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Burroughs, Margaret and DuSable Museum

Collection Creator:
White, Charles, 1918-1979  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 42
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1949-circa 1971
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles W. White papers, 1933-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles W. White papers
Charles W. White papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw927053dab-75f8-4821-8e0d-9448653ae1e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-whitchar-ref52
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Charles Pollock papers

Creator:
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Names:
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Extent:
3.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Date:
1875-1994
Summary:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1994. Found within the papers are biographical materials; family and personal correspondence; subject files on art and professional topics; writings; printed material; artwork, including political cartoons and figurative sketches; and photographs of Pollock, his family and friends, and his work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1994. Found within the papers are biographical materials; family and personal correspondence; subject files on art and professional topics; writings; printed material; artwork, including political cartoons and figurative sketches; and photographs of Pollock, his family and friends, and his work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1945-1988 (7 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1927-1994 (1 linear foot; Boxes 1-2)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1931-1988 (0.8 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Writings, 1935-1965 (2 folders; Box 2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1930-1990 (4 folders; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork, 1925-1949 (0.7 linear feet; Box 3, OV 5-8)

Series 7: Photographic Materials, 1875-1987 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock (1902-1988) lived and worked in East Lansing, Michigan, New York City, Detroit, and Paris, France and painted in a social realist style early in his career before transitioning to abstract works in the 1940s. He is also the eldest brother of the abstract expressionist Jackson Pollock.

Born in Denver, Colorado to Stella McClure and LeRoy Pollock, Pollock received his early art training at the Otis Institute in Los Angeles, California. In 1926, he moved to New York City to attend the Art Students League where he studied under Thomas Hart Benton, with whom Jackson also studied after joining Charles in New York in 1930. In New York, he met and married his first wife, Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock, in 1931.

Pollock moved to Washington, D.C. in 1935 to work for the Resettlement Administration, and after two years, accepted a position as the political illustrator for the United Automobile Workers' newspaper in Detroit. After a short stint as the illustrator and layout editor for the paper, Pollock served as the supervisor of the Michigan WPA Mural Painting and Graphic Arts division from 1938 to 1942.

Upon completion of a three panel mural for Michigan State University in 1942, Pollock was invited to join the faculty of the art department, where he taught lettering, printmaking, typography, and design. During his twenty-five year tenure at the University, he also served as a book designer for the University's Press and continued to develop his abstract painting style. He met and married his second wife, Sylvia Winter Pollock, in 1957. Pollock served as the University of Pennsylvania's artist in residence in 1965 and 1967, and was the recipient of a National Foundation of Arts Grant (1967) and a Guggenheim Grant (1967-1968). The Pollocks moved to Paris in 1970, where Charles died of complications from a stroke in 1988.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock memoirs and the Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers.
Separated Materials:
Nine works of art included in the 1975 gift from Elizabeth Pollock were transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum, formerly the National Collection of Fine Arts, in 1976.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1975 by Pollock's first wife, Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock, with assistance from Charles Pollock on the selection of items. Additional materials were donated in 1988 by his second wife, Sylvia Winter Pollock. From 1991 to 1994, Elizabeth Pollock gifted additional correspondence and photographs to the Archives.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- France  Search this
Muralists -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art teachers -- Michigan  Search this
Muralists -- Michigan  Search this
Painters -- Michigan  Search this
Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Citation:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pollchar
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e0a28c09-daf6-4919-b503-d625e833fcef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pollchar
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Walter Midener, 1981 Aug. 3

Interviewee:
Midener, Walter, 1912-1998  Search this
Midener, Walter, 1912-1998  Search this
Interviewer:
Barrie, Dennis, 1947-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Sculptors -- Michigan -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12737
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212148
AAA_collcode_midene81
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212148
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Glen Kaufman, 2008 January 22-February 23

Interviewee:
Kaufman, Glen, 1932-  Search this
Kaufman, Glen, 1932-  Search this
Interviewer:
Shea, Josephine, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Allrich, Louise  Search this
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Cook, Camille J.  Search this
Grotell, Maija  Search this
Johnston, Meda Parker  Search this
Lambert, Ed  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor  Search this
Liebes, Dorothy  Search this
McCutchen, Earl  Search this
Page, Charlene  Search this
Rossbach, Ed  Search this
Strengell, Marianne  Search this
Thompson, Bill  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Reserve Officers Training Corps  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Place:
Denmark -- description and travel
Europe -- description and travel
Illinois -- Chicago -- Description and travel
India -- description and travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
Ohio -- Description and travel
Topic:
Art -- Japan -- Kyoto  Search this
Textile artists -- Georgia -- Athens  Search this
Textile artists -- Japan -- Kyoto  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16155
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)366203
AAA_collcode_kaufma08
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_366203
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Zubel Kachadoorian, 1974 Apr. 1-13

Interviewee:
Kachadoorian, Zubel John, 1924-2002  Search this
Kachadoorian, Zubel John, 1924-2002  Search this
Interviewer:
Barrie, Dennis, 1947-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Educators -- Michigan -- Detroit -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11718
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212771
AAA_collcode_kachad74
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212771

Oral history interview with Walter Midener, 1974 July 10-17

Interviewee:
Midener, Walter, 1912-1998  Search this
Midener, Walter, 1912-1998  Search this
Interviewer:
Barrie, Dennis, 1947-  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- Michigan -- Detroit -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13295
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212903
AAA_collcode_midene74
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212903

Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994

Creator:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil), 1902-1988  Search this
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil), 1902-1988  Search this
Subject:
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8942
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211128
AAA_collcode_pollchar
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211128
Online Media:

Percy Ives papers, circa 1890-1994, bulk circa 1890-circa 1930

Creator:
Ives, Percy L. (Percival L.), 1864-1928  Search this
Ives, Percy L. (Percival L.), 1864-1928  Search this
Subject:
Detroit Museum of Art. School  Search this
Type:
Glass negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Topic:
Art--Study and teaching--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios--Photographs  Search this
Arts administrators--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Portrait painters--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Portrait painting--United States  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9282
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211477
AAA_collcode_ivesperc
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211477
Online Media:

Zubel Kachadoorian letter, 1955 Nov. 8

Creator:
Kachadoorian, Zubel John, 1924-2002  Search this
Kachadoorian, Zubel John, 1924-2002  Search this
Subject:
Reeve, Claire  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10375
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213709
AAA_collcode_kachzube
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213709

Guy Palazzola letter, 1944 May 27

Creator:
Palazzola, Guy, 1919-1978  Search this
Palazzola, Guy, 1919-1978  Search this
Subject:
Robinson, Francis W. (Francis Waring)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5648
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208482
AAA_collcode_palaguy
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208482

Julius Rolshoven papers, 1873-1985

Creator:
Rolshoven, Julius, 1858-1930  Search this
Rolshoven, Julius, 1858-1930  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7141
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209275
AAA_collcode_rolsjuli
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209275

Walter Midener papers, 1938-1973

Creator:
Midener, Walter, 1912-1998  Search this
Society of Arts and Crafts (Detroit, Mich.)  Search this
Midener, Walter, 1912-1998  Search this
Subject:
Ascoli, Max  Search this
Warburg, Edward M. M.  Search this
McVey, William Mozart  Search this
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7909
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210076
AAA_collcode_midewalt
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210076

Marian V. Loud papers, ca.1905-1956

Creator:
Loud, Marian V. (Marian Violet), 1880-1956  Search this
Loud, Marian V. (Marian Violet), 1880-1956  Search this
Subject:
Detroit Society of Women Painters and Sculptors  Search this
Detroit Federation of Women's Clubs  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Painting -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Women  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7915
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210083
AAA_collcode_loudmari
Theme:
Diaries
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210083

Oral history interview with Robert John Wilbert

Interviewee:
Wilbert, Robert, 1929-  Search this
Interviewer:
Miro, Marsha  Search this
Extent:
147 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1977 Aug. 9-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Robert J. Wilbert conducted 1977 August 9-19, by Marsha Miro, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert John Wilbert (1929-) was an art educator at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hr., 24 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.wilber77
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9077ee428-4929-47d5-8e2b-d7621cc016d7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wilber77

Jane B. Welling papers

Creator:
Welling, Jane B., 1895-1970  Search this
Extent:
4.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1922-1976
Scope and Contents:
Illustrated letters; photographs of Welling and her friends, and of works of art by her students; a diary; two address books; writings and notes including drafts for her book, THE ART OF IT ALL; sketches and drawings; printed material; and miscellany.
Biographical / Historical:
Art instructor; Detroit, Mich.
Provenance:
Donated 1982 by Betsey Reid, Jane Welling's niece.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Educators -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Topic:
Women educators  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.welljane
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9cb3fd0dc-7d43-43e6-9f22-51e9679aeeae
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-welljane

Walter Midener papers

Creator:
Midener, Walter, 1912-1998  Search this
Society of Arts and Crafts (Detroit, Mich.)  Search this
Names:
Ascoli, Max  Search this
McVey, William Mozart, 1905-1995  Search this
Warburg, Edward M. M.  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1938-1973
Scope and Contents:
Resume, correspondence, photographs, miscellany, and clippings.
REEL 880: Resume, ca. 104 letters, 2 photographs of Midener, 1945, (one with collector Edward M. M. Warburg), and miscellany. Correspondents include Nathan Cummings, Curt Valentin, Edward Warburg, and others.
REEL 103: Correspondence from the Buchholz Gallery, Barone Gallery and Little Gallery, arranging sales and exhibits of Midener's wood sculpture; from various Jewish organizations in New York and Cincinnati, commissioning Midener's work; collectors Edward Warburg and Jakob Goldschmidt, and personal friends, including sculptor William McVey and Max Ascoli, the last writing a letter of introduction. Clippings showing Midener's religious art, catalogs and occasional photographs are also included.
UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence, 1947-1978, relating to Midener's work at the Art School of the Society of Arts and Crafts; commissions; loans; and other mostly business matters.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor, art instructor and art administrator, Detroit, Michigan. Born in Leignitz, Germany. Attended Kunst Akademie in Berlin, 1932-1936. Came to U.S. in 1938. Taught at Henry Street Settlement in New York, N.Y., Cleveland Institute of Art, and Art School of the Society of Arts and Crafts becoming president of the board of trustees in 1976. Won the Tiffany Fellowship for Sculpture, 1940.
Provenance:
Donated 1965 and 1974 by Walter Midener and in 1978 by his estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Sculptors -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.midewalt
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b37eadd1-2258-4ce3-88d1-e5a2f5f6b5fe
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-midewalt

Gerald Mast papers

Creator:
Mast, Gerald, 1908-1971  Search this
Names:
Society of Arts and Crafts (Detroit, Mich.)  Search this
Carroll, John, 1892-1959  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Date:
[ca. 1928-1971]
Scope and Contents:
Biographical sketches; correspondence with Mast's family and others; photographs of Mast, his family, John Carroll's art class at the Society of Arts and Crafts in Detroit and other art classes, WPA murals, and other works of art; three sketchbooks, 1935-1952; ca. 50 loose sketches; writings, including manuscripts of "Egg Tempera" and "Philosophy of Art"; exhibition catalogues; clippings; and printed materials.
ADDITION: Correspondence, photographs, a sketchbook, 1928, and drawings from the 1930's and 1940's, including a sketch for the mural, "Nature's Kin" for the Children's Section of the Herrick Public Library, Holland, Mich.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, mural painter, mosaicist, and educator, Grand Rapids, Mich./Providence, R.I.
Provenance:
Donated 1978-1982 by Gerald Mast's daughter, Mrs. Gordon V.K. (Betsey M.) Reid.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan  Search this
Mosaicists -- Michigan  Search this
Muralists -- Michigan  Search this
Painters -- Michigan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.mastgera
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ef26bf3a-ae1c-4bc5-afc7-0fec3c73148d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mastgera

Marian V. Loud papers

Creator:
Loud, Marian V. (Marian Violet), 1880-1956  Search this
Names:
Detroit Federation of Women's Clubs  Search this
Detroit Society of Women Painters and Sculptors  Search this
Extent:
5 Volumes ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Scrapbooks
Date:
ca.1905-1956
Scope and Contents:
A diary, 1905, of a European trip Loud took, including notes, a sketch, photographs, and printed material; and four scrapbooks containing letters, photographs, sketches, and printed material pertaining to her family, the Liggit School, the Detroit Society of Women Painters and Sculptors, and the Detroit Federation of Women's Clubs.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, writer, lecturer, teacher; born Medford, Mass. Studied in Munich and in New York. Attended the Liggett School, and graduated in 1901. Was a faculty member of the Detroit School of Design, 1911-1916, and the Liggett School, 1916-1945. Lectured in art history at the School of the Society of Arts and Crafts, 1932-1952. Was chairman of the fine arts committee of the Detroit Federation of Women's Clubs and the president of the Detroit Society of Women Painters and Sculptors.
Provenance:
The lender, Thomas Brunk, does research on women artists in Detroit, Mich.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Painters -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Topic:
Painting -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Function:
Arts organizations -- Michigan
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.loudmari
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d5d5fd3c-86d4-4d9c-ba8f-b8e5db8f1c41
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-loudmari

Percy Ives papers

Creator:
Ives, Percy L. (Percival L.), 1864-1928  Search this
Names:
Detroit Museum of Art. School  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
circa 1890-1994
bulk circa 1890-circa 1930
Summary:
The papers of Detroit portrait painter Percy Ives (1864-1928), measure 1.4 linear feet and date from circa 1890-1994, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1890-circa 1930. Two hundred and fifty-eight glass plate negatives of sitters, models, and artwork by Ives form the bulk of the collection. Additional papers include two 1923 letters, a folder of notes, news clippings, sketches, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Detroit portrait painter Percy Ives (1864-1928), measure 1.4 linear feet and date from circa 1890-1994, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1890-circa 1930. Two hundred and fifty-eight glass plate negatives of sitters, models, and artwork by Ives form the bulk of the collection. Additional papers include two 1923 letters, a folder of notes, news clippings, sketches, and photographs.

Letters include one to "The Oil and Colour Man" from "The Dweller in the Cave of Winds," and an IOU from A. W. "Gus" Ives to Percy Ives.

Notes include seven index cards with notes on "nibbles" and sales of paintings; and notes about Ives made in 1936 by James Parker's father. News clippings include four 1940 issues of a newspaper column, "We Old Timers," about Ives and his family.

Artwork consists of fifty-eight pencil sketches which have been mounted on the pages of a photograph album.

Thirty-seven photographs, most of them mounted on paper, include two which appear to be of Ives in his studio. The other photographs are of the interior and exterior of a house, an unidentified woman, farm scenes, and other outdoor scenes. There are also two photographs of paintings by Ives, including a self portrait.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of the collection, the papers are arranged as one series.

Series 1: Percy Ives Papers, (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 1-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter and dean of the Detroit Museum of Art School, Percy Ives (1864-1928), was the son of artist Lewis Thomas Ives; father and son were considered to be among the most notable Detroit artists of the latter part of the nineteenth century.

Ives studied initially with his father, and subsequently attended the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in the early-1880s, and the Academié Julian and École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1884 to 1890. He exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1887 and 1893, and at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.

After returning to the United States, Ives settled in Detroit where his father had a studio, and painted portraits, often of prominent men of Michigan, as well as a number of people outside the state including Grover Cleveland and Walt Whitman. Notable examples of his portraiture hang in many of the county and state buildings of Michigan.

Ives was a member of several Detroit artist associations, such as the Scarab Club, served as incorporator, trustee, and treasurer of the Detroit Museum of Art before it became the Detroit Institute of Arts, was appointed dean of the museum school in 1896, and designed the seal of the institute.

Ives died suddenly in 1928 at the age of 63.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel 593) including two diaries, 1885-1887 and 1903-1907, three albums containing photographs of family and friends, a book of illustrations of commercial signs painted by Ives, and fifteen loose sketches. Lent materials were returned to the Burton Historical Collection of the Detroit Public Library in Detroit, Michigan and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Burton Historical Collection of the Detroit Public Library gave the Archives of American Art Percy Ives' sketches and glass plate negatives in 1956-1957 and lent material for microfilming in 1973. James B. Parker, whose father, Dr. Albert Russell Parker, purchased Ives's desk with the items intact, donated additional material in 1994.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Topic:
Art--Study and teaching--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios--Photographs  Search this
Arts administrators--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Portrait painters--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Portrait painting--United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Percy Ives papers, circa 1890-1994, bulk circa 1890-circa 1930. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ivesperc
See more items in:
Percy Ives papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98b271e3c-7eb5-4445-97a2-6e3cff70776c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ivesperc
Online Media:

Rudolph Schaeffer papers

Creator:
Schaeffer, Rudolph  Search this
Names:
East & West Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976 -- Photographs  Search this
Frey, Caroline  Search this
Frey, Fred  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959 -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
13.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Place:
Japan -- Description and Travel
Date:
1880s-1997
Summary:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997 and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997, and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.

Correspondence documents Schaeffer's personal and professional activities as well as the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design. Subject files contain various combinations of correspondence, photographs, printed material, and drawings reflecting Schaeffer's activities, projects, and interests. Within the subject files is correspondence with artists, including Mark Tobey. Extensive writings include manuscripts for published and unpublished articles and drafts, notes, and manuscripts of several unpublished books including Collected Lectures of Rudolph Schaeffer on Color and Design, Color and Design, Prismatic Color Theory, and Rhythmo-Chromatics, all undated. Diaries include a volume recording Schaeffer's 1936 trip to Japan. 42 volumes of journals, compiled between 1954 and 1987, contain entries on a wide range of subjects including lists of errands, invitation lists, class notes, drafts of letters, notes including staff assignments and staff meetings, autobiographical notes and reminiscences, and musings on religion and philosophy.

The Artwork series houses artwork by Schaeffer and his students. Found are hand-made Christmas cards, designs, sketches, and sketchbooks. Seven scrapbooks document Rudolph Schaeffer's career, his school and former students, and the San Francisco art scene. They contain printed material, photographs, letters, and a small amount of artwork. Volume 3 is devoted to East West Gallery, and volume 7 documents Rudolph Schaeffer's 90th Birthday and the 50th Anniversary of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Most untranscribed sound recordings (audio cassettes and reels) are of lectures by Schaeffer and others delivered at the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Miscellaneous records includes a series of hand-baticked fabric samples from the Wiener Werkstatte, as well as transcripts of an oral history with Schaeffer and other interviews.

Printed material concerns the career of Rudolph Schaeffer, his school and former students, the San Francisco art scene, and general art topics. Included are articles and a book by Schaeffer, catalogs and other items produced by the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and miscellaneous items about or mentioning Schaeffer and his school. Items of note are announcements of courses taught by Schaeffer in Piedmont and San Francisco prior to the opening of his school, and theatre programs from productions with sets and some costumes designed by Schaeffer in the early 1920s.

Photographs are of artwork, people, places, events, stage designs, and miscellaneous subjects. Artwork includes some designs by Rudolph Schaeffer; people include Schaeffer, his family, friends, and students. Of particular note are a photograph of Frank Lloyd Wright's visit to the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and one of Rudolph Schaeffer and Imogen Cunningham. Places include interior and exterior views of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design at its St. Anne Street and Mariposa Street locations. Also included are photographs by Ansel Adams of the home of Ed and Caroline Fey.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1900-1988 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1906-1989 (Box 1, 19; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1907-1988 (Boxes 1-2, OV 16; 1.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1910-1987 (Boxes 2-6, 15, 19, 21; 4.2 linear ft.)

Series 5: Artwork, 1911-1957 (Boxes 6-15, 19, 21 OV 17; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1933-1976 (Boxes 6, 14, 19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Sound Recordings, 1949-1986 (Boxes 11-13; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1905-1986 (Box 7, 19, 22; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1906-1994 (Boxes 7-8, 15, 19, 22; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographs, 1880s-circa 1988 (Boxes 8-10,15, 20, 22, OV 18; 1.8 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Rudolph Schaeffer (1886-1988), a proponent of the Arts and Crafts movement, aspired to unite technology, science, and lifestyle in order to live in harmony with nature. An individual with many talents and interests, he was best known for his work in the field of color study and as a teacher and the founder of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco.

Born on a farm in Clare, Michigan in 1886, Rudolph Schaeffer displayed musical and artistic talent from a young age. Although he initially wanted to become a professional musician, he began focusing more on art when his musical abilities were compromised by an improperly set broken wrist. Schaeffer received his first formal art training as a high school student and then attended the Thomas Normal Training School in Detroit, where he studied music, art, and design. He continued studying independently, developing interests in calligraphy and metal craft.

In 1907, Schaeffer taught manual training courses in the Columbus, Ohio, public schools. The following summer he traveled to Paris and London. While in London he saw an exhibition of Josef Hoffman's modern interiors that had a great impact on his own design ideas. He then returned to Michigan and taught in schools close to home. In 1909, Schaeffer attended a design course in Minneapolis taught by A. E. Batchelder, director of Throop Polytechnic Institute in Pasadena. Both Batchelder and his course were strong influences on Schaeffer, as was Ralph Johnot, a proponent of Arthur Wesley Dow's design principles. In 1910 Schaeffer joined the faculty of Throop Polytechnic Institute, where he remained for five years.

The U. S. Commission on Education selected Schaeffer to be part of a delegation of twenty-five American teachers sent to Munich for several months in 1914 to investigate the exemplary industrial design curriculum offered in their secondary schools. Schaeffer subsequently expected to begin teaching at the Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles at the start of the 1914 school year, but World War I erupted while he was in Germany and his return to the United States was delayed so long that another teacher had to be hired to fill his place.

In 1915 Schaeffer was a manual training instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts (formerly the Hopkins School), and taught design and metal crafts at the University of California Berkeley. For a number of years afterwards, he did free lance design work, taught private classes, and ran a small summer school in his Piedmont studio. Schaeffer was a visiting professor at Stanford University in 1918 when he was drafted and sent to drafting and surveying courses by the Army. Between 1917 and 1924 Schaeffer was on the faculty of the California College of Arts and Crafts where he taught design, color, handicrafts, and interior design. During this period he developed a new approach to teaching color and design based on the prismatic color wheel.

During the early 1920s Schaeffer worked as a set designer and as Art Director of Greek Theatre at the University of California at Berkeley, Schaeffer began applying prismatic color theory to set and costume design. He also designed sets for productions in Detroit. In 1925, Schaeffer saw the Paris Exposition and researched interior and stage design while in France.

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design which, in its early days was called the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Rhythmo-Chromatic Design, opened on St. Anne Street in San Francisco's Chinatown in 1926. In 1951 the school then moved to Union Street on Telegraph Hill where it remained for nearly a decade. In 1960, the school purchased a former boys' school on Mariposa Street, Portero Hill. Rudolph Schaeffer lived in a small cottage built for him at the rear of the property where he designed and tended a remarkable "Peace Garden."

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was best known for its courses in color and interior design. Schaeffer was the first person in the United States to teach prismatic color theory, is credited with being the first to use the term "interior design" rather than "interior decoration" and the first to incorporate the use of models into interior design coursework. In 1959 the school's courses were expanded from 2 to 3-year programs and a diploma was awarded. Former students include many successful interior designers, textile designers, furniture designers, industrial designers, commercial artists, color consultants, teachers, and master flower arrangers.

In addition to the interior design and color diploma courses, the school offered a summer session, classes for children, a brief lecture series for the general public, and a wide variety of classes including advertising art, architecture and design, art history, art in public schools, calligraphy, color design, color for television, color for weavers, color theory, design, drawing, environmental aesthetics, fashion design, fashion illustration, flower arrangement, industrial design, interior design, Notan, sculpture, space planning, textile design, and weaving. Always struggling financially and sometimes lacking adequate enrollment, the school nevertheless managed to stay open for nearly 60 years. In 1984, the Board of Directors voted to remove Schaeffer from the board and close the school. Two years earlier the board had forced Schaeffer to retire, appointed him Director Emeritus, and brought in a new director charged with making the institution financially solvent, reorganizing the curriculum, and working toward accreditation. Unable to separate himself from the school (though he had done so legally when it was incorporated in 1953), Schaeffer balked and refused to cooperate with plans for revitalizing the institution.

One of the aims of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was to interpret Asian esthetic principles. To this end the East West Gallery was established at the school in 1950. A membership organization, it offered exhibitions, lectures, concerts, and other programs that encouraged cultural integration. Exhibitions alternated between East (Asian art and artifacts from Rudolph Schaeffer's collection or other sources) and West (student work or work of local artists illustrating the influence of the Asian esthetic on contemporary art and design). East West Gallery was a membership organization, the first space of its kind in San Francisco for Asian art and operated in each of the school's locations.

In addition to running the school Schaeffer was involved in many other activities. He wrote several articles about flower arrangement, color, and color theory that were published in popular magazines. In 1935, he published Flower Arrangement Folio I (said to be the first on the subject published in this country) and in 1942 edited and wrote the introduction to Sunset's Flower Arrangement Book by Nell True Welch. Over a period of many years, he worked on several monographs on color, design, and "rhythmo-chromatics." None were ever published.

A sought-after speaker on the subjects of color, interior design, flower arrangement, and myriad other art topics, Schaeffer frequently served as a juror for art exhibitions and flower shows. From the 1930s on, the San Francisco department store Emporium used his services as a color consultant, as did Dutch Boy paints, and numerous textile and clothing manufacturers. Builders also asked Schaeffer to select interior and exterior colors for suburban housing developments.

Schaeffer worked on planning and designing the decorative arts exhibition at the 1939-40 Golden Gate International Exposition. In 1943-44, he participated in the Red Cross's Arts and Skills program, using color therapy with shell-shocked soldiers in a psychiatric unit.

The Rudolph Schaeffer Collection of Asian Art began as a collection of ceramics, both historical and contemporary examples chosen for their form and color, which he used for flower arrangements and in set-ups for still life classes. It soon expanded to include color prints, paintings, screens, and other works of art and portions were exhibited frequently in the East West Gallery. Selections from this collection were exhibited in Kansas City in 1960 and at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco in 1976.

The City of San Francisco declared June 26, 1986, Schaeffer's 100th birthday, "Rudolph Schaeffer Day" and it was observed with great fanfare. He died at home on March 5, 1988, a few months before his 102nd birthday.
Provenance:
The Rudolph Schaeffer papers were donated in 1991 by Rudolph Schaeffer and the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design administrator Peter Docili, and in 1999 and 2000 by James Alexander, a friend of both Schaeffer and Docili, who had been storing portions of Docili's estate after his death in 1998, with the assistance of Frances Valesco, a fiber artist and researcher. An addition was received in 2007 by William Woodworth, a close friend and caretaker of Schaeffer's and in 2017 and 2018 by Frances Valesco.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Designers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Authors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Color -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Citation:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers, 1880s-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.scharudo
See more items in:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e577bb5b-7a69-4e35-a266-06d309085a6a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-scharudo

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