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Wolff Gallery records

Creator:
Wolff Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Names:
Ebner, Tim, 1953-  Search this
Ericson, Kate  Search this
Mentor, Will, 1958-  Search this
Wolff, Jamie  Search this
Ziegler, Mel, 1956-  Search this
Extent:
6.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1981-1993
Summary:
The Wolff Gallery records measure 6.2 linear feet and date from 1981 to 1993. The records document the gallery's operations through administrative files and artist files.
Scope and Contents:
The Wolff Gallery records measure 6.2 linear feet and date from 1981 to 1993. The records document the gallery's operations through administrative files and artist files.

Administrative files include an annotated agenda book, guest books signed by visitors to the gallery, consignment records, several press releases, and checklists of artists whose slides were reviewed by Wolff Gallery staff.

Artist files include documentation related to Michael Abrams, Gary Bachman, Cora Cohen, Pierluigi Consaga, Tim Ebner, Kate Ericson and Mel Ziegler, Gaylen Geber, Pam Glick, Will Mentor, John Torreano, Richard Wentworth, and others. Records include inventory cards, correspondence, exhibition material, slides, photographs and transparencies, and printed matter.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as two series.

Series 1: Administrative Files, 1984-1991 (Box 1-2; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Artist Files, 1981-1993 (Box 2-7; 4.7 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
The Wolff Gallery was an art gallery specializing in contemporary art that operated from the mid-1980s to early-1990s.

The gallery was initially located in the East Village of New York City. 1987, when Jamie Wolff co-owned the gallery with Jane Gekler, Wolff Gallery moved from the East Village to 560 Broadway, in the Soho neighborhood of Manhattan.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1994 by gallery founder Jamie Wolff.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Citation:
Wolff Gallery records, 1981-1993. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.wolfgall
See more items in:
Wolff Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wolfgall

Ruth White Gallery records

Creator:
Ruth White Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Names:
Castanis, Muriel, 1926-2006  Search this
Gelb, Jan, 1906-1978  Search this
Kohlmeyer, Ida, 1912-1997  Search this
Seligmann, Kurt, 1900-1962  Search this
Skaling, Audrey  Search this
Extent:
7.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1933-1974
bulk 1956-1970
Summary:
The Ruth White Gallery records measure 7.1 linear feet and date from 1933 to 1974, with the bulk of the records dating from 1956 to 1970. Administrative records document the running of the gallery, and artist files shed light on the gallery's dealings with artists including Sylvia Bernstein, Jules Engel, Ida Kohlmeyer, Kurt Seligmann, Audrey Skaling, and many others.
Scope and Contents:
The Ruth White Gallery records measure 7.1 linear feet and date from 1933 to 1974, with the bulk of the records dating from 1956 to 1970. Administrative records document the running of the gallery, and artist files shed light on the gallery's dealings with artists including Sylvia Bernstein, Jules Engel, Ida Kohlmeyer, Kurt Seligmann, Audrey Skaling, and many others.

Administrative records include inventories, correspondence, provenance records, financial and shipping records, printed material, price lists, and photographs of artwork and exhibitions. Also found are gallery and museum files containing similar records, that document the gallery's relationship with other businesses and art institutions.

Artist files consist of biographical summaries and resumes, correspondence, some writings, price lists, invoices, exhibition ephemera, newspaper clippings, photographs of artwork, and scattered photos of artists.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as two series.

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1940-1974, bulk 1956-1970 (Box 1-3; 2.1 linear feet)

Series 2: Artist Files, 1933-1974, bulk 1956-1970 (Box 3-7, OV 8; 5 linear feet)
Biographical / Historical:
The Ruth White Gallery was established in 1956 near Central Park in New York City, and specialized in contemporary art. The gallery was affiliated with artists such as Muriel Castanis, Mildred Crooks, Jan Gelb, Ida Kohlmeyer, Ce Roser, Kurt Seligman, and Audrey Skaling. Kohlmeyer and Castanis had their first solo exhibitions at the gallery in 1959 and 1968 respectively, and Skaling and Kohlmeyer were both personal friends of Ruth White.
Separated Materials:
Material lent for microfilming on reel 34, Scrapbooks, 1956-1967, containing notices, clippings, and articles about artists represented by the gallery, was returned to the donor and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by the Ruth White Gallery between 1969 and 1975.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York
Citation:
Ruth White Gallery records, 1933-1974. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ruthwhit
See more items in:
Ruth White Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ruthwhit

Oral history interview with Victoria Barr

Interviewee:
Barr, Victoria  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Extent:
222 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1977 January 11-February 18
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Victoria Barr conducted 1977 January 11-February 18, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art.
Barr recalls how she became very interested in theater set and lighting design; the thrill of learning about Greek history and myths and her painting being influenced by dance; studying graphic design and advertising at Parsons School of Design and Cy Sillman as a teacher; at Yale, Neil Welliver influencing her to become a painter; her first trip to Europe with her parents at the age of 14 and spending time with Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, and Henri Matisse; fellow Yale students Victor Moscoso, Eva Hesse, Sylvia Mangold, Bob Mangold, and Louise Nevelson; moving to Aspen, Colorado in 1961 and how her brief experience with marijuana influenced her painting more than anything previously; the family friendship with Philip Johnson and building the Glass House in New Canaan, Connecticut; spending time with Johnson, Meis van der Rohe and Phyllis Lambert during the construction of the Seagram Building in Montreal, Canada; Vincent Scully and Bill McDonald as teachers at Yale; visiting Peggy Guggenheim in Venice; going to Budapest, Hungary 1963, right after the Cuban Missile Crisis, to make a film; being awarded the Fulbright to go to France in 1964; her trip to Greece on scholarship and how at home she felt; that it is no longer relevant to paint from nature; meeting Lillian Lynn and becoming great friends; moving back to New York in 1966 and working for the Museum of Natural History in the exhibits department; her work becoming less painterly, more abstract; beginning her teaching career at Barnard College in 1967; the upheaval of student riots at Columbia University and her involvement in the Peace Movement; moving to stain painting; vacationing in Santa Fe, New Mexico and the hippie culture there; how her trip to India in 1971 influenced her to use more color and primitive motifs in her work; embracing the Women's Liberation Movement; summers in Long Island and her trip to Bali. Barr also recalls Gwen Davies, John McAndrew, Alexander Calder, Chick Austin, Sydney Friedberg, Leo Steinberg, Peggy Guggenheim, Diana Cowan, Bob Chamberlain, Joey Cabell, Peter Blum, Marino Marini, Ben Shahn, Mark Rothko, Jack Tworkov, Fritz Bultman, Alice Katz, Jim Brooks, Willem de Kooning, Jasper Johns, Mark Rauschenberg, Jim Rosenquist, Claes Oldenburg, Bernard Berenson, Millard Meiss, Sydney Freedburg, Aline Saarinen, John Johansen, Jim Sobey, Nancy Graves, Richard Serra, Robert Fiore, Philip Glass, Peter Worshall, Michael Helminski, Marcia Tucker, Elke Solomon, Joan Snyder, Nancy Azara, Jane Kaufman, Pat Steir, Susan Hall, and John Giorno.
Biographical / Historical:
Victoria Barr (1937- ) is a set designer and painter from New York, New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 6 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 12 digital wav files. Duration is 10 hr., 6 min.
Sound quality is poor.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
This transcript is open for research. Access to the entire recording is restricted. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Set designers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women designers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.barr77
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-barr77

Joellen Bard's, Ruth Fortel's, and Helen Thomas' exhibition records of Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s

Creator:
Bard, Joellen  Search this
Names:
14 Sculptors Gallery  Search this
Amos Eno Gallery  Search this
Association of Artist-run Galleries  Search this
Brata Gallery  Search this
Camino Gallery  Search this
Hansa Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
James Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Noho Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Pleiades Gallery  Search this
Tanager Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Ward-Nasse Gallery  Search this
Fortel, Ruth  Search this
Thomas, Helen  Search this
Extent:
0.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Photographs
Date:
1953-1977
Summary:
Joellen Bard's, Ruth Fortel's, and Helen Thomas' exhibition records of The Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1953-1977. The collection documents the research for, and organization of, this exhibition held at Amos Eno Gallery, 14 Sculptors Gallery, Noho Galley, Pleiades Galley, and Ward-Nasse Gallery, December 20, 1977 through January 7, 1978. Records consist of a grant proposal and related documentation; printed material including an exhibition catalog and poster; research files including 35-mm color slides and photographs; and 2 scrapbooks containing biographical information, printed matter, and photographs of works of art relating to the corollary exhibition, Tenth Street in 1977.
Scope and Content Note:
Joellen Bard's, Ruth Fortel's, and Helen Thomas' exhibition records of The Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1953-1977. The collection documents the research for, and organization of, this exhibition held at Amos Eno Gallery, 14 Sculptors Gallery, Noho Galley, Pleiades Galley, and Ward-Nasse Gallery, December 20, 1977 through January 7, 1978. Records consist of a grant proposal and related documentation; printed material including an exhibition catalog and poster; research files including 35-mm color slides and photographs; and 2 scrapbooks containing biographical information, printed matter, and photographs of works of art relating to the corollary exhibition, Tenth Street in 1977.

Series 1: Exhibition records of Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s, 1953-1977 (0.4 linear ft.) documents the exhibition that was held December 20, 1977 through January 7, 1978 at Amos Eno Gallery, 14 Sculptors Gallery, Noho Gallery, Pleiades Gallery, and the Ward-Nasse Gallery. Included are the grant proposal, resumes, budget, and background information on the Association of Artist-Run Galleries, exhibition catalog and other printed matter, and congratulatory telegram from John Krushenick. Research files concerning Brata Gallery, Camino Gallery, Hansa Gallery, James Gallery, and Tanager Gallery contain a variety of printed items and historical notes. Of particular interest are administrative records of Camino Gallery that include its articles of agreement and minutes; and a reminiscence of Craig Hazlet who funded Tanager Gallery for 5 years, by daughter Sally Hazlet Drummond. Research files also include artist address lists, responses to a questionnaire about Tenth Street galleries circulated by Bard, and general printed matter about Tenth Street galleries and artists. Additional exhibition records consist of 35-mm color slides of works of art, and small number of black and white photographs of galleries and artists.

Series 2: Records of Tenth Street in 1977, December 20, 1977-January 8, 1978 (0.25 linear ft.) relates to the corollary exhibition shown at Landmark Gallery, Inc., December 20, 1977 through January 8, 1978. Records consist of 2 disbound scrapbooks, arranged alphabetically by artist, that contain biographical information, miscellaneous printed matter, and photographs of works of art.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 2 series. Material in Series 1 is arranged chronologically within each folder. Series 2 is arranged alphabetically by artist.

Missing Title

Series 1: Records of -- Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s -- , 1953-1977 (Box 1 and OV; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 2: Records of -- Tenth Street in 1977 -- , 1977 (Box 2; 0.25 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Tenth Street between Third and Fourth Avenues, was an artist community that was home to many of the first generation Abstract Expressionists. The neighborhood was also home to The Club and the Cedar Tavern. After 1953, many of younger artists--the second and third generations of Abstract Expressionists--came to live and work near Tenth Street. They organized and ran a number of cooperative galleries that became an important focus and provided much needed exhibition opportunities for the large number of young artists lured to New York City in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Researched and organized by painter and art instructor Joellen Bard, Ruth Fortel and Helen Thomas in co-operation with the Association of Artist-Run Galleries and Pleiades Gallery, Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s, was held at Amos Eno Gallery, 14 Sculptors Gallery, Noho Galley, Pleiades Galley, and Ward-Nasse Gallery, December 20, 1977 through January 7, 1978. A corollary exhibition, Tenth Street in 1977, was shown at Landmark Gallery, Inc., December 20, 1977 through January 8, 1978. An expanded version of the exhibition was circulated by The Gallery Association of New York State.
Provenance:
Gift of Joellen Bard, coordinator of the Association of Artist-Run Galleries and curator of Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s, 1977-1978.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Group work in art -- United States -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art, American -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art, Modern -- Exhibitions  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women art dealers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Joellen Bard's, Ruth Fortel's, and Helen Thomas' exhibition records of Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s, 1953-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bardjoel
See more items in:
Joellen Bard's, Ruth Fortel's, and Helen Thomas' exhibition records of Tenth Street Days: The Co-ops of the 50s
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bardjoel
Online Media:

Louise Bourgeois papers

Creator:
Bourgeois, Louise, 1911-2010  Search this
Names:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Extent:
695 Items (Reels 54 and 90)
0.4 Linear feet (Unmicrofilmed)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1922-1994
Scope and Contents:
UNMICROFILMED: Printed matter, 1945-1994, and undated, including exhibition catalogs and announcements, notices of meetings of The Club, Venice Biennale admission card, Cafe de Flore menu, and clippings; and 26 b&w photographs (copyprints) of Bourgeois, family and friends, and her work, 1922-1953 and undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Louise Bourgeois (1911-2010) was a sculptor, born and educated in Paris and later came to New York.
Related Materials:
Also in the Archives is material lent for microfilming including (reels 54 and 90) including circa 500 drawings and sketches; prints, portraits, correspondence, including a letter from Rene d'Harnoncourt, catalogs, clippings, printed material, and miscellany.
Provenance:
Donated by Louise Bourgeois in 1994. Papers on microfilm were lent by Bourgeois in 1971.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information. Microfilm portion must be consulted on microfilm. Use of unmicrofilmed portion requires an appointment.
Rights:
Photographs: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce must be obtained from Wendy Williams, Managing Director, Louise Bourgeois Studio. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
AAA.bourloup
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bourloup

Ruth Bowman papers

Creator:
Bowman, Ruth, 1923-  Search this
Names:
American Association of Museums  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Canadian Museums Association  Search this
Craft and Folk Art Museum  Search this
KUSC (Radio station : Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Long Beach Museum of Art  Search this
Los Angeles County Museum of Art  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York University  Search this
Newark Museum  Search this
WNYC (Radio station : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Anshutz, Thomas Pollock, 1851-1912  Search this
Bengelsdorf, Rosalind, 1916-1979  Search this
Bolotowsky, Ilya, 1907-1981  Search this
Burkhardt, Hans Gustav, 1904-1994  Search this
Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906  Search this
Diller, Burgoyne, 1906-1965  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Ferren, John, 1905-1970  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Holtzman, Harry  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram, 1913-2003  Search this
Levine, Les, 1935-  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973  Search this
MacDonald, Duncan (Broadcaster)  Search this
Mason, Alice Trumbull, 1904-1971  Search this
McNeil, George, 1908-1995  Search this
Morris, George L. K., 1905-1975  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Sloan, Helen Farr, 1911-2005  Search this
Wilfred, Thomas, 1889-1968  Search this
Extent:
26.7 Linear feet
21.99 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Scripts (documents)
Date:
1936-2006
bulk 1963-1999
Summary:
The papers of art historian and museum educator Ruth Bowman are dated 1936-2006, bulk 1963-1999, and measure 26.7 linear feet and 21.99 GB. Professional correspondence and subject files document Bowman's relationships with colleagues and reflect her interests, activities including curatorial work, and accomplishments as a museum educator. Writings and related research materials include her thesis,"Thomas Pollock Anshutz, 1851-1912" (M.A., Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1971), and unfinished projects. Also found are interviews conducted by Bowman with a wide range of individuals for a variety of purposes.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art historian and museum educator Ruth Bowman are dated 1936-2006, bulk 1963-1999, and measure 26.7 linear feet and 21.99 GB. Professional correspondence and subject files document Bowman's relationships with colleagues and reflect her interests, activities including curatorial work, and accomplishments as a museum educator. Writing and related research materials include her thesis, "Thomas Pollock Anshutz, 1851-1912" (M.A., Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1971), and unfinished projects. Also found are interviews conducted by Bowman with a wide range of individuals for a variety of purposes.

Biographical materials consist of certificates, resumes, and a few photographs of Ruth Bowman. Correspondence concerns Bowman's professional activities and interests. Among the most frequent correspondents are: American Association of Museums, Craft and Folk Art Museum (Los Angeles), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, and The Museum of Modern Art.

Writings by Ruth Bowman, published and unpublished, include a thesis and articles about Thomas Pollock Anshutz, catalogs for American Federation of Arts and The Newark Museum exhibitions, lectures, as well as articles about museum education and visual arts programs. Research relates to her writings about Anshutz, and to unrealized projects concerning Anshutz, Cézanne, Eakins, Picasso, and other subjects. Also found are two brief writings about Bowman.

Subject files--general subjects, artists' files, Ruth Bowman activities, and "Sunrise Semester"--contain the majority of Bowman's professional correspondence along with printed material, writings, photographs, and sound recordings. Among the most thoroughly documented general subjects are: The Brooklyn Museum's Trustees Retreat, Canadian Museums Association, a 1981 Craft Symposium, International Network for the Arts, Long Beach Museum of Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, "Museum Directors' Forum", New York University Art Collection, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Council for the Arts. Artists' files are comprised mainly of printed material with a small amount of correspondence and some photographs. The Les Levine file consists of the first issue of Art-Rite featuring a brief article about Levine on its cover; Thomas Wilfred's file includes information about Lumia. Ruth Bowman activities include lectures, radio and television appearances, and participation in professional events. "Sunrise Semester," a collaboration between CBS television and New York University, offered early morning courses for college credit. Ruth Bowman was the instructor for "20th Century American Art," which is documented by general information, scripts, and sound recordings of all 46 classes.

Interviews conducted by Bowman are with English museum administrators and educators; people knowledgeable about a controversial proposal for an Annenberg Fine Arts Center at The Metropolitan Museum of Art; guests on KUSC radio shows "Sounds of Seeing" and "Live from Trump's"; and guests on the WNYC radio program "Views on Art." Interviews with miscellaneous individuals include Josef Albers, Hans Burkhardt, Carl Holty, Isamu Noguchi, and Helen Farr Sloan. Bowman interviewed a dozen American abstract artists, including Ilya Bolotowsky, Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne, Burgoyne Diller, John Ferren, Carl Holty, Harry Holtzman, Ibram Lassaw, Jacques Lipchitz, Alice Mason, George McNeil, George L. K. Morris, and Ad Reinhardt for a thesis on the subject, but eventually wrote on a different topic. Two interviews with Bowman were conducted by Duncan MacDonald and an unidentified interviewer.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 5 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1964-1984 (Box 1; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1963-1996 (Box 1; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings and Related Research, 1942-1999 (Boxes 1-3; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Subject Files, 1936-2006 (Boxes 3-12, 26; 9.6 linear feet)

Series 5: Interviews, 1963-1989 (Boxes 12-25; 9.2 linear feet, ER01-ER70; 21.99 GB)
Biographical / Historical:
Ruth Bowman (b. 1923) is an art historian and museum educator who worked in New York City and Los Angeles. She is known for her interest in using new communications technology for museum education, discovering Arshile Gorky's long forgotten murals at Newark Airport, and expertise in the work of Thomas Anshutz.

A graduate of Bryn Mawr College (B.A. 1944), where she had studied art history and classical archaeology, Ruth Bowman began a museum career in New York as an assistant curator at the Jewish Museum in the early 1960s. From 1963-1974 Ruth Bowman served as curator of the York University Art Collection and was involved in its transition to the Grey Art Gallery and Study Center. Bowman wrote her master's thesis on Philadelphia artist Thomas Pollock Anshutz and received a degree from the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University in 1971. During this same period, she was a staff lecturer at The Museum of Modern Art and taught art history in divisions of New York University. She was the instructor for a "Sunrise Semester" 20th century American art course broadcast nationally on CBS.

In 1974 Bowman and her family moved to California and she began an association with the Los Angeles County Museum of Art as Director of Education. She attended summer courses in arts administration at Harvard University (1975) and similar training provided by the British Arts Council (1976). She taught at University of California Santa Barbara, as well as at California State University at Fullerton and Long Beach. Bowman was active in the Council of the American Association of Museums (vice president), the Craft and Folk Art Museum in Los Angeles (vice president), and has served as a consultant to several museums and a corporate collection.

Ruth Bowman with her friend Harry Kahn (1916-1999) developed a collection of self-portraits by 20th century American artists, which she donated to the National Portrait Gallery in 2002. Mrs. Bowman is the widow of R. Wallace Bowman and currently resides in New York City.
Provenance:
Donated by Ruth Bowman in 2004.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
Research material including correspondence, writings and notes, photographs, and printed material on Cezanne, Thomas Eakins, and Picasso: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Ruth Bowman. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art, American -- 20th century  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Scripts (documents)
Citation:
Ruth Bowman papers, 1936-2006, bulk 1963-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bowmruth2
See more items in:
Ruth Bowman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bowmruth2
Online Media:

Isabel Case Borgatta papers

Creator:
Borgatta, Isabel Case, 1922-  Search this
Extent:
334 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1978
Scope and Contents:
Family and business correspondence (much of which relates to the subject of women in the arts); manuscripts of speeches and lectures, including "The Sexual Role in Artistic Sensibility;" financial statements; career résumés and awards; photographs and slides of her works, exhibition catalogues, announcements, clippings, and other printed papers.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor, educator, and lecturer (New York City)
Provenance:
Donated 1978 by Isabel Case Borgatta.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.borgisab
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-borgisab

Oral history interview with Lee Bontecou

Interviewee:
Bontecou, Lee, 1931-  Search this
Interviewer:
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.) -- Students  Search this
Brooklyn College -- Faculty  Search this
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Bellamy, Richard  Search this
Brackman, Robert, 1898-  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Doyle, Tom  Search this
González, Julio, 1876-1942  Search this
Hesse, Eva, 1936-1970  Search this
Stankiewicz, Richard, 1922-1983  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
118 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2009 January 10
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Lee Bontecou conducted 2009 January 10, by Dore Ashton, for the Archives of American Art, at Knoedler and Company, in New York, New York.
Bontecou speaks of her interest in art as a young child and her parents' encouragement and influences; her two years at community college before studying painting then sculpture under William Zorach at the Arts Students League in New York City; her time working, living and studying in Rome though the Fulbright Scholarship; her abstracted figural works in Rome influenced by ancient Greek and Roman sculpture; her exploration in Europe of non-American influences and her admiration of the strong design sense in Italy; returning to the United States and working in the New York City art scene and exhibiting her works at Leo Castelli's Gallery; different techniques including welding and vacuum forming; meeting her husband, Bill Giles, and raising her daughter, Vallie, in New York City; leaving New York City and the Castelli Gallery for Pennsylvania and the ability to experiment in her artwork; teaching at Brooklyn College where she worked with Morris Dorsky and enjoyed a wide range of students; her lack of affiliation with art movements, including Pop Art; her illness and her current work; and her strong belief that an M.F.A. is useless and that young artists have to make themselves. Bontecou also recalls Robert Brackman, Julio Gonzales, Alexander Calder, Richard Bellamy, Gabriel Kahn, Richard Stankewiczs, Tom Doyle, Eve Hesse, Sandra and Jack Beale, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Lee Bontecou (1931- ) is a sculptor and printmaker from New York, New York. Bontecou studied at the Art Students League of New York and taught at Brooklyn College.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 10 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 42 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Sculpture -- Technique  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.bontec09
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bontec09

Lili Blumenau collection

Creator:
Blumenau, Lili  Search this
Names:
Exposition universelle et internationale (1958 : Brussels, Belgium)  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Blumenau, Lili  Search this
Extent:
2 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1958
Scope and Contents:
A photograph (b&w) of Lili Blumenau at work at a loom, taken by David Vestal, undated; and a certificate "In Recognition of Public Service" issued by the United States Department of State to Blumenau for her "assistance in the American program for the Brussels Universal and International Exhibition, 1958."
Biographical / Historical:
Fiber artist.
Provenance:
Donated 2001 by the American Craft Museum as part of the Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America. [It is unclear to the Museum why the documents were in their files, and there is not indication whether the photograph was taken at the Brussels Exhibition or whether the two items are related.]
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Fiber artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Weavers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women textile artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.blumlili
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blumlili

Dorothy Block papers

Creator:
Block, Dorothy, 1904-1984  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Freilich, Michael Leon, 1912-1975  Search this
Grotz, Dorothy  Search this
Kaldis, Aristodimos, 1899-1979  Search this
Keila, Louis, 1883-1954  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Von Schlegell, William, 1877-1950  Search this
Extent:
0.7 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 1 reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1920-1985
Scope and Contents:
REEL 3481: Biographical data; Block's memoirs and writings on the Federal Art Project, William von Schlegell, and women artists; letters from Aristodemos Kaldis, Jacob Lawrence and others; photographs of Block, her family, von Schlegell, Kaldis, Michael Freilich, and others; 15 photographs of her paintings; a scrapbook containing reproductions of famous paintings annotated by Block for children; exhibition announcements and catalogs; clippings; and miscellany. Also included are 11 drawings by Block of sculpture busts executed by her uncle Louis Keila; a photograph of a sculpture by Keila; and 2 clippings on Keila.
UNMICROFILMED: Biographical material, including a copy of Block's Art Students League transcript for the years 1920-1930, an award, and obituary; letters, from Dorothy Grotz, 1979, and Aristodimos Kaldis, 1978; an article by Block, "Some Thoughts on Where We Stand," which appeared in Women & Art, 1972; clippings, 1958-1980; exhibition announcements and catalogs from Block's private and group shows, 1952-1982 and from other shows, 1968-1971; and 18 photographs of art works by Block.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Microfilmed papers donated 1975-1977 by Dorothy Block and her sister, Lillian MacKendrick. Unmicrofilmed papers donated 1990 by Robert Dublirer, widower of Dorothy Block.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.blocdoro
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blocdoro

Lucile Blanch papers

Creator:
Blanch, Lucile, 1895-1981  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1924-1972
Scope and Contents:
The Lucile Blanch papers measure 0.4 linear feet and date from 1924-1972. Included is correspondence and photographs of Lucile and family members.
Biographical / Historical:
Lucile Blanch (1895-1981) was painter and lithographer in Woodstock, N.Y.
Separated Materials:
Also in the Archives is material lent for microfilming on reel 1003 and includes a sketchbook; 46 drawings, prints and reproductions of Blanch's work; illustrations fom W. H. Hudson's GREEN MANSIONS; 3 scrapbooks containing clippings, reproductions of her work, exhibition material, photographs, and letters; miscellaneous printed material. This material was returned to the lender after microfilming.
Provenance:
Material on reel 1033 lent for microfilming in 1975 by Lucile Blanch. Correspondence on frames 297-410 was subsequently donated in 1976 by Blanch. Additional correspondence and photographs donated in 2021 by Nancy Lundquist, a relative of Lucile Blanch.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Etchers -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.blanluci
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blanluci

Nell Blaine letters to Robert A. Wilson

Creator:
Blaine, Nell, 1922-1996  Search this
Names:
Wilson, Robert A.  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1963-1995
Scope and Contents:
Letters from Blaine to friend and New York bookseller Robert A. Wilson, 1964-1995, together with a small amount of exhibition announcements and printed material.
Biographical / Historical:
Blaine is a painter and printmaker; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated 1997 by Robert A. Wilson, friend of Nell Blaine.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women printmakers  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.blainell2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blainell2

Harriet Blackstone papers

Creator:
Blackstone, Harriet, 1864-1939  Search this
Names:
Anderson, Stell  Search this
Chase, Joseph Cummings, 1878-1965  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Dewing, M. O. (Maria Oakey), 1855-1927  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer, 1851-1938  Search this
Hobart, Alice Tisdale, 1882-1967  Search this
Holbrook, Florence  Search this
Landis, Mary  Search this
Laurens, Jean-Paul, 1838-1921  Search this
McCullough, Esther Morgan  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Wunder, Richard P.  Search this
Extent:
5.4 Linear feet
5.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Date:
1870-1984
1870-1984
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Harriet Blackstone date from 1870-1984 and measure 5.4 linear feet. The collection provides documentation of Harriet Blackstone's career through scattered biographical material; personal and professional correspondence, including letters from Maria Oakey Dewing, Thomas Wilmer Dewing, Alice Tisdale Hobart, Joseph Cummings Chase, Stell Anderson, Mary Landis, Esther Morgan McCullough, and Booker T. Washington; writings by Blackstone, Esther Morgan McCullough, Richard P. Wunder, and Florence Holbrook; personal business records; clippings, exhbition material, and other printed material; one scrapbook; photographs of Blackstone, family, friends, and notable artists William Merrit Chase, Jean Paul Laurens, and John Singer Sargent; artwork; and four sketchbooks. Also found are a few artifacts found on Blackstone's easel.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1930-1973 (Box 1, 6; 7 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1883-1984 (Box 1; 0.4 Linear Feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1861-1979 (Boxes 1-2; 1.0 Linear Feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, circa 1906-late 1930s (Box 2; 0.2 Linear Feet)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1901-1984 (Boxes 2-3, 6; 0.8 Linear Feet)

Series 6: Scrapbook, circa early 1900s (Boxes 3, 6; 0.2 Linear Feet)

Series 7: Photographs, 1870-early 1900s (Boxes 3-4, 6, BV 7, 8-9; 1.7 Linear Feet)

Series 8: Artwork, 1870-1929 (Boxes 4-5; 0.2 Linear Feet)

Series 9: Artifacts, circa early 1900s-1939 (Box 5, Artifact; 0.4 Linear Feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Harriet Blackstone (1864-1939) was a painter in New York, New York. Blackstone was born on November 13th, 1864 in New Hartford, New York. In 1883, she moved to Illinois where she became a high school elocution teacher. She did not start her studies to be an artist until 1903 when she enrolled at the Pratt Institute of Art in Brooklyn, New York. While there her art teacher was William Merritt Chase. Later, Blackstone went to the Academie Julian in Paris, France to gain more experience with Jean Paul Laurens as her instructor. Blackstone started to gain attention as a renowned artist in 1907 when her painting, Soldat de Crimée, was exhibited in The Salon, Paris. She moved back to Glencoe, Illinois and focused more on her artwork by painting commissions and joining different art organizations, such as the Chicago Society of Artists and the Arts Club. Blackstone travelled to different locations, including Taos, New Mexico and Bruges, Belgium, to help inspire her creativity. In 1920, Blackstone moved back to New York City where she would spend the remainder of her life; she never married or had children. She died on March 16, 1939 and was survived by her brother and friends. During her art career, Blackstone often painted portraits of well-known people and over time she developed her own style of work. Her artwork was displayed in several prominent cities in the United States: Washington, D.C., Chicago, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and New York City. Some of Blackstone's artwork became part of permanent collections, such as Soldat de Crimée, which was acquired by the National Gallery of Art in 1921, now known as the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Related Materials:
Also at the Archives of American Art is the Richard Wunder research material on Harriet Blackstone.
Provenance:
Microfilmed material transferred in 1978 from the National Collection of Fine Arts, who had acquired it in 1967 along with Harriet Blackstone's paintings from Stell Anderson, Blackstone's friend and a collector of her work. Anderson had received the papers from Blackstone's brother, Edward, in 1939. Upon Anderson's death, additional material was turned over to her niece Pat Rauchenstein, who donated them in 1989. Prior to the donation, the papers were in possession of Esther McCullough, who annotated some items and added research material in preparation for her unpublished manuscript "Harriet Blackstone, 1864-1939."
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Harriet Blackstone papers, 1870-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.blacharr
See more items in:
Harriet Blackstone papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blacharr
Online Media:

Isabel Bishop papers

Creator:
Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988  Search this
Names:
American Society of Painters, Sculptors and Gravers  Search this
New Society of Artists (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Blume, Peter, 1906-1992  Search this
Brooks, Van Wyck, 1886-1963  Search this
Canaday, John, 1907-1985  Search this
Chappell, Warren, 1904-  Search this
Ciardi, John, 1916-  Search this
Cunningham, Merce  Search this
Delevante, Sidney, 1894-  Search this
Deutsch, Babette, 1895-1982  Search this
Dickinson, Edwin Walter, 1891-1978  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Ferber, Edna, 1887-1968  Search this
Folinsbee, John Fulton, 1892-1972  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Hoffman, Malvina, 1887-1966  Search this
Hopper, Jo N. (Josephine Nivison), 1883-1968  Search this
Johnson, Una E.  Search this
Kearns, James  Search this
Kitaj, R. B.  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Laning, Edward, 1906-1981  Search this
Lattimore, Richmond Alexander, 1906-1984  Search this
Leighton, Clare, 1899-  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Neel, Alice, 1900-1984  Search this
Pittman, Hobson Lafayette, 1899 or 1900-1972  Search this
Porter, Fairfield  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Schmidt, Katherine, 1898-1978  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Tooker, George, 1920-2011  Search this
Van Veen, Stuyvesant  Search this
Vonnegut, Kurt  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault, 1894-1972  Search this
Westcott, Glenway  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
2.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Watercolors
Sketches
Photographs
Prints
Sketchbooks
Illustrated letters
Date:
1914-1983
Summary:
The papers of realist painter Isabel Bishop date from 1914 to 1983 and measure 2.6 linear feet. The collection documents Bishop's painting career, her friendship with other artists, and her participation in several arts organizations. There are scattered biographical documents, correspondence with fellow artists such as Peggy Bacon, Warren Chappell, Edward Laning, and R. B. Kitaj, and with writers, curators, museums, galleries, arts organizations, and others. Also found are arts organization files, Bishop's writings about Warren Chappell and friend Reginald Marsh, notes, exhibition catalogs, news clippings, and other printed material, photographs of Bishop and her artwork, and photographs of Reginald and Felicia Marsh. Original artwork includes 8 sketchbooks, loose sketches, prints, and watercolor figure studies.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of realist painter Isabel Bishop date from 1914 to 1983 and measure 2.6 linear feet. The collection documents Bishop's painting career, her friendship with other artists, and her participation in several arts organizations. Scattered biographical documents include awards and a file on her participation in art juries.

Bishop was friends with many artists and cultural figures and her correspondence includes letters to and from artists such as John Taylor Arms, Peggy Bacon, Peter Blume, Warren Chappell (many letters from Chappell are illustrated), Sidney Delevante, Edwin Dickinson, Philip Evergood, John Folinsbee, Malvina Hoffman, Jo Hopper, James Kearns, Leon Kroll, Clare Leighton, Jack Levine, Alice Neel, Hobson Pittman, Fairfield Porter, Abraham Rattner, Katherine Schmidt, Henry Schnakenberg, Raphael Soyer, George Tooker, Stuyvesant Van Veen, Franklin Watkins, Mahonri Young, and William Zorach. Bishop not only corresponded with artists but also many poets, authors, historians, and dancers, such as Van Wyck Brooks, John Canaday, John Ciardi, Merce Cunningham, Babette Deutsch, Edna Ferber, Richmond Lattimore, Marianne Moore, Lewis Mumford, Kurt Vonnegut, and Glenway Westcott. Also found are letters from many galleries, museums, and schools which exhibited or purchased her work, including curators Juliana Force and Una Johnson.

Bishop kept files from her affiliations with the American Society of Painters, Sculptors, and Gravers and the New Society of Artists, containing mostly membership and financial records, and a file on a UNESCO conference. Unfortunately, files documenting her membership and vice presidency of the National Institute of Arts & Letters are not found here.

A small amount of Bishop's writings and notes include essays about friends and artists Reginald Marsh and Warren Chappell. Printed material consists of exhibition catalogs and announcements, news clippings, magazines, and a design by G. Alan Chidsey for a book about Bishop. Photographs depict Bishop with her husband and in her studio, her artwork, and also include three photographs of her friend, Reginald Marsh.

Original artwork includes eight small sketchbooks, loose pen and ink sketches, intaglio prints, watercolor figure studies, and a drawing of Bishop by Aaron Bohrod.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1943-1975 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1939-1983 (Box 1; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Organization Files, 1924-1937, 1951-1952 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Writings & Notes, 1937-1960s (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1930-1979 (Box 2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, 1914, circa 1920s-1975 (Box 2, OV 5; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1940s-1970s (Box 2-4, OV 5; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Isabel Bishop (1902-1988) was born in Cincinnati, Ohio to John Remsen Bishop and Anna Bartram Newbold Bishop. Shortly after her birth the family moved to Detroit, Michigan. As a child Bishop took art classes and had a growing interest in drawing. In 1918 at the age of 16 she left home and moved to New York City where she enrolled in the School of Applied Design for Women to be an illustrator. However, her real interest was in painting, not the graphic arts, and she enrolled in the Art Students League in 1920. There she studied with Kenneth Hayes Miller and Guy Pene du Bois and met many young artists, including Reginald Marsh and Edwin Dickinson, both of whom became close friends. She took classes until 1924 and rented a studio and living space on 14th Street in a neighborhood where many artists maintained studios at the time.

Bishop began exhibiting her work and participated in artist groups, including the Whitney Studio Club and the New Society of Artists. During the 1920s and 1930s she developed a realist style of painting, primarily depicting women in their daily routine on the streets of Manhattan. Her work was greatly influenced by Peter Paul Rubens and other Dutch and Flemish painters that she had discovered during trips to Europe. In 1932 Bishop began showing her work frequently at the newly opened Midtown Galleries, where her work would be represented throughout her career.

In 1934 she married Harold Wolff, a neurologist, and moved with him to Riverdale, New York. Bishop kept her studio in Manhattan, moving from 14th Street to Union Square. She remained in her Union Square studio for fifty years (1934-1984). From 1936 to 1937 she taught at the Art Students League and in 1940 her son Remsen was born. In 1941 she was named a member of the National Academy of Design and from 1944 to 1946 she was the Vice President of the National Institute of Arts & Letters, the first woman to hold an executive position with that organization. She wrote articles and joined other artists in speaking out in support of realist painting and against the abstract style that was dominating the New York art scene.

During her long career which lasted into the 1980s, Bishop exhibited in numerous group and solo exhibitions, traveled throughout the U. S. as an exhibition juror, and won many awards for her work, including the award for Outstanding Achievement in the Arts presented by President Jimmy Carter in 1979.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are three oral history interviews with Isabel Bishop, April 15, 1959, May 29, 1959, and November 12-December 11, 1987.

The Whitney Museum of American Art and Midtown Galleries loaned additional Bishop papers to the Archives for microfilming on reels NY59-4 and NY59-5. These items were returned to the lenders after microfilming and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in several installments by Isabel Bishop from 1959 to 1983.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Book illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Realism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Watercolors
Sketches
Photographs
Prints
Sketchbooks
Illustrated letters
Citation:
Isabel Bishop papers, 1914-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bishisab
See more items in:
Isabel Bishop papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bishisab
Online Media:

Ilse Martha Bischoff papers

Creator:
Bischoff, Ilse, 1901-1990  Search this
Names:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
French, Jared, 1905-1988  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1893-1981
Summary:
The papers of illustrator, writer and collector Ilse Martha Bischoff measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1893-1981. Found are scattered personal and business records, correspondence, pencil and watercolor sketches, notes and writings, printed material and photographs. Correspondence is primarily with family members and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French. Photographs are of Bischoff, her family, and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of illustrator, writer and collector Ilse Martha Bischoff measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1893-1981. Found are scattered personal and business records, correspondence, pencil and watercolor sketches, notes and writings, printed material and photographs.

Correspondence is primarily with family members and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French. Artwork includes pencil and watercolor sketches, and notes and writings consist primarily of typescripts of Bischoff's short stories. Printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and miscellaneous printed material relating to Bischoff's European travel. Of special interest are photographs of Bischoff, her family, and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Personal Records, 1934-1938, 1955-1968 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1922-1981 (Box 1; 47 folders)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1920-circa 1959 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1929-1975 (Box 1; 33 folders)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1929-1976 (Box 1; 15 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, 1893-1971 (Box 2; 20 folders)
Biographical Note:
Ilse Martha Bischoff was born on November 21, 1901 in New York City, to Adele Maria Timme Bischoff and Ernst Bischoff, founder of the Ernst Bischoff (pharmaceuticals) Company of Ivoryton, Connecticut.

Bischoff began her education at the Horace Mann School, later studying costume design at the Parson's School of Design. At the Art Students League, she studied painting under Frank Du Mond and etching with Joseph Pennell. While at the Art Students League, Bischoff befriended painters Paul Cadmus and Jared French. She also studied art in Paris, France, and Munich, Germany.

From 1928 to 1946, Bischoff illustrated 12 books and wrote two novels about George Washington's Portraitist, Gilbert Stuart: Painter's Coach in 1943, and Proud Heritage in 1949. Her autobiography, Drive Slowly: Six Dogs, was published in 1953. She was also an avid collector of Meissen porcelain.

Bishoff's artwork is represented in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the New York Public Library, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and the Hood Museum at Dartmouth.

Ilse Martha Bischoff died December 5, 1990, in Hartland, Vermont.
Provenance:
The Ilse Martha Bischoff papers were donated in 1980-1981 by the artist.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Collectors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Women authors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
Ilse Martha Bischoff papers, 1893-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.biscilse
See more items in:
Ilse Martha Bischoff papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-biscilse

Bernice West Beyers papers

Creator:
Beyers, Bernice West, 1906-1987  Search this
Extent:
1.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Date:
1912-1987
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Bernice West Beyers measure 1.7 linear feet and date from 1912-1987. Found within the papers are biographical material; letters that discuss sculpture commissions and exhibitions; scattered business and financial records; notes and writings; a sketchbook; printed material, including 3 scrapbooks of clippings; and photographs of Beyers and photograph albums of her art work.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Bernice West Beyers measure 1.7 linear feet and date from 1912-1987. Found within the papers are biographical material; letters that discuss sculpture commissions and exhibitions; scattered business and financial records; notes and writings; a sketchbook; printed material, including 3 scrapbooks of clippings; and photographs of Beyers and photograph albums of her art work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series. All series are arranged chronologically. All oversized material has been housed in Box 3 (sol) and is referenced in the folder headings of the Series Description/Container Listing.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1923-1935, undated (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1928-1974, undated (Box 1; 16 folders)

Series 3: Business Records, 1923-1960, undated (Box 1; 11 folders)

Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1925-1967, undated (Box 1, 3; 10 folders)

Series 5: Art Work, undated (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1912-1987, undated (Box 1, 3; 33 folders)

Series 7: Photographs, 1937-1956, undated (Box 1, 2, 3; 29 folders)
Biographical Note:
Berenice West Byers (1906-1987)worked as as sculptor in the New York and New England area. Later in life, she became a patron of the arts in Dallas, Texas.

Bernice Delemar West was born on April 26, 1906 in New York City, the daughter of Abigail Palmer and E. Lovette West, an engineer. In 1925 she graduated from the Bennett School in Millbrook, New York, where she took diplomas in both drama and fine arts. After a summer trip to Europe with classmates, she spent the next year studying drama with Winifred Lenihan at the Theatre Guild. In the summer of 1926, she did summer stock in Binghamton as a member of Actors Equity. In 1927 she began to pursue a career in sculpture and pottery.

She first worked in the studio of Lu Duble, her former teacher at the Bennett School. From 1927 to 1929, she also studied under Alexander Archipenko, Edmond R. Amateis, and Winold Reiss. In the fall of 1929, West began studies at the Art Students League under William Zorach.

Beginning in 1934, she exhibited primarily in New England and Florida. She was later influenced by the Haitian and Mayan art work she encountered while on a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1937-1938.

West was married in March 1940 to Robert Arthur Beyers, and their family moved permanently to Dallas, Texas, where they were primarily patrons of the arts.

Bernice West Beyers died in 1987.
Provenance:
The Bernice West Beyers papers were donated in 1988 by Robert West Beyers, the artist's son.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Actors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women sculptors  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Bernice West Beyers papers, 1912-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.beyebern
See more items in:
Bernice West Beyers papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-beyebern

Siri Berg papers

Creator:
Berg, Siri B.  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Date:
1966-1998
Scope and Contents:
Files include correspondence, commissions, studies for paintings, printed material, announcements, exhibition catalogs, photographs, and a videocassette. Studies for paintings include Berg's The Black series, 1976; Collograph, 1980; Cosmic Veil, prints 439-441, 1983; Cycle of 5, 1973-1974; Environmental Boxes, 1979-1981; Four Elements, 1978-1979; Four Faculties, 1974; Kabala series, 1975-1986, undated; Kinneret, undated; La Ronde and La Ronde Shadow series, 1972-1984; Patterns, various, 1980, undated; Prints, #390-393, 396, 1980; Through a Looking Glass Series, 1973; Tops of Kites, 610-613, undated; Triangle, black/Triangle, white, #77-268 and #77-269, 1977; The White series, 1977-1978; and works on paper, 1974-1975. Photographs consist of works of art, 1966-1996, undated; and exhibition shots and personal photographs, 1970-1997, undated. Video cassette of Siri Berg in her studio in SoHo, New York, undated. Also is artwork, undated, consisting of cut out circles; paint and color samples; Klaidescope story; La Ronde study, and La Ronde, #76; circle sketches; palette and four faculties study; preliminary work; and studies for artwork.
Biographical / Historical:
Siri Berg is a collage artist, painter, and art instructor in New York, New York. Born in the 1930s in Stockholm, Sweden. Siri Berg is on the faculty of The New School, Parsons School of Design in New York.
Provenance:
Donated 1998 by Siri Berg.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Collagists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Painting, Modern -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.bergsiri
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bergsiri

Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne papers, 1927-1978

Creator:
Bengelsdorf, Rosalind, 1916-1979  Search this
Bengelsdorf, Rosalind, 1916-1979  Search this
Subject:
Browne, Byron  Search this
Kootz, Samuel Melvin  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Federal Art Project (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women art critics  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painting, Abstract -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Women  Search this
Art Movements and Schools  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6850
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208977
AAA_collcode_bengrosa
Theme:
Diaries
Women
Art Movements and Schools
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208977

Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne papers

Creator:
Bengelsdorf, Rosalind, 1916-1979  Search this
Names:
American Abstract Artists  Search this
Federal Art Project (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Browne, Byron, 1907-1961  Search this
Kootz, Samuel Melvin, 1898-1982  Search this
O'Connor, Francis V.  Search this
Extent:
2.6 Linear feet ((on 4 microfilm reels))
4 Items (Sound recording, sound cassettes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
1927-1978
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material; personal and business correspondence, including correspondence with Francis V. O'Connor regarding her involvement with the WPA Federal Art Project; address books; draft of an unfinished autobiography and other published and unpublished writings; a transcript of an interview with Susan C. Larsen, dealing with American Abstract Artists; subject, teaching and exhibition files; photographs of Browne and her artwork; printed material on Browne and art in general; exhibition catalogs and announcements; and a manuscript of her 34-page article "Abstract Art and the W.P.A. in New York," commissioned by O'Connor, submitted to him in June 1969 and published in his THE NEW DEAL ART PROJECTS: AN ANTHOLOGY OF MEMOIRS.
Also included are 2 untranscribed cassette tapes of a monologue of Browne concerning her husband Byron Browne and Sam Kootz.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, art critic, and educator; New York, N.Y. Married painter Byron Browne.
Provenance:
Donated 1978-1979 by Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne and her son, Stephen B. Browne.
Restrictions:
Use of requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art critics -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women art critics  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painting, Abstract -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.bengrosa
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bengrosa

Gretchen Bender papers

Creator:
Bender, Gretchen, 1951-2004  Search this
Extent:
2.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1980-2004
Summary:
The papers of Gretchen Bender measure 2.8 linear feet and date from 1980-2004. This material documents her career as a filmmaker and multimedia artist through biographical materials, correspondence, personal business records, writings, notebooks, printed material, photographs, slides and transparencies, and artwork. Also included are project files detailing Gretchen's collaborations with dancer/choreographer Bill T. Jones, as well as a handwritten transcription of a conversation between Bender and Cindy Sherman.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Gretchen Bender measure 2.8 linear feet and date from 1980-2004. This material documents her career as a filmmaker and multimedia artist through biographical materials, correspondence, personal business records, writings, notebooks, printed material, photographs, slides and transparencies, and artwork. Also included are project files detailing Gretchen's collaborations with dancer/choreographer Bill T. Jones, as well as a handwritten transcription of a conversation between Bender and Cindy Sherman.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1996 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence/Letters, 1985-2003 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1985-1990 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 4: Project Files, 1982-2002 (Boxes 1-2, 5; 0.9 Linear Feet)

Series 5: Writings, 1983-1988 (Box 2; 0.1 Linear Feet)

Series 6: Notebooks, 1980-2000 (Box 2; 0.6 Linear Feet)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1981-2004 (Boxes 3, 6; 0.3 Linear Feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1984-1989 (Boxes 3-4, 0.3 Linear Feet)

Series 9: Artwork, 1984-1985 (Boxes 4, 5; 0.2 Linear Feet)
Biographical / Historical:
Gretchen Bender (1951-2004) was a New York City based filmmaker, multimedia, and conceptual artist. Bender borrowed from elements found in advertising, television, popular contemporary art, and computer graphics to explore issues of race, gender, politics, and culture in her work. During the 1990s, Bender worked with choreographer/dancer Bill T. Jones as a co-director, set designer, and filmmaker on a number of theater and television projects. Bender was a director, editor, and producer for television, primarily working on music videos. Bender participated in solo and group exhibitions at Metro Pictures and Nature Morte in New York.
Provenance:
Donated 2005 by Kate Bender, Gretchen Bender's sister.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Multimedia artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Conceptual artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Citation:
Gretchen Bender papers, 1980-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bendgret
See more items in:
Gretchen Bender papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bendgret
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