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La Destinée de Carl Brouard

Title:
Book from the library of artist Loïs Mailou Jones
Written by:
Roger Gaillard, Haitian, 1923 - 2000  Search this
Published by:
Maison Henri Deschamps, Haitian, founded 1898  Search this
Owned by:
Loïs Mailou Jones, American, 1905 - 1998  Search this
Signed by:
Roger Gaillard, Haitian, 1923 - 2000  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper, metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 7/8 × 5 3/16 × 1/4 in. (20 × 13.1 × 0.6 cm)
Type:
paperbacks
Date:
1966
Topic:
African American  Search this
Art  Search this
Design  Search this
Literature  Search this
Photography  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.26.5.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5c512c363-7d31-4144-b257-0d959b8df78a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.26.5.16

Axe head/Votive axe

Culture/People:
probably Chican Ostionoid (Chicoid) (archaeological culture) (attributed)  Search this
Auction venue:
Hotel Drouot  Search this
Previous owner:
Gimbels (Gimbel Brothers), 1887-1987  Search this
Gimbels (Gimbel Brothers), 1887-1987  Search this
Object Name:
Axe head/Votive axe
Media/Materials:
Stone
Techniques:
Pecked, ground, carved
Dimensions:
50 x 10 x 4 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Haiti
Archipelago:
Greater Antilles
Island Name:
Hispaniola
Geographical Areas:
Caribbean Islands (West Indies)
Date created:
AD 800-1500
Catalog Number:
20/3670
Barcode:
203670.000
See related items:
Chican Ostionoid (Chicoid) (archaeological culture)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68dd30d08-36fe-4ae7-a84c-895d2b3b0a68
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_217507
Online Media:

Drum

Culture/People:
Afro-Haitian  Search this
Previous owner:
Haitian Art Center  Search this
Seller:
Haitian Art Center  Search this
Object Name:
Drum
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Haiti
Archipelago:
Greater Antilles
Island Name:
Hispaniola
Geographical Areas:
Caribbean Islands (West Indies)
Catalog Number:
21/7874
Barcode:
217874.000
See related items:
Afro-Haitian
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws640b0947c-17ac-404f-b390-c19edd0b827e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_232675
Online Media:

Drum

Culture/People:
Afro-Haitian  Search this
Previous owner:
Haitian Art Center  Search this
Seller:
Haitian Art Center  Search this
Object Name:
Drum
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Haiti
Archipelago:
Greater Antilles
Island Name:
Hispaniola
Geographical Areas:
Caribbean Islands (West Indies)
Catalog Number:
21/7875
Barcode:
217875.000
See related items:
Afro-Haitian
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68016ccfc-796f-48e3-a08e-294d4853c39d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_232676
Online Media:

Jar

Culture/People:
probably Non-Indian (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Lewis Krevolin, Non-Indian, 1933-2017  Search this
Donor:
Lewis Krevolin, Non-Indian, 1933-2017  Search this
Object Name:
Jar
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Modeled
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Port-au-Prince; Port-au-Prince Arrondissement; Ouest Department; Haiti
Archipelago:
Greater Antilles
Island Name:
Hispaniola
Geographical Areas:
Caribbean Islands (West Indies)
Catalog Number:
24/9470
Barcode:
249470.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws604ca81c5-bec8-41ca-bd24-38c921c10146
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_265289
Online Media:

Paul F. Keene papers

Creator:
Keene, Paul F., Jr., 1920-2009  Search this
Extent:
1 microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1940-1987
Scope and Contents:
This microfilm collection of the papers of African American painter and educator Paul F. Keene consists of correspondence regarding Keene's application for the Whitney Fellowship, Mr. Whitney's purchase of a painting, and a letter from Humbert Howard regarding an award and exhibition of Keene's painting at the Pyramid Club; diplomas; and painting inventories. Also included is a scrapbook containing portraits of Keene as a student, his time in Paris, and of his exhibitions, as well as a letter from the Whitney regarding an exhibition. Photographs and printed material are also included in the collection. Photographs depict Keene's paintings; family; students at Tyler; Keene and fellow artists in front of Galerie Huit in Paris; Keene's apartment; friends in Paris and Haiti; and Keene teaching at Philadelphia College of Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Paul F. Keene, Jr. (1902-2009) was an African American painter and educator in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A Tuskegee Airman in WWII, Keene used his G.I. Bill to study at Academie Julian in Paris. While in Paris, he was a founding member of Galerie Huit, a collective gallery for American artists. Keene received a John J. Whitney fellowhip and studied and taught in Haiti from 1952-1954. He also exhibited his work while there. Upon his return to the United States, Keene taught at the Philadelphia College of Art, the Tyler School of Art at Temple University, and at Bucks County Community College.
Provenance:
Microfilmed in 1988 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.keenpaul
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-keenpaul

Pitcairnia samuelssonii L.B. Sm.

Collector:
Dennis E. Breedlove  Search this
Erik L. Ekman  Search this
Oscar L. Haught  Search this
Ellsworth P. Killip  Search this
L. Ariza-Julia  Search this
Preparation:
pen and ink
Collection Date:
1926, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1965
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Bromeliaceae Pitcairnioideae
Published Name:
Pitcairnia samuelssonii L.B. Sm.
Pitcairnia haughtii L.B. Sm.
Pitcairnia chocoensis L.B. Sm. ex H. Luther, nom. illeg.
Pitcairnia breedlovei L.B. Sm.
Pitcairnia kniphofioides L.B. Sm.
Pitcairnia jimenezii L.B. Sm.
Other Numbers:
Botanical Art Plate Link : 2498
See more items in:
Botany
Non-specimen graphic
Botanical Art
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3eb7ec7a3-ee1b-45c5-adcd-2c6c489df2e7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11118203

Vriesea didistichoides (Mez) L.B. Sm.

Collector:
P. K. Dusén  Search this
Erik L. Ekman  Search this
Preparation:
pen and ink
Collection Date:
1910, 1925
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Poales Bromeliaceae Tillandsioideae
Published Name:
Vriesea didistichoides (Mez) L.B. Sm.
Vriesea fragrans (André) L.B. Sm.
Vriesea drepanocarpa (Baker) Mez
Other Numbers:
Botanical Art Plate Link : 2894
See more items in:
Botany
Non-specimen graphic
Botanical Art
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a19d8f38-f65f-4d11-84ae-7a45f70aa3f1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_11118533

Lois Mailou Jones scrapbooks, 1922-1992

Creator:
Jones, Lois Mailou, 1905-1998  Search this
Subject:
Bernard, Emile  Search this
Howard University  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
African American art -- African influences  Search this
African American art -- European influences  Search this
Art, Haitian  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9983
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212709
AAA_collcode_jonelois
Theme:
Women
African American
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212709

Paul F. Keene papers, circa 1940-1987

Creator:
Keene, Paul F., 1920-2009  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10164
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213147
AAA_collcode_keenpaul
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213147

Ébène: Essai

Title:
Book from the library of artist Loïs Mailou Jones
Written by:
Dr. René Piquion, Haitian, 1906 - 2001  Search this
Published by:
Maison Henri Deschamps, Haitian, founded 1898  Search this
Owned by:
Loïs Mailou Jones, American, 1905 - 1998  Search this
Signed by:
Dr. René Piquion, Haitian, 1906 - 2001  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 11/16 × 5 5/16 × 9/16 in. (19.5 × 13.5 × 1.5 cm)
Type:
paperbacks
Place printed:
Haiti, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Date:
1976
Topic:
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Design  Search this
Folklife  Search this
Identity  Search this
Literature  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.26.5.30
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a80db021-40c2-454e-9ea2-da6553b48f15
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.26.5.30

Lois Mailou Jones scrapbooks

Creator:
Jones, Lois Mailou, 1905-1998  Search this
Names:
Howard University  Search this
Bernard, Emile, 1868-1941  Search this
Extent:
5 microfilm reels (27 volumes on 5 microfilm reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Scrapbooks
Place:
Africa, French-speaking West -- Description and Travel
Date:
1922-1992
Scope and Contents:
This microfilm collection contains Lois Mailou Jones' scrapbooks documenting her career as an African American artist and educator. Scrapbooks contain correspondence (1928-1992) primarily regarding Jones' exhibitions, Howard University, and her art education in Paris, and include a letter and photograph from Emile Bernard; photographs of Jones in her Washington, D.C. and Paris studios, her work, and her extensive travels through Africa and Haiti; and printed material including exhibition announcements, catalogs, and clippings (1922-1992) of reviews, interviews, and articles on the European and African influences in her work. Also included are her resume, materials submitted for the Rosenwald Fellowship, and notes related to her coordination of the 1974 exhibition Paintings by Women Artists of the Caribbean and Afro-American Women Artists.
Biographical / Historical:
Lois Mailou Jones (1905-1998) was an African American painter, designer, and educator in Washington, DC. Jones studied at the Boston Museum School of Fine Arts and at the Academie Julian in Paris. She was professor of design and watercolor at Howard University from 1930-1977. She married Haitian graphic designer Vergniaud Pierre-Noel in 1953 and the couple frequently returned to Haiti. In 1970 she served as cultural ambassador to Africa for the United States Information Agency.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming by Lois Mailou Jones, 1990 and 1992.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
African American art -- African influences  Search this
African American art -- European influences  Search this
Art, Haitian  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.jonelois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jonelois

Ellis Wilson papers, 1922-1959, bulk 1940s

Creator:
Wilson, Ellis, 1899-1977  Search this
Subject:
Locke, Alain  Search this
Van Vechten, Carl  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Painting, American -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8673
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210853
AAA_collcode_wilselli
Theme:
African American
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210853
Online Media:

Helen L. Kohen papers, 1978-1996

Creator:
Kohen, Helen L.  Search this
Subject:
Slobodkina, Esphyr  Search this
Shapiro, Joel  Search this
Strasser, Barbara  Search this
Spitzer, David D.  Search this
Scharf, Kenny  Search this
Schaaf, William  Search this
Scull, Sahara  Search this
Scull, Haydée  Search this
Muñoz, Celia Alvarez  Search this
Trasobares, César  Search this
Sullivan, G. L.  Search this
Valdez-Fauli, Dora  Search this
Sanchez, Emilio  Search this
Bedia, José  Search this
Blaine, Michael  Search this
Blazer, Wendy  Search this
Brito, Maria  Search this
Cano, Margarita  Search this
Cano, Pablo  Search this
Carulla, Ramón  Search this
Castagliola, Maria E.  Search this
Corone, Matthew  Search this
Couper, James M.  Search this
Cubiles, Miguel  Search this
De Monte, Claudia  Search this
Delehanty, Suzanne  Search this
Demi  Search this
Duval-Carrié, Edouard  Search this
Eisenstaedt, Alfred  Search this
Alfonzo, Carlos  Search this
Alexander, Jane  Search this
Anthony, Carol  Search this
Algaze, Mario Arturo  Search this
Orr-Cahall, Christina  Search this
Marisol  Search this
Morgan, Andrew Wesley  Search this
Pellon, Gina  Search this
Riverón, Enrique  Search this
Paik, Nam June  Search this
Paparelli, Janet  Search this
Rodríguez, Arturo  Search this
Rojo, Damian  Search this
Riverón, Noella  Search this
Rodriguez, Vivian  Search this
Salinas, Baruj  Search this
Rubell, Jason  Search this
Rubio, Lydia  Search this
Gelfman, Lynn Golub  Search this
García, Fernando A.  Search this
Frohnmayer, John  Search this
Fernández, Agustin  Search this
Gutierrez, M. (Marta)  Search this
Gottlieb-Roberts, Marilyn Patricia  Search this
González, Juan  Search this
Gillman, Barbara Seitlin  Search this
Juarez, Roberto  Search this
Jones, Pat  Search this
Henderson, Shirley  Search this
Leibovitz, Annie  Search this
Lanza, Bianca  Search this
Kuitca, Guillermo  Search this
Kardin, Janet  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Artists -- Haiti  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art critics -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Women art critics -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Cuban American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Cuban American artists -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Artists -- Florida -- Miami -- Interviews  Search this
Artists -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Art -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5418
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216314
AAA_collcode_kohehele
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216314
Online Media:

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Hauke, Cesar M. de (Cesar Mange)  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc.  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co.  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Type:
Gallery records
Topic:
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938 -- Art collections  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L. -- Art collections  Search this
Arenberg, duc d' -- Art collections  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of -- Art collections  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Art dealers -- France -- Paris  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de, 1885-1925  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- France -- Paris  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
9 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 1
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 2
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 3
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 4
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 5
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 6
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 7
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 8
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 9
Online Media:

Richard Dempsey papers, 1929-1989, bulk 1960s-1980s

Creator:
Dempsey, Richard W., 1909-1987  Search this
Subject:
Brooks, Vonja Kirkland  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Perlmutter, Jack  Search this
Waters, Ethel  Search this
Art in Embassies Program (U.S.)  Search this
Clark Atlanta University Art Gallery  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Franz Bader Gallery  Search this
Howard University  Search this
United States  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Poetry
Sketches
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Painting, Abstract -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Jamaica -- Description and Travel  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9942
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212493
AAA_collcode_demprich
Theme:
African American
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212493
Online Media:

Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers

Creator:
Knight, Gwendolyn  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Names:
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Bocour, Leonard, 1910-1993  Search this
Dintenfass, Terry, 1920-  Search this
Eichenberg, Fritz, 1901-1990  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Extent:
25.35 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Date:
1816
1914-2008
bulk 1973-2001
Summary:
The papers of African American painter and educator Jacob Lawrence and his wife, artist Gwendolyn Knight measure 25.35 linear feet and 0.001 GB date from 1914 to 2008, with one item from 1816 and the bulk of the material dating from 1973 to 2001. The collection includes biographical material; correspondence including condolence letters to Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death; writings by Jacob Lawrence and others; printed and digital material; photographs; personal business records; artwork; records from the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project; materials related to the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation; professional files; and material related to awards and honors received by Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of African American painter and educator Jacob Lawrence and his wife, artist Gwendolyn Knight measure 25.35 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1914 to 2008, with one item from 1816 and the bulk of the material dating from 1973 to 2001. The collection includes biographical material; correspondence including condolence letters to Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death; writings by Jacob Lawrence and others; printed and digital material; photographs; personal business records; artwork; records from the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project; materials related to the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation; professional files; and material related to awards and honors received by Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

Biographical material includes appointment and address books; education and personal identification certificates and documents; awards, certificates, curriculum vitae, and chronologies; biographical material related to other individuals, including identification documents and memorial programs; and transcripts of interviews with Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

The correspondence series includes extensive personal and professional correspondence with family, friends, artists, admirers (including students in a number of elementary and middle schools), university students, government agencies, art schools, galleries, museums, publishing houses, and others. Included in this series are condolence letters received by Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death in 2000.

Writings include published and unpublished writings by and about Jacob Lawrence, as well as writings by others. These writings include speeches, notes, essays, articles, lists, and short stories. Also included is a visitor comment book from the Los Angeles County Museum exhibition of Jacob Lawrence's Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass series.

Printed material includes books; brochures; business cards; clippings; exhibition and event announcements, invitations, catalogs, and programs; magazines; newsletters; posters; post cards; and press releases. Books in this collection may include illustrations by Jacob Lawrence or have personal inscriptions from the author to Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

Photographs include photographs of Jacob Lawrence artwork, photographs and reproductions of Gwendolyn Knight artwork, and photographs of Jacob Lawrence, Gwendolyn Knight, and other individuals. Also included in this series are photographs and reproductions of work by others.

Personal business records include a ledger; consignment, financial, and shipping records related to the Terry Dintenfass Gallery; contracts and agreements; and estate documents.

Artwork includes sketches by Jacob Lawrence, a blank sketchbook inscribed by Jacob Lawrence to Gwendolyn Knight, and artwork by other artists.

Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project Records include materials generated by the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project, a non-profit created with the goal of producing a catalogue raisonné (and later, a digital archive) of Jacob Lawrence's work. These records include address books and phone logs; copies of Jacob Lawrence's CV; founding documents, bylaws, and meeting minutes; correspondence; writings, including draft pages of the catalogue raisonné; business records, including employment files, contracts, invoices, insurance, and tax information; printed and digital material; and photographs and artwork.

The Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation and Related Material series includes founding documents and foundation bylaws, correspondence, financial documents, reports, and proposals. Found within this series are materials related to the Lawrence Center for the Visual Arts, a subsidiary foundation of the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation.

Professional files include material related to projects and exhibitions, teaching files and inclusion in curricula, files regarding possible fake Jacob Lawrence works, and gallery files.

The honors series is divided into two subseries: awards and certificates, and government honors. Awards and certificates includes honorary degrees, arts prizes, and any other honors awarded to Jacob Lawrence or Gwendolyn Knight. Government honors include resolutions, proclamations, and keys to cities. Also included in this series are correspondence related to awards and honorary degrees, commencement programs, plaques, and medals.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1914-2005 (Boxes 1, 11, 26, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1943, 1952-2005 (Boxes 1-5, 12-14, 26; 7.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1954-1959, 1973-2005, undated (Boxes 5-6, 14-15; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1816, 1926, 1937, 1945-2008 (Boxes 6-9, 15-17, 26, OV 30, OV 31; 6.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1970-1997, undated (Boxes 9, 17, OV 10; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, 1962-2005 (Boxes 9, 17; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1984, 1990-1994, undated (Boxes 9, 18, 26; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project Records, 1982-2002 (Boxes 18-23, Box 26; 5.1 linear feet, ER01; 0.001 GB)

Series 9: Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation and Related Material, 1997-2005 (Box 23; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 10: Professional Files, 1964-2004 (Boxes 23-24; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 11: Honors, 1948, 1966-2005 (Boxes 24-25, 27-29, OV 30; 2.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Modernist painter and educator Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000) was born in 1917 as Jacob Armstead Lawrence in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He began his art studies at the Utopia Children's Center in New York City's Harlem district where he studied under the painter Charles Alston. Lawrence dropped out of high school at the age of sixteen to continue his art instruction with Alston, this time at the Harlem Art Workshop, where he met several artists associated with the Harlem Renaissance including the sculptor Augusta Savage.

Gwendolyn Knight (1913-2005) was born in Barbados and moved to New York City with her adoptive parents when she was seven. She attended New York's Wadleigh High School and later Howard University in Washington, D.C. where she studied fine arts with Lois Mailou Jones and James Porter. Forced to leave her studies at Howard because of the Depression, Knight returned to Harlem and continued her artistic pursuits in Augusta Savage's workshop. In 1935, Knight joined the Harlem Mural Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) working under Selma Day and Charles Alston. Lawrence and Knight met in Savage's workshop and married in the summer of 1941.

During the Depression, Lawrence also joined the WPA Federal Arts Project in Harlem. Finding WPA murals overwhelming, Lawrence concentrated on traditional painting instead. He produced his first major works in the late 1930s, most notably the Toussaint L'Ouverture series, images that document the life of the revolutionary hero and Haiti's struggle for independence. Other significant works include visual narratives of the lives of abolitionists Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass. In 1940, Lawrence received the prestigious Julius Rosenwald Fellowship, which made it possible for him to purchase his first art studio on 125th Street in the heart of Harlem. He soon portrayed Harlem street life in paintings that became commentaries on the role of African Americans in United States society with highly developed themes of resistance and social opposition. That same year, Lawrence began his most celebrated series, The Migration of the American Negro, multiple tempera panels depicting the exodus of African American sharecroppers in the south to northern industrial cities in search of better employment and social opportunities. Edith Halpert exhibited the works in their entirety at her Downtown Gallery in 1941, establishing Lawrence as the first African American artist to exhibit in a top New York gallery. The following year, New York's Museum of Modern Art and the Phillips Collection in Washington, DC each bought half of the sixty panels in the series, helping to further Lawrence's career within the larger world of American art.

In the summer of 1946, the artist Joseph Albers invited Lawrence to teach at North Carolina's Black Mountain College. It was the first in a series of teaching positions in prestigious art schools including Pratt Institute (1956-1971), Brandeis University (1965), The New School (1966), the Art Students League (1967), and others. During the 1950s and 1960s, Lawrence's work continued to focus on racism and political activism but in the late 1960s shifted to themes of racial harmony.

Both Lawrence and Knight continued independent careers in art. Knight pursued her art studies at the New School in New York and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine. In the mid-1960s, she collaborated with other female artists to form the Studio Gallery in New York City. Knight's main body of work consists of portraits and still-lifes that incorporate expressions of African sculpture, Impressionism, dance, and theater. Focusing on gesture, her art is described as light and airy with a minimum of lines allowing empty space to define the work. In 1970, Lawrence traveled to Seattle to teach as a visiting artist at the University of Washington. He was hired on a permanent basis the following year and remained on staff until his retirement in 1986.

Jacob Lawrence died June 9, 2000, in Seattle, Washington at the age of 83. Gwendolyn Knight continued to paint and exhibit her work around the country until her death on February 18, 2005 in Seattle, Washington at the age of 92.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence conducted by Carroll Greene (1968 October 26), interviews conducted by Avis Berman (1982 July 20-August 4), and an oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight conducted by Paul Karlstrom (1998 November 18). The Archives of American Art also holds a collection of Jacob Lawrence papers, available on microfilm only, reels D286 and 4571-4573. Originals reside at Syracuse University Library, Special Collections.
Provenance:
The Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in five accretions between 1979 and 1997. Additional papers were donated in 2012 by the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation via Barbara Earl Thomas, representative.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Educators -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers, 1816, 1914-2008, bulk 1973-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lawrjaco
See more items in:
Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lawrjaco
Online Media:

Helen L. Kohen papers

Creator:
Kohen, Helen L.  Search this
Names:
Alexander, Jane  Search this
Alfonzo, Carlos, 1950-1991  Search this
Algaze, Mario Arturo, 1947-  Search this
Anthony, Carol  Search this
Bedia, José, 1959-  Search this
Blaine, Michael  Search this
Blazer, Wendy  Search this
Brito, Maria, 1947-  Search this
Cano, Margarita, 1932-  Search this
Cano, Pablo  Search this
Carulla, Ramón, 1938-  Search this
Castagliola, Maria E., 1946-  Search this
Corone, Matthew  Search this
Couper, James M., 1937-  Search this
Cubiles, Miguel  Search this
De Monte, Claudia, 1947-  Search this
Delehanty, Suzanne, 1944-  Search this
Demi, 1955-  Search this
Duval-Carrié, Edouard, 1954-  Search this
Eisenstaedt, Alfred  Search this
Fernández, Agustin, 1928-  Search this
Frohnmayer, John  Search this
García, Fernando A., 1945-  Search this
Gelfman, Lynn Golub  Search this
Gillman, Barbara Seitlin, 1937-  Search this
González, Juan, 1942-1993  Search this
Gottlieb-Roberts, Marilyn Patricia, 1939-  Search this
Gutierrez, M. (Marta)  Search this
Henderson, Shirley  Search this
Jones, Pat  Search this
Juarez, Roberto, 1952-  Search this
Kardin, Janet  Search this
Kuitca, Guillermo, 1961-  Search this
Lanza, Bianca  Search this
Leibovitz, Annie, 1949-  Search this
Marisol, 1930-  Search this
Morgan, Andrew Wesley, 1922-  Search this
Muñoz, Celia Alvarez, 1937-  Search this
Orr-Cahall, Christina, 1947-  Search this
Paik, Nam June, 1932-  Search this
Paparelli, Janet  Search this
Pellon, Gina  Search this
Riverón, Enrique  Search this
Riverón, Noella  Search this
Rodriguez, Vivian  Search this
Rodríguez, Arturo, 1956-  Search this
Rojo, Damian  Search this
Rubell, Jason  Search this
Rubio, Lydia, 1946-  Search this
Salinas, Baruj  Search this
Sanchez, Emilio, 1921-1999  Search this
Schaaf, William  Search this
Scharf, Kenny  Search this
Scull, Haydée  Search this
Scull, Sahara  Search this
Shapiro, Joel  Search this
Slobodkina, Esphyr, 1908-2002  Search this
Spitzer, David D.  Search this
Strasser, Barbara  Search this
Sullivan, G. L.  Search this
Trasobares, César  Search this
Valdez-Fauli, Dora  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1978-1996
Summary:
The papers of Miami art critic Helen Kohen date from 1978 through 1996 and contain letters, postcards, exhibition announcements and invitations, and seventy-four untranscribed interviews of artists, dealers, and collectors in the Miami area.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of art historian and critic Helen L. Kohen measure one linear foot and date from 1976 through 1996. They consist primarily of letters, postcards, exhibition announcements and invitations from artists in the Miami area. Also found are eighty-two mini cassette tapes of seventy-four interviews Kohen conducted with art dealers, collectors, contemporary artists, and others in the Miami area as research and background for her newspaper column and other articles
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1954, 1984-1993, undated (Box 1, 10 folders)

Series 2: Printed Material, 1979-1996, undated (Box 1, 3 folders)

Series 3: Photographs, 1969, 1974, 1980-1994 (Box 1, 1 folder)

Series 4: Miscellany, 1983-1992, undated (Box 1 , 1 folder)

Series 5: Taped Interviews, 1986-1996, undated (Box 1, 1 folder and 82 micro-cassettes)
Biographical Note:
Art historian and critic Helen L. Kohen has authored numerous articles on contemporary art focusing on the formation of the art culture in Miami since the early 1980s. Helen L. Kohen is art critic emeritus for the The Miami Herald newspaper in Miami, Florida.
Provenance:
Helen L. Kohen donated her papers to the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution in 1997.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Helen L. Kohen papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists -- Haiti  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Art critics -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Women art critics -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Cuban American artists -- Interviews  Search this
Cuban American artists -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Artists -- Florida -- Miami -- Interviews  Search this
Artists -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Art -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Helen L. Kohen papers, 1978-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kohehele
See more items in:
Helen L. Kohen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kohehele

Keith Warner papers

Creator:
Warner, Keith, 1895-1959  Search this
Names:
"291" (Gallery)  Search this
American Place (Gallery)  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Dorcely, Roland  Search this
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973  Search this
Marin, John, 1870-1953  Search this
Mondrian, Piet, 1872-1944  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia , 1887-1986  Search this
Rosenburg, Paul  Search this
Russell, Morgan, 1886-1953  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Extent:
0.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Sketches
Date:
1935-1975
Summary:
The papers of American art collector Keith Warner measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1935 to 1975. Correspondence, collecting files, and artwork detail Warner's role as a collector of art in the mid-twentieth century. Present in the collection are materials related to Alexander Calder, Roland Dorcely, Stanton MacDonald-Wright, Piet Mondrian, Alfred Stieglitz, and Max Weber.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of American art collector Keith Warner measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1935 to 1975. Correspondence, collecting files, and artwork detail Warner's role as a collector of art in the mid-twentieth century. Present in the collection are materials related to Alexander Calder, Roland Dorcely, Stanton MacDonald-Wright, Piet Mondrian, Alfred Stieglitz, and Max Weber.

Warner's relationships with artists are documented in extensive letters which make up the bulk of the collection. Subjects range from exhibitions, the art market, artists' methods and works, art criticism, and collecting to personal subjects. Letters from Roland Dorcely and Alexander Calder include illustrated letters and postcards. Letters from Calder discuss a mix of business and personal matters, including a discussion of the design of jewelry commissioned for Warner's wife, Edna. Letters from Dorcely document Warner's cultivation, criticism, and collection of Dorcely's work, as well as the hardships of Haitian artists and Dorcely's views on art. The letters are in French with some English translations.

Correspondence with Alfred Stieglitz documents his common endeavor with Warner in collecting the paintings of John Marin, and Stieglitz's gallery, An American Place. Letters associated with An American Place continue after Stieglitz's death in 1946. Found with Alfred Stieglitz's letters are two letters from Georgia O'Keeffe. Max Weber letters include comments on his painting and sculpting, his retrospective show at the Whitney, the art press, national politics, and also refer to Stieglitz and Marin. An extensive group of correspondence with Stanton MacDonald-Wright is mostly undated; MacDonald-Wright writes freely about Stieglitz, the "291" group of artists, and his partner in Synchromism, Morgan Russell. Also included are letters from Piet Mondrian related to collecting, as well as letters from unidentified correspondents.

Warner's collecting files consist of diverse materials concerning his research, writing, and relationships with artists whose paintings he collected, particularly Roland Dorcely and Stanton MacDonald-Wright. Included are biographical sketches; writings about and by the artists, including manuscripts and published materials; newspaper and magazine clippings; exhibition announcements and catalogs; and photographs of works of art. Writings by Roland Dorcely, on the subject of his artistic process and perspective, include handwritten essays in French as well as typed English translations. Published articles from Script magazine (1945-1946) by Stanton MacDonald-Wright document his career as an art critic. Writings on Alexander Calder and Paul Rosenburg, taken from Warner's journal on Calder, and on the early relationship of Alfred Stieglitz and Georgia O'Keeffe, documented on a visit with Stieglitz on May 3, 1944, are also present.

Artwork consists of work by Alexander Calder and Roland Dorcely. Calder's work includes sketches proposing mobiles with notations as to material, scale, and cost. Dorcely's work includes sketches in graphite and ink of abstract figures and objects.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 3 series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1940-1963 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 2: Collecting Files, circa 1940-1975 (12 folders; Box 2, OV 3)

Series 3: Artwork, circa 1945-circa 1965 (2 folders; Box 2)
Biographical / Historical:
Keith Warner (1895-1959) was an American art collector. Warner was born and lived in Gloversville, New York, and maintained a manufacturing business that took him to New York City intermittently. Warner began collecting Chinese porcelains after World War I, and a few years later his interest shifted to American abstract painting. Warner retired from business in 1944. His collection was sold gradually after his death, mostly to private collectors, though some works are in museums in the United States and Japan.
Provenance:
The Keith Warner papers were donated in 1992 by Edna K. Allen, wife of Keith Warner.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Keith Warner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Art -- Haiti  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State)  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Art, Abstract -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Synchromism (Art)  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Illustrated letters
Sketches
Citation:
Keith Warner papers, 1935-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.warnkeit
See more items in:
Keith Warner papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-warnkeit
Online Media:

Alma Thomas papers

Creator:
Thomas, Alma  Search this
Names:
Art in Embassies Program (U.S.)  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Bader, Franz, 1903-1994  Search this
Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-1986  Search this
Johnson, Nathalie J. Cole  Search this
Sarg, Tony, 1882-1942  Search this
Tarbary, Celine  Search this
Taylor, Joshua Charles, 1917-  Search this
Thomas, J. Maurice (John Maurice), 1900 or 1901-  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Date:
circa 1894-2001
Summary:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas, date from circa 1894-2001 and measure 5.5 linear feet. The papers document Thomas's work as a teacher, and her development and success as a painter of the Washington Color School, through biographical material, letters, notes and writings, personal business records, exhibition files, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographs, an audio recording, and two video recordings.

Biographical material includes identity cards, chronologies, an audio recording including a biographical account, and scattered documentation of Thomas's education and teaching careers with D.C. Public Schools, Howard University, and Thomas Garrett Settlement in Wilmington, Delaware. Also found are records relating to Thomas's participation in a summer marionette class taught by Tony Sarg in 1934, and a tour of European art centers which Thomas took in 1958.

Letters relate primarily to the exhibition of Thomas's work and related events and are from galleries, museums, other art institutions, colleagues, and friends including Franz Bader, Adelyn Breeskin, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Howard University Gallery of Art, Martha Jackson Gallery, Nathalie J. Cole Johnson, Vincent Melzac, Celine Tabary, and Joshua Taylor.

Notes and writings include four notebooks and autobiographical writings by Thomas, a "Birthday Book," and an annotated engagement calendar. J. Maurice Thomas's writings about Alma Thomas, her research for a bibliography on James Weldon Johnson, and writings by others, including Jacob Kainen, about Alma Thomas, are also found here.

Exhibition files contain a wide variety of documentation for many group and solo exhibitions of Thomas's work from the early 1950s through a 1998-2000 traveling retrospective exhibition, including solo exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in 1972. The records include letters from Franz Bader Gallery, David Driskell at Fisk University, and Vincent Melzac. Photographs include Thomas with individuals including William Buckner, Jeff Donaldson, David Driskell, James W. Herring, and Vincent Melzac. Also found is a photograph of the 1951 Little Paris Studio Group picturing Lois Mailou Jones, Celine Tabary, Alma Thomas, and others. Two video recordings are of events related to the 1998-2000 retrospective at the Fort Wayne Museum of Art and the Columbus Museum of Art. Records documenting a 1981-1982 exhibition at the Smithsonian National Museum of American Art, A Life in Art: Alma Thomas, includes the script of a video written by Adolphus Ealey.

Personal business records include price lists, gift and loan receipts, and files concerning the Art in Embassies Program, the Martha Jackson Gallery, a benefit auction for the Corcoran School of Art, and the designation of the Thomas family home in Washington, D.C. as a historic property.

Eleven scrapbooks document Thomas's teaching career through the activities of the art classes she taught at Shaw Junior High School.

Printed materials include announcements and catalogs for exhibitions and other events; clippings which document Thomas's career and subjects of interest to her; Christmas cards featuring block prints designed by Thomas; and other programs and publications featuring Thomas.

Photographs are of Alma Thomas, family, and friends and colleagues including Sam Gilliam, James V. Herring, and Nathalie V. Cole Johnson; art classes taught by Thomas; Thomas's homes in Columbus, Georgia and Washington, D.C.; and exhibitions not documented in Series 4: Exhibition Files, including photographs of Alma Thomas at an opening at Barnett Aden Gallery with Alonzo Aden and others.
Arrangement note:
The papers have been arranged into 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1911-2001 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Letters, circa 1930-2001 (Boxes 1-2; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, circa 1920s-circa 1998 (Box 2; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1951-2000 (Boxes 2-3, OV 7; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Personal Business Records, circa 1950s-1994 (Box 3; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Material, circa 1908-2000 (Boxes 3-5, OV 7; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1930-1946 (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1894-2001 (Boxes 5-6; 0.6 linear feet)
Biographical/Historical note:
Washington, D.C. painter and art educator Alma Thomas (1891-1978) was known for her abstract paintings filled with dense patterns of color, and was considered a major artist of the Washington Color School.

Thomas was born in Columbus, Georgia, in 1894, and was the eldest of the four daughters of John Harris Thomas and Amelia Cantey Thomas. The family moved to Washington, D.C. in 1906 and Thomas was first introduced to art classes at Armstrong Technical High School. Following her graduation in 1911 she took a course in kindergarten teaching at the Miner Normal School, and subsequently worked as a substitute teacher in the Washington, D.C. public school system until 1914, when she took a teaching position on the Eastern shore of Maryland. From 1916 to 1923 she taught kindergarten at Thomas Garrett Settlement House in Wilmington, Delaware.

Thomas originally enrolled at Howard University in Washington, D.C. as a home economics major in 1921, but after studying under Lois Mailou Jones amd James V. Herring in Herring's newly established art department, she earned a Bachelor's degree in Fine Art in 1924, and became the first person to graduate from the program. Thomas then began her teaching career at Shaw Junior High School in Washington, D.C. that lasted from 1924, until her retirement in 1960. During this time she established community arts programs that would encourage her students to develop an appreciation of fine arts. Activities included marionette programs, distribution of student-designed holiday menu cards for dinners given for soldiers at the Tuskegee Veterans' Hospital, art clubs, lectures, and student exhibitions. In 1943 she became the founding vice president of Barnett Aden Gallery, which was established by James V. Herring and Alonzo Aden and was the first integrated gallery in Washington, D.C.

In 1934 Thomas earned an M.A. degree in Art Education from Columbia University. At American University in Washington, D.C., she studied creative painting under Joe Summerford, Robert Gates, and Jacob Kainen from 1950 to 1960, and began to break away from representational painting and experiment more seriously with Abstract Expressionism. In 1958 she participated in a tour of the art centers of Western Europe under the auspices of the Tyler School of Fine Arts at Temple University in Philadelphia.

Following her retirement from teaching in 1960, Thomas devoted herself full-time to painting, and continued to develop her signature style. She was inspired by nature and the desire to express beauty through composition and color, and refused to be constrained by societal expectations related to her race, gender, and age, achieving her greatest success in the last decade of her life. Her work was exhibited at the Dupont Theatre Art Gallery, Franz Bader Gallery, and the Howard University Gallery of Art, before she was honored in 1972 with exhibitions at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

Thomas's work has been exhibited at the White House and can be found in the permanent collections of major museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Museum of Women in the Arts, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
Separated Materials note:
In 1979, J. Maurice Thomas loaned papers for microfilming. Most, but not all, of the loaned material was later donated and is described in this finding aid. Loaned materials not donated at a later date are available on reels 1541-1543 and are not described in the container listing of this finding aid.
Provenance:
J. Maurice Thomas, the artist's sister, loaned portions of the collection for microfilming in 1979. Most, but not all of this material was then later donated in several accretions by J. Maurice Thomas, between 1979 and 2004. Charles Thomas Lewis, Thomas' nephew, gave additional papers in 2010.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Alma Thomas papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Educators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Washington Color School (Group of artists)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Audiocassettes
Video recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Alma Thomas papers, circa 1894-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.thomalma
See more items in:
Alma Thomas papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-thomalma
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