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Collection Creator:
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Container:
Box 21, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1947-1976
Scope and Contents note:
A.M. Sachs Gallery

A.P.F. Inc.

Acme Van Co, Inc.

Adler Gallery

Albany Institute of History and Art

Alcoa Steamship Company

American Abstract Artists

American Academy in Rome

American Academy of Arts and Letters

American West

Amerika-Haus Tubingen

Amherst College

Andre Emmerich Gallery

Architectural League of New York

Archives of American Art

ART:USA:59

The Art Gallery

Ariete Grafica

Arnot Art Museum

Artists Equity Association

The Artist's Gallery

Association for the Advancement of American Art, Inc.
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers, 1916-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers
Betty Parsons Gallery records and personal papers / Series 3: Correspondence Files / 3.1: Institutions and Dealers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-parsbett-ref766

Architectural League of New York

Collection Creator:
Cronbach, Robt. (Robert M.), 1908-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1947-1953
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Robert M. Cronbach papers, 1914-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Robert M. Cronbach papers
Robert M. Cronbach papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-cronrobe-ref22

Thomas Heatherwick in Conversation with Paul Goldberger

Creator:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum  Search this
Type:
Lectures
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-20T21:05:53.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Design  Search this
See more by:
cooperhewitt
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
YouTube Channel:
cooperhewitt
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_HXK76jrD3t4

[Immergrun]

Creator:
Schwab, Charles M., 1862-1939  Search this
Mount Assisi Monastery  Search this
Landscape architect:
Leavitt, Charles Wellford  Search this
Emmet, Devereux  Search this
Architect:
Murphy And Dana  Search this
Nurseryman:
Lewis & Valentine  Search this
Contractor/builder:
Spinner, F. E.  Search this
Sculptor:
Crenier, Henri  Search this
Manship, Paul, 1885-1966  Search this
Whitney, Gertrude  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Books
Place:
Pennsylvania -- Loretto
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Cambria County -- Loretto
Date:
1920.
General:
Architectural League of New York - 1920. Left: Main Entrance Gate and Village Cross. Right: Blue Jay Gateway.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gates -- Iron  Search this
Overthrow (gates)  Search this
Roads  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA321020
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA321: Loretto -- Immergrun
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16870

Architectural League of New York, Exhibition Catalog

Collection Creator:
Meiere, M. Hildreth, d. 1961  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1930
Scope and Contents:
Oversized publication in box 15
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires and appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Hildreth Meière papers, 1901-2011, bulk 1911-1960. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Hildreth Meière papers
Hildreth Meière papers / Series 6: Printed Materials / Professional Organizations
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-meiemari-ref658

Architectural League of New York, Index of Exhibits

Collection Creator:
Meiere, M. Hildreth, d. 1961  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1921-1933
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires and appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Hildreth Meière papers, 1901-2011, bulk 1911-1960. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Hildreth Meière papers
Hildreth Meière papers / Series 6: Printed Materials / Professional Organizations
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-meiemari-ref659

Business Records

Collection Creator:
Edwards, Ethel, 1914-1999  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Linear feet (Boxes 3-4)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1949-1994
Scope and Contents:
Business records for the Wellfleet Art Gallery include inventories and price lists of Edwards' and other artists' artwork, a guest book, and a drawing of the gallery grounds. Personal business records include files concerning about commissioned paintings for the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, donations of Edwards' and Gonzalez's artwork, funding applications to the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial and the Louis Comfort Tiffany foundations, inventories of Edwards' work at other galleries, and sales records. Additionally, there are scattered files for Edwards' exhibitions at the Architectural League of New York's Chair Fair, Chase Manhattan Bank, Grand Central Art Galleries, Norman Kramer Gallery, and St. Peter's College in New Jersey.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Ethel Edwards papers, circa 1929-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.edwaethe, Series 4
See more items in:
Ethel Edwards papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-edwaethe-ref16

National Academy of Design records

Creator:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 1852-1911  Search this
Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886  Search this
Lanyon, Ellen  Search this
Ranger, Henry Ward, 1858-1916  Search this
Extent:
92.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Date:
1817-2012
Summary:
The records of New York City's National Academy of Design measure 92.7 linear feet and date from 1817-2012. The records pertain to all three constituents of the tripartite organization consisting of the Academy, a membership body of artists founded in 1825; the school, founded at the same time to promote arts education; and the exhibition program, inaugurated in 1826. Extensive administrative records include minutes, committee files, director files, annual reports, constitutions, and correspondence and subject files of council officers. Exhibition records, also substantive, date to the Academy's first annual exhibition and include gallery and special exhibitions, as well as exhibitions at the Academy's museum, established in 1979. The collection also includes gifts and funding files, especially relating to endowments and prizes; membership records; National Academy Association records; Ranger Fund assignments; extensive files pertaining to the school's administration, courses of instruction, registrations, and attendance; twenty scrapbooks containing clippings and ephemera; Society of American Artists records; correspondence and ephemera from other organizations; transcripts from oral histories with Academy members; extensive photographic material documenting artists, members, the school, exhibitions, buildings, and artwork created by Academy members; artist files containing correspondence, writings, and sketches from those associated with the Academy; and assorted printed material and ephemera.
Scope and Contents:
The records of New York City's National Academy of Design measure 92.7 linear feet and date from 1817-2012. The records pertain to all three constituents of the tripartite organization consisting of the Academy, a membership body of artists founded in 1825; the school, founded at the same time to promote arts education; and the exhibition program, inaugurated in 1826. Extensive administrative records include minutes, committee files, director files, annual reports, constitutions, and correspondence and subject files of council officers. Exhibition records, also substantive, date to the Academy's first annual exhibition and include gallery and special exhibitions, as well as exhibitions at the Academy's museum, established in 1979. The collection also includes gifts and funding files, especially relating to endowments and prizes; membership records; National Academy Association records; Ranger Fund assignments; extensive files pertaining to the school's administration, courses of instruction, registrations, and attendance; twenty scrapbooks containing clippings and ephemera; Society of American Artists records; correspondence and ephemera from other organizations; transcripts from oral histories with Academy members; extensive photographic material documenting artists, members, the school, exhibitions, buildings, and artwork created by Academy members; artist files containing correspondence, writings, and sketches from those associated with the Academy; and assorted printed material and ephemera.

The Academy minutes and committee files consist of official, original, and transcribed proceedings for the council, annual, business, and some committee meetings, as well as related correspondence, reports, financial documents, notes, drafts, and ballots pertaining to the Academy's administration and activities from its 1825 founding until 2006. As an organization actively engaged in the development of art and art education in the United States, the Academy minutes and committee files are a valuable resource on subjects and topics in the Academy's history; in particular, its founding, administration, school, and exhibition program.

Director files date from 1942-1990 and document the activities of four of the Academy's chief administrators, including Vernon Porter (1950-1966), Earl Tyler (1966-1967), Alice Melrose (1967-1977), and John H. Dobkin (1978-1990). Items include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, and printed material.

Annual reports, dating from 1828-2003, summarize the activities of the Academy over the course of a year, and may include presidents' reports, treasurers' reports, audits of financial operations by public accountants, and printed annual reports containing summaries from multiple council officers. Information pertains to the year's activities including finances, exhibitions, membership, the school, committee activities, awards, and other business.

Academy constitutions date from 1826-2012 and include the printed constitutions and by-laws as well as constitutional proposals. Constitutions and by-laws name the current council officials, professors, academicians, associates, and honorary members, and state the mission and guidelines for operation in regards to membership, officers, annual meetings, elections, school, exhibitions, and how the constitution can be amended or altered. Constitutional proposals contain amendment drafts, alterations, and related correspondence.

Council officer files, dating from 1848-1980, contain the correspondence and subjects files of Academy officers—presidents, vice presidents, corresponding secretaries, and treasurers—concerning all matters of Academy business and operations including membership, gifts and funds, the federal charter, exhibitions, juries, the school, scholarships, committee affairs, anniversaries, publicity, administrative matters, resignations, and relationships with other organizations.

General administrative files date from 1825-1982 and include ledgers, certificates, correspondence, and legal documents pertaining to the Academy's founding, building, financial accounts, art collection, and other administrative matters.

Exhibition files, dating from 1826-2003, document the Academy's long exhibition history and includes annual, gallery, special, and museum exhibitions. Files may include exhibition catalogs, photographs, press clippings, sales records, and correspondence related to jury selection, awards and prizes, and logistical planning. Files pertaining to the Academy's annual exhibitions comprise a bulk of the series. Held since 1826, the Annuals were organized and curated by Academy members, and considered to be an important and sweeping survey of contemporary American art.

Gifts and funding files date from 1860-2009 and include financial documents, ledgers, legal material, and correspondence concerning the bequests, endowments, donations, and other gifts that financed the operations of the Academy and school. A significant number of records pertain to the Abbey Trust Fund and the Archer M. Hunting Fund.

Membership files, 1826-2012, document Academy members, honorary members, fellows, and the nominations and elections whereby members were voted into the Academy. Materials include registers, certificates, nomination ledgers and proposals, candidate biographies, and ballots.

The National Academy Association files date from 1911-1959 and contain a constitution, plan, and agreement, as well as correspondence, meeting minutes, and reports for the Association, incorporated in 1912 with the aim to erect a building shared by several New York art societies. At the time of incorporation, the Association consisted of members from the National Academy of Design, American Water Color Society, American Institute of Architects, Architectural League of New York, New York Water Color Club, National Sculpture Society, Municipal Art Society, Society of Beaux-Arts Architects, Mural Painters, Society of Illustrators, and a number of city representatives and citizens.

The Ranger Fund assignment files, 1919-2008, document the distribution of artworks by living American artists to institutions throughout the United States, in accordance with the will of Henry Ward Ranger. The Ranger Fund was initiated to stimulate public interest in the work of contemporary American painters in 1919, when the Academy received a bequest from Henry Ward Ranger, totaling $400,000. Ranger stated in his will that the capital should be invested and the income used as a purchase fund to facilitate gifts of paintings by living American artists to arts institutions throughout the United States. Files document the assignment of particular works of art to institutions through the official agreement, related correspondence, and in some instances, photographs of the artwork.

Extensive school records, dating from 1826-2008, contain administrative files, enrollment records, course files, student affairs files, and printed material documenting all aspects of the school's activities aligned with the Academy's mission to educate aspiring professional artists. A bulk of this series consists of student course registrations, documented in registers, then on index cards beginning in the 1930s. While information collected varied over the decades, registrations document student names and the year, and may additionally include course name, instructor, and cost.

Twenty Academy scrapbooks document the organization's activities from 1828-1939 and include clippings and ephemera. Three of the scrapbooks are devoted to specific topics, including one for the Society of American Artists, one for both the Society of American Artists and the Society of American Fakirs, and one for the Academy's centennial exhibition.

The Society of American Artists files, 1878-1906, document the formation of the Society as a departure from the Academy in 1877, its independent operations and activities, and its eventual consolidation with the Academy in 1906. The Society's members have included Edwin Abbey, James Carroll Beckwith, Mary Cassatt, William Merritt Chase, Thomas Eakins, George Inness Jr., John La Farge, Albert Pinkham Ryder, among many others.

Files from other organizations date from 1817-1997 and may include correspondence, ledgers, and printed material. Many of these organizations had business with the Academy, and records pertain to events, meetings, and exhibitions. Notable organizations include the American Academy of Fine Arts, American Federation of Arts, American Watercolor Society, Art Students League, Fine Arts Federation of New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Etching Club, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and Salmagundi Club.

Oral history transcripts date from 2002-2007. Eight comprehensive interviews, conducted by Avis Berman for the Academy, are with Academy members and cover all aspects of the artists' lives, including family, early life, beginning career, mentors, contemporaries, influences, patrons, awards, residencies, as well as the artists' relationship with the Academy. The interview transcripts provide first-hand accounts of the organization, particularly from circa 1940 up to the time of the interview. Artists interviewed include Will Barnet, Hyman Bloom, Richard Haas, Ellen Lanyon, Jules Olitski, Bernard Olshan, Paul Resika, and Dorothea Rockburne.

Photographic material, dating from 1845-2010, includes a wide variety of formats and processes including 19th and 20th photographic prints, glass plate negatives, copy prints, contact sheets, slides, and 35mm negatives. Subjects include artists and others associated with the Academy, the school, exhibitions and events, Academy buildings, artwork, and reference photographs. Many 19th century photographs contain descriptive annotations. Supplementary inventories and guides prepared by Academy archivists are scattered throughout the series.

Artist files date from 1826-2004 and include the correspondence, writings, manuscripts, diaries, exhibition catalogs, and clippings of many notable artists involved with the Academy, including Asher B. Durand and Rembrandt Peale. Of particular note are two notebooks Durand gifted to the Academy, both containing notes and sketches from anatomy lectures.

While printed material is scattered throughout, the final series collects a small number of additional announcements, brochures, clippings, illustrations, and other ephemera not filed in other series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as nineteen series.

Series 1: Minutes and Committee Files, 1825-2006 (11.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-11, BV 100-106)

Series 2: Director Files, 1942-1990 (0.5 linear feet; Box 11)

Series 3: Annual Reports, 1828-2003, circa 2010 (2.1 linear feet; Boxes 11-13, OV 139-142)

Series 4: Constitutions, 1826-2012 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 13-14)

Series 5: Council Officers, 1848-1980 (4 linear feet; Boxes 14-18)

Series 6: General Administration, 1825-1982 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 18, 126)

Series 7: Exhibitions, 1826-2003, 2008 (14.4 linear feet; Boxes 18-33)

Series 8: Gifts and Funding, 1860-2009 (4.1 linear feet; Boxes 33-37)

Series 9: Membership, 1826-2012 (3.4 linear feet; Boxes 37-39, 127-131)

Series 10: National Academy Association, 1911-1959 (0.4 linear feet; Box 39)

Series 11: Ranger Fund Assignments, 1919-2008 (4.3 linear feet; Boxes 39-44)

Series 12: School, 1826-2008 (28.5 linear feet; Boxes 44-56, 68-99)

Series 13: Scrapbooks, 1828-1939 (4 linear feet; Box 56, BV 107-125)

Series 14: Society of American Artists, 1878-1906 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 56-57)

Series 15: Other Organizations, 1817-1997 (1.8 linear feet; Boxes 57-59, 131)

Series 16: Oral History Transcripts, 2002-2007 (0.7 linear feet; Box 59)

Series 17: Photographic Material, 1845-2010 (6.1 linear feet; Boxes 60-63, 131-138, OV 143-144)

Series 18: Artist Files, 1826-2004 (3.5 linear feet; Boxes 63-66)

Series 19: Printed Material, 1839-1954 (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 67, 131, OV 145)
Biographical / Historical:
The National Academy of Design (1825- ) based in New York City, is a tripartite organization consisting of a membership body of artists, a school, and an exhibition program. The Academy was founded in 1825 by a group of professional artists with the mission to promote the fine arts in America through exhibition and education. Originally named the New York Drawing Association, the Academy was the first organization in the United States established and managed by professional artists. Samuel F.B. Morse, the Academy's first president, was influenced by the organization of the Royal Academy in London, which was comprised of professional artist members and elected government council, an art school, and a venue for exhibitions. After unsuccessful negotiations to unite with the American Academy of Fine Arts, the New York Drawing Association reformed as the National Academy of The Arts of Design on January 19, 1826. Among the founders were mostly young artists who became prominent figures in American art, including Frederick S. Agate, Thomas Cole, Thomas S. Cummings, Asher B. Durand, John Frazee, Charles C. Ingham, Henry Inman, Gerlando Marsiglia, Samuel F. B. Morse, Samuel L. Waldo, and Charles Cushing Wright.

The first Academy members were elected in January 1826, and levels of membership were established shortly thereafter. Originally there were four levels of Academy membership: associates, academicians, artists, and honorary corresponding members. The category of artists was eliminated in 1829, and the honorary member category, established to recognize American artists living outside New York, distinguished foreign artists, and patrons and friends of the Academy, was eliminated in 1862 (the constitution was not amended with this change until 1896). Since 1869, the residency requirement for election to active membership was eliminated and membership was opened to all American artists. In 1920, the classification of honorary corresponding member was re-introduced to recognize representatives of other national academies. With the 1997 constitution, the honorary corresponding member classification was again eliminated, and in 1994 the associate category was eliminated.

Artists are proposed for membership by academicians through the membership committee and are elected for life by a sixty percent majority, based on recognized excellence and significant contributions to the field. Procedures and rules for nominating and choosing new academicians changed over the years, as detailed in the constitutions. Associates were at one time required to present a portrait of themselves upon election and academicians were required to provide an additional representative work upon election. With the elimination of the category of associate in 1994, only one representative work is currently required. These works of art become part of the Academy's permanent collection.

The original classes of professional artists were painting, sculpture, architecture, and engraving. These professional classes were modified over the years. In 1936 the engraving class was made more comprehensive, including all of the graphic arts. Watercolor was added as a class in 1943 and was codified in the 1945 constitution. However, the division into five distinct classes started to create difficulties in how specific works of art were to be categorized. In 1981 the council eased the rules regarding separate media classification so that members could submit a work in any medium to the annual exhibitions regardless of the class to which they had been elected. The constitution of 1994 restated four professional classes—painting, sculpture, graphics, and architecture—which were further reduced in the 2011 constitution to two: visual arts and architecture.

Until 2009, the governing body of the Academy was the council. The seven officers of the council were president, vice-president, treasurer, assistant treasurer, corresponding secretary, assistant corresponding secretary and recording secretary, all of whom were required to be academicians. In 2009, a new constitution provided for a board of governors, replacing the council. The five officers of the board of governors are chair, vice-chair, president, vice-president, and treasurer. Only the offices of president and vice-president are required to be held by academicians.

Central to the Academy's mission, the school began with an anatomy lecture for the New York Drawing Association, delivered by Dr. Frederick G. King in November 1825. The first drawing session took place in November 1826 in the Old Alms House at City Hall Park with two academicians and twenty students. In the school's early years, professional artists met with students to draw from plaster casts of antique sculpture in the academic tradition. Both lectures and studio training were central the school's early curricula. Life classes, the practice of drawing from live models, were introduced in 1837, but only to advanced male students. A life class for women was not instituted until 1857, even though women were allowed membership to the Academy since its beginning. Due to financial difficulties at the Academy, the school was forced to move locations and shut down its operations for extended periods. Mounting dissatisfaction and frustration led several students and Lemuel E. Wilmarth, one of the school's leaders and first full-time professional instructor, to leave the Academy in 1875 and form a new school, the Art Students League. While charging tuition was unpopular, the Academy realized that it was necessary to ensure the school's sustainability, and implemented fee structures with varying success over the second half of the 19th century and first half of the 20th. Eventually, tuition was established by 1951, when the school was reopened at a new location, 5th Avenue and 89th Street.

Exhibitions have always been an important activity for the Academy, even prior to the opening of the National Academy Museum in 1979. Since 1826, the Academy has held annual exhibitions intended to reflect contemporary art currents in America. Any American artist was eligible to submit work to be reviewed by a jury of selection, comprised of academicians. Throughout the 19th century, the annual exhibitions at the Academy were one of the most significant and influential in the country. The selection process for these exhibitions was a critical topic, at times actively discussed in the press, and continually undergoing modification and change. In addition to the Annuals, the galleries of the Academy were often rented or loaned to outside organizations such as the American Watercolor Society, Audubon Artists, and the National Association of Women Artists. The galleries also mounted special exhibitions curated by its members and hosted a certain number of travelling exhibitions organized by other museums or art organizations. The museum, opened in 1979, hosted and presented major exhibitions, many focusing on historic European subjects.

Official Names of the Academy 1825-2017

1825 -- The New York Drawing Association

1826 -- The National Academy of The Arts of Design

1828 -- The National Academy of Design

1997 -- The National Academy Museum and School of Fine Art

2017 -- The National Academy of Design

National Academy of Design Meeting, Exhibition, and School Locations

1826 -- Old Alms House at City Hall Park in lower Manhattan

1827-1830 -- Chambers Street over the Arcade Baths

1831-1840 -- Corner of Nassau and Beckman Streets, the Mercantile Library on the third floor of Clinton Hall

1841 to 1849 -- 346 Broadway (at Leonard Street), the third and fourth floors of the New York Society Library

1850-1854 -- 663 Broadway, where the Academy erected a suite of six galleries

1855-1856 -- 548 Broadway (over Dr. Chapin's Church)

1857 -- 663 Broadway

1858-1861 -- 10th Street and 4th Avenue, the upper floor of a building

1861-1863 -- 625 Broadway, the Institute of Art

1865-1899 -- 23rd Street and Fourth Avenue (now Park Avenue South)

1899-1940 -- 109th Street and Amsterdam Avenue; exhibition galleries at 215 West 57th Street

1940-2017 -- 1083 Fifth Avenue at East 89th Street
Provenance:
The bulk of the collection was donated by the National Academy of Design in 2018. The trustees' ledger book in series 6 was donated in 1979 by Warder Cadbury of the Adirondack Museum; it is unclear how Cadbury acquired the ledger. Microfilm reels 798-799 containing transcriptions of minutes were given to the Archives by Lois Fink in 1974.
Restrictions:
This bulk of this collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Function:
Art Schools -- New York (State) -- New York
Arts organizations -- New York (State) -- New York
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Citation:
National Academy of Design records, 1817-2012. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.natiacad
See more items in:
National Academy of Design records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-natiacad
Online Media:

National Academy Association

Collection Creator:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet (Box 39)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1911-1959
Scope and Contents:
The National Academy Association files contain a constitution, plan, and agreement, as well as correspondence, meeting minutes, and reports for the National Academy Association, incorporated in 1912, with the aim to erect a building shared by several New York art societies. At the time of incorporation, the Association consisted of members from the National Academy of Design, American Water Color Society, American Institute of Architects, Architectural League of New York, New York Water Color Club, National Sculpture Society, Municipal Art Society, Society of Beaux-Arts Architects, Mural Painters, Society of Illustrators, and a number of city representatives and citizens. Their shared goals were to develop and encourage the study of fine arts, aid artists and associations of artists, disseminate knowledge of and stimulate interest in fine arts, provide space for classes, exhibitions, lectures, and accommodations. The final goal, the erection of an Arts Center, never came to fruition. In 1958, refunds were issued by the Association's board of trustees to each of the organizations who contributed money at the 1912 incorporation.
Collection Restrictions:
This bulk of this collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
National Academy of Design records, 1817-2012. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.natiacad, Series 10
See more items in:
National Academy of Design records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-natiacad-ref10

Architectural League of New York

Collection Creator:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Container:
Box 58, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1895-1939
Collection Restrictions:
This bulk of this collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
National Academy of Design records, 1817-2012. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
National Academy of Design records
National Academy of Design records / Series 15: Other Organizations
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-natiacad-ref965

F. Luis Mora pocket diary

Creator:
Mora, F. Luis (Francis Luis), 1874-1940  Search this
Mora, F. Luis (Francis Luis), 1874-1940  Search this
Subject:
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Lotos Club (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Armory Show (1913 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1913 Mar.
Topic:
Painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12593
See more items in:
F. Luis Mora papers, 1891-1986, bulk 1891-1922
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12593

Environment V: Vibrations exhibition poster

Creator:
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Subject:
Cassen, Jackie  Search this
Stern, Rudi  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1967
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14914
See more items in:
Architectural League of New York records, 1880s-1974
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14914
Online Media:

Rutherford Boyd papers, 1900-1983

Creator:
Boyd, Rutherford, 1882-1951  Search this
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Boyd, Rutherford, 1882-1951  Search this
Subject:
Williams, J. Scott (John Scott)  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr.  Search this
Blake, Elizabeth J.  Search this
Bragdon, Claude Fayette  Search this
Conrow, Wilford Seymour  Search this
Edwards, Edward B.  Search this
Fiske, Edwin W.  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- United States  Search this
Symmetry  Search this
Proportion (Art)  Search this
Design  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5728
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208567
AAA_collcode_boydruth
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208567

Catha Grace Rambusch collection of papers on architecture, 1921-1975

Creator:
Rambusch, Catha Grace  Search this
Rambusch, Catha Grace  Search this
Subject:
Knight, Harry  Search this
Stea, Cesare  Search this
Bauer, Albert Bela  Search this
United States  Search this
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Architecture, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Architecture and state -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Architecture & Design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5877
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208717
AAA_collcode_rambcath
Theme:
New Deal
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208717

Alexander Sambugnac papers, 1909-1964

Creator:
Sambugnac, Alexander, 1888-1965  Search this
Sambugnac, Alexander, 1888-1965  Search this
Subject:
Bourdelle, Emile Antoine  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture  Search this
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6691
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208816
AAA_collcode_sambalex
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208816

Adolph Block papers, 1921-1971

Creator:
Block, Adolph, 1906-1978  Search this
Block, Adolph, 1906-1978  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture -- United States  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6742
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208867
AAA_collcode_blocadol
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208867

American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993, bulk 1909-1969

Creator:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Subject:
Albers, Anni  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Albert, Calvin  Search this
Day, Worden  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Daumier, Honoré  Search this
Coen, Eleanor  Search this
Conover, Robert F. (Robert Fremont)  Search this
Citron, Minna Wright  Search this
Clements, Geoffrey  Search this
Chase, William Merritt  Search this
Chesney, Lee  Search this
Casarella, Edmond  Search this
Chagall, Marc  Search this
Breuer, Marcel  Search this
Brooks, James  Search this
Braque, Georges  Search this
Blume, Peter  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Bingham, George Caleb  Search this
Bertoia, Harry  Search this
Berman, Eugene  Search this
Bellows, George  Search this
Baziotes, William  Search this
Avery, Milton  Search this
Arp, Jean  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Antreasian, Garo Z.  Search this
Altman, Harold  Search this
Yunkers, Adja  Search this
Xceron, Jean  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew  Search this
Wines, James  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite  Search this
Zoellner, Richard  Search this
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Zao, Wou-ki  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Wald, Sylvia  Search this
Whiting, Frederic Allen  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Demuth, Charles  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Santomaso, Giuseppe  Search this
Saetti, Bruno  Search this
Sato, Tadashi  Search this
Sargent, John Singer  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Roszak, Theodore  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Ryder, Albert Pinkham  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Rouault, Georges  Search this
Seligmann, Kurt  Search this
Schramm, James S.  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Whittredge  Search this
Schanker, Louis  Search this
Savelli, Angelo  Search this
Schrag, Karl  Search this
Schongauer, Martin  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Porter, Fairfield  Search this
Oliveira, Nathan  Search this
Parks, Gordon  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel  Search this
Perlmutter, Jack  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Callahan, Kenneth  Search this
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn  Search this
Renoir, Auguste  Search this
Pozzatti, Rudy  Search this
Sloan, John  Search this
Ratkai, George  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Tomlin, Bradley Walker  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Tiepolo, Giovanni Domenico  Search this
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista  Search this
Thrall, Arthur  Search this
Thon, William  Search this
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice)  Search this
Tchelitchew, Pavel  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino  Search this
Von Wiegand, Charmion  Search this
Von Wicht, John  Search this
Vespignani, Renzo  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Turner, J. M. W. (Joseph Mallord William)  Search this
Treiman, Joyce  Search this
Tooker, George  Search this
Steg, J. L.  Search this
Steichen, Edward  Search this
Spruance, Benton  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Spaeth, Eloise  Search this
Smith, David  Search this
Suzuki, James  Search this
Takal, Peter  Search this
Stone, Edward Durell  Search this
Summers, Carol  Search this
Sterne, Maurice  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Stella, Joseph  Search this
Sterne, Hedda  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
George, Thomas  Search this
Gatch, Lee  Search this
Adams, Ansel  Search this
Goodnough, Robert  Search this
Goya, Francisco  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
Graves, Morris  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William  Search this
Hassam, Childe  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Heliker, John Edward  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz  Search this
Degas, Edgar  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Dove, Arthur Garfield  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Dubuffet, Jean  Search this
Eakins, Thomas  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Ernst, Jimmy  Search this
Fine, Perle  Search this
Force, Juliana  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Frasconi, Antonio  Search this
Meeker, Dean  Search this
Mechlin, Leila  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
Moore, Henry  Search this
Moller, Hans  Search this
Miró, Joan  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Neuberger, Roy R.  Search this
Murch, Walter  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros  Search this
Moy, Seong  Search this
Morris, George L. K.  Search this
Okada, Kenzo  Search this
Barnet, Will  Search this
Nicholson, Ben  Search this
Kahn, Max  Search this
Kelly, Ellsworth  Search this
Jones, John Paul  Search this
Jorn, Asger  Search this
Kohn, Misch  Search this
Kienbusch, William  Search this
Klee, Paul  Search this
Crawford, Ralston  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
MacIver, Loren  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill  Search this
Margo, Boris  Search this
Léger, Fernand  Search this
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Exhibition catalogs
Photographs
Lantern slides
Administrative records
Topic:
Traveling exhibitions  Search this
Art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Theme:
The Art Market  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
American Art and Artists in a Global Context  Search this
Communities, Organizations, Museums  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5411
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209113
AAA_collcode_amerfeda
Theme:
The Art Market
Lives of American Artists
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209113
Online Media:

Vincent Glinsky papers, 1927-1982

Creator:
Glinsky, Vincent, 1895-1975  Search this
Glinsky, Vincent, 1895-1975  Search this
Subject:
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Federal Art Project (N.Y.)  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
National Sculpture Society (U.S.)  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, American -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7269
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209420
AAA_collcode_glinvinc
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209420

Architectural League of New York records, 1880s-1974

Creator:
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Subject:
Gilbert, Cass  Search this
American Institute of Architects  Search this
National Sculpture Society (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Annual reports
Photographs
Minutes
Lantern slides
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Associations, institutions, etc.  Search this
Theme:
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related  Search this
Communities, Organizations, Museums  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7617
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209780
AAA_collcode_archleag
Theme:
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209780
Online Media:

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