Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
189 documents - page 1 of 10

Apotheosis of Washington

Artist:
David Edwin, 1776 - 1841  Search this
Copy after:
Rembrandt Peale, 22 Feb 1778 - 3 Oct 1860  Search this
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
Richard Montgomery, 2 Dec 1738 - 31 Dec 1775  Search this
Joseph Warren, 11 Jun 1741 - 17 Jun 1775  Search this
Medium:
Stipple engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 60.7 x 46.3 cm (23 7/8 x 18 1/4")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1800
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Clouds  Search this
Imaginary  Search this
Architecture\Building\House  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Wreath\Laurel  Search this
Allegorical  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Putti  Search this
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Richard Montgomery: Male  Search this
Richard Montgomery: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
Joseph Warren: Male  Search this
Joseph Warren: Politics and Government\Public Official  Search this
Joseph Warren: Military\Soldier\Revolution  Search this
Joseph Warren: Health and Medicine\Physician  Search this
Joseph Warren: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Joseph Warren: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Joseph Warren: Politics and Government\Patriot  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.77.108
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm470c74ad6-47f7-4532-b2bf-b0b4e48dd189
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.77.108

Brannock Device Company Records

Creator:
Park-Brannock.  Search this
Park, Ernest N.  Search this
Brannock, Otis C.  Search this
Brannock, Charles F., 1903-1992  Search this
Brannock Device Company.  Search this
Names:
Selby Shoe Company  Search this
United States. Armed Forces -- Supplies and stores  Search this
United States. Army -- Supplies and stores  Search this
Extent:
12 Cubic feet (34 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Patents
Trademarks
Slides (photographs)
Advertisements
Sales records
Photographs
Photographic prints
Filmstrips
Design drawings
Date:
1925 - 1998
Summary:
The Brannock Device Company began with the 1925 invention of the Brannock Device, a tool to measure foot length and width at the same time, by inventor and businessman Charles F. Brannock. Early in his career Brannock worked as a shoe salesman at the Park-Brannock shoe store, and in 1962 he became the CEO of the company. This collection documents both the Park-Brannock store and the Brannock Device. Materials in The Brannock Device Company Records, 1925-1998, include of correspondence, design drawings, United States and foreign patents and trademarks, advertisements, product information, sales records, photographs, and a film strip documenting the invention, promotion, and sale of the Brannock Device as well as the concurrent development of Park-Brannock as a leading shoe store in Syracuse, N.Y.
Scope and Contents:
The Brannock Device Company Records, 1925-1998, consist of correspondence, design drawings, United States and foreign patents and trademarks, advertisements, product information, sales records, photographs, and a film strip documenting the invention, promotion, and sale of the Brannock Device as well as the concurrent development of Park-Brannock as a leading shoe store in Syracuse, NY. The collection is useful to researchers for its stories of invention and entrepreneurship and its exemplification of the patent and trademark process in the United States and internationally in the early 20th century. The process of manufacturing and marketing in the shoe industry, and manufacturing of military supplies during World War II is also highlighted.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two subgroups.

Subgroup 1, The Brannock Device Company, 1925-1998

Series 1: Historical Background, 1928-1995

Series 2: Operational Records, 1926-1980

Subseries 1: Book for Recording Devices on Hand, 1927-1929

Subseries 2: Correspondence, 1926-1951

Subseries 3: Census, 1947-1980

Subseries 4: Insurance Inventory, 1956

Subseries 5: Royalties Accrued, 1946-1951

Subseries 6: Time Records, 1952-1958

Subseries 7: Notes, undated

Series 3: Product Development Records, 1925-1981

Subseries 1: Competitors' Devices and Other Products, c. 1928-1981

Subseries 2: Fitting Stool, 1936-1947

Subseries 3: Design, 1925-1975

Subseries 4: Manufacture, 1927-1959

Series 4: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1926-1998

Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1926-1998

Subseries 2: Mailing Lists, 1947-1950

Subseries 3: Ideas and Copy, undated

Subseries 4: Printed Materials with the Brannock Device Name (stationery, business cards, leases), undated

Subseries 5: Advertisements and Product Information, 1934-1980

Subseries 6: Measuring Device Instructions, undated

Subseries 7: Advertising and Merchandising Plans, 1938-1956

Series 5: Sales and Distribution Records, 1925-1986

Subseries 1: United States--Private Sector, 1925-1973

Subseries 2: United States--Military, 1928-1972

Subseries 3: Foreign, 1937-1986

Series 6: Photographs, c. 1930-1997

Subseries 1: Personal, undated

Subseries 2: Foot-Measuring Devices, undated

Subseries 3: Military, undated

Subseries 4: Employees and Factory, undated

Subseries 5: Negatives of Brannock Device, 1933-1958

Subgroup 2, Park-Brannock Shoe Store Records, 1916-1918, 1927-1981

Series 1: Historical Background, 1936-1981

Series 2: Operational Records, 1936-1972

Subseries 1: Financial Materials, 1936-1972

Subseries 2: Financial Materials, 1937-1961

Subseries 3: Business Course Tailored to Park-Brannock, undated

Subseries 4: Business Course Tailored to Park-Brannock, 1935-1961

Subseries 5: New York City Business Trips, 1945-1952

Subseries 6: Miscellaneous Notes, undated

Series 3: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1933-1962

Series 4: Sales Records, 1916-1977

Subseries 1: Customer Correspondence, 1928-1977

Subseries 2: Supplier Correspondence, 1927-1944

Subseries 3: Florsheim Sales Instruction Manual, undated

Subseries 4: Inventories, 1961

Subseries 5: Promotions, undated

Subseries 6: Receipts, 1916-1918

Subseries 7: Sales Floor Management, undated

Series 5: Photographs, 1932-1967
Biographical / Historical:
The Brannock Device Company began with the 1925 invention of the Brannock Device by Charles F. Brannock. Charles Brannock was working as a salesman in the Park-Brannock shoe store, co-owned by his father Otis C. Brannock and Ernest N. Park, in Syracuse, New York when he saw the need for an improved foot-measuring device. The Brannock Device soon gained favor over size-sticks because it measured foot length and width at the same time. Additionally, it measured heel-to-ball length, a feature which aided in fitting heeled shoes.

Charles F. Brannock (1903-1992) was an inventor and businessman. He began tinkering with the idea of a new foot-measuring device while attending Syracuse University, where he would get up in the middle of the night and work on sketches and calculations. Brannock obtained a patent for the device on August 28, 1928, but by then manufacture and sale of the device was already underway. Brannock assembled the device in the Park-Brannock shoe store and gave the device a trial on the sales floor. In 1926, Charles Brannock began offering the device to shoe retailers first on a rental basis and then by sale through the use of salesmen who lived throughout the country and each covered a geographic area. By 1929, the company began to phase out salesmen because it offered quantity discounts to shoe companies which distributed the devices to their stores at a lower price than salesmen could offer.

Brannock sold his device internationally beginning in 1929 through Mr. I. Singer of London, England. In 1936 distribution rights transferred to Henry Maitland Marler of Feature Shoes Limited of London, an affiliate of the Selby Shoe Company. Renewing and protecting foreign trademarks proved to be a legal challenge. Due to some confusion, Brannock's British patent was allowed to lapse. In order to prevent other companies from using the Brannock name in England, H.M. Marler set up Brannock Fitting Device Limited in October 1937. The company began manufacturing Brannock Devices in January 1946, but royalties accrued through European sale by 1951 did not even cover a third of the cost of trademarks, patents, and designs.

Fortunately for the Brannock Device Company, these costs were absorbed by the Selby Shoe Company, with whom it had entered into agreements about foreign distribution in November 1941. Selby had exclusive rights to distribute the Brannock Device in South America, South Africa, and other countries, and assisted Brannock in securing trademarks in many foreign countries.

In 1933 a United States Navy captain asked a shoe salesman to find the source of many sailors' foot problems. The salesman, after measuring sailors' feet with the Brannock device, declared that the Navy shoe was not the cause of the problem; the sailors were simply wearing the wrong size shoes. The captain was so happy that he would not have to order special shoes for his men that he wrote an article in the July 1933 issue of United States Naval Institute Proceedings which described how the Brannock Device had eliminated foot troubles aboard the ship. This gave Brannock an opportunity to promote his device in the Navy by sending the article to other ships. He calibrated his device for use in other branches of the military and by World War II the Brannock Device was being used by most of the armed forces. Several articles were written about the greater foot comfort enjoyed by the military after the introduction of the device. Charles Brannock was proud of his small but widespread role in the war effort and in the comfort of America's enlisted men and women.

Through the years Charles Brannock developed many different models of his device, including the women's, men's, junior, growing girl's, athletic, ski-boot, and military models. In 1947, Brannock moved the device company to a machine shop at 509 East Fayette Street in Syracuse, where it remained for 50 years.

Brannock advertised both the store and the device in local papers, and the device in trade literature such as Boot and Shoe Recorder. He encouraged other shoe stores to promote themselves by using the device in their advertising. He also attended the annual National Shoe Fair in Chicago from 1938 to 1968 in order to promote the device as well as learn about shoe-fashion trends for the Park-Brannock shoe store.

Concurrently, Charles Brannock also played a significant role in the Park-Brannock shoe store. His father, Otis C. Brannock and Ernest N. Park founded Park-Brannock in 1906 in a small store at 321 South Salina Street, focusing on women's shoes. In February 1937, they moved to a three-story building at 427 South Salina Street. Finally, in 1946, a six-story store was built at 473-475 South Salina Street through 129 East Onondaga Street. While waiting for the newest store to be built, Park-Brannock temporarily moved to the Chimes Building at 510-512 South Salina Street and 113 West Onondaga Street. Park-Brannock gained fame in Syracuse for a wide selection of men's, women's and children's shoes, handbags, millinery, hose, and accessories. In an advertisement, the store declared itself "one of America's finest shoe stores." The design of the two newer stores was state-of-the-art, and Park-Brannock was featured in shoe magazine articles. For example, the men's department was designed to look like a great room inside a ship. Charles Brannock became the CEO of Park-Brannock after both his father and Ernest Park died in 1962. Park-Brannock closed its doors in 1981, after the Hotel Syracuse offered to purchase the property for its new Hilton Tower.

Charles Brannock died on November 22, 1992, at the age of 89. The company was purchased in 1993 from the Brannock Estate by Salvatore Leonardi. Leonardi continues to manufacture Brannock devices in a small factory in Liverpool, New York. Over a million Brannock Devices have been manufactured, and it remains the shoe industry standard
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

Artifacts (several Brannock Devices and competitors' devices) are in the Division of Culture and the Arts and the Division of Armed Forces History.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History by Salvatore Leonardi on November 4, 1998.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research use.
Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Show-windows -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Shoes -- Sizes  Search this
Shoe industry -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Shoes -- Fitting  Search this
Shoe machinery  Search this
Foot -- Measurement  Search this
Design, Industrial -- New York -- Syracuse  Search this
Military supplies  Search this
Measuring instruments industry  Search this
Measuring instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents
Trademarks
Slides (photographs)
Advertisements
Sales records
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1890-1920
Photographs -- 20th century
Photographic prints
Filmstrips
Design drawings
Citation:
Brannock Device Company Records, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0672
See more items in:
Brannock Device Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0672
Online Media:

National Company (NATCO) Atomic Clocks Records

Creator:
Bagnall, James  Search this
Orensberg, Arthur  Search this
NATCO, Inc. (National Company, Inc.)  Search this
Mainberger, Walter  Search this
Lerner, Louis C.  Search this
Holloway, Joseph  Search this
Grant, Eugene  Search this
George, James  Search this
Daly, Richard Timothy, Jr.  Search this
Bovarnick, Michael  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Cubic feet (16 boxes, 3 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Technical drawings
Reports
Manuals
Photographs
Date:
1955 - 1968
Summary:
The records document the development of the first commercial atomic clocks by the National Company, Inc., (NATCO) of Malden, Massachusetts, a company known for producing specialized electronic equipment. The records include blueprints, technical drawings and schematics, technical and research reports, instruction manuals, photographs, and marketing materials.
Scope and Contents:
The National Company (NATCO) Atomic Clocks Records, 1955-1968, documents the development of the first commercial atomic clocks. Materials were generated by the National Company, Inc. (NATCO) of Malden, Massachusetts which produced the clocks under contract for military branches of the U.S. government and also marketed them on a retail basis. The collection consists of blueprints, technical drawings and schematics, technical and research reports, instruction manuals, photographs, marketing materials, and a stock offering prospectus for NATCO. If one blueprint, drawing or parts list had two or more models listed, it is included under the first model cited.

Series 1, National Company, Inc., (NATCO), 1957-1959, consists of a stock offering prospectus, 1959, which describes the organization of NATCO, its executives and Board of Directors, financial condition, and products. Located in this series is a bound volume of photographs which accompanied NATCO's contract bids. This volume contains photographs of a state-of-the-art machine shop and electronics laboratory of the late 1950s and early 1960s. A blueprint for a radio receiver— the product on which NATCO had built its reputation—is here.

Series 2, Atomichrons, 1955-1968, contains blueprints, original technical drawings and schematics, instruction manuals for setup and operation, technical and research reports, photographs and marketing materials arranged by Atomichron model from the National Atomic Frequency System (NAFS) prototype through the NC3701 and NC3702. The NC1001, the first commercial atomic clock, is fully documented. Technical Memoranda and proposals (TM-) related to particular models have been included with them. Other Technical Memoranda and proposals are in Series 3, Components, 1955-1957, and Series 5, Technical Memoranda and Reports, 1956-1957.

Series 3, Components, 1955-1967, contains materials related to the development of NATCo's Cesium Beam Tube and other parts of the Atomichrons. It includes Technical Memoranda (TM-), blueprints and original drawings, original notes and computations, parts lists, and photographs. Also included in this series is material related to the Production Engineering Measure (PEM), 1962-1967. This was a piece of equipment designed and built by NATCO to measure the accuracy of each Cesium Beam Tube as it was produced.

Series 4, Collision Avoidance System, 1962-1967, consists of material related to James J. Bagnall's patented Collision Avoidance System, using the Cesium Beam Frequency Standard. It includes his research report, the patent assigned to NATCO, and proposals and reports from NATCO representatives to Air Transportation Association conferences and meetings for 1967.

Series 5, Technical Memoranda and Reports, 1956-1967, consists of bound and numbered (TM-) technical memoranda. These are research reports and proposals for future research or products. Other technical memoranda are in Series 2, Atomichrons and Series 3, Components, 1955-1967.

Series 6, Reprints from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 1953-1955, contains a bound volume of reprinted or photocopied papers which document research developments in Cesium Beam Frequency Standards at the time NATCO was establishing itself as a commercial producer.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1: National Company, Inc., (NATCO), 1957-1959

Series 2: Atomichrons, 1955-1968

Subseries 2.1, National Atomic Frequency System (NAF), 1956

Subseries 2.2, NC1001, 1955-circa 1959

Subseries 2.3, NC1001, Polaris, 1956-1958

Subseries 2.4, NC2001, Militarized, 1956-1961

Subseries 2.5, NC3001, Airborne, 1956-1961

Subseries 2.6, NC1200, 1959

Subseries 2.7, Missileborne Atomichron, 1959-1960

Subseries 2,8, NC1501, 1958-1964

Subseries 2.9, NC1601, Economy, 1958-1964

Subseries 2.10, Tactical Frequency Standard Drawings, 1959

Subseries 2.11, Tri-Service CBFS, circa 1965

Subseries 2.12, NC3501, circa 1965, 1967

Subseries 2.13, NC3601, Aerospace, circa 1965

Subseries 2.14, NC3701, Commercial, 1964-1968

Series 3: Components, 1955-1967

Series 4: Collision Avoidance System, 1962-1967

Series 5: Technical Memoranda and Reports, 1956-1967

Series 6: Reprints from MIT, 1953-1955
Biographical / Historical:
An atomic clock is a cesium-based frequency standard. It operates by exposing cesium atoms to microwaves at one end of their resonant frequencies and then counting their corresponding cycles as a measure of time. In 1955, Louis Essen of Britain's National Physical Laboratory and William Markowitz of the U.S. Naval Observatory collaborated to produce the first measurement of what is now called the atomic second. In 1967, the 13th general Conference of Weights and Measures formally redefined the atomic second as 9,192,631,770. The atomic second became the internationally accepted unit of time. Atomic clocks are the most accurate of all clocks. The first clock in 1949 was based on the microwave resonances of the ammonia molecule. It was patented by Harold Lyons and Benjamin F. Husten. The first commercial atomic clocks were developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Research Laboratory of Electronics under J.R. Zacharias, a protégé of I.I. Rabi's, circa 1955-1956 and were manufactured by the National Company, Inc. (NATCO) of Malden, Massachussets. NATCO, founded in 1914, was a well-respected company known for producing specialized electronic equipment in short runs. Prototype clocks bore the working name National Atomic Frequency Standard (NAFS). When the first commercial product was unveiled on October 3, 1956, it bore the trade name "Atomichron" and the model number NC-1001. Between 1956 and 1960, fifty Atomichrons were made and sold to military agencies, government agencies, and universities. Nine other models followed with refinements in size, portability and accuracy. The most radical design departure began with the NC3001 when the beam tube was placed in the horizontal position. Prices ranged from $10,000 to $50,000.

Patents covering NATCO's frequency standards include: 2,960,663, 2,972,115, 2,991,389, 3,258,713, 3,305,290. In 1965, James J. Bagnall was assigned patent 3,167,772 for a Collision Avoidance System to NATCO. It never reached production.

Although supported by research contracts by all three military branches, especially the Army Signal Corps, NATCO failed to achieve a lasting profitability. It was liquidated, and its patents were acquired by Frequency Electronics in 1969.

Sources

1. PEM Drawing C43767, 1967, PEM Drawings (C38037-C43767), 1964-1967, Series 3, Components, 1955-1967, Atomic Clock Collection, Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History.

2. Forman, Paul. "Atomichron: The Atomic Clock from Concept to Commercial Product," in Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 73, p. 1181-1204, 1985.
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

Artifacts related to this collection are located in the Division of Work and Industry.

Materials at Other Organizations

Materials related to MIT staff and departments who were involved in NATCO's Atomic Clock projects also can be found in the Historical Collections at the MIT Museum (http://web.mit.edu/museum/) and in the Institute Archives and Special Collections (http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/) of the MIT Libraries in Cambridge, Mass.
Provenance:
Materials in this collection were donated to the Division of Electricity and Modern Physics by Louis C. Lerner in December 1984. The bulk of the blueprints were purchased from Robert Reeves in August, 1991.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Atomic clocks  Search this
Airplanes -- Collision avoidance -- 1950-1970  Search this
United States -- Air defenses -- Military -- 1950-1970  Search this
Inventions -- 1950-2000  Search this
Frequency standards -- 1950-1970  Search this
Cold War -- 1950-1970  Search this
Clocks and watches -- 1950-1970  Search this
Military-industrial complex -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge  Search this
Patents -- 1950-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints -- 20th century
Technical drawings
Reports -- 1940-1970
Manuals -- 1950-1970
Photographs -- 1940-1970
Citation:
National Company (NATCO) Atomic Clocks Records, 1955-1968, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0547
See more items in:
National Company (NATCO) Atomic Clocks Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0547
Online Media:

"Defend Your Country, Enlist Now in the United States Army" Poster

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 38 in x 25 in; 96.52 cm x 63.5 cm
Object Name:
poster
Associated Place:
United States
Date made:
1940
Associated date:
1941 - 1945
Subject:
Uncle Sam  Search this
Related event:
World War II  Search this
The Great Depression and World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
U.S. Department of Defense. Department of the Navy.
ID Number:
AF.70505M
Catalog number:
70505M
Accession number:
276931
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, General
Military
Art
ThinkFinity
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-7108-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443963

"1778-1943 Americans Will Always Fight for Liberty" Poster

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 28 in x 22 in; 71.12 cm x 55.88 cm
Object Name:
poster
Used:
United States
Date made:
1943
Associated date:
1941 - 1945
Related event:
World War II  Search this
American Revolution  Search this
The Great Depression and World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Eugene A. Tilleaux
ID Number:
AF.56184
Catalog number:
56184
Accession number:
199084
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Art
ThinkFinity
Exhibition:
Price of Freedom
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a2-6f43-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_443931

The Market Place, Fere-En-Tardenois

Artist:
Peixotto, Ernest Clifford  Search this
Physical Description:
pencil (overall production method/technique)
charcoal (overall production method/technique)
ink wash (overall production method/technique)
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 1/2 in x 13 1/4 in; 26.67 cm x 33.655 cm
Object Name:
sketch
Depicted:
France: Hauts-de-France, Fère-en-Tardenois
Date made:
1918-08
Credit Line:
War Department. Historical Branch of the General Staff
ID Number:
AF.25880
Catalog number:
25880
Accession number:
64592
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
World War I Art
Combat Art
Military
Art
Art
Official Art from the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-1e7c-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_445346

Lowe Press No. 2 press

Maker:
Lowe, Samuel W.  Search this
Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 3/4 in x 14 1/2 in x 26 in; 24.765 cm x 36.83 cm x 66.04 cm
Object Name:
press, printing
Object Type:
Letterpress
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, Boston
Date made:
ca 1860
Patent date:
1856
Subject:
Civil War  Search this
Printing  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph H. Hennage
ID Number:
1988.0650.03
Accession number:
1988.0650
Catalog number:
1988.0650.03
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Graphic Arts
Industry & Manufacturing
Cultures & Communities
Printing Presses in the Graphic Arts Collection
Communications
Civil War Field Printing
Military
Exhibition:
Printing at Home
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-93b6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1213009
Online Media:

"Enlist in a Proud Profession ... U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps" Poster

Distributor:
United States. Office of War Information  Search this
Printer:
US Government Printing Office  Search this
Issuing authority:
U.S. Public Health Service  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
blue (overall color)
white (overall color)
red (overall color)
grey (overall color)
black (overall color)
Measurements:
average spatial: 71.6 cm x 51.3 cm; 28 3/16 in x 20 3/16 in
Object Name:
poster
Place Made:
United States
Date made:
1942
Associated dates:
1942
Related event:
World War II  Search this
The Great Depression and World War II  Search this
ID Number:
1977.0020.041
Catalog number:
1977.0020.041
Accession number:
1977.0020
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
Art
ThinkFinity
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-180b-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1173667

Everett H. Bickley Collection

Creator:
Bickley, Everett H., 1888-1972  Search this
Names:
Bickley Manufacturing Company  Search this
H. J. Heinz Company  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (17 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Patents
Correspondence
Dance charts
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
1919-1980
bulk 1919-1965
Summary:
The Everett H. Bickley Collection, 1919-1980, documents the inventions of Everett Huckel Bickley, most known for his electric sorting machine used to automate the process of sorting beans by use of a photoelectric cell. The collection consists of patents, drawings, photographs, correspondence, and artifacts designed by Bickley. The collection spans a considerable portion of the twentieth century and is of value to those researchers interested in product development, the patent application process, product marketing and promotion, World War II innovation, and the daily operation of a small, privately-owned industry.
Scope and Contents:
The collection spans a considerable portion of the twentieth century and is of value to those researchers interested in product development, the patent application process, product marketing and promotion, World War II innovation, and the daily operation of a small, privately-owned industry.

The collection consists of general correspondence, patents and patent correspondence, drawings, manuals, trade literature, and photographs. In addition, there are several artifacts designed by Bickley in the collection. These include a photographic exposure meter (Fotimer), a prototype slide mount (Color Tight Slide Mount), dance charts, and even a clipboard (Deskette).

Series 1: Everett H. Bickley Personal Papers, 1920-1999

This series consists of personal information about Everett H. Bickley. It includes his will, a company biography written by Bickley and edited by his daughter, and the story of the motograph, also written by Bickley.

Series 2: Bickley Manufacturing Company, 1933-1980

In this series is information directly related to the day-to-day operations of the company, including a checks-received ledger, office instructions, shop instructions, and employment information.

Series 3: Sorter Information, 1928-1965

This series consists of information about the various sorters that Bickley developed. Included are drawings related to the development of the sorters, engineering part drawings, equipment histories for plants where leased sorters were located (arranged alphabetically by location, though H-M is missing), patents, and patent correspondence related to specific sorter improvements. The patent correspondence in this series is sorted by starting date of the correspondence for each individual patent. If the starting dates were the same, they were then arranged alphabetically within the starting date. This was done to make it easier to trace the development of the sorter. The actual patents are also arranged alphabetically.

Series 4: Other Inventions, 1919-1958

This series documents Bickley's non-sorter related inventions. Included are the development drawings, patents, patent correspondence, and marketing material. In addition, the artifacts that are part of the collection can be found in this series.

Series 5: World War Two Related Activities, 1939-1950

The material in this series pertains to Bickley's work in World War II. It includes correspondence, information on the various ideas he submitted to the National Inventor's Council, and his attempts to get patent protection extended for the years during the war when he could not exploit his inventions. Information on sorter-related activities during the war is in Series III.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1, Everett Bickley Personal Papers, 1920-1999

Subseries 1, General Information,1920-1999

Subseries 2, Publication Material, 1933-1998

Series 2: The Bickley Manufacturing Company, 1933-1980

Subseries 1, General Information, 1949-1980

Subseries 2, Company Operations, 1933-1972

Series 3, Sorter Information, 1928-1965

Subseries 1, Sorter Specific Information, 1933-1965

Subseries 2, General Information, 1928-1965

Series 4, Other Inventions, 1919-1958

Subseries 1, General Information, 1919-1951

Subseries 2, Inventions, 1920-1958

Series 5, World War two Related Activities, 1939-1950

Subseries 1, General Information, 1939-1950

Subseries 2, Ideas Submitted, 1941-1943
Biographical / Historical:
Everett Huckel Bickley (1888-1972) was an active inventor and enterpreneur. His inventing career began while a student at the Carnegie Institute of Technology, where he invented a number of items, including a variable speed governor with which he won the Senior Design Competition in 1910, the year he graduated.

In 1911, Bickley developed and marketed his first commercial invention, the "motograph," which was an electric sign which spelled out moving messages with light bulbs. The first motograph was erected over the Columbian Theatre in Detroit, but others were eventually seen in cities throughout the world. Unfortunately, he sold his interests too soon and made little money from this idea.

Only a few years later, while he was watching lines of women sorting navy pea beans in his job as chief engineer for the H. J Heinz Company, Bickley came up with the idea to develop an electric sorting machine to automate the process. By the early 1930s he had developed, patented, and begun to market a machine that could, by use of a photoelectric cell, sort the good beans from the bad. The first company to lease a bean sorter from him was the H. J. Heinz Company. Bickley continued to improve the sorter for the next thirty years, eventually adapting it to sort rice, peanuts, and ball bearings.

The sorter was the only invention from which Bickley ever made any considerable money, but it never dulled his enthusiasm for developing new ideas. At times he had up to nine active patent applications in the works. Examples include a nutcracker, snow shovel, slide mount, faucet, and photographic exposure meter.

Bickley was also active during World War II as a $1.00 A Year Man and member of the National Inventors Council, which reviewed war related invention ideas. In addition, he contributed over fifty ideas of his own to the National Inventors Council. During the war, his company was able to produce little of its own products due to wartime material restrictions and having most of its workers drafted. Consequently, Bickley spent several fruitless years after the war trying to get his patent rights extended to cover time lost during the war.

Early on, Bickley realized the need to form a company to help develop and promote his many inventions, and formed the Bickley Manufacturing Company shortly after his graduation for just this purpose. When he married in 1913, his new wife, Mary, became an active partner in the company. Later, their daughter Audrey joined the company, producing the photoelectric cells for the sorter, going on sales trips, and working as one of her father's most reliable troubleshooters when the sorters broke down.

Bickley died in 1972 at the age of 84. Always a believer that hard work was necessary for success, he left behind a legacy of inventions, including one that helped to revolutionize the agricultural processing industry.
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The machine that Bickley used to demonstrate his bean-sorting process is held by Division of Work and Industry.
Provenance:
Audrey Bickely Beyer, Everett Bickley's daughter, donated the collection to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, in March of 1999.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Copyright status of items varies.
Topic:
Dance notation  Search this
Insect pests -- Control  Search this
Advertising, Outdoor  Search this
Military -- Art and science -- 1930-1950  Search this
Sorting devices  Search this
Patent practice  Search this
Photography -- Apparatus and supplies  Search this
Industry  Search this
Fotimer (exposure meter)  Search this
Slide mounts  Search this
Bean sorters  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Agriculture -- Quality control  Search this
Research, Industrial  Search this
Inventions  Search this
Photography -- Exposure  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Dance charts
Photographs -- 20th century
Drawings -- 20th century
Citation:
The Everett H. Bickley Collection, 1919-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0683
See more items in:
Everett H. Bickley Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0683
Online Media:

Fort Pierre, Mouth of the Teton River, 1200 Miles above Saint Louis

Artist:
George Catlin, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1796-died Jersey City, NJ 1872  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
11 1/4 x 14 1/2 in. (28.6 x 36.7 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1832
Topic:
Western  Search this
Landscape\river\Teton River  Search this
Architecture Exterior\military\fort  Search this
Architecture Exterior\domestic\teepee  Search this
Architecture Exterior\military\Fort Pierre  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
Object number:
1985.66.384
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk78d68ffa1-1cd5-471e-8afc-375f7cb2e5a8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1985.66.384

Wartime Marketing

Artist:
Martha Moffett Bache, born Flint, MI 1893-died Washington, DC 1983  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
24 3/8 x 19 in. (61.8 x 48.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1942
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
History\United States\World War II  Search this
Occupation\vendor\grocer  Search this
Occupation\military\soldier  Search this
Object\other\sign  Search this
Architecture Interior\commercial\grocery  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Milton Turner
Object number:
1977.114
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7358da6db-166e-4413-a8d4-776df5c5e3f8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1977.114

Major Luther Giddings

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Luther Giddings, 1823 - 1884  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
75.6 × 63.5 cm (29 3/4 × 25")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1847/1848
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Military  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Luther Giddings: Male  Search this
Luther Giddings: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Luther Giddings: Military\Army\Officer\Major  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Art Market
Object number:
DLR02227
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm459646583-600f-4ee9-8c0a-d9912baeb9de
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_DLR02227

Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings

Alternate Title:
Lord Francis Rawdon-Hastings
Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Possible attribution:
Hugh Douglas Hamilton, c.1736 - 1808  Search this
Sitter:
1st Marquess Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1754 - 1826  Search this
Medium:
Pastel on possibly paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 23.5 × 19.7 cm (9 1/4 × 7 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1777-1778
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Epaulet  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Stock  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Ribbon  Search this
1st Marquess Francis Rawdon-Hastings: Male  Search this
1st Marquess Francis Rawdon-Hastings: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
1st Marquess Francis Rawdon-Hastings: Military\Army\Officer\British  Search this
1st Marquess Francis Rawdon-Hastings: Politics and Government\Statesman\British  Search this
1st Marquess Francis Rawdon-Hastings: Rulers and Nobility\Aristocrat\Earl  Search this
1st Marquess Francis Rawdon-Hastings: Rulers and Nobility\Aristocrat\Marquess  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Art Market
Object number:
MA991111
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f2bf970d-519f-48a9-9b26-26ea7b2e0ecf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MA991111

Benjamin Bussey Jr.

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Copy after:
Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828  Search this
Sitter:
Benjamin Bussey, 1 Mar 1757 - 13 Jan 1842  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Unknown.
Type:
Painting
Date:
19th Century
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Couch  Search this
Benjamin Bussey: Male  Search this
Benjamin Bussey: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Benjamin Bussey: Military\Soldier\Revolution  Search this
Benjamin Bussey: Crafts and Trades\Craftsman\Metalworker\Silversmith  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Art Market
Object number:
DLR00777
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm450ade947-a48d-4e73-93f6-cbd076d07701
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_DLR00777

George Washington Apotheosis

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Copy after:
John James Barralet, 1747 - 1815  Search this
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
Medium:
Transfer image on ceramic
Dimensions:
Other: 26.5 x 27 x 20 cm (10 7/16 x 10 5/8 x 7 7/8")
Type:
Decorative Arts
Date:
c. 1800-1802
Topic:
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2007.250
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a1e3d50c-970f-4ec8-bb04-08ee3f043ebc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2007.250

George Washington

Artist:
Enoch G. Gridley, active 1801 - 1818  Search this
Copy after:
John Coles, Jr., 1776/80 - 1854  Search this
Edward Savage, 26 Nov 1761 - 6 Jul 1817  Search this
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
Medium:
Etching, engraving and stipple engraving on laid paper
Dimensions:
Image: 33.8 x 22.5cm (13 5/16 x 8 7/8")
Sheet: 34.9 x 24cm (13 3/4 x 9 7/16")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6cm (22 x 16")
Type:
Print
Date:
c. 1800
Topic:
Weapon\Gun\Rifle  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Helmet  Search this
Weapon\Spear  Search this
Equipment\Shield  Search this
Container\Urn  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Trumpet  Search this
Home Furnishings\Mirror  Search this
Weapon\Cannon  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Wreath\Laurel  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap\Phrygian cap  Search this
Human Figures\Soldier  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Garland  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Garland  Search this
Weapon\Gun\Bayonet  Search this
Religious\Angel  Search this
Weapon\Cannonball  Search this
Funereal\Tomb  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Putti  Search this
Artwork\Portrait\George Washington  Search this
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.97.163
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm491fed62f-7034-4010-8356-b3d39b67b9a0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.97.163

Michael Holman Family Home Movie #27

Title:
8mm motion picture film of Michael Holman Family Home Movie #27
Created by:
Pauline Thompson Wood, American, born 1901  Search this
Subject of:
Michael Holman, American, born 1955  Search this
Linda Holman, American, born 1953  Search this
Alice Holman, American, 1927 - 2009  Search this
Pauline Thompson Wood, American, born 1901  Search this
Josephine Baker, American, 1906 - 1975  Search this
Owned by:
Michael Holman, American, born 1955  Search this
Medium:
8mm Film (a): acetate film;
Film Reel (b): plastic;
Film Container (c): plastic
Dimensions:
Duration: 27 Minutes
Length (Film): 369 Feet
Type:
home movies
Place depicted:
Madrid, Spain, Europe
Paris, Île-de-France, France, Europe
Rome, Italy, Europe
Pompeii, Napoli, Italy, Europe
Costiera Amalfitana, Salerno, Italy, Europe
Lisbon, Portugal, Europe
Tanger, Tanger-Tetouan, Morocco, North Africa, Africa
Date:
ca. 1953
Topic:
African American  Search this
Actors  Search this
Families  Search this
Film  Search this
Marching bands (Music)  Search this
Military  Search this
Religion  Search this
Travel  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.31.3.27.1abc
Restrictions & Rights:
© Michael Holman
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Michael Holman Family Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd55519d6bb-c749-48d8-b2ab-3f71bf0700ff
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.31.3.27.1abc

Union Prisoners at Salisbury, N.C.

Maker:
Sarony, Major, & Knapp  Search this
Artist:
Botticher, Otto  Search this
Measurements:
image: 21 in x 37 1/2 in; 53.34 cm x 95.25 cm
Object Name:
Lithograph
Object Type:
Lithograph
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1863
Subject:
Architecture  Search this
Eating  Search this
Patriotism and Patriotic Symbols  Search this
Chronology: 1860-1869  Search this
Pets  Search this
Uniforms, Military  Search this
Civil War  Search this
Furnishings  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Architecture, Domestic Buildings  Search this
Games  Search this
Dogs  Search this
Related event:
Civil War  Search this
Credit Line:
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
ID Number:
DL.60.3741
Catalog number:
60.3741
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Clothing & Accessories
Domestic Furnishings
Military
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-25f0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_326070

Andrew Jackson before Judge Hall, at New Orleans, 1815, (painting)

Artist:
Schussele, C.  Search this
Subject:
Jackson, Andrew  Search this
Hall, Dominick A  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
History--United States  Search this
Portrait male  Search this
Occupation--Military  Search this
Occupation--Law--Judge  Search this
Control number:
AECI 06810001
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_aeci_116259

Buonaparte's Retreat from Moscow, (painting)

Artist:
O., E.  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Exhibition Catalogs
Date:
1876
Topic:
History--France--Napoleon  Search this
State of Being--Evil--War  Search this
Architecture--Military--Battlefield  Search this
Control number:
AECI 02070212
Data Source:
Pre-1877 Art Exhibition Catalogue Index
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_aeci_42297

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By