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Oral history interview with Robert John Wilbert

Interviewee:
Wilbert, Robert, 1929-  Search this
Interviewer:
Miro, Marsha  Search this
Extent:
147 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1977 Aug. 9-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Robert J. Wilbert conducted 1977 August 9-19, by Marsha Miro, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Robert John Wilbert (1929-) was an art educator at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hr., 24 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.wilber77
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wilber77

Oral history interview with Aarre K. Lahti

Interviewee:
Lahti, Aarre K.  Search this
Interviewer:
Ehrlich, Heyward  Search this
Extent:
52 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1964
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Aarre Lahti conducted by Heyward Ehrlich in 1964 for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Aarre K. Lahti (1908-1993) was a sculptor and an instructor in Ann Arbor, Mich.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 2 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hrs., 55 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.lahti64
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lahti64
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Jean Charlot

Interviewee:
Charlot, Jean, 1898-1979  Search this
Interviewer:
Lesley, Miriam L.  Search this
Hollis, Alice  Search this
Names:
Hendrickson, Paul  Search this
Roberts, James, Brother  Search this
Extent:
21 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1961 August 18
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Jean Charlot conducted by Miriam L. Lesley and Alice Hollis on 1961 August 18 for the Archives of American Art.
Charlot speaks of a fresco painting for Our Lady of Sorrows church in Farmington, Michigan; how he decides upon a fresco design and subject; the technical aspects of the work; his feelings about Asian art; church architecture and its relation to art; teaching art history; the influences in his past which directed him into painting. Also present during the interview are Paul Hendrickson and Brother James Roberts.
Biographical / Historical:
Jean Charlot (1898-1979) was a painter, illustrator, lithographer, and teacher in Honolulu, Hawaii. Full name Louis Henri Jean Charlot.
General:
Originally recorded on 1 sound tape reel. Reformatted in 2010 as 1 digital wav file. Duration is 54 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Painters -- Hawaii -- Interviews  Search this
Art teachers -- Hawaii -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Muralists -- Hawaii -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.charlo61
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-charlo61
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Harlan Butt

Interviewee:
Butt, Harlan W., 1950-  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
American Craft Council  Search this
Arrowmont School of Arts and Crafts -- Faculty  Search this
Enamelist Society  Search this
Haystack Mountain School of Crafts -- Faculty  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Penland School of Crafts -- Faculty  Search this
Rhode Island School of Design -- Faculty  Search this
San Diego State University -- Faculty  Search this
Society of North American Goldsmiths  Search this
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale -- Students  Search this
Tyler School of Art -- Students  Search this
University of North Texas -- Faculty  Search this
Brooks, Jan  Search this
Glantz, Ken  Search this
Japanese tea ceremony  Search this
Kington, L. Brent (Louis Brent), 1934-2013  Search this
Lechtzin, Stanley, 1936-  Search this
Moty, Eleanor  Search this
Paley, Albert  Search this
Pijanowski, Eugene, 1938-  Search this
Pijanowski, Hiroko Sato, 1942-  Search this
Pujol, Elliot  Search this
Scanga, Italo, 1932-2001  Search this
Shirk, Helen Z., 1942-  Search this
Snyder, Gary, 1930-  Search this
Staffel, Rudolf, 1911-2002  Search this
Winokur, Robert, 1933-  Search this
Extent:
7 Items (Sound recording: 7 sound files (5 hr., 19 min.), digital, wav)
90 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Australia -- Description and Travel
India -- description and travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
Date:
2009 July 27-28
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Harlan W. Butt conducted 2009 July 27-28, by Mija Riedel, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at Butt's studio, in Ptarmigan Meadows, Colorado.
Harlan Butt speaks of the influence of Asian art on his work; the use of text and imagery in his work; the use of pattern in his work; his undergraduate minor in weaving; the influence of Asian religion and mythology; series The Earth Beneath Our Feet , Garden Anagogies, and Snakes in Heaven; his childhood growing up in Hopewell, New Jersey, near Princeton; undergraduate work at Tyler School of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; discovery of Buddhism and Eastern religions; his mother's death when he was 20; studying with Stanley Lechtzin and Elliot Pujol at Tyler; graduate school at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale; interest in Japanese tea ceremony; more exploration of Zen Buddhism; use of color in his work; studying with L. Brent Kington; reliquary series; move to Connecticut in 1974; second trip to Japan in 1984 to co-curate Kyoto Metal: An Exhibition of Contemporary Japanese Art Metalwork; introduction to Japanese system of artisan apprenticeship; early efforts as a writer and poet; the influence of poet Gary Snyder; summer teaching position at Rhode Island School of Design, Providence; teaching job at San Diego [California] State University in the mid-1970s; rattles and pipes series; exploring the Western landscape; the power of the snake image; taking a teaching position at University of North Texas, Denton (1976- ); first trip to Japan in 1980; differences in artisanal/metalworking practices in Japan and the United States; teaching workshops at various craft schools, Penland School of Crafts, Penland, North Carolina; Haystack School of Crafts, Deer Isle, Maine; and Arrowmont School of Arts and Crafts, Gatlinburg, Tennessee, compared with teaching in a university; the pros and cons of the gallery system; work with the Nancy Yaw Gallery, Birmingham, Michigan; the challenge of commission work; National Parks Project, Denton Center for the Visual Arts, Denton, Texas; the role of haiku and text in his pieces; series 1,001 Views of Mt. Mu; series Snakes in Heaven; the influence of his wife and children; trip to India and organizing Colour & Light: The Art and Craft of Enamel on Metal, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai, 2001; trip to Australia; involvement with the Society of North American Goldsmiths, Enamelist Society, and American Craft Council; subtle issues of environmentalism in his work; his affinity for metalsmithing and enameling. He also recalls [Rudolf] Staffel, Robert Winokur, Italo Scanga, Jan Brooks, Mike Riegel, Rachelle Thiewes, Eleanor Moty, Albert Paley, Shumei Tanaka, Ken Glantz (Ken Chowder), Randy Thelma Coles, Sandy Green, Mickey McCarter, Gene Pijanowski, Hiroko Pijanowski, Toshihiro Yamanaka, Helen Shirk, Ana Lopez, and Sarah Perkins.
Biographical / Historical:
Harlan W. Butt (1950- ) is an artist, metalsmith, and educator in Denton, Texas. Mija Riedel (1958- ) is a writer and independent scholar in San Francisco, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound mini discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav files. Duration is 5 hr., 19 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, Asian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Buddhism  Search this
Metal-workers -- Texas -- Interviews  Search this
Weaving -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.butt09
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-butt09
Online Media:

Jane B. Welling papers

Creator:
Welling, Jane B., 1895-1970  Search this
Extent:
4.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1922-1976
Scope and Contents:
Illustrated letters; photographs of Welling and her friends, and of works of art by her students; a diary; two address books; writings and notes including drafts for her book, THE ART OF IT ALL; sketches and drawings; printed material; and miscellany.
Biographical / Historical:
Art instructor; Detroit, Mich.
Provenance:
Donated 1982 by Betsey Reid, Jane Welling's niece.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Educators -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Topic:
Women educators  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.welljane
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-welljane

Emil Weddige interviews

Creator:
Weddige, Emil, 1907-  Search this
Interviewer:
Hamp, Stephen  Search this
Extent:
4 Sound tapes ((140 p. transcript), 5 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound tapes
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1977 Dec. 17-1978 Feb. 11
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Emil Weddige conducted by Stephen Hamp. Weddige speaks of early years; the Depression; Pittsburgh Art Academy; his work; studying and working in Paris; techniques of lithography; 19th and 20th century lithography; his ideas on art and graphics; work methods; and his experiences with museums and curators.
Biographical / Historical:
Lithographer, educator; Ann Arbor, Michigan. Died February 2001.
Provenance:
Donor unknown.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Lithographers -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.weddemii
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-weddemii

Richard Thomas papers

Creator:
Thomas, Richard C., 1917-1988  Search this
Names:
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Johnston, Randolph Wardell, 1904-  Search this
McVey, William Mozart, 1905-1995  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot ((partially microfilmed on 1 reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1948-1979
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material; correspondence; writings and lecture notes; sketches and drawings; photographs; slides; and printed material.
Biographical / Historical:
Metalsmith, instructor at Cranbrook Academy of Art; Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.
Provenance:
Material on reel 926 lent for microfilming 1974; and unfilmed material donated 1975 by Richard Thomas.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Metal-workers  Search this
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Topic:
Metal-work -- Study and teaching -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.thomrich
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-thomrich

Zoltan L. Sepeshy papers

Creator:
Sepeshy, Zoltan, 1898-1974  Search this
Names:
Cranbrook Academy of Art  Search this
Extent:
11 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1958-1965
Scope and Contents:
Commencement addresses delivered by Sepeshy at Cranbrook Academy of Art while serving as a faculty member and administrator; clippings; a curriculum vita; and an essay by Sepeshy on judging art.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, educator, Cranbrook Academy; Bloomfield Hills and Birmingham, Michigan.
Provenance:
Originally lent for microfilming 1973. Subsequently donated by Sepeshy, 1975.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Painters -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.sepezolt
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sepezolt

Walter Midener papers

Creator:
Midener, Walter, 1912-1998  Search this
Society of Arts and Crafts (Detroit, Mich.)  Search this
Names:
Ascoli, Max  Search this
McVey, William Mozart, 1905-1995  Search this
Warburg, Edward M. M.  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1938-1973
Scope and Contents:
Resume, correspondence, photographs, miscellany, and clippings.
REEL 880: Resume, ca. 104 letters, 2 photographs of Midener, 1945, (one with collector Edward M. M. Warburg), and miscellany. Correspondents include Nathan Cummings, Curt Valentin, Edward Warburg, and others.
REEL 103: Correspondence from the Buchholz Gallery, Barone Gallery and Little Gallery, arranging sales and exhibits of Midener's wood sculpture; from various Jewish organizations in New York and Cincinnati, commissioning Midener's work; collectors Edward Warburg and Jakob Goldschmidt, and personal friends, including sculptor William McVey and Max Ascoli, the last writing a letter of introduction. Clippings showing Midener's religious art, catalogs and occasional photographs are also included.
UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence, 1947-1978, relating to Midener's work at the Art School of the Society of Arts and Crafts; commissions; loans; and other mostly business matters.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor, art instructor and art administrator, Detroit, Michigan. Born in Leignitz, Germany. Attended Kunst Akademie in Berlin, 1932-1936. Came to U.S. in 1938. Taught at Henry Street Settlement in New York, N.Y., Cleveland Institute of Art, and Art School of the Society of Arts and Crafts becoming president of the board of trustees in 1976. Won the Tiffany Fellowship for Sculpture, 1940.
Provenance:
Donated 1965 and 1974 by Walter Midener and in 1978 by his estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Sculptors -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.midewalt
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-midewalt

Michigan Art Journal records

Topic:
Michigan Art Journal
Names:
Di Suvero, Mark, 1933-  Search this
Pallas, Jim  Search this
Ramsay, Theodore K., 1936-  Search this
Wilkinson, Sylvia, 1940-  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1974-1979
Scope and Contents:
Thirty-five letters (1975-1979), miscellaneous notes, 9 edited typescripts, clippings (1974-1976), and miscellaneous photographs, including one of Sylvia Wilkinson Murphy (1976-1977) concern the production of the MICHIGAN ART JOURNAL. Twelve copies of 4 issues of the MICHIGAN ART JOURNAL include annotations and are accompanied by the camera-ready art and photographs used in their production (1976-1977). Photographs of artists include Mark Di Suvero, Jim Pallas, and Ted Ramsay.
Biographical / Historical:
Begun 1976. Last issue Winter 1982. Published by Sylvia Murphy, as an outgrowth of the Michigan Artists' Registry. The quarterly was designed as a vehicle for artists to publish their work.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Sylvia Majewska.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists -- Michigan  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Periodicals  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.michartj
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-michartj

Glen Michaels papers

Creator:
Michaels, Glen, 1927-  Search this
Bertha Schaefer Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Lee Nordness Galleries  Search this
Little Gallery (Birmingham, Mich.)  Search this
Names:
Mouliniere, Marie  Search this
Naiman, Lee  Search this
Rado, Claire, 1941-  Search this
Sterne, Jan Peter  Search this
Yamasaki, Minoru, 1912-  Search this
Extent:
2 Reels (1,540 items (on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Reels
Date:
1953-1973
Scope and Contents:
Personal and business correspondence, 1958-1972; a curriclum vitae and other biographical data; commission files containing correspondence, photos, and blueprints; files on competitions, speaking engagements, teaching assignments, and seminars; sketches, drawings, and illustrations for publications; photographs; exhibition catalogs and announcements; clippings; and articles. Among the correspondents are sculptor Jan Peter Sterne, architect Minoru Yamasaki, weavers Lee Naiman, Marie Mouliniere and Claire Rado, the Little Gallery (Birmingham, Mich.), Lee Nordness Galleries, Bertha Schaefer Gallery, and the Ann Jacobs Gallery.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor, assemblage artist and art instructor, Birmingham, Mich. Born Spokane, Wash. Studied at Yale University School of Music, Eastern Washington University and the Cranbrook Academy under Zoltan Sepeshy. Taught at Cranbrook, Wayne State University and University of Windsor.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1974 by Glen Michaels.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Birmingham  Search this
Assemblage artists -- Michigan -- Birmingham  Search this
Sculptors -- Michigan -- Birmingham  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.michglen
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-michglen

Nicholas Marsicano papers

Creator:
Marsicano, Nicholas, 1908-1991  Search this
Extent:
110 Items ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1943-1966
Scope and Contents:
Sketches, photos of works, personal photos, exhibition catalogues, clippings, biographical outline, bibliography and announcements.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter and educator, New York, N.Y. Taught at Cooper Union, University of Michigan, Yale University, Brooklyn Music School, Pratt Institute, Cornell University, Silvermine College of Fine Arts and State University College, Purchase.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1970 by Nicholas Marsicano.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art teachers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.marsnich
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-marsnich

Gerald Mast papers

Creator:
Mast, Gerald, 1908-1971  Search this
Names:
Society of Arts and Crafts (Detroit, Mich.)  Search this
Carroll, John, 1892-1959  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Date:
[ca. 1928-1971]
Scope and Contents:
Biographical sketches; correspondence with Mast's family and others; photographs of Mast, his family, John Carroll's art class at the Society of Arts and Crafts in Detroit and other art classes, WPA murals, and other works of art; three sketchbooks, 1935-1952; ca. 50 loose sketches; writings, including manuscripts of "Egg Tempera" and "Philosophy of Art"; exhibition catalogues; clippings; and printed materials.
ADDITION: Correspondence, photographs, a sketchbook, 1928, and drawings from the 1930's and 1940's, including a sketch for the mural, "Nature's Kin" for the Children's Section of the Herrick Public Library, Holland, Mich.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, mural painter, mosaicist, and educator, Grand Rapids, Mich./Providence, R.I.
Provenance:
Donated 1978-1982 by Gerald Mast's daughter, Mrs. Gordon V.K. (Betsey M.) Reid.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan  Search this
Mosaicists -- Michigan  Search this
Muralists -- Michigan  Search this
Painters -- Michigan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.mastgera
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mastgera

Marian V. Loud papers

Creator:
Loud, Marian V. (Marian Violet), 1880-1956  Search this
Names:
Detroit Federation of Women's Clubs  Search this
Detroit Society of Women Painters and Sculptors  Search this
Extent:
5 Volumes ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Scrapbooks
Date:
ca.1905-1956
Scope and Contents:
A diary, 1905, of a European trip Loud took, including notes, a sketch, photographs, and printed material; and four scrapbooks containing letters, photographs, sketches, and printed material pertaining to her family, the Liggit School, the Detroit Society of Women Painters and Sculptors, and the Detroit Federation of Women's Clubs.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, writer, lecturer, teacher; born Medford, Mass. Studied in Munich and in New York. Attended the Liggett School, and graduated in 1901. Was a faculty member of the Detroit School of Design, 1911-1916, and the Liggett School, 1916-1945. Lectured in art history at the School of the Society of Arts and Crafts, 1932-1952. Was chairman of the fine arts committee of the Detroit Federation of Women's Clubs and the president of the Detroit Society of Women Painters and Sculptors.
Provenance:
The lender, Thomas Brunk, does research on women artists in Detroit, Mich.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Painters -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Topic:
Painting -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Function:
Arts organizations -- Michigan
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.loudmari
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-loudmari

Joanne Leonard papers

Creator:
Leonard, Joanne  Search this
Extent:
15.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970-2016
Scope and Contents:
The papers of photographer and educator Joanne Leonard document Leonard's personal and artistic life. The papers reflect her career and social circle geographically based in Michigan, where Leonard taught in the Department of Women's Studies / Stamps School of Art and Design at the University of Michigan. Included are correspondence with artists, in particular women and photographers; exhibition and project files; writings including manuscripts and journals; ohotographs; and printed material.
Biographical / Historical:
Joanne Leonard (1940- ) is a photographer and professor of art and women's studies in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Provenance:
Donated 2016 and 2018 by Joanne Leonard.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
3 bxs, #15-17, correspondence project: "Sisters: A Complex Destiny" including correspondence between Joanne Leonard and Eleanor Rubin ACCESS RESTRICTED; use requires written permission
Rights:
The donor has retained all intellectual property rights, including copyright, that they may own.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor  Search this
Collagists -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor  Search this
Photographers -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.leonjoan
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-leonjoan

Edna Boies scrapbook of teaching notes

Creator:
Hopkins, Edna Boies, 1872-1937  Search this
Names:
Veltin School (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1902-1903
Scope and Contents:
A scrapbook of lecture notes and student exercises for the 1902-1903 class on design taught by Edna Boies at the Veltin School for Girls, Manhattan. This scrapbook provides unusual documentation of the kind of instruction and course work found in an art class at the turn of the century. The chronologically arranged lecture notes are composed of directions, information and inspirational quotes. Topics covered include Japanese prints, the elements of good design, the Parthenon, Giotto, and the early Renaissance. Assignments and class exercises include the designing of a class pin, good composition using mass and line, designing vases, covered bowls, jewelry and lamps. Included in the scrapbook are Boies' own exercise samples, tracings of exercises produced by students, critiques of class work, poems, an introductory essay on Japanese prints, and clippings from THE OWL, a student newspaper, reviewing a lecture series delivered by Royal Cortissoz during the school year.
Biographical / Historical:
Block printmaker. Born in Hudson, Michigan in 1872, Edna Boies studied a general art course at the Art Academy of Cincinnati from 1895 to 1899, then woodblock print making at the Pratt Institute, New York, under Arthur Wesley Dow. For the academic year of 1902-03, Boies taught composition and design at the Veltin School for Girls, Manhattan. Boies married art educator James Roy Hopkins in 1904. The two artists travelled around the world, spending time in Japan, where Edna Hopkins further studied Ukiyo-e woodblock print making. The couple settled in Paris in 1905, returning to the United States at the start of World War I. From 1914 to 1920, Edna Hopkins was involved with the Provincetown Printers. She lived in Paris from 1920 to 1923. She abandoned print making in 1923, perhaps due to arthritis, having established a reputation as a woodblock printer and teacher. Her work was influenced by Ukiyo-e prints, B.J.O. Nordfeldt and the Provincetown Printers, and European Post-Impressionism.
Provenance:
Donor Mary Ryan acquired this scrapbook, along with other materials by Hopkins, in France in the mid-1980s. Hopkins had left the materials with a friend before she returned to the United States in 1923. They were discovered by a French dealer in 1984. See Mary Ryan Gallery 1989 exhibition catalog on Edna Boies Hopkins.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art teachers  Search this
Woodcutters (printmakers)  Search this
Topic:
Decoration and ornament -- Study and teaching -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decoration and ornament -- United States -- Design  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.hopkedna
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hopkedna

Percy Ives papers

Creator:
Ives, Percy L. (Percival L.), 1864-1928  Search this
Names:
Detroit Museum of Art. School  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
circa 1890-1994
bulk circa 1890-circa 1930
Summary:
The papers of Detroit portrait painter Percy Ives (1864-1928), measure 1.4 linear feet and date from circa 1890-1994, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1890-circa 1930. Two hundred and fifty-eight glass plate negatives of sitters, models, and artwork by Ives form the bulk of the collection. Additional papers include two 1923 letters, a folder of notes, news clippings, sketches, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Detroit portrait painter Percy Ives (1864-1928), measure 1.4 linear feet and date from circa 1890-1994, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1890-circa 1930. Two hundred and fifty-eight glass plate negatives of sitters, models, and artwork by Ives form the bulk of the collection. Additional papers include two 1923 letters, a folder of notes, news clippings, sketches, and photographs.

Letters include one to "The Oil and Colour Man" from "The Dweller in the Cave of Winds," and an IOU from A. W. "Gus" Ives to Percy Ives.

Notes include seven index cards with notes on "nibbles" and sales of paintings; and notes about Ives made in 1936 by James Parker's father. News clippings include four 1940 issues of a newspaper column, "We Old Timers," about Ives and his family.

Artwork consists of fifty-eight pencil sketches which have been mounted on the pages of a photograph album.

Thirty-seven photographs, most of them mounted on paper, include two which appear to be of Ives in his studio. The other photographs are of the interior and exterior of a house, an unidentified woman, farm scenes, and other outdoor scenes. There are also two photographs of paintings by Ives, including a self portrait.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of the collection, the papers are arranged as one series.

Series 1: Percy Ives Papers, (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 1-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait painter and dean of the Detroit Museum of Art School, Percy Ives (1864-1928), was the son of artist Lewis Thomas Ives; father and son were considered to be among the most notable Detroit artists of the latter part of the nineteenth century.

Ives studied initially with his father, and subsequently attended the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in the early-1880s, and the Academié Julian and École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1884 to 1890. He exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1887 and 1893, and at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.

After returning to the United States, Ives settled in Detroit where his father had a studio, and painted portraits, often of prominent men of Michigan, as well as a number of people outside the state including Grover Cleveland and Walt Whitman. Notable examples of his portraiture hang in many of the county and state buildings of Michigan.

Ives was a member of several Detroit artist associations, such as the Scarab Club, served as incorporator, trustee, and treasurer of the Detroit Museum of Art before it became the Detroit Institute of Arts, was appointed dean of the museum school in 1896, and designed the seal of the institute.

Ives died suddenly in 1928 at the age of 63.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel 593) including two diaries, 1885-1887 and 1903-1907, three albums containing photographs of family and friends, a book of illustrations of commercial signs painted by Ives, and fifteen loose sketches. Lent materials were returned to the Burton Historical Collection of the Detroit Public Library in Detroit, Michigan and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Burton Historical Collection of the Detroit Public Library gave the Archives of American Art Percy Ives' sketches and glass plate negatives in 1956-1957 and lent material for microfilming in 1973. James B. Parker, whose father, Dr. Albert Russell Parker, purchased Ives's desk with the items intact, donated additional material in 1994.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Topic:
Art--Study and teaching--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios--Photographs  Search this
Arts administrators--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Portrait painters--Michigan--Detroit  Search this
Portrait painting--United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass negatives
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Percy Ives papers, circa 1890-1994, bulk circa 1890-circa 1930. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ivesperc
See more items in:
Percy Ives papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ivesperc
Online Media:

Hassel Smith papers

Creator:
Smith, Hassel, 1915-2007  Search this
Names:
Gimpel Fils  Search this
New Arts (Art gallery)  Search this
San Francisco Art Institute -- Faculty  Search this
Anglim, Paule  Search this
Bischoff, Elmer, 1916-1991  Search this
Butterfield, Jan  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Fitz Gibbon, John  Search this
Gimpel, Charles  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-  Search this
Still, Patricia  Search this
Swanson, Kathryn  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne  Search this
Wollard, Robert  Search this
Extent:
4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sound recordings
Sketches
Transcripts
Christmas cards
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900-2004
bulk 1930-1995
Summary:
The papers of Southern California painter and instructor Hassel Smith measure 4 linear feet and date from circa 1900 to 2004 with the bulk of the materials dating from 1930-1995. Found within the papers are correspondence, a transcript of an interview conducted by Jan Butterfield in the 1980s, personal business files, teaching files, writings by Smith and others, sketches, printed materials, and photographs of Smith, his family and friends, and his artwork. There are audio recordings of a lecture series organized by Smith and of reviews of Smith's work. Correspondents include Paule Anglim, Elmer Bischoff, Andre Emmerich, Clyfford Still, Wayne Thiebaud, and many others.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Southern California painter and instructor Hassel Smith measure 4 linear feet and date from circa 1900 to 2004 with the bulk of the materials dating from 1930-1995. Found within the papers are correspondence, a transcript of an interview conducted by Jan Butterfield in the 1980s, personal business files, teaching files, writings by Smith and others, sketches, printed materials, and photographs of Smith, his family and friends, and his artwork. There are audio recordings of a lecture series organized by Smith and of reviews of Smith's work. Correspondents include Paule Anglim, Elmer Bischoff, Andre Emmerich, Clyfford Still, Wayne Thiebaud, and many others.

Biographical materials include biographical sketches, curriculum vitae, genealogical materials, ephemera, and personal appointment books from the mid to late 1970s. Also found here is a transcript of an in-depth interview of Smith conducted by Jan Butterfield in the 1980s.

There is personal and professional correspondence with Paule Anglim, Elmer Bischoff, Andre Emmerich, Charles Gimpel of Gimpel Fils, Clyfford and Patricia Still, Kathryn Swanson of the New Arts Gallery, Wayne Thiebaud, family members, and many others.

Personal business records include art sales records, exhibition checklists, conservation and condition reports, and personal finance records. Teaching materials include class schedules, student lists, and syllabi. Also found are notes on topics such as American art and literature, artistic traits and forms, illusion, and women artists.

Writings by Smith include artist statements, creative writings, his thoughts on the art market and art institutions, the San Francisco art community, and social criticism. Writings by others consist primarily of essays about Smith and his work. There are also writings by Smith's friend Robert Wollard. Artwork includes sketches, doodles, and Christmas cards done by Smith, and a handful of artwork by others.

Printed materials include clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and posters. Also found here are printed materials about other artists, schools where Smith enrolled or taught, Smith's general interests, and collages and flyers by Robert Wollard. There is a printed copy of the pictorial edition of the Communist Manifesto edited by Smith and other artists.

Photographic materials are of Smith, family members, artwork, his studio, exhibition openings and other art events, and friends and colleagues. A family photograph dates from circa 1900 and negatives date from 1920. Most of the photographs date from the 1940s through the 1990s.

Sound recordings include 1 sound tape reel of the radio show, Art Review, with host John Fitz Gibbon reviewing Smith's artwork, and nine sound cassettes of student critiques overseen by Smith at the San Francisco Art Institute.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 9 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1930-2004 (0.25 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1930s-2003 (1.0 linear foot; Boxes 1-2)

Series 3: Personal Business Materials, 1953-2003 (0.25 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Teaching Materials, 1960s-1980s (18 folders; Box 2)

Series 5: Writings, 1940s-1994 (0.25 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork, 1928-1995 (8 folders; Box 2)

Series 7: Printed Materials, 1928-2003 (1.25 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)

Series 8: Photographic Materials, 1900s-2004 (0.5 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 9: Sound Recordings, 1965-1980 (10 items; Box 4)
Biographical Note:
Hassel Smith (1915-2007) was a California Bay area abstract expressionist painter, painting instructor at the California School of Fine Arts, and a lecturer at the University of California. His students included Roy De Forest, Sonia Gechtoff, and Frank Lobdell. Smith was also associated with the famed Los Angeles Ferus Gallery.

Hassel Smith was born on April 27, 1915, in Sturgis, Michigan, settling later with his family in San Mateo, California. He attended Northwestern University with the intention of becoming a chemist, but switched his majors to English and Art History and graduated in 1936. Returning to California, Smith enrolled at the California School of Fine Arts (CSFA), and studied with the painter Maurice Sterne.

In 1937, he left school and shared housing with his adopted brother Lewis in the Haight-Ashbury district, where he maintained a studio on Steiner Street. At the same time, as a social worker for the California Relief State Administration, he worked with men on "skid row" in San Francisco. Declared 4F by the draft board, Smith served various government agencies during World War II, including the Farm Security Administration and the U.S. Forest Service. During this period, he met and married June Meyers. He later described his government service and social work as having a strong influence on his art and politics.

In 1941, Smith was awarded the Abraham Rosenberg Fellowship from the University of California, Berkeley, which allowed him to travel and paint outdoors at Angel's Camp in the Mother Lode of the Sierra foothills, along with Richard Hackett.

At the end of the war, Smith began teaching at the CSFA, joining faculty members Richard Diebenkorn, David Park, and Clyfford Still. Smith taught there until 1952. His students included Roy De Forest, Sonia Gechtoff, and Frank Lobdell. Smith continued to paint and exhibit work throughout the 1950s, and in 1958 became affiliated with the Ferus Gallery founded by Walter Hopps and Ed Kienholz. His wife June passed away in 1958. One year later, Smith remarried Donna Rafferty Harrington, and they had their son Bruce in 1960.

After an exhibition at the New Arts Gallery in Houston, London-based dealer Charles Gimpel invited Smith to exhibit his work in England. As a result of this, Smith moved to England in 1962, and spent a year living in Mousehole, a fishing village in Cornwall. He moved back to California and between 1963 to 1966 was a visiting lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of California, Los Angeles. In 1966, Smith accepted a position as Senior Lecturer at the West England College of Art in Bristol, England where he stayed until 1978. He finished his teaching career as a Principal Lecturer at the Cardiff College of Arts in Wales from 1978 to 1979.

Smith spent most of the next two decades painting and exhibiting, which included exhibitions at the Oakland Museum and the San Jose Museum of Art. In 1991, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the San Francisco Art Institute (formerly the California School of Fine Arts). Due to failing health, Smith was forced to stop painting in 1997. Smith died in 2007 in Warminster, England, at the age of 91.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Hassel Smith conducted by Paul Karlstrom, September 5, 1978 and a video interview with Hassel Smith conducted by Paul Karlstrom, January 15, 1986.
Provenance:
Hassel Smith donated most of his papers in several increments between 1980 and 1998. His son Joseph donated audio recordings in 1980, and Hassel Smith's widow Donna donated additional materials in 2004.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- California -- Berkeley  Search this
Painters -- California  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Educators -- California -- Berkeley  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Art -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Sketches
Transcripts
Christmas cards
Photographs
Citation:
Hassel Smith papers, circa 1900-2004, bulk 1930-1995. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smithass
See more items in:
Hassel Smith papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smithass
Online Media:

Rudolph Schaeffer papers

Creator:
Schaeffer, Rudolph  Search this
Names:
East & West Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976 -- Photographs  Search this
Frey, Caroline  Search this
Frey, Fred  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959 -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
13.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Place:
Japan -- Description and Travel
Date:
1880s-1997
Summary:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997 and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997, and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.

Correspondence documents Schaeffer's personal and professional activities as well as the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design. Subject files contain various combinations of correspondence, photographs, printed material, and drawings reflecting Schaeffer's activities, projects, and interests. Within the subject files is correspondence with artists, including Mark Tobey. Extensive writings include manuscripts for published and unpublished articles and drafts, notes, and manuscripts of several unpublished books including Collected Lectures of Rudolph Schaeffer on Color and Design, Color and Design, Prismatic Color Theory, and Rhythmo-Chromatics, all undated. Diaries include a volume recording Schaeffer's 1936 trip to Japan. 42 volumes of journals, compiled between 1954 and 1987, contain entries on a wide range of subjects including lists of errands, invitation lists, class notes, drafts of letters, notes including staff assignments and staff meetings, autobiographical notes and reminiscences, and musings on religion and philosophy.

The Artwork series houses artwork by Schaeffer and his students. Found are hand-made Christmas cards, designs, sketches, and sketchbooks. Seven scrapbooks document Rudolph Schaeffer's career, his school and former students, and the San Francisco art scene. They contain printed material, photographs, letters, and a small amount of artwork. Volume 3 is devoted to East West Gallery, and volume 7 documents Rudolph Schaeffer's 90th Birthday and the 50th Anniversary of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Most untranscribed sound recordings (audio cassettes and reels) are of lectures by Schaeffer and others delivered at the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Miscellaneous records includes a series of hand-baticked fabric samples from the Wiener Werkstatte, as well as transcripts of an oral history with Schaeffer and other interviews.

Printed material concerns the career of Rudolph Schaeffer, his school and former students, the San Francisco art scene, and general art topics. Included are articles and a book by Schaeffer, catalogs and other items produced by the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and miscellaneous items about or mentioning Schaeffer and his school. Items of note are announcements of courses taught by Schaeffer in Piedmont and San Francisco prior to the opening of his school, and theatre programs from productions with sets and some costumes designed by Schaeffer in the early 1920s.

Photographs are of artwork, people, places, events, stage designs, and miscellaneous subjects. Artwork includes some designs by Rudolph Schaeffer; people include Schaeffer, his family, friends, and students. Of particular note are a photograph of Frank Lloyd Wright's visit to the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and one of Rudolph Schaeffer and Imogen Cunningham. Places include interior and exterior views of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design at its St. Anne Street and Mariposa Street locations. Also included are photographs by Ansel Adams of the home of Ed and Caroline Fey.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1900-1988 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1906-1989 (Box 1, 19; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1907-1988 (Boxes 1-2, OV 16; 1.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1910-1987 (Boxes 2-6, 15, 19, 21; 4.2 linear ft.)

Series 5: Artwork, 1911-1957 (Boxes 6-15, 19, 21 OV 17; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1933-1976 (Boxes 6, 14, 19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Sound Recordings, 1949-1986 (Boxes 11-13; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1905-1986 (Box 7, 19, 22; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1906-1994 (Boxes 7-8, 15, 19, 22; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographs, 1880s-circa 1988 (Boxes 8-10,15, 20, 22, OV 18; 1.8 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Rudolph Schaeffer (1886-1988), a proponent of the Arts and Crafts movement, aspired to unite technology, science, and lifestyle in order to live in harmony with nature. An individual with many talents and interests, he was best known for his work in the field of color study and as a teacher and the founder of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco.

Born on a farm in Clare, Michigan in 1886, Rudolph Schaeffer displayed musical and artistic talent from a young age. Although he initially wanted to become a professional musician, he began focusing more on art when his musical abilities were compromised by an improperly set broken wrist. Schaeffer received his first formal art training as a high school student and then attended the Thomas Normal Training School in Detroit, where he studied music, art, and design. He continued studying independently, developing interests in calligraphy and metal craft.

In 1907, Schaeffer taught manual training courses in the Columbus, Ohio, public schools. The following summer he traveled to Paris and London. While in London he saw an exhibition of Josef Hoffman's modern interiors that had a great impact on his own design ideas. He then returned to Michigan and taught in schools close to home. In 1909, Schaeffer attended a design course in Minneapolis taught by A. E. Batchelder, director of Throop Polytechnic Institute in Pasadena. Both Batchelder and his course were strong influences on Schaeffer, as was Ralph Johnot, a proponent of Arthur Wesley Dow's design principles. In 1910 Schaeffer joined the faculty of Throop Polytechnic Institute, where he remained for five years.

The U. S. Commission on Education selected Schaeffer to be part of a delegation of twenty-five American teachers sent to Munich for several months in 1914 to investigate the exemplary industrial design curriculum offered in their secondary schools. Schaeffer subsequently expected to begin teaching at the Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles at the start of the 1914 school year, but World War I erupted while he was in Germany and his return to the United States was delayed so long that another teacher had to be hired to fill his place.

In 1915 Schaeffer was a manual training instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts (formerly the Hopkins School), and taught design and metal crafts at the University of California Berkeley. For a number of years afterwards, he did free lance design work, taught private classes, and ran a small summer school in his Piedmont studio. Schaeffer was a visiting professor at Stanford University in 1918 when he was drafted and sent to drafting and surveying courses by the Army. Between 1917 and 1924 Schaeffer was on the faculty of the California College of Arts and Crafts where he taught design, color, handicrafts, and interior design. During this period he developed a new approach to teaching color and design based on the prismatic color wheel.

During the early 1920s Schaeffer worked as a set designer and as Art Director of Greek Theatre at the University of California at Berkeley, Schaeffer began applying prismatic color theory to set and costume design. He also designed sets for productions in Detroit. In 1925, Schaeffer saw the Paris Exposition and researched interior and stage design while in France.

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design which, in its early days was called the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Rhythmo-Chromatic Design, opened on St. Anne Street in San Francisco's Chinatown in 1926. In 1951 the school then moved to Union Street on Telegraph Hill where it remained for nearly a decade. In 1960, the school purchased a former boys' school on Mariposa Street, Portero Hill. Rudolph Schaeffer lived in a small cottage built for him at the rear of the property where he designed and tended a remarkable "Peace Garden."

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was best known for its courses in color and interior design. Schaeffer was the first person in the United States to teach prismatic color theory, is credited with being the first to use the term "interior design" rather than "interior decoration" and the first to incorporate the use of models into interior design coursework. In 1959 the school's courses were expanded from 2 to 3-year programs and a diploma was awarded. Former students include many successful interior designers, textile designers, furniture designers, industrial designers, commercial artists, color consultants, teachers, and master flower arrangers.

In addition to the interior design and color diploma courses, the school offered a summer session, classes for children, a brief lecture series for the general public, and a wide variety of classes including advertising art, architecture and design, art history, art in public schools, calligraphy, color design, color for television, color for weavers, color theory, design, drawing, environmental aesthetics, fashion design, fashion illustration, flower arrangement, industrial design, interior design, Notan, sculpture, space planning, textile design, and weaving. Always struggling financially and sometimes lacking adequate enrollment, the school nevertheless managed to stay open for nearly 60 years. In 1984, the Board of Directors voted to remove Schaeffer from the board and close the school. Two years earlier the board had forced Schaeffer to retire, appointed him Director Emeritus, and brought in a new director charged with making the institution financially solvent, reorganizing the curriculum, and working toward accreditation. Unable to separate himself from the school (though he had done so legally when it was incorporated in 1953), Schaeffer balked and refused to cooperate with plans for revitalizing the institution.

One of the aims of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was to interpret Asian esthetic principles. To this end the East West Gallery was established at the school in 1950. A membership organization, it offered exhibitions, lectures, concerts, and other programs that encouraged cultural integration. Exhibitions alternated between East (Asian art and artifacts from Rudolph Schaeffer's collection or other sources) and West (student work or work of local artists illustrating the influence of the Asian esthetic on contemporary art and design). East West Gallery was a membership organization, the first space of its kind in San Francisco for Asian art and operated in each of the school's locations.

In addition to running the school Schaeffer was involved in many other activities. He wrote several articles about flower arrangement, color, and color theory that were published in popular magazines. In 1935, he published Flower Arrangement Folio I (said to be the first on the subject published in this country) and in 1942 edited and wrote the introduction to Sunset's Flower Arrangement Book by Nell True Welch. Over a period of many years, he worked on several monographs on color, design, and "rhythmo-chromatics." None were ever published.

A sought-after speaker on the subjects of color, interior design, flower arrangement, and myriad other art topics, Schaeffer frequently served as a juror for art exhibitions and flower shows. From the 1930s on, the San Francisco department store Emporium used his services as a color consultant, as did Dutch Boy paints, and numerous textile and clothing manufacturers. Builders also asked Schaeffer to select interior and exterior colors for suburban housing developments.

Schaeffer worked on planning and designing the decorative arts exhibition at the 1939-40 Golden Gate International Exposition. In 1943-44, he participated in the Red Cross's Arts and Skills program, using color therapy with shell-shocked soldiers in a psychiatric unit.

The Rudolph Schaeffer Collection of Asian Art began as a collection of ceramics, both historical and contemporary examples chosen for their form and color, which he used for flower arrangements and in set-ups for still life classes. It soon expanded to include color prints, paintings, screens, and other works of art and portions were exhibited frequently in the East West Gallery. Selections from this collection were exhibited in Kansas City in 1960 and at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco in 1976.

The City of San Francisco declared June 26, 1986, Schaeffer's 100th birthday, "Rudolph Schaeffer Day" and it was observed with great fanfare. He died at home on March 5, 1988, a few months before his 102nd birthday.
Provenance:
The Rudolph Schaeffer papers were donated in 1991 by Rudolph Schaeffer and the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design administrator Peter Docili, and in 1999 and 2000 by James Alexander, a friend of both Schaeffer and Docili, who had been storing portions of Docili's estate after his death in 1998, with the assistance of Frances Valesco, a fiber artist and researcher. An addition was received in 2007 by William Woodworth, a close friend and caretaker of Schaeffer's and in 2017 and 2018 by Frances Valesco.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Designers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Authors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Color -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Citation:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers, 1880s-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.scharudo
See more items in:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-scharudo

Charles Pollock papers

Creator:
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Names:
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Extent:
3.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Date:
1875-1994
Summary:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1994. Found within the papers are biographical materials; family and personal correspondence; subject files on art and professional topics; writings; printed material; artwork, including political cartoons and figurative sketches; and photographs of Pollock, his family and friends, and his work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock measure 3.1 linear feet and date from 1875 to 1994. Found within the papers are biographical materials; family and personal correspondence; subject files on art and professional topics; writings; printed material; artwork, including political cartoons and figurative sketches; and photographs of Pollock, his family and friends, and his work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1945-1988 (7 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1927-1994 (1 linear foot; Boxes 1-2)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1931-1988 (0.8 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Writings, 1935-1965 (2 folders; Box 2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1930-1990 (4 folders; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork, 1925-1949 (0.7 linear feet; Box 3, OV 5-8)

Series 7: Photographic Materials, 1875-1987 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, muralist, and educator Charles Pollock (1902-1988) lived and worked in East Lansing, Michigan, New York City, Detroit, and Paris, France and painted in a social realist style early in his career before transitioning to abstract works in the 1940s. He is also the eldest brother of the abstract expressionist Jackson Pollock.

Born in Denver, Colorado to Stella McClure and LeRoy Pollock, Pollock received his early art training at the Otis Institute in Los Angeles, California. In 1926, he moved to New York City to attend the Art Students League where he studied under Thomas Hart Benton, with whom Jackson also studied after joining Charles in New York in 1930. In New York, he met and married his first wife, Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock, in 1931.

Pollock moved to Washington, D.C. in 1935 to work for the Resettlement Administration, and after two years, accepted a position as the political illustrator for the United Automobile Workers' newspaper in Detroit. After a short stint as the illustrator and layout editor for the paper, Pollock served as the supervisor of the Michigan WPA Mural Painting and Graphic Arts division from 1938 to 1942.

Upon completion of a three panel mural for Michigan State University in 1942, Pollock was invited to join the faculty of the art department, where he taught lettering, printmaking, typography, and design. During his twenty-five year tenure at the University, he also served as a book designer for the University's Press and continued to develop his abstract painting style. He met and married his second wife, Sylvia Winter Pollock, in 1957. Pollock served as the University of Pennsylvania's artist in residence in 1965 and 1967, and was the recipient of a National Foundation of Arts Grant (1967) and a Guggenheim Grant (1967-1968). The Pollocks moved to Paris in 1970, where Charles died of complications from a stroke in 1988.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock memoirs and the Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers.
Separated Materials:
Nine works of art included in the 1975 gift from Elizabeth Pollock were transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum, formerly the National Collection of Fine Arts, in 1976.
Provenance:
The papers were donated in 1975 by Pollock's first wife, Elizabeth Feinberg Pollock, with assistance from Charles Pollock on the selection of items. Additional materials were donated in 1988 by his second wife, Sylvia Winter Pollock. From 1991 to 1994, Elizabeth Pollock gifted additional correspondence and photographs to the Archives.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- France  Search this
Muralists -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art teachers -- Michigan  Search this
Muralists -- Michigan  Search this
Painters -- Michigan  Search this
Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Citation:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pollchar
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pollchar
Online Media:

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