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Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko

Creator:
Harrow, Gustave  Search this
Names:
Mark Rothko Foundation  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York (State). Attorney General's Office  Search this
Annenberg, Walter H., 1908-  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Extent:
34.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1957-1986
Summary:
The Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko measure 34.6 linear feet and date from 1957-1986. The records document the case brought by the New York State Attorney General's Office as cross-petitioner to the case brought by Rothko's daughter Kate, against the executors of Rothko's estate, Frank Lloyd and the Marlborough Gallery, for mismanagement and self-dealing. There are also records related to Harrow's writings about the case. Lastly, included in the collection are materials relating to art law issues in connection with the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Scope and Contents:
New York State Attorney General Gustave Harrow's records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko consist of legal and other documentation of the state's case in connection with the Mark Rothko Estate and Foundation, from Surrogate Court through appeals, as well as from Harrow's writings about the case, both during and after the trial. Various trial documents include affidavits, briefs, EBTs (examination before trial) trial transcripts, motions, depositions, notes and clippings, and miscellaneous records related to the case and post-trial activities. Also found are reference materials, Harrow's writings in connection with the case.

Unrelated to the Rothko case are Harrow's research materials for possible legal actions by the state in connection with Walter Annenberg's proposed donation of a Communication Center to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and with other issues including donations, object authenticity and the Packard Collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 7 series.

Series 1: General Files, 1957-1981, undated

Series 2: Motions, 1971-1979, undated

Series 3: Decisions, 1970-1979, undated

Series 4: Appeals Documents, 1972-1979, undated

Series 5: Miscellaneous Case and Post-Trial files, 1972-1984, undated

Series 6: Reference Materials, Notes and Writings, 1970-1986

Series 7: Metropolitan Museum of Art / Walter Annenberg Etc., 1971-1981, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Gustave Harrow was a New York State Assistant Attorney General, and an adjunct professor in the Graduate Program in Arts Administration at NYU. Abstract Expressionist Artist Mark Rothko died on February 25, 1970 leaving the bulk of his estate, including 798 paintings (the greater part of his life's work) to the Mark Rothko Foundation which he had created shortly before his death. His daughter Kate [Rothko Prizel] brought suit against the estate executors and Marlborough Gallery for self-dealing, fraud, and conspiring with Marlborough owner, Frank Lloyd to waste the assets of the estate. The state of New York Attorney General's Office, represented by Harrow, joined the case as a cross-petitioner on behalf of the people of New York's interest as beneficiaries of the charitable Foundation. The case resulted in the return of most of the paintings, the removal of the executors (accountant Bernard Reis, artist Theodoros Stamos, and anthropology professor Morton Levine), and a $9.2 million judgment against them and Frank Lloyd. The case had a lasting effect on laws dealing with artists' estates, and Harrow was instrumental in framing a bill that aimed at reducing fraud in the fine arts market. Harrow wrote about the Rothko Estate case in several articles and in the 1979 book Art, the Artist, and the Consequences of Rothko: Lasting Legal Impressions from the Estate of Great Artist.
Related Materials:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are the Mark Rothko Foundation records, 1976-1987; Legal records relating to Richard Serra v. United States General Services Administration et al., 1985-1987.

The Archives of American Art interviewed multiple artists as part of the Mark Rothko and His Times Oral History Project. Many of the interviews reference Rothko and his work, and relationships with the artist.

The Legal records relating to Richard Serra v. United States General Services Administration et al., 1985-1987 contains documentation of another lawsuit handled by Gustave Harrow.
Separated Materials:
Another small collection (11 items) of Mark Rothko papers were loaned to the Archives for microfilming on reel 3135. The papers were in the possession of George Carson, husband of Rothko's ex-wife Edith Carson. Carson gave the papers to the Mark Rothko Foundation and gave the Archives of American Art permission to microfilm them. The microfilm is available at Archives of American Art offices and through interlibrary loan but are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko were donated to the Archives of American Art by Marilynn Karp March 23, 1996. Mr. Harrow had deposited the papers with Ms. Karp, a colleague of Harrow's at New York University where he was an adjunct professor.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recording with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference services for more information.
Rights:
The Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Decedents' estates -- New York (State)  Search this
Law and art -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko, 1957-1986, undated. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.harrgust2
See more items in:
Gustave Harrow legal records relating to the Estate of Mark Rothko
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-harrgust2

Artist, authorship & legacy : a reader / edited by Daniel McClean

Title:
Artist, authorship and legacy : a reader
Editor:
McClean, Daniel  Search this
Physical description:
398 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Art
Date:
2018
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Copyright  Search this
Copyright--Moral rights  Search this
Law and art  Search this
Art--Expertising  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1104861

Art, artifact, & architecture law / Jessica L. Darraby

Title:
Art, artifact, and architecture law
Author:
Darraby, Jessica L  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2002
C2002
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Architects--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Copyright--Art  Search this
Cultural property--Protection--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF4288 .D37 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_853997

Art, artifact & architecture law / Jessica L. Darraby

Author:
Darraby, Jessica L  Search this
Physical description:
l v. (loose-leaf) ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
C1995
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Architects--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Copyright--Art  Search this
Cultural property--Protection--Law and legislation  Search this
Call number:
KF4288 .D37
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_888950

Art law : the guide for collectors, investors, dealers, and artists / Ralph E. Lerner, Judith Bresler

Author:
Lerner, Ralph E. 1943-  Search this
Bresler, Judith  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. (lxiii, 2291 p.) : ill., forms ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2005
C2005
Topic:
Law and art  Search this
Art--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_799195

Cold War civil rights : race and the image of American democracy / Mary L. Dudziak

Author:
Dudziak, Mary L. 1956-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 330 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2000
C2000
20th century
1945-1989
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Racism--Political aspects--History  Search this
Democracy--History  Search this
Cold War--Social aspects  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Political aspects  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_627253

Art law. 1993 supplement : rights and liabilities of creators and collectors / 1993 supplement prepared by Susan Duke Biederman

Author:
Duke Biederman, Susan  Search this
Weil, Stephen E  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 524 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1993
C1993
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Law and art  Search this
Call number:
NK390.A7 F45 1993 Supp
KF390.A7 D95 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_652598

The Columbia journal of law & the arts

Title:
Journal of law & the arts
Law & the arts
Columbia journal of law and the arts
Journal of law and the arts
Law and the arts
Author:
Columbia University School of Law  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 26 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
2001
C2001-
Topic:
Law and art  Search this
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
KF390.A7 A7
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_697497

Art law : the guide for collectors, investors, dealers, and artists / Ralph E. Lerner, Judith Bresler

Author:
Lerner, Ralph E. 1943-  Search this
Bresler, Judith  Search this
Practising Law Institute  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill., forms ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Law and art  Search this
Art--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
KF390.A7 L616 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_541857

Art law : the guide for collectors, investors, dealers, and artists / Ralph E. Lerner, Judith Bresler

Author:
Lerner, Ralph E. 1943-  Search this
Bresler, Judith  Search this
Practising Law Institute  Search this
Physical description:
xxiii, 478 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Law and art  Search this
Art--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
KF390.A7 L616 1992
KF390.A7L616 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_442903

The deskbook of art law / Leonard D. DuBoff, Sally Holt Caplan

Author:
DuBoff, Leonard D  Search this
Caplan, Sally Holt  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. (loose-leaf) : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1993
C1993-
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Law and art  Search this
Call number:
KF4288 .D82 1993
KF4288 .D88 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_453821

Legal guide for the visual artist / Tad Crawford

Author:
Crawford, Tad 1946-  Search this
Physical description:
255 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
C1995 [i.e. 1994]
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
KF390.A7 C73 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_477252

Art, artifact & architecture law / Jessica L. Darraby

Title:
Art, artifact and architecture law
Author:
Darraby, Jessica L  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (loose-leaf) ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
C1995-
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Architects--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Copyright--Art  Search this
Cultural property--Protection--Law and legislation  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_477688

The visual artist's business and legal guide / compiled and edited by Gregory T. Victoroff ; a presentation of the Beverly Hills Bar Association, Committee for the Arts

Author:
Victoroff, Gregory T (Gregory Timothy) 1954-  Search this
Beverly Hills Bar Association Committee for the Arts  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 338 p. : ill., forms ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Artists--Handbooks, manuals, etc  Search this
Art--Marketing  Search this
Forms (Law)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_490693

Art law : rights and liabilities of creators and collectors / Franklin Feldman, Stephen E. Weil ; with the collaboration of Susan Duke Biederman

Author:
Feldman, Franklin  Search this
Duke Biederman, Susan  Search this
Weil, Stephen E  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1986
C1986
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Law and art  Search this
Call number:
KF390.A7 F312l 1986
KF390.A7 F45 1986
KF390.A7F312l 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_302011

Law, ethics, and the visual arts / John Henry Merryman, Albert E. Elsen

Author:
Merryman, John Henry  Search this
Elsen, Albert Edward 1927-  Search this
Physical description:
2 v.: ill.; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1987
Topic:
Law and art--Cases  Search this
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc--Cases  Search this
Cultural property--Protection--Law and legislation--Cases  Search this
Call number:
KF4288.A7M47 1987X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_319513

Legal guide for the visual artist / Tad Crawford

Author:
Crawford, Tad 1946-  Search this
Physical description:
v, 213 p. : ill., forms ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1987
C1987
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
KF390.A7 C73X 1987
KF390.A7C73X 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_329867

Art law : rights and liabilities of creators and collectors : 1988 supplement / Franklin Feldman, Stephen E. Weil ; with the collaboration of Susan Duke Biederman

Author:
Feldman, Franklin  Search this
Weil, Stephen E  Search this
Duke Biederman, Susan  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 332 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1988
C1988
Topic:
Law and art  Search this
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
KF390.A7 F3121988 Suppl
KF390.A7F312 1988 Suppl
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_381059

The rights of authors and artists : the basic ACLU guide to the legal rights of authors and artists / Kenneth P. Norwick and Jerry Simon Chasen, with Henry R. Kaufman

Author:
Norwick, Kenneth P  Search this
Chasen, Jerry Simon  Search this
Kaufman, Henry R  Search this
American Civil Liberties Union  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 208 p. ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1984
1984, c1983
Topic:
Authors--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
KF390.A96N67 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_382699

The deskbook of art law : 1984 supplement / by Leonard D. DuBoff

Author:
DuBoff, Leonard D  Search this
Physical description:
330 p. (in various pagings) ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1984
C1984
Topic:
Artists--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Law and art  Search this
Call number:
KF4288 .D8 1984 Suppl
KF4288 .D881
KF4288.D8 1984 Suppl
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_264767

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