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Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers

Creator:
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Names:
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Atkinson, Terry, 1939-  Search this
Dibbets, Jan, 1941-  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Graham, Dan, 1942-  Search this
Haacke, Hans, 1936-  Search this
Heizer, Michael, 1944-  Search this
Holt, Nancy, 1938-  Search this
Insley, Will, 1929-2011  Search this
Jenney, Neil, 1945-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Long, Richard, 1945-  Search this
Oppenheim, Dennis, 1938-2011  Search this
Valledor, Leo, 1936-1989  Search this
Wheeler, Dennis  Search this
Extent:
15.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1905-1987
bulk 1952-1987
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, writer, and earthworks artist Robert Smithson and his wife, sculptor, filmmaker, and earthworks artist Nancy Holt measure 15.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1987, with the bulk of the material dating from 1952 to 1987. The papers consist of Smithson's biographical material; business and personal correspondence, much of it with artists; interview transcripts; extensive writings and project files; financial records; printed material; a scrapbook of clippings; holiday cards with original prints and sketches; photographic material; and artifacts. Also found are project files related to Nancy Holt's motion picture film Pine Barrens and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels, including a video documentary about Sun Tunnels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor, writer, and earthworks artist Robert Smithson and his wife, sculptor, filmmaker, and earthworks artist Nancy Holt measure 15.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1987, with the bulk of the material dating from 1952 to 1987. The papers consist of Smithson's biographical material; business and personal correspondence, much of it with artists; interview transcripts; extensive writings and project files; financial records; printed material; a scrapbook of clippings; holiday cards with original prints and sketches; photographic material; and artifacts. Also found are project files related to Nancy Holt's film Pine Barrens and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels, including a video documentary about Sun Tunnels.

Biographical material includes Robert Smithson's curriculum vitae, personal identification and medical documents, eight engagement/day planners Smithson and Holt maintained from 1966 to 1973, and Smithson's funeral register.

Correspondence is primarily with Smithson's family, friends, fellow artists, and business associates discussing personal relationships, proposed art projects, and exhibitions. Correspondents of note include Carl Andre, the Dwan Gallery (Virginia Dwan), Dan Graham, Will Insley, Ray Johnson, Gyorgy Kepes, Sol Lewitt, Lucy Lippard, and Dennis Wheeler. There is also substantial correspondence received by Holt upon Smithson's death in 1973, and between Holt and the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art regarding Smithson's retrospective exhibition in 1982.

There are nine interview transcripts with Smithson discussing his works and his general philosophy on art, and one transcript of the Andrew Dickson White Museum's Earth Art Symposium (1969) featuring the following artists: Mike Hiezer, Dennis Oppenheim, Robert Smithson, Neil Jenney, Gunther Uecker, Jan Dibbets, Richard Long, and Hans Haacke.

Writings are substantial and include 73 drafts of published and unpublished essays by Smithson on art, artists, and works in progress. The series also includes poems by Smithson, six notebooks containing notes and sketches by Smithson, and drafts of writings sent to Smithson and Holt by friends and colleagues, including Carl Andre, Terry Atkinson, Dan Flavin, Dan Graham, and Jack Thibeau.

Project files contain correspondence, project instructions, diagrams and sketches, research materials, photographic material, and maps related to over 50 of Smithson's artworks. These include concepts, proposed projects, sculptures, non-sites, and earthwork projects, including Spiral Jetty, Broken Circle, and Spiral Hill.

Personal business records include gallery related loan arrangements and receipts for miscellaneous art supplies. Financial records include tax forms and preparation documents, including cancelled checks, receipts, statements, and related correspondence.

Printed materials include books, clippings, and periodicals related to Smithson, either containing writings or sketches by him, or containing articles reviewing his work. There are also exhibition announcements and catalogs of Smithson's group and solo shows from 1959 to 1985.

The scrapbook contains clippings of Smithson's published articles from 1966 to 1973 with annotated shorthand notes.

Artwork consists of Christmas cards collaged by Smithson, and sketches by Smithson and Leo Valledor.

Photographic materials include prints and negatives of Smithson with friends, promotional Hollywood movie stills, and original prints and copyprints of other artists' artwork.

Artifacts consist of a paper bag silkscreened with a Campbell's soup can (Warhol), promotional buttons (N.E. Thing Co.), various organic materials, and two art kits.

Nancy Holt's papers consist of correspondence, a grant application, printed materials, and project files and audio visual material related to her motion picture film Pine Barrens (1975) and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels (1975).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 13 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1905-1974 (Box 1; 14 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1959-1987 (Boxes 1-2, OV 21; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Interview Transcripts, 1966-1973 (Box 2; 11 folders)

Series 4: Writings, 1959-1975 (Boxes 2-3; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Project Files, circa 1950s-1982 (Boxes 4-5, Boxes 17-18, OV 20, OV 22-26, OV 36, RD 28-30, RD 32-35; 6.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, circa 1967-1970s (Box 5; 4 folders)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1962-1972 (Box 6; 1 linear foot)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1955-1985 (Boxes 7-11, Box 18, RD 31; 5.6 linear feet)

Series 9: Scrapbook, 1966-1973 (Box 11, Box 16; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11, Box 18; 5 folders)

Series 12: Artifacts, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11, Box 14, OV 19; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 13: Nancy Holt Papers, circa 1960s-1980s (Box 12-13, 15, OV 27, FC 37-38; 1.9 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Robert Smithson (1938-1973) was the pioneer of land and earthworks art. He was also a noted sculptor, painter, writer, and lecturer working primarily in New York City. Smithson's wife, Nancy Holt (1938-) was a noted sculptor and filmmaker and also worked as an earthworks artist.

Born in Passaic, New Jersey, Smithson expressed an early interest in art, enrolling in classes at the Brooklyn Museum School and the Art Student's League in New York while still attending high school. Smithson's early works were primarily paintings, drawings, and collages. In 1959, he exhibited his first solo show of paintings at the Artists' Gallery in New York and had his first solo international show in Rome with the Galleria George Lester in 1961.

During the early to mid-1960s, Smithson was perhaps better known as a writer and art critic, writing numerous essays and reviews for Arts Magazine and Artforum. He became affiliated with artists who were identified with the minimalist movement, such as Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Nancy Holt, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris and others. In 1963, Smithson married sculptor and filmmaker Nancy Holt and a year later started to create his first sculptural works. In 1966, Smithson joined the Dwan Gallery, whose owner Virginia Dwan was an enthusiastic supporter of his work.

Smithson's interest in land art began in the late 1960s while exploring industrial and quarry sites and observing the movement of earth and rocks. This resulted in a series of sculptures called "non-sites" consisting of earth and rocks collected from a specific site and installed in gallery space, often combined with photographs, maps, mirrors, or found materials. In September 1968, Smithson published the essay "A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects" in Artforum that promoted the work of the first wave of land art artists. Soon thereafter, he began creating his own large scale land art and earthworks.

From 1967 to 1973, Smithson's productivity was constant as he wrote, lectured, and participated in several solo and group shows a year, both at home and abroad. He explored narrative art as essay in "The Monuments of Passaic" and fully committed to his idea of visiting sites and using them as the basis for creating non-sites, Non-Site, Pine Barrens, (1968); incorporated and documented the use of mirrors at sites in Mirror Displacement, Cayuga Salt Mine Project (1968-1969); and created his first site-specific works through liquid pours of mud, asphalt, and concrete, including Asphalt Rundown (1969). In 1969, he also completed his first earth pour at Kent State University with his project Partially Buried Woodshed. Later that year, he created the sculptural artwork for which he is best known, Spiral Jetty (1969) on the Great Salt Lake in Utah. This was the first of his pieces to require the acquisition of land rights and earthmoving equipment, and would be followed two years later by Broken Circle and Spiral Hill in 1971.

On July 20, 1973, while surveying sites in Texas for the proposed Amarillo Ramp, Smithson died in a plane crash at the age of 35. Despite his early death, Smithson's writings and artwork had a major impact on many contemporary artists.

Nancy Holt began her career as a photographer and video artist. Today, Holt is most widely known for her large-scale environmental works, Sun Tunnels and Dark Star Park. Holt has also made a number of films and videos since the late 1960s, including Mono Lake (1968), East Coast, West Coast (1969), and Swamp (1971) in collaboration with her late husband Robert Smithson. Points of View: Clocktower (1974) features conversations between Lucy Lippard and Richard Serra, Liza Bear and Klaus Kertess, Carl Andre and Ruth Kligman and Bruce Brice and Tina Girouard. In 1978, she produced a film about her seminal work Sun Tunnels.
Related Material:
The Archives also holds several collections related to Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt, including an oral history interview with Robert Smithson conducted by Paul Cummings in 1972; an interview with Robert Smithson conducted by Tony Robbin in 1968; Robert Smithson letters to George B. Lester, 1960-1963; and oral history interviews with Nancy Holt conducted by Scott Gutterman in 1992 and Joyce Pomeroy Schwartz in 1993.
Separated Material:
Non-archival library books, periodicals, and phonographs from Robert Smithson's personal library are currently stored offsite.
Provenance:
The papers of Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt were donated by Nancy Holt in several accretions between 1986 and 2011.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smitrobe
See more items in:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitrobe
Online Media:

[Terry Atkinson : miscellaneous uncataloged material]

Author:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries Art and Artist Files Collection DSI  Search this
Subject:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Type:
Books
Vertical files
Artist files
Call number:
AAF--Atkinson, Terry
Restrictions & Rights:
Photocopies of items in the folder(s) are available upon request, subject to fees and other current copyright guidelines for reproduction.
FOLDER(S) DO NOT CIRCUATE. FOLDERS MUST BE CONSULTED ON SITE
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_673593

Terry Atkinson : Emma Greaser

Title:
Emma Greaser
Author:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Mastai, Judith 1945-  Search this
Mendel Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Physical description:
9 p
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1992
[1992]
Call number:
N6797.A83 A4 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_650572

Tourism I & II, Terry Atkinson : Perils of leisure, Don Gill

Author:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Gill, Don  Search this
Bate, David  Search this
Contemporary Art Gallery (Vancouver, B.C.)  Search this
Art Gallery of Windsor  Search this
Subject:
Gill, Don Exhibitions  Search this
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Gill, Don Expositions  Search this
Atkinson, Terry 1939- Expositons  Search this
Physical description:
[16] p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1990
Call number:
N6797.A83.A4.1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_653267

Terry Atkinson : mute 3

Title:
Mute 3
Mute three
Author:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Vestsjællands Kunstmuseum Sorø  Search this
Irish Museum of Modern Art (Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland)  Search this
Cornerhouse (Gallery : Manchester, England)  Search this
Subject:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Physical description:
35 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1992
Call number:
N6797.A83 A4 1992a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_665360

Terry Atkinson, work, 1977-83

Author:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Whitechapel Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Physical description:
63 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
1983
Call number:
N40.1.A865 W5
N40.1.A865W5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_288110

Theories of three conceptual artists : a critique and comparison / by Luise H. Morton

Author:
Morton, Luise H  Search this
Subject:
Kosuth, Joseph Criticism and interpretation  Search this
LeWitt, Sol 1928-2007 Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Atkinson, Terry 1939- Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Physical description:
3, iv, 191 leaves ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1986
1985
Topic:
Conceptual art  Search this
Art--Philosophy  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.K87 M88 1985a
N40.1.K87M88 1985a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_295440

Art & Language / Terry Atkinson ... [et al.] ; edited by Paul Maenz and Gerd de Vries

Author:
Art & Language (Group)  Search this
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Maenz, Paul  Search this
Vries, Gerd de  Search this
Physical description:
347 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
C1972
Topic:
Language and languages--Philosophy  Search this
Pragmatics  Search this
Conceptual art  Search this
Call number:
P106 .A784 1972
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_108435

Texte zum Phänomen Kunst und Sprache/ Art & Language. Terry Atkinson [u. a.]. Hrsg. von Paul Maenz u. Gerd de Vries. [Dt. Übers.: Wilhelm Höck]

Author:
Maenz, Paul  Search this
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Vries, Gerd de  Search this
Subject:
Art & Language (Group)  Search this
Physical description:
347 p.; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
20th century
Topic:
Conceptual art  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Call number:
N6494.C63 M33
N6494.C63 M33X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_38618

Art & [i.e. and] language : [proceedings I-VI : Ausstellung], Kunstmuseum Luzern, [27. Januar-24. Februar 1974 : Katalog] / Terry Atkinson ... [et al.] ; [Engl. Originaltexte mit deutscher Übers.]

Author:
Art & Language (Group)  Search this
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Kunstmuseum Luzern  Search this
Physical description:
[41] p. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
1974]
Topic:
Language and languages--Philosophy  Search this
Pragmatics  Search this
Conceptual art  Search this
Call number:
P106 .A74 1974X
P106.A74 1974X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_63858

An evening forum at the Vancouver Art Gallery with Terry Atkinson, Jeff Wall, Ian Wallace and Lawrence Weiner, February 1990 / edited by Judith Mastai

Author:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Mastai, Judith 1945-  Search this
Vancouver Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Atkinson, Terry 1939-  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. : ill ; 23 cm
Type:
Interviews
Date:
1992
[1992]
20th century
Topic:
Conceptual art  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Postmodernism  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Artists  Search this
Call number:
N6494.C63 E94 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_956648

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