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Kraushaar Galleries records, 1877-2006

Creator:
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Wilson, Ralph L.  Search this
Fausett, Dean  Search this
Lasker, Joe  Search this
Murdock, Roland P.  Search this
Phillips, Duncan  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Smith, Vernon  Search this
Robinson, Boardman  Search this
Lechay, James  Search this
Laurent, Robert  Search this
Hartell, John  Search this
Cantene, David  Search this
Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest)  Search this
Kraushaar, Antoinette M.  Search this
Harrison, Preston  Search this
Heliker, John  Search this
Williams, Esther  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin  Search this
Glackens, Edith  Search this
Navas, Elizabeth S.  Search this
DeLonga, Leonard  Search this
Evett, Kenneth Warnock  Search this
Halberstadt, Ernst  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Morris, Carl  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée  Search this
Smalley, David  Search this
Flannery, Vaughn  Search this
Cowles, Russell  Search this
Penney, James  Search this
Beal, Gifford  Search this
Bacon, Peggy  Search this
Beal, Reynolds  Search this
Hardy, Thomas  Search this
Glackens, William J.  Search this
Prendergast, Charles  Search this
Demuth, Charles  Search this
Albrizio, Humbert  Search this
Lachaise, Gaston  Search this
Bignou, Etienne  Search this
Kirsch, Frederick D. (Frederick Dwight)  Search this
Sloan, John  Search this
Allard, J.  Search this
Bouché, Louis  Search this
Juley, Peter A.  Search this
Stanley, Alix W.  Search this
Arnest, Bernard  Search this
Brueming, Karen  Search this
Miller, Harriette  Search this
Kraushaar, John F.  Search this
Guillaume, Paul  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Toledo Museum of Art  Search this
Cleveland Museum of Art  Search this
Wichita Art Museum  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
New Britain Institute  Search this
Ernest Brown and Co.  Search this
Carnegie Institute  Search this
University of Nebraska--Lincoln  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Drawings
Exhibition catalogs
Financial records
Notes
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Depressions -- 1929  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7781
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209946
AAA_collcode_kraugall
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209946
Online Media:

American Artists Group records, 1934-1965

Creator:
American Artists Group  Search this
Subject:
Ahgupuk, George Aden  Search this
Anderson, C. W. (Clarence William)  Search this
Avery, Ralph Hillyer  Search this
Babcock, R. Fayerweather  Search this
Bailey, Merrill A.  Search this
Bakós, Józef  Search this
Barker, Ken  Search this
Behncke, Nile Jurgen  Search this
Bemelmans, Ludwig  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Bolton, Clarence  Search this
Botke, Cornelius  Search this
Botke, Jessie Arms  Search this
Boyd, Fiske  Search this
Buff, Conrad  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Bye, Ranulph  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton  Search this
Cosgrave, John O'Hara  Search this
Curry, John Steuart  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore  Search this
Denison, Harold  Search this
Detwiller, Fred  Search this
Dows, Olin  Search this
Dubois, Yvonne Pène  Search this
Duvoisin, Roger  Search this
Dwight, Mabel  Search this
Eby, Kerr  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Enright, Walter J. (Walter Joseph)  Search this
Sawyer, Helen  Search this
Fitzpatrick, Daniel Robert  Search this
Freeman, Don  Search this
Funk, Tom  Search this
Gaige, Richard  Search this
Ganso, Emil  Search this
Golden, Samuel  Search this
Golinkin, Joseph W. (Joseph Webster)  Search this
Gordon, Witold  Search this
Grant, Gordon  Search this
Grant, Vernon  Search this
Harmon, Jim  Search this
Hatfield, Dalzell  Search this
Helik, Peter  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Hunt, Peter  Search this
Huntley, Victoria Hutson  Search this
Jacobs, Elmer  Search this
Johnstone, Ralph Wilbur  Search this
Karasz, Ilonka  Search this
Kent, Norman  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
King, Nettie  Search this
Kleiber, Hans  Search this
Klitgaard, Georgina  Search this
Kloss, Gene  Search this
Komroff, Manuel  Search this
Kotula, Jo  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Kronengold, Adolph  Search this
Kuehne, Max  Search this
Lahey, Richard  Search this
Landacre, Paul  Search this
Landon, Edward  Search this
Latham, Barbara  Search this
Laughlin, Margaret  Search this
Lederer, Wolfgang  Search this
Lenski, Lois  Search this
Lewicki, James  Search this
Loeffler, Gisella  Search this
Luce, C. A.  Search this
Luneau, Omer Joachim  Search this
Markham, Kyra  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Mays, Maxwell  Search this
Morris, Dudley  Search this
Naegele, Thomas  Search this
Nason, Thomas W. (Thomas Willoughby)  Search this
Nesbitt, Alexander  Search this
Neville, Vera  Search this
Neufeld, Woldemar  Search this
Newcombe, Warren  Search this
Newton, Edith Whittlesey  Search this
Nichols, Dale  Search this
Nichols, Hobart  Search this
Nicolett, Frank L.  Search this
Nordmark, Olle  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Pajaud, William E.  Search this
Paull, Grace  Search this
Pellew, John C.  Search this
Pennoyer, A. Sheldon (Albert Sheldon)  Search this
Pescheret, Leon Rene  Search this
Petroff, Gilmer  Search this
Pike, John  Search this
Pitz, Henry Clarence  Search this
Plummer, Virginia  Search this
Poray, Stan  Search this
Prentiss, Tina  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Rees, Rosalie  Search this
Reynard, Grant T.  Search this
Rogers, John  Search this
Roland, Conrad  Search this
Ronnebeck, Arnold  Search this
Rose, Ruth Starr  Search this
Rosenberg, James N. (James Naumburg)  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty  Search this
Ross, Sanford  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée  Search this
Ruzicka, Rudolph  Search this
Kantor, Martha Ryther  Search this
Sample, Paul  Search this
Santo, Patsy  Search this
Schaldach, William Joseph  Search this
Schreiber, Georges  Search this
Shane, Fred  Search this
Sharp, John  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Sheets, Millard  Search this
Shelton, Alphonse Joseph  Search this
Shepler, Dwight  Search this
Shevis, William  Search this
Shokler, Harry  Search this
Sinclair, Gerrit Van W.  Search this
Slotnick, Mortimer H.  Search this
Smith, Bissell Phelps  Search this
Soderberg, Ynve Edward  Search this
Sternberg, Harry  Search this
Thieme, Anthony  Search this
Ulreich, Nura Woodson  Search this
Vorst, Joseph Paul  Search this
Walker, Maynard  Search this
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich)  Search this
Wengenroth, Stow  Search this
Wheelock, Warren  Search this
Whorf, John  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton)  Search this
Wiggins, Myra Albert  Search this
Wilson, Edward Arthur  Search this
Woiceske, Ronau William  Search this
Woodward, Stanley Wingate  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Marketing -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Reproduction  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6979
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209108
AAA_collcode_amerartg
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209108

Thomas B. Clarke letters from or about Homer Dodge Martin, 1893-1897

Creator:
Clarke, Thomas B. (Thomas Benedict), 1848-1931,  Search this
Martin, Homer Dodge, 1836-1897  Search this
Subject:
Macbeth, William  Search this
Martin, Homer Dodge  Search this
Topic:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art patrons -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7029
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209162
AAA_collcode_clartbhm
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209162
Online Media:

Thomas Benedict Clarke scrapbooks, 1880-1936, bulk bulk 1883-1920

Creator:
Clarke, Thomas B. (Thomas Benedict), 1848-1931,  Search this
Subject:
Inness, George  Search this
Vereshchagin, Vasili Vasilevich  Search this
Smyth, Frederick  Search this
Barye, Antoine-Louis  Search this
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Lambs (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Exposition universelle internationale de 1900 (Paris, France)  Search this
Union League Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Lincoln Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Merchants Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7030
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209163
AAA_collcode_clarthom
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209163
Online Media:

Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center records, 1919-1983

Creator:
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center  Search this
Subject:
Lothrop, Stanley B.  Search this
Parker, Paul  Search this
Penrose, Spencer, 1865-1939  Search this
Stoner, Stanley  Search this
Wilder, Mitchell A.  Search this
Bartlett, Fred S. (Frederic Stewart)  Search this
Byrnes, James B.  Search this
Broadmoor Art Academy  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9827
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212289
AAA_collcode_colospri
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212289

Spanish Colonial Revival School Chair

Title (Spanish):
Silla en el Estilo Colonial Español
Originator:
Taos Municipal School  Search this
Maker:
Sisneros, H.  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
varnish (overall material)
colonial revival (overall style)
chip-carved (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
average spatial: 33 3/4 in x 15 7/8 in x 18 1/2 in; 85.725 cm x 40.3225 cm x 46.99 cm
Object Name:
chair
Place Made:
United States: New Mexico, Taos, Taos
Date made:
1945-1946
Subject:
Tourist Trade  Search this
Furniture  Search this
Hispanic  Search this
Education  Search this
Related Publication:
Morrison, Howard. American Encounters: A Companion to the Exhibition at the National Museum of American History
ID Number:
1991.0712.01
Accession number:
1991.0712
Catalog number:
1991.0712.01
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Ethnic
Cultures & Communities
Domestic Furnishings
Mexican America
Art
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-cf20-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1142764

Medal, World War II Victory Medal

Materials:
Copper Alloy
Silk
Dimensions:
3-D (Individual Decoration): 7.9 × 3.8 × 0.5cm (3 1/8 × 1 1/2 × 3/16 in.)
3-D (Grouping): 8.3 × 14 × 1.3cm (3 1/4 × 5 1/2 × 1/2 in.)
Storage: 19.5 × 15.2 × 5.1cm (7 11/16 × 6 × 2 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Mrs. Audrey Balchen
Inventory Number:
A19950123000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv97b76ca58-36e7-4996-afa4-8d9bf26c3acb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19950123000
Online Media:

Medal, King Christian X Medal of Freedom

Materials:
Silver
Silk
Copper Alloy
Dimensions:
3-D (Individual Decoration): 8.3 × 2.5 × 0.5cm (3 1/4 × 1 × 3/16 in.)
3-D (Grouping): 8.3 × 14 × 1.3cm (3 1/4 × 5 1/2 × 1/2 in.)
Storage: 19.5 × 15.2 × 6.4cm (7 11/16 × 6 × 2 1/2 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
Denmark
Credit Line:
Donated by Mrs. Audrey Balchen
Inventory Number:
A19950124000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv924158408-b2ce-472d-91a1-13b4fe2a8b68
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19950124000
Online Media:

Medal, Defence Medal 1940-1945

Materials:
Copper Alloy
Silk
Dimensions:
3-D (Individual Decoration): 8.1 × 3.5 × 0.5cm (3 3/16 × 1 3/8 × 3/16 in.)
3-D (Grouping): 8.3 × 14 × 1.3cm (3 1/4 × 5 1/2 × 1/2 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
Denmark
Credit Line:
Donated by Mrs. Audrey Balchen
Inventory Number:
A19950125000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9bf2a7d99-d285-4db2-b213-f724b7e80c07
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19950125000
Online Media:

Medal, American Legion Honor Victory Medal

Materials:
Silver Alloy
Synthetic Fabric
Copper Alloy
Enamel
Dimensions:
3-D: 7.9 × 3.8 × 1cm (3 1/8 × 1 1/2 × 3/8 in.)
Storage: 10.8 × 8.3 × 2.5cm (4 1/4 × 3 1/4 × 1 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Mrs. Audrey Balchen
Inventory Number:
A19950126000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9a35aea6f-bb05-4c04-ad24-fb47ed9d3b3e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19950126000
Online Media:

Telescoping Shopping Cart Collection

Creator:
Watson, Orla E., 1896-1983  Search this
Watson, Edith, (estate of)  Search this
Names:
Telescope Carts, Inc.  Search this
Western Machine Company  Search this
Goldman, Sylvan  Search this
O'Donnell, George  Search this
Taylor, Fred  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (2 boxes, 1 oversized folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Patents
Photographs
Date:
1946-1983
2000
Scope and Contents:
The Telescoping Shopping Cart Collection, 1946-1983; 2000, provides information relating to the development of the product and the legal challenges encountered by its creator, Orla E. Watson, in the patenting, licensing, and manufacturing process.

The collection is divided into three series: Series 1: Background Information, 1983;2000; Series 2: Business Records, 1946-1979; and Series 3: Legal Records, 1946-1966.

Series 1: Background Information, 1983; 2000, contains two items, a document entitled Brief History of the Telescopic Grocery Cart, authored by Leslie S. Simmons, personal representative, Edith Watson estate, 2000, and Orla E. Watson's death certificate, 1983.

Series 2: Business Records, 1946-1979, contains information on the finances and operations of Telescope Carts, Inc. and the development and marketing of the telescoping cart. Materials include royalty and income tax statements of Orla E. and Edith Watson, business correspondence, a time line of cart development, blueprints, patents, details about the patent process, and marketing and publicity materials of brochures and photographs.

Series 3: Legal Records, 1946-1966, contains material relating to the manufacture and licensing of telescope carts, and legal challenges to both the company and Orla E. Watson, including the challenges to the patent process spearheaded by Sylvan Goldman, and the evidence collected for Watson's claim for a tax refund from the Internal Revenue Service.
Arrangement:
Divided into 3 series

Series 1: Background information, 1983, 2000

Series 2: Business Records, 1946-1979

Series 3; Legal Records, 1946-1966
Biographical / Historical:
The first shopping cart in the United States was developed in the late 1930s and patented by Sylvan Goldman of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Goldman received US Patent 2,155,896 in April 1939 for a "combination basket and carriage" and in April of 1940 he received US Patent 2,196,914 for a "folding basket carriage for self-service stores." It consisted of upper and lower baskets placed atop a folding frame similar to that of a folding chair with wheels. Following use, the baskets would be removed and stacked with others and the frame folded. Prior to each use the baskets and the frame needed to be assembled.

In 1946, Orla E. Watson, of Kansas City, MO, devised a plan for a telescoping shopping cart which did not require assembly or disassembly of its parts before and after use; this cart could be fitted into another cart for compact storage, hence the cart descriptor. The hinged side of the baskets allowed the telescoping. Watson's Western Machine Company made examples of this invention, and the first ones were manufactured and put to use in Floyd Day's Super Market in 1947.

Alongside the telescoping cart, Watson developed the power lift which raised the lower basket on the two-basket telescoping cart to counter height while lifting the upper basket out of the cashier's way at the check out counter. This made moving groceries, before the invention of the automatic conveyor belt, easier for the customer and the cashier. Watson manufactured and sold the power lift in 1947, but then discontinued efforts on the invention to focus on the telescoping cart. The patent application was abandoned and never granted.

The manufacturing, distribution, and sales of Watson's telescoping carts was handled by Telescope Carts Inc., established in 1947 by Watson, his partner, Fred Taylor, and George O'Donnell. The company had difficulty with the manufacture and sale of the carts, as authorized suppliers were not making carts of the quality expected. Other manufacturers saw an opportunity, and soon telescoped carts were being made and sold by unlicensed parties despite Watson's pending patent.

Watson applied for a patent on his shopping cart invention in 1946, but Goldman contested it and filed an application for a similar patent. In 1949 Goldman relinquished his rights to the patent and granted them to Watson. In exchange, Goldman received licensing rights in addition to the three other licenses previously granted; Watson continued to receive royalties for each cart produced.

The royalties Watson received for each cart manufactured led to his 1954 claim against the Internal Revenue Service, for refund of taxes paid on the profits of his invention, as a Congressional bill changed the status of invention-derived income from ordinary income to capital gains, thereby lowering the taxes owed.

Orla E. Watson was born in 1896, and after attending Nevada Business College for one year, he worked as a stock clerk in a hardware store in Kansas City, then joined the Army until 1918, when he entered a series of jobs as machinist, layout man, forman. He tinkered with mechanical inventions on the side (such as a Model T Ford timer). In 1933, he opened his own business making air conditioners, but he took two more jobs before opening Western Machine Co., a machine shop and contract manufacturing business in 1946.

He had also applied for and was granted four patents prior to the telescoping shopping cart, for mechanical valves, pumps, and gauges, none of which were ever licensed or manufactured.

Orla E. Watson died January 17, 1983.
Separated Materials:
The National Museum of American History's Division of Culture and the Arts houses original shopping carts created by Sylvan Goldman and Orla E. Watson.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History in July, 2000, by the estate of Edith Watson, through Leslie S. Simmons, personal representative. The two telescoping Watson carts were donated in July 2000 by Leslie S. Simmons, personal representative, Edith Watson estate.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Shopping carts  Search this
Retail trade -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Grocery trade  Search this
Container industry -- Equipment and supplies -- 1940-2000  Search this
Supermarkets -- 1940-2000  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Patents -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1940-2000
Citation:
Telescoping Shopping Cart Collection, 1946-1983, 2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0739
See more items in:
Telescoping Shopping Cart Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0739
Online Media:

Thomas B. Clarke letters from or about Homer Dodge Martin

Creator:
Clarke, Thomas B. (Thomas Benedict), 1848-1931  Search this
Names:
Macbeth, William, 1851-1917  Search this
Martin, Homer Dodge, 1836-1897  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1893-1897
Summary:
The Thomas B. Clarke letters from or about Homer Dodge Martin measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1893-1897. Twenty-two letters from Martin to art collector and patron Thomas B. Clarke, document Martin's work, his financial struggles, and his physical and mental condition in the last 5 years of his life. Additional letters to and from others further illuminate Martin's relationship with Clarke and provide insight into his financial affairs and the increasingly favorable market for the painter's work just prior to and following his death in 1897.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection measures 0.2 linear feet, including 22 letters from Homer Martin to art patron Thomas Clarke, and dates from 1893-1897. Since Martin kept no diaires or sales ledgers himself, the letters are invaluable in understanding his painting, financial struggles, and his physical and mental condition in the last 5 years of his life. Additional letters from Martin's son, Ralph, his wife, Elizabeth, and gallery owner William Macbeth, and a letter from Martin to his friend Montgomery Schuyler, further illuminate Clarke's activities as a dealer and patron of Martin's work, and provide insight into Martin's financial affairs and the increasingly favorable market for the painter's work just prior to and following his death in 1897.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 1 series:

Series 1: Thomas B. Clarke Letters From or About Homer Dodge Martin, 1893-1897 (Box 1; 9 folders)
Biographical Note:
Thomas Benedict Clarke (1848-1931) was a New York prosperous merchant who began collecting American art in the 1870s. Over the course of the next 20 years he actively traded, loaned, and sold artwork through dealers in New York City, outlets in Worcester, Cincinnati and St. Louis, and with artists. He also shared his collection through public and private exhibitions in New York and elsewhere. He earned praise from the critics for being the foremost patron of American painters during the late 1800s and was praised by many painters for his attention to American artists at a time when they considered themselves neglected or ignored.

Hudson River School painter Homer Dodge Martin (1836-1897) was one of the artists for whom Clarke acted as patron. Martin studied briefly with James Hart and spent his summers during the 1860s sketching in the Adirondacks, the Catskills and the White Mountains and then painted landscapes from the sketches he made at his studio in New York City's Tenth Street Studio Building.

In 1876 he took his first trip to Europe and from 1882-1886 lived in Normandy, France. There he was influenced both by the Barbizon school of painting and the Impressionists and his painting took on darker, more melancholy tones.

By 1887 Martin had returned to New York and in 1893 moved to St. Paul, Minnesota. During the 1890s Martin was plagued by ill health and financial struggles. A dead optic nerve in one eye and a cataract in the other, left him close to blindness when he died in February 1897. At the time of his death two of his greatest paintings, Westchester Hills (circa 1887) and Harp of the Winds (1895), remained unsold and another, Adirondack Scenery (1895) had been bought by Clarke for circa $400.

In 1890, Clarke had dissolved his dry-goods partnership, Clarke & King, and announced that he would no longer deal in American pictures except as an agent for George Inness. Clarke opened a showroom known as "Art House" in 1891 on Fifth Avenue in New York City, and began dealing primarily in Oriental porcelains and Greek antiquities. The Martin letters are one source of evidence that Clarke did, however, continue to deal in American art as a private agent through Macbeth Gallery and others. A letter written on Clarke's behalf to Martin dated April 17, 1896, stated that he had contacted Samuel P. Avery on Martin's behalf, and suggested that he consign his paintings to Avery, rather than having Clarke promote them himself.

In January 1899 Clarke announced that he would dispose of his American pictures at auction following a week long exhibition at the American Art Association. In February 1899, 7 of the 10 Homer Martin paintings in Clarke's possession were sold at that auction, including Adirondack Scenery for $5500. Within two years of his death, Martin's Harp of the Winds was acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

In addition to the Metropolitan Museum, Martin's work can be found in other important American museums including the Addison Gallery of American Art, the Albany Institute of History and Art, the Cleveland Museum of Art, and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. He became a member of the National Academy of Design in 1874 and was one of the founders of the Society of American Artists.
Related Material:
The James Stillman letters relating to Homer Dodge Martin have also been digitized and are available online via the Archives of American Art's website. Additional material relating to Homer Dodge Martin, including correspondence with Thomas B. Clarke and Elizabeth Martin, can be found in the Macbeth Gallery records at AAA.
Provenance:
Most of the letters were donated by Charles Feinberg in 1957. Four additional letters were given to the Archives by Irving Burton in 1967.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Thomas B. Clarke letters from or about Homer Dodge Martin are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art patrons -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
Thomas B. Clarke letters from or about Homer Dodge Martin, 1893-1897. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.clartbhm
See more items in:
Thomas B. Clarke letters from or about Homer Dodge Martin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-clartbhm
Online Media:

Celebrating the Power of Free Expression: Al-Mutanabbi Street

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-02-21T14:41:17Z
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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SmithsonianGlobal
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Smithsonian Institution
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NMAI Art Market

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2012-08-30T21:08:41Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
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National Museum of the American Indian
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Plastic Wiphala

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-02-09T14:26:42Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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SmithsonianNMAI
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National Museum of the American Indian
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Freer’s Asian Ceramics Reconsidered

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2018-04-16T14:48:58Z
Topic:
Art, Asian  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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FreerSackler
YouTube Channel:
FreerSackler
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
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Amateur films from Mexico, 1935-1941

Creator:
Archives of American Art  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2012-08-16T13:41:54Z
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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SmithsonianAAA
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SmithsonianAAA
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Archives of American Art
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Beyond Images of Beauty: Women’s Lives in Edo-Period Japan

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-06-10T23:24:13Z
Topic:
Art, Asian  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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FreerSackler
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FreerSackler
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
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Brand New SW: No Kings Collective, NoMüNoMü, and SUPERWAXX

Creator:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2018-04-23T17:44:26Z
Topic:
Art, modern  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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hirshhornmuseum
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hirshhornmuseum
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Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
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Inventing Utamaro: A Japanese Masterpiece Rediscovered

Creator:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-06-22T21:57:21Z
Topic:
Art, Asian  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
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FreerSackler
YouTube Channel:
FreerSackler
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
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edanmdm:yt_LqFmHqJ5Cz4

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