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Jazz and Big Band Collection

Creator:
Morrow, Buddy  Search this
Mooney, Art  Search this
Timbrell, Tiny, 1917-1992  Search this
Stacy, Jess, 1904-1995  Search this
Wilson, Teddy, 1912-1986  Search this
Glen Gray Band  Search this
Gabler, Milt  Search this
Fields, Shep  Search this
Dick Jurgens  Search this
James, Harry  Search this
Horace Heidt  Search this
Lombardo, Guy, 1902-1977  Search this
Kay Kyser  Search this
Duchin, Eddy, 1909-1951  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
McIntyre, Hal, -1959  Search this
Krupa, Gene, 1909-1973  Search this
Barron, Blue, 1912-2005  Search this
Elman, Ziggy  Search this
Cohasco, Inc.  Search this
Cugat, Xavier, 1900-1990  Search this
Names:
Anthony, Ray, 1922-  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Barnet, Charlie  Search this
Beneke, Tex  Search this
Brown, Les, 1912-2001  Search this
Brubeck, Dave  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Christy, June, 1925-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Dorsey, Tommy, 1905-1956  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Frankie Laine  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Gray, Glen, 1906-1963  Search this
Henderson, Fletcher, 1897-1952  Search this
Herman, Woody, 1913-1987  Search this
Jordan, Louis, 1908-1975  Search this
Kaye, Sammy, 1910-1987  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Lee, Peggy  Search this
Lopez, Vincent, 1894-1975  Search this
Lunceford, Jimmie  Search this
MacRae, Gordon  Search this
Martin, Freddy, 1906-1983  Search this
May, Billy  Search this
Mercer, Johnny, 1909-1976  Search this
Miller, Glenn  Search this
Monroe, Vaughn, 1911-1973  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Norvo, Red, 1908-1999  Search this
Page, Patti  Search this
Ray McKinley  Search this
Rich, Buddy  Search this
Shaw, Artie, 1910-2004  Search this
Shore, Dinah, 1917-1994  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Spivak, Charlie  Search this
Vallée, Rudy, 1901-1986  Search this
Vaughan, Sarah, 1924-1990  Search this
Waring, Fred, 1900-1984  Search this
Webb, Chick, 1909-1939  Search this
Weems, Ted  Search this
Welk, Lawrence, 1903-1992  Search this
Whiteman, Paul, 1890-1967  Search this
Whiting, Margaret  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Cubic feet (1 box, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contracts
Postcards
Posters
Publicity photographs
Programs
Menus
Magazines (periodicals)
Tickets
Matchcovers
Motion picture stills
Handbills
Signatures (names)
Sheet music
Date:
1927 - 1966
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 235 pieces of music ephemera assembled by an anonymous California musicologist over several decades. The contents include such things as concert ticket stubs; show programs; handbills; publicity stills; record store posters; nightclub souvenirs; autographs; contracts, lobby cards; movie stills; postcards; fan and record industry magazines; sheet music; an oversize RKO theatre owners' advertising book for the 1942 sensation "Syncopation," starring Charlie Barnet, Benny Goodman, Harry James, Gene Krupa, et al; and miscellany such as matchbook covers and novelty promotional pieces. There are just a few letters in the collection. The collection contains materials representing both bands and band members, and individual artists. In many cases, there are only one or a few relevant items. Persons and acts represented include: Ray Anthony, Louis Armstrong, Charlie Barnet, Tex Beneke, Les Brown, Dave Brubeck, Cab Calloway, June Christy, Nat King Cole, Tommy Dorsey, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Erroll Garner, Stan Getz, Dizzy Gillespie, Benny Goodman, Glen Gray, Fletcher Henderson, Woody Herman, Harry James, Louis Jordan, Sammy Kaye, Stan Kenton, Gene Krupa, Kay Kyser, Frankie Laine, Peggy Lee, Guy Lombardo, Vincent Lopez, Jimmy Lunceford, Gordon MacRae, Freddy Martin, Billy May, Johnny Mercer, Glenn Miller, Vaughn Monroe, Gerry Mulligan, Red Norvo, Patti Page, Buddy Rich, Artie Shaw, Dinah Shore, Frank Sinatra, Charlie Spivak, Rudy Vallee, Sarah Vaughan, Fred Waring, Chick Webb, Ted Weems, Lawrence Welk, Paul Whiteman, Margaret Whiting, and Benny Goodman. In other cases, the collection contains an item or items (such as menus) that have been autographed. The collection contains autographs or autographed items for the following: Gene Krupa, Jess Stacy, Teddy Wilson, Blue Barron, Eddie Duchin, Shep Fields, Ziggy Elman, Glen Gray Band, Milt Gabler, Horace Heidt, Dick Jurgens, Kay Kyser, Guy Lombardo, Xavier Cugat, Hal McIntyre, Art Mooney, Buddy Morrow, Harry James and "Tiny" Timbrell.
Arrangement:
: 1 series.
Provenance:
Cohasco, Inc.,Purchase.,2016,ACNMAH 1388; Nonacc. No. pending.
Restrictions:
UNPROCESSED COLLECTION.
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.,Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Big band music  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Contracts
Postcards
Posters
Publicity photographs
Programs -- Concerts
Menus
Magazines (periodicals)
Tickets
Matchcovers
Motion picture stills
Handbills
Signatures (names)
Sheet music
Citation:
Jazz and Big Band Collection, 1927-1966, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1388
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1388
Online Media:

William Claxton Photographs

Creator:
Claxton, William  Search this
Names:
George Williams Brass Band.  Search this
Stan Kenton Band.  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Baker, Halima  Search this
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Charles, Roosevelt  Search this
Coleman, Ornette  Search this
Coltrane, John, 1926-1967  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Evans, Bill, 1929-1980  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Jones, Elvin  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Rollins, Sonny  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Williams, Cootie  Search this
Williams, Joe, 1918-  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (28 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1955-1960.
Summary:
Photographs consist of 16 x 20 inch silver gelatin; selenium-toned archival photographic prints of jazz musicians performing and recording music throughout the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 16 x 20-inch silver gelatin; selenium- toned archival photographic prints. It is divided into two series.

Series 1, Duke Ellington, 1955-1960, consists of Duke Ellington performing and recording music in Hollywood and Monterey, California and Las Vegas, Nevada, between 1955 and 1960. The photographs are arranged chronologically by date.

Series 2, Other Jazz Musicians and Singers, 1955-1970, consists of photographs of musicians and singers such as Charlie Parker, Sonny Rollins, John Coltrane, Chet Baker, Stan Kenton, Miles Davis, Dinah Washington, Cootie Williams, Thelonious Monk, Dizzy Gilliespie and Ray Charles. The performers are all photographed with their instruments. Photographs are arranged in chronological order.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Duke Ellington, 1955-1960

Series 2: Other Jazz Musicians and Singers, 1955-1970
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History:
Duke Ellington Collection, 1928-1988 (AC0301)

Herman Leonard Photoprints, 1948-1993 (AC0445)

Frank Driggs Collection of Duke Ellington Photographic Reference Prints [copy prints], 1923-1972 (AC389)

W. Royal Stokes Collection of Music Publicity Photoprints, Interviews and Posters circa 1970-2003 (AC0766)

Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, 1940s-1993 (AC0979)
Provenance:
Collection purchased on March 31, 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions. Contact staff for information.
Topic:
Musicians -- 1950-1960 -- United States  Search this
Music -- West coast -- 1950-1960  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1950-2000
Citation:
William Claxton Photographs, 1951-1971, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0695
See more items in:
William Claxton Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0695
Online Media:

Milt Gabler Papers

Creator:
Armstrong, Lucille  Search this
Bechet, Sidney, 1897-1959  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Condon, Eddie, 1905-1973  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Commodore Records.  Search this
Feather, Leonard, 1914-1994  Search this
Gabler, Milt  Search this
Davis, Sammy, 1925-  Search this
Decca (recording company).  Search this
Granz, Norman  Search this
Hawkins, Coleman  Search this
Kaempfert, Bert, 1923-1980  Search this
Ives, Burl, 1909-  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Norvo, Red, 1908-1999  Search this
Mills Brothers.  Search this
Krupa, Gene, 1909-1973  Search this
Kelly, Peck, 1898-  Search this
Williams, Cootie  Search this
United Hot Clubs of America.  Search this
Stewart, Rex (William), Jr., 1907-1967 (cornetist)  Search this
Jordan, Louis, 1908-1975  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Names:
Crosby, Bing, 1904-1977  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Extent:
25 Cubic feet (75 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Legal records
Magazines (periodicals)
Catalogs
Correspondence
Financial records
Music
Bank statements
Autobiographies
Articles
Tax records
Business records
Newsletters
Photographs
Recordings
Sheet music
Date:
1895-2001
Summary:
The collection documents Gabler's involvement in the recording industry and the evolution of Commodore Records. The documentation begins with the Commodore Radio Shop through its evolution to Commodore Music Shop. The collection also includes the beginnings of the Commodore record label and information detailing Gabler's 30 years as staff producer and later Vice-President in Charge of Artists and Repertoire at Decca Records (1941-1974). There is a small collection of black and white photographs chronicling the early years at the Commodore Music Shop, as well as jam sessions, often held at Jimmy Ryan's on 52nd Street. The collection also includes a vast array of audio recordings (mainly audiodiscs).
Scope and Contents:
Papers documenting Gabler's life and career, including: correspondence with family members, friends and people in the music business such as Sammy Davis, Jr. and Lucille Armstrong (Louis' wife); Gabler's writings, including an autobiography and numerous articles; music manuscripts and sheet music, the lyrics for some of which were written by Gabler, and other compositions written by others, including Red Norvo, Eddie Condon and others; legal and financial records, including royalty statements, tax papers and banking records; business records for Commodore and Decca, including correspondence from persons such as Norman Granz, Burl Ives, and Leonard Feather; Commodore and Decca legal records including licensing and trademark documents; publicity materials; production records, such as production logs and liner notes; printed materials such as catalogs, newsletters, magazines, and periodicals; papers relating to Gabler's affiliation with Bert Kaempfert, including correspondence, sheet music and lyrics, and production records; photographs of Gabler and his family and of numerous others in the music industry, including Bing Crosby, Billie Holiday, Sammy Davis Jr., Bert Kaempfert, the Mills Brothers, Rex Stewart, Cootie Williams, Benny Goodman, Coleman Hawkins, Gene Krupa, Louis Jordan, Peck Kelly, Sidney Bechet, Cab Calloway, Louis Armstrong, and numerous others, many taken in the studio during recording sessions; and audio recordings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twenty-seven series.

Series 1: Personal Correspondence

Series 2: Writings by Milt Gabler

Series 3: Music Manuscripts and Sheet Music

Series 4: Personal Financial and Legal Records

Series 5: Commodore and Decca Correspondence and Gabler Rolodex

Series 6: Commodore and Decca Legal Records

Series 7: Commodore and Decca Financial

Series 8: Publicity

Series 9: Commodore and Decca Projects

Series 10: Production Records

Series 11: Commodore General Correspondence

Series 12: Commodore Financial Records

Series 13: Commodore Legal Records

Series 14: Commodore Production Records

Series 15: Commodore, Various Projects and Topical Files

Series 16: Commodore Publicity Records

Series 17: Business Cards

Series 18: Catalogs

Series 19: Newsletters

Series 20: Serials

Series 21: Monographs

Series 22: Newsclippings, Periodical Articles, and Advertisements

Series 23: Correspondence with Organizations

Series 24: Organization Membership cards

Series 25: Bert Kaempfert

Series 26: Photographs

Series 27: Audio Discs
Biographical / Historical:
Milt Gabler was born in Harlem, New York on May 20, 1911. He began managing his father's radio and small appliance store, the Commodore Radio Shop, while still a teen. Gabler convinced his father to expand the business and sell audio recordings. Soon Gabler pioneered the concept of marketing reissues by leasing discontinued masters from various record companies (mainly Victor, Columbia, Vocalion, and Brunswick). Eventually the Gablers changed the name of the family business to the Commodore Music Shop. By the early 1930's Gabler founded the first mail order record label, United Hot Clubs of America, to reach an even greater audience of jazz enthusiasts. In 1935 Gabler began publicizing the music shop by staging a series of Sunday afternoon jam sessions at several different recording studios along 52nd Street. Later the jam sessions moved to the nearby jazz club, Jimmy Ryan's.

In 1938 Gabler founded the Commodore music label. It was the first American recording label created exclusively for jazz music. A recording session for Eddie Condon's Windy City Seven at Brunswick Studios was the first original Commodore recording. In 1939 Gabler recorded Billie Holiday's controversial "Strange Fruit", which became Commodore's first major commercial success. Other notable Commodore artists include Sidney Bechet, Jonah Jones, Peck Kelley, Red Norvo, Ralph Sutton, and Teddy Wilson. Gabler began as a staff producer at Decca Records in 1941 and worked with artists from many different musical genres: Ella Fitzgerald, Bing Crosby, Judy Garland, Brenda Lee, the Weavers, and Louis Jordan, among others. Gabler also began writing lyrics in collaboration with Decca songwriters/composers. In 1954 Gabler produced the first recordings by Bill Haley and the Comets. In addition, Gabler continued to run the Commodore recording label until 1957. Gabler also managed the Commodore Music Shop until 1958, when he began working full-time at Decca as Vice-President in Charge of Artists and Repertoire. Throughout the 1960's Gabler served as lyricist in a number of collaborations with Bert Kaempfert and Herbert Rehbein. Gabler retained his influential position at Decca until 1974 when the corporation moved to the West Coast. Through the Decca years, Gabler had saved the Commodore masters and in 1974 began to reissue the recordings through Atlantic, Columbia Special Products, and finally United Hot Clubs of America. In 1987 Mosaic Records also began to reissue the entire catalog of Commodore recordings.

In the last decades of his life Gabler remained active in a number of professional organizations, most notably the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, which bestowed upon him a Grammy lifetime achievement award in 1991. Gabler died in New York on July 20, 2001.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Milt Gabler estate, through Lee Gabler.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Some materials restricted; but most are available for unrestricted research access on site by appointment.

Several items of personal correspondence contained private medical information about living individuals. The originals were removed and will remain sealed until 2030. Copies with the sensitive information redacted are available for research use in the collection.

Access to audio recordings for which no reference copy exists requires special arrangements with Archives Center staff. Please ask the reference archivist for additional information.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Music publishers  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Composition (Music)  Search this
Music trade  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Musicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Legal records
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Catalogs
Correspondence -- 20th century
Financial records
Music -- Manuscripts
Bank statements
Autobiographies
Articles
Tax records
Business records -- 20th century
Newsletters -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Recordings
Sheet music -- 20th century
Citation:
Milt Gabler Papers, 1927-2001, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0849
See more items in:
Milt Gabler Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0849
Online Media:

Herman Leonard Photographic Collection

Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Former owner:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Brown, Clifford Mr  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Haig, Al, 1924-1982  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Marsalis, Wynton, 1961-  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar, 1922-1960  Search this
Roach, Max, 1924-2007  Search this
Russell, Curly  Search this
Sims, Zoot  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1948-1993
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 110 black-and-white photographic prints depicting musicians performing at various American and European jazz clubs between 1948 and 1991. The collection contains mounted and unmounted 11" x 14" and 16" x 20" prints made by Leonard. Artists represented among these photographs are Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, and Thelonious Monk. The photographs are organized into three series: Series 1: 11"x 14" prints, Series 2: 16" x 20" prints, and Series 3: Addenda. The series are arranged alphabetically by performer's last name. Unmatted 16" x 20" prints can be found in box 2 but are listed alphabetically by performer.
Biographical / Historical:
Herman Leonard (1923‑ ) was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and served as a military photographer in Burma during World War II. He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in photography from Ohio University and began working with Yousuf Karsh, a Canadian portraitist. Settling in New York in 1949, Leonard began photographing jazz musicians at various jazz clubs on Broadway and Fifty‑Second Streets, and in Harlem for such publications as Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Life, Look, Playboy, and Time. He later to Paris to begin a fashion and advertising business. He also continued photographing jazz musicians. In 1988 Leonard presented his first exhibition, "Images of Jazz," in London. This show established his reputation as a leading photographer of jazz and sparked further shows and publications.
Provenance:
The Herman Leonard Photographs were donated to the National Museum of American History by Mr. Leonard on December 17, 1991 and in 2006.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0445
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0445
Online Media:

Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection

Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Names:
Apollo Theatre (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
30 Cubic feet (352 film reels , 16 mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Place:
Harlem (New York, N.Y.) -- 20th century
Date:
1894-1979
Summary:
More than 300 reels of 16mm black and white and color film, silent and sound, fiction and documentary motion picture film documenting jazz and related musical performances, social and popular dance styles and performances, jazz musicians, performance locales, and documentation of African-American popular culture. A list of featured performers in the collection is shown below. The films are frequently compilations produced by Smith for lectures.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 352 reels of 16mm motion picture film. Most of the film is 16mm black and white and sound (composite optical track print), although a few titles are silent or in color. The collection is comprised of compilation reels created by Ernie Smith to accompany his lectures, topical compilation reels created by Ernie Smith, compilation reels created by the Archives Center, and single title reels. The Archives Center produced master and reference video copies using a wet-gate telecine film-to-tape transfer system. Titles were often combined to allow for increased ease of handling, storage, and duplication.

The collection is strongest in the areas of jazz dance styles including Lindy Hop and tap, overviews of jazz musical performers and styles; specific jazz musicians and performers including Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Cab Calloway, Woody Herman, Artie Shaw, Bob Crosby, Lionel Hampton, Count Basie, Jack Teagarden as well as a wide range of female vocalists; and documentation of the New York jazz and club scene. The collection includes feature films and excerpts from feature films, Soundies and other film shorts, television kinescopes, and documentary films.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series and is not arranged in accordance with standard archival procedures. The breadth of the collection and the existence of so many multiple topic and/or performer compilation reels made it impossible to impose traditional archival series order. Therefore, each reel is described at the item level in the container list.
Biographical / Historical:
Ernie Smith began collecting jazz-related film in 1955. He wrote the entry about jazz film in the "Grove Dictionary of Jazz," and worked with Marshall Stearns on the book "Jazz Dance."
Ernest (Ernie) Smith began collecting jazz and jazz dance films during the mid-1950s. An Art Director for a New York advertising agency, Smith had a long-standing interest in jazz and jazz dance that began during his youth in Pittsburgh, Pa. Early on, Smith discovered that jazz music was best appreciated while dancing. He became an accomplished Lindy Hopper, frequenting both white and African American ballrooms.

His job at the advertising agency supported Smith's two passions - painting and jazz dance and music. Smith was also a film enthusiast so, in 1954, after taking a jazz class at the New School taught by Marshall Stearns, a leading jazz scholar, he began collecting examples of jazz and jazz dance on film. In the process of creating his film collection, Smith became one of the leading authorities on jazz and jazz dance films. He collaborated with Stearns on the 1964 book Jazz Dance, compiling the book's jazz dance film listing. He also wrote the extensive entry on jazz film for the 1988 edition of New Grove Dictionary of Jazz .

Smith built his film collection by identifying films of potential interest and acquiring them through trade and purchase. He created lecture reels on specific topics -- the history of jazz, social dance, tap dance, Duke Ellington, Lindy Hop -- and presented lecture/screenings nationally and internationally. He also provided footage for numerous documentaries and maintained active relationships with filmmakers, other film collectors, jazz scholars, the swing dance community, and musicians.

Ernie Smith donated his film collection to the Archives Center in 1993. He continues to lecture and participate in swing dance activities, but he devotes the majority of his time to painting and related artistic pursuits.
Provenance:
The Archives Center acquired the collection from Ernie Smith in 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Tap dancing -- 1930-1970  Search this
Motion pictures and music -- 1930-1970  Search this
Dancing in motion pictures, television, etc. -- 1930-1970  Search this
Television and music -- 1930-1970  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1930-1970  Search this
Jazz dance -- 1930-1970  Search this
African Americans in the performing arts -- 1930-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 20th century
Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0491
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0491

Social Dance

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0001
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1903-1961
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. Dance du Ventre (two parts)

Copyright: 1894

Corporate Creator: American Mutoscope and Biograph Co., Edison Mfg.

2. Cakewalk

Descriptive Summary: silent

Copyright: 1903

3. Uncle Tom's Cabin,

Descriptive Summary: silent, Tom and Little Eva in the Garden

Copyright: 1903

4. Ballyhoo Cakewalk

Descriptive Summary: silent

Copyright: 1903

Corporate Creator: Biograph

5. Country Cakewalk

Copyright: 1929

Song Title(s): "At a Georgia Camp Meeting"

6. The Whirl of Life, excerpt

Copyright: 1915

Corporate Creator: Cort Film Corp.

Director: Oliver D. Bailey

Performer(s): Vernon and Irene Castle

7. Untitled, silent, ca. 1920s

8. Charleston demonstration,

Corporate Creator: Pathe

9. New Orleans Jazz Funeral, excerpt

Copyright: ca. 1961

Producer: New Orleans Jazz Club

Performer(s): The Eureka Brass Band

10. Unidentified guitarist with a female dancer

11. "It's Easy to Shuffle Along", excerpt

Copyright: 1929

Performer(s): Nina Mae McKinney

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1188

History of Jazz

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0002-1
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1929-1943
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. St. Louis Blues, excerpt

Copyright: 1929

Corporate Creator: Gramercy Studios, RKO Radio Pictures, Inc.

Producer: W.C. Handy

Director: Dudley Murphy

Performer(s): Bessie Smith and James P. Johnson

Song Title(s): "St. Louis Blues"

2. Black and Tan, excerpt

Copyright: 1929

Corporate Creator: RKO Radio Pictures

Director: Dudley Murphy

Performer(s): Duke Ellington, Arthur Whetsol, Otto Hardwick, Joe Nanton, Barney Bigard, Fredi Washington and the Ellington Orchestra

Song Title(s): "Black and Tan Fantasy"

3. "Rhythm is Our Business"

Copyright: 1937

Performer(s): Jimmy Lunceford and His Orchestra

4. "Reefer Man"

Copyright: 1933

Performer(s): Cab Calloway and His Harlemanics

5. Hollywood Hotel, excerpt

Copyright: 1937

Corporate Creator: Warner Brothers

Director: Busby Berkeley

Performer(s): Harry James, Benny Goodman Quartet with Teddy Wilson, Gene Krupa and Lionel Hampton

Song Title(s): a. "Sing, Sing, Sing", Goodman Quartet, solos by Krupa, James and Goodman b. "I Got Rhythm"

6. Reveille with Beverly, excerpt

Copyright: 1943

Corporate Creator: Columbia Pictures

Producer: Sam White

Director: Charles Barton

Performer(s): Ann Miller, Count Basie and His Orchestra

Song Title(s): "One O'clock Jump"

7. "Honeysuckle Rose"

Copyright: 1941

Corporate Creator: Official Films

Performer(s): Fats Waller

8. Hit Parade of 1937, excerpt

Copyright: 1937

Corporate Creator: Republic Films

Director: Gus Meins

Performer(s): Duke Ellington and His Orchestra: Hardwick, Hodges, Bigard, Carney (reeds), Stewart, Williams, Whetsol (trumpets), Nanton, Tizol, Brown (trombones), Ellington, Guy, Alvis, Taylor, Greer (rhythm), vocals by Ivie Anderson, Hayes Alvis, Rex Stewart and Harry Carney

Song Title(s): "I've Got to be a Rug Cutter"

9. Reveille with Beverly, excerpt

Copyright: 1943 Performance Date: October 8th, 1942

Corporate Creator: Columbia Pictures

Producer: Sam White

Director: Charles Barton

Performer(s): Duke Ellington and His Orchestra, (incl: Toby Hardwick, Rex Stewart,

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1191

History of Jazz

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0002-2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
ca 1940s-1961
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. Music in America, An amalgam of snippets, including: behind the scenes at Tin Pan Alley; Perry Como singing "Now"; "Your Hit Parade" excerpt; George Gershwin at the piano playing "I Got Rhythm"; Benny Goodman Orchestra; Dixieland Jass Band playing "Livery Stable Blues"; comments by narrator, "jazz is synonymous with cheap music"; a shot of some early books on jazz includingJazzmen and The Hot Discography; Benny Goodman as guest lecturer at Juilliard; Art Tatum at The Three Dueces; a scene at Eddie Condon's with Wild Bill Davison, Davie Tough and Brad Gowans.

2. "Honky Tonk Train"

Copyright: 1961

Performer(s): Meade Lux Lewis

3. "Things to Come"

Copyright: 1946

Performer(s): Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra, Milt Jackson on vibes

4. "Back O'Town Blues"

Copyright: ca. early 1950s

Performer(s): Louis Armstrong All-Stars, vocal by Armstrong, Teagarden absent

5. The Sound of Jazz, excerpt

Copyright: 1957

Corporate Creator: CBS, The Seven Lively Arts (Studio 58)

Producer: Robert Herridge

Director: Jack Smight

Performer(s): Jimmy Rushing vocals, the Count Basie Orchestra, narration by John Crosby

Song Title(s): "I Left My Baby"

6. Charlie Parker-Dizzy Gillespie Quintet, ca. late 1940s

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1194

History of Jazz

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0002-3
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1946-1957
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. "Tacata" Performance Date: 1946

Performer(s): Dizzy Gillespie Quintet, incl: Leo Wright, flute and Lalo Schifrin, piano

2. The Sound of Jazz, excerpt

Copyright: 1957

Corporate Creator: CBS, The Seven Lively Arts (Studio 58)

Producer: Robert Herridge

Director: Jack Smight

Performer(s): Thelonious Monk

Song Title(s): "Blue Monk"

3. "God Bless the Child" Performance Date: 1950

Performer(s): vocals by Billie Holiday with the Count Basie Sextet

4. The Sound of Jazz, excerpt

Copyright: 1957

Corporate Creator: CBS, The Seven Lively Arts (Studio 58)

Producer: Robert Herridge

Director: Jack Smight

Performer(s): Billie Holiday vocals, the Count Basie Orchestra incl: Lester Young, Coleman Hawkins and Ben Webster

Song Title(s): "Fine and Mellow"

5. The Sound of Miles Davis Performance Date: 1957

Producer: Robert Herridge Director Jack Smight

Performer(s): Miles Davis

Song Title(s): "So What"

6. "Rockin' Chair" Performance Date: 1950

Performer(s): Louis Armstrong-Jack Teagarden All Stars incl: Cozy Cole, Peanuts Hucko, Bobby Hackett, and others, vocals by Armstrong and Teagarden

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1197

Spreading Rhythm Around

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF003-1
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1903-1945
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 840f., b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. Dance in Pajamas, silent

Copyright: 1903

Corporate Creator: American Mutoscope and Biograph Co.

2. 42nd St., excerpt

Copyright: 1933

Corporate Creator: Warner Brothers

Director: Lloyd Bacon

Performer(s): Ruby Keeler

3. Turn On the Red Hot Heat [probably from 52nd Street] Performance Date: 1937

Performer(s): Dorothy Salter, Maurice Rocco and dance company

4. Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, excerpt

Copyright: 1938

Corporate Creator: 20th Century Fox

Producer: 20th Century Fox

Director: Allan Dwan

Performer(s): Bill Robinson and Shirley Temple

Song Title(s): "The Toy Trumpet"

5. Unidentified musical number and "Anchors Aweigh"

Copyright: 1945

Performer(s): Jean Aloise

6. Unidentified movie excerpt

Copyright: 1941

Performer(s): unidentified female dancer, Louis DaPron with Bill Wills and His Texas Playboys

7. "Truckin'"

Copyright: 1936

Performer(s): Ina Ray Hutton and Her All Girl Orchestra

8. "La Cucaracha"

Copyright: 1941

Performer(s): Rita Rio and Her All Girl Orchestra, vocals and dance by Rio

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1200

Spreading Rhythm Around

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0003-2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1935-1944
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 918f., b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. George White's Scandals of 1935, excerpt

Copyright: 1935

Corporate Creator: 20th Century Fox

Producer: George White

Director: Harry Lachman and George White

Performer(s): Eleanor Powell

Song Title(s): "It's An Old Southern Custom"

2. Born to Dance, excerpt

Copyright: 1936

Corporate Creator: MGM

Producer: Jack Cummings

Director: Roy del Ruth

Performer(s): sung by Frances Langford, Buddy Ebsen and the Foursome, danced by Eleanor Powell and Buddy Ebsen

Song Title(s): "Swingin' the Jinx Away"

3. King of Burlesque, excerpt

Copyright: 1935

Corporate Creator: 20th Century Fox

Producer: Darryl F. Zanuck

Director: Sidney Lanfield

Performer(s): Dixie Dunbar and Fats Waller

Song Title(s): "I've Got My Fingers Crossed"

4. Hey, Rookie, excerpt

Copyright: 1944

Corporate Creator: Columbia Pictures

Producer: Irving Briskin

Director: Charles Barton

Performer(s): Ann Miller

Song Title(s): "Streamlined Sheik"

5. Broadway Melody of 1940, excerpt

Copyright: 1940

Corporate Creator: MGM

Producer: Jack Cummings

Director: Norman Taurog

Performer(s): Fred Astaire, Eleanor Powell and George Murphy

Song Title(s): "Begin the Beguine"

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1203

Crazy Feet

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0004
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1903-1964
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 1718f., b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. Three teen-age "street boys"

Descriptive Summary: silent

Copyright: 1903

2. Cakewalk

Descriptive Summary: silent

Copyright: 1903 (see also 491.1(2))

3. "Tiger Rag"

Copyright: 1929

Performer(s): James Barton

4. Symphony in Black: A Rhapsody of Negro Life, (excerpt from 491.29)

Copyright: 1935

Corporate Creator: Paramount Pictures

Producer: Adolph Zukor

Director: Fred Waller

Performer(s): Snake Hips Tucker, Duke Ellington and His Orchestra incl. Greer, Hodges, Whetsol and Jenkins

Song Title(s): "Merry-Go-Round", part Four-Harlem Rhythm

5. "Harlem Harmony"

Copyright: 1932

Performer(s): Cab Calloway, introduction by James Wallington

Song Title(s): "Harlem Harmony"

6. Snow White (see also 491.187)

Copyright: 1933

Corporate Creator: Fleischer Studios, distributed by Paramount Pictures

Producer: Max Fleischer

Director: Dave Fleischer

Performer(s): Cab Calloway, voice of Betty Boop is Mae Questel

Song Title(s): "St. James Infirmary Blues", vocals by Calloway and Questel

7. "Christopher Columbus"

Copyright: 1937

Performer(s): Stringbean, Jimmy Lunceford and His Orchestra, (Willie Smith on alto sax)

8. "Nagasaki"

Copyright: 1934

Performer(s): Red and Struggie, Lucky Millinder's Orchestra

9. unidentified clip

Copyright: ca. early 1940s

Performer(s): Slick and Slack, (bass drum reads Chris and Crew)

10. "Solid Sending Soft Shoe Specialist"

Copyright: 1944

Performer(s): Rubberneck Holmes

11. Stump and Stumpy

Copyright: 1948

12. "Ain't Misbehaven"

Copyright: 1948 Performer(s) Patterson and Jackson

13. Raymond Kaylund

Copyright: 1941

Performer(s): Jimmy Lunceford and His Orchestra

Descriptive Summary: Same setting as #7, but noted as 1941

14. A Bundle of Blues, excerpt

Copyright: 1933

Corporate Creator: Paramount Pictures

Performer(s): Bessie Dudley and Florence Hill, Duke Ellington and His Orchestra personnel: Hardwick, Hodges, Bigard, Carney (reeds), Whetsol, Williams, Jenkins (trumpets), Nanton, Tizol, Brown (trombones), Ellington, Guy, Broad, Greer (rhythm)

Song Title(s): "Bugle Call Rag"

15. "Bugle Call Rag"

Copyright: 1938

Performer(s): Miss Harris

16. "It Don't Mean A Thing" and an unidentified musical number

Copyright: 1939

Performer(s): Miller and Rhodes, unidentified young female

17. Follow the Boys, excerpt

Descriptive Summary: An excerpt from a George Raft film.

Copyright: 1944

Corporate Creator: Universal Films Producer(s): Charles K. Feldman, Albert L. Rockett

Director: A. Edward Sutherland Performer(s):

Song Title(s): "Sweet Georgia Brown"

18. Al Minns and Leon James; Playboy Club Show, excerpt

Descriptive Summary: an excerpt from 491.5

Copyright: 1964

Corporate Creator: Playboy Magazine/Enterprises

Producer: Dan Schuffman

Director: Dan Schuffman

Performer(s): Al Minns and Leon James

Song Title(s): Camptown Races, "Charleston", "Stompin' at the Savoy", "One O'Clock Jump", "How High the Moon"

19. The Berry Brothers

Copyright: ca. late 1940s, early 1950s

Performer(s): Introduced by Phil Silvers, The Berry Brothers

20. Three scat-singing unidentified male dancers

21. Two unidentified male dancers

22. Jump rope dancer

Corporate Creator: Vitaphone, Warner Brothers

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1206

Lindy Hop - George Snowden 1929 to Hellzapoppin'

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0007
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1929-1964
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. "Sweet Sue"

Copyright: 1929

Performer(s): George "Shorty" Snowden and dancers; Hotfoot Bennett and Lizzie Highfly, Albert Hemingway and Buzz Saw Mamie, Shorty Stump and Liza Underdunk, George Snowden, Chick Webb Orchestra

2. Dance contest at Savoy Ballroom

Descriptive Summary: silent

Copyright: 1938

Corporate Creator: Paramount News Feature

Performer(s): Leon James and the Roy Eldridge Orchestra

3. Life in Harlem-A Documentary Film of American's Negro Metropolis

Descriptive Summary: Savoy ballroom scene, excerpt from 491.13

Copyright: 1940

Corporate Creator: Harry M. Popkin

Producer: Edward W. Lewis

4. A Day at the Races, excerpt

Descriptive Summary: Barn dance scene

Copyright: 1937

Corporate Creator: MGM

Producer: Sam Wood

Director: Sam Wood

Performer(s): The Marx Brothers

5. "The Shag"

Copyright: 1937

Descriptive Summary: Arthur Murray and four couples demonstrate the Shag

6. Eight Raggle Taggles

Copyright: 1939

Corporate Creator: Pictoreel

7. "Broome Street"

Copyright: 1941

Performer(s): Glen Gray, Casa Loma Orchestra and the Broome Street Dancers

8. "The Arts - Swing King Gives Benefit Concert"

Descriptive Summary: described by Andre Baruch, silent

9. "Jive - The dance of the Rising Generation"

Performer(s): British Lindy Hoppers

10. "Hot Chocolate" (REVERSE IMAGE)

Copyright: 1941

Corporate Creator: Soundie

Producer: Sam Coslow

Director: Josef Berne

Performer(s): Whitey's Lindy Hoppers including Frank Manning, Al Minns, Billy Ricker, Norma Miller, Duke Ellington and His Orchestra with solos by Ben Webster and Harry Carney, "Cottontail"

11. "Sugar Hill Masquerade" (REVERSE IMAGE)

Copyright: 1942 Performance Date:

Corporate Creator: Soundie, Monoco Productions

Performer(s): Hot Lips Fuller and Rubber Arms Marshall, Walter Fuller and Whitey's Lindy Hoppers, Gene Krupa Orchestra with Roy Eldridge

Song Title(s): "After You've Gone"

12. Lindy Hoppers

Copyright: 1943

Performer(s): Leon James and others, Cootie Williams Orchestra

13. The Big Apple

Copyright: 1943

Performer(s): Whitey's Lindy Hoppers incl. Frank Manning, Norma Miller, Al Minns

14. Jammin' the Blues, excerpt

Descriptive Summary: excerpt from the movie

Copyright: 1944

Corporate Creator: Warner Brothers

Producer: Gordan Hollingshead

Director: Gjon Mili

Performer(s): dancers: Marie Bryant, Archie Savage, musicians: Lester Young, Ilinois Jacquet, Harry Edison, Jo Jones, Barney Kessel, Marlowe Morris, Gene Ramey

15. "Twelfth Street Rag", excerpt

Copyright: 1964

Performer(s): Al Minns and Leon James

16. "I'm Gonna Rock It Up at the Ball Tonight"

Copyright: 1950

Performer(s): Billy Haley and His Comets

17. The Sensational Congaroos

Copyright: 1948

Performer(s): Frank Manning and others introduced by Andy Kirk

18. Hellzapoppin', excerpt

Copyright: 1941

Corporate Creator: Universal

Producer: Jules Levy

Director: H.C. Potter

Performer(s): choreographed by Nick Castle and Frank Manning

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1209

History of Tap (Fascinating Rhythms)

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0008-1
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1893-ca. early 1950s
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 1162f., b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. Small boy dancing on a barge

Descriptive Summary: silent

Copyright: 1893

2. Two young boys dancing on a flat-bed truck

Copyright: 1929

3. The Buck Dance

Copyright: early 1950s

Performer(s): Horace Sprott

4. Stair dance

Copyright: 1932

Performer(s): Bill Robinson

5. King for a Day, excerpt

Copyright: 1934

Corporate Creator: The Vitaphone Corporation

Director: Roy Mack

Performer(s): Bill Robinson

Song Title(s): "Old Folks at Home", "Old Black Joe", etc.

6. Tip, Tap, and Toe

Copyright: 1936

Performer(s): Sammy Green, Teddy Frazier and Raymond Winfield

7. Tip, Tap, and Toe

Copyright: 1944

Performer(s): Sammy Green, Teddy Frazier and Raymond Winfield with the Jack Teagarden Orchestra

Song Title(s): "Stompin' at the Savoy"

8. Ace Gibson and Eddie Thompson

Copyright: 1933

9. Varsity Show, excerpt

Copyright: 1937

Corporate Creator: Warner Brothers

Producer: Louis F. Edelman

Director: William Keighley

Performer(s): Dick Powell, John Bubbles and Buck Washington

10. Unidentified

Copyright: early 1960s

Performer(s): John Bubbles, dance and song later joined by Perry Como

11. Unidentified

Copyright: 1933

Performer(s): Sammy Davis, Jr., as a young boy

12. An All Colored Vaudeville Show

Copyright: 1935

Corporate Creator: The Vitaphone Company

Director: Roy Mack

Performer(s): The Nicholas Brothers

13. Stormy Weather, excerpt

Copyright: 1943

Corporate Creator: 20th Century Fox

Producer: William LeBaron

Director: Andrew L. Stone

Performer(s): The Nicholas Brothers, Cab Calloway Orchestra

Song Title(s): "The Jumpin' Jive"

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1212

History of Tap (Fascinating Rhythms)

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0008-2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Date:
1939-1965
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 1068f., b&w, a compilation reel created by Ernie Smith

1. Steve Condos dancing with the Buddy Rich Orchestra, 1939

2. Movie excerpt featuring the Berry Brothers, 1950

3. "The World is Waiting for the Sunrise", Bill Bailey, 1952

4. Carolina Blues, excerpt

Descriptive Summary: a production number from the motion-picture

Copyright: 1944

Corporate Creator: Columbia Pictures

Producer: Samuel Bischoff

Director: Leigh Jason

Performer(s): Kay Kyser and His Orchestra with Harold Nicholas

Song Title(s): "Mr. Beebe"

5. Bunny Briggs, 1950

6. Jimmy Slyde, 1959

7. "The Lawrence Welk Show"

Copyright: 1964

Performer(s): Arthur Duncan sings and dances accompanied by The Lawrence Welk Orchestra

Song Title(s): "Happy Feet"

8. Camera Three

Copyright: 1965

Corporate Creator: WCBS-TV, New York State Education Dept. Performer(s): Honi Coles and Cholly Atkins

Song Title(s): "Doin the New Lowdown"

Descriptive Summary: an excerpt from 491.9

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1215

History of Tap

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0347
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 650f., b&w, an Ernie Smith compilation reel (short version):

1. Rufus Jones for President, excerpt

Descriptive Summary:

Copyright: 1933 Performance Date:

Corporate Creator: Vitaphone Corporation

Producer:

Director: Roy Mack

Performer(s): Sammy Davis, Jr., Ethel Waters, Hamtree Harrington, Dusty Fletcher, Edgar O'Connor

Song Title(s):

2. Kid Millions, excerpt

Descriptive Summary:

Copyright: 1934

Corporate Creator: Howard Productions, Samuel Goldwyn Co.

Producer: Samuel Goldwyn

Director: Roy del Ruth

Performer(s): The Nicholas Brothers

Song Title(s):

3. "Sheik of Araby", 1940?, production number from Tin Pan Alley? with the Berry Brothers or the Nicholas Brothers

4. Jimmy Slyde, ca. 1959

5. Bunny Briggs, ca.. 1954, with a Frank Sinatra introduction from the Rudy Vallee tv show

6. Coles and Atkins, Camera Three

Descriptive Summary: b&w, an excerpt, see 491.9

Copyright: 1965

Corporate Creator: WCBS-TV/New York State Education Program

Producer: Dan Gallagher

Director: Nick Havings

Performer(s): Honi Coles and Cholly Atkins Song Title(s):

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 1: Ernie Smith Presentation Reels
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1218

Al Minns & Leon James, Playboy Club

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0005
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 676f., b&w, demonstration of several dances, performed to the compositions below, respectively: Cakwalk, Charleston, Lindy Hop, Big Apple, How to Ask a Girl to Dance in 1935 and ditto 1945

Corporate Creator: Playboy Magazine/Enterprises

Producer: Dan Schuffman

Director: Dan Schuffman

Performer(s): Al Minns & Leon James with the Mae Barnes Trio and commentary by Hugh Hefner and Marshall Stearns

Song Title(s):

1. "Camptown Races"

2. "Charleston"

3. "Stompin' at the Savoy"

4. "One O'Clock Jump"

5. "Stompin' at the Savoy"

6. "How High the Moon"

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 2: Additional Titles
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1222

Tapdancin'

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0006-1
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 1596f., b&w, series of demonstrations and interviews including: children's tap dance class taught by Phil Black; The Capasetics; Third Generation Step; Maceo Anderson of the Four Step Brothers; Four Step Brothers dance routine; Maceo Anderson demo of Buck Dance; film clip of Bojangles; interview with John Bubbles; clip of Buck and Bubbles; Nicholas Brothers; Harold Nicholas and the Four Step Brothers; Nicholas Brothers film clips and dressing room interview; interview with Camden Richman; Honi Coles; Coles and Atkins dance to "Doin' the New Lowdown"; Cholly Atkins; Tap Jazz Percussion Ensemble

Copyright: 1980

Corporate Creator: Blackwood Films

Producer: Christian Blackwood

Director: Christian Blackwood

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 2: Additional Titles
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1225

Tapdancin'

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0006-2
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 1134f., b&w, series of demonstrations and interviews including: Tap Jazz Percussion Ensemble; Tommy Tune practicing at home; Jerry Ames interview; Lon Chaney interview and dance to "Perdido"; Buster Brown interview and dance; Ralph Brown; Chuck Greene; The Hoofers; Honi Coles; Phil Black and his tap dance class

Copyright: 1980

Corporate Creator: Blackwood Films

Producer: Christian Blackwood

Director: Christian Blackwood

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 2: Additional Titles
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1228

Camera Three, Coles & Atkins - Over the Top to Bebop

Collection Performer:
Basie, Count, 1904-  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Collector:
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Extent:
1 Motion picture film
Container:
Reel AC0491-OF0009
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Motion picture films
Scope and Contents note:
Descriptive Summary: 1020f., b&w, a brief history of tap with the steps being demonstrated by Coles and Atkins; tributes paid to Bojangles and Bubbles

Copyright: 1965

Corporate Creator: WCBS-TV/New York State Education Program

Producer: Dan Gallagher

Director: Nick Havings

Performer(s): Honi Coles and Cholly Atkins, commentary by Marshall Stearns

Song Title(s):

1. "Doin' the New Lowdown"

2. "Takin' a Chance on Love"

Video reference copy
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection
Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection / Series 2: Additional Titles
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0491-ref1231

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