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MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers

Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
13 Boxes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1873-1927
Summary:
This collection consists principally of Fewkes's archeological and ethnological field notebooks, 1890-1927. It also includes correspondence, 1873-1927; lectures, circa 1907-1926; and unpublished manuscripts by Fewkes and others, circa 1893-1923.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists principally of Fewkes's archeological and ethnological field notebooks, 1890-1927; and includes correspondence, 1873-1927; lectures, circa 1907-1926; and unpublished manuscripts by Fewkes and others, circa 1893-1923.

In the accompanying inventory, the catalog numbers under which each volume or part was originally catalogued is shown in brackets.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Correspondence, 1873-1927

Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps, 1873-1927

Series 3: Lectures and Articles, mostly unpublished, circa 1907-1926, undated

Series 4: Manuscripts by Other Authors, collected by Fewkes, circa 1893-1923
Biographical / Historical:
Jesse Walter Fewkes (1850‐1930) was a naturalist, anthropologist, and archeologist who served as chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology (B.A.E.) from 1918 to 1928. Fewkes received a Ph.D. in marine zoology from Harvard in 1877 and was curator of lower invertebrates at the Museum of Comparative Zoology until 1887. He became deeply interested in the culture and history of the Pueblo Indians while on a collecting trip in the western United States. In 1891, Fewkes became director of the Hemenway Southwestern Archeological Expedition and editor of the Journal of American Archeology and Ethnology. In 1895 he began working for the B.A.E., during which he conducted archaeological excavations in the Southwest, the West Indies, and Florida. During the summers of 1908-1909, 1915-1916, and 1918-1922, Fewkes worked almost exclusively on excavations and repair of ruins in Mesa Verde National Park. He was appointed chief of the B.A.E. in 1918 and played an important role in the creation of Hovenweep National Monument in Colorado and Wupatki National Monument in Arizona. He retired in 1928, after which he continued research for the B.A.E. under the title of Associate Anthropologist.
Related Materials:
Additional records created by and about Fewkes are contained in the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Fewkes correspondence held in the National Anthropological Archives is contained in the George L. Beam papers (MS 4517), the Henry Bascom Collins, Jr. papers, the Anthropological Society of Washington records (MS 4821), the Herbert William Krieger papers, the J.C. Pilling papers, the Walter Hough Papers (in the records of the Department of Anthropology), and the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Fewkes photographs held in National Anthropological Archives are contained in in Photo Lot 1, Photo Lot 30, Photo Lot 86 (his negatives), Photo Lot 73-43B, and Photo Lot 4321.

Fewkes drawings held in the National Anthropological Archives are contained in MS 3427 Drawings of specimens, Heshota Uthla.

The Smithsonian Institution Archives also holds a field notebook by Fewkes, Record Unit 7350.

The Department of Anthropology collections holds several accessions of artifacts collected by Fewkes, including USNM ACC 048761 (relating to Casa Grande excavations) and USNM ACC 050765 (relating to Mesa Verde excavations).

Collection supplement files relating to the life and published work of J. Walter Fewkes are on file in the NAA Reading Room.
Provenance:
The original accession of Fewkes's papers was selected by Matthew W. Stirling at Fewkes's home after Fewkes's death in 1930. This accession consisted largely of archeological and ethnological field notebooks, correspondence, lectures, and unpublished manuscripts. These materials were originally cataloged in unrelated lots. NAA archivist Margaret C. Blaker brought these materials together in 1956 and cataloged them under MS 4408.

In March 1976, the Smithsonian Libraries transferred to the NAA papers largely concerning Fewkes's other scientific work. These were accessioned under the number NAA ACC 76-133. Another group of materials consisting of three volumes recording trip to the American West were transferred from the Smithsonian Institution Archives in December 1979.

Another acquisition to the Fewkes papers, consisting of a volume of photographs, a volume of correspondence, and another volume concerning Betatakin, were acquired from aņ unknown source. These materials appeared in James R. Glenn's office in the Department of Anthropology in April 1986. A notebook of graphite drawings of Taino culture was donated by Jordan Belfort of Old Brookville, New York via Alvin Abrams.
Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4408
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3505e09a3-abe0-41a5-98e5-06d63e0c5c31
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4408

(#13) Notebook

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (approx. 50 pages)
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1892 June
Scope and Contents:
Contains: Hopi ceremonials; Arizona archeology: Awatobi and other ruins. [Old #3927 (pt.)]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c8514f29-22e5-4cbc-a5e4-ace477d7c9e1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref144

(#17) Notebook, "Mam-zrau-ti": Notes on Hopi ceremonials

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (approx. 50 pages)
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1893
Scope and Contents:
Also includes draft of a lecture on ethnology and archeology of Arizona and New Mexico. [Old. #3291-J (pt.)]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f0f53be4-5949-4625-93db-8a54870ef8d6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref156

(#23) Notebook

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (approx. 78 pages)
Container:
Box 7
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1895-1914
Scope and Contents:
Contains: Arizona archeology: Sikyatki, etc., 1895 (approx. 20 pp.); Hopi flute ceremonies: Walpi, Micoñinovi, August 189[?] (10 pp); New Mexico archeology: Mimbres ruins and artifacts, vicinity of Deming, June 1, 1914 (47 pp); Obituary of J. G. Bourke, Newsclipping, June 8, [1896] (1 pp.). [Old #3927 (pt.)]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b7e3f583-6a9f-448e-ba30-5a7073075efe
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref173

(#33) Notebook: Arizona archeology and ethnology

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (137 pages)
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1899-1900
Scope and Contents:
Contains: sketches of pottery and other artifacts; notes on Hopi genealogies and/or relationships, kachinas, dwelling plans. [Old #3283]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3323950b5-8117-458a-9cd5-1bf41f0aca4c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref200

(#62) Diaries, archeological notes

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (approx. 250 pages)
Container:
Box 8
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1915-1916
Scope and Contents:
Contains: Trip to Arizona (January 1-February 6, 1915); Mesa Verde repair work (August 2-November 15, 1915 and additional October notes entered on December pages); Arizona ruins (June 1-15, 1916); Misc. archeological notes (undated). [Old #3291-e (pt.)]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw399dc7c2c-7261-49a3-ac11-7e4a5b463ad8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref275

(#70) Notebook

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (approx. 10 pages)
Container:
Box 9
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
undated, 1923
Scope and Contents:
Contains: Florida archeological sites, November 1923 (4 scattered pp.); Misc. Arizona and New Mexico archeological notes, undated (10 scattered pp.). [Old #1262 (pt.)]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e1e1c747-8989-48e1-8cfe-41a72bca1884
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref291

(#74) Diary

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (42 pages)
Container:
Box 9
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1926 May 15-29
Scope and Contents:
Contains: Misc. notes on Arizona archeology; Draft of obituary address on W. H. Dall [8 pp., pp 59-75] (undated). "Sent to Dr. Colton 11/37; returned" [this evidently refers to the volume]. [Old #1668]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw35df66839-6f3e-4298-9c04-bf31f58e1b43
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref299

(#78) Arizona archeology

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder (3 typescripts)
Container:
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1926
Scope and Contents:
1 pubic SI-8 FW for 1926. [Old #734 (pt.)]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 3: Lectures and Articles, mostly unpublished
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34bbe9896-8da6-4e78-bbd7-fb5c72c2e608
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref308

(#85) Gill, William H.: "Memorandum for Mr. Redington"

Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
17 Pages (typed with 4 pages diagrams and maps)
Container:
Box 11
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917 January 2
Scope and Contents:
Concerning archeological sites in the part of the Coconino National Forest (Arizona - New Mexico) known as the "Tonto Addition." (Also includes 1 map found elsewhere in B.A.E. and presumed to belong with this file.) [Old #3291-d-2]
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 4: Manuscripts by Other Authors, collected by Fewkes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c99be522-8e1e-4f5d-a8c3-5a0f99770bec
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref323

Notebook concerning archeological reconnaissance the Navaho National Monument in Arizona

Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Extent:
76 Items (pages)
1 Volume
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Notes
Maps
Drawings
Place:
Betatakin (Arizona)
Scaffold House (Arizona)
Keet Seel (Arizona)
Dripping Spring ruin (Arizona)
Bubbling Spring ruin (Arizona)
Inscription House (Arizona)
Ladder House ruins (Arizona)
Forest Glen ruin (Arizona)
Cradle ruins (Arizona)
Copper Ridge ruin (Arizona)
Navaho National Monument (Arizona) -- Archeology
Date:
May 19-June 24, 1910
Scope and Contents:
Includes notes, maps, and sketches. There are rather long notes on Betatakin, Scaffold House, Keet Seel, Dripping Spring ruin, and Inscription House. There are also notes on or references to Swallow's Nest, Bubbling Spring, Ladder Ruin, Forest Glen Ruin, Cradle Ruin, Copper Ridge ruin, and other ruins in the area.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4408 (91)
Collection Restrictions:
The Jesse Walter Fewkes papers are open for research.

Access to the Jesse Walter Fewkes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Notes
Maps
Drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers
MS 4408 Jesse Walter Fewkes papers / Series 2: Field Diaries, Notebooks, and Maps / (#91) Notebook: Diary and notes from trip to Betatakin Canyon
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37433e7bc-ab12-4226-8096-590b91b2f8bf
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4408-ref952

Copper Stained Rock

Collector:
Dr. J. Walter Fewkes  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. J. Walter Fewkes  Search this
Site Name:
Casa Grande  Search this
Object Type:
Stone
Place:
Casa Grande, Pinal County, Arizona, United States, North America
Accession Date:
28 May 1908
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
048761
USNM Number:
A252189-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37c623397-0d3d-4f68-a81f-8d7652c242da
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8065600
Online Media:

Copper Stained Rock

Collector:
Dr. J. Walter Fewkes  Search this
Donor Name:
Casa Grande Excavations  Search this
Site Name:
Casa Grande  Search this
Culture:
Prehistoric  Search this
Object Type:
Stone
Place:
Casa Grande, Pinal County, Arizona, United States, North America
Accession Date:
9 Jan 1909
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
049619
USNM Number:
A254472-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/33d1c7c4a-9800-4811-baf1-365646424672
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8066553
Online Media:

Small Stone Beads And Pendants, Mainly Turquoise

Collector:
Dr. J. Walter Fewkes  Search this
Donor Name:
Casa Grande Excavations  Search this
Site Name:
Casa Grande  Search this
Culture:
Prehistoric  Search this
Object Type:
Bead/Pendant
Place:
Casa Grande, Pinal County, Arizona, United States, North America
Accession Date:
9 Jan 1909
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
049619
USNM Number:
A254489-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3cc7eff56-8fc0-4f53-81d1-f3dbcc13cf42
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8066573
Online Media:

Stone Pendant

Collector:
Dr. J. Walter Fewkes  Search this
Donor Name:
Casa Grande Excavations  Search this
Site Name:
Casa Grande  Search this
Culture:
Prehistoric  Search this
Object Type:
Pendant
Place:
Casa Grande, Pinal County, Arizona, United States, North America
Accession Date:
9 Jan 1909
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
049619
USNM Number:
A254490-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d7681651-7bef-417b-a5d8-d24bb5aa5f61
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8066574
Online Media:

Stone Pendant, Claw Shaped

Collector:
Dr. J. Walter Fewkes  Search this
Donor Name:
Casa Grande Excavations  Search this
Site Name:
Casa Grande  Search this
Culture:
Prehistoric  Search this
Object Type:
Pendant
Place:
Casa Grande, Pinal County, Arizona, United States, North America
Accession Date:
9 Jan 1909
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
049619
USNM Number:
A254493-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/322ae715d-9129-4141-a1cc-d9ac7a157fff
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8066577
Online Media:

Helen C. Rountree Lecture to Anthropological Society of Washington

Creator:
Rountree, Helen C., 1944-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Rountree, Helen C., 1944-  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound cassette (Duration: 120 minutes)
Container:
Item 12
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound cassettes
Speeches
Date:
1988 October 18-19
Collection Restrictions:
Materials related to interview notes are restricted until June 2025.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropological Society of Washington  Search this
Genre/Form:
Speeches
Collection Citation:
Helen C. Rountree papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Helen C. Rountree papers
Helen C. Rountree papers / Series 4: Sound Recordings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3f04abda5-2e8d-43ca-8814-4f61956e7ad0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2005-22-ref37
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Online Media:

Hopi

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
1 Boxe
Culture:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Field notes
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Place:
Arizona
Date:
1913-1946
Scope and Contents:
This set of files contains Harrington's Hopi research. The materials consist of Oraibi linguistic notes, Walpi linguistic notes, notes on phonetics, writings, and miscellaneous notes.

His Oraibi notes include geographical terms provided by Bert Fredericks in slipfile format, a short etymology of the village name Awatobi, and a small rudimentary file of phonetic sounds. While at Elden Pueblo, Harrington also elicited several Oraibi terms from Otto Lomavitu, described as an educated Indian associated with the Moravian missionaries. Kuyawaima, an elderly Oraibi, provided information on basket-making during another interview in August 1926. The majority of the early records in the Oraibi dialect consist of numbered pages of Harrington's handwritten notes which emerge as a combination of vocabulary, phrases, and grammar in the early stages of development, followed by a brief text on Coyote with interlinear translation. Pages 38, 39, and 40 contain a selected number of terms in Zuni.There is one brief mention of an individual named Ignacio but it is not clear whether the vocabularies originated with him. The elicitation was based partly on a rehearing of a typed "Oraivi Vocabulary" found accompanying the handwritten notes. Harrington was in California in 1912 and early 1913 and was engaged in various projects, one of which was copying manuscripts at the Bancroft Library, a possible source of this material.

Harrington's Walpi data from the work in 1926 and 1939 are of a much less systematic nature. A pocket-sized notebook which he used while at the Grand Canyon contains notes from a brief survey of Walpi speakers, random vocabulary items from Percy Hilling, and an outline of the sequence of songs performed by kutKa, the chief of Walpi, and others. Also recorded during this period are additional lexical items, possibly obtained from a man named Sam, and five pages describing a placename trip which Harrington made from Polacca to Holbrook.

The material from 1939 consists of notes from several brief interviews with Walpi speakers encountered in the Fort Defiance area. On September 27, 1939, Harrington recorded one page of placenames from the son of Tom Polacca, an interpreter at First Mesa in the 1880s and 1890s. Additional placename data were obtained from an unidentified Hopi speaker at the home of Jack Snow. Following each of the vocabularies are copies which Harrington made of the names in 1944 in order to locate them on a map by Van Valkenburgh (1941). Three pages of miscellaneous vocabulary from an unidentified source also date from the 1939 period.

His notes on phonetics were likely made during his comparative study of Hopi and other Uto-Aztecan languages. Harrington made a number of observations on the phonetics of the language. These were recorded in the form of a "Hopi Mouthmap." Secondary sources referred to were Parsons (1936), Trubetskoi (1939), Whiting (1939), and Whorf (unspecified works). The mouthmap appeared in Hewett, Dutton, and Harrington's The Pueblo Indian World (1945).

His Hopi writings consist of preparatory notes and drafts in various stages of completion. From 1945-1946 are notes, handwritten drafts, and finished typescripts of his review of The Hopi Way by Laura Thompson and Alice Joseph, as well as the article "Note on the Names Moqui and Hopi." Both of these were published in the American Anthropologist. There is also a typed draft of an unpublished note, intended for release in Indians at Work, titled "Hopi Discovered To Be Most Nearly Akin to Northern Paiute."

Dating from both the periods around 1922 and 1939 are a number of pages of miscellaneous notations. These contain observations of an ethnographic nature, bibliographies, and brief extracts from secondary sources. One set, consisting of comments on seven "landnames," was obtained from an informant referred to as "Hopi at Jack Snow's." Also included is correspondence dated 1914 requesting information on Hopi rocks and a related photograph (originals in files of correspondence and photographs).

There are few field notes relative to the Hopi recordings Harrington made with Fewkes and Prescott and the related sound recordings have not been located.
Biographical / Historical:
John P. Harrington's field notes indicate that he worked on the Hopi language as early as 1913 and reviewed his material as late as 1944. Although he published a short article on Hopi in 1945 and a review of The Hopi Way (1944) in 1946, his notes on this language are not extensIve.

His first contact with speakers of Hopi evidently occurred in 1913, as suggested by his heading "Hopi Language. 1913." A more precise date and location are not given, but it is possible that Harrington made a side trip to the Third Mesa during February when he was working at a number of other pueblos or that he located a speaker of the Oraibi dialect at one of those locations.

From May through September of 1926, Harrington was called away from fieldwork in northern California to assist J. Walter Fewkes, head of the Bureau of American Ethnology, in archeological excavations at Elden Pueblo near Flagstaff, Arizona. According to The B.A.E. Annual Report for 1925 -1926 (p. 5), prior to the excavations, Harrington and J. O. Prescott assisted Fewkes in the recording of Hopi songs. Four of the older Hopi were brought from Walpi to the Grand Canyon, where they performed 11 katcina songs.

Harrington had a second opportunity to record several short vocabularies in the dialect of First Mesa in 1939 when he and Robert W. Young were beginning joint work on Athapascan in the Fort Defiance area of Arizona. His interest in Hopi was renewed again in March of 1944 when he made a comparative study with other Uto-Aztecan languages of the Takic subfamily.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Hopi language  Search this
Zuni language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Toponymy  Search this
Names, Geographical  Search this
Basket making  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 4.3
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Papers
John Peabody Harrington Papers / Series 4: Native American History, Language, and Culture of the Southwest
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw393ae4ea4-0c10-483e-8b23-9634516d98f2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref14601

Tewa

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
21 Boxes
Culture:
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Field notes
Dictionaries
Manuscripts
Narratives
Vocabulary
Date:
1908-circa 1949
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Southwest series contains Harrington's Tewa research. The files include field notes, vocabulary, linguistic and ethnographic notes, a dictionary, records of rehearings, texts, writings, and miscellanous notes.

His field notebooks contain grammar, vocabulary, placenames, names of persons, relationship terms, and material culture; texts concerning Qwiqumat, other myths, and ethnohistory of early Southwest tribes, pueblos, clans, and religion; copies of the San Ildefonso census; and other miscellaneous ethnographic information.

The vocabulary section of the Tewa files include a group of slips identified as Rio Grande vocabulary with some Santa Clara terms specified as such. There is a wide variety of terms, and animal and plant vocabularies were marked by Harrington "A" and "P" respectively (former B.A.E. MS 4678pt.) with some linguistic insertions. The information was collected during the early period. There is also a small file of Spanish loanwords in Tewa that Harrington copied from Eduardo Cata's material.

His linguistic and ethnographic notes contain a few pages each of over twenty topics such as dances, estufas (kivas), pottery, societies, religion, superstitions, Tewa trails, and Tewa origins (former B.A.E. MS 4704pt.). Barbara Freire-Marreco collaborated in the accumulation of some of the material, most of which came from the many informants who contributed to the early notes. Some linguistic material is interspersed. There is a handwritten copy of the Nambe census of 1911, a description and rough sketches of the Black Mesa of San Ildefonso, and several references to Jemez, Spanish Cochiti, Spanish Hopi, Taos, Zuni, and Sia.

A collection of linguistic and ethnographic terms remains in slipfile form (former B.A.E. MS 4704pt.). Some are in various Tewa dialects such as Nambe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, and Santa Clara. A few Taos comparisons are included. The largest group is related to animal parts and animal activities. Ethnographic information includes such topics as snakes, estufas, officers and government, plants, pottery, shrines, and societies. A small group is credited to Barbara Freire-Marreco.

The dictionary (former B.A.E. MS. 4704pt.) was arranged by Cata in June 1927 from his field notes taken during the early period. Part is in alphabetic order, part is devoted to adjectives provided by Julian Martinez, and part covers adverbs from Santiago Naranjo. A second group is also arranged in alphabetic order but no sources are identified. Some related nonlexical and bibliographical material is interspersed.

There are also materials from rehearings Harrington conducted with Santiago Naranjo in 1911, Eduardo Cata in 1927, and David Dozier and "O" in 1948-1949. Harrington and Cata developed a linguistic treatment of notes based on an unpublished dissertation on New Mexico Spanish by Aurelio H. Espinosa. Together they reworked geographic terms from Harrington's "The Ethnogeography of the Tewa Indians." Other miscellaneous rehearings with Cata were more grammatically oriented. Dozier and "O" provided substantial material on San Juan/Hano comparisons, although some of the notes may have been accumulated during a February 1946 visit to Albuquerque, where Harrington interviewed Mr. Shupla, a Hano speaker. This meeting may have resulted also in his proposed article "Hano . . . Same Word as Tano."

In the text section are three myths given by Juan Gonzales on September 1, 2, and 3, 1908 at the camp near the Stone Lions, rendered in Tewa and English with some linguistic notes. Also in both languages is an Ignacio Aguilar story recorded on September 23, 1909. Some stories probably obtained between 1908 and 1909 are in English only. Not all are complete and the continuity of some is broken due to repetitive material and interspersed corrections. There are two short Nambe myths. Eduardo Cata supplied thirteen texts in addition to the three published in 1947. These are in Tewa, most with either interlinear or parallel English translations. Harrington used pencils of different colors to insert orthographic corrections and later annotations. Whether the texts were obtained in 1927 when Cata was in Washington or during the 1940s is uncertain.

Harrington's writing files contain notes and drafts for his unpublished and published writings. There are substantial notes accumulated for "A Brief Description of the Tewa Language" (1910) (former B.A.E. MS 4704pt.). Harrington's notes contain more extensive phonetic and morphological information than the final publication. Notes probably recorded in 1910 for "Ethnogeography" and "Ethnobotany" are intermixed and largely disorganized, although substantial in number (former B.A.E. MS 4704pt.). Additional information and some relevant correspondence for "Ethnogeography" is included (former B.A.E. mss. 3801 and 4704pt.), as well as some notes Harrington excerpted in 1946 from this publication. Drafts and notes for "Three Tewa Texts" include insertions of additional information provided by David Dozier and "O." There are also five sets of drafts for proposed articles. "Ablaut in the Tewa Language of New Mexico" (1912) is an elaboration of the phonetic material used in "A Brief Description of the Tewa Language." "Some Aspects of Tewa Indian Placenames" was written in 1920. Undated are "Hano, Indian Pueblo of Arizona, the Same Word as Tano" (former B.A.E. MS 4521pt.), "Santa Fe at Northern Edge of Tano Country," and "The Tewa Pueblos."

Among the writing files are also materials relating to "Phonetics of the Tewa Language," submitted or sold by Eduardo Cata to the B.A.E. (former MS 4704pt.). The title page, bill of sale, and notes in Harrington's handwriting, and some possibly in Cata's are on file. Informants Mr. and Mrs. "O" also contributed information. There are also two unpublished articles on Tewa tones that Harrington co-authored with David Dozier--"Tewa Tones" and "The 3 Tone Accents and the 1 Non-tone Accent of Tewa."

Also in this subseries are miscellaneous notes, mainly from the early period. Some of the information came from Ignacio Aguilar. There is a small selection of Jemez, Ute, and Taos equivalences. Also included are a diagram of Tewa color symbolism (former B.A.E. ms. 1790), a reproduction of a San Juan Pueblo religious painting, and a very short bibliography.
Biographical / Historical:
John P. Harrington's study of the Tewa languages began in July 1908 under the auspices of the School of American Archaeology (S.A.A.) in Santa Fe, and his interest in the Tewa Indians continued into the late 1940s. Accumulation and organization of notes fall generally into three time frames. The early period can be dated between 1908 and 1916 when Harrington worked first for the Museum of New Mexico as assistant curator, then for Edgar Lee Hewett of the S.A.A., and, from December 1914, as ethnologist for the Bureau of American Ethnology. Six of his publications are based on the notes from this period. In October 1910 he spent several weeks on a tour of Tewa country securing placenames from large numbers of informants. The principal informants for the entire early period are Ignacio Aguilar and Santiago Naranjo (also called "Jim").

Dating from a middle period in 1927, Harrington worked closely with Eduardo Cata in Washington. Cata was described by Harrington as an educated San Juan Tewa Indian. With the exception of one short period (from February to July 1946), Harrington was in Washington from early 1942 until April 1949. During this third period he published "Three Tewa Texts" (1947) based on stories from Cata. The texts may have been received from Cata during the middle period, but the notes represent a rehearing in the 1940s with David Dozier and an informant identified only as "0." Harrington knew David Dozier's father and in May 1944, he wrote self-introductory letters to the son, a fluent speaker of the Santa Clara dialect, who was then in the Indian Service. Harrington also reworked and reorganized much of his grammatical information during these years in Washington. Notes indicate that he may have planned to publish a Tewa grammar.

Other Tewa speakers that Harrington worked with include Bert Fredericks, Manuel Vigil, Bernardo Sanchez, Joe Horner, Desiderio Naranjo, and Alfredo Montoya.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Tewa language  Search this
Tiwa language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Ethnobotany  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Names, Geographical  Search this
Names, Ethnological  Search this
Zoology -- nomenclature  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Dictionaries
Manuscripts
Narratives
Vocabulary
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 4.11
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Papers
John Peabody Harrington Papers / Series 4: Native American History, Language, and Culture of the Southwest
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e3ed7a56-2578-4e9c-af71-e95c24437b34
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref14694
Online Media:

General and Miscellaneous Materials

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Henderson, Junius, 1865-1937  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
3 Boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Tiwa Pueblos  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Yavapai  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Field notes
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Sketches
Place:
Elden Pueblo (Ariz.)
Date:
circa 1907-circa 1957
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Southwest series within the John P. Harrington papers contains general and miscellaneous materials. Certain notes in this subseries encompass the Southwest as an entity; others constitute small files of miscellany which do not relate directly to the preceding sets of field notes. Few precise dates are assigned to this section of material as it is based on information accumulated over an indefinite period of time.

One section contains archaeological field notes relating to Elden Pueblo. In 1926 Harrington was called to assist J. W. Fewkes at the excavation of ruins at Elden Pueblo near Flagstaff, Arizona. This set of files comprises the journal entries which Harrington made on an almost daily basis between May 27 and August 27, 1926. There are two sets of notes--the original handwritten ones and a typed copy which was submitted to Fewkes on November 10, 1926 (former B.A.E. MS 6010). The journal contains brief notes, sketches of pits and artifacts, references to photographs, and names of associates; there are no significant linguistic or ethnographic data.

The subseries also contains a comparative list of Taos, Picuris, Isleta, Tewa (San Juan), and Tanoan numerals, based mainly on Harry S. Budd's B.A.E. MS 1028. There are also notes on pueblo basket-making from his interviews with Dr. and Mrs. Colton and Mr. Gladwin (B.A.E. MS 2291) , as well as an account of an Indian scout (Yavapai) working for the U.S. Cavalry. In addition, there is an assortment of notes on photographs, bibliography, and a large chart of pronouns.

Harrington's writings are also present. These include preliminary drafts and notes for "The Southwest Indian Languages" and "The Sounds and Structure of the Aztecan Languages." Most of the information was evidently extracted from notes on hand at the time. Harrington mentioned James Johnson and Edward Hunt, both of whom spoke Acoma-Laguna and worked with him in July and August of 1944. Tom Polacca's son gave Hopi data. There are also a partial draft, notes, and bibliography for an article titled "Indians of the Southwest" (1942). Material relating to unpublished writings includes notes for a review of Mary Roberts Coolidge's The Rain-Makers (1929). An undated draft and notes on "The Southern Athapascan" are also included.

A group of original field notes from Harrington's collaborators were left in his possession; in particular, a group of handwritten slips taken between December 10, 1912, and April 6, 1913, were found in an envelope addressed to Harrington. Barbara Freire-Marreco evidently sent them from Polacca, Arizona, to Harrington in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The content is mainly grammatical, with vocabulary items and ethnographic material interspersed. The language has not been identified. A second set of notes consists of cards and a typed list, evidently compiled by Junius Henderson. The data include animal terms in Hopi (Moki), Pima, and Walapai.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Tanoan languages  Search this
Tiwa language  Search this
Isleta language  Search this
Tewa language  Search this
Laguna dialect  Search this
Acoma dialect  Search this
Hopi language  Search this
Pima language  Search this
Hualapai language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Basket making  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Numeration  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Manuscripts
Vocabulary
Sketches
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 4.12
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Papers
John Peabody Harrington Papers / Series 4: Native American History, Language, and Culture of the Southwest
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39c14572f-6a9e-42ff-ba40-1f88a00acd31
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref14711

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