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Model, Static, Altostratus Sailplane Center Section, Two Winglets

Materials:
Foam covered with fiberglass and reinforced with carbonfiber.
Dimensions:
Wing span: 5 m (16 ft 5 in)
Length, center section: 0.9 m (32 in)
Height: 0.25 m (10 in)
Weight: 2 kg (5 kg)
Type:
MODELS-Aircraft
Date:
2001
Credit Line:
Gift of Gary B. Fogel.
Inventory Number:
A20040185000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9210167c3-5e10-4eda-b2cd-623e64091fb7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20040185000
Online Media:

The Status of the Panamá Canal Watershed and Its Biodiversity at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Author:
Condit, Richard S.  Search this
Robinson, Douglas W.  Search this
Ibáñez, Roberto D.  Search this
Aguilar, Salomón  Search this
Sanjur, Amelia  Search this
Martinez, Raul  Search this
Stallard, Robert F.  Search this
Garcia, Tomas  Search this
Angehr, George R.  Search this
Petit, Lisa J.  Search this
Wright, S. Joseph  Search this
Robinson, Tara Rodden  Search this
Heckadon-Moreno, Stanley  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2001
Citation:
Condit, Richard S., Robinson, Douglas W., Ibáñez, Roberto D., Aguilar, Salomón, Sanjur, Amelia, Martinez, Raul, Stallard, Robert F., Garcia, Tomas, Angehr, George R., Petit, Lisa J., Wright, S. Joseph, Robinson, Tara Rodden, and Heckadon-Moreno, Stanley. 2001. "The Status of the Panamá Canal Watershed and Its Biodiversity at the Beginning of the 21st Century." Bioscience, 51, (5) 389–398. https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0389:TSOTPC]2.0.CO;2.
Identifier:
50609
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0389:TSOTPC]2.0.CO;2
ISSN:
0006-3568
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_50609

Isabel Norniella Papers

Creator:
Norniella, Isabel, 1938-  Search this
Names:
McCann Erickson  Search this
Ole Television Network  Search this
Publitec  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (4 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Advertising
Newsletters
Letters (correspondence)
Photographs
Interviews
Clippings
Articles
Scrapbooks
Advertisements
Awards
Photograph albums
Date:
circa 1969-2005
Scope and Contents:
The papers document Norniella's life and career in the advertising field, and her Ole Television Network, and include business records, photographs, scrapbooks, photograph albums, advertising, clippings and articles, awards, newsletters, and publicity materials.
Arrangement:
Collection is unarranged.
Biographical / Historical:
Isabel Norniella was born in Cuba in 1938. She graduated with a degree in advertising management from the University of Puerto Rico. After working for several advertising firms, including McCann Erickson, she founded her own, Publitec, in 1969. Her firm has been much awarded, and has had clients including Stokely Van Camp, Cutty Sark, Uncle Ben's, and others. She has also done publicity work with several charities. In 1994 she founded the Ole Television Network.
Provenance:
Donated by Isabel Norniella to the Archives Center in 2017.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
advertising -- 20th century  Search this
Minority consumers  Search this
Advertising campaigns  Search this
Minorities in advertising  Search this
Advertising executives  Search this
advertising -- 21st century  Search this
Advertising history  Search this
Advertising agencies -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records -- 20th century
Advertising -- 20th century
Newsletters -- 21st century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Newsletters -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 21st century
Photographs -- 20th century
Interviews -- 21st century
Business records -- 21st century
Clippings -- 21st century
Clippings -- 20th century
Articles -- 20th century
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Articles -- 21st century
Advertisements -- 21st century
Awards
Photographs -- 21st century
Advertisements -- 20th century
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Citation:
Isabel Norniella Papers, ca. 1969-2005, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1417
See more items in:
Isabel Norniella Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep899d46198-db75-494e-8f7e-2476b98521eb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1417
Online Media:

Jane and Michael Stern Collection

Creator:
Stern, Michael, 1946-  Search this
Stern, Jane  Search this
Extent:
17 Cubic feet (41 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Trade literature
Articles
Notes
Menus
Cookbooks
Brochures
Correspondence
Slides (photographs)
Writings
Business records
Postcards
Date:
1890-2008
Summary:
Collection documents Jane and Michael Stern's travels across the United States collecting data for their books on American material culture subjects, with particular emphasis on food and dining.
Scope and Contents:
Collection primarily consists of the raw materials amassed by Jane and Michael Stern as they traveled the United States, researching for their books on American material culture subjects, with particular emphasis on food and dining. These materials include writings and notes from their various stops while traveling; photographs and slides of places they visited; vintage postcards collected in their travels; paper ephemera such as take-out menus, placemats, etc.; large quantities of trade literature such as product cookbooks (some dating back to the 1920s), food packaging and brochures on food related subjects, under headings such as "Meat, Fish, Game", "Parties, Etiquette, How-To", "Baking" and numerous others; trade literature on other material culture subjects the Sterns wrote books about with headings which include Rodeo, Cowboys, Indians" and many others; correspondence; business records, articles, and clippings. The collection is arranged into five series: Series 1, Research Documentation and Writings, 1975-2015, undated; Series 2, Product Cookbooks, and Trade Literature, 1890-1993, undated; Series 3, Photographic Materials, 1947-2008, undated; Series 4, Subject Files, 1910-1995; and Series 5, Vintage Postcards, undated.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into five series:

Series 1, Research Documentation and Writings, 1975-2015, undated

Series 2, Product Cookbooks, and Trade Literature, 1890-1993, undated

Series 3, Photographic Materials, 1947-2008, undated

Subseries 3.1, Photographs, 1947-2002, undated

Subseries 3.2, Slides and Transparencies, 1965-2008, undated

Series 4, Subject Files, 1910-1995

Series 5, Vintage Postcards, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Jane Grossman Stern (1946-) and Michael Stern (1946-) are American writers best known for their popular series of books titled Roadfood. These publications provided recommendations of restaurants, truck stops, diners, delis, bakeries, and other food-related establishments in the United States who served classic American regional specialties. The Sterns are also authors of books about American material culture subjects including truckers, cowboys, kitsch, and dog shows. They have been guests on public radio, contributors to magazine columns, and have won numerous awards for their work.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Jane and Michael Stern, 2016.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Automobile travel -- United States  Search this
Diners -- United States  Search this
Bakeries -- United States  Search this
Restaurants -- United States  Search this
Truck stops -- United States  Search this
Cowboys -- United States  Search this
Roads -- United States  Search this
Delicatessens -- United States  Search this
Dining  Search this
Dog shows -- United States  Search this
Truck drivers -- United States  Search this
Rodeos -- United States  Search this
Food -- United States  Search this
Local foods -- United States  Search this
Kitsch -- United States  Search this
Material culture -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera -- 20th century
Ephemera -- 21st century
Trade literature
Articles -- 21st century
Notes -- 20th century
Menus -- 20th century
Cookbooks -- 21st century
Brochures -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 21st century
Brochures -- 21st century
Cookbooks -- 20th century
Slides (photographs) -- 20th century
Writings
Business records -- 20th century
Articles -- 20th century
Postcards -- 20th century -- United States
Correspondence -- 20th century
Menus -- 21st century
Citation:
Jane and Michael Stern Collection, circa 1920-2015, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1392
See more items in:
Jane and Michael Stern Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89b79d74d-7499-469b-8dad-ee18dd9a59e3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1392
Online Media:

Global change and stomatal research - 21st century agenda

Author:
Drake, Bert G.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2002
Citation:
Drake, Bert G. 2002. "Global change and stomatal research - 21st century agenda." New Phytologist, 152 365–374.
Identifier:
110903
ISSN:
0028-646X
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_110903

The National Museum of the American Indian: Perspectives on Museums in the 21st Century

Author:
West, W. R.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1994
Citation:
West, W. R. 1994. "The National Museum of the American Indian: Perspectives on Museums in the 21st Century." Museum Anthropology, 18, (3) 53–58.
Identifier:
130637
ISSN:
0892-8339
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_130637

21st Century Cures Act Tackles Postpartum Depression

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 13 Dec 2016 23:30:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_4545f463bee6716ed2167ea51bf826fc

Designing Classrooms For the 21st Century

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Mon, 12 Sep 2016 15:58:05 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_855948c3f11b528829eac4c81ea96871

Pop-up Monuments Ask What 21st-Century Public Memorials Should Be

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 22 Sep 2017 19:53:02 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_ba9d880712dca1e06f239b2efeaea705

Why Taxidermy Is Being Revived for the 21st Century

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 19 Jun 2015 14:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_e4d929446cafaeefa89cf826696376fc

Computers Are Great at Chess, But That Doesn't Mean the Game Is 'Solved'

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 10 Feb 2017 16:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_f4fe514f1bea50681899ebb39f4f1353

GenBank is a reliable resource for 21st century biodiversity research

Author:
Leray, Matthieu  Search this
Knowlton, Nancy  Search this
Ho, Shian-Lei  Search this
Nguyen, Bryan N.  Search this
Machida, Ryuji J.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2019
Citation:
Leray, Matthieu, Knowlton, Nancy, Ho, Shian-Lei, Nguyen, Bryan N., and Machida, Ryuji J. 2019. "GenBank is a reliable resource for 21st century biodiversity research." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116, (45) 22651–22656. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911714116.
Identifier:
152934
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911714116
ISSN:
0027-8424
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_152934

Cessna 152 Aerobat

Manufacturer:
Cessna Aircraft Company, Inc.  Search this
Materials:
Overall: Aluminum
Dimensions:
Wingspan: 9.9 m (32 ft. 8.5 in.)
Length: 7.3 m (24 ft. 1 in.)
Height: 2.6 m (8 ft. 6 in.)
Weight: Empty 517 kg (1,139 lbs.)
Weight: Gross 760 kg (1,600 lbs.)
Top speed: 204 km/h (127 mph.)
Engine: Lycoming O-235-L2C, 110 hp
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Date:
1977
Credit Line:
Gift of Elizabeth A. Kershner
Inventory Number:
A20070077000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
Commercial Aviation
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9d75c1cf5-5b5c-4483-b7d2-b97de9aaa76b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20070077000
Online Media:

Kathryn D. Sullivan Papers

Creator:
Sullivan, Kathryn  Search this
Names:
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Search this
Extent:
15.23 Cubic feet (34 boxes.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Reports
Date:
1970s - 2010s
Summary:
This collection consists of approximately 15.23 cubic feet of papers, photographs, certificates, and video/film, created or collected by Kathryn Sullivan, spanning her lifetime of achievement.
Scope and Contents:
Scope and Content Note:

The Kathryn D. Sullivan Papers (acc. no. 2019-0007) reflect Dr. Sullivan's broad, restless curiosity regarding oceanography, geology, engineering, astronomy, space exploration and education advocacy. Sullivan's great contributions as a scientist, educator, astronaut and explorer are quite evident in this collection.

For the most part, this collection encompasses Dr. Sullivan's years spent as a NASA astronaut, with the U.S. Naval Reserve (USNR), as well as her post-NASA career as a federal government administrator, educator, scientist and explorer; roughly, from the 1970s through the 2010s. There is some material however, that dates back prior to this time span. This collection is a mixture of the following materials: correspondence, memoranda, notes, reports technical manuals, flight logs, photographs, speeches, news releases, papers, books, brochures, pamphlets, journals, magazines, articles and day planners. Additionally, there are some materials stored in oversized containers that include newspapers or sections of newspapers, Dr. Sullivan's Ph.D. dissertation from Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, certificates and awards, a photograph album, as well as matted photographs pertaining to her Space Shuttle flights (STS-41G, STS-31 and STS-45) and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST).

Upon receiving the Kathryn D. Sullivan Papers, the processing archivist did discern some order to this collection. Some materials, such as photographs, reports and speeches, tended to be grouped together. Other materials were threaded throughout in a more random fashion. Furthermore, most of the archival items had been already placed in some sort of files or folders. The processing archivist did rehouse these materials utilizing archival-friendly file folders and legal-size document cases.

This collection is arranged into three series. The first series is composed of personal materials that include correspondence, photographs, postcards, business cards and transcripts. Each type of archival material is organized chronologically and then alphabetically. The second series consists of professional materials and is by far and away the largest segment of the Kathryn D. Sullivan Papers. This series is arranged as follows: Dr. Sullivan's correspondence, memoranda, notes, reports, manuals (mainly Space Shuttle program-related), flight logs, photographs, speeches, news releases, policy directives and educational course materials, papers, Congressional hearings and testimony, books, brochures, catalogs and pamphlets, magazines and journals, certificates, articles, and miscellaneous materials (such as agendas, programs, day planners and photographic slides). All the above material is arranged chronologically and then alphabetically. The third series is composed of oversize materials. This material consists of newspapers or sections of newspapers (mainly focused on the Space Shuttle Challenger accident of 1986), Dr. Sullivan's Ph.D. dissertation, a photograph album, awards and certificates, as well as matted photographs, largely pertaining to her three Space Shuttle flights and the Hubble Space telescope (HST).

Please note: the initials "KDS" refer to Kathryn D. Sullivan.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into three series. The first series is composed of personal materials that include correspondence, photographs, postcards, business cards and transcripts. Each type of archival material is organized chronologically and then alphabetically. The second series consists of professional materials and is by far and away the largest segment of the Kathryn D. Sullivan Papers. This series is arranged as follows: Dr. Sullivan's correspondence, memoranda, notes, reports, manuals (mainly Space Shuttle program-related), flight logs, photographs, speeches, news releases, policy directives and educational course materials, papers, Congressional hearings and testimony, books, brochures, catalogs and pamphlets, magazines and journals, certificates, articles, and miscellaneous materials (such as agendas, programs, day planners and photographic slides). All the above material is arranged chronologically and then alphabetically. The third series is composed of oversize materials. This material consists of newspapers or sections of newspapers (mainly focused on the Space Shuttle Challenger accident of 1986), Dr. Sullivan's Ph.D. dissertation, a photograph album, awards and certificates, as well as matted photographs, largely pertaining to her three Space Shuttle flights and the Hubble Space telescope (HST).
Biographical / Historical:
Kathryn D. Sullivan was born on October 3, 1951, in Paterson, New Jersey. Several years later, the Sullivan family relocated to California where her father proceeded to work in the aerospace field. After graduating from high school in 1969, Sullivan received a Bachelor of Science degree in earth sciences from the University of California at Santa Cruz. In 1978, she earned her Ph.D. in geology from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. During her time at Dalhousie, Sullivan participated in several oceanographic expeditions that studied the floors of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

In 1977, Sullivan applied for a position as astronaut candidate for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Her application was successful and she was accepted as part of the first group of six women astronauts hired by the space agency. Training and evaluation commenced in 1978 and was completed the following year. Dr. Sullivan was now an official astronaut, qualified for selection on space flight crews. She would make her first flight aboard NASA's new fleet of Space Shuttles five years later. This flight, designated STS-41G (Space Transportation System), lifted off from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Cape Canaveral, Florida, on October 5, 1984. While circling the Earth from the orbiter Challenger, Dr. Sullivan performed the first spacewalk or EVA (extra-vehicular activity) by an American woman. During her second shuttle flight, designated STS-31, she flew aboard the orbiter Discovery. Lifting off from KSC on April 24, 1990, she actively participated in deploying the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) into Earth orbit. Her third and final space flight occurred aboard Discovery once more, from March 24 to April 2, 1992. Dr. Sullivan served as Payload Commander on this mission, designated STS-45 - the first flight of Spacelab dedicated to NASA's Mission to Planet Earth program. In 1993, she retired from NASA but, not before logging a total of 532 hours in space.

Hand in hand with her NASA career, Dr. Sullivan also served her country with the U.S. Naval Reserve (USNR). In 1988, she became a direct commissioned officer with the rank of lieutenant commander. Two years later, Dr. Sullivan was given command of a specialized unit of oceanographers and meteorologists that was based at Naval Air Station Dallas. This facility provided support to the Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command Center on the island of Guam. By the time of her retirement from the USNR in 2006, she had attained the rank of captain.

Though retired from NASA, Dr. Sullivan has since maintained a very active life. Aside from her work as an USNR officer that continued into the first years of the 21st century, she also served as President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Ohio's Center of Science and Industry (COSI). Under her leadership, COSI enhanced its impact on science teaching in the classroom, as well as its national reputation as an innovator of hands-on, inquiry-based science learning resources. Additionally, from 2006-2011, she acted as Director for Ohio State University's Battelle Center for Mathematics and Science Education Policy while continuing with COSI as a volunteer science advisor.

Two decades after leaving NASA, Dr. Sullivan reentered public service within the federal government. In 2011, the Obama administration nominated, and the U.S. Senate confirmed, her as Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction and Deputy Administrator for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Moreover, starting in early 2013, she served as acting NOAA Administrator. The following year, she was confirmed by the Senate as the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and simultaneously, as NOAA Administrator. She remained in these positions until early 2017.

Upon her retirement from government service, Dr. Sullivan was selected for the 2017 Charles A. Lindbergh Chair of Aerospace History Fellowship, at the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum (NASM). During her time with the museum as a Fellow, she focused her research energies on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Based on this research, Dr. Sullivan wrote her book, Handprints on Hubble: An Astronaut's Story of Invention, which was released in 2019.

Dr. Sullivan's life as an explorer, researcher, scientist and public servant continued into the early 2020s. In 2020, she ventured aboard a specially equipped submarine to the bottom of the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench of the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first woman to reach the deepest known point of all of Earth's oceans, as well as the first person to travel to both the Challenger Deep and aboard the shuttle Challenger (and later, Discovery) into outer space. Also, late that year, Dr. Sullivan was named a volunteer member of President-Elect Biden's presidential transition Agency Review team to help facilitate transition efforts connected to the Commerce Department. In 2021, President Biden appointed her to the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

During her decades in public life, Dr. Sullivan has had many honors bestowed upon her and earned numerous awards – too numerous to list all of them here. The following is merely a sample: NASA Space Flight Medal (1984 and 1990), the National Air and Space Museum Trophy, Smithsonian Institution (1985), NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1988 and 1991), NASA Medal for Outstanding Leadership ((1992), Ohio Veteran's Hall of Fame (2001), Ohio Women's Hall of Fame (2002), inductee into the Astronaut Hall of Fame (2004) and the Aviation Week & Space Technology Aerospace Legend Award (2005). Additionally, she has received honorary degrees from multiple colleges, including ones from Brown University and Willamette University.
Provenance:
Kathryn D. Sullivan, Gift, 2018, NASM.2019.0007
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Manned space flight  Search this
Space Shuttle Program (U.S.)  Search this
Space sciences  Search this
Hubble (Large) Space Telescope  Search this
Oceanography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Reports
Citation:
Kathryn D. Sullivan Papers, NASM.2019.0007, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2019.0007
See more items in:
Kathryn D. Sullivan Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2f15d66b1-23b3-47f0-97f1-e66162046440
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2019-0007
Online Media:

La Ligne Aérienne France-Afrique-Amérique du Sud [Victor Cambon] Publication

Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder, 1 booklet, 1 photograph)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1920s; publication circa 1926
Summary:
This collection consists of a circa 1926 French-language booklet written by French author Victor Cambon entitled La Ligne Aérienne France-Afrique-Amérique du Sud (The France-Africa-South America Airline) and possibly intended to be an investment prospectus for the early French airline Lignes Aériennes Latécoère. The publication, heavily illustrated with aerial photographs, discusses postal (air mail) routes operated by Lignes Aériennes Latécoère linking France via Spain to North Africa, details of Pierre-Georges Latécoère's proposed idea of a France-Africa-South America air route, and reference to test flights made in 1925 over the South American portion of the proposed route.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a circa 1926 French-language booklet (11 x 8.5 inches, 28 pages) written by Victor Cambon entitled La Ligne Aérienne France-Afrique-Amérique du Sud (The France-Africa-South America Airline) and possibly intended to be an investment prospectus for Lignes Aériennes Latécoère. The cover features a color illustration of a stylized Latécoère LAT 15 airliner in flight over a partial globe marked with a postal route linking several cities in France, Africa, and South America. The first part of the publication provides an introduction detailing the amount of time it took for mail delivery between France and South America via ship as of 1925 and how that time would be greatly reduced if Pierre-Georges Latécoère's ideas of a France-Africa-South America air route were to be put into action. A map detailing the route and distances between France and Buenos Aires, Argentina is included; a dotted line indicates a special ship route connecting the Cape Verde islands and the islands of Fernando de Noronha off the coast of Brazil. The author provides a history of Latécoère's successful France-Morocco air mail route (started September 1, 1919, between Toulouse and Casablanca via Spain) and France-Dakar route (started June 1, 1925, to continue service on to Dakar, Senegal) as proof of the commercial viability of the concept. A section on the technical organization of Lignes Aériennes Latécoère provides information on the routes, aircraft, engines, repair facilities and procedures then in use by the manufacturer and its airline, and features several photographs of Latécoère aircraft including the LAT 15, LAT 17, and LAT 21; views of the airfield at Toulouse, France; and photographs of noted passengers on the France to Morocco route (Ligne Aérienne France-Maroc) including King Albert I of Belgium, French politicians Laurent Eynac and Paul Painlevé, Marshal Philippe Pétain and Marshal Hubert Lyautey. The second part provides more detailed information on the proposed France-Africa-South America air route, with references to test flights made over the South American portion of the route. The publication includes numerous aerial photographs of locations along the air portion of the route: Toulouse and Carcassonne, France; Barcelona, Alicante, Granada, Peñíscola, and Málaga, Spain; Gibraltar; Tangier, Rabat, and Casablanca, Morocco; Dakar, Senegal; Recife (Pernambuco), Bahia, São Paulo, Porto Alegre, Pelotas, and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Montevideo, Uruguay; and Buenos Aires, Argentina. The publication also contains a heavily retouched black and white aerial print photograph of Carcassonne, France, circa early to mid-1920s.
Arrangement:
No arrangement.
Biographical / Historical:
Following the end of World War I, French aircraft designer and builder Pierre-Georges Latécoère (1883--1943) became interested in creating an air network linking France with cities in Africa and South America. In September 1919, Lignes Aériennes Latécoère (often referred to at the time simply as "La Ligne" or "The Line") initiated service between the Latécoère base at Toulouse, France, with Casablanca, Morocco (then a French protectorate) via several intermediate stops along Spain's Mediterranean coast. In June 1925 service was extended across the Spanish colony of Rio de Oro to Dakar, Senegal (then French West Africa). Although Latécoère did not yet have an aircraft capable of making the South Atlantic crossing between Africa and South America, he went ahead with test flights in 1925 from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to Buenos Aires, Argentina (with six stops enroute), and to Recife, on Brazil's northeast coast (with three stops). The proposed air route would encompass five legs: France, through Casablanca to Saint-Louis-du-Sénégal by airplane; Senegal to the Cape Verde islands off the coast of Africa by seaplane; Cape Verde to the islands of Fernando de Noronha off the coast of Brazil via a special fast surface ship; Fernando de Noronha to Recife by seaplane; and Recife to Rio and Buenos Aires by airplane. Latécoère obtained financial support in Brazil from wealthy French banker Marcel Bouilloux-Lafont (1871--1944), who increased his stake in the business until he took over Lignes Aériennes Latécoère in 1927, renaming it Compagnie Générale Aéropostale (better known simply as Aéropostale) to reflect its strong investment in air mail service. Latécoère returned to aircraft design and manufacturing, with the company becoming most famous in the 20th century for its numerous seaplane models. Still active in the 21st century as the aerospace subcontractor Groupe Latécoère, the company is now known for manufacturing aircraft equipment and substructures such as doors and fuselage sections.

French engineer and journalist Victor Cambon (1852-1927) graduated from and was later a professor at the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in Paris, France. Cambon was a prolific author who published articles and books predominantly on agricultural issues, French economic and colonial problems, and German industrial power, and at one time served as the editor of the scientific journal La Nature.
Provenance:
Unknown (found in collection), 2010, NASM.XXXX.0938
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Air mail service  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Citation:
La Ligne Aérienne France-Afrique-Amérique du Sud [Victor Cambon] Publication, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0938, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0938
See more items in:
La Ligne Aérienne France-Afrique-Amérique du Sud [Victor Cambon] Publication
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b1300e99-8ee0-4385-820a-e612f449e6f0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0938
Online Media:

Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: Progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades

Author:
Bruneau, Anne  Search this
Doyle, Jeff J.  Search this
Herendeen, Patrick  Search this
Hughes, Colin  Search this
Kenicer, Greg  Search this
Lewis, Gwilym  Search this
Mackinder, Barbara  Search this
Pennington, R. Toby  Search this
Sanderson, Michael J.  Search this
Wojciechowski, Martin F.  Search this
Boatwright, Stephen  Search this
Brown, Gillian  Search this
Cardoso, Domingos  Search this
Crisp, Michael  Search this
Egan, Ashley N.  Search this
Fortunato, Renée H.  Search this
Hawkins, Julie  Search this
Kajita, Tadashi  Search this
Klitgaard, Bente  Search this
Koenen, Erik  Search this
Lavin, Matt  Search this
Luckow, Melissa  Search this
Marazzi, Brigitte  Search this
McMahon, Michelle M.  Search this
Miller, Joseph T.  Search this
Murphy, Danel J.  Search this
Ohashi, Hiroyoshi  Search this
de Queiroz, Luciano P.  Search this
Rico, Lourdes  Search this
Särkinen, Tiina  Search this
Schrire, Brian  Search this
Simon, Marcelo F.  Search this
Souza, Elvia R.  Search this
Steele, Kelly  Search this
Torke, Benjamin M.  Search this
Wieringa, Jan J.  Search this
van Wyk, Ben-Erik  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2013
Note:
Not written while at SI
Citation:
Bruneau, Anne, Doyle, Jeff J., Herendeen, Patrick, Hughes, Colin, Kenicer, Greg, Lewis, Gwilym, Mackinder, Barbara, Pennington, R. Toby, Sanderson, Michael J., Wojciechowski, Martin F., Boatwright, Stephen, Brown, Gillian, Cardoso, Domingos, Crisp, Michael, Egan, Ashley N., Fortunato, Renée H., Hawkins, Julie, Kajita, Tadashi, Klitgaard, Bente, Koenen, Erik, Lavin, Matt, Luckow, Melissa, Marazzi, Brigitte, McMahon, Michelle M., Miller, Joseph T. et al. 2013. "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: Progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades." Taxon, 62, (2) 217–248. https://doi.org/10.12705/622.8.
Identifier:
118257
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.12705/622.8
ISSN:
0040-0262
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_118257

Chicken Issue, Push Pin Graphic Number 63

Designer:
Seymour Chwast, American, b. 1931  Search this
David Croland, American, active second half 20th–century  Search this
Milton Glaser, American, 1929–2020  Search this
Joyce MacDonald, American, active second half 20th–century  Search this
Haruo Miyauchi, Japanese-American, active late–20th/early–21st century  Search this
George Stavrinos, American, 1948 - 1990  Search this
John van Hamersveld, American, b. 1941  Search this
Photographer:
Benno Friedman, American, b. 1945  Search this
Arnold Rosenberg, American, b. 1931  Search this
Office of:
Push Pin Studios, New York, New York, USA  Search this
Medium:
Lithograph on heavy wove cream paper
Dimensions:
35.6 × 27 cm (14 in. × 10 5/8 in.)
Type:
graphic design
Newsletter
Object Name:
Newsletter
Made in:
New York, NY, USA
Date:
1976
Credit Line:
Gift of Seymour Chwast
Accession Number:
1998-74-17
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright Notice:
© The Pushpin Group Inc.
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq40714e10c-65ad-4673-adee-33df52cb4864
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1998-74-17

No reservation New York contemporary Native American art movement by David Bunn Martine; edited by Jennifer Tromski; foreword by Dore Ashton

Author:
Martine, David Bunn 1960-  Search this
Writer of foreword:
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Editor:
Tromski, Jennifer  Search this
Publisher:
Amerinda  Search this
Physical description:
259 pages illustrations (some color) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
2017
21st century
20th century
Topic:
Indian art  Search this
Indian artists  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1147628

Durban in 2010 : achievements, myths and realities

Author:
Martin, Marilyn 1943-2022  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Durban Art Gallery  Search this
World Cup (Soccer) (2010 : South Africa)  Search this
Type:
Articles
Exhibitions
Place:
South Africa
Durban
Date:
2011
21st century
Topic:
Art, South African  Search this
Call number:
N1 .A258
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_966917

Cabinet

Physical description:
v. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
2000
2000-
20th century
21st century
Topic:
Arts, Modern  Search this
Call number:
AP1 .C12
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_842988

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