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Meet Four Japanese American Men Who Fought Back Against Racism During WWII

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 12 May 2021 17:06:59 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_128e93edf5a6dfa63fad651b8e4a5f6d

Finnish Aviation to 1941 [1/2]

Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 14, Folder 22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
bulk 1980, 1988-1989
Scope and Contents:
Multiple documents.

"Luftkriegführung im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Ein Internationaler Verglech." Program of the International Scientific Meeting of the Bundeswehr Militärgeschichtliches Forschungsamt, August 29-September 2, 1988. German language booklet.

Lentoratas -- 1988, No.1. Finnish language journal.

Lentoratas -- 1988, No.2. Finnish language journal.

Ilmailumuseoyhdistyksen Tiedote -- 1989, No.3. Finnish language journal.

Finnish aviation museum -- . English language booklet (photocopy).

Miscellaneous stickers, business cards, and notes. Rack cards and brochures for Keski-Suomen Ilmailumuseo (Tikkakoski), Kriegsmuseum/Military Museum (Helsinki), Sotilas- Ja Erikoisajoneuvo Historiallinen Museo (Kangasala), Vehoniemi BIlmuseum / Militär- och specialfordonmuseum (Kangasala), Vehoniemenn Automuseo (Kangasala), The Coast Artillery Museum/Das Küstenartilleriemuseum (Suuomenlinna), and Helsinki University Library.

Kalevi Keskien, Klaus Niska, Kari Stenman, and Carl-Fredrik Geust, -- Suomen Museolentokoneet -- (Espoo : Kustannusliike Tietoteos and Forssa : Forssan Kirjapaino Ltd, 1981). Finnish language book.

Antti Kujala, "The Russian Revolutionary Movement and the Finnish Opposition, 1905 - The John Grafton affair and the plans for an uprising in St. Petersburg," -- Scandanavian Journal of History -- 5 (1980) : 257-275. English language paper (photocopy).
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref512

Deadly AC-130 Gunship in Action Firing All Its Cannons

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-08-03T15:30:01.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_7lrfdzU8k4k

Dismantling a Huge Howitzer for a Precarious Move

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-04-07T11:00:00.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_8EjszVALQW0

How Germans Turned Trains Into Massive Artillery in WWII

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-06-16T19:28:26.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_e4zWmygavE4

This Swedish King Built a Warship That Redefined Naval Combat

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-08-07T15:30:00.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_oJRXiz0mBpU

Caudron G-4

Manufacturer:
Caudron S.A.  Search this
Materials:
Airframe: Wood
Covering: Fabric
Dimensions:
Wingspan: 16.8 m (55 ft 3 in)
Length: 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
Height: 2.5 m (8 ft 3 in)
Weight: Empty, 733 kg (1,616 lb)
Gross, 1,232 kg (2,716 lb)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
France
Date:
1916-1917
Credit Line:
Transfer from the U.S. War Department.
Inventory Number:
A19190008000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
Pre-1920 Aviation
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9602e2d17-f34c-48fd-b8b0-862ae88fa95d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19190008000

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Hauke, Cesar M. de (Cesar Mange)  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc.  Search this
Jacques Seligmann & Co  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co.  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Type:
Gallery records
Topic:
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938 -- Art collections  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L. -- Art collections  Search this
Arenberg, duc d' -- Art collections  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of -- Art collections  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de, 1885-1925  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Theme:
The Art Market  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 1
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 2
Online Media:

Moving artillery

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 29
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.7: Military
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1516

U.S. Artillery

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 29
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.7: Military
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1530

Artillery federal troop parade

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 29
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.7: Military
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1540

British artillery in action at Aisne

Collection Creator:
Maertz, J.F., Department Store (Milwaukee, Wis.).  Search this
Stanley-Brown, Joseph, 1858-1941  Search this
Keystone View Company  Search this
Rau, William H.  Search this
Container:
Box 29
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected lantern slides and stereographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Collection Citation:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs
Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs / Series 6: Miscellaneous Stereographs / 6.7: Military
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0945-ref1547

Pioneer RQ-2A UAV

Manufacturer:
Pioneer UAV, Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Fiberglass or carbon/graphite fiber composite wings braced internally with Balsa wood. Fiberglass or carbon/graphite fiber composite horizontal and vertical stabilizers with Polyurethane foam core. Aluminum fuselage, wing-spar, tail booms, and landing gear struts. Carbon/graphite fiber composite and fiberglass fairings for instrument bays. Access panels are Fiberglass, Kevlar and Kydex thermoplastic. Main tires are rubber. Nose tire is rubber coated aluminum.
Dimensions:
3-D: 426.7 × 99.1cm, 205kg, 5.105m (14 ft. × 3 ft. 3 in., 452lb., 16 ft. 9 in.)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1985
Credit Line:
Transferred from the United States Navy
Inventory Number:
A20000794000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9fea849d3-da50-448b-908d-eca2cd902411
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20000794000
Online Media:

Westland Lysander IIIa

Manufacturer:
Westland Aircraft Limited  Search this
Materials:
Wings: aluminum and wood wing structure with fabric covering
Fuselage: Steel tube with aluminum cowling, landing gear and wheel spats, and side panels, rear fabric covered
Dimensions:
Overall: 14ft 6in. x 30ft 6 1/8in. x 49ft 2 9/16in. (4.42m x 9.3m x 15m)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Date:
1942
Credit Line:
Donated by Dwight F. Brooks
Inventory Number:
A19810004000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv91d182800-e3f5-4c12-a6b8-cf34218226ed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19810004000

Cessna O-1A Bird Dog

Manufacturer:
Cessna Aircraft Company, Inc.  Search this
Materials:
All-metal
Dimensions:
Overall: 25ft 9 1/2in. x 7ft 3 1/2in. x 36ft, 1614lb. (7.861m x 2.223m x 10.973m, 732.1kg)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1950
Credit Line:
Transferred from the United States Army.
Inventory Number:
A19780403000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9a66c0a27-b703-467b-873c-740b08229303
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19780403000
Online Media:

Machine Gun, MG 15, 7.92mm

Manufacturer:
Krieghoff G.m.b.H.  Search this
Waffenfabrik Heinrich Krieghoff  Search this
Materials:
Steel
Dimensions:
3-D (Machine Gun): 107.9 × 17.8 × 30.5cm, 6.8kg (3 ft. 6 1/2 in. × 7 in. × 1 ft., 15lb.)
Storage (Archival Box): 119.4 × 34.9 × 34.3cm (3 ft. 11 in. × 1 ft. 1 3/4 in. × 1 ft. 1 1/2 in.)
Storage (Aluminum Cage (Overall Housing)): 121.9 × 37.5 × 43.2cm, 19.1kg (4 ft. × 1 ft. 2 3/4 in. × 1 ft. 5 in., 42lb.)
Type:
ARMAMENT-Guns
Country of Origin:
Germany
Date:
1940
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Museum of History & Technology
Inventory Number:
A19690209000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv90b06efb9-344b-46fb-ac42-327f8929eb2d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19690209000

Bomb, Glide, BV 246 Hagelkorn (Hailstone)

Manufacturer:
Blohm & Voss  Search this
Materials:
Body: steel, wood, magnesium, phenolic resin
Wings: steel, cement or plaster on a welded steel core, fabric covering
Dimensions:
Overall: 11 ft. wide x 20 ft. 4 in. deep, 875 lb. (335.28 x 619.8cm, 396.9kg)
Type:
ARMAMENT-Bombs
Country of Origin:
Germany
Date:
ca. 1943-1945
Credit Line:
Transferred from the U.S. Navy, Naval Supply Center, Cheatham Annex, Williamsburg, Va.
Inventory Number:
A19710759000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
James S. McDonnell Space Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b8c58bc6-6321-4158-a383-1962da499839
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19710759000
Online Media:

Missile, Surface-to-Surface, V-2 (A-4)

Manufacturer:
Mittelwerk GMBH  Search this
Materials:
Steel; graphite jet vanes, some wooden construction elements in fuselage; aluminum tanks not present.
Dimensions:
Overall: 11 ft. 8 3/8 in. wide x 46 ft. 1 3/16 in. deep x 5 ft. 5 in. diameter x 44 ft. 5 3/16 in. long, 8427.9 lb. (356.6 x 1405.1 x 165.1 x 1354.3cm, 3822.9kg)
Type:
CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets
Country of Origin:
Germany
Credit Line:
Transferred from the U.S. Air Force
Inventory Number:
A19600342000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Space Race
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c2816946-e717-42f0-9d3e-1e31b26b8e63
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600342000
Online Media:

Lombard Governor Company Records

Creator:
Lombard Governor Company.  Search this
American Lincoln Corporation  Search this
Donor:
Sorensen, William  Search this
Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Extent:
6.75 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Patents
Price lists
Reports
Bulletins
Glass negatives
Blueprints
Catalogs
Date:
1898-1970s.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of records documenting the Lombard Governor Company: photographs (including glass plate negatives), blueprints, printed material, price lists, reports, catalogs and trade literature, bulletins, and a notebook of patents.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: Printed Materials

Series 2: Glass Plate Negatives

Series 3: Blueprints
Biographical / Historical:
In 1894, Nathaniel Lombard developed the first practical water wheel governor in Roxbury, Mass. Lombard's design incorporated hydraulics and a unique anti-racing device to move the gates of the largest turbines multiple times faster than any existing device. In 1904, the company moved to Ashland, Massachusetts. During the first World War, Lombard Governor produced hydraulic lathes for the manufacture of artillery shells, and special valves for the US government's Muscle Shoals nitrogen plant. At the conclusion of the war, Lombard expanded into the areas of chain saws and plastic molding injection machines. In 1962, the company changed its name to Lombard Industries. In 1964, Lombard Industries was acquired by American Lincoln Corporation and the operation was moved to Toledo, Ohio.
Provenance:
Acquired in 1962 by the National Museum of American History's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, (Now the National Museum of American History) from donor William Sorensen.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hydraulic engineering  Search this
Turbines  Search this
Water-power  Search this
Water-wheels  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Patents
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- 20th century
Price lists
Reports
Bulletins
Glass negatives
Blueprints
Catalogs
Citation:
Lombard Governor Company Records, 1898-1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1091
See more items in:
Lombard Governor Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1091

Francis P. Conant Papers

Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Names:
Hunter College. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010  Search this
Naguib, Mohammed, 1901-  Search this
Extent:
20 Linear feet ((43 boxes) plus 25 digital storage media and 5 map folders )
Culture:
Southern Bauchi languages  Search this
Suk (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field recordings
Maps
Field notes
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Place:
Africa, French-speaking West
Sahara
Egypt
Ethiopia
Uganda
West Pokot District (Kenya)
Bauchi Province (Nigeria)
Belgian Congo
Finland
Morocco
Sudan
Date:
1946-2011
bulk 1953-2008
Summary:
The papers of Francis P. Conant document his anthropological work and, to a lesser extent, his previous career as a journalist and photographer. Francis Paine Conant was a cultural anthropologist who pioneered the use of satellite data in anthropology. He conducted fieldwork in Nigeria and Kenya, and his research interests spanned cultural ecology, AIDS, malaria, and sex and gender studies. He was also Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Hunter College, where he taught from 1962 to 1995.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Francis P. Conant document his anthropological work and, to a lesser extent, his previous career as a journalist and photographer. The bulk of the collection consists of his field work in Africa, specifically his doctoral research among the Barawa in Nigeria during the 1950s; his work among the Pokot in Kenya for Walter Goldschimdt's Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project during the 1960s; and his later research among the Pokot during the 1970s incorporating remote sensing tools. These materials include his dissertation, field notes, kinship charts, maps, correspondence, photographs, and sound recordings. The collection also contains photographs, correspondence, and writings relating to the Bernheim-Conant expedition through Africa. Among the photos are Polaroids of Mohammad Naguib, first president of Egypt. Also present in the collection are his published and unpublished academic writings, his writings and correspondence as a news correspondent in Finland, and files from courses that he taught. In addition, the collection contains some of Conant's digital files, which have not yet been examined. Overall there is little correspondence in the collection, aside from some letters scattered throughout the collection relating to his research and writings (both as an academic and a journalist).
Arrangement:
Collection is organized into 9 series: 1) Nigeria, 1956-1960, undated; 2) Kenya, 1961-1974, undated; 3) Remote Sensing, 1967, 1971, 1976-1984, 1991-1992, 2002; 4) Bernheim-Conant Expedition, 1953-1956; 5) Writings, 1960-1966, 1974-1995, 2000-2006, undated; 6) University Files, 1956-1957, 1961, 1970, 1972, 1982-1995, undated; 7) Biographical Files and Letters, circa 1940, CIRCA 1946-1947, 1951, 1955, 1979, 1989-1991, 1996-2000, 2007-2011, undated; 8) Sound Recordings, 1956-1965, 1971, 1977-1978, undated; 9) Digital Files
Biographical / Historical:
Francis Paine Conant was a cultural anthropologist who pioneered the use of satellite data in anthropology. He conducted fieldwork in Nigeria and Kenya, and his research interests spanned cultural ecology, AIDS, malaria, and sex and gender studies. He was also Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Hunter College, where he taught from 1962 to 1995.

Conant was born on February 27, 1926 in New York City. After graduating from Phillips Exeter Academy, he deferred college to enlist in the U.S. Army in 1944. He served as a field artillery observer for the 294th Field Artillery Battalion and helped liberate two concentration camps during World War II. After he was honorably discharged in 1946, he attended Cornell University, where he obtained his B.A. in 1950. While at Cornell, a Finnish student invited Conant to Finland to help relocate families, farms, and livestock further from the Russian border, a protective measure against another Russian invasion. Conant accepted his invitation and took time off from his academic studies to spend several months in Finland in 1947, as well as a summer in 1949.

After graduating from Cornell, Conant attended University of Iowa's graduate writing program for a short time. Dissatisfied with the program, he worked briefly for the Carnegie Endowment, during which time he occasionally served as a personal driver for Alger Hiss. In 1951, he returned to Finland to pursue a career in journalism. He worked for United Press International until 1953.

From December 5, 1953 to May 26, 1954, Conant traveled throughout Africa as part of the Bernheim-Conant Expedition for the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). The expedition was led by Claude Bernheim, the father of his first wife, Miriam. They traveled 16,000 miles through Northern Central and Eastern Africa, collecting film footage and material culture for the museum. Conant served as the writer and photographer for the expedition, publishing illustrated articles in the New York Times and Natural History Magazine.

He later returned to Africa as a doctoral student at Columbia University, where he earned his PhD in Anthropology in 1960. After studying the Hausa language at the International African Institute in London, he traveled to Nigeria as a Fellow of the Ford Foundation to carry out his fieldwork in Dass Independent District, Bauchi Province. Working among the Barawa that live in the mountains of Dass, he focused on their religion and its impact on the technology, social and political organization, and structure of their society. His dissertation was titled "Dodo of Dass: A Study of a Pagan Religion of Northern Nigeria." During his fieldwork, he also collected data on rock gongs, which were first identified and written about by Bernard Fagg in 1955.

In 1961 to 1962, Conant was a research associate for Walter Goldschmidt's Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project. The purpose of the project was to conduct a controlled comparison of four different East African societies and the farmers and pastoralists within each tribe. Conant was assigned to conduct ethnographic research among the Pokot in West Pokot District in Kenya. This research would form the basis of his remote sensing work in the same area more than a decade later. Conant was first introduced to remote sensing data in 1974 when his colleague Priscilla Reining showed him Landsat imagery of one his former fieldwork sites. He was inspired by the potential applications of satellite data to study cultural and ecological relationships. In 1975, he and Reining organized a workshop on "Satellite Potentials for Anthropological Studies of Subsistence Activities and Population Change." He incorporated remote sensing tools in his 1977 to 1980 study of the changing cultivation patterns and management of livestock in West Pokot District. His research combined traditional fieldwork (which included data he had collected in the 1960s), LANDSAT data, and geospatial data collected from the ground.

Later in his career, Conant's research interests expanded to include the spread of diseases, specifically AIDS and malaria. He, along with Priscilla Reining, John Bongaarts, and Peter Way found that uncircumcised men were 86% more likely to contract HIV than circumcised men. Their findings were published in their paper "The Relationship Between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in African Populations" (1989). His research on malaria focused on the spread of the disease during African prehistory.

Conant taught briefly at Columbia University and was an Assistant Professor at University of Massachusetts, at Amherst in 1960-1961. Most of his academic career was spent at Hunter College, where he served as Chair of the Anthropology Department several times. He also founded and headed the college's Research Institute in Aruba.

Conant was a Fulbright Senior Research Fellow at Oxford University's Pitts Rivers Museum in 1968-1969. He was also a fellow of the American Anthropological Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the International African Institute, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Anthropological Institute. In addition, he was actively involved with the Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal.

Conant died at the age of 84 on January 29, 2011.

Sources Consulted

Bates, Daniel G. 2011. Francis P. Conant: A Tribute to a Friend of Human Ecology. Human Ecology 39(2): 115.

Bates, Daniel and Oliver Conant. Francis P. Conant. Anthropology News. 52(5): 25.

Conant, Veronika. Email message to Lorain Wang, October 22, 2013.

[Curriculum Vitae], Series 7. Biographical Files and Letters, Francis Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Francis P. Conant. http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/anthropology/faculty-staff/in-remembrance/francis-p.-conant [accessed August 23, 2013].

1926 -- Born February 27 in New York City, New York

1944-1946 -- Enlists in Army and serves in World War II as a flash ranger in 294th Field Artillery Battalion

1950 -- Earns B.A. from Cornell University in English and Russian, minor in Engineering

1953-1954 -- AMNH Bernheim-Conant Expedition to northern Africa

1957 -- Conducts language studies at the International African Institute

1957-1959 -- Conducts fieldwork in northern Nigeria

1960 -- Earns PhD in Cultural Anthropology from Columbia University

1960-1961 -- Assistant Professor, Anthropology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

1961-1962 -- Research Associate for Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project directed by Walter Goldschimdt

1962 -- Joins faculty at Hunter College

1968-1969 -- Fulbright Senior Research Fellow, Oxford University, Pitt-Rivers Museum

1977-1980 -- Sets up remote sensing monitoring area in West Pokot district in Kenya. Studies changing cultivation patterns and management of livestock

1995 -- Retires from Hunter College; Emeritus Professor

2011 -- Dies on January 29 at the age of 84
Related Materials:
For additional materials at the National Anthropological Archives relating to Francis Conant, see the papers of Priscilla Reining and John Lawrence Angel. His film collection is at the Human Studies Film Archives.

Artifacts and film collected during the Bernheim-Conant Expedition, his doctoral research in Nigeria, and his fieldwork in Kenya during the 1960s and 70s are at the American Museum of Natural History. He also deposited collections at the Pitts River Museum at the University of Oxford.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Francis Conant's widow Veronika Conant in 2012.
Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Remote sensing  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Musical instruments -- Nigeria  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Subsistence farming -- Kenya  Search this
Subsistence herding -- Kenya  Search this
Human ecology  Search this
Landsat satellites  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field recordings
Maps
Field notes
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-13
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2012-13
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