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Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers

Creator:
Fleischman, Lawrence A. (Lawrence Arthur), 1925-1997  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Archives of American Art  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Milwaukee Art Center  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
United States Information Agency  Search this
University of Michigan. Museum of Art  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Bailey, Grace  Search this
Bailey, Truman E., 1902?-1959  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Culver, Charles B. (Charles Beach), 1908-1967  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fleischman, Barbara  Search this
Gentle, Esther, 1900-  Search this
Krentzin, Earl, 1929-  Search this
Marin, John, 1870-1953  Search this
Pollack, Peter, 1909-1978  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Richardson, Constance, 1905-  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston, 1902-1985  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Sellers, Charles Coleman, 1903-  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault, 1894-1972  Search this
Extent:
4.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Typescripts
Photographs
Date:
1837-1984
bulk 1935-1979
Summary:
The papers of art collectors, art patrons, and philanthropists Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman measure 4.9 linear feet and date from 1837 to 1984, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1935-1979. The papers are comprised mostly of correspondence with artists, museums, and arts organizations. Also found are scattered biographical materials, artists' autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans, exhibition files, notes and writings, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art collectors, art patrons, and philanthropists Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman measure 4.9 linear feet and date from 1837 to 1984, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1935-1979. The papers are comprised mostly of correspondence with artists, museums, and arts organizations. Also found are scattered biographical materials, artists' autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans, exhibition files, notes and writings, printed material, and photographs.

One folder of biographical material includes a biographical account and a certificate of appreciation from the Common Council for the City of Detroit.

The bulk of the collection is comprised of correspondence documenting the Fleischman's art related activities and interests primarily during the 1950s and 1960s. Individual correspondents include Aaron Bohrod, Charles E. Burchfield, Charles B. Culver, Philip Evergood, Earl Krentzin, John Marin, Jr., Abraham Rattner and Esther Gentle, Peter Pollack, Edgar P. and Constance Richardson, Charles Coleman Sellers, and Franklin Watkins. One letter from Charles E. Burchfield includes four etching plates used to create the color print of Hot September Wind.

Arts organizations and galleries represented in the correspondence include the American Federation of Arts, the Archives of American Art, the Arts Commission of the City of Detroit, the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Detroit Institute of Art, Kennedy Galleries, M. Knoedler and Co., Inc., Kraushaar Galleries, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Midtown Galleries, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the School of the Society of Arts and Crafts, the United States Information Agency, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Winterthur Museum.

Autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans include letters written by artists Washington Allston (addressed to Thomas Sully), Albert Pinkham Ryder, and John Taylor Arms.

Exhibition files document the various exhibitions of art work from the Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman Collection at the University of Michigan Museum of Art; the Detroit Institute of Art; in Central and South America; in Greece, Israel and Russia; and at the Milwaukee Art Center. The files contain letters, notes, printed material, and photographs.

Three folders of notes and writings include "Introduction to Earl Krentzin Catalog" by Lawrence Fleischman and "Selection of Excerpts from the Soviet Press and Radio Attacking U. S. Culture" by unidentified authors.

Scattered printed material includes miscellaneous clippings and catalogs not connected with the Exhibition Files series. There is also a book John Marin: The Man and his Work by E. M. Benson that was autographed by Marin to the Fleischmans in 1953.

Photographs include portrait photographs of Lawrence Fleischman, photographs of Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman with colleagues, of art work from the Fleischman Collection, of Truman and Grace Bailey in their studio, and a copy photograph of Thomas Eakins as a boy.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1958 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1949-1984 (Boxes 1-4, 7; 3.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Autograph Letters, 1837-1942 (Box 4; 4 folders)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1953-1960 (Boxes 4-5, 7; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1957-1962 (Box 5; 3 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1935-1969 (Box 5-6; 6 folders)

Series 7: Photographs, 1953-1965 (Box 6; 13 folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Fleischman (1925-1997) of New York City was an American art collector, patron, philanthropist, and benefactor. He and his wife, Barbara Greenberg Fleischman, assembled an impressive collection of art and artifacts that they shared with the public as part of their philanthropic activities aimed at fostering a wider appreciation of the arts around the world.

Lawrence Fleischman was born on February 14, 1925 in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Stella and Arthur Fleischman, the owner of a large carpet business. He attended the Western Military Academy in Alton, Illinois, and studied engineering at Purdue University. In 1942, he interrupted his studies to volunteer for service in the U.S. Army during World War II. While serving in France, he met a doctor who further fostered Fleischman's ever growing interest in American art. Following the war, he graduated with a degree in physics from the University of Detroit. Fleischman met Barbara Greenberg in Detroit and they were married in 1948.

Beginning in the late 1940s, Fleischman established a fledgling television station, developed holdings in real estate, and began purchasing art work. Initially the Fleischmans collected undervalued 20th century American art and were friends with several artists, including John Marin, Charles Burchfield, Stuart Davis, and Ben Shahn. They also expanded the scope of their collection to include 19th century American works.

During the 1950s, Lawrence Fleischman realized how there were few American art historians and college departments, as well as a lack of primary source material. Fleischman worked with Edgar P. Richardson, then director of the Detroit Institute of Art, to raise funds and they founded the Archives of American Art at the Detroit Institute of Art in 1954. The Archives of American Art was, and still is, dedicated to the collection, preservation, and study of primary source records that document the history of the visual arts in the United States. Lawrence A. Fleischman is a founding Trustee of the AAA and served as the Chairman of the Board from 1958 to 1966. His wife, Barbara joined the Board of Trustees in 1997 and served as Chair from 2003 to 2007. She is a Trustee Emerita.

Lawrence Fleischman's business and philanthropic interests included the Arthur Fleischman Carpet Company, the Lee Plaza Hotel-Motel in Detroit, Art Adventurers, the Art School of the Society of Arts and Crafts in Detroit, the Friends of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, the Cultural Committee of the United States Information Agency, and the Art Commission of Detroit, which governed the Detroit Institute of Art. He also served as an officer of the Board for many of the arts-related organizations.

In 1996, the Fleischmans moved their family from Detroit to New York City, where Lawrence Fleischman became a partner in the Kennedy Galleries.

The Fleischmans philanthropic activities include generous support of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Detroit Institute of Art, the Cleveland Museum, the British Museum, the Vatican Museum, and lifelong support of the Archives of American Art.

Lawrence Fleischman died on January 31, 1997 in London, England. Barbara Fleischman lives in New York City and continues to be an active supporter of the visual arts.
Related Materials:
Among the Archives holdings are two oral history interviews with Lawrence A. Fleischman. The first was conducted by Paul Cummings in 1970 and the second conducted by Gail Stavitsky in 1994 . Both interviews have transcripts available.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming, the majority of which was later donated, except for five letters on reel D197. These include one postcard from Constance Richardson, 1956; one letter from Constance Richardson, 1957; one letter from Franklin Watkins, 1955; one letter from Lawrence Fleischman to Wilbur H. Hunter, 1960; and one letter from Richard D. Tucker, 1960. This material remains with lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers were donated in several accretions by Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman from 1954 to 2007. Letters were also loaned for microfilming in 1965, but nearly all of them were subsequently donated.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art patrons Michigan Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Philanthropists  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Typescripts
Photographs
Citation:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman Papers, 1837-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.fleilawr
See more items in:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw92905ad60-9c85-493f-90b7-272f1486ef69
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-fleilawr
Online Media:

Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers, 1837-1984, bulk 1935-1979

Creator:
Fleischman, Lawrence Arthur, 1925-1997  Search this
Subject:
Sellers, Charles Coleman  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston  Search this
Richardson, Constance  Search this
Pollack, Peter  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Bailey, Grace  Search this
Arms, John Taylor  Search this
Allston, Washington  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Culver, Charles B. (Charles Beach)  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Bailey, Truman E.  Search this
Krentzin, Earl  Search this
Gentle, Esther  Search this
Fleischman, Barbara  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
University of Michigan. Museum of Art  Search this
United States Information Agency  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Archives of American Art  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Milwaukee Art Center  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Typescripts
Photographs
Citation:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers, 1837-1984, bulk 1935-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art patrons Michigan Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Philanthropists  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10245
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213339
AAA_collcode_fleilawr
Theme:
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213339
Online Media:

William Howard Taft

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 23 × 15.4 cm (9 1/16 × 6 1/16")
Sheet: 35.1 × 25 cm (13 13/16 × 9 13/16")
Book open: 35.7 × 51.2 cm (14 1/16 × 20 3/16")
Book closed: 35.7 × 25.7 cm (14 1/16 × 10 1/8")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1928
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Pin\Tie pin  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Costume\Robe  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Joanna Sturm
Object number:
NPG.81.164
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48ffa7367-8271-451f-b0f2-a5dc75e7c5f2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.81.164

Charles Evans Hughes

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Charles Evans Hughes, 11 Apr 1862 - 27 Aug 1948  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 23 × 15.3 cm (9 1/16 × 6")
Sheet: 34.8 × 24.7 cm (13 11/16 × 9 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1921
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Male  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
NPG.84.248
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b1316518-6e4b-4f41-b634-c9087a524119
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.84.248

Robert F. Kennedy

Artist:
Philippe Halsman, 02 May 1906 - 25 Jun 1979  Search this
Sitter:
Robert Francis Kennedy, 20 Nov 1925 - 6 Jun 1968  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 21.6 × 17.2 cm (8 1/2 × 6 3/4")
Sheet: 25.5 × 20.1 cm (10 1/16 × 7 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
c. 1962
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Male  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Literature\Writer  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Politics and Government\Campaign director  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Politics and Government\Brother of US President  Search this
Robert Francis Kennedy: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the Smithsonian American Art Museum/National Portrait Gallery Library
Object number:
S/NPG.77.188
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Philippe Halsman Archive
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f49ddcd3-0d2d-455f-8647-ab190e1f89bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.77.188

William Howard Taft

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 23.1 × 15.4 cm (9 1/8 × 6 1/16")
Sheet: 35 × 24.8 cm (13 3/4 × 9 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1908
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.287
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4face3e20-68ad-436b-8428-2eb385984266
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.287

Edwin Markham

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Edwin Markham, 23 Apr 1852 - 7 Mar 1940  Search this
Medium:
Brown-toned gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 22 × 16.9 cm (8 11/16 × 6 5/8")
Sheet: 38.3 × 30.1 cm (15 1/16 × 11 7/8")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1905
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Pin  Search this
Edwin Markham: Male  Search this
Edwin Markham: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Edwin Markham: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Edwin Markham: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Edwin Markham: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\School administrator\Principal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.291
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm40025a2b2-e521-4121-885a-f2c064615d80
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.291

Woodrow Wilson and his Cabinet

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Woodrow Wilson, 28 Dec 1856 - 3 Feb 1924  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo, 31 Oct 1863 - 1 Feb 1941  Search this
James Clark McReynolds, 3 Feb 1862 - 24 Aug 1946  Search this
Josephus Daniels, 18 May 1862 - 15 Jan 1948  Search this
David Franklin Houston, 17 Feb 1866 - 2 Sep 1940  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson, 02 Apr 1862 - 25 May 1934  Search this
William Cox Redfield, 18 Jun 1858 - 13 Jun 1932  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane, 15 Jul 1864 - 18 May 1921  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson, 07 Jun 1863 - 24 Nov 1937  Search this
Lindley Miller Garrison, 28 Nov 1864 - 19 Oct 1932  Search this
William Jennings Bryan, 19 Mar 1860 - 26 Jul 1925  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sight: 25.6 × 33.3 cm (10 1/16 × 13 1/8")
Mat: 33.5 × 39.5 cm (13 3/16 × 15 9/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1913
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Bouquet  Search this
Container\Vase  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Chandelier  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Muttonchops  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace\Mantel  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Male  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Literature\Writer  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University president  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University trustee  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\President  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Government official\Federal Reserve Chairman  Search this
James Clark McReynolds: Male  Search this
James Clark McReynolds: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Clark McReynolds: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
James Clark McReynolds: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
William Cox Redfield: Male  Search this
William Cox Redfield: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Male  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University president  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\Governor\New Jersey  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Nobel Prize  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Male  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Journalism and Media\Newspaper editor  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University trustee  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Male  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Texas  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Male  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Labor  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane: Male  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane: Journalism and Media\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
Lindley Miller Garrison: Male  Search this
Lindley Miller Garrison: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Male  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Journalism and Media\Newspaper editor  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
William Jennings Bryan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Nebraska  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Male  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive\Railroad  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Politics and Government\US Senator\California  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.299
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm41a30af22-549c-4def-bcbd-6fcee223172f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.299

Franklin Roosevelt and Cabinet

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 30 Jan 1882 - 12 Apr 1945  Search this
William Hartman Woodin, 27 May 1868 - 3 May 1934  Search this
Homer Stillé Cummings, 30 Apr 1870 - 10 Sep 1956  Search this
Claude Augustus Swanson, 31 Mar 1862 - 07 Jul 1939  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace, 7 Oct 1888 - 18 Nov 1965  Search this
Frances Perkins, 10 Apr 1880 - 14 May 1965  Search this
Daniel Calhoun Roper, 01 Apr 1867 - 11 Apr 1943  Search this
Harold Leclair Ickes, 15 Mar 1874 - 3 Feb 1952  Search this
James Aloysius Farley, 30 May 1888 - 9 Jun 1976  Search this
George Henry Dern, 8 Sep 1872 - 27 Aug 1936  Search this
Cordell Hull, 2 Oct 1871 - 23 Jul 1955  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 22.7 × 32.9 cm (8 15/16 × 12 15/16")
Sheet: 31.3 × 38.9 cm (12 5/16 × 15 5/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1933
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Handkerchief  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Home Furnishings\Telephone  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Home Furnishings\Clock  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace\Mantel  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag\National\United States\US  Search this
William Hartman Woodin: Male  Search this
William Hartman Woodin: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
William Hartman Woodin: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist  Search this
Homer Stillé Cummings: Male  Search this
Homer Stillé Cummings: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Homer Stillé Cummings: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
Homer Stillé Cummings: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Claude Augustus Swanson: Male  Search this
Claude Augustus Swanson: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
George Henry Dern: Male  Search this
George Henry Dern: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
George Henry Dern: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Mining  Search this
George Henry Dern: Politics and Government\Governor\Utah  Search this
George Henry Dern: Politics and Government\State Senator\Utah  Search this
James Aloysius Farley: Male  Search this
James Aloysius Farley: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
James Aloysius Farley: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
James Aloysius Farley: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General\US Postmaster General  Search this
James Aloysius Farley: Politics and Government\Campaign director  Search this
Cordell Hull: Male  Search this
Cordell Hull: Literature\Writer  Search this
Cordell Hull: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Cordell Hull: Politics and Government\US Senator\Tennessee  Search this
Cordell Hull: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Cordell Hull: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Tennessee  Search this
Cordell Hull: Nobel Prize  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Male  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Natural Resource Occupations\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Journalism and Media\Newspaper editor  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Journalism and Media\Magazine editor  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
Henry Agard Wallace: Science and Technology\Scientist\Agricultural  Search this
Harold Leclair Ickes: Male  Search this
Harold Leclair Ickes: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Harold Leclair Ickes: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
Harold Leclair Ickes: Politics and Government\Campaign director  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Senator\New York  Search this
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate  Search this
Frances Perkins: Female  Search this
Frances Perkins: Literature\Writer  Search this
Frances Perkins: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Frances Perkins: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Social reformer  Search this
Frances Perkins: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Labor  Search this
Daniel Calhoun Roper: Male  Search this
Daniel Calhoun Roper: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.300
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm464b51e1d-cb8c-4cd5-a1bd-de063bed412d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.300

Warren Harding and His Cabinet

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Warren Gamaliel Harding, 2 Nov 1865 - 2 Aug 1923  Search this
Andrew William Mellon, 24 Mar 1855 - 26 Aug 1937  Search this
Harry Micajah Daugherty, 26 Jan 1860 - 21 Oct 1941  Search this
Edwin Denby, 18 Feb 1870 - 08 Feb 1929  Search this
Henry Cantwell Wallace, 11 May 1866 - 25 Oct 1924  Search this
James John Davis, 27 Oct 1873 - 22 Nov 1947  Search this
Calvin Coolidge, 4 Jul 1872 - 5 Jan 1933  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 Aug 1874 - 20 Oct 1964  Search this
Albert Bacon Fall, 26 Nov 1861 - 30 Nov 1944  Search this
Will H. Hays, 5 Nov 1879 - 7 Mar 1954  Search this
John Wingate Weeks, 11 Apr 1860 - 12 Jul 1926  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes, 11 Apr 1862 - 27 Aug 1948  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 22.8 × 31.2 cm (9 × 12 5/16")
Sheet: 33.7 × 43.3 cm (13 1/4 × 17 1/16")
Mat: 55.9 × 71.1 cm (22 × 28")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1921
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Chandelier  Search this
Artwork\Portrait  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Home Furnishings\Clock  Search this
Container\Inkwell  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace\Mantel  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Male  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Male  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Literature\Writer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Government official  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Journalism and Media\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Public official\Mayor  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Male  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Male  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Journalism and Media\Newspaper publisher  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\State Senator\Ohio  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Insurance agent  Search this
Warren Gamaliel Harding: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Ohio  Search this
Harry Micajah Daugherty: Male  Search this
Harry Micajah Daugherty: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
Harry Micajah Daugherty: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Ohio  Search this
Edwin Denby: Male  Search this
Edwin Denby: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Edwin Denby: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
Henry Cantwell Wallace: Male  Search this
Henry Cantwell Wallace: Literature\Publisher  Search this
Henry Cantwell Wallace: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
James John Davis: Male  Search this
James John Davis: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
James John Davis: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Labor  Search this
Albert Bacon Fall: Male  Search this
Albert Bacon Fall: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Albert Bacon Fall: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
Albert Bacon Fall: Politics and Government\US Senator\New Mexico  Search this
Will H. Hays: Male  Search this
Will H. Hays: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Will H. Hays: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General\US Postmaster General  Search this
Will H. Hays: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive\Entertainment\Motion pictures  Search this
Will H. Hays: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Male  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Officer  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Business and Finance\Banker  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Science and Technology\Surveyor  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\Public official\Mayor  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Science and Technology\Engineer\Civil engineer  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\Civil servant\Fire Chief  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Military and Intelligence\Soldier\Volunteer  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Male  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Business and Finance\Financier  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist\Patron of the arts  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Visual Arts\Art collector  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.301
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm46a2137f8-7472-44e2-8e40-3f98d2e9f885
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.301

Calvin Coolidge and His Cabinet

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Calvin Coolidge, 4 Jul 1872 - 5 Jan 1933  Search this
Andrew William Mellon, 24 Mar 1855 - 26 Aug 1937  Search this
Harlan Fiske Stone, 11 Oct 1872 - 22 Apr 1946  Search this
Curtis Dwight Wilbur, 10 May 1867 - 08 Sep 1954  Search this
Howard Mason Gore, 12 Oct 1887 - 20 Jun 1947  Search this
James John Davis, 27 Oct 1873 - 22 Nov 1947  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover, 10 Aug 1874 - 20 Oct 1964  Search this
Hubert Work, 3 Jul 1860 - 14 Dec 1942  Search this
Harry Stewart New, 31 Dec 1858 - 09 May 1937  Search this
John Wingate Weeks, 11 Apr 1860 - 12 Jul 1926  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes, 11 Apr 1862 - 27 Aug 1948  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 22.8 × 32.7 cm (9 × 12 7/8")
Sheet: 34.2 × 46 cm (13 7/16 × 18 1/8")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
December 1924
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Chandelier  Search this
Printed Material\Map  Search this
Artwork\Portrait  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Home Furnishings\Clock  Search this
Container\Inkwell  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Goatee  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Male  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Herbert Clark Hoover: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Male  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Literature\Writer  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Government official  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Journalism and Media\Journalist\Columnist  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Public official\Mayor  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\Lieutenant Governor\Massachusetts  Search this
Calvin Coolidge: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Curtis Dwight Wilbur: Male  Search this
Curtis Dwight Wilbur: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Male  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Charles Evans Hughes: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
James John Davis: Male  Search this
James John Davis: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
James John Davis: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Labor  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Male  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Officer  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Business and Finance\Banker  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Science and Technology\Surveyor  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\Public official\Mayor  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Science and Technology\Engineer\Civil engineer  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Politics and Government\Civil servant\Fire Chief  Search this
John Wingate Weeks: Military and Intelligence\Soldier\Volunteer  Search this
Harry Stewart New: Male  Search this
Harry Stewart New: Journalism and Media\Newspaper publisher  Search this
Harry Stewart New: Journalism and Media\Newspaper publisher  Search this
Harry Stewart New: Journalism and Media\Newspaper editor  Search this
Harry Stewart New: Journalism and Media\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Harry Stewart New: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General\US Postmaster General  Search this
Harry Stewart New: Politics and Government\US Senator\Indiana  Search this
Harry Stewart New: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster  Search this
Hubert Work: Male  Search this
Hubert Work: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
Hubert Work: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General\US Postmaster General  Search this
Harlan Fiske Stone: Male  Search this
Harlan Fiske Stone: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
Harlan Fiske Stone: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Harlan Fiske Stone: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
Howard Mason Gore: Male  Search this
Howard Mason Gore: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
Howard Mason Gore: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\Board of Education  Search this
Howard Mason Gore: Politics and Government\Governor\West Virginia  Search this
Howard Mason Gore: Politics and Government\Government official\Commissioner\Agriculture  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Male  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Business and Finance\Financier  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist\Patron of the arts  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Visual Arts\Art collector  Search this
Andrew William Mellon: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Industrialist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.302
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm492cdce55-7490-4fcb-ba77-7b9a01e33262
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.302

Woodrow Wilson and His Cabinet

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Woodrow Wilson, 28 Dec 1856 - 3 Feb 1924  Search this
David Franklin Houston, 17 Feb 1866 - 2 Sep 1940  Search this
Alexander Mitchell Palmer, 04 May 1872 - 11 May 1936  Search this
Josephus Daniels, 18 May 1862 - 15 Jan 1948  Search this
Edwin Thomas Meredith, 23 Dec 1876 - 17 Jun 1928  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson, 02 Apr 1862 - 25 May 1934  Search this
Joshua Willis Alexander, 1852 - 1936  Search this
John Barton Payne, 26 Jan 1855 - 24 Jan 1935  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson, 07 Jun 1863 - 24 Nov 1937  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker, 3 Dec 1871 - 25 Dec 1937  Search this
Bainbridge Colby, 22 Dec 1869 - 11 Apr 1950  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 23 × 33.1 cm (9 1/16 × 13 1/16")
Sheet: 35.6 × 43.5 cm (14 × 17 1/8")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
March 1, 1921
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Artwork  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Bouquet  Search this
Container\Vase  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Home Furnishings\Clock  Search this
Container\Inkwell  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace\Mantel  Search this
Alexander Mitchell Palmer: Male  Search this
Alexander Mitchell Palmer: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Male  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Literature\Writer  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University president  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University trustee  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\President  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Government official\Federal Reserve Chairman  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Male  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University president  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\Governor\New Jersey  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Nobel Prize  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Male  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Journalism and Media\Newspaper editor  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University trustee  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Male  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Texas  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Male  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Labor  Search this
John Barton Payne: Male  Search this
John Barton Payne: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Barton Payne: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist\Patron of the arts  Search this
John Barton Payne: Law and Law Enforcement\Jurist  Search this
John Barton Payne: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
Joshua Willis Alexander: Male  Search this
Joshua Willis Alexander: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Edwin Thomas Meredith: Male  Search this
Edwin Thomas Meredith: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker: Male  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker: Politics and Government\Public official\Mayor\Cleveland, OH  Search this
Bainbridge Colby: Male  Search this
Bainbridge Colby: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Bainbridge Colby: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.303
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm462db43df-e94c-45b0-8d8e-2e18f55f38cc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.303

Wilson and His Cabinet

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Josephus Daniels, 18 May 1862 - 15 Jan 1948  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson, 02 Apr 1862 - 25 May 1934  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker, 3 Dec 1871 - 25 Dec 1937  Search this
Thomas Watt Gregory, 06 Nov 1861 - 26 Feb 1933  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane, 15 Jul 1864 - 18 May 1921  Search this
William Cox Redfield, 18 Jun 1858 - 13 Jun 1932  Search this
Robert Lansing, 17 Oct 1864 - 20 Oct 1928  Search this
David Franklin Houston, 17 Feb 1866 - 2 Sep 1940  Search this
Woodrow Wilson, 28 Dec 1856 - 3 Feb 1924  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo, 31 Oct 1863 - 1 Feb 1941  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson, 07 Jun 1863 - 24 Nov 1937  Search this
Medium:
Brown-toned gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 33.3 × 23 cm (13 1/8 × 9 1/16")
Sheet: 44 × 33.1 cm (17 5/16 × 13 1/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
c. 1916
Topic:
Exterior  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Architecture\Column  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Muttonchops  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Male  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Literature\Writer  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University president  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University trustee  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\President  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
David Franklin Houston: Politics and Government\Government official\Federal Reserve Chairman  Search this
William Cox Redfield: Male  Search this
William Cox Redfield: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Male  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Literature\Writer  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University president  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Politics and Government\Governor\New Jersey  Search this
Woodrow Wilson: Nobel Prize  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Male  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Journalism and Media\Newspaper editor  Search this
Josephus Daniels: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\University administrator\University trustee  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Male  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Texas  Search this
Albert Sidney Burleson: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Male  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
William Bauchop Wilson: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Labor  Search this
Thomas Watt Gregory: Male  Search this
Thomas Watt Gregory: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane: Male  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane: Journalism and Media\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper  Search this
Franklin Knight Lane: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
Robert Lansing: Male  Search this
Robert Lansing: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert Lansing: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker: Male  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
Newton Diehl Baker: Politics and Government\Public official\Mayor\Cleveland, OH  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Male  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Business executive\Railroad  Search this
William Gibbs McAdoo: Politics and Government\US Senator\California  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.304
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm498d2009e-1eec-4ec6-92b4-d2da5ef9f5bc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.304

Taft and Members of Supreme Court

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Pierce Butler, 17 Mar 1866 - 16 Nov 1939  Search this
Louis Dembitz Brandeis, 13 Nov 1856 - 5 Oct 1941  Search this
George Sutherland, 25 Mar 1862 - 18 Jul 1942  Search this
Edward Terry Sanford, 23 Jul 1865 - 08 Mar 1930  Search this
Willis Van Devanter, 17 Apr 1859 - 08 Feb 1941  Search this
Joseph McKenna, 10 Aug 1843 - 21 Nov 1926  Search this
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., 8 Mar 1841 - 6 Mar 1935  Search this
James Clark McReynolds, 3 Feb 1862 - 24 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 22.9 × 33.1 cm (9 × 13 1/16")
Sheet: 31.9 × 43.3 cm (12 9/16 × 17 1/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
c. 1923
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Costume\Robe  Search this
James Clark McReynolds: Male  Search this
James Clark McReynolds: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Clark McReynolds: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
James Clark McReynolds: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
Willis Van Devanter: Male  Search this
Willis Van Devanter: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
Pierce Butler: Male  Search this
Pierce Butler: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Pierce Butler: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
Louis Dembitz Brandeis: Male  Search this
Louis Dembitz Brandeis: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Louis Dembitz Brandeis: Literature\Writer  Search this
Louis Dembitz Brandeis: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Male  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\State Supreme Court Justice\Massachusetts  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Literature\Writer\Legal  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Military and Intelligence\Soldier\Civil War\Union  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
Edward Terry Sanford: Male  Search this
Joseph McKenna: Male  Search this
Joseph McKenna: Politics and Government\Congressman  Search this
Joseph McKenna: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
George Sutherland: Male  Search this
George Sutherland: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
George Sutherland: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
George Sutherland: Politics and Government\US Senator\Utah  Search this
George Sutherland: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Utah  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.307
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43927f991-2314-4b29-85e7-99f932c66aca
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.307

Theodore Roosevelt and his Cabinet

Alternate Title:
Roosevelt and his Cabinet
Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Ethan Allen Hitchcock, 19 Sep 1835 - 9 Apr 1909  Search this
George Bruce Cortelyou, 26 Jul 1862 - 23 Oct 1940  Search this
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Elihu Root, 15 Feb 1845 - 7 Feb 1937  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt, 27 Oct 1858 - 6 Jan 1919  Search this
Leslie Mortimer Shaw, 02 Nov 1848 - 28 Mar 1932  Search this
William Henry Moody, 23 Dec 1853 - 02 Jul 1917  Search this
Charles Joseph Bonaparte, 09 Jun 1851 - 28 Jun 1921  Search this
James Wilson, 16 Aug 1835 - 26 Aug 1920  Search this
Victor Howard Metcalf, 10 Oct 1853 - 20 Feb 1936  Search this
Medium:
Brown-toned gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 25.7 x 42.3 cm (10 1/8 x 16 5/8")
Mount: 29.2 x 45.6 cm (11 1/2 x 17 15/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1 cm (22 x 28")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1906
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Bouquet  Search this
Container\Vase  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookcase  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Pince-nez  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Home Furnishings\Clock  Search this
Container\Inkwell  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Artist's Effects\Frame  Search this
William Henry Moody: Male  Search this
William Henry Moody: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
William Henry Moody: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
William Henry Moody: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
Victor Howard Metcalf: Male  Search this
Victor Howard Metcalf: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
Ethan Allen Hitchcock: Male  Search this
Ethan Allen Hitchcock: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
George Bruce Cortelyou: Male  Search this
George Bruce Cortelyou: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
George Bruce Cortelyou: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General\US Postmaster General  Search this
George Bruce Cortelyou: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
Elihu Root: Male  Search this
Elihu Root: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Elihu Root: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Elihu Root: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
Elihu Root: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Elihu Root: Visual Arts\Visual arts administrator\Art museum administrator\Art museum trustee  Search this
Elihu Root: Nobel Prize  Search this
Elihu Root: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Think tank administrator  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
James Wilson: Male  Search this
James Wilson: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
Leslie Mortimer Shaw: Male  Search this
Leslie Mortimer Shaw: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
Leslie Mortimer Shaw: Politics and Government\Governor\Iowa  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Male  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\State Legislator\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Literature\Writer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Military and Intelligence\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resource Occupations\Explorer  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\Governor\New York  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Education and Scholarship\Scholar\Historian  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Natural Resource Occupations\Agriculturist\Rancher  Search this
Theodore Roosevelt: Nobel Prize  Search this
Charles Joseph Bonaparte: Male  Search this
Charles Joseph Bonaparte: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
Charles Joseph Bonaparte: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.308
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm452beb7cd-efb2-4d54-a5a0-8bc42a29984a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.308

Taft and His Cabinet

Artist:
Harris & Ewing Studio, active 1905 - 1977  Search this
Sitter:
William Howard Taft, 15 Sep 1857 - 8 Mar 1930  Search this
Franklin MacVeagh, 22 Nov 1837 - 6 Jul 1934  Search this
George Woodward Wickersham, 19 Sep 1858 - 25 Jan 1936  Search this
George Von Lengerke Meyer, 24 Jun 1858 - 9 Mar 1918  Search this
James Wilson, 16 Aug 1835 - 26 Aug 1920  Search this
Charles Nagel, 9 Aug 1849 - 1940  Search this
Walter Lowrie Fisher, 4 Jul 1862 - 9 Nov 1935  Search this
Frank Harris Hitchcock, 05 Oct 1867 - 25 Aug 1935  Search this
Jacob McGavock Dickinson, 30 Jan 1851 - 13 Dec 1928  Search this
Philander Chase Knox, 6 May 1853 - 12 Oct 1921  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 31.9 × 41.1 cm (12 9/16 × 16 3/16")
Sheet/Mount: 38.3 × 46.9 cm (15 1/16 × 18 7/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1911
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Bouquet  Search this
Container\Vase  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Neckwear\Tie  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Chandelier  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Home Furnishings\Clock  Search this
Container\Inkwell  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Printed Material\Calendar  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace\Mantel  Search this
William Howard Taft: Male  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\Government official  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Howard Taft: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice\Chief Justice of US  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Administrator\College administrator\Dean  Search this
William Howard Taft: Education and Scholarship\Educator\Professor\Law  Search this
Franklin MacVeagh: Male  Search this
Franklin MacVeagh: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Franklin MacVeagh: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
Franklin MacVeagh: Society and Social Change\Civic leader  Search this
George Woodward Wickersham: Male  Search this
George Woodward Wickersham: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
George Von Lengerke Meyer: Male  Search this
George Von Lengerke Meyer: Politics and Government\Public official  Search this
George Von Lengerke Meyer: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
George Von Lengerke Meyer: Military and Intelligence\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
George Von Lengerke Meyer: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General\US Postmaster General  Search this
George Von Lengerke Meyer: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
James Wilson: Male  Search this
James Wilson: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Agriculture  Search this
Charles Nagel: Male  Search this
Charles Nagel: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Charles Nagel: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Commerce  Search this
Charles Nagel: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Labor  Search this
Frank Harris Hitchcock: Male  Search this
Frank Harris Hitchcock: Politics and Government\Government official\Postmaster\Postmaster General  Search this
Jacob McGavock Dickinson: Male  Search this
Jacob McGavock Dickinson: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of War  Search this
Philander Chase Knox: Male  Search this
Philander Chase Knox: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Philander Chase Knox: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\US Attorney General  Search this
Philander Chase Knox: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
Philander Chase Knox: Politics and Government\US Senator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Walter Lowrie Fisher: Male  Search this
Walter Lowrie Fisher: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Walter Lowrie Fisher: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of Interior  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Aileen Conkey
Object number:
S/NPG.84.309
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4acc6213d-2af3-4fce-be1e-515d459ff291
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.84.309

Selections from the Philadelphia Museum of Art's Archives of American Art collection

Creator:
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Names:
Milch Galleries  Search this
Abbe, Robert  Search this
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Bartlett, Paul, 1881-1965  Search this
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Chagall, Marc, 1887-1985  Search this
Cortissoz, Royal, 1869-1948  Search this
Cox, Kenyon, 1856-1919  Search this
Curran, Charles C. (Charles Courtney), 1861-1942  Search this
De Creeft, José, 1884-1982  Search this
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer, 1851-1938  Search this
Eakins, Susan Macdowell  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel), 1864-1941  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Graham, John, 1887-1961  Search this
Haskell, Ernest, 1876-1925  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Ingersoll, R. Sturgis (Robert Sturgis), b. 1891  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
McCarter, Henry, 1866-1942  Search this
Mechlin, Leila, 1874-1949  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Mullikin, Mary Augusta, 1874-1964  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Roberts, George B., Mrs  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970  Search this
Sloan, John, 1871-1951  Search this
Valentin, Curt, 1902-1954  Search this
Walker, Hudson D. (Hudson Dean), 1907-1976  Search this
Zigrosser, Carl, 1891-  Search this
Extent:
4 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Place:
China -- Description and Travel
Date:
1866-1968
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, printed material, writings, and other personal papers collected by Carl Zigrosser and Leila Mechlin and later added to by others, all relating to American art.
REELS P10-P11 and P14: Letters to Leila Mechlin, Henry Schnakenberg and Hudson Walker. Correspondents include Robert Abbe, John Taylor Arms, Cecelia Beaux, Paul Bartlett, Gifford Beal, Paul Cadmus, Charles Curran, Royal Cortissoz, Kenyon Cox, Philip Evergood, John David Graham, Reginald Marsh, Joseph Pennell, John Sloan and many others. Some letters include printed material and photographs. Mechlin material includes writings, photographs and letters from Mary Augusta Mullikin describing her life and travels in China, 1933. Also included are letters from Adolph Dehn and Jose de Creeft to Juliana Force; from Ernest Haskell and Kenneth Hayes Miller to Carl Zigrosser; miscellaneous letters from Marc Chagall, Thomas Wilmer Dewing, Louis Eilshemius and Childe Hassam; an autobiography of William Sartain; and material on Thomas Eakins, including letters, a list of expenses, 1867, and motion study material,including writings, sketches and photographs taken with a camera invented by Eakins.
REEL 4547: Charles Burchfield letters; Susan and Thomas Eakins material; Jacques Lipchitz correspondence; Henry McCarter letters; and Carl Zigrosser correspondence. The Burchfield letters consist of 41 items, 1929-1947, from Burchfield regarding exhibitions, sales, and his paintings. The Eakins material includes letters from Susan Eakins to the Milch Galleries, 1933-1935, regarding the sale of Thomas Eakins' work, receipts from the Milch Galleries, Thomas' expense book, ca. 1866, for daily living in Paris and Switzerland and an autographed account of expenses while at school in Paris, April 12, 1867, a photograph of Susan Eakins by Carl van Vechten, a photograph of Eakins, and 71 engraved portraits from the collection of Thomas Eakins.
The Lipchitz correspondence is with R. Sturgis Ingersoll regarding Lipchitz's commission for the sculpture "Prometheus." Also included are 8 letters from Curt Valentin to Ingersoll regarding Lipchitz. The McCarter material includes 66 letters, 1933-1942, some containing sketches, from McCarter to Mrs. George B. Roberts regarding paintings, frames, exhibitions, and offering painting advice. The Zigrosser correspondence is regarding the purchase of prints from the regional projects of the WPA for the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and later included in the exhibition "Between Two Wars" at the Whitney Museum of American Art. Included are invoices and inventories of the prints from the various offices.
Provenance:
Material on reels P10-P11 and P14 lent for microfilming, 1954, by the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Additional material on reel 4547 was microfilmed in 1991 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project. The idea for the archives originated with Carl Zigrosser, who donated material, solicited it from others (mainly Henry Schnakenberg, Leila Mechlin and Hudson Walker), or pulled it from the files of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The Museum continues to add to the collection. It is not connected to the Archives of American Art at the Smithsonian Institution.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Rights:
Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce requires written permission from Philadelphia Museum of Art Archives. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artists' writings  Search this
Motion study -- Photographs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.philmuss
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a2730a20-b93d-4840-8872-6bd20fe24b55
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-philmuss

George Gibbs

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
George Gibbs, 17 Jul 1815 - 09 Apr 1873  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 9.9 × 5.6 cm (3 7/8 × 2 3/16")
Mount: 10.3 × 6.2 cm (4 1/16 × 2 7/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
c. 1860
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drape  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Autograph  Search this
Photographic format\Carte-de-visite  Search this
Home Furnishings\Tablecloth  Search this
George Gibbs: Male  Search this
George Gibbs: Education and Scholarship\Scholar\Anthropologist\Ethnologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
S/NPG.77.177
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm45b8c8bc8-44aa-4323-bc52-9eb588d254d4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.77.177

Drawing new color lines transnational Asian American graphic narratives edited by Monica Chiu

Editor:
Chiu, Monica  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (369 pages) illustrations
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Criticism, interpretation, etc
Place:
United States
États-Unis
Asia
Asie
Date:
2015
Topic:
Graphic novels--History and criticism  Search this
Graphic novels  Search this
Asian Americans in literature  Search this
Romans graphiques--Histoire et critique  Search this
Romans graphiques  Search this
Américains d'origine asiatique dans la littérature  Search this
ART--Techniques--Drawing  Search this
ART--American--Asian American  Search this
International relations  Search this
Relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1156436

Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection

Artist:
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Names:
Benton, Elizabeth Cornell  Search this
Cornell, Robert  Search this
Extent:
196.8 Linear feet
186 Nitrate negatives
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Nitrate negatives
Photographs
Place:
New York, New York
Date:
1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972
Summary:
The Joseph Cornell Study Center collection measures 196.8 linear feet and dates from 1750 to 1980, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1972. Documenting the artistic career and personal life of assemblage artist Joseph Cornell (1903-1972), the collection is primarily made up of two- and three-dimensional source material, the contents of the artists' studio, his record album collection, and his book collection and personal library. The collection also includes diaries and notes, financial and estate papers, exhibition materials, collected artifacts and ephemera, photographs, correspondence, and the papers of Robert Cornell (1910-1965) and Helen Storms Cornell (1882-1966), the artist's brother and mother.
Scope and Contents:
The Joseph Cornell Study Center collection measures 196.8 linear feet and dates from 1750 to 1980, with the bulk of the material dating from 1930 to 1972. Documenting the artistic career and personal life of assemblage artist Joseph Cornell (1903-1972), the collection is primarily made up of two- and three-dimensional source material, the contents of the artists' studio, his record album collection, and his book collection and personal library. The collection also includes diaries and notes, financial and estate papers, exhibition materials, collected artifacts and ephemera, photographs, correspondence, and the papers of Robert Cornell (1910-1965) and Helen Storms Cornell (1882-1966), the artist's brother and mother.

Correspondence is with collectors, museums, galleries, artists, friends, family, charity organizations, admirers and those admired by Cornell, and World War II European pen pals. Discussions about the appreciation, donation, sale, purchase, and exhibition of Cornell's works are frequent, with the inclusion of shipping and loan documentation or notices of payment installments. Galleries and museums frequently request that Cornell agree to an exhibition, which he often declines, and fans request free works be mailed or affordable works be sold to them. With friends, artists, and those he admired, Cornell discussed topics that fascinate him, included bits of poetry or philosophical musings, sent clippings or a collaged letter, and occasionally discussed a project or work in process. After World War II, when so many were displaced by the war in Europe, Cornell answered ads for pen pals in the "Christian Science Monitor," often responding to requests for clothing or other goods, and sometimes exchanging many letters over several years. Family correspondence is with his mother, sisters, brother, and others, and often notes activities of the day, foods eaten, and general musings, as well as occasionally mentioning a project or artwork. Correspondents of note include Stan Brakhage, Betty Freeman, Charles Henri Ford, Allegra Kent, Yayoi Kusama, Roberto Matta, Marianne Moore, Octavio Paz, Sonia Sekula, Pavel Tchelitchew, Parker Tyler, Dorothea Tanning, and Betsy von Furstenberg, among others.

Cornell was often preoccupied with his thoughts, feelings, memories, a project or thematic "exploration," and jotted notes on seemingly any surface available. Notes and musings are on napkins, the backs of envelopes, newspaper clippings, and paper bags from record and magazine stores. Frequently, an observation would trigger a lengthy nostalgic moment, or a "feé," fairy-like child or girl, would capture his imagination and lead him to thoughts of 18th-century ballerinas and silent film stars. Cornell wrote longer diary notes, sometimes expanding on an earlier notation or emotion, and often wrote when he experienced trouble sleeping or woke early. Drafted letters to imaginary muses or admired individuals are interspersed among diaries, often revealing Cornell's yearnings to find emotional intimacy and human connection. Over time, Cornell revisited his notes and occasionally made further notations about renewed thoughts on a topic, dating the note with "revisited" or "reviewed." Notes are often written in a stream-of-consciousness style, for example, jumping from the mention of a record album or composer, to a ballerina of the same period, a note about a French poet, the memory of childhood, or an observation made earlier in the day, all in the space of a few lines. Notes about artistic processes or meanings behind works or images do occasionally emerge from the tangled, poetic notations. Notes also often provide insights into Cornell's internal emotional state and give clues about his intentions behind an artwork or a particular thematic fixation.

Financial materials document Cornell's professional and personal business activities, including the sale of artworks, annual expenses for supplies and household incidentals, payments and schedules for personal assistants, receipts for donations to charities and nonprofits, and tax documents. There is also information about who worked as assistants, or "helpers," in his later years and where Cornell purchased art supplies. Additionally, specific details are documented through receipts and invoices, such as what kind of paint he purchased. Estate records include preparations made for Cornell's artworks after his death, and clippings about other deceased artist's estates show that he thought often about such arrangements in his later years.

Exhibition files highlight several select solo exhibitions for Cornell, as well as preparations and planning for the "Robert Cornell: Memorial Exhibition" in honor of his brother in 1966. Also included are several early exhibition catalogs and announcements, including "Surréalisme" (January 9-29, 1932) and "Exhibition of Objects (Bibloquet) by Joseph Cornell" (December 6-31, 1939) at the Julien Levy Gallery, and "Romantic Museum: Portraits of Women, Constructions and Arrangements by Joseph Cornell" (December 1946) at the Hugo Gallery.

Film projects and collected film materials consist of files related to Cornell's various experimental film projects: "Aviary," "Cappuccino," "Centuries of June," "Fable for Fountains," "Nymphlight," "Serafina's Garden," and unrealized film scenario "Monsieur Phot." Files include film-making notes, correspondence, and photographs. Cornell's interest in film also led him to collect film-related materials, such as film stills, film posters, and screening programs. Scattered correspondence documents the interest other institutions and individuals had in purchasing and viewing his collection. Though most of his collected film stills and movie posters were donated to the Anthology Film Archives, film stills from "Escape Me Never" (1935) and "The Passion of Joan of Arc" (1928) are still within the collection, as well as film-screening programs for Cornell's collection of films.

Writing and design projects document Cornell's work authoring articles and designing issues of specialty dance magazine "Dance Index," and his layouts for popular magazines like "Good Housekeeping," "House and Garden," and "Mademoiselle." Other writing projects include brochures dedicated to opera singers Maria Malibran and Giulia Grisi, "Maria" and "Bel Canto Pet." Materials used for these brochures, such as copper photo engraving plates, are also found. Design work includes a series of Christmas cards created with The Museum of Modern Art as well as traced patterns ("textile tracings") and design clippings from Cornell's time working as a "textile designer" for Traphagen Commercial Textile Studio.

Cornell acquired troves of source material from bookstalls, antique stores, sporting good and department stores, hardware stores, and magazine and record shops. He kept boxes and files of material on admired individuals, such as actresses, artists, dancers, and singers, as well as on art projects or thematic "explorations." Files are on general topics such as American history, scientific phenomena, animals, plants, and humankind, as well as on series of artworks, such as "Castles," "Homage to the Romantic Ballet," and "Medici Slot Machines." Focused "exploration" projects include "Celestial Theatre," "Colombier," "GC 44," and "Switzerland," among others. Materials include photographs, photostats, maps, book fragments, autographed letters, notes, collage clippings and cutouts, collected prints and engravings, box and collage fragments, and scattered artifacts.

Collected ephemera includes large amounts of blank postcards and greeting cards, stamps, collected bus and train tickets, food labels and packaging, decals, and other materials. Artifacts are three-dimensional collected objects and source objects, which include found objects from the streets, dried flowers, and pieces of nature gathered from walks around his neighborhood. Cornell may have gathered materials because they inspired a memory or nostalgic feeling, or because they fit with a bin of other similar objects to select from for an artwork in progress.

Photographs found within the collection are of Cornell at work and as a child with family. Also found are assorted personal and family photographs, photographs of Cornell's attic and garage storage, and photographs of his Utopia Parkway house. Photographs of artwork include few installation photographs, in addition to photographs of Cornell's boxes and collages. Collected photographic materials include vintage photographs, such as tintypes, a cyanotype, stereoscopic glass slides, albumen prints, cabinet cards, and cartes-de-visite. Cornell also collected cased photographs, such as daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, and one opalotype. Negatives and photostats were often produced from various prints and even other photographs and used in Cornell's boxes and collages. Images are of men and women, actors, authors, dancers, performers, well-known men and women, royalty, places, and artwork. Photographs of note include those by Hans Namuth of Willem and Lisa de Kooning and of Edward Hopper's bedroom; photographs by Henri Cartier-Bresson; a photograph by Julia Margaret Cameron; photographs by Brassai; and a photogravure by Alfred Stieglitz from "Camerawork."

Also found in the collection are works of art by others, including a sketch by Pavel Tchelitchew, as well as artwork by Cornell, such as unfinished collages, Rorschach drawings or ink blots, and childhood artwork. Printed material includes assorted bulletins, flyers, exhibition materials for other artists, journals, and sent printed membership and charity materials. Magazines, including "View," are also included, and often have annotations by Cornell or a note to "cut" or "review" with page numbers. A large amount of magazine and newspaper clippings are in the collection, sometimes collected with a group of like material by Cornell, and at other times simply gathered in heaps. Occasional annotations are also found on the clippings.

Cornell's personal library and book collection includes over 2500 titles, ranging from fiction, poetry, and cinema, to history, science, and travel. Notable among the titles are "Baedeker's" travel guides that Cornell often sourced for his "Hotel" box series, as well as an influential publication by Max Ernst, "La Femme 100 têtes," which includes a typed letter and exhibition flyer tucked within. Books often have annotations, some fairly extensive, by Cornell, and assorted collected items, notes, and correspondence tucked between pages. Pages were often cut by Cornell, either to make photostats and use in a box, or to file with other thematic "explorations." A wide range of authors and topics provide insight into Cornell's interests and to ideas behind artwork and diary notes. Cornell's collection of record albums includes over 145 records. These contain inserted notes and clippings and are often referenced in diary notes Cornell made, noting a recent album or song listened to while at work in his studio.

The papers of Cornell's mother, Helen Storms Cornell, and his brother, Robert Cornell, are also included in the collection. Both lived with Cornell his whole life, spending the most time with him at their home at 3708 Utopia Parkway. Financial materials document shared responsibilities for billing, utilities, household fixes and chores, and expenditures, and Helen kept detailed financial records in a series of ledgers. Robert notes when he borrowed money from Cornell, or when he means to pay Cornell back for the purchase of a typewriter. Activities documented in diaries also occasionally cross paths with Cornell, noting his visitors or an exchange of letters continued after introductions through Cornell. Personal activities, such as Robert's interest in his train collection and his drawing projects and cartoon series, are also documented.
Arrangement:
The Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection is arranged into 15 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1917-1972 (Boxes 1, 98, OV118; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1813, 1934-circa 1973 (Boxes 1-8, 86; 6.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Diaries and Notes, 1940-1976 (Boxes 8-10, 98-99, 135, OV108, OV119; 3.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business and Estate Records, 1950-1978 (Boxes 10-14; 4.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, 1932-1973 (Box 14; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Film Projects and Collected Film Materials, circa 1924-1972 (Boxes 14-16, 100, 133; 1.6 linear feet)

Series 7: Writing and Design Projects, circa 1910s, 1936-1962 (Boxes 16-18, 86, 100, 131-132, OV109-OV111, OV120-OV122; 3.6 linear feet)

Series 8: Source Material, 1750-circa 1911, 1926-1972 (Boxes 19-49, 86-92, 96, 100-105, 126-130, 132-137, OV112-OV115, OV125; 42.2 linear feet)

Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera, 1768, circa 1839-1972 (Boxes 49-52; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 10: Photographic Material, circa 1800s-1972 (Boxes 52-56, 80-86, 93, 106, 128, 133, OV116, OV123-OV124; 7.5 linear feet)

Series 11: Artwork, circa 1810-1972 (Boxes 56-57, 107, OV117; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 12: Printed Material, 1855-1972 (Boxes 57-76, 94-96, 107; 16 linear feet)

Series 13: Book Collection and Personal Library, 1722-1980 (99.8 linear feet)

Series 14: Record Album Collection, circa 1925-1974 (3.2 linear feet)

Series 15: Cornell Family Papers, 1910-1980 (Boxes 77-79, 97, 107; 3.2 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Joseph Cornell (1903-1972) was a self-taught assemblage and collage artist, and filmmaker, active in New York City. He was born in Nyack, New York on December 24, 1903, and died of heart failure at his home in Queens, New York on December 29, 1972. The oldest of four children, he was born Joseph I. Cornell to his mother, Helen Storms Cornell (1882-1966), and his father, Joseph I. Cornell (1875-1917). Cornell had two younger sisters, Elizabeth ("Betty") Cornell Benton (1905-2000) and Helen ("Sissy") Cornell Jagger (1906-2001), as well as one brother, Robert Cornell (1910-1965), who had cerebral palsy.

Cornell attended the Phillips Academy, a preparatory boarding school in Andover, Massachusetts, beginning shortly after his father's death in 1917. He attended for four years but did not receive a diploma, and soon began work as a textile salesman for the William Whitman Company in Manhattan. His work took him, by foot, through the city, visiting secondhand bookshops on Fourth Avenue, browsing music stores and magazine shops, and catching early shows at the Metropolitan Opera House. He would occasionally wait outside the stage doors for favorite singers and dancers to emerge, requesting signatures on photographs or bits of costumes.

Around 1926, Cornell joined the Christian Science Church, joined by his brother Robert shortly thereafter, and both continued to be lifelong members. Cornell kept a number of books in his personal library on Christian Science teachings and regularly subscribed to "The Christian Science Monitor."

After living in several rental houses in Bayside, New York, Cornell's mother purchased a house for the family in 1929 in Flushing, Queens. Cornell, along with his mother and brother, would live at 3708 Utopia Parkway, for the rest of their lives. His two sisters soon married and moved away, eventually settling in Westhampton, Long Island and in the poultry-farming business.

With no formal art training to speak of, Cornell's first work was a Max Ernst-inspired collage, "Untitled (Schooner)," created in 1931. He was especially inspired by Ernst's collage novel, "La Femme 100 têtes," published in 1929. French artist Odilon Redon was also among the few artists Cornell named as an influence on his art. His first sculptural works were small, cardboard pill boxes with bits of ephemera, costume adornments, and nature hidden inside. Cornell also created a series of glass bell jar works, placing small trinkets and Victorian-era-like compositions within. It was these early collages and bell jar works that were included in Cornell's debut exhibition, "Surréalisme" (January 9-29, 1932), a group show at the Julien Levy Gallery. Cornell designed the announcement for the show and exhibited alongside Max Ernst, Man Ray, Pierre Roy, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, Eugène Atget, George Platt Lynes, Jean Cocteau, and Salvador Dalí. Months later, Cornell was invited to have his first solo show, "Objects by Joseph Cornell: Minutiae, Glass Bells, Shadow Boxes, Coups d'Oeil, Jouets Surréalistes" (November 26-December 30, 1932), also at the Julien Levy Gallery.

In 1932, after eleven years of work, Cornell was laid off from the William Whitman Company due to the Great Depression. Soon after, he took on more responsibility in the church, working part-time as an attendant in the Christian Science Reading Room in Great Neck, New York. Beginning in 1933, he taught Sunday school classes for three years and in 1935, became the Sunday school librarian. However, his religious activities and artistic ventures continued to remain separate.

In the early 1930s, Cornell progressed from movie lover to filmmaker. When Julien Levy began his New York Film Society in 1933, holding screenings of various experimental films in the gallery, Cornell began buying and collecting films and film stills in earnest. He set up a 16-millimeter projector in his home to screen favorites, such as those by Georges Méliès, D.W. Griffith, and Louis Feuillade. His collection quickly grew to over 2,500 film stills and several hundred films, and included silent era films, such as nature documentaries, goofy newsreels, travelogues, early cartoons, and slapstick comedies, as well as several feature films. In 1933, Cornell wrote a screenplay, or "scenario," entitled "Monsieur Phot." Between 1935 and 1937, Cornell also occasionally created publicity photomontages for Universal and Columbia studios. Of the nearly thirty films Cornell created, periods of activity can generally be separated into two areas: collage films of the late 1930s, consisting of combined elements from films in his own collection, and films he directed in the 1950s, which were collaborations with other filmmakers set in New York City. "Rose Hobart," Cornell's most celebrated collage film, was created and shown in the Julien Levy Gallery in 1936 and includes clipped footage from "East of Borneo." Later films were directed and filmed with cinematographers Stan Brakhage, Rudy Burckhardt, and Larry Jordan.

In 1934, Cornell began a job at the Traphagen Commercial Textile Studio as a "textile designer," a job he held for six years. Continuing to work at his kitchen table in the evenings, Cornell completed his first assemblage box construction, "Untitled (Soap Bubble Set)," in 1936. It was first exhibited at The Museum of Modern Art's show, "Fantastic Art, Dada and Surrealism" (December 9, 1936-January 17, 1937). This work was also the first to be acquired by a museum, purchased for $60.00 by the Wadsworth Atheneum in Massachusetts in 1938. Cornell's European debut was also in 1938, as one of three Americans represented in the "Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme" (January 17-Febuary 24, 1938) at the Galerie Beaux-Arts in Paris, alongside Man Ray and Anne Clark.

At the end of 1939, Cornell began corresponding with poet Charles Henri Ford, founder of avant-garde magazine "View," Pavel Tchelitchew, and Parker Tyler. After his "Soap Bubble Sets," this period saw the development of Cornell's homages to singers and actresses, including "Untitled (Fortune-Telling Parrot for Carmen Miranda)," the destroyed "Garbo (Greta Garbo in the Legendary Film 'The Crystal Mask,' c. 1845)," and "Dressing Room for Gilles." He also began using photostats of art reproduction prints, as with the print of Jean Antoine-Watteau's painting, "Pierrot" (circa 1719), used in his "Gilles" box.

In the 1940s, the Romantic ballet emerged as Cornell's new topic of interest. Through his friend Pavel Tchelitchew, Cornell was introduced to the School of American Ballet and New York City Ballet founders, Lincoln Kirstein and George Balanchine. Cornell collected dance memorabilia and had a great love of the Romantic ballet. His favorite dancers were primarily ballerinas of the nineteenth century, including Fanny Cerrito, Marie Taglioni, Fanny Elssler, Lucille Grahn, and Carlotta Grisi. Cornell's "Homage to the Romantic Ballet" works largely took the shape of jewel-box style wooden boxes with glass overlays and included bits of velvet, tulle, sequins, crystals, and chiffon, occasionally collected from dancers themselves. His most well-known work of this series is "Taglioni's Jewel Casket" (1940). Cornell also admired several living ballet dancers, including Tamara Toumanova, Zizi Jeanmaire, and Allegra Kent, who would all make their way into Cornell's box works and/or collages. Collecting for the "exploration," "Portrait of Ondine," Cornell's cased portfolio dedication to Fanny Cerrito and her role in the ballet "Ondine," began in the 1940s, though not completed until around 1960.

In late 1940, Cornell quit his job at Traphagen to concentrate on freelance commercial magazine design and editorial work during the day and his artwork at night. That same year, Charles Henri Ford started "View" magazine to promote Surrealists and Neo-Romantics in New York City and often asked Cornell to contribute. Published in the December 1941-January 1942 issue, one of his early contributions was a collage dedication to stage actress Hedy Lamarr: "Enchanted Wanderer: Excerpt from a Journey Album for Hedy Lamarr" (1941). Along with writing the accompanying text, he created a photomontage of Lamarr with her face overlaying the painted portrait of a Renaissance boy by Italian painter Giorgione. Peggy Guggenheim, at the advice of Marcel Duchamp, purchased multiple Cornell works prior to opening her new gallery, Art of This Century. Cornell also befriended Roberto Matta Echaurren, another Surrealist living in exile, who introduced him to Robert Motherwell.

After deciding to fully dedicate his time to his art in early 1940, he set up a studio in his basement. Complete with floor-to-ceiling wooden shelving, he kept his large collection of boxed source material stacked with handwritten labels in cardboard boxes. Themed folders of materials such as "Stamps" or "Maps" were kept in stacks and works in progress and finished works were stored in the basement, garage, and attic. Entering a renewed period of productivity, Cornell embarked on many new and important box projects in 1942. One of the first boxes created in his new basement studio, and the first of the "Penny Arcade" or "Medici Slot Machine" series, was "Medici Slot Machine" (1942), which includes a photostat of "Portrait of Marquess Massimiliano Stampa" (1557) by Sofonisba Anguissola. Another work from this time is the first of his "Castle" or "Palace" series, "Setting for a Fairy Tale" (1942), which uses a photostat of a French building from Jacques Androuet du Cerceau's book, "Les Plus excellents bastiments de France" (1576). "Untitled (Pharmacy)" (circa 1942) was the first of his "Pharmacy" series and included twenty-two apothecary jars. Cornell tended to work in series and created thirteen "Palace" boxes between 1942 and 1951, and ultimately created six "Pharmacy" works.

In 1943, Cornell began working at an electronics company, the Allied Control Company, Inc., to do his part to contribute to the defense effort during the war. He also sent correspondence and care packages to displaced Europeans, who listed their needs in "The Christian Science Monitor." Influenced by World War II, one of his strongest works to emerge in 1943 was "Habitat Group for a Shooting Gallery." Another notable work to come out of this period, "The Crystal Cage (Portrait of Berenice)," was an excerpt from one of his album "explorations" that was published in the January 1943 issue of "View."

Cornell left his job at Allied Control in 1944, but soon began working at the Garden Centre in Flushing, owned by a fellow Christian Scientist. Cornell was often nostalgic for this time in his life, devoting an entire "exploration" of material fondly remembered as "GC 44." He rode a bicycle to work and enjoyed collecting trips gathering dried grasses, driftwood, shells, and other relics of nature on the same bicycle as he rode through the streets of Queens. During this time, he continued to tend to his projects for "Dance Index," a magazine founded in 1942 by Lincoln Kirstein, but taken over by Donald Windham in 1944. Cornell designed several covers for the magazine and was given control of the entire summer 1944 issue, which he devoted to the Romantic ballet. He also devoted a special 1945 issue to Hans Christian Andersen, making great use of the New York Public Library Picture Collection.

Throughout the 1940s, Cornell continued to support himself with commercial design work for magazines like "Vogue," "Good Housekeeping," "Harper's Bazaar," "Town & Country," and "Mademoiselle." In 1946, after thirteen years at the Julien Levy Gallery, he joined the Hugo Gallery. In December 1946, Cornell's solo exhibition, "Romantic Museum at the Hugo Gallery: Portraits of Women by Joseph Cornell," celebrated his favorite movie stars, singers, and ballet dancers, and included his work created for the show, "Untitled (Penny Arcade Portrait of Lauren Bacall)." Cornell's "Greta Garbo" box, as well as "Souvenir for Singleton," an homage to Jennifer Jones and her role in the film "Love Letters," were also included in the show. In late 1948, his West Coast debut was in the exhibition, "Objects by Joseph Cornell," held at the Copley Gallery. The end of the 1940s saw the final issue of "View" magazine in 1947, the closure of the Julien Levy Gallery in April 1949, and Cornell's departure from the Hugo Gallery after his last show in November 1949.

In late 1949, Cornell joined the Charles Egan Gallery, known primarily for showing Abstract Expressionists. At this time, Cornell was working on a new series of boxes known as his "Aviary" works, most of which include a white-painted box with cutouts of birds mounted on wood. Though he had worked on bird-related boxes before, including an "Owl" series in the mid-1940s, his "Fortune Telling Parrot" (1939), and "Object 1941" (1941), these newer works were stripped of French elements and left "clean and abstract" by design. His first show at the Egan Gallery, "Aviary by Joseph Cornell" (December 7, 1949-January 7, 1950), included twenty-six "Aviary" works, nearly all created in 1949. Donald Windham agreed to write the foreword for the exhibition catalog, a single folded sheet, and Cornell gave him one of the boxes in the show, "Cockatoo: Keepsake Parakeet," in appreciation. Through the Egan Gallery, Cornell became friends with a new group of artists, including Franz Kline, Jack Tworkov, and Willem de Kooning. Cornell also held two screenings of a selection of his collected films at Subjects of the Artist, an art school founded by Robert Motherwell, Mark Rothko, David Hare, and William Baziotes.

In 1950, Cornell's second show at the Egan Gallery, "Night Songs and Other New Work" (December 1, 1950-January 13, 1951), introduced his new "Observatory" series. These works are largely defined by stark, whitewashed spaces with astronomical charts and constellations replacing colorful birds. The Museum of Modern Art purchased its first Cornell work from this show in early 1951, "Central Park Carrousel, in Memoriam" (1950).

For three months in 1951, Cornell was beset by various ailments and had trouble finding the energy to create new work. He worried more for his aging mother and the health of his brother. After a monthlong vacation with his sisters in Westhampton, he returned with renewed interest in Emily Dickinson's poetry. His whitewashed boxes took on a new form in his newest "Dovecote" series, using grids and circular cutouts. The works then transformed into homages to Dickinson, notably "Toward the Blue Peninsula: For Emily Dickinson" (circa 1953), and then to his "Hotel" series. Cornell's "Hotel" boxes include photostats of vintage European ads for hotels collected from vintage travel guides, especially "Baedeker's," adhered to the back walls of the boxes. Another new series of work, his "Juan Gris" series, was dedicated to Cubist artist Juan Gris. Between 1953 and the mid-1960s, Cornell created at least fifteen "Juan Gris" boxes, which often include a cutout of a white cockatoo in a Cubist-collage habitat. Cornell's third and last show at Egan Gallery, "Night Voyage" (February 10-March 28, 1953), included some of these newest works. After leaving Egan Gallery, his work was introduced to Chicago collectors in a solo show at the Frumkin Gallery, "Joseph Cornell: 10 Years of His Art" (April 10-May 7, 1953), which included nearly thirty pieces. Cornell's first museum retrospective was this same show held at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis (July 12-August 30, 1953).

As New York City continued to change, Cornell grew more nostalgic for the city he had explored since the 1920s. The impending closure of the Third Avenue El train prompted him to dream up a film project to capture its last days, resulting in "Gnir Rednow," a reworking of Stan Brakhage's 1955, "Wonder Ring." During this time, Cornell joined the Stable Gallery, run by Eleanor Ward, interacting often with Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, and Joan Mitchell, remaining there until the end of the 1950s. His astronomy-themed exhibition, "Winter Night Skies" (December 12, 1955-January 13, 1956), included his "Night Skies" series of work with celestial chart fragments, Greek mythological figures, and paint-splattered "windows" representative of star-filled night skies. In 1956, he became aware of ballerina Allegra Kent, and began a series of work devoted to her, the first of which was "Via Parmigianino (Villa Allegra)" (1956), which included a photostat of a painting by Parmigianino, "The Madonna of the Long Neck" (circa 1540). In late 1957, after two years, Cornell had his last show at Stable Gallery, "Joseph Cornell: Selected Works" (December 2-31, 1957), consisting of a series of "Sand Fountain" boxes and "Space Object" or "Celestial Navigation" works. The "Sand Fountain" boxes included different colors of sand meant to flow within, often from the tops into cordial glasses. His "Celestial Navigations" included galaxy-like compositions set within the boxes, with rolling, painted cork balls, metal rings, and constellation charts, sometimes hovering over cordial glasses or clay pipes. This last Stable Gallery show earned him his first published profile, written by Howard Griffin for the December 1957 issue of "Art News." Also in 1957, he won the Kohnstamm Prize for Construction at the Art Institute of Chicago's 62rd Annual Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture.

Towards the end of the 1950s, Cornell spent less time creating new bodies of work, and focused more on revisiting previous series and reviewing piles of collected source material. In 1959, Cornell returned to making collages, frequently sourcing popular magazines. In December 1959, Cornell was awarded $1,500 for his "Orion" collage, entered in the Art Institute of Chicago's "63rd American Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture." Also in December, he was offered a show at Bennington College in Vermont, which he titled, "Bonitas Solstitialis: Selected Works by Joseph Cornell and an exploration of the Colombier" (November 20-December 15, 1959). The show included one of his newest "explorations" of collected material related to "colombier," or pigeon houses.

By 1962, Cornell was working diligently on new collages, using Masonite boards and colorful magazine clippings. He also began creating collages using nude images interspersed with constellation clippings or hazy blue dyes. As in previous decades and art movements, Cornell became acquainted with new artists, spending less time in the city and more time hosting visitors at his Utopia Parkway home. Visitors included artists Walter De Maria, Robert Whitman, Andy Warhol, James Rosenquist, and Robert Indiana. Tony Curtis also became a frequent visitor and friend, introduced by Richard Feigen in 1964. The early 1960s was also the first time Cornell put out an advertisement for assistants in the "Long Island Star-Journal," employing a number of young men and women who helped organize clippings and run errands. Cornell also met Joyce Hunter, a young runaway waitress at a city coffee shop, who would occupy his thoughts and diary notes for the next several years. When she was murdered at the end of 1964, Cornell paid for her funeral. He went on to make several "Penny Arcade" collages in memoriam to her, including, "Penny Arcade (re-autumnal)" (1964).

In 1964, Cornell began friendships with several women including artist Carolee Schneeman, who was his first assistant in the early 1960s. He also met artist Yayoi Kusama through art dealer Gertrude Stein. After becoming friends, she visited him often and they exchanged letters and notes. As he did with other artist friends, Cornell supported her by purchasing several of her early watercolor paintings, and they stayed connected until his death in 1972.

Cornell's life greatly changed in 1965 with the death of his brother, Robert. By this time, his mother lived with his sister in Long Island, and Cornell was alone in the Utopia Parkway house for the first time. He exchanged frequent letters and phone calls with his mother and devoted much time to thinking about Robert and Joyce, often aligning them in his diary notations. Cornell also created a series of collages dedicated to his brother's memory, incorporating photostats of Robert's hundreds of drawings into Cornell's work, as with the later collage, "The Heart on the Sleeve" (1972). Cornell's "Time Transfixed" series of collages were also dedications to Robert's memory, referencing Magritte and Robert's love of trains. He mounted an exhibition, "Robert Cornell: Memorial Exhibition" (January 4-29, 1966), at the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery, where he showed Robert's artwork alongside his newly created collage dedications.

After Robert's death, Cornell relied more heavily on assistants, going through many part-time "helpers." In October 1966, Cornell's mother died, adding her to his constant thoughts and diaries. Though he was still grieving, he was given two major retrospectives in 1967. The first was at the Pasadena Art Museum, put on by James Demetrion and Walter Hopps, "An Exhibiton of Works by Joseph Cornell" (January 9-February 11, 1967). The second retrospective was at the Guggenheim Museum just three months later, "Joseph Cornell" (May 4-June 35, 1967), organized by Diane Waldman. After these shows, he was highlighted in the December 15, 1967 issue of "Life" in the article, "The Enigmatic Bachelor of Utopia Parkway."

In 1968, Cornell was given an "award of merit," which included a medal and $1,000, by the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. He was also given a medal and $1,000 by the Brandeis University Creative Arts Awards in the painting category, along with an exhibition. Days later, "The New York Times" announced Cornell the winner, along with Donald Judd, of India's first Triennale of Contemporary World Art. The Brandeis exhibition, "Boxes and Collages by Joseph Cornell" (May 20-June 23, 1968), was organized by William Seitz and concentrated on Cornell's more recent 1960s collages. Cornell was also included in the Metropolitan Museum of Art's hundredth anniversary show, "New York Painting and Sculpture: 1940 to 1970" (October 18, 1969-February 1, 1970), where twenty-two of Cornell's boxes were shown in their own gallery. At the end of 1970, Cornell was given a solo show at the Metropolitan, "Collages by Joseph Cornell" (December 10, 1970-January 24, 1971), which included forty-five of his newest collages.

Now preferring to stay closer to his home in Flushing, Cornell was more interested in sharing his art with young adults and children, than an adult audience. He hosted a group of high school students, sponsored by the Metropolitan Museum of Art's education department, at his home in conjunction with his collage show (1970-1971). He also showed his work in the art department of Queens College of the City University of New York. Cornell still hosted visitors on occasion, having Yoko Ono and John Lennon at his home at least once. Leila Hadley, Betsy von Furstenberg, and Anne Jackson also made frequent visits. With his deteriorating health, Cornell worried about what would happen to his work after his death and hired lawyer Harry Torczyner to help him plan his estate and get his affairs in order.

In 1972, Cornell had a show at the Cooper Union, a college in New York, specifically for children. He displayed his boxes and collages at child-height and had cherry soda and brownies at the opening reception on February 10. He then held a show at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery in Buffalo, also for children: "Children's Preview of the Exhibition of Joseph Cornell – Collages and Boxes (April 18-June 17, 1972). In the winter of 1972, at the request of the Phoenix House drug treatment and prevention program, Cornell contributed to a charity project compiling limited-edition lithographic prints for a portfolio, which included artists like David Hockney, James Rosenquist, and Ellsworth Kelly.

On December 29, 1972, a week after turning sixty-nine, Cornell died of heart failure at his home. He was cremated and interred near the graves of his mother, father, and brother, overlooking the Hudson River in Nyack, New York.

Works Cited:

1. Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe. "Joseph Cornell: Navigating the Imagination." New Haven, Connecticut and London: Yale University Press, 2007. Exhibition Catalog.

2. McShine, Kynaston. "Joseph Cornell." New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1980.

3. San Francisco Cinematheque and The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "Joseph Cornell: Films." 2007. Exhibition Program. (Presented in conjunction with SFMOMA's exhibition of "Joseph Cornell: Navigating the Imagination").

4. Schaffner, Ingrid and Lisa Jacobs. "Julien Levy: Portrait of an Art Gallery." Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: The MIT Press, 1998.

5. Solomon, Deborah. "Utopia Parkway: The Life and Work of Joseph Cornell." New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1997.
Separated Materials:
The Smithsonian Archives of American Art houses the Joseph Cornell papers, 1804-1986, bulk 1939-1972.
Provenance:
The Joseph Cornell Study Center collection was donated to the Smithsonian American Art Museum by Joseph Cornell's sister and brother-in-law, Elizabeth Cornell Benton and John A. Benton, in 1978, which prompted the creation of the Joseph Cornell Study Center. Additional materials were donated in installments by the artist's estate, the Joseph and Robert Cornell Memorial Foundation, from 1985 to 1997. Elizabeth and John A. Benton originally donated 66 linear feet of three-dimensional and non-textual source material and 50 linear feet of books to the Smithsonian Archives of American Art, which were subsequently transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum's Joseph Cornell Study Center in 1994 and 1995.
Restrictions:
Access to the collection requires an advanced appointment. Contact collection staff at least two weeks prior to preferred date, at AmericanArtCornellStudy@si.edu.

Series 9: Artifacts and Ephemera, Series 13: Personal Library and Book Collection, and Series 14: Record Album Collection, are still undergoing processing and preservation and may not be available for research use. Record albums are unavailable for playback. Contact collection staff for full lists of publications and record albums.
Rights:
Unpublished materials are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.
Occupation:
Collagists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Assemblage (Art)  Search this
Assemblage artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Found objects (Art)  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Celebrities  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Photographs -- 1860-1870 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver albumen -- Cartes-de-visite
Photographs -- Daguerreotypes -- 1840-1860
Citation:
Joseph Cornell Study Center collection, 1750-1980, bulk 1930-1972. Joseph Cornell Study Center, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Identifier:
SAAM.JCSC.1
See more items in:
Joseph Cornell Study Center Collection
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Research and Scholars Center
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ih7d97fc249-474d-41bf-953d-5305df1e4c06
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-saam-jcsc-1

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