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Kamod Ragini

Artist:
Attributed to the Sirohi Master (active ca. 1670-1690)  Search this
Medium:
Opaque watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (overall): 23.5 × 17.8 cm (9 1/4 × 7 in)
Type:
Painting
Origin:
Sirohi, Rajasthan state, India
Date:
ca. 1670-1690
Topic:
peacock  Search this
woman  Search this
ragamala  Search this
India  Search this
South Asian and Himalayan Art  Search this
twilight  Search this
Catherine and Ralph Benkaim Collection  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase and partial gift from the Catherine and Ralph Benkaim Collection — funds provided by the Friends of the Freer and Sackler Galleries
Accession Number:
S2018.1.55
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3f53be5d3-4119-4aee-8100-ad298c665cc1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2018.1.55

The Fisherman and the River Goddess with his Captured Multi-Colored Fishes and the River Night Guard

Maker:
Twins Seven-Seven, 1944-2011, born Nigeria  Search this
Medium:
Oil, pastel, and ink on wood
Dimensions:
H x W: 67.5 x 108.5 cm (26 9/16 x 42 11/16 in.)
Type:
Painting
Geography:
Nigeria
Date:
ca. 1960
Topic:
fish  Search this
boat  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Merton Simpson
Object number:
97-6-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Currents: Water in African Art
On View:
NMAfA, Third Level Corridor
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7f2651972-63c7-4382-82ba-6c9201de9bd6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_97-6-1

Man riding a buffalo

Maker:
Pende artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, pigment, brass tacks
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 56.5 x 23 x 32.5 cm (22 1/4 x 9 1/16 x 12 13/16 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Early 20th century
Topic:
Leadership  Search this
Status  Search this
equestrian  Search this
male  Search this
bovine  Search this
Trade  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Barbara and Joseph Goldenberg
Object number:
2011-4-1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Exhibition:
Visionary: Viewpoints on Africa's Arts
On View:
NMAfA, Second Level Gallery (2193)
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys70a534384-df19-4ee4-a970-da0ebed321bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2011-4-1
Online Media:

Curatorial Records, 2019-2020

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution) Department of History  Search this
Subject:
Shaw, Gwendolyn DuBois 1968-  Search this
Stanford University  Search this
University of California, Santa Barbara  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (U.S.) Department of Audience Engagement  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (U.S.) Department of Curatorial Affairs  Search this
Type:
Electronic mail
Collection descriptions
Electronic records
Date:
2019
2019-2020
Topic:
Portraits, American  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Learning and scholarship  Search this
Congresses and conventions  Search this
Museums--Educational aspects  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Identity  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 21-105
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2036. Records may contain personally identifiable information (PII) that is permanently restricted; Transferring office; 09/29/2021 memorandum, Toda to File; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Curatorial Records 2006-2020 [National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution) Department of History]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404627

Brother Cornelius papers relating to William Keith

Creator:
Cornelius, Brother, 1877-1962  Search this
Names:
Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906  Search this
Keith, Mary McHenry, 1855-1947  Search this
Keith, William, 1838-1911  Search this
Extent:
2,500 Items ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1908-1955
Scope and Contents:
Material related to Brother Cornelius' research as the biographer of painter, engraver William Keith, including letters from prominent artists, art historians, gallery owners, museum directors, and members of Keith's family. Notably, Keith's widow, Mary McHenry Keith, writes about her activities in the women's sufferage movement, her friendship with Susan B. Anthony, and William Keith's personal and artistic life. Also among the papers are two photographs of William Keith, a genealogy, exhibition catalogs, and clippings.
Biographical / Historical:
Biographer, Christian Brother, teacher at St. Mary's College, Moraga, California. William Keith was a California landscape and portrait painter, engraver; born in Scotland.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1979 by St. Mary's College.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Biographers -- California  Search this
Engravers -- California  Search this
Landscape painters -- California  Search this
Portrait painters -- California  Search this
Topic:
Women -- Suffrage  Search this
Brothers (Religious) -- California  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.cornbrot
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9fd46b378-2fe3-4beb-90d4-1c4ccc860f92
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-cornbrot

Greta Elena Couper research material on Thomas Ball and William Couper

Creator:
Couper, Greta Elena  Search this
Names:
Ball, Thomas, 1819-1911  Search this
Couper, William, 1853-1942  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1850-1988
Scope and Contents:
Photographs, correspondence, printed material and a handwritten music score sheet relating to artists Thomas Ball and his son-in-law William Couper, compiled by Greta Couper for publications about Ball and Couper.
The majority of the collection is photographs of works of art by Thomas Ball and William Couper, including a CD of images. Additional photographs are of Ball, Couper, and family. Also included are copies of correspondence by William Couper and indexes and printed material relating to Ball and Couper compiled by Greta Couper, and a handwritten music score sheet by Thomas Ball.
Biographical / Historical:
Greta Couper is a writer and art historian in Los Angeles, California.
Provenance:
Donated 1988 and 2014 by Greta Couper, the great-great-granddaughter of Thomas Ball and the great-granddaughter of William Couper.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Women art historians  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.coupgret
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9d17c1034-7136-4c33-a73d-da08a0e99066
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-coupgret

Robert M. Frash papers relating to Loren MacIver

Creator:
Frash, Robert M., 1913-  Search this
Names:
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
MacIver, Loren, 1909-1998  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1937-1982
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence with MacIver; photographs of MacIver's paintings; writings and notes, including texts for Frash's catalog of MacIver; business records with numerous galleries and individuals; exhibition catalogs and announcements; reviews and articles about MacIver; a tape recording containing commentary by Frash on some of MacIver's works; and miscellaneous printed material.
Also, 12 letters, 1969-1979 from Adelyn Breeskin and an unpublished manuscript by Breeskin on MacIver's work, 36 p., annotated by MacIver. The text was to serve as an introduction to a book on MacIver.
Biographical / Historical:
Art historian; Newport Beach, Calif. Interested in painter Loren MacIver. In 1983 Frash curated the exhibition "Five Decades: Loren MacIver" at the Newport Harbor Art Museum.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Robert Frash.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- California  Search this
Painters -- California  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Art -- Exhibitions -- California -- Newport Beach  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.frasrobe
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96201d8cb-10b9-4fe4-82ca-06dba004f31a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-frasrobe

Betty Freeman papers

Creator:
Freeman, Betty  Search this
Names:
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-1980  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet ((on 2 microfilm reels))
32 Items (Addition)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Date:
1951-1969
Scope and Contents:
Research material on painters Clyfford Still (1904-1980) and Sam Francis (1923-1994), including correspondence, photographs, notes, and unpublished drafts of manuscripts.
The Still material includes detailed notes from various interviews with Still (none of which were tape recorded); correspondence between Freeman and Still; and photocopies of letters from Still to Alfonso Ossorio, Mark Tobey and others, which Freeman obtained from Still; copies of letters from Still to Betty Parsons; an interview with Claire Falkenstein on the subject of Still's paintings; texts by other authors, some annotated by Still; and photographs of Still and his paintings .
Sam Francis material includes several files of research notes and approximately 375 photographs of Francis and his paintings.
Draft manuscripts include Clyfford Still: A Critical Study (1963, 200 pages), Clyfford Still: A Study (1968, 212 pages), and Sam Francis: Ideas and Paintings (1969, 212 pages). Freeman did not have any of these writings published. The manuscript on Sam Francis coincided with the publication of another book on Francis by Peter Selz, and the manuscript on Still was blocked when Still rescinded his permission to quote and to use illustrations of material which he controlled.
ADDITION: Biographical information on Sam Francis and postscript.
Biographical / Historical:
Writer, art historian; Beverly Hills, Calif.
Related Materials:
Papers of Betty Freeman, 1965-2008, are also located at the Mandeville Special Collections Library.
Provenance:
Donated 1986, 2001 and 2002 by Betty Freeman.
Restrictions:
Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Art historians -- California -- Beverly Hills  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.freebett
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw986c15229-fd1b-466c-bed5-7627617112a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-freebett

Herschel Browning Chipp papers

Creator:
Chipp, Herschel Browning  Search this
Names:
University of California, Berkeley. University Art Museum  Search this
Hicks, John Donald, 1890-  Search this
Leutze, Emanuel, 1816-1868  Search this
Turner, Justin G.  Search this
Extent:
300 Items ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1974
Scope and Contents:
Papers of curator Herschel Browning Chipp concern the provenance, conservation, publication and exhibition of the painting "Washington rallying the troops at Monmouth," 1854, by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, owned by the University of California, Berkeley, University Art Museum.
correspondence, research notes, press releases, newsclippings, photographs, conservation reports, and 2 unpublished manuscripts, "Washington at Monmouth" by John D. Hicks, and "Emanuel Leutze's Mural Westward the Course of Empire Takes Us Way" by Justin G. Turner, and documents regarding the program and budget for the 1965 exhibition of the Leutze painting.
Biographical / Historical:
Art historian, writer, museum curator, and educator; Berkeley, Calif. Born 1913. Died 1992.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1984 by Herschel Browning Chipp.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Art historians -- California  Search this
History painters  Search this
Museum curators -- California  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.chiphers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9fc85e1df-91db-48d7-8eb5-bf00a4d42380
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-chiphers

Interviews conducted by Daphne Beneke with California artists

Interviewer:
Beneke, Daphne  Search this
Names:
Lobdell, Frank, 1921-  Search this
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998  Search this
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998 -- Interviewee  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne -- Interviewee  Search this
Thiebaud, Wayne -- Interviews  Search this
Woelffer, Emerson, 1914- -- Interviews  Search this
Woelffer, Emerson, 1914-2003  Search this
Wonner, Paul, 1920-2008 -- Interviewee  Search this
Wonner, Paul, 1920-2008 -- Interviews  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1995
Scope and Contents:
Interviews conducted in preparation for Beneke's publication, Fifteen Profiles: Distinguished California Modernists, published by the Fresno Art Museum, 1995. Included are audio recordings on sound cassettes and transcripts for six of the artists in the publication: Frank Lobdell, Lee Mullican, Gordon Onslow-Ford, Wayne Thiebaud, Paul Wonner, and Emerson Woelffer. The length of each interview varies from 30 minutes to two hours.
Biographical / Historical:
Educator, art historian; Pasadena, Calif.
Provenance:
Donated 1996 by Daphne Beneke.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Audio-visual recordings with no duplicate copy may require advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- California -- Pasadena  Search this
Educators -- California -- Pasadena  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.benedaph
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw965d2bfa8-3495-4036-95c7-e116d6dbd51d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-benedaph

Research material on Ronald Bladen and Les Levine

Creator:
Berkson, Bill  Search this
Names:
Bladen, Ronald, 1918-1988  Search this
Levine, Les, 1935-  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Date:
1931-1991
Scope and Contents:
Material gathered by Berkson in preparation for exhibitions on sculptors Ronald Bladen and Les Levine.
The Bladen material, compiled for a retrospective at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 1991, includes: biographical material; an unpublished artists' statement, 1946; interviews of Bladen; material from the California School of Fine Art's archives, and the Whitney Museum of American Art; Bladen correspondence, 1931-1956; Berkson correspondence, 1990-1991; a painting checklist; writings by and about Bladen; photographs of Bladen's paintings and sculptures; exhibition announcements 1941-1983; and clippings and reviews, 1941-1987.
Files on Les Levine include photographs, slides, correspondence, articles, announcements, and clippings. Included are information on his media projects Subway Project (1989) and Diamond Mind.
Biographical / Historical:
Berkson is an art historian, curator; San Francisco, Calif. Bladen, a painter and sculptor, worked in San Francisco in the mid-1950s, and later moved to New York. Levine, a conceptual and video artist, and a curator, works in New York.
Related Materials:
Papers of Bill Berkson, 1960-1988, are also located at the University of Connecticut's Archives & Special Collections.
Provenance:
Donated 1991 and 1995 by Bill Berkson.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Mass media and art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.berkbill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw971d4d9ad-7159-4c95-ad06-be117b641612
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-berkbill

Henry Alexander : San Francisco's first native-born artist: typescript, by Lois K. Gordon

Creator:
Gordon, Lois K., 1931-  Search this
Names:
Alexander, Henry, 1860-1894 or 5  Search this
Extent:
1 Item ((36 p.) (on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1978 /
Biographical / Historical:
Lois K. Gordon was art history student at Lone Mountain College at the time she wrote the Henry Alexander paper. Henry Alexander was a genre painter who worked in San Francisco and in New York City, after 1887. According to obituaries, he committed suicide there on May 15, 1894. The San Francisco earthquake of 1906 destroyed most of his records and paintings.
Provenance:
Donated 1982 by Lois K. Gordon.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Genre painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.gordlois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw91780d0b0-bde9-4bca-a17b-620addc2a90a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gordlois

Walter Heil papers

Creator:
Heil, Walter, 1890-1973  Search this
M.H. de Young Memorial Museum  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
United States -- Social conditions -- California -- San Francisco
Date:
1929-1973
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, writings, notes, photographs, and personal calendars.
UNMICROFILMED: Correspondence; photographs; engagement calendars; printed and manuscript material; catalogues; business material.
Reel NDA 3: Two notebooks containing names and addresses of San Francisco and Bay area artists interested in being employed on the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP); payroll data; artists submitting work ideas; reports of artists; record of sketches and paintings submitted by Bay area artists, Dec. 1933-Jan. 1934; report of the Regional Committee of PWAP (Region 15)--Northern California discussing the work executed for the Project in Northern California, Nevada, Utah, and Hawaii; and miscellaneous correspondence.
Biographical / Historical:
Director of the M.H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco, Calif., 1933-196 and the Region 15--Northern California, Nevada, and Utah--director of the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP).
Provenance:
Mrs. Leyland Stevens, daughter of Walter Weil, donated the papers in 1974. In 1983, 2 engagement calendars and 5 items of correspondence were found at the M.H. De Young Museum and turned over to the Archives. In 1964, Lewis Ferbrache loaned some material for microfilming on reel NDA 3; originals were returned to Lewis Ferbrache after microfilming.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Museum directors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939 -- California  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.heilwalt
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw999ad5cea-6531-42dc-aaf1-46b375caa3b9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-heilwalt

Lynda Roscoe Hartigan research material on Perkins Harnly

Creator:
Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe  Search this
Names:
Index of American Design  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.) -- Exhibitions  Search this
Harnly, Perkins, 1901-1986  Search this
Extent:
200 Items ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Date:
1979-1984
Scope and Contents:
In his correspondence with Hartigan (1979-1984), Harnly discusses Cornell, the Levy Gallery, the Index of American Design, his own career, and other artists such as Howard Taft Lorenz. Hartigan's correspondence concerning the exhibition includes letters from Harnly's friend Henry Warshaw. Hartigan's research materials on Harnly include her typed interview questions with Harnly's written responses, newspaper and magazine articles, exhibition catalogs and announcements, copies of the Index of American Design data sheets for Harnly's watercolors, an exhibition history and chronology, Harnly's undated autobiographical notes, two photographs of Harnly, and photographs of works of art by Harnly not included in the NMAA exhibition.
Biographical / Historical:
Lynda Hartigan is an art historian and museum curator; Washington, D.C. Perkins Harnly is best known for his imaginative watercolor renderings of Victorian interiors for the Index of American Design. Harnly grew up in Nebraska. From childhood he was fascinated by the decorative and popular arts, especially by late Victorian design and domestic architecture. Through travel and self-education, he broadened his knowledge of design and developed his skill as a watercolorist. The Index of American Design commissioned him to compose watercolor renderings of American interiors decorated and furnished in the Victorian style. After the dissolution of the Federal Project in 1943, he worked as a sketch artist for the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio in Hollywood.
Provenance:
Collected by Lynda Hartigan for the exhibition PERKINS HARNLY: FROM THE INDEX OF AMERICAN DESIGN, which she co-curated with Virginia Mecklenberg, at the National Museum of American Art (1981-1982). Hartigan initially became interested in Harnly because he had exhibited in a three-man show at the Julien Levy Gallery with Joseph Cornell in the early 1930s. After some searching, she found Harnly living in a hotel in Culver City, California, and began a detailed correspondence with him.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Museum curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Watercolorists -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Interior decoration  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.hartlynd
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c9e905e6-040c-43d4-b848-db4cba3dca14
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hartlynd

David Novros papers

Creator:
Novros, David, 1941-  Search this
Names:
Bui, Phong, 1964-  Search this
Colpitt, Frances  Search this
Graham, Robert, 1938-  Search this
Hope, Charles  Search this
Humblet, Claudine, 1946-  Search this
Judd, Donald, 1928-  Search this
McEwen, Rory, 1932-  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Price, Kenneth, 1935-2012  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Poems
Transcripts
Interviews
Illustrated letters
Diaries
Date:
1963-2008
Summary:
The papers of abstract painter David Novros are dated 1963 to 2008, and measure 1.0 linear foot. Correspondence, records relating to the Liaunig Boat House commission (Middleburgh, NY), interview transcripts, printed material, and photographs document the painter's professional career.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of abstract painter David Novros are dated 1963 to 2008, and measure 1.0 linear foot. Correspondence, records relating to the Liaunig Boat House commission (Middleburgh, NY), interview transcripts, printed material, and photographs document the painter's professional career.

The vast majority of correspondence consists of incoming letters. The only reciprocal exchanges preserved are with art historian Charles Hope and the Menil Collection. Letters are from artists Rory McEwen, Paul Mogensen, and Ken Price; writers Frances Colpitt and Claudine Humblet; and from other colleagues and friends. The letters David Novros wrote to his family between 1963 and 1979 recount his travels and describe in some detail - many with accompanying illustrations and diagrams - work in progress, exhibitions, and commissions. Also preserved are copies of his letters to the Trustees of the Donald Judd Estate and Ranier Judd concerning the Marfa, Texas properties and projects, his Spring Street studio in New York City, and the Judd Foundation. Novros's letters to editors concern art-related articles that appeared in The New York Review of Books, The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, and other publications.

Peter Liaunig's commission for a boat house with three fresco paintings in Middleburgh, New York, is documented by correspondence, plans, and designs. The "Boat House Diary, Middleburgh, NY," kept by Novros August 10-15, 2003, describes the process of painting the frescoes with the assistance of Jason, and notes materials and techniques used.

Interview transcripts are of Phong Bui's conversation with David Novros, published June 2008 in The Brooklyn Rail, and an unpublished interview Novros conducted with sculptor Robert Graham in 2008.

Printed material about or mentioning David Novros consists of articles and reviews, exhibition announcements and posters. Items written by Novros are a review of Jackson Pollock and two poems.

Photographs are of David Novros with his family and friends. There are also views of the Novros family's home in Van Nuys, California, and Indian-painted rocks at Sears Point, Arizona that influenced Novros' art.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Correspondence, 1963-2008 (Boxes 1-2; 0.4 linear ft.)

Series 2: Liaunig Boat House, 1998-2004 (Box 2, OV3; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 3: Interview Transcripts, 2008 (Box 2; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1966-2008 (Box 2, OV 4; 0.2 linear ft.)

Series 5: Photographs, 1976-1999 (Box 2; 0.1 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
David Novros (1941-) is an abstract painter in New York, NY.

Abstract painter David Novros was born in Los Angeles in 1941 and lived with his family in Van Nuys, California. His father, Lester Novros, was an artist whose interest in movement eventually led him to the Walt Disney Company, where he worked on animation projects. In 1941 he established his own production company, Graphic Films, and began teaching in the Cinema Department of the University of Southern California. Both David and his brother Paul were enamored with film; David turned to painting, but Paul followed in their father's line of work and became an award-winning film producer.

David entered the University of Southern California and studied painting with James Jervaisee. He made a few student films and sometimes worked with his father, but before long he turned to painting. During the summer of 1961, Novros attended courses at Yale and met Chuck Close, Brice Marden, and Vija Celmins.

After earning a B.F.A. in 1963, Novros completed his Army Reserve obligations and travelled in Europe. He moved to New York City in 1964 and met many Minimalist artists. Over the next several years, Novros's rectangular paintings gave way to multi-panel paintings and then to shaped panels. From the late 1960s through the 1970s, Novros developed a reputation as a geometric abstractionist. He showed at Park Place Gallery and had a solo exhibition at Virginia Dwan Gallery (Los Angeles) in 1966; the next year, his work was again presented at Park Place Gallery and at the Virginia Dwan Gallery (New York). Several solo exhibitions followed at Klaus Kertess's influential Bykert Gallery, as well as at other venues.

Novros participated in important exhibitions of abstraction, among them "Systemic Painting" (Guggenheim Museum, 1966), "Color and Structure" (Whitney Museum of American Art, 1971), and "Abstract-Geometry-Painting: Selected Geometric Abstract Painting in America since 1945" (Albright-Knox Gallery, 1989). In 1970, he was awarded a Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship.

In the 1970s, Novros turned to fresco painting, and his eventual decision to focus on murals effectively removed him from the commercial gallery scene. One of his earliest commissions was a fresco painted in 1970 for the second floor of Donald Judd's studio/home. Other commissions include: Solar Triptych, a radial triptych that opens and closes throughout the day, for the lobby of Union Station, Newark, NJ (1984); a fresco in the Old Court House, Miami (1984); a painted-glass and copper fresco in the Gross Building, Winslow, Arizona (1994-1996); and the Liaunig Boat House with fresco paintings, Middleburgh, NY (1996-2003). A number of museums in the United States and Europe include Novros's work in their permanent collections, among them: Menil Collection, Museum of Modern Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, Museum Liaunig (Austria), and Daimler contemporary (Berlin).

Mr. Novros lives and works in New York City.
Related Material:
An oral history interview with David Novros was conducted by Michael Brennan for the Archives of American Art in 2008.
Provenance:
Gift of David Novros, 2009
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Genre/Form:
Poems
Transcripts
Interviews
Illustrated letters
Diaries
Citation:
David Novros papers, 1963-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.novrdavi
See more items in:
David Novros papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97500999c-12e4-49d2-9d4e-a6790aeba4d0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-novrdavi
Online Media:

John F. Turner research material on Howard Finster

Creator:
Turner, John F.  Search this
Names:
Arient, Beth, 1946-  Search this
Arient, James, 1946-  Search this
Camp, Jeffrey Thomas, 1944-  Search this
Dickinson, Eleanor, 1931-  Search this
Esman, Rosa  Search this
Finster, Beverly  Search this
Finster, Howard, 1916-2001  Search this
Finster, Pauline  Search this
Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-  Search this
Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe  Search this
Hemphill, Herbert Waide  Search this
Jabbour, Alan  Search this
Kind, Phyllis, 1933-2018  Search this
Kirwin, Liza  Search this
Lancaster, Clay  Search this
Nasisse, Andy S., 1946-  Search this
Nutt, Jim, 1938-  Search this
Volkersz, Willem  Search this
Extent:
6.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sound recordings
Photographs
Transcriptions
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1928-2015
bulk 1978-1990
Summary:
The John F. Turner collection of research material on visionary self-taught artist Howard Finster measures 6.9 linear feet and dates from circa 1928 to 2015, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1978 to 1990. John Turner is a California-based curator who compiled this collection in preparation for his book Howard Finster: Man of Visions (1989). Found within the collection are correspondence; numerous interviews with Finster and Finster family members, curators and historians, collectors, and artists; draft manuscripts and research notes; compiled research files on other topics; printed materials and commercial broadcast video recordings; and photographic material, including polaroids annotated by Finster. There is also one series of Howard Finster's papers that include writings by Finster, sound and video recordings of Finster exhibitions and talks by Finster related to those exhibitions, recordings of other speaking engagements, sermons, and other events, a scattering of personal business records that includes a ledger and price list of artwork, and artwork.
Scope and Contents:
The John F. Turner collection of research material on visionary self-taught artist Howard Finster measures 6.9 linear feet and dates from circa 1928 to 2015, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1978 to 1990. John Turner is a California-based curator who compiled this collection in preparation for his book Howard Finster: Man of Visions (1989). Found within the collection are correspondence; numerous interviews with Finster and Finster family members, curators and historians, collectors, and artists; draft manuscripts and research notes; compiled research files on other topics; printed materials and commercial broadcast video recordings; and photographic material, including polaroids annotated by Finster. There is also one series of Howard Finster's papers that include writings by Finster, sound and video recordings of Finster exhibitions and talks by Finster related to those exhibitions, recordings of other speaking engagements, sermons, and other events, a scattering of personal business records that includes a ledger and price list of artwork, and artwork.

Correspondence mostly consists of letters to John Turner from Howard Finster and Finster family members, folklorist Alan Jabbour, Clay Lancaster, Andy Nasisse, and others. There are also letters to Howard Finster from miscellaneous correspondents.

Numerous interviews with and about Howard Finster are found on 47 sound cassettes, and one partial transcript. In addition to interviews conducted by Turner, there are interviews with Finster conducted by Liza Kirwin and Willem Volkerz. Most of the interviews are with others about Finster, including family members, collectors, curators and art historians, and other artists. Interviewees include Jim and Beth Arient, Jeffrey Camp, Eleanor Dickinson, Rosa Esman, Beverly and Pauline Finster, Allen Ginsberg, Lynda Hartigan, Herbert Waide Hemphill, Alan Jabbour, Phyllis Kind, Jim Nutt, and others.

Writings consist of Turner's research notebooks and a typescript draft for his book Howard Finster: Man of Visions. There are some curator's statements and loose notes possibly written by others. Research files include printed material compiled by John Turner on various artists and subjects not directly related to Finster, except for bibliographies.

Papers and other materials created by Howard Finster are arranged into one separate series. These include writings; exhibition files, including video and sound recordings; personal business records; artwork, including album covers and posters; and sound recordings of Finster's public and private talks, sermons, and events. Many of the sound recordings were recorded by Finster himself.

Printed material consists of newspaper and magazine clippings about Howard Finster, exhibition catalogs, announcements, magazines, and art periodicals. There are also 2 videocassettes of commercially released television appearances and music videos.

Photographic material includes photographs, slides, negatives, and transparencies of Howard Finster and his artwork. There are images of Finster and his family, artwork, exhibitions, openings, and events. Some of the images are annotated by Finster.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Missing Title

Series 1: Correspondence, 1967-2005 (0.3 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Interviews, 1977-circa 1989 (1.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1980-circa 1989 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)

Series 4: Research Files, circa 1971-2015 (0.5 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 5: Howard Finster Files and Sound and Video Recordings, circa 1970-2001 (1.6 linear feet; Boxes 3-5, OV 9, 11)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1975-2010 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 5-6, OV 10)

Series 7: Photographic Material, circa 1928-circa 2000 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 6-8)
Biographical / Historical:
John F. Turner is a writer and curator who lives in California. Turner has written books on photography and folk art and is an adjunct curator at the San Francisco Craft and Folk Art Museum. He has also worked for NBC news and documented the lives of folk artists for many years.

Turner befriended visionary, self-taught artist and Baptist minister Howard Finster sometime in the late 1970s. The research material in this collection was compiled over a decade for Turner's book Howard Finster: Man of Vision (Alfred A. Knopf, 1989).
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also has the Barbara Shissler Nosanow materials relating to Howard Finster, circa 1981; an oral history interview with Howard Finster conducted on June 11, 1984 by Liza Kirwin; and an interview with Howard Finster conducted by James Arient and Howard Finster's own sound recordings of himself from 1981-1982.
Provenance:
The John F. Turner research material on Howard Finster was donated by John F. Turner in 1987 and 2016.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival visual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
U-matic videocassette recording Howard Finster exhibition opening: Authorization to quote or reproduce for the purposes of publication requires written permission from John Turner. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Folk artists -- California  Search this
Painters -- Georgia  Search this
Museum curators -- California  Search this
Topic:
Authors -- California  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Self-taught artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Photographs
Transcriptions
Video recordings
Citation:
John F. Turner research material on Howard Finster, circa 1928-2015, bulk dates 1978-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.turnjohn
See more items in:
John F. Turner research material on Howard Finster
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9369b50b3-a26c-4e8d-bf75-e17a90f122ce
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-turnjohn

ArtTable, Inc. records

Creator:
ArtTable, Inc.  Search this
Names:
Artwire  Search this
Albers, Patricia  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Tuchman, Phyllis  Search this
Weiss, Dorothy, 1921-  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
90.41 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1979-2013
Summary:
The records of non-profit organization ArtTable, Inc., measure 1.4 linear feet and 90.41 GB and date from 1979-2013. The collection includes administrative documents, correspondence, and printed material, as well as audiovisual and born-digital recordings and transcripts of interviews conducted by the organization as part of an oral history project on women in the art world.
Scope and Contents:
The records of non-profit organization ArtTable, Inc., measure 1.4 linear feet and 90.41 GB and date from 1979-2013. The collection includes administrative documents, correspondence, and printed material, as well as audiovisual and born-digital recordings and transcripts of interviews conducted by the organization as part of an oral history project on women in the art world.

Administrative records consist of board and committee meeting minutes; mailings to members that include newsletters, event schedules, and subscription slips; membership lists; ArtTable, Inc.'s biannual publication Artwire; and some miscellaneous clippings.

The interview portion of the collection consists of audiovisual material and transcripts, some in digital format, of interviews with gallery owners, art historians, art critics, and curators that were conducted for ArtTable's oral history project from 2000 to 2013. Interviewees include Patricia Albers, Lucy Lippard, Phyllis Tuchman, Dorothy Weiss and others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as two series.

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1980-1994 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Oral History Interviews, 1979, 1999-2013 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 90.41 GB; ER01-ER28)
Biographical / Historical:
ArtTable, Inc. is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing the business, financial, administrative, and scholastic leadership of women in the visual arts. Members include curators, museum administrators, art historians, and gallery owners. Founded in San Francisco, California in 1980, ArtTable, Inc. now has chapters throughout the United States.
Provenance:
The records were donated in multiple installments by ArtTable, Inc. from 1994-2014.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing born-digital and audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.

.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women art dealers  Search this
Women art critics  Search this
Function:
Arts organizations
Nonprofit organizations
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
ArtTable, Inc. records, 1979-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.arttabl
See more items in:
ArtTable, Inc. records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a002f09d-5794-4898-bc70-fba8a0465edb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-arttabl

Adelyne Dohme Breeskin papers

Creator:
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
Names:
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Cassatt, Mary, 1844-1926  Search this
MacIver, Loren, 1909-  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Date:
circa 1934-1986
Summary:
The papers of Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington D.C. art historian and museum curator Adelyn Dohme Breeskin, measure 2.5 linear feet and date from circa 1934-1986. The papers provide scattered documentation of Breeskin's career, focusing on writings and lectures delivered in the United States and abroad, and briefly documenting her work as an art exhibition juror, as a consultant, and as a teacher of a community art course. The collection also includes papers documenting some of Breeskin's research on Loren MacIver, Mary Cassatt, and others, and is comprised of biographical material, personal and professional correspondence with artists, friends, and colleagues, manuscript and lecture notes and drafts, professional files, sound recordings, and a few photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington D.C. art historian and museum curator Adelyn Dohme Breeskin, measure 2.5 linear feet and date from circa 1934-1986. The papers provide scattered documentation of Breeskin's career, focusing on writings and lectures delivered in the United States and abroad, and briefly documenting her work as an art exhibition juror, as a consultant, and as a teacher of a community art course. The collection also includes papers documenting some of Breeskin's research on Loren MacIver, Mary Cassatt, and others, and is comprised of biographical material, personal and professional correspondence with artists, friends, and colleagues, manuscript and lecture notes and drafts, professional files, sound recordings, and a few photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as four series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1938-1986 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1, OVs 4-6)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1940-1970 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings and Lectures, circa 1934-1981 (1 linear foot; Boxes 1-2)

Series 4: Professional Files, 1945-1984 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Adelyn Dohme Breeskin (1896-1986) was an art historian and museum curator in Baltimore, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. She was the first woman to be named director of a major American museum, the Baltimore Museum of Art.

Adelyn Dohme took her first museum job in the print department of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where she worked with Kathryn B. Child under the supervision of William Mills Ivins. She left the museum in 1920 to marry violinist Elias Breeskin, and the couple had three children before divorcing in 1930.

Following her divorce, Breeskin returned to her native Baltimore and took a position as a curator with the Baltimore Museum of Art. In 1942 she was appointed director of the museum and remained in that position until 1962. As director she gave Milton Avery and Mary Cassatt's graphics their first museum shows.

Breeskin served as commissioner for the American contingent of the Venice Biennale in 1960 and was director of the Washington Gallery of Modern Art from 1962-1964. She then became a special consultant in twentieth-century art for the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Art and served as the museum's curator of contemporary painting and sculpture from 1968 to 1974.

Breeskin authored two catalogue raisonnés of Mary Cassatt's work, and conducted extensive research for a monograph on Loren MacIver, although the monograph was ultimately not published. In 1985 Breeskin received the Smithsonian Institutions highest award, the Gold Medal for Exceptional Service, and at the time of her death in 1986, was senior curatorial adviser.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds oral history interviews with Adelyn Breeskin conducted by Paul Cummings in 1974, and Julie Haifley in 1979.
Provenance:
Portions of the collection were donated to the Archives of American Art in a series of gifts from Adelyn Breeskin, 1979-1985. Material relating to Loren MacIver was donated 1979-1987 by Breeskin and Robert Frash, who had possession of Breeskin's research materials on MacIver for an exhibition on MacIver he curated in California. Letters from Georgia O'Keeffe, Stanton Macdonald-Wright, and Lawrence Calcagno, an exhibition catalog for Calcagno, and the file on Milton Avery, were donated by the National Museum of American Art on January 28, 1981. The birthday book was a gift from Breeskin's daughter, Gloria Breeskin Peck, in 2015. The sound recordings were transferred from the National Museum of American Art, circa 1984.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art museum curators -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Art historians -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Art museum directors -- Maryland -- Baltimore  Search this
Topic:
Women art historians  Search this
Women museum curators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Adelyn Dohme Breeskin papers, circa 1934-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.breeadel
See more items in:
Adelyne Dohme Breeskin papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98710b071-3f06-4f02-a54b-d26d215a0ed4
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-breeadel

Woman's Building records

Creator:
Woman's Building (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Names:
Feminist Studio Workshop  Search this
Women's Graphic Center (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Chicago, Judy, 1939-  Search this
De Bretteville, Sheila Levrant  Search this
Raven, Arlene  Search this
Extent:
33.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Artists' books
Date:
1970-1992
Summary:
The records of the Woman's Building feminist arts organization in Los Angeles measure 33.5 linear feet and date from 1970-1992. Originally founded by artist Judy Chicago, graphic designer Sheila Levant de Bretteville, and art historian Arlene Raven in 1973, the Woman's Building served as an education center and public gallery space for women artists in southern California. The records document both the educational and exhibition activities and consist of administrative records, financial and legal records, publications, curriculum files, exhibition files, grant funding records and artist's works of arts and prints. A significant portion of the collection documents the Women's Graphic Center, a typesetting, design, and printing service operated by The Woman's Building.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Woman's Building measure 33.5 linear feet and date from 1970 to 1992. The organization played a key role as an alternative space for women artists energized by the feminist movement in the 1970s. The records document the ways in which feminist theory shaped the Building's founding core mission and goals. During its eighteen year history, the Building served as an education center and a public gallery space for women artists in Los Angeles and southern California; the records reflect both functions of the Building's activities.

The Administrative Files series documents the daily operations of the Building, with particular emphasis on management policies, budget planning, history, cooperative relationships with outside art organizations and galleries, special building-wide programs, and relocation planning. Included in this series are the complete minutes from most Building committees from 1974 through closing, including the Board of Directors and the Advisory Council. The General Publicity and Outreach series is particularly complete, containing publicity notices from most events, exhibits, and programs held at the Woman's Building, including brochures, announcements, programs, invitations, press releases, newspaper clippings, and magazine articles.

The Woman's Building's educational programs centered on courses offered by the Feminist Studio Workshop and the Extension Program. While the Workshop provided a two-year program for women interested in fully developing their artistic talent, the Extension Program offered a broad range of classes, specifically oriented to working women interested in art and art vocations. The records fully document both programs, focusing on the course development and descriptions, teacher contracts, class evaluations, budget planning, and scholarship programs. Although the Archives does not have the entire slide library, there are files concerning the establishment and administration of the library, as well as a few folders of slides.

The Gallery Programs series houses the records of the visual, performing, literary and video arts events held at the Woman's Building. Administrative files detail the daily operation of the gallery spaces. The files in the remaining subseries are primarily arranged by event and contain proposals, announcements, publicity, and artist biographies.

The Women's Graphic Center became a profit-making arm of the Woman's Building in 1981 but the typesetting and design equipment had been used by staff and students since 1975. The records in this series focus on the work produced at the Center, including general projects and artist designs and art prints. Many of the design and printing examples were produced for Woman's Building events and programs.

The Artist's Works of Art series includes artist books, resumes, correspondence, postcards, and samples of art in the form of sketches, drawings, and prints. There is also material related to Woman's Building projects. Especially noteworthy is the "What is Feminist Art?" project where artists gave their responses in various formats and mediums from text to pieces of artwork.

The Printed Materials series contains feminist and art publications not produced by or for the Woman's Building.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series.

Series 1: Administrative Files, circa 1970-1991 (Box 1-9, 32; 9 linear feet)

Series 2: Educational Programs, 1971-1991 (Box 10-14; 4.9 linear feet)

Series 3: Gallery Programs, 1973-1991 (Box 14-20, OV 54; 5.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Women's Graphic Center, circa 1976-1989 (Box 20-23, 32, OV 33-50; 5.6 linear feet)

Series 5: Artists' Works of Art, circa 1972-1990 (Box 24-25, OV 51-53; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 6: Grants, 1974-1992 (Box 25-30; 5.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Material (Not Woman's Building), 1970-1983 (Box 30-31; 1.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
In 1973, artist Judy Chicago, graphic designer Sheila Levant de Bretteville, and art historian Arlene Raven founded the Feminist Studio Workshop (FSW), one of the first independent schools for women artists. The founders established the workshop as a non-profit alternative education center committed to developing art based on women's experiences. The FSW focused not only on the development of art skills, but also on the development of women's experiences and the incorporation of those experiences into their artwork. Central to this vision was the idea that art should not be separated from other activities related to the developing women's movement. In November of 1973 the founders rented workshop space in a vacated building in downtown Los Angeles and called it The Woman's Building, taking the name from the structure created for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The FSW shared space with other organizations and enterprises including several performance groups, Womanspace Gallery, Sisterhood Bookstore, the National Organization of Women, and the Women's Liberation Union.

When the building they were renting was sold in 1975, the FSW and a few other tenants moved to a three-story brick structure, originally designed to be the administrative offices of the Standard Oil Company in the 1920s. In the 1940s, it had been converted into a warehouse and consisted of three floors of open space, conducive to publically available extension classes and exhibitions offered by the Woman's Building staff and students. By 1977, the majority of the outside tenants had left the Woman's Building, primarily because they were unable to sustain business in the new location. The new building was more expensive to maintain and the FSW staff decided to hire an administrator and to create a board structure to assume the financial, legal, and administrative responsibility for the Building. The funds to operate came from FSW tuition, memberships, fund-raising events, and grant monies.

In 1981, the Feminist Studio Workshop closed, as the demand for alternative education diminished. The education programs of the Building were restructured to better accommodate the needs of working women. The Woman's Building also began to generate its own artistic programming with outside artists, including visual arts exhibits, performance art, readings, and video productions. That same year, the Woman's Building founded the Women's Graphic Center Typesetting and Design, a profit-making enterprises designed to strengthen its financial base. Income generated from the phototypesetting, design, production, and printing services was used to support the educational and art making activities of the Building.

When the graphics business closed in 1988, the Woman's Building suffered a financial crisis from which it never fully recovered. The Building closed its gallery and performance space in 1991.
Related Material:
Among the other resources relating to the Woman's Building in the Archives of American Art is an oral history with Suzanne Lacy on March 16, 1990, March 24, 1990, and September 24, 1990. While not credited as a founding member, Lacy was among the first group of staff of the Woman's Building which she discusses in her interview.

The Getty Research Institute also holds a large collection on the Woman's Building which includes a wide range of material relating to its exhibitions, activities, and projects.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art donated 5 boxes of video tape from the collection to the Long Beach Museum of Art, Video Annex in 1994. According to documentation, this was the desire of Sandra Golvin and the Board of Directors of the Woman's Building.
Provenance:
The Woman's Building records were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1991 by Sandra Golvin, President of the Board of Directors. An small addition of a set of "Cross Pollination" posters was donated in 2019 by by ONE Archives at University of Southern California Libraries via Loni Shibuyama, Archives Librarian.
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Feminism and art  Search this
Function:
Nonprofit organizations -- California
Arts organizations -- California
Genre/Form:
Slides
Artists' books
Citation:
Woman's Building records, 1970-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.womabuil
See more items in:
Woman's Building records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw938796dfe-5dbf-49e9-96e7-5a8745391f13
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-womabuil
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Online Media:

"Artists Who are Mothers,"

Collection Creator:
Woman's Building (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1988-1989
Collection Citation:
Woman's Building records, 1970-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Woman's Building records
Woman's Building records / Series 2: Education Programs / 2.1: Administrative Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e87222a0-d75f-43d8-aa23-530380195772
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-womabuil-ref440
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