Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
71 documents - page 1 of 4

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Woman's rain or wedding sash

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Donald Keevama (Donald Kevama), Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
Mid-America Arts Alliance  Search this
Donor:
Mid-America Arts Alliance  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's rain or wedding sash
Media/Materials:
Cotton cord/cordage
Techniques:
Woven, fringed
Dimensions:
264 x 42 x 1 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Date created:
1989
Catalog Number:
25/4072
Barcode:
254072.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66199b5fa-32fe-4679-9a5c-73c5f29b382f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_270066
Online Media:

Indian girls weaving baskets--village of Shipaulovi, Hopi Reservation, Arizona. 6184 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Adamson, Glenn  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Culture:
Hopi Indians -- Arizona  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Arizona
Shipaulovi (Arizona)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21041
General:
Same as RSN 21042.
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
6443
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses -- Arizona  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Baskets -- Arizona  Search this
Handicraft -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8836324fe-d572-463a-bd3b-3afe894b7411
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27318

Indian girls weaving baskets--village of Shipaulovi, Hopi Reservation, Arizona. No. 6184 : stereoscopic interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
Adamson, Glenn  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (piece, 5" x 8".)
Culture:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Arizona -- 1890-1920
Shipaulovi (Ariz.)
Local Numbers:
RSN 21042
General:
Same as RSN 21041
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
6443
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Adobe houses  Search this
Indians of North America -- 1890-1920  Search this
Baskets  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1890-1920 -- Interpositives -- Glass.
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 21027-21126
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a723265a-c0cb-4915-9cee-1c0c0457434b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27319

H.E. Hoopes and A.C. Vroman photograph album relating to Southwest Pueblos and Diné (Navajo)

Creator:
Hoopes, H. E. (Homer E.)  Search this
Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark), 1856-1916  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic album
77 Photographic prints (platinum)
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Hopi [Sichomovi]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic albums
Photographic prints
Place:
Petrified Forest National Park (Ariz.)
Sichomovi (Arizona)
Arizona -- Mishongnovi
Arizona -- Oraibi
Arizona -- Shipaulovi
Arizona -- Walpi
Arizona -- Hano
Date:
1902
Scope and Contents note:
The collection comprises an album of 77 platinum photographic prints made by H. E. Hoopes and A.C. Vroman. The photographs document people, domestic activities, and ceremonies at Acoma, Hano, Isleta, Laguna, and the Hopi towns of Mishongnovi, Oraibi, and Sichomovi, including the Flute Dance at Mishongnovi and the Snake Dance at Oraibi. There are also a few photographs of Diné (Navajo) people and scenic views of the Petrified Forest.
Biographical/Historical note:
Homer Eachus Hoopes was born in Lima, Pennsylvania in 1848. He was a pharmacist in Media, Pennsylvania and member of a camera club that included A. C. Vroman. These photographs were probably made on one of the camera club's excursions and, as such, some of his photographs are similar to those of other club members.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 16, USNM ACC 40432
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional H.E. Hoopes photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24. Additional A.C. Vroman photographs held in Photo Lot 176 and Photo Lot 59.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Snake dance  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 16, Photograph album relating to Southwest Pueblos and other communities, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.16
See more items in:
H.E. Hoopes and A.C. Vroman photograph album relating to Southwest Pueblos and Diné (Navajo)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3356422e2-a7b3-491f-b85c-d97667f15509
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-16

John K. Hillers photographs of Pueblos

Photographer:
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Artist:
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Names:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
40 Mounted prints (circa, albumen)
Culture:
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Place:
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Date:
1870s-1880s
bulk 1879-1879
Scope and Contents note:
The collection primarily consists of photographs made by John K. Hillers for the Bureau of American Ethnology documenting pueblos, cliff and rock dwellings, and people in Arizona and New Mexico. The photographs depict Navajo, Zuni, Taos, Oraibi, Walpi, Tesuque, Sichomovi, Cochiti, Mishongnavi, and Shipaulovi Pueblos. There are also pictures of mounds, possibly in West Virginia, and a Hobart Nichols drawing of the interior of a Pueblo dwelling. The bulk of the photographs are on BAE mounts, of which some are stamped "Compliments of J. W. Powell". Several of the images were made during the United States Geological Survey in 1885.
Biographical/Historical note:
John K. Hillers (1843-1925) immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1852. He spent almost twenty years photographing Native Americans, largely for the Bureau of American Ethnology and the United States Geological Survey. He began work on the Survey as a boatman on John Wesley Powell's second expedition down the Colorado River in 1871. He soon became the assistant, and then main photographer (1872) for the expedition. From 1879 to 1900, Hillers served as the first staff photographer of the Bureau of Ethnology, and in 1881 he took pictures for the United States Geological Survey.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 143
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Hillers photographs in the National Anthropological Archives can be found in Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 83-18, Photo Lot 87-2N, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 92-46, and the BAE historical negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Hillers's diary from 1871-1872 and 1874, 1875 (MS 4410).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 143, John K. Hillers photographs of Pueblos, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.143
See more items in:
John K. Hillers photographs of Pueblos
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw335fc19c3-2fea-40cf-892d-5b2e8e2ff443
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-143

View of Pueblo

Creator:
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (009 in x 013 in mounted on 011 in x 014 in)
Culture:
Hopi  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02627700

OPPS NEG.1886B
Local Note:
Photo 1884 or Before ?
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Arizona -- Shipaulovi Pueblo
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 28, Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collection relating to archeology and burial mounds, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photograph collection relating to archeology, burial mounds, and the Southwest
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw349634915-5b4f-4d1a-8cb9-f119c8446554
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-28-ref575

View of Mishongovi Pueblo from Shipaulovi Pueblo; Pottery And Basket on Terrace; Kiva Entrance Nearby

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 007 in mounted on 004 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Hopi  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1881
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02711101
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Arizona -- Mishongnovi Pueblo/Shipaulovi Pueblo
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 37, Photographs of North American geology and scenery,National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of North American geology and scenery
Photographs of North American geology and scenery / Scenic views
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f31efc7a-aca1-473b-b097-6ee97597089e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-37-ref1069

View of Courtyard and Adobe House Clusters, Showing Group Of Saddled Horses, House Ladders, Stacks of Firewood, Chimneys Topped with Pots and Group on Housetop

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 007 in mounted on 004 in x 007 in)
Culture:
Hopi  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1881
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.02711302
Local Note:
Black and white photoprint on cardboard mount
Place:
Arizona -- Shipaulovi Pueblo
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Photo lot 37, Photographs of North American geology and scenery,National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Photographs of North American geology and scenery
Photographs of North American geology and scenery / Scenic views
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3946ef03e-1983-4a1f-94e1-ee96911a1525
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-37-ref1074

Hopi Indian women weaving baskets

Creator:
Keystone View Company  Search this
Underwood and Underwood  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 3.5 in.)
Culture:
Hopi -- Shipaulovi  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
The item is number V23186 of an unidentified series. The number I58 is stamped on the front of the photograph. Three women are weaving trays.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09919700
Other Title:
"Indian girls weaving baskets. Vilage of Shipaulovi, Hopi Reservation, Arizona."
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw337577b9d-e65c-4349-bf5e-694385cd6fe0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref1500

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Donald Keevama (Donald Kevama), Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
Mid-America Arts Alliance  Search this
Donor:
Mid-America Arts Alliance  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Cotton yarn
Techniques:
Woven, fringed
Dimensions:
274 x 9.4 x 1 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Date created:
1989
Catalog Number:
25/4071
Barcode:
254071.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b0667b23-f3a5-475f-a320-bd2aded60a50
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_270065
Online Media:

Basket plaque

Culture/People:
Hopi [Second Mesa]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Rita Nuvangyaoma, Hopi [Second Mesa], b. ca. 1925  Search this
Collector:
Mid-America Arts Alliance  Search this
Previous owner:
Mid-America Arts Alliance  Search this
Donor:
Mid-America Arts Alliance  Search this
Object Name:
Basket plaque
Media/Materials:
Galleta grass, yucca fiber
Techniques:
Coiled
Dimensions:
31 x 3.5 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Date created:
1989
Catalog Number:
25/4073
Barcode:
254073.000
See related items:
Hopi [Second Mesa]
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6dfcc13d7-2b72-41f2-a000-2a19ee2245fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_270067
Online Media:

Rattle

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Pearl Kootswatewa (Pearl Kwotswatewa), Hopi Pueblo  Search this
IACB source:
Museum of Northern Arizona Museum Shop  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle
Media/Materials:
Gourd, feather/feathers, wood
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
4 x 3 x 16 cm
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Date created:
1966
Catalog Number:
25/9839
Barcode:
259839.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63bf16de4-63fa-4d48-8da8-096e3af22d11
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_275928
Online Media:

Drum and drumstick

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Thea Heye (Thea Kowne/Mrs. Dorothea Page/Mrs. George Gustav Heye), Non-Indian, 1888-1935  Search this
Object Name:
Drum and drumstick
Media/Materials:
Cottonwood, cotton cloth, wool yarn, cotton twine/string
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
12/3307
Barcode:
123307.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws655ff4e29-1571-46fe-a593-3ac9f7a70cb2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_132746
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Hopi [Second Mesa]  Search this
Collector:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Previous owner:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Seller:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Galleta grass, yucca fiber
Techniques:
Coiled
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
18/960
Barcode:
180960.000
See related items:
Hopi [Second Mesa]
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws686565fe7-99af-4f78-9370-58091e9919a1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_193725
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Hopi [Second Mesa]  Search this
Collector:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Previous owner:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Seller:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Galleta grass, yucca fiber
Techniques:
Coiled
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
18/962
Barcode:
180962.000
See related items:
Hopi [Second Mesa]
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws628415a12-e508-4729-864a-d8b31fdd1e7f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_193727
Online Media:

Headdress (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago Natural History Museum), 1893-  Search this
Collector:
Henry R. Voth (Heinrich Richert Voth/H. R. Voth), Non-Indian, 1855-1931  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Hide, wood, paint
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
18/5960
Barcode:
185960.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66f1ea28e-1de6-4b12-a383-3d1f8e4cc566
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_198857

Headdress (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago Natural History Museum), 1893-  Search this
Collector:
Henry R. Voth (Heinrich Richert Voth/H. R. Voth), Non-Indian, 1855-1931  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Vegetal Fiber, mountain sheep hide/skin, feather/feathers, paint
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
18/5971
Barcode:
185971.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bbfcc50f-4ac9-4355-baf6-5fad004fda4c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_198868

Mask (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago Natural History Museum), 1893-  Search this
Collector:
Henry R. Voth (Heinrich Richert Voth/H. R. Voth), Non-Indian, 1855-1931  Search this
Object Name:
Mask (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Canvas, fur, paint, feather/feathers, vegetal material, corn cob
Techniques:
Sewn, painted, wrapped
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
18/6022
Barcode:
186022.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62fbb8303-080f-42e5-858e-968bcf60e5d3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_198920
Online Media:

Headdress (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
John Louw Nelson (John L. Nelson), Non-Indian, 1895-1963  Search this
Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago Natural History Museum), 1893-  Search this
Collector:
Henry R. Voth (Heinrich Richert Voth/H. R. Voth), Non-Indian, 1855-1931  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, vegetal material, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Supawlavi (Shipaulovi) Second Mesa, Hopi Reservation; Navajo County; Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
18/6029
Barcode:
186029.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws648376253-bd9d-449a-bda6-f6be9a5d75b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_198927

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By