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Torpedo Factory Art Center records, 1974-1996

Creator:
Torpedo Factory Art Center  Search this
Subject:
Torpedo Factory Art Center. Friends  Search this
Torpedo Factory Artists' Association  Search this
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- Virginia -- Alexandria  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Virginia  Search this
Art centers -- Virginia -- Alexandria  Search this
Artists -- Virginia  Search this
Artists' studios -- Virginia -- Alexandria  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6168
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216402
AAA_collcode_torpfaca
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216402
Online Media:

Torpedo Factory Art Center records

Creator:
Torpedo Factory Art Center  Search this
Names:
Torpedo Factory Art Center. Friends  Search this
Torpedo Factory Artists' Association  Search this
Extent:
4.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1974-1996
Summary:
The records of the Torpedo Factory Art Center measure 4.7 linear feet and date from 1974-1996. The collection documents the history, operations, and activities of one of the largest and longest-running artist collaboratives in the United States and includes organizational records, correspondence, business and financial records, lists and directories, reports, event files, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents note:
The Torpedo Factory Art Center records span the years 1974 to 1996, and measure 4.7 linear feet. They consist of organizational records, correspondence, an organization file for Friends of the Torpedo Factory Art Center, business and financial records, lists and directories, reports, event files, printed material, and photographs which document the history, operations, and activities of one of the largest and longest-running artist collaboratives in the United States.

The Organizational Records Series describes the origins and operation policy of the Art Center through brief histories and copies of the constitution and by-laws. It includes minutes of meetings and ballots from elections of area representatives.

The Correspondence Series includes both external and internal memoranda and letters. These communications primarily discuss gallery business and operations of the Art Center and its interaction with the community. Additional correspondence is found in the Organization File for the Friends of the Torpedo Factory Art Center Series and the Event Files Series.

The Organization File for the Friends of the Torpedo Factory Art Center Series contains by-laws, correspondence, and newsletters which illustrate this entity's important role in fund-raising and out-reach teaching programs.

The Business and Financial Records Series contains leasing policy statements, tax records, insurance records, general budget information, payroll ledgers, rent records, dues assessments, information desk accounts, publicity receipts, and miscellaneous receipts which document the varied legal and fiscal procedures required in the operation of a large artist collaborative.

The Notes Series contains lists of artists' names, artist directories, minutes of meetings, ballots from elections of area representatives, responses to various questionnaires and surveys, and miscellaneous notes which support other series with more detailed information.

The Reports Series contains reports which describe the Art Center's interaction with the surrounding community.

The Event Files Series contains correspondence, receipts, notes, and printed material concerning the planning and execution of a wide range of special events from the large annual fund-raising Mardi Gras Costume Ball to the "Art in the Vineyards" competition held between the Art Center's artists.

The Printed Material Series contains clippings, newsletters from both the Art Center and other arts organizations, exhibition announcements and brochures.

The Photographs Series consists of photographs of the Torpedo Factory Art Center, miscellaneous artists, events, and art works.
Arrangement note:
The Torpedo Factory Art Center records are arranged as nine series, based on type of document. Each series has been arranged chronologically.

Series 1: Organizational Records, 1974-1995 (box 1, 0.9 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1974-1995 (boxes 1-2, 1.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Organization File for Friends of the Torpedo Factory Art Center, 1980-1992 (box 3, 8 folders)

Series 4: Business and Financial Records, 1974-1995 (boxes 3-4, 1.3 linear ft.)

Series 5: Lists and Directories, 1975-1996 (box 4, 8 folders)

Series 6: Reports, 1986-1994 (box 4, 5 folders)

Series 7: Event Files, 1979-1995 (box 4, 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1975-1995 (box 5, 24 folders)

Series 9: Photographs, 1983-1989 (box 5, 10 folders)
Biographical/Historical note:
Construction of the original U.S. Naval Torpedo Station on the Potomac River, in Alexandria, Virginia, began on November 12, 1918. This station was responsible for the manufacture and maintenance of torpedoes for the next five years, when work stopped and the building served as a munitions storage facility until World War II. At this time, round-the-clock production of both submarine-borne and airborne torpedoes resumed, and ten buildings were added to the complex to accommodate the increased activity.

Torpedo production halted in 1945, and eventually the buildings were used for storage by various federal agencies, including Congress and the Smithsonian Institution. In 1969, the City of Alexandria bought the complex of buildings, but an acceptable plan for their use was not found for several years.

Marian Van Landingham, a delegate for the State of Virginia, President of the Alexandria-based Art League, and Projects and Programs Director of the Alexandria Bicentennial Commission, proposed a project to renovate two of the buildings into working studio spaces for artists. Her proposal was endorsed by the Commission in December 1973, and renovations began in May 1974. Artists worked to remove 40 truckloads of debris from the buildings and, after City crews constructed partial studio walls, they painted the interior. The Torpedo Factory Art Center opened to the public in September, 1974. The new complex of artists' studios was filled from a list of juried artists, and Marian Van Landingham became the first Director of the Art Center.

By 1983, the building needed major repairs and improvements. As part of a federal program sale/lease-back agreement, the building was sold to Alexandria Art Center Associates (AACA), leased back from AACA by the City, and subleased to the Torpedo Factory Artists' Association. As part of the sale agreement, the City had a one time repurchase option to be exercised in 1998. On September 1, 1998 the Artists' Association took over all management of the building, and the City now acts as landlord.

In 1998, the Torpedo Factory Art Center boasted of more than eight hundred thousand visitors annually, with eighty-three studios, five cooperative galleries, an art school, and an archaeology laboratory and museum. The artists form the Torpedo Factory Artists Association. The center is also supported by the Friends of the Torpedo Factory.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in 1998 by Penelope C. Barringer for the Torpedo Factory Artists' Association.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Torpedo Factory Art Center records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- Virginia -- Alexandria  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Virginia  Search this
Art centers -- Virginia -- Alexandria  Search this
Artists -- Virginia  Search this
Artists' studios -- Virginia -- Alexandria  Search this
Citation:
Torpedo Factory Art Center records, 1974-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.torpfaca
See more items in:
Torpedo Factory Art Center records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-torpfaca

Robert Franklin Gates papers

Creator:
Gates, Robert Franklin, 1906-1982  Search this
Names:
American University (Washington, D.C.). Fine Arts Dept. -- Faculty  Search this
Jack Rasmussen Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Taylor, Prentiss, 1907-1991  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Christmas cards
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1910-1988
bulk 1928-1988
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. area painter and art instructor Robert Franklin Gates date from 1910-1988, bulk 1928-1988, and measure 2.3 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; letters from government agencies, museums, galleries, and colleagues; business records primarily concerning transactions with the Jack Rasmussen Gallery; artwork including scattered drawings by Gates and block prints by Joe Goethe and D. Neufeld; two scrapbooks; printed materials; and photographs of Gates, family members, models, artwork, and exhibition installations. There are also photograph albums and miscellaneous photographs documenting a 1936 voyage to the Virgin Islands commissioned by the U.S. Treasury Department.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Washington, D.C. area painter and art instructor Robert Franklin Gates date from 1910-1988, bulk 1928-1988, and measure 2.3 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; letters from government agencies, museums, galleries, and colleagues; business records primarily concerning transactions with the Jack Rasmussen Gallery; artwork including scattered drawings by Gates and block prints by Joe Goethe and D. Neufeld; two scrapbooks; printed materials; and photographs of Gates, family members, models, artwork, and exhibition installations. There are also photograph albums and miscellaneous photographs documenting a 1936 voyage to the Virgin Islands commissioned by the U.S. Treasury Department.

Biographical material includes resumes, biographical accounts, award certificates, records for employment through a State Department Specialists Grant, address lists, teaching notes, writings about Gates, and a guest book signed by colleagues celebrating Gates' forty years at American University. There is a also a group of Navy Department records documenting Gates' employment designing three-dimensional photo-surfaced topography models for use by troops during World War II.

Letters are primarily from the U.S. Treasury Department and the Federal Works Agency discussing commissions, including the painting of post office murals in Maryland and West Virginia, and from various museums and galleries discussing exhibitions and other art-related activities. There are one or two letters each from colleagues Alice Acheson, Adelyn Breeskin, Charles Burchfield, Alida Conover, John Gernand, Duncan Phillips, Henry Varnum Poor, and Prentiss Taylor. Some letters are Christmas cards decorated with original block prints.

Business records primarily document Gates' interaction with the Jack Rasmussen Gallery in Washington, D.C., but also include miscellaneous sales records and pay stubs from American University.

Artwork consists of scattered drawings of modern houses by Gates and abstract sketches by others, and small block prints by Joe Goethe and D. Neufeld. Two Scrapbooks contain clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and scattered letters.

Additional printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs for Gates and others, prospectuses for art exhibitions, press releases, calendars of events, booklets about color and lenses, brochures for art schools and books, and an unannotated calendar containing a reproduction of one of Gates' paintings.

Photographs are of Robert Gates, various family members including Gates with his first wife photographed by Prentiss Taylor, models, artwork, and exhibition installations. There are two photograph albums and unbound photographs documenting a 1936 voyage to the Virgin Islands commissioned by the U.S. Treasury Department. Images of this trip are of Gates and colleagues including Mitchell Jamieson, the ship Doris Hamlin, the crew, markets, a cock fight, miscellaneous buildings, town squares, and the countryside of the Virgin Islands.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series. Each series is arranged chronologically:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1928-1975 (Box 1, OV 4; 34 folders)

Series 2: Letters, 1930-1988 (Box 1; 25 folders)

Series 3: Business Records, 1961-1982 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 4: Artwork, circa 1962 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 5: Scrapbooks, 1932-1939 (Box 1-2; 4 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1916-1988 (Box 2; 48 folders)

Series 7: Photographs, 1910-1982 (Boxes 2-3, OV 4; 20 folders)
Biographical Note:
Robert Franklin Gates was born on October 6, 1906 in Detroit, Michigan. He studied at the Detroit School of Arts and Crafts, and from 1929 to 1930 attended the Art Students' League in New York. Between 1930 and 1932, Gates studied under C. Law Watkins at the Phillips Gallery Art School in Washington, D.C., later becoming an instructor in life drawing and painting there. During this time, he met fellow student Margaret Casey, and they married on January 7, 1933. Between 1934 and 1938, Robert Gates was an art instructor at the Studio House in Washington, D.C.

In 1934, Gates received a commission from the U.S. Treasury Department Section of Fine Arts to create a series of watercolors of Charles Gardens, South Carolina, and from 1929-1940, murals for post offices in Bethesda, Maryland, Oakland, Maryland, and Lewisburg, West Virginia. In 1936, the Treasury Department also commissioned Gates and fellow artists Mitchell Jamieson and Prentiss Taylor to create series of watercolors of the Virgin Islands, arranging for several voyages there.

Between 1937 and 1942, Gates was a guest instructor at the University of Florida, taught art classes at Hood College in Frederick, Maryland and at the Washington County Museum of Art in Hagerstown, Maryland. He also taught at the Phillips Gallery Art School in Washington, D.C. while his wife was employed as the school secretary. In 1938, Gates received a summer scholarship to study under Henry Varnum Poor at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center.

During World War II, Gates worked as a civilian technician for the Navy Department doing model making and camouflage design, receiving the Distinguished Civilian Service Award for his work.

After the war, and the closing of the Phillips Gallery Art School, Gates attended classes taught by Bill Calfee at American University. In 1946, he joined the faculty and eventually becane chairman of the Art Department in 1954. Robert and Margaret Gates were divorced sometime in the mid-1950s. From 1966 to 1967, Gates was Artist-in-Residence at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, under the Department of State Educational and Cultural Exchange Program. In 1967, he married his second wife, Sarita, while in Baghdad.

Gates is represented in the permanent collections of the American University, the Baltimore Museum of Art, the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Dumbarton Oaks collection, the Phillips Collection, and the Lewisshon collection.

Robert Franklin Gates died on March 11, 1982 in Alexandria, Virginia.
Related Material:
Also in the Archives of American Art are the papers of Gates' first wife Margaret Casey Gates, 1934-1988,
Provenance:
The Robert Franklin Gates papers were donated in 1995 by Sarita W. Gates, the artist's widow, via legal representative Bradford G. Weekes III.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Robert Franklin Gates papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Post office buildings  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Art teachers -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Christmas cards
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Robert Franklin Gates papers, 1910-1988, bulk 1928-1988. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gaterobe
See more items in:
Robert Franklin Gates papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gaterobe
Online Media:

Decorative Composition (Study for Promenade)

Artist:
Maurice Prendergast, American, b. St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada, 1858–1924  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and pencil on paper
Dimensions:
12 3/4 × 20 7/8 in. (32.5 × 53 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
(1913-1915)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.4128
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
American Impressionism
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2563ab595-7e74-4a0b-bd45-8c8b63a883f2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.4128

Betty Wertheimer Salaman (Mrs. Arthur Ricketts)

Artist:
John Singer Sargent, American, b. Florence, Italy, 1856–1925  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and pencil on paper, mounted on paperboard, mounted to fiberboard panel
Dimensions:
14 X 10 IN. (35.6 X 25.4 CM.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1910-1912
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.4450
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
School:
American Impressionism
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2f63c4599-440c-43b3-869a-7a997664020c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.4450

Portrait of Trudl

Artist:
Oskar Kokoschka, British, b. Pochlarn, Austria, 1886–1980  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
14 1/16 X 19 1/2 IN. IRREG. (35.7 X 49.5 CM.)
Type:
Drawing
Date:
(1931)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.2780
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py29d4ddbc0-72cd-404a-94a2-b5690dfc3767
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.2780

Kenneth Doolittle

Artist:
Alice Neel, American, b. Merion Square, Pennsylvania, 1900–1984  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and pencil on paper
Dimensions:
13 15/16 X 10 IN. (35.4 X 25.4 CM.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1931
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Richard Neel, New York, NY, 1979
Accession Number:
79.262
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2ef1d7996-df51-4068-94fe-6435ab9dd8aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_79.262

Self-Portrait

Artist:
George Grosz, American, b. Berlin, Germany, 1893–1959  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal on paper
Dimensions:
24 7/8 X 18 7/8 IN. (63.2 X 48.0 CM.)
Type:
Drawing
Date:
(1937)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.2271
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py240fe4b35-97d5-4291-998f-3de3e5d31aab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.2271

Abraham Walkowitz

Artist:
Lotte Jacobi, American, b. Thorn, Germany, 1896–1990  Search this
Medium:
Photograph on paper
Dimensions:
14 x 10 15/16 in. (35.5 x 27.7 cm)
Type:
Photograph
Date:
(by 1965)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Virginia M. Zabriskie, 1976
Accession Number:
76.84
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py20ec6a52f-217f-426d-87c4-c5904b49d7ec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_76.84

The Artist's Wife (Marussia Burliuk)

Artist:
David Burliuk, American, b. Riabushki, Ukraine, 1882–1967  Search this
Medium:
Crayon, charcoal, and pencil on paper
Dimensions:
sheet: 16 x 12 in. (40.6 x 30.4 cm); image: 14 1/8 x 10 1/2 in. (35.8 x 26.6 cm) [irreg.]
Type:
Drawing
Date:
(c. 1941)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.737
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2cb2b3dee-12dd-4ffd-910e-3129b1d2a9b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.737

Arshile Gorky

Artist:
David Burliuk, American, b. Riabushki, Ukraine, 1882–1967  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal, sanguine, and pencil on paper
Dimensions:
17 15/16 x 11 13/16 in. (45.5 x 30 cm)
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1941
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.740
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2af045023-b31d-44b9-8dd0-f06a1c98d384
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.740

Virginia - Cultural Destinations

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Lectures
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 08 Nov 2007 05:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_21b5a8a736556657fb231bf3623b5c16

Leonid Lamm : recolections from the twilight zone : 1973 - 1985 : May 7 to June 8, 1985, National Center on Institutions and Alternatives, Alexandria, Virginia ; Contemporary Russian Art Center of America

Type:
Books
Date:
[1985]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_710172

Artists : 22 from NOVA who teach : works by the full-time fine arts faculty of the five campuses of Northern Virginia Community College, Alexandria, Annandale, Loudoun, Manassas, Woodbridge : Arlington Arts Center, Arlington, Virginia, January 9-February 13, 1987 [and] the Athenaeum, Alexandria, Virginia, January 11-February 15, 1987

Author:
Tebow, Elizabeth  Search this
Northern Virginia Community College  Search this
Arlington Arts Center (Arlington, Va.)  Search this
Athenaeum (Alexandria, Va.)  Search this
Subject:
Northern Virginia Community College Faculty  Search this
Physical description:
34 p. : ill ; 15 x 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Virginia, Northern
Date:
1987
[1987]
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artists as teachers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_909604

Torpedo Factory Art Center catalog

Title:
Art Center catalog
Author:
Torpedo Factory Art Center  Search this
Torpedo Factory Artists' Association  Search this
Subject:
Torpedo Factory Art Center  Search this
Physical description:
112 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Virginia
Alexandria
Date:
1992
C1992
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artists  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Call number:
N512.A515 A65 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_909845

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