Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
18,970 documents - page 1 of 500Result pages are truncated to 500.

[Holly Cottage Garden]: terraced, grass narrow walkway with brick steps between geometric topiaries.

Photographer:
Davis, Lindsey  Search this
Provenance:
The Gertrude Windsor Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Holly Cottage Garden (Tyler, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Smith County -- Tyler
Date:
2005 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Tyler  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Trees  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Women -- Design elements  Search this
Edging, stone  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Climbing plants  Search this
Utility poles  Search this
Stairs, brick  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item TX057004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas / TX057: Tyler -- Holly Cottage Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb605225494-5266-4b8b-990a-627fa39ed241
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref14095

[Cherrytree House]: The trees and shrubs in the front yard covered in snow.

Photographer:
Drake, Sarah  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., TIFF.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Cherrytree House (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny -- Pittsburgh
Date:
2010 Feb.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Winter  Search this
Snow  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA753002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA753: Pittsburgh -- Cherrytree House
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6545da57b-3782-416b-a2c9-dbe34c6e5bb5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17239

[Dunmovin]: screened porch overlooking hydrangea and a weeping willow replanted from a spot closer to the driveway.

Photographer:
Kemenyffy, Susan Hale.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Dunmovin (Fairview, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny County -- Sewickley
Date:
2017 Sept.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Hydrangeas  Search this
Willows  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Ground cover plants  Search this
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Fairview  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA833005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA833: Fairview -- Dunmovin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6251333d8-74f9-4450-a3f7-ff5f8c6ccb11
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17359

[Dunmovin]: south facing perennial border.

Photographer:
King, Mollie  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital print (4 in. x 6 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital prints
Reproductions
Place:
Dunmovin (Fairview, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny County -- Sewickley
Date:
1995.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Fairview  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Trees  Search this
Perennials  Search this
Edging (inorganic)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital prints
Reproductions
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA833024
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA833: Fairview -- Dunmovin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb682bf561a-de8a-4f57-a29b-8a1c1cb3d497
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17363

[Dunmovin]: the vegetable garden, the only fenced area on the property; greenhouse built off the garage.

Photographer:
King, Mollie  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital print (4 in. x 6 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital prints
Reproductions
Place:
Dunmovin (Fairview, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny County -- Sewickley
Date:
2017
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Fairview  Search this
Garages  Search this
Rose gardens  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Vegetable gardening  Search this
Greenhouses  Search this
Trees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital prints
Reproductions
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA833026
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA833: Fairview -- Dunmovin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6b7da8be8-ce70-439b-be04-122385a7bdd8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17364

[Foxlea]: the hornbeam arched hedge divides the lawn from the house and out buildings.

Photographer:
Lapham, Emilie S.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Foxlea (Wyndmoor, Pennslyvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery -- Wyndmoor
Date:
2013 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Wyndmoor  Search this
Chicken houses  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Chickens  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Outbuildings  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA735010
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA735: Wyndmoor -- Foxlea
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb63902011b-213d-4b05-a699-5fafe40241bb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17443

[Foxlea]: snow on the weeping cherry tree and willow standards on a winter night.

Photographer:
Lapham, Emilie S.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Foxlea (Wyndmoor, Pennslyvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery -- Wyndmoor
Date:
2014 Jan.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Wyndmoor  Search this
Standard  Search this
Courtyards  Search this
Night  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Snow  Search this
Winter  Search this
Weeping trees  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA735015
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA735: Wyndmoor -- Foxlea
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6917c9a71-ac16-4662-ae6d-b0e1158f908f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref17444

[Robin Hill]: A blue atlas cedar spills over a brick wall and summer flowers spill over the walkways in one of the fairy gardens.

Photographer:
Turner, Margaret K.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Robin Hill (Richmond, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Henrico -- Richmond
Date:
2012 May.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Richmond  Search this
Walls, brick  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Cedar  Search this
Walkways, brick  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item VA450016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia / VA450: Richmond -- Robin Hill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb635262381-8070-45f0-9e20-4a0eea2b1bbe
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref19723

[Swan Lake]: swans on lake with residence and gardens in the background.

Photographer:
Worley, Hubert Jr  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (digital) (col., JPEG.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photograph (digital)
Digital images
Place:
Swan Lake (Jackson, Mississippi)
United States of America -- Mississippi -- Hinds County -- Jackson
Date:
2010 Apr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Mississippi -- Jackson  Search this
Boxwood  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Lakes  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Swans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item MS042015
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Mississippi / MS042: Jackson -- Swan Lake
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a5f368a4-5514-4267-9648-c45a165e1d41
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref9219

[Gardens of Maude and John Odgers]: the island beds foliage and flower show the garden's pallette; sphere is perched on a tall tuteur.

Photographer:
Rierson, Nancy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Gardens of Maude and John Odgers (Peterborough, New Hampshire)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny County -- Sewickley
Date:
2017 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Hampshire -- Peterborough  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Japanese maple  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Tuteurs  Search this
Leaves  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NH116006
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Hampshire / NH116: Peterborough -- Gardens of Maude and John Odgers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d7e6d5c1-c4c3-4f9d-8bf9-a9a691153ee4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref9695

[Gardens of Maude and John Odgers]: the newest garden in front of the house is a shade garden comprised of foliage and rockwork.

Photographer:
Rierson, Nancy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Gardens of Maude and John Odgers (Peterborough, New Hampshire)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny County -- Sewickley
Date:
2017 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Hampshire -- Peterborough  Search this
Driveways, gravel  Search this
Gardening in the shade  Search this
Leaves  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Trees  Search this
Edging (inorganic)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NH116011
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Hampshire / NH116: Peterborough -- Gardens of Maude and John Odgers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a10eec8e-a116-4e1d-ac80-3464dc0c1fc3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref9698

[Casa del Carnevale]: mature royal palms and wrought iron fencing between posts highlight the historic property.

Photographer:
Morgan, Nancy G.  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Sarasota  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Casa del Carnevale (Sarasota, Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Sarasota County -- Sarasota
Date:
2017 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Sarasota  Search this
Fences -- wrought iron  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item FL264036
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Florida / FL264: Sarasota -- Casa del Carnevale
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb65c38c3eb-e22f-44f0-b754-d9b8ee7e96d7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12429

[Burrwood House]: manicured gardens of the Whitehead Estate.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Burrwood House (Fairfield, Connecticut)
United States of America -- Connecticut -- Hartford County -- Hartford
Date:
1950s-1960s.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- Fairfield  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
statues  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Trees  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item CT754021
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Connecticut / CT754: Fairfield -- Burrwood House
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6beb2dd0e-7666-491e-9ebb-b7a8e2dc3346
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref22274

[Frierson Garden]: The herb garden features boxwood.

Photographer:
Allen, Rinne  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col, TIF.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
Frierson Garden (Athens, Georgia)
United States of America -- Georgia -- Clarke -- Athens
Date:
2011 Apr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Georgia -- Athens  Search this
Boxwood  Search this
Fences  Search this
Herb gardens  Search this
Roses  Search this
Birdbaths  Search this
Flowering trees  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Houses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item GA191019
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Georgia / GA191: Athens -- Frierson Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb641dd551d-82f8-448c-b866-bbfd55ca59ce
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref23264

Lockwood-Greene Records

Creator:
Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated  Search this
Lockwood-Greene Company  Search this
Whitman, David  Search this
Greene, Stephen  Search this
Lockwood, Amos  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Extent:
270 Cubic feet (233 boxes, 850 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Linen tracings
Paper flimsies
Business records
Design drawings
Blueprints
Patents
Specifications
Reports
Photograph albums
Photographs
Trade literature
Date:
1784-2004, undated
bulk 1915-1930
Summary:
The engineering firm that became Lockwood Greene was founded by David Whitman, a mill engineer, in 1832. Amos D. Lockwood, a consultant, succeeded Whitman and entered a partnership with Stephen Greene in 1882. The firm specialized in industrial engineering and construction; they designed and built a wide variety of structures and work environments worldwide over the next century. Lockwood Greene was acquired by CH2M HILL in December, 2003. Before its acquisition by CH2MHILL it was reportedly the oldest industrial engineering, construction, and professional services firm in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Lockwood Greene records are a comprehensive range of documents related to the appraisal, building, construction, design, evaluation, and engineering of facilities for a variety of clients. The material covers the entire period of industrialization of the United States, and, provides a thorough record of the textile industry, both in New England and the South. Some of the textile mills are documented with unusual completeness, showing water and steam power layouts, factory village plans, and landscaping schedules. A broad range of other building typologies is also covered, including projects with public or retail functions, such as early automobile showrooms, hospitals, apartments and private dwellings, churches, and schools.

In-depth study of the company's earliest history is hampered by a scarcity of records, many of which were lost in the great fire that destroyed Boston's city center in 1872. Nevertheless, graphic and textual evidence does exist within the collection that illuminates these early projects, in addition to the fabric of surviving buildings. The Lockwood Greene records document several commissions that the firm would return to again and again over the course of many decades as clients requested plant additions, upgrades to mechanical and operating systems, and other substantive changes. Researchers are encouraged to examine the blueprints, elevations, and plans for these later additions in order to find illustrations of the firm's earlier interventions at the site. In addition to drawings, other visual evidence for nineteenth-century projects can be found in the company's extensive photo files, which often document structures for which drawings do not exist.

The Lockwood Greene records contain an abundance of graphic and textual evidence for structures designed after 1910 until the 1930s. After this period, visual documentation becomes much more limited. This is partially due to the evolution of drafting tools and information management technologies within the architecture and engineering profession. Lockwood Greene was an early adopter of technological innovations in rendering and data capture, beginning with the introduction of aperture cards and microfilm and extending to the adoption of computer-aided design (CAD) programs. These more modern formats were not part of the acquisition, and, at the time of writing, still reside with the company.

The Lockwood-Greene collection will be of interest to historians of architecture and engineering, as well as those that study the history of business and labor relations. It provides extensive textual and documentary evidence on the evolution and growth of American engineering and the increasing professionalization of the discipline through specialization during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Rich holdings of architectural drawings, photographs, and specifications provide unparalleled resources that trace the evolution of industrial buildings and their typologies; experimentation with building materials and systems, particularly with regards to fireproofing; and the history of textile manufacture in the United States. In addition, there is also rich visual and documentary evidence of the changing relationships between corporations and their employees through photographs, plans, and designs for company towns and mill villages, as well as through corporate records that illustrate the work culture of Lockwood Greene itself. The Lockwood-Greene collection will be of special interest to historic preservationists as the awareness of the significance of industrial and vernacular buildings continues to grow, and detailed design drawings and other visual material will be of especial value for restoration, rehabilitation, and adaptive-reuse projects.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1, Project Drawings, Renderings, and Plans, 1784-1969, undated

Series 2, Photographs and Slides, 1881-2001, undated

Subseries 2.1: Photo Albums, 1906-1934

Subseries 2.2: Photographic Files, 1881-1956

Subseries 2.3: Spartanburg Office Photographic File, 1948-1974

Subseries 2.4: Spartanburg Office Photographic File, 1919-1999

Subseries 2.5: Project Negatives and Transparencies, 1956-1970

Subseries 2.6: Project Slides and Transparencies, 1985-2001

Subseries 2.7: Project Slides and Transparencies, Culls, 1974-2001

Subseries 2.8: Project Slides and Transparencies, Corporate Photography, 1976-1998

Subseries 2.9: Photograph Album Covers, 1920, undated

Series 3: Job Files, 1872-1957, undated

Subseries 3.1, Specifications, 1913-1942, undated

Subseries 3.2: List of Drawings, 1872-1951, undated

Subseries 3.3: Project Files, 1919-1969, undated

Subseries 3.4: Reports, 1913-1969

Subseries 3.5: Job Cost Records, 1913-1957, undated

Series 4, Corporate Records and History, 1881-2004, undated

Subseries 4.1: Meeting Minutes, 1913-1995

Subseries 4.2: Corporate Files, 1891-2004, undated

Subseries 4.3: Historical Research and Reference Files and Photographs, 1881-1983, undated

Subseries 4.4: Corporate Publications, 1917-2001, undated

Series 5, Non-Lockwood Greene Publications, 1910-1984, undated

Series 6, Audio-Visual, 1964
Biographical / Historical:
Lockwood Greene, one of the nation's oldest engineering firms, traces it roots to 1832, when Rhode Island native David Whitman began a machinery repair service. Riding the wave of the early industrial revolution in textile manufacturing, Whitman added mill design services to his repertoire, which formed the backbone of a flourishing consulting business for the rest of the century. Whitman was one of the first itinerant mill engineers or "doctors" that traveled throughout New England advising various industrialists on the placement, design, and construction of their factories and the layout of the complicated system of machinery and shafting that they contained. His largest commission was the design of the Bates Manufacturing Company complex in Lewiston, Maine, which was incorporated in 1850 and soon became one of the largest textile producers in New England.

Upon Whitman's death in 1858, his unfinished work was assumed by Amos D. Lockwood, a prominent mill agent and astute businessman who had built a name for himself in Connecticut and Rhode Island. The successful completion of the projects at Lewiston brought enough additional demand for Lockwood's services to prompt him to relocate to Boston, where he formally opened an independent consulting office with partner John W. Danielson in 1871. For the next ten years, A.D. Lockwood & Company was involved in a least eight major mill design projects, half of which were for new construction. One of these projects, the design and construction of the Piedmont Manufacturing Company in Greenville (now Piedmont), South Carolina was especially significant and is considered to be a prototype for the Southern textile industry.

In 1882, Lockwood established a new business, Lockwood, Greene and Company, with Stephen Greene, a professionally-trained civil engineer who had joined the firm in 1879. As the firm grew, it expanded its scope as consultants supplying all of the necessary architectural and engineering services a prospective owner needed to initiate, equip, and run a complete plant. Acting as the owners' representative, the company supervised construction and installation but did not directly act as builders or contractors. Lockwood

Greene's objective expertise was legendary and made it a leader in this emergent field. As Samuel B. Lincoln explains in his history of the company:

"The new firm's knowledge and experience in the textile industry enabled it to analyze samples of cloth and, from such samples, to provide everything necessary for a completed plant to make such goods in any desired quantity. It did not at any time act as selling agents for machinery or equipment, neither did it accept commissions or rebates from suppliers: by this policy it maintained a position as impartial and independent engineer." (pages 105-107)

Greene became president of the company upon Lockwood's death in 1884. Under his leadership, the company expanded into additional industries and designed an array of other industrial building types that would prefigure the diversity of later work. In 1893, the company revolutionized American industry by designing and constructing the first factory whose operating power was provided entirely over electric wires from a remote power plant, rather than relying upon a water source or a stockpiled fuel supply. The Columbia Mills project created a great deal of publicity for the firm and was a signal to other manufacturers that there were viable alternatives to the use of steam power.

As changing economic conditions led Lockwood Greene to move away from its traditional reliance upon the textile manufacturing industry, it was very successful at soliciting projects for a wide variety of structures, from newspaper plants and automotive factories to convention halls and schools. After 1900, Lockwood Greene expanded its operations and opened branch offices in other cities, including Chicago, New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Detroit, Atlanta, and Charlotte. In 1915, Edwin F. Greene, president and son of Stephen Greene, reorganized the firm as Lockwood, Greene & Company, Incorporated This new entity served as the parent company and controlled three subsidiaries: one to own and operate cotton mills that Greene had acquired; one to manage other companies' textile mills; and one to provide engineering services.

Lockwood Greene expanded its operations tremendously as the textile industry boomed under wartime demand and in the years following. The severe textile depression from 1923 to 1928 caused the collapse of this structure, however, as Lockwood Greene continued to suffer deep losses in the textile mills that it owned. The parent company was dissolved in 1928 and the engineering subsidiary, which had remained profitable, was salvaged as Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated.

After a rocky start with the onset of the Depression, the company began to prosper during the Second World War and its growth continued steadily throughout the next several decades. In the late 1960s, as a result of declining business, the company's headquarters was transferred from Boston to Spartanburg, South Carolina. In 1981, Phillipp Holtzman USA, a subsidiary of Phillipp Holtzman AG of Frankfurt, Germany, acquired a majority interest in Lockwood Greene. In 2003, CH2M Hill, a global provider of engineering, construction, and operations services based in Denver, Colorado, acquired the company.

From its beginnings under David Whitman, Lockwood Greene has become one of the most diversified engineering firms in the United States. The firm is best known as a designer of industrial and institutional buildings, but the company has become a leader in many additional areas in recent years. Lockwood Greene dominates the market in the design and production of the germ- and dust-free "clean room" facilities required by the pharmaceutical industry and micro-electronics manufacturers. The company has also developed expertise in designing integrated security and networking systems for industrial plants, international port facilities, and military installations worldwide.

Banham, Raynor. A Concrete Atlantis: U.S. Industrial Building and European Modern Architecture, 1900-1925. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1986.

Biggs, Lindy. The Rational Factory: Architecture, Technology, and Work in America's Age of Mass Production. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Bradley, Betsy Hunter. The Works: The Industrial Architecture of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Greene, Benjamin Allen. Stephen Greene: Memories of His Life, with Addresses, Resolutions and Other Tributes of Affection. Chicago, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company, 1903.

Heiser, William J. Lockwood Greene, 1958-1968, Another Period in the History of an Engineering Business. Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated, 1970.

Lincoln, Samuel B. Lockwood Greene: The History of an Engineering Business, 1832-1958. Brattleboro, Vermont: The Stephen Greene Press, 1960.

Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated The Lockwood Greene Story: One-Hundred-Fifty Years of Engineering Progress. Spartanburg, South Carolina: Lockwood Greene Engineers, Incorporated; undated.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Instituion Libraries

"[Trade catalogs from Lockwood, Greene & Co.]", Trade Literature at the American History Museum Books, Smithsonian Institution Libraries
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Lockwood Greene, Spartanburg, South Carolina, 1997 (original drawings). An addendum to the collection was donated by CH2M HILL in 2007.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Architects  Search this
Architecture, Commercial  Search this
Architecture, Domestic  Search this
Building materials  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Construction industry  Search this
Company towns  Search this
Textile mills  Search this
Mills  Search this
Manufacturing industries  Search this
Industrial engineering  Search this
Industrial buildings -- Design and construction  Search this
Industrial buildings  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Factories -- Power supply  Search this
Factories -- Design and construction  Search this
Factories  Search this
Cotton textile industry  Search this
Commercial buildings  Search this
Electric power production  Search this
Genre/Form:
Linen tracings
Paper flimsies
Business records
Design drawings
Blueprints
Patents
Specifications
Reports
Photograph albums
Photographs -- 21st century
Photographs -- 20th century
Trade literature
Photographs -- 1890-1900
Citation:
Lockwood Greene Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1113
See more items in:
Lockwood-Greene Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85090342a-0c7e-4667-8b37-fa0e8309b5ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1113
Online Media:

Untitled [George Washington]

Depicted:
Washington, George  Search this
Copyright holder:
Sabin, J. F.  Search this
Maker:
unknown  Search this
Original artist:
Trumbull, John  Search this
Measurements:
image: 10 in x 7 in; 25.4 cm x 17.78 cm
Object Name:
engraving
Object Type:
Engraving
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1899
Subject:
Chronology: after 1890  Search this
Patriotism and Patriotic Symbols  Search this
Uniforms, Military  Search this
Architecture, Domestic Buildings  Search this
Credit Line:
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
ID Number:
DL.60.3201
Catalog number:
60.3201
See more items in:
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Art
Peters Prints
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-0246-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_325504

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Architect:
Pope, John Russell 1874-1937  Search this
Architectural firm:
Eggers and Higgins  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Architecture exterior--Domestic--House  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0101463
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_101464

Ranchos de Taos [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Mora, F. Luis 1874-1940  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1934-1936
Topic:
Landscape--New Mexico--Ranchos de Taos  Search this
Figure group--Family--Mother & Child  Search this
Landscape--New Mexico--Taos  Search this
Ethnic  Search this
Architecture exterior--Domestic--House  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0101584
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_101585

New York Apartment Buildings [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Goetz, Esther Becker 1907-1971  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1948
Topic:
Cityscape--New York--New York City  Search this
Cityscape--Street  Search this
Architecture exterior--Domestic--Apartment  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0103375
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_103376

Night, New England [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Tryon, Dwight W. 1849-1925  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1910
Topic:
Landscape--Time--Night  Search this
Landscape--United States--New England States  Search this
Architecture exterior--Domestic--House  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0103744
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_103745

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By