several images on one sheet. Numbers 1-200 are in box 22-6 and numbers 201-430 are in box 22-7. Ethno. Portraits from around the world, many in Department of Ethnology: Photographs. It is possible that some images exist here and not in other collections. There are many photographs relating to William Louis Abbott and relating to Madagascar by Mason Shufeldt. There are also anthropologists, such as Cushing, Boas, and Hough, posing as exhibit models. Most neg. numbers are probably in the "MNH" series, but the existence of a negative and its correct number should be checked before placing orders.

Culture area: Worldwide

Images incldue San Ildefonso dances by Stevenson (16:1, :12, :16, :17), North American Indians, South American Indians, many from a German publication (esp. 16:2 - :11, :13, :14), Hawaiians (16:26,:27), Orientals (:28, :29), Madagascar, by Shufeldt (:31, :339-ca.:364 & others), painting of Pocahontas? (:44), Belle Mackenzie (:45), Gen. Santa Anna (:46), Cushing posing for exhibits (:50-ca.:57, :70-:75), W. Hoffman posing (:58-63), Walter Hough posing (:65-68, :86, :87), W. W. Rockhill posing in Tibetan costume (:55), Franz Boas posing (:76, :77, :95-:105), a group of people on expedition to collect botanical specimens (:88), William Louis Abbott photographs (:106-ca. :318), African (Angolan) man posing (:319-:323 & others), Australian aborigines (studio), and Bororo photos (:4419-:425).
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 22: Photographs of Specimens and Other Subjects (Processing Laboratory Photographs) / 22.1: Albums
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0311-ref14445

Hough, Walter—Incoming letters

Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Container:
Box 22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1889-1891
1907-1918
Scope and Contents:
Includes letters of H. W. Henshaw, 7/3/89, re origin of Kiowa drill; T. C. Battey, 6/22/89, re plan of interior of Kiowa lodge (drawing) and the origin of the Kiowa; T. C. Battey, 5/30/89, re fire-making among the Kiowa; Q. H. Bean, 1/30/90, re bark beater purchased for the United States National Museum; Henry Balfour to Thomas Wilson (copy), 10/9/89, sending saucer-like lamp to the museum; Henry Balfour to Hough, 1/19/90, re a lamp sent the museum; Henry Balfour, 3/31/90, re Hindu fire drill; Henry Balfour, 4/28/90, re Hindu fire drill; Henry Balfour, 12/13/90, re fire making and lamps; Henry Balfour, 10/10/90, concerning same matters; Henry Balfour, 1891, concerning same matters (3 letters); Henry Balfour to G. Brown Goode (copy); John F. Hobbs, 7/5/90, re Australian aborigines, especially fire-making apparatus; Charles E. Woodruff, 5/27/91, re Hupa drill; J. Walter Fewkes, 6/21/07, re work around Casa Grande area; Jesse W. Fewkes, 5/15/18, re correspondence between A. R. Graham and William H. Holmes concerning objects found at Hudson Hot Springs (Faywood), New Mexico, with copies of Graham's letters; "Notes up Firesticks Used by the Australian Aborigines in North Queensland," by James W. Culten; and James Shepard, 12/30/16, re candelabra and source.
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 17: Division of Ethnology / 17.1: Manuscript and Pamphlet File
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0311-ref14709

Australian Aborigines

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Box 2b
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1881-1882
Scope and Contents:
3 Letters, A. W. Hewitt, Feb. 14, 1881; April 24, 1882; Nov. 21, 1882. 9 pp.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 2: Materials on Sign Language / 2.2: Correspondence on sign language filed by world region / Oceania
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1333

Geoffrey N. O'Grady Papers

Creator:
O'Grady, G. N. (Geoffrey N.)  Search this
Extent:
Plus 3 oversize boxes, 4 record storage boxes, and 3 map folders
11.8 Linear feet (24 document boxes and 3 card file boxes)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Aranda (Australian people)  Search this
Australian Aborigines  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Place:
Arizona
Australia
Vancouver (British Columbia)
Date:
1949-2007
bulk 1957-1998
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of the professional papers of linguistic anthropologist Geoffrey O'Grady. Included are research materials consisting of field notes and notebooks, correspondence, published and unpublished writings, annotated copies of other scholars' work, photographs, and sound recordings.

The materials in this collection document O'Grady's career as a linguistic scholar from his days as a jackaroo in the Australian outback to his time at the University of Victoria. The majority of the collection is made up of field research, which contains detailed vocabularies and linguistic analysis for aboriginal peoples of Australia and First Nation communities of Canada. O'Grady's sound recordings represent his work with the Arizona Tewa language among the Hopi as well as various Australian aboriginal languages; they supplement the Field Research series.
Arrangement:
The O'Grady collection is arranged into 7 series: (1) Field Research; (2) Writings; (3) Professional Activities; (4) Correspondence; (5) Writings by Others; (6) Photographs; (7) Sound recordings.
Biographical/Historical note:
Anthropological linguist Geoffrey N. O'Grady was born on January 1, 1928 in southern Australia. He first became interested in languages in high school when he took classes in Latin, German, Russian, and Hungarian. O'Grady became immersed in Australian aboriginal languages during his six years as a jackaroo on a sheep station at Wallal Downs in the Australian Outback. There he spent time with aboriginal peoples and was adopted into the Nyangumarta tribe where he learned to speak their language.

O'Grady was offered a research assistantship at the University of Sydney in 1956. This allowed him to take field research trips into the Outback where he recorded various indigenous languages. During this time he undertook a project to alphabetize the Nyangumarta language. As a result, a literacy program and a Nyangumarta newspaper, which is still published, were established.

In 1960, after completing his BA at the University of Sydney, O'Grady received a Fulbright Scholarship to attend Indiana University. During three summers at Indiana, he travelled to Arizona to conduct field research in Hopi Tewa. After he completed his PhD he accepted a position at the University of Alberta, Edmonton in 1963. While at the University of Alberta he began to study northern Canadian First Nations languages. In 1965 he moved on to the Linguistics Department at the University of Victoria, where he began to study indigenous languages on Vancouver Island and taught courses on phonetics and historical sound change. When O'Grady retired from the University of Victoria in 1993, the Australian National University honored him with a Festschrift entitled "Boundary Rider."

Geoffrey O' Grady passed away on December 28, 2008 after a long struggle with Parkinson's.

Sources Consulted

2009. Geoffrey O'Grady Obituary. Victoria Times Colonist. January 3. http://web.uvic.ca/ling/information/index.htm, accessed April 4, 2012.

John Esling. 2009. In Memoriam: Dr. Geoffrey N. O'Grady. http://ring.uvic.ca/people/memoriam-dr-geoffrey-n-o%E2%80%99grady, accessed April 4, 2012.

1928 -- Born January 1

1956 -- Accepted research assistantship at the University of Sydney and began undergraduate studies

1957 -- Married wife Alix

1959 -- Received BA from the University of Sydney

1960 -- Fulbright scholarship at Indiana University where he finished his PhD

1960-1963 -- Summer field studies of Hopi Tewa in Arizona

1963 -- Completed dissertation on grammar of Nyangumarta under the supervision of C.F. and F.M. Voegelin

1963 -- Began work at University of Alberta, Edmonton

1965 -- Joined the Linguistics Department at University of Victoria in BC Canada

1966 -- Project to outline the relationships among all of the Aboriginal languages of Australia

1993 -- Retired from University of Victoria

2008 -- Died December 28
Related Materials:
For more of O'Grady's language material from Western Australia and sound recordings from his fieldwork among the aborigines in the 1950s and 1960s, consult the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) located in Lawson Cres, Canberra ACT, Australia.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by O'Grady's wife Alix O'Grady.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Photographs
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Citation:
Geoffrey N. O'Grady Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2010-30
See more items in:
Geoffrey N. O'Grady Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2010-30
Online Media:

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