The Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers measure 61.1 linear feet and date from 1916 to 1991, with the bulk of the material dating from 1946-1983. Records provide extensive documentation of the gallery's operations from its inception in 1946 to its closing in 1983 and of the activities of Betty Parsons as one the leading art dealers of contemporary American Art in the latter half of the twentieth century, particularly the work of the Abstract Expressionists. Over one third of the of the collection is comprised of artists files containing correspondence, price lists, and printed materials. Additional correspondence is with galleries, dealers, art institutions, private collectors, and the media. Also found are exhibition files, exhibition catalogs and announcements, sales records, stock inventories, personal financial records, and photographs. Betty Parsons's personal papers consist of early curatorial files, pocket diaries, personal correspondence, and evidence of her own artwork, including sketchbooks, and files documenting her personal art collection.
Scope and Content Note:
The Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers measure 61.1 linear feet and date from 1916 to 1991, with the bulk of the material dating from 1946-1983. Records provide extensive documentation of the gallery's operations from its inception in 1946 to its closing in 1983 and of the activities of Betty Parsons as one the leading art dealers of contemporary American Art in the latter half of the twentieth century, particularly the work of the Abstract Expressionists. Over one third of the of the collection is comprised of artists files containing correspondence, price lists, and printed materials. Additional correspondence is with galleries, dealers, art institutions, private collectors, and the media. Also found are exhibition files, exhibition catalogs and announcements, sales records, stock inventories, personal financial records, and photographs. Betty Parsons's personal papers consist of early curatorial files, pocket diaries, personal correspondence, and evidence of her own artwork, including sketchbooks, and files documenting her personal art collection. Personal papers also include personal photographs.
Artists files, the largest and most extensive series, consist of a wide variety of documents, including biographical materials, correspondence with or related to the artist, exhibition catalogs and announcements, sales and expense invoices, clippings, price lists, and photographs of the artist, exhibitions, and artwork. The files reflect Parsons's close personal relationships with certain artists, particularly Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Clyfford Still, and Barnett Newman. Extensive documentation is also found for Forrest Bess, William Congdon, Paul Feeley, Thomas George, Alexander Liberman, Seymour Lipton, Richard Pousette-Dart, Jesse Reichek, and Jack Youngerman. Historians and researchers will find these files to be an invaluable resource both in tracing Betty Parsons's role in promoting Abstract Expressionism and researching individual artists.
Exhibition files primarily document the gallery's infrequent group or themed exhibitions. Of particular note are the files on The Ideographic Picture, which was organized by Barnett Newman and included his work, as well as that of Pietro Lazzari, Boris Margo, Ad Reinhardt, Mark Rothko, Theodoros Stamos, and Clyfford Still. Price lists, artist biographies and exhibition schedules are housed in the general exhibition files. Loan exhibition files provide documentation of artwork borrowed by other galleries or institutions for exhibitions, as well as shows outside of the gallery that were organized by Betty Parsons. Also found are gallery exhibition guest books, and announcements and catalogs.
Gallery correspondence is primarily with galleries and dealers, museums, arts organizations, and collectors. Scattered letters from artists are also found, although the bulk of the artists' correspondence is filed in the Artists Files. Also found here are memoranda and letters between Betty Parsons and her staff that contain detailed information concerning Parsons's schedule and gallery activities. Similar correspondence is found amongst the correspondence files within the series Betty Parsons papers.
Appraisal and conservation files include correspondence, appraisal invoices, forms, and appraisal requests and other information from the Art Dealers Association of America, and conservation invoices and reports. The majority of the appraisal records contain information about the specific works of art, including artist, title, date, current owner and the estimated value at the time of the request. Conservation records document conservation treatments undertaken by outside conservators to gallery stock.
Sales, purchases, stock and inventory are well documented in the sales and inventory records. The records provide detailed information about individual sales, prices of individual pieces of artwork, consignments, and loans. Most sales records also include detailed information about the buyer and are a valuable resource for provenance research. Files documenting the general administration, routine business operations, and financial transactions (not individual sales) of the gallery are housed in the general business and financial records. These records include ledgers, receipts, tax records, and banking records. There is some limited information about works of art scattered amongst the receipts and in the "in/out slips" files. Legal records house general legal documents and those concerning specific lawsuits. Of particular note is the file detailing the lawsuit between Betty Parsons and Sidney Janis over the fifth floor of 24 West 57th Street.
The remainder of the collection consists of Betty Parsons's personal papers which document her career prior to opening her own gallery, her work as an artist, and her personal art collection.
Some information about Parsons's work prior to opening her own gallery is found in the early curatorial files she retained from her curatorial and administrative work at the Wakefield Gallery and the Mortimer Brandt Gallery. Clippings, correspondence, announcements, exhibition lists and exhibition files are found. For both positions, she kept only the exhibition files for a small group of exhibitions organized around a specific theme, the most notable being the exhibition of Pre-Columbian Sculpture at the Wakefield Gallery.
Biographical materials include copies of her biography, family genealogies, photographs of Parsons, interviews with Colette Roberts and WYNC radio, memberships, photographs, and ephemera, including a collection of programs and invitations from events that she attended. Throughout her life Parsons gave generously of her time to various cultural and charitable institutions and was awarded for her contributions. There are also a number of files that document her speaking engagements, her participation as a juror in numerous juried exhibitions, charitable work, and awards that she received.
Parsons's personal correspondence files reflect how deeply Parsons's life was intertwined with the gallery. There are letters from museum directors, dealers, artists seeking representation, and personal letters from artists with whom she had close personal relationships, most notably Larry Bigelow, Alexander Calder, William Condon, and Ad Reinhardt. There are also letters from the English artist Adge Baker, with whom Parsons was romantically involved. Correspondence also includes several files of postcards and Christmas cards.
Pocket diaries and engagement calendars, spanning from 1933-1981, record social engagements, meetings, vacations, and telephone numbers. Also found are circa two linear feet of notebooks and sketchbooks, many of which are annotated with addresses, poetry, journal entries, and other observations of people, places, and travels. Writings by others include writings about Betty Parsons or the Betty Parsons Gallery, such as Lawrence Alloway's unpublished typescript titled "An American Gallery" and other topics.
Printed material consists of exhibition announcements and catalogs, art magazines, and newspaper and magazine clippings about Betty Parsons, her family and acquaintances, artists, and other art related topics, coupled with a miscellaneous selection of clippings, and a video recording, on topics that presumably captured Parsons's attention.
Personal art work records document Betty Parsons's career as an artist through inventories, group and solo exhibitions files, price lists, appraisals, sales and consignment invoices. Photographs are primarily reproductions of her works of art, although there are scattered photographs of exhibition installations.
Betty Parsons's private art collection files document her extensive personal collection of art that included works by Jackson Pollock, Agnes Martin, Romare Bearden, Barnett Newman, and Mark Rothko, in addition to Amlash sculpture from ancient Persia and primitive sculpture from New Hebrides. These files include inventories, lists, exhibition records, sales and purchase invoices, and photographs. There are also files for donations and loans from Parsons's personal collection to museums and fund raising auctions for several non-profit institutions.
Finally, the personal financial records provide information about the Parsons's family finances and her personal financial success as an art dealer. In addition to her own investments, Parsons inherited shares in family investments through the estates of her parents, J. Fred Pierson, Jr. and Suzanne Miles Pierson, and younger sister, Emily Rayner. Real estate files include correspondence, utility bills, receipts, area maps, and land plots for houses in Sheepscot, Maine and St. Maartens, Netherlands Antilles. Tax returns, ledger worksheets, receipts, banking statements, deposit slips, and cancelled checks are among the other financial records.
The collection is arranged as seven series. Many of the series are further divided into subseries.
Series 1: Artists Files, 1935-1983 (19.4 linear feet; Boxes 1-18, 51, 55-56, OVs 53, 65)
Series 2: Exhibition Files, 1941-1983 (2.9 linear feet; Boxes 18-21, 51, 55, OVs 54, 66)
Series 3: Correspondence Files, 1941-1983 (3.9 linear feet; Boxes 21-24, 52, 56)
Series 4: Appraisal Files, 1954-1983 (0.7 linear feet; Box 24)
Series 5: Sales and Inventory Records, 1946-1983 (3.9 linear feet; Boxes 25-28, 51)
Series 6: General Business and Financial Records, 1946-1983 (9.3 linear feet; Boxes 28-38, 51, 56)
Series 7: Betty Parsons Personal Papers, 1916-1991 (21 linear feet; Boxes 38-51, 55-64, OVs 65-67)
Betty Parsons (1900-1982) was one of the leading art dealers in New York City specializing in modern art, particularly the work of the Abstract Expressionists, and an abstract painter and sculptor in her own right. She opened Betty Parsons Gallery in 1946 at 15 E. 57th St., later moving to 24 W. 57th St.
The history of the Betty Parsons Gallery is inextricably bound to the life and experiences of its founder. Betty Parsons was born Betty Bierne Pierson on January 31, 1900 in New York City. She enjoyed a privileged childhood, which included vacation homes in Newport and Palm Beach. Her only formal education was a five-year stint at the prestigious Chapin School from 1910-1915, where she met many of the women who would become life-long friends and supporters. In the spring of 1920, she married Schuyler Livingston Parsons from one of New York's oldest families. The marriage ended after only three years and the couple traveled to Paris where they could obtain a divorce on the grounds of incompatibility. She retained her married surname and purchased a house on the rue Boulard in Paris, where she remained for ten years, pursuing studies in painting and sculpture.
Financial constraints forced Parsons to return to the United States in 1933. She first traveled west to California, but it was her return to New York in 1935 that marked the start of her career as an art dealer. Her first opportunity to connect with the New York art world came after a successful exhibition of her watercolors at the Midtown Galleries where the owner, Alan Gruskin, noted Parson's faithful and wealthy group of supporters and offered her work installing exhibitions and selling paintings on commission. Her work for the Midtown Galleries led to a second position in the Park Avenue gallery of Mary Sullivan, one of the founders of the Museum of Modern Art. Here, Parsons learned the business of running a gallery. By 1940 Parsons was ready to take on more independent responsibility and agreed to manage a gallery within the Wakefield Bookshop. In this job, she exercised full curatorial control by selecting artists and organizing exhibitions. She championed then unknown contemporary American artists and the gallery's roster soon included Saul Steinberg, Hedda Sterne, Alfonso Ossorio, Joseph Cornell, Walter Murch, and Theodore Stamos. Although the majority of the exhibitions were solo shows, there were a few group shows and themed exhibitions, such as Love in Art (1941) and Ballet in Art (1942). Under Parson's direction, the gallery hosted an important exhibition of Pre-Columbian sculpture, curated by Barnett Newman.
When the owners of the Wakefield Bookshop decided to close the gallery late in 1944, Mortimer Brandt, a dealer who specialized in Old Master paintings and drawings, offered her a position as head of the newly created contemporary section of his gallery. Many of the artists who had shown with Parsons at the Wakefield Gallery followed her to her new gallery, where they were joined by Ad Reinhardt, Boris Mango, and Hans Hofmann. While the exhibitions garnered attention from the press and the interest of contemporary artists, the contemporary section was not a financial success and Brandt opted to close his gallery in 1946.
Using $1000 of her own money and an additional borrowed $4000, Parsons sublet the space that previously housed Mortimer Brandt's contemporary section, on the fifth floor of 15 East 57th Street, and opened the Betty Parsons Gallery.
In many respects the early years of the Betty Parsons Gallery were the most vital, as it was during the period of 1947-1951 that the gallery became linked with the Abstract Expressionists and the history of post-WWII American Art. In an unpublished history of the gallery, noted art critic Lawrence Alloway stated that the significance of the gallery's early exhibitions ranks with Durand-Ruel's Impressionists exhibitions or Kahnweiler's shows of the Cubists. Betty Parsons Gallery quickly became one of the most prestigious galleries in New York City associated with new American Art of all styles. Her close friend Barnett Newman organized the gallery's inaugural exhibition of Northwest Coast Indian Art and he soon began to exhibit his own work at the gallery. When Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century Gallery closed, Jackson Pollock, Clyfford Still, and Mark Rothko joined Parsons' growing stable of artists. Although Parsons continued to promote and exhibit many of the artists whom she had previously discovered, these four artists dominated this period. Newman, Pollock, Still, and Rothko worked closely together, holding themselves apart from the other artists somewhat. They were actively involved in the curatorial process and often hung their own shows. For these artists, the exhibition itself was an artistic act of creation.
Parsons provided a supportive environment and allowed her artists enormous freedom in planning and designing their exhibitions. She was not, however, an aggressive salesperson. During this early period the gallery ledgers document sales to an impressive array of museums including the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Art Institute of Chicago, as well as important collectors such as Edward Root and Duncan Phillips. Nevertheless, the art that the gallery promoted was not yet widely accepted. Sales were few, prices were low and the business would not turn a profit for several years. Meanwhile, there was mounting pressure from Pollock, Newman, Still, and Rothko to drop some of the other artists from Parsons' stable and focus all resources on them. They wanted to be promoted to a larger audience and have their work sold at higher prices, but Parsons enjoyed discovering new artists and did not want to be restricted in this endeavor. The year 1951 marks the last time that Pollock's drip paintings or the monumental works of Newman, Rothko or Still were shown at the Betty Parsons Gallery.
In the following years the Betty Parsons Gallery continued to attract a diverse group of talented artists. Ellsworth Kelly, Richard Tuttle, Robert Rauschenberg, and Jack Youngerman had their first New York exhibitions at the Betty Parsons Gallery. Parsons opened Section Eleven in 1958, a short-lived annex to the main gallery, so that she could promote younger, less well-known artists. It closed in 1960 due to the administrative difficulties in running two essentially separate galleries.
In 1962, Sidney Janis, another prominent art dealer, started proceedings to evict Parsons from the floor that they shared on 15 East 57th Street. The Betty Parsons Gallery moved to 24 West 57th Street in 1963, where it remained until it closed in 1983, following Parsons' death the preceding year. Throughout the gallery's history, Parsons continued to promote faithful artists such as Hedda Sterne and Saul Steinberg, who had been with her from the beginning and to seek out new talent, both for her main gallery and for other venues, such as the short-lived Parsons-Truman Gallery, which she opened in 1974 with former Parsons Gallery director Jock Truman to show works on paper by emerging artists.
In addition to being an art dealer, Betty Parsons was a respected artist and collector. With her connoisseur's eye and connections, Parsons amassed an impressive private collection of art. She bought her first piece while an art student in Paris in the 1920s, a small gouache by Zadkine, but did not begin acquiring works in earnest until she was established as an art dealer. Partial inventories of her personal collection show that the majority of her collection contained works by artists associated with the gallery. Mark Rothko, Hans Hofmann, Ad Reinhardt, Agnes Martin, and Kenzo Okada were among the artists represented. Many were gifts from the artists, such as an ink drawing by Jackson Pollock, inscribed "For Betty." Selections from her collection appeared in small museums across the United States, including a traveling exhibition organized by Fitch College, New York, in 1968. In her role as a promoter of contemporary American art, Parsons lent generously from her collection, particularly to the federal Art in the Embassies Program. Throughout her life she also donated works to a variety of museums, most notably, the Whitney Museum of American Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark.
Parsons frequently claimed that her desire to pursue a career as an artist stemmed from a visit to the Armory Show when she was thirteen. In her late teens, after pressuring her father for art lessons, she studied with the sculptor Gutzon Burglum of Mount Rushmore fame. In Paris, she continued her studies first with Antoine Bourdelle, whose sculptures she had admired at the Armory Show, and later with Ossip Zadkine. The first exhibition of her work, figurative watercolors and sculptures, took place in Paris in 1927. As she matured as an artist, her art became more abstract. Her late works were painted wood sculptures that she pieced together from wood that she found near her studio in Long Island. Parsons's work was exhibited in more than thirty solo exhibitions, including, Betty Parsons; Paintings, Gouaches and Sculpture, 1955-1968, at the Whitechapel Gallery in London. During her lifetime, she would not allow her works to be shown in her own gallery. Shortly after she died of a stroke in 1982, In Memoriam, Betty Parsons: Late Sculptures, opened at the Betty Parsons Gallery.
Also found in the Archives of American Art are oral history interviews with Betty Parsons, June 4-9, 1969, by Paul Cummings, and June 11, 1981 by Gerald Silk.
Some of the material originally loaned for microfilming in 1968 and 1969 was not included in later donations and can be viewed on microfilm reels N68/62-N68/74 and N69/105-N69/106. Loaned materials are not described in the container listing in this finding aid.
The gallery donated some records in 1974, many of which had been loaned earlier for microfilming. The bulk of the collection was donated in 1984 and 1986 by William Rayner and Christopher Schwabacher, executors of the Estate of Betty Parsons. Additional material was donated by William Rayner in 1998 and Christopher Schwabacher in 2017. Additional material was donated in 2018 by the Lee Hall estate via Carolyn Crozier and Deborah Jacobson, co-executors. Hall was Parsons's biographer and had the material in her possession at the time of Parsons's death. An additional photograph of Parons and Marie Carr Taylor by Henri Cartier-Bresson was donated in 2021 by Mary Carpenter, who inherited the photograph from her mother, Nan Thorton Jones, who received it as a gift from Taylor.
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
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An interview of wife and husband Dale and Doug Anderson conducted 2005 July 21-22, by Tina Oldknow, for the Archives of American Art, in their home.
The Andersons discuss their respective childhoods and growing up in Manhattan; their education and early experiences with art; their early collection of Native American art; their first art purchases, including a Richard Marquis Patchwork teapot, a Lowell Nesbitt painting, and a Carolyn Brady painting; their initial involvement with the American Craft Museum's Collector's Circle, as well as other craft organizations including Creative Glass Center of America, Millville, New Jersey, The Metropolitan Glass Group, Art Alliance for Contemporary Glass, and the Friends of Contemporary Ceramics, among others; their involvement with, and support of, various museums, including the Racine Art Museum, Racine, Wisconsin, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts, the Seattle Art Museum, the Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, and the Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, New York; their involvement with, and support of, various art schools, including the Pilchuck Glass School, Stanwood, Washington, the Watershed Center for the Ceramic Arts, Newcastle, Maine, and Haystack Mountain School of Crafts, Deer Isle, Maine; their independent commissioning of works by various artists, including Dale Chihuly, Ginny Ruffner, Sandy Skoglund, Tom Patti, Paul Marioni and Ann Troutner, and Silas Kopf; their involvement in various large-scale glass exhibitions and expositions, including the annual Sculptural Objects and Functional Art expositions, "Glass Today by American Studio Artists," August 13, 1997-January 11, 1998, at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and palmbeach3, West Palm Beach, Florida, among others; their participation in, and support of, the publishing of various books on glass, including Martha Drexler Lynn's "Sculpture, Glass, and American Museums," Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005, and Tina Oldknow's "Pilchuck: A Glass School", Seattle: Pilchuck Glass School, in association with the University of Washington Press, 1996; their dealings with various galleries across the country, including Habatat Galleries, Royal Oak, Michigan, Heller Gallery, New York, New York, UrbanGlass, Brooklyn, New York, Barry Friedman Ltd., New York, New York, browngrotta arts, Wilton, Connecticut, and Ferrin Gallery, Lenox, Massachusetts, among others.
The Andersons recall Christina Orr-Cahall, George and Dorothy Saxe, Ronald and Anita Wornick, Susan Steinhauser and Dan Greenberg, Jack and Rebecca Benaroya, Weston Naef, Daphne Farago, Dale Chihuly, Thomas and Marilyn Patti, Catherine Chalmers, Jeremy Flick, Zhuan Huang, William Warmus, Akio Takamori, Linda Schlenger, Bruce Pepich and Lisa Englander, Pike Powers, Parks Anderson, Sonny and Gloria Kamm, Flora Mace and Joey Kirkpatrick, Davira Taragin, Bill Morris, Sam and Eleanor Rosenfeld, Daganeet Schokauer, Albert Paley, John McQueen, Jeff Mermelstein, Jane Adlin, Henrietta Brunner, Mark Lyman, Charles and Andrea Bronfman, Norman and Elizabeth Sandler, Ferdinand Hampson, Dafna Kaffeman, Paul Stankard, Toots Zynsky, Marjorie Levy, Gregory Grenon, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Dale (1944- ) and Doug (1943- ) Anderson are glass collectors from New York, New York Tina Oldknow is a curator at the Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, New York.
Originally recorded on 7 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 19 digital wav files. Duration is 7 hrs., 6 minutes.
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Series consists primarily of McCausland's professional and, to a lesser extent, personal correspondence, which includes general, artist, and some family correspondence. Correspondence typically consists of letters to and copies of letters from McCausland, along with enclosures (such as clippings and other printed material; contracts, agreements, and other business and financial papers; and proposals and manuscripts) and related material (such as notes, illustrations, and writings). Correspondents include artists, art organizations, museums, curators, editors, publishers, scholars, research institutions, her agent (Mary Squire Abbot), friends, and her mother, Belle Noble McCausland. Correspondence largely documents McCausland's various professional activities as an art critic, art historian, and freelance writer, and her relationships with various figures of the art and publishing worlds before, during, and immediately after the Second World War.
General correspondence relates to articles and reviews that McCausland wrote for the Springfield Republican; to freelance articles she wrote over the years for various publications, including ones for Parnassus, The New Republic, and Magazine of Art, as well as yearly articles for various encyclopedias (such as Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopedia Americana, and Collier Encyclopedia); and to various book projects, including Changing New York (1939), Careers in the Arts (1950), and ones on the artists E. L. Henry, George Inness, and Alfred H. Maurer. General correspondence also relates to her teaching job at Sarah Lawrence College and other courses taught; to various editing projects, including photo-editing Carl Sandburg's Poems of the Midwest and the planned book Art and Advertising; her work as a research consultant on the American Processional exhibition and book, and on other exhibitions; and her involvement in various art and social organization, as well as her participation in various conferences. General correspondence largely documents McCausland's tireless efforts to drum up work, and to fund (through various grants and fellowships) and carry out her many research and writing projects.
Correspondence from particular artists, including Arthur Dove, Louis Eilshemius, Marsden Hartley, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Alfred Stieglitz, was maintained by McCausland in files separate from general correspondence. Artist correspondence documents her relationships with these artists - particularly well-documented are her relationships with Dove and Stieglitz - and the artists' reactions to her reviews of their shows. Files of artist correspondence also include some of McCausland's own notes on her feelings about or relationship with particular artists.
Family correspondence consists almost entirely of letters and copies of letters from McCausland to her mother, Belle Noble McCausland. These seem to have originated from the scrapbook kept by McCausland's mother which can be found amongst personal papers.
See Appendix for a list of notable correspondents from Series 2
General correspondence is arranged in rough chronological order. Within individual yearly files, McCausland often grouped together letters to and from a particular correspondent; this existing organization has for the most part been maintained. Selected artist correspondence and family correspondence are arranged in files at the end of the series. Correspondence can also be found amongst research and writing files.
Appendix: Notable Correspondents from Series 2:
List represents only a selection of correspondents from general correspondence.
A. A. Wynn Inc.: 1951
ACA Gallery: 1941, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1947
Abbot, Mary Squire (McIntosh and Otis Company): 1941, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1958
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation: 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1952, 1953
Jones, Howard Mumford (Harvard University): 1947
Kauffer, E. McKnight: 1946
Kent, Rockwell: 1945, 1946
Kirstein, Lincoln: 1941, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1947
Kish, Maurice: 1945
Kistler, Aline: 1941
Knight Publishers Inc.: 1938
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo: 1945
Landon, Edward: 1939
Lange, Dorothea: 1945
Larkin, Oliver: 1943, 1944, 1949
Leeper, John and Blanche (see also Corcoran Gallery of Art): 1950, 1951, 1954
Leighton, George: 1945
Lerner, Abe (see also World Publishing Company): 1950, 1951
Lipman, Jean: 1945, 1946, 1947, 1952
Lipton, Norman C. ( -- Good Photography -- ): 1941, 1942, 1943
Longman, Lester: 1940
MacMahon, Audrey (see also -- Parnassus -- ): 1936, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1942
The MacMillan Company: 1943, 1947, 1949, 1950
Magazine of Art -- : 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947
Magriel, Paul: 1954
Maurer, Alfred L.: 1951
Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1943, 1947, 1955
Miller, Dorothy: 1950, 1951
Milwaukee Art Institute: 1948
Minicam Photography -- : 1941, 1943, 1944
Modernage Furniture Corp.: 1945
More, Herman (Whitney Museum of American Art): 1954
Morton, Phillip: 1951, 1952
Mount Holyoke College: 1943
Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute: 1956
Museum of Modern Art: 1934, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945
Museum of the City of New York: 1958
N.W. Ayer and Son: 1945, 1946, 1950
The Nation -- : 1940, 1955
National Gallery of Art: 1944, 1945
National Maritime Union: 1945
Navas, Elizabeth: 1952, 1953, 1954
Neuberger, Roy: 1952
The New American Library -- : 1955, 1956
The New Republic -- : 1944, 1947
The New School for Social Research: 1945
The New York Herald Tribune -- : 1945, 1947
New York Historical Society: 1943
New York Public Library: 1943, 1955, 1956
New York State Museum: 1949
The New York Times -- : 1940
Newark Museum: 1944
Newhall, Beaumont: 1944
Newhall, Nancy: 1945
Norman, Dorothy: 1934, 1937, 1938, 1940
Old Print Shop: 1945
Olmsted, Anna Wetherill (Syracuse Museum of Art): 1950
Opportunity -- : 1943, 1944, 1945
Ossorio, Alfonso: 1953
P. F. Collier and Son Corp.: 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1958
Pach, Walter: 1955
Parnassus -- : 1939
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art: 1951
Pepsi-Cola Company: 1944, 1945
Philadelphia Art Alliance: 1946
Pierre Matisse Gallery: 1938, 1939
Popular Photography -- : 1943
Portland Art Museum: 1940
Porter, Eliot: 1954
Printer's Ink (Carl Weiss): 1951
Railway Express Agency: 1949
Rivera, Diego: 1949
Rogers, John C.: 1941
Roosevelt, Eleanor: 1944
Rosenblum, Walter: 1944
Rothschild, Lincoln: 1937, 1942, 1945, 1946, 1949
Royce, William: 1933, 1934, 1935, 1942, 1958
Rukeyser, Muriel: 1941, 1950
San Francisco Chronicle -- : 1951, 1953
Sarah Lawrence College: 1942, 1943, 1944
Saturday Evening Post -- : 1946
Schlesinger, Arthur: 1943
School Art League of New York City: 1953, 1954
Schwimmer, Rosika: 1933, 1935, 1943
Sculpture's Guild: 1938, 1940, 1941
Segy, Ladislaw: 1943
Shelter -- : 1939
Sloan, John: 1951
Smith College Museum of Art: 1939, 1954
Soby, James Thrall: 1935, 1946, 1951
Social Science Research Council: 1948
Springfield Museum of Fine Art: 1938, 1940, 1941
Standard Oil: 1946
Stein, Gertrude: 1934
Sterling, Charles (Department of Painting, The Louvre): 1951
Strand, Paul: 1942
Survey Associates -- : 1938, 1939
Sweeney, James John: 1954, 1955, 1956
Thornton, Russell (see also Corcoran Gallery of Art): 1951, 1952, 1953
Time Magazine -- : 1945
Toklas, Alice B.: 1949
Traphagen School of Fashion: 1957
U.S. Camera -- : 1940
University of Chicago Library: 1951
University of Minnesota: 1951
University of Nebraska: 1953, 1954, 1956, 1957
Vanderbilt, Paul (Library of Congress): 1950
Vogue Magazine -- : 1953
Vose, Robert C.: 1945
Wade, Henry: 1954
Walker Art Center: 1946, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951
Walker, Hudson: 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952
Ward, Lynd: 1942, 1945, 1947
Western Photography -- : 1946
Weston, Edward: 1943
Weyhe Gallery: 1940, 1951
Wheaton College: 1955
Wheeler, Monroe: 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945
Whitney Museum of American Art: 1946, 1947, 1951
Wichita Art Association: 1947
Williams, Hermann Warner (see also Corcoran Gallery of Art): 1950, 1951, 1952, 1954
Wilson, Sol: 1945
Worcester Art Museum: 1943, 1945
World Publishing Company: 1946, 1949, 1950, 1955
Yale University Art Gallery: 1949
Yale University Library: 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954
Young, Art: 1941
Young Artists Guild: 1948
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Elizabeth McCausland papers, 1838-1995, bulk 1920-1960. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art
The Carlen Galleries, Inc., records measure 10.4 linear feet (gift portions) and date from 1775 to 1997 (bulk 1940-1986). Correspondence, business records, subject files, a scrapbook, printed matter, and photographs document the operation and activities of Carlen Galleries, Inc., and its founder Robert Carlen.
Scope and Content Note:
The Carlen Galleries, Inc., records measure 10.4 linear feet (gift portions, Parts 1 and 3) and date from 1775-1998 (bulk 1940-1986). Correspondence, business records, subject files, a scrapbook, printed matter, and photographs document the operation and activities of Carlen Galleries, Inc., and its founder Robert Carlen.
Part 1: Received in 1986 as a gift from Robert Carlen, these records document the activities of Carlen Galleries and its founder, 1937-1986. Correspondence mainly concerns the sale and purchase of works of art. Also included are artist files containing correspondence, receipts, and printed matter regarding Albert Davies, Edward Hicks, Käthe Kollwitz, Horace Pippin, and Maurice Prendergast. Subject files concern African American artists, Raphael Peale, Raymond Feuillate, and the French Moderns. Business records consist of loan forms, documentation of exhibitions at Carlen Galleries, inventories, a scrapbook and clippings concerning the gallery, conservation reports, appraisals (not microfilmed), and financial records.
Part 2: Additional records documenting the activities of Carlen Galleries and its founder, 1937-1986, were loaned by Robert Carlen for microfilming in 1988. Included are letters about Horace Pippin and rare letters from the artist. Other correspondence concerns Carlen's search for paintings by Edward Hicks, and there is also a small selection of letters regarding more routine gallery business. Among the business records are and account book and receipts. Printed matter consists of exhibition catalogs, announcements, and clippings; a scrapbook contains printed matter about Horace Pippin. Photographs are of Allan Freelon and works of art.
Part 3: Received in 2002 as a gift from Robert Carlen's daughter Nancy Carlen, this portion of the Carlen Galleries, Inc., Records consists of two letters, business records, photographs, and selections from the galleries' library. Letters are from Joan Baez, circa 1960 and Charles M. Mount, 1968. Previously sealed letters from Charles M. Mount, undated, and 1962-1975, relating to John Singer Sargent have been integrated into this portion.
Part 4: Additional records borrowed for microfilming from Nancy Carlen in 2002 include documents dated 1775-1997 (bulk 1940s-1990). Correspondence concerns gallery business, but a small amount of personal correspondence is also included. Business records consist of appraisal reports, receipts for sales and purchases, and the contract and program for the 1964 University [of Pennsylvania] Hospital Antiques Show in which Carlen Galleries exhibited. Subject files document Edward Hicks, Anatol Jal, the Captain James Lawrence Goblet, Horace Pippin, and Antoine Roux. Five notebooks, containing material similar to that in the subject files, are about Horace Pippin (vols. 1-3), Edward Hicks (vol. 4), and chronicle the career of Robert Carlen (vol. 5).
Printed matter consists of clippings and other items concerning art and antiques, Robert Carlen and Carlen Galleries, Inc., and the Diplomatic Reception Rooms of the State Department where two Hicks paintings owned by Carlen were on extended loan. Among the miscellaneous records are biographical documents, personal financial records, business and research notes (including original documents and photocopies of archival materials), and four prints. Photographs are mostly of antiques and art work; also included are a few pictures of people, places, and miscellaneous subjects.
The collection is arranged into four parts, representing gift and loan accessions received and microfilmed at various times. The two loans for microfilming (Parts 2 and 4) overlap and partially duplicate one another-particularly records relating to Horace Pippin and Edward Hicks-but are far from identical. Some of the Pippin and Hicks material was significantly rearranged in the interim between the first loan (1988) and the second (2002).
Part 1: Gift (1986), 1906-1986 (Boxes 1-7; 7.0 linear feet; Reels 4166-4175)
Part 2: Loan (1988), 1937-1986 (Reel 4175)
Part 3: Gift (2002), 1835-1992 (Boxes 8-12; 3.4 linear feet; Reel 5745)
Part 4: Loan (2002), 1775-1997 (Reels 5746-5748)
Robert Carlen (1906-1990) worked as a secretary and attended evening classes at the Graphic Sketch Club in Philadelphia right after graduating from high school. He studied painting full-time at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts during the academic year 1928/29, and from 1929-1936 he continued to study painting in the evenings while employed at a brokerage firm.
Since he wanted to be associated with the art world and needed to earn a living, Carlen decided to establish an art gallery that would show the works of young artists. In 1937, he opened in Carlen Galleries in his home at 323 South 16th Street, Philadelphia; the galleries operated in the same location for the remainder of Carlen's life. In its earliest years, Carlen Galleries housed exhibitions of the Associated American Artists' Group and featured prints by Wanda Gag, Käthe Kollwitz, Louis Lozowick, Lynd Ward, and other print makers.
In 1941, paintings by Horace Pippin were exhibited at Carlen Galleries. Carlen soon befriended the artist and began providing him with art supplies. He remained Pippin's agent for many years following the artist's death in 1946, and was a sought-after authority on the artist's work and life.
By the mid-1940s, Carlen had discovered a painting by Edward Hicks in Bucks County, Pa. He began researching the then-obscure Quaker artist. Through contacting descendants of Hicks's patrons, Carlen was able to acquire many of Hicks's paintings and Carlen Galleries became known for handling important early American folk paintings and antiques. Among his clients were Edward W. and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Winterthur Museum, Winterthur, Del., Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, Williamsburg, Va., and the Shelburne Museum, Shelburne, Vt.
During the course of his long career, Robert Carlen served as an advisor to many Philadelphia collectors and developed an extensive knowledge of the genealogies and heirlooms of the city's prominent families. Because of his extensive experience and expertise, Carlen's opinion was widely valued and his services as an appraiser of art and antiques were in great demand.
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 4175 and 5746-5748) including material relating to Horace Pippin. Loaned material was returned to the lender and is described in the collection container inventory.
The collection was acquired in various accessions of gifts and loans. Part 1: gift of Robert Carlen, 1986; Part 2: loaned by Robert Carlen for microfilming, 1988; Part 3: gift of Nancy Carlen, 2002 (previously sealed letters and appraisals received with Part 1 are housed with Part 3 and integrated for microfilming); Part 4: loaned by Nancy Carlen for microfilming, 2002.
Patrons must use microfilm copy.
This collection is access restricted. Use requires written permission. Financial and Legal Records (Series 8) are closed to researchers until they can be processed to a more detailed level. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Holly Solomon Gallery records, circa 1948-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
The Exhibitions series includes schedules and information about traveling shows, which were usually group exhibitions built around themes; these records are arranged chronologically. The majority of the records in this series consist of files on particular exhibitions, including both traveling shows and exhibitions held at Midtown Galleries; these records are arranged alphabetically by exhibition title. See the Appendix for .
See Appendix for a chronological list of Midtown Galleries exhibitions documented in Series 2.
The series is organized into two subsseries:
2.1: Schedules and General Correspondence, 1932-1982, undated
Appendix: List of Midtown Galleries Exhibitions Documented in Series 2:
This list was compiled from announcements and catalogs produced by Midtown Galleries. A few of these were not included with the Midtown Galleries records, but were microfilmed in the mid-1960s as part of an Archives of American Art project to microfilm exhibition catalogs at a number of art libraries. Microfilm reel and frame numbers for these items are indicated in parentheses (reel: frames) immediately following the title. Most are part of Series VII: Printed Matter, and are microfilmed in chronological order; those marked with an asterisk (*) are part of the 1997 addition (5438: 713-838 and 889-932).
DateExhibitionNov. 1-15, 1932 -- Paintings by Bertram Goodman
Dec. 5-29, 1932 -- Paintings by Saul [Berman]
Nov. 7-22, 1933 -- Paintings by Marko Vukovic
Jan. 2-17, 1934 -- Recent Paintings of Nantucket by Margaret Wendell Huntington
Jan. 22-Feb.3, 1934 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole
April 2-17, 1934 -- Watercolors by Eleanor Hine
April 18-May 5, 1934 -- Paintings by Ary Stillman
Oct. 15-27, 1934 -- Paintings by Arthur L. Esner
Dec. 5-22, 1934 -- New York Night, Paintings by Eugene C. Fitsch
Jan. 14-26, 1935 -- Water Colors by E. Helen Young
Feb. 18-March 15, 1935 -- Paintings by Saul [Berman]
March 7-23, 1935 -- Drawings and Etchings by Isabel Bishop
April 1-19, 1935 -- Four Recent Guggenheim Fellows (Paintings by Francis Criss, Frank Mechau, Jr., and Doris Rosenthal, and Sculptures by Oronzio Maldarelli)
April 16-29, 1935 -- Feminanities, Paintings by Minna Citron
May 1-19, 1935 -- Doris Rosenthal (N442:537-538)
Dec. 26-Jan. 9, 1936 -- Vermont Farms by Margaret W. Huntington
Dec. 26-Jan. 12, 1936 -- Paintings of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania by Maurice Freedman
Feb. 11-29, 1936 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop
April 10-25, 1936 -- Watercolors by Eugenie Schein
May 11-25, 1936 -- Paintings by Vincent Spagna
Oct. 14-31, 1936 -- Paintings by Martha Simpson
Dec. 8-24, 1936 -- Watercolors by Betty Pierson-Parsons
Dec. 13-24, 1936 -- American Print Makers Tenth Anniversary Annual Exhibition of Etchings, Lithographs, Woodcuts
Feb. 1-15, 1937 -- Doris Rosenthal
March 22-April 10, 1937 -- Paintings by Paul Cadmus
April 12-24, 1937 -- Paintings by Edith Nagler
April 19-May 3, 1937 -- Watercolors of Mexico by Eugenie Schein
Oct. 5-18, 1937 -- Vincent Spagna (Br15:527-529)
Oct. 19-Nov. 4, 1937 -- Paintings by Minna Citron
Nov. 5-22, 1937 -- Paul Mommer (Br15:533-535)
Nov. 23-Dec. 6, 1937 -- Paintings by Mary Hutchinson
Nov. 23-Dec. 6, 1937 -- Contemporary American Artists (Br15:536)
Dec. 7-20, 1937 -- Herbert Ferber (Br15:539-541)
Dec. 21-Jan. 3, 1938 -- Paintings by Alfred Kraemer
Jan. 4-17, 1938 -- Paintings by M. Azzi Aldrich
Feb. 8-26, 1938 -- Paintings and Drawings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal
Sept. 16-Oct. 3, 1938 -- Paintings by Margit Varga
Nov. 21-Dec. 10, 1938 -- Paintings and Drawings by Zoltan Sepeshy
Dec. 8-24, 1938 -- Water Colors by Betty P. Parsons
Dec. 12-30, 1938 -- Water Colors of Bucks County by Lionel S. Reiss
Dec. 27-Jan. 14, 1939 -- Paintings by Jacob Getlar Smith
Jan. 17-Feb. 4, 1939 -- Paintings and Drawings by Isabel Bishop
Feb. 6-20, 1939 -- Paintings by Vincent Drennan
March 7-25, 1939 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole
March 27-April 15, 1939 -- Paintings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal
April 17-May 6, 1939 -- Recent Paintings by Waldo Peirce
Sept. 26-Oct. 14, 1939 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman
Oct. 17-Nov. 2, 1939 -- Paintings by Vincent Spagna
Nov. 3-20, 1939 -- Paintings by Minna Citron
Nov. 21-Dec. 9, 1939 -- Paintings by Frederic Taubes
Dec. 9-24, 1939 -- Water Colors by Betty P. Parsons
Jan. 3-20, 1940 -- Paintings by Emlen Etting
Feb. 20-March 9, 1940 -- Paintings by Paul Meltsner
March 19-April 6, 1940 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Bernardine Custer
Nov. 11-30, 1940 -- Paintings by Fletcher Martin
Dec. 2-21, 1940 -- Paintings by Simka Simkhovitch
Feb. 3-22, 1941 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Zoltan Sepeshy
March 3-22, 1941 -- Paintings by Doris Rosenthal
April 14-May 3, 1941 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce
July 22-Aug. 22, 1941 -- Dealers Show American Art
Nov. 3-22, 1941 -- Pastels by Gladys Rockmore Davis
Nov. 25-Dec. 13, 1941 -- Water Colors by Betty P. Parsons
Dec. 15-Jan. 3, 1942 -- Paintings of the Tennessee Valley by Minna Citron
Jan. 6-24, 1942 -- Paintings by Jacob Getlar Smith
Jan. 26-Feb. 14, 1942 -- Watercolors by Zoltan Sepeshy
March 3-21, 1942 -- Tenth Anniversary Loan Exhibition, Works of Art by Midtown Artists Borrowed Back for this event from the Permanent Collections of Leading American Museums and Collectors
March 31-April 18, 1942 -- Watercolors by Waldo Peirce
April 27-May 16, 1942 -- Paintings by Vincent Spagna
May 18-June 6, 1942 -- Drawings by Isabel Bishop
Jan. 4-29, 1943 -- Watercolors by Jacob Getlar Smith
Feb. 8-March 6, 1943 -- Paintings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal
March 5-27, 1943 -- Water Colors, Drawings and Prints by Contemporary American Artists at MacMurray College, courtesy of Midtown Galleries
March 29-April 17, 1943 -- Drawings by Minna Citron
April 19-May 15, 1943 -- Paintings by Gladys Rockmore Davis
May 17-June 4, 1943 -- Sculpture, Water Colors and Drawings by Herbert Ferber
Oct. 19-Nov. 6, 1943 -- Watercolors of the United States by Dong Kingman
Nov. 9-27, 1943 -- Ceramic Sculpture by Lilian Swann Saarinen
Nov. 23-Dec. 11, 1943 -- Drawings, Pastels, and Paintings by Doris Rosenthal
Jan. 25-Feb. 12, 1944 -- Paintings by William Thon
Feb. 5-21, 1944 -- Paintings by Mary E. Hutchinson
March 21-April 15, 1944 -- Paintings of the Ballet Backstage by Gladys Rockmore Davis
April 17-May 6, 1944 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole
May 9-27, 1944 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce
May 29-June 17, 1944 -- Water Colors of the Stage Door Canteen and Other Home Front Activities by Bernardine Custer
Nov. 13-Dec. 2, 1944 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
Dec. 5-23, 1944 -- The Road to Paris, Gouaches by Emlen Etting
Dec. 26-Jan. 13, 1945 -- New York Harbor in Wartime by Julien Binford
Dec. 28-Jan. 15, 1945 -- Paintings by Fletcher Martin
Jan. 15-Feb. 3, 1945 -- Paintings, Gouaches and Drawings by Philip Guston
May 1-19, 1945 -- Paintings of Guatemala by Doris Rosenthal
Oct. 16-Nov. 3, 1945 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
Nov. 6-Dec., 1945 -- The Peirce Children Grow Up, Paintings by Waldo Peirce
Jan. 8-26, 1946 -- Memorial Exhibition of Paintings and Watercolors by Renee Lahm
Feb. 3, 1946 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia
Feb. 19-March 9, 1946 -- Paintings by Henry Billings
April 23-May 11, 1946 -- Paintings by William Thon
Oct. 22-Nov. 9, 1946 -- Moods of Children, Paintings by Gladys Rockmore Davis
Oct. 6-26, 1946 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Paintings, Delaware Art Center, Wilmington, Delaware
Nov. 19-Dec. 7, 1946 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Zoltan Sepeshy
Feb. 2-March 1, 1947 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop
Feb. 11-March 1, 1947 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman
March 11-29, 1947 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
March 12-30, 1947 -- Recent Oil Paintings by Emlen Etting
April 1-26, 1947 -- 15th Anniversary Exhibition, Painting and Sculpture by Members of the Midtown Group of American Artists
April 2-20, 1947 -- Recent Oil Paintings by Fred Nagler
April 13-26, 1947 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Paintings, Stockwell Memorial Library, Albion College, Albion, Michigan
April 29-May 16, 1947 -- Paintings by Lenard Kester
May 12-28, 1947 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Davenport Municipal Art Gallery, Davenport, Iowa
Sept. 2, 1947 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, Tennessee
Oct. 5-25, 1947 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois
Oct. 14-Nov. 1, 1947 -- Paintings by William Palmer
Dec. 8-29, 1947 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, The Burpee Art Gallery, Rockford, Illinois
Jan. 27-Feb. 16, 1948 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner
Feb. 1, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Mulvane Art Museum, Washburn University, Topeka, Kansas
March 2-20, 1948 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
March 7-28, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Oklahoma Art Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
March 22-April 3, 1948 -- American Art, A Multiple Exhibition arranged by The Association of Dealers in American Art, and Held in Their Galleries
April 6-24, 1948 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Maurice Freedman
April 11-25, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Isaac Delgado Museum of Art, New Orleans, Louisiana
May 6-23, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Dallas Health Museum, Dallas, Texas
May 11-29, 1948 -- Paintings and Mural Sketches by Emlen Etting
June 5-28, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Arts and Mary Atkins Museum of Fine Arts, Kansas City, Missouri
July 6-29, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Kenosha Historical and Art Museum, Kenosha, Wisconsin
Oct. 5-23, 1948 -- Paintings by Lenard Kester
Jan. 4-22, 1949 -- Watercolors of Italy by William Thon
Jan. 25-Feb. 12, 1949 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner
Feb. 21-March 12, 1949 -- Paintings by Cecile Belle
March 15-April, 1949 -- Paintings and Drawings by Anatol Shulkin
April 5-23, 1949 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
May 3-21, 1949 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop
June 3-26, 1949 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, E. B. Crocker Art Gallery, Sacramento, California
Oct. 4-22, 1949 -- Paintings in Gouache by Fred Meyer
Oct. 25-Nov. 19, 1949 -- Paintings by Gladys Rockmore Davis
Nov. 22-Dec. 17, 1949 -- Paintings by Paul Cadmus, 1938-1949
Jan. 10-28, 1950 -- Non-Realistic and Objectionable Portraits of American Artists by Isabella Howland (drawings)
Jan. 31-Feb. 18, 1950 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Zoltan Sepeshy
Feb. 28-March 18, 1950 -- Drawings and Water Colors, Paris - Honolulu, by Emlen Etting
March 9-20, 1950 -- The Art Department of Northeast Missouri State Teachers College Presents... Contemporary American Artists, Midtown Galleries, New York City
March 21-April 15, 1950 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Henry Koerner
April 18-May 6, 1950 -- Paintings of Italy by William Thon
May 9-27, 1950 -- Recent Watercolors by Dong Kingman
Oct. 31-Nov. 25, 1950 -- Twenty-one Paintings in Casein and Ink by William C. Palmer
Nov. 28-Dec. 23, 1950 -- Recent Paintings by Fred Nagler
Jan. 2-29, 1951 -- Mobile Art Association Presents Contemporary Artists Circuited by Midtown Galleries
Feb. 6-24, 1951 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole
March 6-31, 1951 -- Paintings and Drawings by Henry Koerner
April 3-21, 1951 -- The Dance, Paintings and Drawings by Emlen Etting
May 1-26, 1951 -- 10 Year Retrospective Exhibition of Watercolors by Dong Kingman
Oct. 9-27, 1951 -- Watercolors and Oil Paintings by William Thon
Nov. 6-Dec. 1, 1951 -- 100 Drawings by Henry Koerner
Jan. 8-26, 1952 -- Oil Paintings by William Palmer
Feb. 5-25, 1952 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman
Feb. 20-23, 1952 -- Paintings and Drawings by Doris Rosenthal Presented by Haygood Lasseter Interiors, Miami, through courtesy of Midtown Galleries, New York City
May 6-24, 1952 -- Paintings of the West Indies by Doris Rosenthal
June 4-28, 1952 -- 20 Years of the Midtown Galleries, A Pictorial Survey of Twenty Years' Activity in the Promotion of Outstanding Contemporary American Art
Nov. 5-29, 1952 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner
March 31-April 25, 1953 -- Paintings of Spain by Gladys Rockmore Davis
April 28-May 23, 1953 -- Paintings by Cecile Belle
Oct. 20-Nov. 7, 1953 -- Paintings by Margit Varga
Nov. 17-Dec. 5, 1953 -- Paintings by Zoltan Sepeshy
Dec. 14-Jan. 9, 1954 -- Paintings by William Palmer
Feb. 9-27, 1954 -- Dong Kingman's Water Colors
April 6-May 1, 1954 -- Recent Paintings and Drawings by Henry Koerner
May 4-29, 1954 -- Watercolors by William Thon
Sept. 20, 1954 -- Art In Interiors
Oct. 19-Nov. 6, 1954 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey
Nov. 16-Dec. 4, 1954 -- Recent Paintings by Emlen Etting
Dec. 7-31, 1954 -- Recent Paintings by William Thon
Jan. 25-Feb. 12, 1955 -- Paintings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal
Feb. 23-March 19, 1955 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner
April 12-May 7, 1955 -- Paintings and Lithographs by Robert Sivard
May 10-June 4, 1955 -- Watercolors and Drawings by Dong Kingman
Oct. 25-Nov. 19, 1955 -- Paintings and Drawings by Isabel Bishop
Nov. 22-Dec. 17, 1955 -- Paintings by William Thon
Feb. 21-March 10, 1956 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Maurice Freedman
March 13-31, 1956 -- Paintings by Cecile Belle
April 3-21, 1956 -- Recent Paintings by Miron Sokole
May 8-June 2, 1956 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
Sept. 25-Oct. 17, 1956 -- 5th Annual Exhibition, Art In Interiors
Nov. 20-Dec. 15, 1956 -- Paintings of Bali by Gladys Rockmore Davis
Dec. 26-Jan. 19, 1957 -- Paintings by Zoltan Sepeshy
Jan. 22-Feb. 16, 1957 -- Paintings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal
Feb. 19-March 9, 1957 -- Paintings and Drawings by Emlen Etting
March 12-30, 1957 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner
May 7-June 8, 1957 -- 25th Anniversary Loan Exhibition, Lent by American Museums and Collectors
Nov. 12-30, 1957 -- Paintings by Betty Parsons
Dec. 3-28, 1957 -- Paintings by William Palmer
Dec. 31-Jan. 25, 1958 -- Paintings by Fred Nagler
Feb. 18-March 15, 1958 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner
March 18-April 12, 1958 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
April 15-May 10, 1958 -- Paintings by William Thon
May 13-31, 1958 -- Paintings by Annette Bartle
Oct. 28-Nov. 15, 1958 -- Paintings by Robert Sivard
Nov. 18-Dec. 6, 1958 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey
Jan. 27-Feb. 21, 1959 -- Paintings by Ernest Fiene
Feb. 24-March 14, 1959 -- Paintings by Jason Schoener
March 17-April 4, 1959 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce
April 14-May 2, 1959 -- Sculpture by Raimondo Puccinelli
May 5-23, 1959 -- Annual Good Drawing Exhibition by Distinguished American Draughtsmen
Sept. 29-Oct. 21, 1959 -- Th Annual Exhibition, Art In Interiors
Nov. 17-Dec. 5, 1959 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman
Dec. 8-26, 1959 -- Paintings by William Palmer
Jan. 5-30, 1960 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner
March 1-26, 1960 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce
March 29-April 23, 1960 -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon
May 3-28, 1960 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop
Sept. 20-Oct. 19, 1960 -- The Annual Exhibition, Art In Interiors
Oct. 25-Nov. 19, 1960 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey
Nov. 22-Dec. 10, 1960 -- Paintings by Annette Bartle
Dec. 12-Jan. 6, 1960 -- Paintings by William Palmer
Dec. 13-Jan. 7, 1961 -- Paintings by Jason Schoener
Jan. 10-Feb. 4, 1961 -- Recent Paintings by Emlen Etting
Feb. 28-March 18, 1961 -- Drawings by Henry Koerner
March 21-April 15, 1961 -- Paintings by Zoltan Sepeshy
April 18-May 13, 1961 -- Watercolors by 5: William Thon, Jason Schoener, Robert Vickrey, Edward Betts, Fred Nagler
Sept. 27-Oct. 18, 1961 -- 10th Anniversary Exhibition, Art In Interiors
Jan. 16-Feb. 3, 1962 -- Oh, Fearful Wonder of Man, Recent Paintings and Drawings by Henry Koerner
March 21-April 7, 1962 -- Barabbas
April 10-May 5, 1962 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Robert Vickrey
June 5-July 6, 1962 -- Oil Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon
Nov. 23-Dec. 15, 1962 -- 30th Anniversary Loan Exhibition, Loans from American Museums and Collectors
Dec. 19-Jan. 5, 1963 -- Recent Paintings and Drawings by Henry Koerner
Jan. 8-Feb. 2, 1963 -- Oil Paintings, Nos. 1 through 25, Paintings of Maine, California, Greece, etc., Gouaches by Jason Schoener
March 5-30, 1963 -- Four Distinguished American Painters: William Thon, Robert Vickrey, Jason Schoener, Edward Betts
April 2-27, 1963 -- 30 Years of Religious Painting by Fred Nagler
April 30-May 18, 1963 -- Forms in Light, 1959-1963, Recent Paintings by Henry Billings
Oct. 8-26, 1963 -- Recent Paintings by Annette Bartle
Oct. 29-Nov. 16, 1963 -- Recent Paintings by Maurice Freedman
Nov. 26-Dec. 21, 1963 -- Recent Paintings by William Palmer
Feb. 18-March 14, 1964 -- Paintings and Drawings by Siegfried Reinhardt
March 17-April 11, 1964 -- Paintings and Drawings by William Thon
April 21-May 9, 1964 -- Drawings, Watercolors, and Welded Sculpture by Nathan Cabot Hale
Oct. 6-31, 1964 -- Paintings of Maine by Midtown's Maine Artists (Hans Moller, Edward Betts, William Thon, Waldo Peirce, and Jason Schoener)
Nov. 10-Dec. 5, 1964 -- Paintings by Hans Moller
Dec. 8-26, 1964 -- Twenty Five Years of Drawing by Emlen Etting
Jan. 4-22, 1966 -- Paintings from the Greek Islands by Emlen Etting
Jan. 25-Feb. 12, 1966 -- Paintings of Greece by Jason Schoener
Feb. 15-March 12, 1966 -- Recent Paintings by Robert Sivard
March 15-April 2, 1966 -- Recent Paintings by Annette Bartle
April 5-30, 1966 -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon
Sept. 11-Oct. 7, 1966 -- Midtown Galleries Exhibition at Charleston Art Gallery, Charleston, W. Va.
Sept. 7-Oct. 22, 1966 -- Paintings of Maine by Midtown's Maine Artists (Hans Moller, William Thon, Edward Betts, Waldo Peirce, and Jason Schoener)
Oct. 25-Nov. 12, 1966 -- Flowers in Art, Paintings and Watercolors
Nov. 8-Dec. 3, 1966 -- Paintings by Siegfried Reinhardt
Dec. 6-31, 1966 -- Small Paintings by Major Artists (Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, William Palmer, Robert Vickrey, Emlen Etting, Doris Rosenthal, Robert Sivard, Edward Betts, Jason Schoener, Roy Moyer, Waldo Peirce, Hans Moller, Charles Coiner, Maurice Freedman, Fred Nagler, etc.)
Jan. 4-28, 1967 -- Recent Paintings by Hans Moller
March 14-April 1, 1967 -- 35th Anniversary Exhibition, A Documentary Presentation of Midtown Galleries' 35 Years of Varied Activities in Behalf of the Contemporary American Artist
April 4-29, 1967 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop
May 9-June 3, 1967 -- Watercolors by Four Distinguished American Painters (William Thon, Hans Moller, Jason Schoener, Edward Betts)
Oct. 3-28, 1967 -- Recent Paintings of France by Robert Sivard
Oct. 31-Nov. 25, 1967 -- Recent Paintings by Roy Moyer
Nov. 28-Dec. 16, 1967 -- Watercolors by Four (William Thon, Edward Betts, Jason Schoener, Hans Moller)
Dec. 12-Jan. 6, 1968 -- Paintings by William Palmer
Jan. 7-28, 1968 -- Group Exhibition at the Columbus Museum of Arts and Crafts, Inc., Columbus, Ga., Courtesy of Midtown Galleries
Jan. 16-Feb. 10, 1968 -- Recent Paintings of the Scottish Highlands by Charles Coiner
Feb. 13-March 9, 1968 -- Recent Sculpture by Fred Meyer
March 1-April 6, 1968 -- Retrospective Selection of Drawings and Prints, Including Loans from Public and Private Collections, 1907-1968
April 9-May 4, 1968 -- Paintings of Ireland by William Thon
May 7-31, 1968 -- Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings by Nathan Cabot Hale
Oct. 15-Nov. 9, 1968 -- Recent Paintings by Edward Betts
Nov 12-Dec. 7, 1968 -- Elections: Waldo Peirce, 1938-1968
Dec. 10, 1968-Jan. 4, 1969 -- Watercolors by 4 Members of the Midtown Group Noted for their Work in this Medium (William Thon, Edward Betts, Jason Schoener, Hans Moller)
Feb. 4-March 1, 1969 -- Paintings by Jason Schoner
April 1-26, 1969 -- Recent Paintings by Ethel Magafan
April 29-May 24, 1969 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey
Oct. 7-Nov. 1 Hans, 1969 -- Watercolors by Five Distinguished American Painters (William Thon, Moller, Ethel Magafan, Jason Schoener, and Edward Betts)
Nov. 5-29, 1969 -- Paintings by Richard Mayhew
Dec. 2-27, 1969 -- Recent Paintings by William Palmer
Jan. 6-24, 1970 -- Exhibition of Paintings by Maurice Freedman
Feb., 1970 -- 38th Anniversary Exhibition
March 3-28, 1970 -- Paintings of Mykonos, Etc. by Margit Varga
Sept. 29-Oct. 24, 1970 -- Watercolors and Pastels of Monhegan, Maine, by Hans Moller
Jan. 19-Feb. 13, 1971 -- Recent Paintings by Stephen Etnier
Feb. 22-March 19, 1977 -- Paintings of Artists and Writers in Paris by Robert Sivard
March 22-April 16, 1977 -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon
April 19-May 14, 1977 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman
May 17-June 4, 1977 -- New Talent and Guest Exhibition (Mary L. Buckley, Ruth Cobb, David Cobb Kupferman, Meyer Tannenbaum)
Nov. 1-26, 1977 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce
Nov. 29-Dec. 24, 1977 -- Paintings by William Palmer
Feb. 28-March 25, 1978 -- Paintings of England, Scotland, Maine by Jason Schoener
March 28-April 22, 1978 -- Drawings and Serigraphs by Gregorio Prestopino
April 25-May 20, 1978 -- Terra Cottas and Bronzes by Fred Meyer
Oct. 31-Dec. 2, 1978 -- Paintings by Charles Coiner
Nov. 28-Dec. 16, 1978 -- Watercolors of Paris Shops, Dublin Pubs, etc. by Robert Sivard
Dec. 5-30, 1978 -- Drawings and Etchings by Isabel Bishop
Jan. 9-Feb. 3, 1979 -- The Seasons (Paintings by William Palmer, Paul Cadmus, William Thon, Hans Moller, Edward Betts, Emlen Etting, Gregorio Prestopino, Richard Mayhew, Maurice Freedman, Waldo Peirce, Jason Schoener, Charles Coiner)
Feb. 6-March 3, 1979 -- Recent Paintings by Stephen Etnier
Oct. 9-Nov. 3, 1979 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman
Nov. 6-Dec. 1, 1979 -- Watercolors by Gregorio Prestopino
Dec. 4-29, 1979 -- Paul Cadmus, A Small Intimate Retrospective on the Occasion of His Seventy-fifth Birthday
Feb. 5-March 1, 1980 -- Drawings by Emlen Etting
March 4-29, 1980 -- Paintings of Summer in Maine by Jason Schoener
April 29-May 24, 1980 -- Paintings by Bruce Currie
Nov. 4-29, 1980 -- Paintings by Stephen Etnier
Dec. 2-Jan. 3, 1981 -- Paintings by William Thon
Jan. 6-31, 1981 -- Paintings by Ethel Magafan
Feb. 3-28, 1981 -- Watercolors by Ruth Cobb
March 3-28, 1981 -- Paintings by Robert Sivard
Sept. 8-Oct. 3, 1981 -- Self Portraits *
Oct. 6-31, 1981 -- A Fifty Year Drawing Retrospective and Recent Paintings by Isabel Bishop
Dec. 1-Jan. 9, 1982 -- William Palmer: Painting 50 Years
Jan. 19-Feb. 27, 1982 -- Retrospective Exhibition of Selected Paintings, 1932-1982, by Maurice Freedman
March 2-27, 1982 -- Retrospective Exhibition by Margit Varga
March 30-April 24, 1982 -- Midtown Galleries Golden Anniversary, Selected Work by Gallery Artists
April 27-May 22, 1982 -- New Bronzes and Terra Cottas by Fred Meyer
Oct. 5-20, 1982 -- Ruth Cobb: A Selection of Watercolors *
Nov. 2-27, 1982 -- A Twenty Year Retrospective Exhibition by Edward Betts
Jan. 4-29, 1983 -- Recent Paintings and Sculpture by Artists Associated with Midtown Galleries since the Thirties and Forties *
Feb. 1-26, 1983 -- Isabel Bishop: An Intimate Exhibition of Work of the Past Five Years
July 10-Aug. 4, 1983 -- Selected Works of Contemporary American Artists from the Midtown Galleries, New York City [at Fairfield University] *
Oct. 4-30, 1983 -- Paintings, Drawings and Prints by Bernarda Bryson Shahn
Nov. 1-26, 1983 -- Jason Schoener: The Artist's Travels *
Sept. 21-Nov. 5, 1994 -- Paul Tchelitchev: A Reevaluation *
Nov. 11-Dec. 30, 1994 -- Paul Cadmus: Still Lifes, Portraits, Tableaux
Jan. 12-Feb. 25, 1995 -- Jacob Lawrence: An Overview, Paintings from 1936-1994 *
March 2-April 8, 1995 -- Robert Kushner: Mille Fleurs, a Cornucopia of New Paintings *
Below is a list of exhibitions for which the year or date is unknown.
DateExhibitionundated -- Solo Exhibitions, A - Z (by artist)
Jan. 27-Feb. 10 -- Paintings by M. Azzi Aldrich
Nov. 23-Dec. 9 -- Paintings by M. Azzi Aldrich
April 17-May 6 -- Paintings by Saul Berman
Nov. 9-28 -- Paintings by Julien Binford
March 7-23 -- Drawings and Etchings by Isabel Bishop
Oct. 3-15 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop
Feb. 15-March 4 -- Paintings by Homer Boss
April 18-30 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Homer Boss
Oct. 24-Nov. 17 -- Paintings and Drawings by Paul Cadmus
April 16-29 -- Feminanities, Paintings by Minna Citron
April 27-May 13 -- Paintings by Minna Citron
Dec. 14-25 -- Paintings by Adelaide De Groot
June 8-21 Other -- Exhibition of Drawings of the Philadelphia Stage Door Canteen and Recent Drawings by Emlen Etting
Oct. 23-Nov. 11 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Maurice Freedman
Dec. 26-Jan. 12 -- Paintings of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania by Maurice Freedman
Feb. 1-14 -- Watercolors by Ethel Katz
Oct. 13-31 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
Oct. 14-Nov. 1 -- Dong Kingman's Watercolors
undated -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman
June 6-23 -- Building the New York World's Fair, Gouaches and Oil Paintings by Renee Lahm
March 23-April 15 -- New York Murals by Edward Laning
May 22-June 9 -- Drawings of War in Italy by Edward Laning
Oct. 19-Nov. 4 -- Sculpture by Oronzio Maldarelli
Oct. 29-Nov. 17 -- Sculptures in Hammered Metal by Oronzio Maldarelli
March 18-31 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Joseph Margulies
June 2-21 -- Drawings by Fletcher Martin
April 20-May 9 -- Oils, Water Colors, Lithographs, and Drawing by Paul R. Meltsner
April 30-May 18 -- Oils, Tempera, and Lithographs by Paul R. Meltsner
May 24-June 10 -- Oil Paintings and Water Colors by Paul Meltsner
May 14-29 -- Watercolors by Thalia Millett
May 7-27 -- Watercolors by Kaname Miyamoto
May 1-16 -- Paintings by Paul Mommer
Oct. 2-18 -- Paintings by Paul Mommer
Oct. 13-31 -- Paintings by Paul Mommer
Nov. 1-16 -- Paintings by Paul Mommer
May 12-31 -- Paintings by Fred Nagler
Oct. 18-31 -- Paintings by Fred Nagler
Jan. 4-29 -- Iowa Landscapes, Paintings and Watercolors by William C. Palmer
March 24-April 12 -- Recent Wash Drawings by William C. Palmer
Sept. 25-Oct. 14 -- Paintings and Drawings by William Palmer
Dec. 12 -- Paintings by William Palmer
Dec. 3-16 -- Watercolors by Betty Pierson-Parsons
Feb. 15-March 1 -- Paintings and Sculpture by Alzira Peirce
Oct. 4-17 -- Paintings by Alzira Peirce
Jan. 7-25 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce
March 3-29 -- Paintings, Watercolors, Prints by Waldo Peirce
Aug. 30-Sept. 25 -- Six Year Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings by Waldo Peirce
Nov. 16-Dec. 5 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce
Nov. 14-Dec. 9 -- Paintings and Drawings by Siegfried Reinhardt
Dec. 12-30 -- Watercolors by Lionel S. Reiss
Nov. 2-14 -- Water Scenes of New York by Saul [Berman]
April 10-25 -- Watercolors by Eugenie Schein
Nov. 1-19 -- Paintings by Anatol Shulkin
Sept. 28-Oct. 12 -- Paintings by Martha Simpson
Jan. 18-Feb. 5 -- Paintings by Jacob Getler Smith
April 9-27 -- Drawings and Watercolors by Jacob Getlar Smith
Dec. 27-Jan. 14 -- Watercolors by Jacob Getlar Smith
Jan. 11-28 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole
Dec. 10-23 -- Gouaches by Miron Sokole
March 2-16 -- Paintings by Isaac Soyer
May 3-21 -- Paintings by Isaac Soyer
March 2-20 -- Paintings by Frederic Taubes
Nov. 27-Dec. 22 -- Recent Paintings by William Thon
undated -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon
Feb. 27-March 10 -- Watercolors of Mexico by Edward Valentine
March 22-April 9 -- Sculpture by Arline Wingate
Jan. 14-26 -- Water Colors by E. Helen Young
Group Exhibitions, date or year unknown
DateExhibitionundated -- Group Exhibitions
Feb. 27-March 26 -- Cooperative Exhibition of Contemporary American Art
May 4-31 -- Peggy de Salle Presents Little Gallery's 20th Anniversary: Four Nationally Known Artists, Courtesy Midtown Galleries (Isabel Bishop, Stephen Etnier, Zoltan Sepeshy, William Thon)
June 24-July 30 -- Three Painters from the Midtown, Watercolors, Drawings, Pastels at United Virginia Bank Gallery, Norfolk, Va. (Hans Miller, Jason Schoener, William Thon)
July 31-Aug. 13 -- Contemporary American Artists Associated with Midtown Galleries of New York, Four Fountains, Southampton
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
The records of the Catherine Viviano Gallery measure 11.6 linear feet and date from 1930-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1949-1978. Established in New York City in 1949, the gallery specialized in contemporary painting and sculpture primarily by American and European artists. The collection consists of artists' files; correspondence with artists, collectors, dealers, museum directors, curators, and publishers; business records; printed material; and photographs of artwork and artists. Also included are records relating to Catherine Viviano's activities as a private dealer and consultant after she closed the gallery in 1970.
Scope and Contents note:
The records of the Catherine Viviano Gallery measure 11.6 linear feet and date from 1930-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1949-1978. Established in New York City in 1949, the gallery specialized in contemporary painting and sculpture primarily by American and European artists. The collection consists of artists' files; correspondence with artists, collectors, dealers, museum directors, curators, and publishers; business records; printed material; and photographs of artwork and artists. Also included are records relating to Catherine Viviano's activities as a private dealer and consultant after she closed the gallery in 1970.
Artists' files include biographical material; artists' statements; correspondence; sales and expense reports; lists and notes; guest lists; writings by others; receipts, invoices, and statements; printed material, including press releases, exhibition announcements, brochures, catalogues, clippings; and photographs of artwork and artists. Included are extensive files on Afro Basaldella, Renato Birolli, Robert Broderson, Anselmo Franesconi, Joseph Glasco, Manabu Mabe, César Manrique, Luciano Minguzzi, Ennio Morlotti, Bernard Perlin, Daniel Rice, and Bernard Rosenthal. There are also files on Jan Cox, Kay Sage, and Kazuo Wakabayashi.
Correspondence comprises the largest series in the collection and consists of general correspondence; correspondence with museums, galleries, and art-related institutions in the United States; and correspondence with museums, galleries, and art-related institutions abroad. Letters focus on routine business matters, e.g., appraisals and sales, acquisitions, and organizing exhibitions at the Catherine Viviano Gallery and other venues.
General correspondence includes letters between Catherine Viviano and artists and their family members. Among the correspondents are: Mary Callery, Bernard Chaet, Piero and Virginia Dorazio, Jean Dubuffet, Dallas Ernst, Karl Fortress, Alberto Giacometti, Henry Sage Goodwin, Morris Graves, José Guerrero, Earle Ludgin, Joan Miro, Alfonso Ossorio, Dorothea Tanning, Stuyvesant Van Veen, Adja Yunkers and his wife, Dore Ashton, among others. Also found is Viviano's correspondence with clients, many of whom were prominent collectors, e.g., Richard Brown Baker, Carl and Joan Fisher, Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman, Joseph Hirschhorn, Marc Moyens, Vincent Price, Joseph Pulitzer, Jr., Nelson Rockefeller, Stanley Seeger, and Frederick and Dorothy Zimmerman. Of interest, are letters from Elizabeth Bishop inquiring about the purchase of a work of art from the gallery. Included are letters from art historians, museum directors, curators, representatives at other art-related institutions, and publishers including Walter Bareiss, Walter Barker, Dominque De Menil, Valentine Dudensing, William Eisendrath, S. Lane Faison, Emily Genauer, Bertram Goodhue, Erhard and Barbara Göpel, James Laughlin, Porter McCray, Abram Lerner, Doris Meltzer, Stephen Robson Miller, John Bernard Myers, Perry Rathbone, Belle Krasne Ribicoff, Meyer Shapiro, George Stout, and Curt Valentin.
Correspondence with museums, galleries, and art-related institutions in the United States contains letters between Viviano and museum directors, curators, dealers, artists, and collectors pertaining to loans, shipping and delivery of artwork, appraisals and sales, and acquisitions. Files include substantive correspondence with the American Academy of Arts and Letters, American Federation of the Arts, Art Institute of Chicago, Arts Club of Chicago, the Barnes Foundation, Bristol Art Museum, Brooklyn Museum, Bundy Art Gallery, Carnegie Institute, City Art Museum of St. Louis, Cleveland Museum of Art, Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Denver Art Museum, Des Moines Art Center, Detroit Institute of Arts, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Institute of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles County Art Museum, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Museum of Fine Arts of Houston, Museum of Modern Art, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia Art Alliance, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, University of Nebraska Art Galleries, University of Virginia, Mary Washington College, Wadsworth Atheneum, Walker Art Center, William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art, Atkins Museum of the Fine Arts, World House Gallery, and Yale University Art Library.
Correspondence with museums, galleries, and art-related institutions abroad primarily concerns the lending of artwork for exhibitions, acquisition and sales; also included are letters requesting biographical information on artists. Letters between Catherine Viviano and representatives of Max Beckmann Gesellschaft Archiv and Galerie Gunther Franke contain provenance-related information on Beckmann's work.
Business records document the routine business operations of the gallery. Printed material includes an incomplete run of Catherine Viviano Gallery exhibition catalogues; invitations and announcements from other galleries and institutions; and miscellaneous printed material.
Photographs include three images of miscellaneous artwork used for art reference.
Records are generally arranged by material type and in chronological order thereafter. Artists' files and correspondence files are arranged in alphabetical order and materials within the folders are arranged chronologically
The collection is arranged as 5 series:
Series 1: Artists' Files, 1945-1986 (Boxes 1-3; 3.5 linear feet)
Series 2: Correspondence, 1939-1985 (Boxes 3-6; 5.5 linear feet)
Series 3: Business Records, 1949-1972 (Boxes 10-11; 1.0 linear feet)
Series 4: Printed Material, 1930-1990 (Boxes 11-13; 1.6 linear feet)
Series 5: Photographs (1948-1954), undated (Box 14; 1 folder)
Catherine Viviano (1889-1992) opened her gallery in 1949 on 42 East 57th Street in New York City. Specializing in contemporary American paintings and sculpture, the gallery featured younger American and European artists, e.g., Robert Broderson, Carlyle Brown, Jan Cox, Joseph Glasco, Peter Lanyon, Manabu Mabe, César Manrique, Bernard Perlin, Joseph Rollo, Bernard Rosenthal, and Kay Sage, among others. The gallery was also notable for introducing the work of Italian artists, who had been cut off from the American art scene during World War II, including Afro Basaldella and his brother Mirko Basaldella, Renato Birolli, Leonardo Cremonini, and Luciano Minguzzi.
Born in Italy in 1899 and raised in Chicago, Catherine Viviano came to New York in the early 1930's to work at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, where she remained for sixteen years before founding the Catherine Viviano Gallery.
In 1970, Catherine Viviano closed the gallery, though she continued to work from her home as an art dealer and consultant. She died of a stroke at the age of ninety-two in 1992.
Related Archival Materials note:
Among the other resources relating to Catherine Viviano Gallery in the Archives of American Art are the Kay Sage papers, 1925-circa 1985, bulk 1950-1965.
The Catherine Viviano Gallery records were donated in 2003 on behalf of Margaret Viviano, Catherine Viviano's sister, by her grandnephew, Peter C. Salerno, who had Power of Attorney for Margaret Viviano.
Use of original papers requires an appointment.