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E.P. (Edgar Preston) and Constance Richardson papers, 1814-1996, bulk 1921-1996

Creator:
Richardson, Edgar Preston, 1902-1985  Search this
Richardson, Constance Coleman, 1905-2002  Search this
Subject:
Rutledge, Anna Wells  Search this
Simper, Fred  Search this
McDermott, John Francis  Search this
Speck, Walter  Search this
Stevens, William B.  Search this
Fredericks, Marshall M.  Search this
Castano, Giovanni  Search this
Soria, Regina  Search this
Lynes, Russell  Search this
Frankenstein, Alfred V. (Alfred Victor)  Search this
Hardy, Jeremiah Pearson  Search this
Pleasants, J. Hall (Jacob Hall)  Search this
Garrison, Eve Josephson  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Allston, Washington  Search this
Woolfenden, William E. (William Edward)  Search this
Ripley, S. Dillon (Sidney Dillon)  Search this
Morse, John D.  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Lewis, W. S. (Wilmarth Sheldon)  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Bostick, William A.  Search this
Jungwirth, Irene G. (Irene Gayas)  Search this
Oliver, Andrew  Search this
Simpson, Corelli C. W.  Search this
Andrews, Wayne  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold  Search this
Middeldorf, Ulrich Alexander  Search this
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David)  Search this
Fleischman, Lawrence A. (Lawrence Arthur)  Search this
Sellers, Charles Coleman  Search this
Heil, Walter  Search this
Lee-Smith, Hughie  Search this
Bouché, Louis  Search this
Moser, Liselotte  Search this
Flexner, James Thomas  Search this
Vose, Robert C. (Robert Churchill)  Search this
Cohn, Harold  Search this
Aram, Siegfried F.  Search this
Mast, Gerald  Search this
Krentzin, Earl  Search this
Groce, George C.  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Culver, Charles B. (Charles Beach)  Search this
Wedda, John  Search this
Boyd, Julian P. (Julian Parks)  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich)  Search this
Rockefeller, John D.  Search this
Copeland, Lammot du Pont  Search this
Freeman, Michael W.  Search this
Allen, Joseph  Search this
Peale family  Search this
Castano Galleries (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Historical Society of Pennsylvania  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Archives of American Art  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
White House (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Manuscripts
Interviews
Diaries
Transcripts
Sketches
Lectures
Place:
Detroit (Mich.)
Citation:
E.P. (Edgar Preston) and Constance Richardson papers, 1814-1996, bulk 1921-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Romanticism  Search this
Art -- History -- Study and teaching  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Research and writing about art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10104
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212990
AAA_collcode_richedga
Theme:
Diaries
Research and writing about art
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212990
Online Media:

Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers, 1837-1984, bulk 1935-1979

Creator:
Fleischman, Lawrence Arthur, 1925-1997  Search this
Subject:
Sellers, Charles Coleman  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston  Search this
Richardson, Constance  Search this
Pollack, Peter  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Bailey, Grace  Search this
Arms, John Taylor  Search this
Allston, Washington  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Culver, Charles B. (Charles Beach)  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Bailey, Truman E.  Search this
Krentzin, Earl  Search this
Gentle, Esther  Search this
Fleischman, Barbara  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
University of Michigan. Museum of Art  Search this
United States Information Agency  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Archives of American Art  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Milwaukee Art Center  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Typescripts
Photographs
Citation:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers, 1837-1984, bulk 1935-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art patrons Michigan Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Philanthropists  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10245
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213339
AAA_collcode_fleilawr
Theme:
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213339
Online Media:

Carl Zigrosser papers

Topic:
Modern school magazine
Creator:
Zigrosser, Carl, 1891-  Search this
Names:
American Artists Group  Search this
Armory Show (1913: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Art in America  Search this
Independent Citizens Committee for the Arts, Sciences, and Professions  Search this
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
Print Club (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Print Council of America  Search this
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum  Search this
Tamarind Lithography Workshop  Search this
Weyhe Gallery  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981  Search this
Boyd, E., 1903-1974  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Carrington, Fitz Roy, 1869-1954  Search this
Castellón, Federico, 1914-1971  Search this
Colker, Ed, 1927-  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton, 1901-1980  Search this
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Durieux, Caroline, 1896-1989  Search this
Dwight, Mabel, 1876-1955  Search this
Flannagan, John Bernard, 1895?-1942  Search this
Girard, André  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William, 1901-1988  Search this
Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967  Search this
Huntley, Victoria Hutson, 1900-1971  Search this
Ingersoll, R. Sturgis (Robert Sturgis), b. 1891  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Keppel, Frederick, 1845-1912  Search this
Kimball, Fiske, 1888-1955  Search this
Kohn, Misch, 1916-  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Lankes, Julius J., 1884-1960  Search this
Lasansky, Mauricio, 1914-  Search this
Mauzey, Merritt, 1898-  Search this
McNulty, Kneeland  Search this
Michener, James A. (James Albert), 1907-  Search this
Mitchell, Marian  Search this
Nalbandian, Karnig  Search this
Norman, Dorothy, 1905-1997  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Pach, Walter, 1883-1958  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Ronnebeck, Arnold, 1885-1947  Search this
Rose, Ruth Starr, 1887-1965  Search this
Rosenwald, Lessing J. (Lessing Julius), 1891-1979  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée, 1905-2006  Search this
Schniewind, Carl Oscar, 1900-1957  Search this
Seidenberg, Roderick, 1889-1973  Search this
Spratling, William, 1900-1967  Search this
Spruance, Benton, 1904-1967  Search this
Sternberg, Harry, 1904-2001  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Teng, Kuei  Search this
Valentin, Curt, 1902-1954  Search this
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich), 1895-1983  Search this
Weston, Edward, 1886-1958  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959  Search this
Yunkers, Adja, 1900-1983  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet ((on 63 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1891-1971
Scope and Contents:
Personal and professional records including correspondence, writings, notes, printed material, subject files, photograph album, and diaries relating to Zigrosser's work as an authority on prints and printmaking and his personal relationships with artists.
Included are: correspondence with family and with over 900 printmakers, painters, sculptors, acquaintances, friends, associates, organizations, museums, publishers, and magazines; general correspondence, notes, clippings, and manuscripts pertaining to The Modern School Magazine; files of correspondence from Zigrosser's work at: the Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1932-1971; John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation; Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and Museum, 1946-1971, including correspondence with Frank Lloyd Wright concerning the Guggenheim Memorial Museum; Print Council of America, 1954-1971, regarding exhibitions, council meetings and other matters; and the Tamarind Workshop, 1960-1971.
Of particular interest is material relating to the 1913 Armory Show, including Zigrosser's annotated catalog, notes and sketches. Also included are speeches and notes, 1930-1968; manuscripts for lectures and unpublished materials; memorabilia; a photo album of sculpture by John B. Flannagan; art work, including prints and drawings by Karig Nalbandian, prints by Rockwell Kent, and oversized works of art on paper by Mabel Dwight, Wanda Gag and Kent; family photograph album; journals and pamphlets (covers only); and diaries, 1916-1971, discussing personal and professional events such as art openings, conversations and activities with Rockwell Kent, Alfred Stieglitz, and Georgia O'Keeffe, among others.
Among the correspondents are: the American Artists Group, John Taylor Arms, Art in America magazine, Art Institute of Chicago, Alfred Barr, E. Boyd, Charles Burchfield, Alexander Calder, Fitz Roy Carrington, Federico Castellon, Ed Colker, Howard N. Cook, Crown Publishers, Adolf Dehn, Caroline Durieux, John Bernard Flannagan, Andre Girard, Stanley William Hayter, Edward Hopper, Victoria Hutson Huntley, Independent Citizens Committee for the Arts, Sciences and Professions, R. Sturgis Ingersoll, Frederick Keppel, Rockwell Kent, Fiske Kimball, Misch Kohn, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Julius Lankes, Mauricico Lasansky, Merritt Mauzey, Kneeland McNulty, James A. Michener, Marian Mitchell,
Museum of Non-Objective Painting (Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum), Karnig Nalbandian, Dorothy Norman, Georgia O'Keeffe, Walter Pach, Harold Paris, Print Club (Philadelphia), Diego Rivera, Ruth Starr Rose, Arnold Ronnebeck, Lessing J. Rosenwald, Andre Ruellan, Carl Oscar Schniewind, Roderick Seidenberg, William Spratling, Benton Spruance, Alfred Stieglitz, Harry Sternberg, Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Kuei Teng, U.S. Office of War Information, Curt Valentin, Heinz Warneke, Edward Weston, Weyhe Gallery, Whitney Museum of American Art, Harry Wickey, and Adja Yunkers.
Biographical / Historical:
Print curator; Philadelphia, Pa.; d. 1975. Graduated Columbia University in literature. Worked with prints in New York City at Keppel and Co. and Weyhe Gallery; print curator at Philadelphia Museum of Art 1940-1963; author of books on prints and art works.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming, 1991, by the University of Pennsylvania Special Collections Department, Van Pelt Library. Zigrosser donated the papers to the University in 1972. Portions of the papers not microfilmed include research files, manuscript materials for published work, family records, and journals.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Rights:
Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce requires written permission from the Curator of Manuscripts, Rare Book & Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Printmakers -- United States  Search this
Museum curators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Prints -- societies, etc  Search this
Prints -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Prints, American  Search this
Prints, European  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.zigrcarl
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c88ba1db-1061-48d2-bae9-77dd7e7f65c5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-zigrcarl

Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers

Creator:
Fleischman, Lawrence A. (Lawrence Arthur), 1925-1997  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Midtown Galleries (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Milwaukee Art Center  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
United States Information Agency  Search this
University of Michigan. Museum of Art  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Allston, Washington, 1779-1843  Search this
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Bailey, Grace  Search this
Bailey, Truman E., 1902?-1959  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Culver, Charles B. (Charles Beach), 1908-1967  Search this
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fleischman, Barbara  Search this
Gentle, Esther, 1900-  Search this
Krentzin, Earl, 1929-  Search this
Marin, John, 1870-1953  Search this
Pollack, Peter, 1909-1978  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Richardson, Constance, 1905-  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston, 1902-1985  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 1847-1917  Search this
Sellers, Charles Coleman, 1903-  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault, 1894-1972  Search this
Extent:
4.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Typescripts
Photographs
Date:
1837-1984
bulk 1935-1979
Summary:
The papers of art collectors, art patrons, and philanthropists Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman measure 4.9 linear feet and date from 1837 to 1984, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1935-1979. The papers are comprised mostly of correspondence with artists, museums, and arts organizations. Also found are scattered biographical materials, artists' autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans, exhibition files, notes and writings, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art collectors, art patrons, and philanthropists Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman measure 4.9 linear feet and date from 1837 to 1984, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1935-1979. The papers are comprised mostly of correspondence with artists, museums, and arts organizations. Also found are scattered biographical materials, artists' autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans, exhibition files, notes and writings, printed material, and photographs.

One folder of biographical material includes a biographical account and a certificate of appreciation from the Common Council for the City of Detroit.

The bulk of the collection is comprised of correspondence documenting the Fleischman's art related activities and interests primarily during the 1950s and 1960s. Individual correspondents include Aaron Bohrod, Charles E. Burchfield, Charles B. Culver, Philip Evergood, Earl Krentzin, John Marin, Jr., Abraham Rattner and Esther Gentle, Peter Pollack, Edgar P. and Constance Richardson, Charles Coleman Sellers, and Franklin Watkins. One letter from Charles E. Burchfield includes four etching plates used to create the color print of Hot September Wind.

Arts organizations and galleries represented in the correspondence include the American Federation of Arts, the Archives of American Art, the Arts Commission of the City of Detroit, the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Detroit Institute of Art, Kennedy Galleries, M. Knoedler and Co., Inc., Kraushaar Galleries, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Midtown Galleries, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Art, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the School of the Society of Arts and Crafts, the United States Information Agency, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Winterthur Museum.

Autograph letters purchased by the Fleischmans include letters written by artists Washington Allston (addressed to Thomas Sully), Albert Pinkham Ryder, and John Taylor Arms.

Exhibition files document the various exhibitions of art work from the Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman Collection at the University of Michigan Museum of Art; the Detroit Institute of Art; in Central and South America; in Greece, Israel and Russia; and at the Milwaukee Art Center. The files contain letters, notes, printed material, and photographs.

Three folders of notes and writings include "Introduction to Earl Krentzin Catalog" by Lawrence Fleischman and "Selection of Excerpts from the Soviet Press and Radio Attacking U. S. Culture" by unidentified authors.

Scattered printed material includes miscellaneous clippings and catalogs not connected with the Exhibition Files series. There is also a book John Marin: The Man and his Work by E. M. Benson that was autographed by Marin to the Fleischmans in 1953.

Photographs include portrait photographs of Lawrence Fleischman, photographs of Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman with colleagues, of art work from the Fleischman Collection, of Truman and Grace Bailey in their studio, and a copy photograph of Thomas Eakins as a boy.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1958 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1949-1984 (Boxes 1-4, 7; 3.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Autograph Letters, 1837-1942 (Box 4; 4 folders)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1953-1960 (Boxes 4-5, 7; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1957-1962 (Box 5; 3 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1935-1969 (Box 5-6; 6 folders)

Series 7: Photographs, 1953-1965 (Box 6; 13 folders)
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Fleischman (1925-1997) of New York City was an American art collector, patron, philanthropist, and benefactor. He and his wife, Barbara Greenberg Fleischman, assembled an impressive collection of art and artifacts that they shared with the public as part of their philanthropic activities aimed at fostering a wider appreciation of the arts around the world.

Lawrence Fleischman was born on February 14, 1925 in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Stella and Arthur Fleischman, the owner of a large carpet business. He attended the Western Military Academy in Alton, Illinois, and studied engineering at Purdue University. In 1942, he interrupted his studies to volunteer for service in the U.S. Army during World War II. While serving in France, he met a doctor who further fostered Fleischman's ever growing interest in American art. Following the war, he graduated with a degree in physics from the University of Detroit. Fleischman met Barbara Greenberg in Detroit and they were married in 1948.

Beginning in the late 1940s, Fleischman established a fledgling television station, developed holdings in real estate, and began purchasing art work. Initially the Fleischmans collected undervalued 20th century American art and were friends with several artists, including John Marin, Charles Burchfield, Stuart Davis, and Ben Shahn. They also expanded the scope of their collection to include 19th century American works.

During the 1950s, Lawrence Fleischman realized how there were few American art historians and college departments, as well as a lack of primary source material. Fleischman worked with Edgar P. Richardson, then director of the Detroit Institute of Art, to raise funds and they founded the Archives of American Art at the Detroit Institute of Art in 1954. The Archives of American Art was, and still is, dedicated to the collection, preservation, and study of primary source records that document the history of the visual arts in the United States. Lawrence A. Fleischman is a founding Trustee of the AAA and served as the Chairman of the Board from 1958 to 1966. His wife, Barbara joined the Board of Trustees in 1997 and served as Chair from 2003 to 2007. She is a Trustee Emerita.

Lawrence Fleischman's business and philanthropic interests included the Arthur Fleischman Carpet Company, the Lee Plaza Hotel-Motel in Detroit, Art Adventurers, the Art School of the Society of Arts and Crafts in Detroit, the Friends of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, the Cultural Committee of the United States Information Agency, and the Art Commission of Detroit, which governed the Detroit Institute of Art. He also served as an officer of the Board for many of the arts-related organizations.

In 1996, the Fleischmans moved their family from Detroit to New York City, where Lawrence Fleischman became a partner in the Kennedy Galleries.

The Fleischmans philanthropic activities include generous support of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Detroit Institute of Art, the Cleveland Museum, the British Museum, the Vatican Museum, and lifelong support of the Archives of American Art.

Lawrence Fleischman died on January 31, 1997 in London, England. Barbara Fleischman lives in New York City and continues to be an active supporter of the visual arts.
Related Materials:
Among the Archives holdings are two oral history interviews with Lawrence A. Fleischman. The first was conducted by Paul Cummings in 1970 and the second conducted by Gail Stavitsky in 1994 . Both interviews have transcripts available.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming, the majority of which was later donated, except for five letters on reel D197. These include one postcard from Constance Richardson, 1956; one letter from Constance Richardson, 1957; one letter from Franklin Watkins, 1955; one letter from Lawrence Fleischman to Wilbur H. Hunter, 1960; and one letter from Richard D. Tucker, 1960. This material remains with lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers were donated in several accretions by Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman from 1954 to 2007. Letters were also loaned for microfilming in 1965, but nearly all of them were subsequently donated.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art patrons Michigan Detroit  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Philanthropists  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Typescripts
Photographs
Citation:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman Papers, 1837-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.fleilawr
See more items in:
Lawrence and Barbara Fleischman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw92905ad60-9c85-493f-90b7-272f1486ef69
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-fleilawr
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Meyer and Vivian Potamkin

Interviewee:
Potamkin, Meyer, 1909-2001  Search this
Potamkin, Vivian, 1915-2002  Search this
Interviewer:
Berman, Avis  Search this
Extent:
49 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2001 Feb. 12
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Vivian and Meyer Potamkin conducted 2001 Feb. 12, by Avis Berman, for the Archives of American Art, in Philadelphia, Pa.
Biographical / Historical:
Meyer (1909-2001) and Vivian Potamkin (1915-2002) were art collectors from Philadelphia, Pa.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 45 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.potamk01
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ad67273a-1894-46ef-96ae-834486b0d2c8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-potamk01
Online Media:

Carlen Galleries, Inc., records

Creator:
Carlen Galleries  Search this
Names:
Peale family  Search this
Davies, Albert Webster, 1889-1967  Search this
Feuillate, Raymond, 1901-1971  Search this
Gainsborough, Lee  Search this
Hicks, Edward, 1780-1849  Search this
Kollwitz, Käthe, 1867-1945  Search this
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924  Search this
Extent:
10.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1775-1997
bulk 1940-1986
Summary:
The Carlen Galleries, Inc., records measure 10.4 linear feet (gift portions) and date from 1775 to 1997 (bulk 1940-1986). Correspondence, business records, subject files, a scrapbook, printed matter, and photographs document the operation and activities of Carlen Galleries, Inc., and its founder Robert Carlen.
Scope and Content Note:
The Carlen Galleries, Inc., records measure 10.4 linear feet (gift portions, Parts 1 and 3) and date from 1775-1998 (bulk 1940-1986). Correspondence, business records, subject files, a scrapbook, printed matter, and photographs document the operation and activities of Carlen Galleries, Inc., and its founder Robert Carlen.

Part 1: Received in 1986 as a gift from Robert Carlen, these records document the activities of Carlen Galleries and its founder, 1937-1986. Correspondence mainly concerns the sale and purchase of works of art. Also included are artist files containing correspondence, receipts, and printed matter regarding Albert Davies, Edward Hicks, Käthe Kollwitz, Horace Pippin, and Maurice Prendergast. Subject files concern African American artists, Raphael Peale, Raymond Feuillate, and the French Moderns. Business records consist of loan forms, documentation of exhibitions at Carlen Galleries, inventories, a scrapbook and clippings concerning the gallery, conservation reports, appraisals (not microfilmed), and financial records.

Part 2: Additional records documenting the activities of Carlen Galleries and its founder, 1937-1986, were loaned by Robert Carlen for microfilming in 1988. Included are letters about Horace Pippin and rare letters from the artist. Other correspondence concerns Carlen's search for paintings by Edward Hicks, and there is also a small selection of letters regarding more routine gallery business. Among the business records are and account book and receipts. Printed matter consists of exhibition catalogs, announcements, and clippings; a scrapbook contains printed matter about Horace Pippin. Photographs are of Allan Freelon and works of art.

Part 3: Received in 2002 as a gift from Robert Carlen's daughter Nancy Carlen, this portion of the Carlen Galleries, Inc., Records consists of two letters, business records, photographs, and selections from the galleries' library. Letters are from Joan Baez, circa 1960 and Charles M. Mount, 1968. Previously sealed letters from Charles M. Mount, undated, and 1962-1975, relating to John Singer Sargent have been integrated into this portion.

Part 4: Additional records borrowed for microfilming from Nancy Carlen in 2002 include documents dated 1775-1997 (bulk 1940s-1990). Correspondence concerns gallery business, but a small amount of personal correspondence is also included. Business records consist of appraisal reports, receipts for sales and purchases, and the contract and program for the 1964 University [of Pennsylvania] Hospital Antiques Show in which Carlen Galleries exhibited. Subject files document Edward Hicks, Anatol Jal, the Captain James Lawrence Goblet, Horace Pippin, and Antoine Roux. Five notebooks, containing material similar to that in the subject files, are about Horace Pippin (vols. 1-3), Edward Hicks (vol. 4), and chronicle the career of Robert Carlen (vol. 5).

Printed matter consists of clippings and other items concerning art and antiques, Robert Carlen and Carlen Galleries, Inc., and the Diplomatic Reception Rooms of the State Department where two Hicks paintings owned by Carlen were on extended loan. Among the miscellaneous records are biographical documents, personal financial records, business and research notes (including original documents and photocopies of archival materials), and four prints. Photographs are mostly of antiques and art work; also included are a few pictures of people, places, and miscellaneous subjects.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four parts, representing gift and loan accessions received and microfilmed at various times. The two loans for microfilming (Parts 2 and 4) overlap and partially duplicate one another-particularly records relating to Horace Pippin and Edward Hicks-but are far from identical. Some of the Pippin and Hicks material was significantly rearranged in the interim between the first loan (1988) and the second (2002).

Missing Title

Part 1: Gift (1986), 1906-1986 (Boxes 1-7; 7.0 linear feet; Reels 4166-4175)

Part 2: Loan (1988), 1937-1986 (Reel 4175)

Part 3: Gift (2002), 1835-1992 (Boxes 8-12; 3.4 linear feet; Reel 5745)

Part 4: Loan (2002), 1775-1997 (Reels 5746-5748)
Historical Note:
Robert Carlen (1906-1990) worked as a secretary and attended evening classes at the Graphic Sketch Club in Philadelphia right after graduating from high school. He studied painting full-time at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts during the academic year 1928/29, and from 1929-1936 he continued to study painting in the evenings while employed at a brokerage firm.

Since he wanted to be associated with the art world and needed to earn a living, Carlen decided to establish an art gallery that would show the works of young artists. In 1937, he opened in Carlen Galleries in his home at 323 South 16th Street, Philadelphia; the galleries operated in the same location for the remainder of Carlen's life. In its earliest years, Carlen Galleries housed exhibitions of the Associated American Artists' Group and featured prints by Wanda Gag, Käthe Kollwitz, Louis Lozowick, Lynd Ward, and other print makers.

In 1941, paintings by Horace Pippin were exhibited at Carlen Galleries. Carlen soon befriended the artist and began providing him with art supplies. He remained Pippin's agent for many years following the artist's death in 1946, and was a sought-after authority on the artist's work and life.

By the mid-1940s, Carlen had discovered a painting by Edward Hicks in Bucks County, Pa. He began researching the then-obscure Quaker artist. Through contacting descendants of Hicks's patrons, Carlen was able to acquire many of Hicks's paintings and Carlen Galleries became known for handling important early American folk paintings and antiques. Among his clients were Edward W. and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch, Winterthur Museum, Winterthur, Del., Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, Williamsburg, Va., and the Shelburne Museum, Shelburne, Vt.

During the course of his long career, Robert Carlen served as an advisor to many Philadelphia collectors and developed an extensive knowledge of the genealogies and heirlooms of the city's prominent families. Because of his extensive experience and expertise, Carlen's opinion was widely valued and his services as an appraiser of art and antiques were in great demand.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 4175 and 5746-5748) including material relating to Horace Pippin. Loaned material was returned to the lender and is described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The collection was acquired in various accessions of gifts and loans. Part 1: gift of Robert Carlen, 1986; Part 2: loaned by Robert Carlen for microfilming, 1988; Part 3: gift of Nancy Carlen, 2002 (previously sealed letters and appraisals received with Part 1 are housed with Part 3 and integrated for microfilming); Part 4: loaned by Nancy Carlen for microfilming, 2002.
Restrictions:
Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Decorative arts -- United States  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- Pennsylvania
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Carlen Galleries, Inc., records, 1775-1997, bulk 1940-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.carlgall
See more items in:
Carlen Galleries, Inc., records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9438ea128-b58f-400f-9bb2-cb74b6c20041
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-carlgall
Online Media:

Ira and William Glackens papers, circa 1900-1990

Creator:
Glackens, Ira, 1907-1990  Search this
Glackens, William J. (William James), 1870-1938  Search this
Subject:
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Perlman, Bennard B.  Search this
Prendergast, Eugénie  Search this
Schwab, Arnold T.  Search this
Shinn, Everett  Search this
Sloan, Helen Farr  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin  Search this
Glackens, William J.  Search this
Barnes, Laura L.  Search this
Barnes, Albert C. (Albert Coombs)  Search this
Bullard, E. John (Edgar John)  Search this
Buckley, Charles E.  Search this
Dimock, Ira  Search this
Glackens, Edith  Search this
Fitzgerald, Irene Dimock  Search this
Kuhn, Walt  Search this
Liff, Vivian  Search this
Morse, Stearns  Search this
National Gallery of Art (U.S.)  Search this
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
Williams College. Museum of Art.  Search this
Delaware Art Museum  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Writings
Citation:
Ira and William Glackens papers, circa 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Illustrators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Authors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Eight (Group of American artists)  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7175
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209312
AAA_collcode_glacwill
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209312
Online Media:

Eunice Leopold papers relating to Benton Spruance, 1958-2000

Creator:
Leopold, Eunice Robinson, 1916-2001  Search this
Subject:
Spruance, Benton  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Citation:
Eunice Leopold papers relating to Benton Spruance, 1958-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Prints, American -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Prints, American -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American -- Photographs  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8194
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210365
AAA_collcode_leopeuni
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210365

Carlen Galleries, Inc., records, 1775-1997, bulk 1940-1986

Creator:
Carlen Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Gainsborough, Lee  Search this
Feuillate, Raymond  Search this
Davies, Albert Webster  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Hicks, Edward  Search this
Pippin, Horace  Search this
Kollwitz, Käthe  Search this
Peale family  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Carlen Galleries, Inc., records, 1775-1997, bulk 1940-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Decorative arts -- United States  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Theme:
African American  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Art Market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9611
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211818
AAA_collcode_carlgall
Theme:
African American
Art Gallery Records
Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211818
Online Media:

George Grey Barnard papers, circa 1860-1969, bulk 1880-1938

Creator:
Barnard, George Grey, 1863-1938  Search this
Type:
Notebooks
Diaries
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
George Grey Barnard papers, circa 1860-1969, bulk 1880-1938. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State)  Search this
Art, Medieval  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State)  Search this
Sculpture, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State)  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9735
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212035
AAA_collcode_barngeor
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212035
Online Media:

James Lawrence Claghorn papers, 1849-1882

Creator:
Claghorn, James Lawrence, 1817-1884  Search this
Subject:
Durand, Asher Brown  Search this
Kensett, John Frederick  Search this
Powers, Hiram  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan  Search this
Rothermel, Peter Frederick  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Goupil & Cie  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Citation:
James Lawrence Claghorn papers, 1849-1882. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art museum attendance  Search this
Theme:
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9986
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212721
AAA_collcode_clagjame
Theme:
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212721

Reuben Haines and Haines family selected papers, 1824-1840

Creator:
Haines, Reuben, 1786-1831  Search this
Subject:
Audubon, John James  Search this
Haines, Hannah  Search this
Haines, Robert  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay  Search this
Trumbull, John  Search this
Johnson, Walter R. (Walter Rogers)  Search this
Haines, John S.  Search this
Citation:
Reuben Haines and Haines family selected papers, 1824-1840. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art patronage -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Artists and patrons -- United States  Search this
Photographs -- Early works to 1850  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Theme:
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10001
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212791
AAA_collcode_hainreub
Theme:
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212791

John Frederick Lewis selected letters, 1903-1929

Creator:
Lewis, John Frederick, 1860-1932  Search this
Subject:
Barnes, Albert C. (Albert Coombs)  Search this
Beaux, Cecilia  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Citation:
John Frederick Lewis selected letters, 1903-1929. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Exhibitions -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Theme:
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10037
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212859
AAA_collcode_lewijohn
Theme:
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212859

Papers relating to the sale of George Whitney's art collection, undated

Creator:
Whitney, George, d. 1885-  Search this
Subject:
Whitney, George  Search this
Richards, William Trost  Search this
Citation:
Papers relating to the sale of George Whitney's art collection, undated. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Marine painting -- 19th century -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Theme:
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10127
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213033
AAA_collcode_whitgeor
Theme:
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213033

Anna Warren Ingersoll papers, 1910-1966

Creator:
Ingersoll, Anna Warren, 1887-1980  Search this
Subject:
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Citation:
Anna Warren Ingersoll papers, 1910-1966. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women arts administrators  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Women  Search this
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10158
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213141
AAA_collcode_ingeanna
Theme:
Diaries
Women
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213141

Christian Brinton papers, 1874-1967

Creator:
Brinton, Christian, 1870-1942  Search this
Subject:
Chester County Art Association (Chester County, Pa.)  Search this
Citation:
Christian Brinton papers, 1874-1967. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art criticism -- United States  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Curators -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Research and writing about art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10159
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213142
AAA_collcode_brinchri
Theme:
Research and writing about art
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213142

Julius Rauzin letters from Susan M. Eakins, 1935-1938

Creator:
Rauzin, Julius  Search this
Eakins, Susan Hannah Macdowell, 1851-1938  Search this
Subject:
Pach, Walter  Search this
Citation:
Julius Rauzin letters from Susan M. Eakins, 1935-1938. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Theme:
Lives of artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10166
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213149
AAA_collcode_rauzjuli2
Theme:
Lives of artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213149

Louis E. Stern papers, 1897-1978

Creator:
Stern, Louis E., 1886-1962  Search this
Subject:
Ben-Gurion, David  Search this
Chagall, Marc  Search this
Rubin, Reuven  Search this
Rubinstein, Artur  Search this
Stern, Isaac  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Place:
Israel -- History
Citation:
Louis E. Stern papers, 1897-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Israel-Arab War, 1948-1949  Search this
Jewish artists  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Theme:
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10474
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213886
AAA_collcode_sterloui
Theme:
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213886

Rosenthal Collection of Drawings by American Artists inventory, [ca. 1927-1930]

Creator:
Free Library of Philadelphia. Prints Dept  Search this
Subject:
Rosenthal, Albert  Search this
Rosenthal Collection of Drawings by American Artists  Search this
Citation:
Rosenthal Collection of Drawings by American Artists inventory, [ca. 1927-1930]. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Drawing, American -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Theme:
Patronage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10603
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214079
AAA_collcode_freelibr
Theme:
Patronage
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214079

Pennsylvania Hospital art related records, 1760-1884

Creator:
Pennsylvania Hospital (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Subject:
West, Benjamin  Search this
Sully, Thomas  Search this
Traquair, James  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert  Search this
Citation:
Pennsylvania Hospital art related records, 1760-1884. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art, American -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Theme:
Art organizations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10614
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214141
AAA_collcode_pennhosp
Theme:
Art organizations
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214141

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