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The Garden Club of America collection

Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Names:
New York Flower Show  Search this
Extent:
37,000 Slides (35mm slides)
33 Linear feet ((garden files))
3,000 Lantern slides
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Slides (photographs)
Date:
circa 1920-present
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,000 glass lantern slides and garden files that may include descriptive information, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures, landscape plans and drawings. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.

A number of the slides are copies of historic images from outside repositories including horticultural and historical societies or from horticultural books and publications. The GCA made a concerted effort in the mid-1980s to acquire these images in order to increase its documentation of American garden history. Because of copyright considerations, use of these particular images may be restricted.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.

The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by The GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.

The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Gardens -- Mexico  Search this
Flower shows  Search this
Gardening -- United States -- societies, etc  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Landscape architecture  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Spain  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Plans (drawings)
Brochures
Articles
Correspondence
Clippings
Lantern slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-gca
Online Media:

Withyham -- Buckhurst Park

Architect:
Lutyens, Edwin Landseer Sir, 1869-1944  Search this
Garden designer:
Jekyll, Gertrude, 1843-1932  Search this
Former resident:
Benson, Robert Henry, 1850-1929  Search this
Benson, Evelyn Holford, 1857-1943  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Buckhurst Park (Withyham, East Sussex, England)
United Kingdom -- England -- East Sussex -- Withyham
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and an essay.
General:
Buckhurst Park, the home on Buckhurst Estate, dates from 1603 and was visited during the Garden Club of America's 1929 tour to England. An addition to the estate was made by the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens in the early twentieth century. Lutyens designed the gardens with the help of Gertrude Jekyll who assisted with plantings. The Buckhurst Estate served as inspiration for author A. A. Milne in the creation of Winnie the Pooh and the Hundred Acre Wood.
In 1902-1903, Lutyens and Jekyll created a terraced garden consisting of three levels for then-lessors Robert Henry Benson and Evelyn Benson. The top level contained a sunken lily pond. Lutyens also built two stone pergolas on the lowest level of the terrace. Revisiting the historic plantings for this garden, the current owner replanted the terrace in 2011 with lavender, salvia, alchemilla, gorse, digitalis, and various roses.
A complete copy of the GCA tour itinerary was printed in the Bulletin of the Garden Club of America (Fourth Series, No. 5), September 1929, pp. 6-25.
Persons associated with the garden include Robert Henry Benson and Evelyn Benson (former owners, 1920s), Sir Edward Lutyens (architect, 1902-1903) and Gertrude Jekyll (garden designer, 1902-1903).
Related Materials:
Buckhurst Park related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- England -- East Sussex -- Withyham  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File ENG004
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 2: International Garden Images / United Kingdom -- England
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref4493

Mason Neck -- Gunston Hall

Former owner:
Hertle, Louis  Search this
Mason, George, 1725-1792  Search this
Architect:
Buckland, William, 1734-1774  Search this
Restoration architect:
Kimball, Fiske, 1888-1955  Search this
Landscape architect:
Hopkins, Alden  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Gunston Hall (Mason Neck, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Fairfax County -- Mason Neck
Scope and Contents:
Folders include worksheets, brochures, and copies of articles.

Five 35 mm. slides have not been catalogued. They include copies of images from Better Homes and Gardens America's Gardens (p. 22); brochure aerial view; and Historic Virginia Gardens (pp. 110-111, 300, and 301).
General:
George Mason built Gunston Hall between 1753 and 1755. The house and gardens remained in the Mason family until the 1860s. After the Civil War ended, owners worked to restore the house and gardens which were destroyed by troops. Louis Hertle added a perola, rose garden with hybrid tea roses, and a reflecting pool. By 1934, nothing remained of the eighteenth-century garden except for the box hedge. When the Garden Club of Virginia took over the garden restoration, the pools, fountains, figures, summer house, roses, and flowering cherry trees were removed. Four parterres along the boxwood walk were planted in dwarf box. Also, two Chinese Chippendale gazebos were built on the outer corners of the lower terrace. The gardens and museum are open to the public.
Persons associated with the property include: George Mason (former owner, 1755-1792); General Robert Gibson Smith or Colonel Edward Daniels (former owner, ca. 1870); Jospeh Specht (former owner); Paul Kester (former owner, 1907-1913); Louis Hertle (former owner, 1913-1949); Commonwealth of Virginia (owner); William Buckland (architect, ca. 1753); National Society of Colonial Dames (caretakers, 1932-present); Alden Hopkins (landscape designer, ca. 1950); Glenn Brown (architect for restorations of house and grounds, ca. 1912); Garden Club of Virginia (garden designers); William and Harvey Nursery (transplanting box, 1952); and Thurman Bushrod (gardener).
Related Materials:
Gunston Hall related holdings consist of 1 folder (12 glass lantern slides and 10 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Mason Neck  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18938

Abington Township -- Hidden Glen Farms

Former owner:
Conger, Fred  Search this
Conger, Betty  Search this
Landscape designer:
Gale, Charles H.  Search this
Architect:
Brumbaugh, G. Edwin  Search this
Milner, John  Search this
Landscape architect:
Peck, Frederick W. G.  Search this
Owen B. Schmidt & Sons  Search this
Provenance:
Huntingdon Valley Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hidden Glen Farms (Meadowbrook, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery County -- Abington Township -- Meadowbrook
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, a copy of the garden plan, and three photos of the original Charles H. Gale installation from ca. 1983 (two of the same view). The garden is noted for its incorporation of colonial (eighteenth-century) design elements in a contemporary setting.
General:
"This garden was designed to enhance an eighteenth-century landscape and house setting. Landscape architect Charles H. Gale, Sr., was inspired by the architectural and horticultural research done at Colonial Williamsburg. He created a half acre of colonial gardens terraced to separate the formal flower and herb garden from the vegetable and fruit garden. The upper tier is in geometric subdivisions using English boxwood to edge and enclose spring bulbs, annuals, biennials, and perennials. Included are lilies, aquilegia, digitalis, delphinium, coreopsis, gallardia, phlox, astilbe, stokesia, Shasta daisies, yarrow, candytuft, alyssum, veronica, comfrey, and medicinal as well as cooking, and sweet-smelling herbs, the latter lining one side of the garden fence.
In each of the four geometric shapes is a five-foot, classical lead statue made in England. . . . The center circle has an eighteenth-century sundial. Fieldstone retaining walls, which contain the hill, and a sitting niche and bench with herbs underfoot utilize eighteenth-century ideas of garden construction. The vegetable and fruit garden, four stone steps down, is bordered on two sides by espaliered dwarf apple trees and grape vines. The small hill on the side of the steps is covered with lilies and strawberries. In one corner the fences join a garden tool house, which has a cedar shingled roof to match the family house and pool house roofs. Williamsburg clay birdhouses hang from one side of this house. The sheep pasture is adjacent to the garden. Fields and lower orchard go behind the garden. The tennis court,pool, woods and creek follow the lawns to the right."
Persons associated with the property include: Fred and Betty Conger (former owners, 1937-1963); Frederick W. G. Peck (landscape designer, 1967); Charles H.Gale (landscape architect, 1982); G. Edwin Brumbaugh (architect, 1937, 1966, 1969); Owen B. Schmidt & Sons (landscape architects, 1968); and John Milner (architect, 1981 and 1989).
Related Materials:
Hidden Glen Farms related holdings consist of 1 folder (24 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Meadowbrook  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA348
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16429

Abington Township -- Hidden Glen

Former owner:
Conger, Fred  Search this
Conger, Betty  Search this
Architect:
Brumbaugh, G. Edwin  Search this
Milner, John  Search this
Landscape designer:
Gale, Charles H.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Peck, Frederick W. G.  Search this
Owen B. Schmidt & Sons  Search this
Provenance:
Huntingdon Valley Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hidden Glen Farms (Meadowbrook, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery County -- Abington Township -- Meadowbrook
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, a copy of the garden plan, and three photos of the original Charles Gale installation from ca. 1983 (two of the same view).
General:
Like its neighbor, Hidden Glen Farms (PA348), Hidden Glen features design work by landscape designer Charles Gale. Although a basic garden was in place at the time of Gale's 1983 design, he incorporated the vegetable garden into the overall site plan, while adding a side garden and improving planting around the foundation of the house. Folk art ornaments and sculptures of birds and animals accented the plant material. The garden is noted for its incorporation of colonial (eighteenth-century) design elements in a contemporary setting.
Persons associated with the property include: Charles Gale (landscape designer, 1982); G. Edwin Brumbaugh (architect, 1937, 1966, 1969); Owen B. Schmidt & Sons (landscape architects, 1968); and John Milner (architect, 1981 and 1989).
Related Materials:
Hidden Glen related holdings consist of 1 folder (24 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Meadowbrook  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA350
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16430

Ardmore -- Stout Garden

Former owner:
Stout, Frederick C., Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Architect:
Sellers, Horace  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Stout Garden (Ardmore, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery County -- Ardmore
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and copies of articles.
General:
"The place, consisting of about four acres, is on a sloping piece of ground ...On going through the house one comes out onto a broad paved terrace from which is revealed a view over the descending landscape. Just below the terrace one sees a small garden containing attractive large box bushes and a small pool. This garden is reached by two small flights of steps which split around a small wall fountain, which in turn supplies the pool in the center of the garden...The boundaries of the property are so well screened that the whole place has much privacy and great unity...The most striking thing, horticulturally...is the great amount of broad-leaved evergreens..." (Sears 1929)
Thomas W. Sears was LA for tennis court, pool and upper garden.
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Mrs. Frederick C. Stout (former owner); Thomas W. Sears (landscape architect); and Horace Sellers (architect).
Related Materials:
Stout Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (3 35 mm. slides and 8 photoprints)
See others in:
J. Horace McFarland Collection, 1900-1961
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Ardmore  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA037
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16437

Bensalem Township -- Andalusia

Former owner:
Craig, John  Search this
Biddle, Nicholas, Mrs., 1786-1844  Search this
Biddle, Charles J. (Charles John), 1819-1873  Search this
Architect:
Latrobe, Benjamin Henry, 1764-1820  Search this
Walter, Thomas Ustick, 1804-1887  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Andalusia (Andalusia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Bucks County -- Bensalem Township -- Andalusia
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet; brief descriptions; and web pages from www.philadelphiabuildings.org.
General:
Andalusia is a National Historic Landmark. The main portion of Andalusia was built in 1794-1795 by John Craig as a summer residence for his wife and daughter. The latter became Mrs. Nicholas Biddle. In 1833, the "Big House" was built with Grecian porticoes--the porticoes being an exact copy of the Greek temple of Neptune at Paestum in Italy. The garden was famous for its grapes grown in forcing houses designed by Thomas U. Walter. The Biddle family harvested grapes from the hothouses until the 1870's. The estate also became known as an experimental farm. The first Guernsey cattle were brought to Andalusia. A 20th century feature of the grounds is the Green Walk with ornamental dwarf evergreens. According to the "List of Gardens of the Members of the Garden Club of America," 1921, Andalusia was typed as an old-fashioned walled garden with specialties being wisteria and white hawthorn trees.
Persons associated with the garden include: John Craig (former owner, 1794-1811); Mrs. Nicholas Biddle (Jane Craig) (former owner, 1814); Charles J. Biddle (former owner); Benjamin Latrobe (architect, 1800); and Thomas U. Walter (architect of Greek Revival additions and Gothic "ruin," 1811).
Related Materials:
Andalusia related holdings consist of 1 folder (5 glass lantern slides and 4 35 mm. slides)
Architectural plans located at John M. Dickey Collection, Athenaeum of Philadelphia.
Registered by HABS (Historic American Building Survey): PA-1248-B.
Additional images located at Mellor, Meigs & Howe Collection, Athenaeum of Philadelphia.
See others in:
J. Horace McFarland Collection, 1900-1961.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Andalusia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA007
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16439

Fort Washington -- The Highlands

Former owner:
Roosevelt, Nicholas Guy Mr Mrs, 1883?-1965  Search this
Architect:
Eyre, Wilson, 1858-1944  Search this
Landscape architect:
Eyre, Wilson, 1858-1944  Search this
Creator:
Highlands Historical Society  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Highlands (Fort Washington, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery County -- Fort Washington
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet, narrative history, copies of articles, Garden Club of America correspondence, and copy of "The Highlands Preservation Master Plan" by George E. Patton (December 1977).
General:
The Highlands lies on the old Skippack Pike in the White Marsh Valley. The English-style stone house was built by Anthony Morris in 1796. The Sheaff's developed the garden with two stone walls--one being crenelated. During Caroline S. Sinkler's ownership after 1915, the garden was renovated closely following the original existing features. Along both walls, there used to be lean-to greenhouses. These were removed by Sinkler and used to create a new wall. The plan of the garden had two axes that formed four separate gardens, one of them a parterre with a large sundial. Small pools, Italian sculptures, and garden ornaments were placed in the garden during Sinkler's time. Decay of the garden began after the death of Mrs. Roosevelt, when the property was bequeathed to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Anthony Morris (former owner, 1796); George Sheaff (former owner); John Sheaff (former owner, ?-1915); Caroline Sinkler (former owner, 1915-); Nicholas G. and Emily Roosevelt (former owners, ?-1970); Archie Coutts (gardener); Wilson A. Eyre (landscape architect, 1917); George Saylor (gardener); Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (owners, 1970); and Highlands Historical Society.
Related Materials:
The Highlands related holdings consist of 1 folder (5 glass lantern slides and 7 35 mm. slides)
See others in:
The Highlands, ca. 1930.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Fort Washington  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA008
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16467

Haverford -- Thomas Country Garden

Former owner:
Thayer, Russell  Search this
Thayer, Shelby  Search this
MacCoy, Margureite Wood  Search this
Architect:
Durham, Walter K. (Walter Kremer), 1896-1978  Search this
Landscape architect:
DeVuono, Julie Wood  Search this
Landscape designer:
Wood, Sally  Search this
Provenance:
The Garden Club of Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Thomas Country Garden (Haverford, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery -- Haverford
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General:
Built in 1950 by Philadelphia architect Walter K. Durham the cottage style stucco house with dormer windows and multiple roof lines blends in very well with the romantic, profusely flowering and fragrant garden rooms created by the current owners beginning in 1987. Large window pane trellises on the house support climbing hydrangea, schizopraghma, clematis and roses. White picket fences, stone walls and arbors on the slightly more than one acre property are loaded with more roses, with more than one type of vine that will bloom in succession climbing up or over some of the supports. Perennials, especially those that bloom more than once and those with variegated leaves that add light to the garden are planted strategically to disguise any spent foliage or sparse vines. There is no spraying in this garden, and the rose varieties that are grown including hybrid musk and old-fashioned thrive where hybrid tea rose varieties would not. The eight garden rooms are planted primarily with shrubs and also perennials, spring bulbs and ornamental grasses. Mature trees from the earlier 19th century estate, Cheswold, still grow around the perimeter.
Other than the trees there were no surviving gardens so the current owners started with a blank slate that had some hidden surprises: ruins from the earlier mansion that on occasion interfered with their plants. The stone walls on the property re-used these buried materials salvaged from underground. The secluded entrance terrace was the first garden room that was designed on the steep slope that descends to the house. The back terrace needed to be stabilized and slips of hydrangea petiolaris planted along the walls have grown into a living wall. As the property continues to slope downward grass and stone steps to the flatland were added, which led to creating another garden room at the rear of the property, with a trellis for climbing vines and a bench for sitting and looking up at the house, tall trees and sky. A swimming pool was built on the previous service area off to one side and surrounded by upper and lower gardens with tulips, roses, clematis, hydrangeas, grasses, perennials, evergreens, dawn redwoods and katsuras. Various hedges have been planted and re-planted either because they grew too tall or succumbed to weather. Currently there are hedges of holly, lilac, Annabelle hydrangea and germander.
Persons associated with the garden include: Russell and Shelby Thayer (former owners, 1950-1956); Marguerite Wood MacCoy (former owner, 1956-1985); Walter K. Durham (1896-1978) (architect, 1950); Sally Ann Wood (ASLD)(landscape designer, 1987, 1990); Julie Wood DeVuono (ASLD) (landscape architect, 2007).
Related Materials:
Thomas Country Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (41 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Haverford  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA755
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16475

King of Prussia -- Longview Hill

Garden designer:
Schumacher, Elizabeth  Search this
Schumacher, H. Ralph  Search this
Landscape designer:
Eadie, Gordon  Search this
Horticulturist:
Marzocco, Sharon  Search this
Nemec, Dale  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olejnik, Barbara J. CLA  Search this
Arborist:
John B. Ward and Company  Search this
Provenance:
Four Counties Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Longview Hill (King of Prussia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery -- King of Prussia
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and additional information.
General:
A contemporary split-level house backed by a steep slope that washed into the house when it rained compelled the owners to erect walls and start planting a garden to hold the soil in place on their one-acre property. After nearly fifty years of gardening, there are four terraces with specimen trees, collections of flowering shrubs including rhododendrons and hydrangeas, seasonal color from bulbs and annuals, and distinctive ornaments and sculptures. In front of the house there are river birches at the curb, a Japanese maple at the front door, and banks and hedges of shrubs, perennials and evergreen ground cover plants. There is a stepping stone path to the patio in back of the house where there is terraced plateau with stone walls for seasonal plantings. An enormous katsura shades the patio and the two-story glass addition that provides year-round viewing of the hillside garden. On this first level there are redbuds and crepe myrtles, and sculptures and ornaments that were collected during travels.
A formal privet hedge divides the first and second levels and continues along the stone steps that lead from the first to the third terrace. The second level has a woodlands garden with azaleas, rhododendrons, and a small wooden shrine at one end of the lawn while at the other end a purple painted jungle gym formerly used by children and grandchildren now supports honeysuckle. Flagstone steps lead to a hidden stroll garden planted with dwarf evergreens, dwarf clumping bamboo, spruce and pines. A small stone pagoda and two antique statues of Chinese philosophers are in this private garden room. Further up the steps the third level opens to the broadest area of lawn on the property. A small pool has goldfish, a waterfall and water garden; all are shaded by three false camellias. Other trees include purple-leaf plum, Japanese maples and a stately umbrella pine. There is a Japanese style teahouse with a moon window at one end of the lawn and a hammock in the trees at the other end.
The highest terrace, not visible from below, is reached via wooden steps and a path lined with hakone grass, hostas and rhododendrons. A stone wall leads to an arbor made from birdhouses over a blue painted bench that conceals a compost pile. A mossy flagstone path bordered by a perennial garden that includes a specimen rhododendron and azalea leads to a large bronze sculpture of a woman, "Allegra" by Barbara Chen. Down two flights of steps there is a new rock garden with unusual dwarf plants shaded by a false cypress, still a work in progress.
Persons associated with the garden include Elizabeth Schumacher and H. Ralph Schumacher, M.D. (owners, 1967- ); Mary and Tom McDonnell (former owners, 1960-1967); Gordon Eadie (garden designer, 1970-present); John B. Ward and Co. (arborist, 1975- ); Sharon Marzocco (horticulturist, 1997- ); Dale Nemec (horticulturist, 1994-present); Barbara Olejnik (landscape architect, 2000- ); Thomas Jackson (gardener, 1986-1993); Joseph Bilko (stonemason, 2004-2011); Lynn Fillman (garden lighting, 2005- ); John Sedor (gardener, 2013- ).
Related Materials:
Longview Hill related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35mm slides (photographs); 17 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- King of Prussia.  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA816
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16481
Online Media:

Lafayette Hill -- Erdenheim Farm

Former owner:
Penn, William  Search this
Architect:
Trumbauer, Horace  Search this
Garden designer:
Schneider, Nina  Search this
Gale, Charles H.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Gréber, Jacques  Search this
Weaner, Larry  Search this
Craftsman:
Yellin, Samuel  Search this
Provenance:
Wissahickon Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Erdenheim Farm (Lafayette Hill, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery -- Lafayette Hill
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and other information.
General:
The original tract containing Erdenheim Farm has a long history of ownership dating back to William Penn, the founder of the Pennsylvania colony, but the landscape design and architecture of the house and outbuildings date back to circa 1916-1971 when the property was owned by George D. Widener, Jr. In 2011 and 2012 the current owners restored sunken formal gardens and stone walls designed by Percival Gallagher, lead designer for Olmsted Brothers, with new plantings of iris, herbs and peonies, removing two rows of conifers that obscured the cascade (designed by Jacques Greber) leading from the greenhouse (designed by architect Horace Trumbauer). Gallagher (1874-1934) also designed the roadway system within the farm, the grass tennis court, a woodland walk and original plantings around the main house. Trumbauer (1868-1938) also updated and enlarged the original farmhouse in the Colonial revival style, working from 1916-1932, and designed the main entrance gate, outbuildings including workmen's cottages, three barns and a riding stable and a five arch stone bridge similar to those on English country estates.
Alongside the house there is a new bluestone terrace with cutouts for magnolia trees and a small fountain with planted metal containers. The gardens at the main house were redesigned in 2011 and 2012 and axial views to outlying gardens were reinforced. Ornamental gates designed by Samuel Yellin in the 1920s were attached to new iron fences that surround the house gardens. The current owners restored buildings, landscape and hardscape following the original designs, as stewards of an historical property, and made changes that enhance the sustainability of a working produce and livestock farm. Wildflower meadows were planted with grasses, sedges, rushes, lobelia, rudbeckia, asters and solidago in 2009 to provide habitat for birds and wild life and to reduce erosion into Wissahickon Creek, which traverses the property. An orchard with apple, apricot, peach, pear and plum trees also was planted in 2009. The Trumbauer-designed greenhouse and cold frames now grow micro greens, camellias and orchids. A three-acre organic vegetable garden and berry patch has been added near the Trumbauer sheep barn where produce is offered for sale in season. Livestock raised at Erdenheim Farm include cheviot sheep, Black Angus, belted Galloway and Scottish highland cattle.
Erdenheim means earthly home in German, the property was named by former owner Johannes George Hocker in the 18th century. The original substantial acreage has been reduced in size with much of it is being conserved by the Natural Lands Trust and the Whitemarsh Foundation. Also easements have been granted for public trails that are part of the Montgomery County Green Ribbon trail and the Whitemarsh township trail system.
William Penn (former owner, 1683); Jasper Farmer Jr. and members of the Farmer family (former owners, 1683-1745); Peter Robeson and Jonathan Robeson (former owners, 1745-1755); William Streper, Nathan Sheppard, Anthony Williams, Sr., Isaac Williams (former owners, 1755-1760s); Johannes George Hocker (former owner, 1763-1823); Caspar Schlater (former owner, 1823); Major General Henry Scheetz and family (former owners, 1823-1842); William W. Longstreth (former owner, 1842-1849); Dr. James McCrea (former owner, 1849-1855); Atherton Blight (former owner, 1855-1862); Aristedes Welch (former owner, 1862-1882); Norman W. Kittson and Louis Kittson (former owners, 1882-1896); Robert N. Carson (former owner, 1896-1916); George D. Widener, Jr. (former owner, 1916-1971); Fitz Eugene Dixon, Jr. and Edith Dixon (former owners, 1971-2009); Horace Trumbauer (architect, 1917-1932); Percival Gallagher of Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects, 1924-1931); Jacques Henri Auguste Greber (landscape architect, 1918); Samuel Yellin (1885-1940) (ornamental ironwork designer, 1920s); Charles Gale (garden designer, 1972-1973); Larry Weaner (landscape designer, 2009-2010); Christina Reeves (landscape architect, 2011); Nina Schneider (garden designer, 2012- ); Glenn Keys (architect, 2009-2010).
Related Materials:
Erdenheim Farm related holdings consist of 2 folders (4 35mm slides; 40 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Lafayette Hill  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA390
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16482

Lower Merion Township -- Llanengan

Landscape architect:
Roberts, H. Radcliff  Search this
Medary, Milton B.  Search this
Former owner:
Roberts, G. Brinton Mrs  Search this
Architect:
Medary, Milton B.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Llanengan (Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery County -- Lower Merion Township -- Bala Cynwyd
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and copies of articles.
General:
The house, built in 1900 was Tudor in style. A long grass path led to a sunken garden with a fountain, which was copied from the Piazza Farnese in Rome. The house was demolished and the property was developed ca. 1950.
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Milton B. Medary (architect and landscape architect, 1900); H. Radlciffe Roberts (landscape architect); G. Brinton Roberts (former owner, 1900-1946); Penn Park Apartments (former owner, 1946-ca. 1950); and Germantown Savings Bank (ca. 1950-present).
Related Materials:
Llanengan related holdings consist of 2 folders (6 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Bala Cynwyd  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA035
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16486

Newtown -- Indian Council Rock

Former owner:
Tyler, George F. Mr Mrs  Search this
Architect:
Willing, Sims & Talbutt  Search this
Landscape architect:
Willing, Sims & Talbutt  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Indian Council Rock (Newtown, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Bucks County -- Newtown
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and brief descriptions.
Former Title:
Tyler Hall

Tyler Mansion
General:
The garden is situated on a bluff overhanging the Neshaminy River. The garden, at the end of the house, exists in three levels. One walk of orange trees leads to an orangerie. The main garden contains hedges, fountains, and tubbed oleanders from Holland. The lower level includes a bathhouse and pool. The property was added to the National Register in 1987.
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. George F. Tyler (former owners); and Willing, Sims & Talbutt (architect and landscape architect).
Related Materials:
Indian Council Rock related holdings consist of 1 folder (2 35 mm. slides)
Additional information located at Willing, Sims & Talbutt Collection, Athenaeum of Philadelphia.
Additional information located at Charles Willing Collection, Architectural Archives of the University of Pennsylvania.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Newtown  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA013
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16490

Paoli -- Valley Mill Farm

Former owner:
Haughton, Richard  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Valley Mill Farm (Paoli, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Chester County -- Paoli
Scope and Contents:
The folders include work sheets and copies of articles.
General:
"Behind the house, which was built in 1738, the hillside slopes sharply to a broad meadow, through which runs the mill-stream. The rock garden, which has been entirely edevoped by the owner, covers this hillside and is of outstanding horticultural interest...The paths skilfully follow the natural contours and the gardens terminte in woods...Below the house is the stone grist mill...Meal for General Washington's Army at Valley Forge was ground here." (The Garden Club of America Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting, 1938)
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Thomas Jerman (former owner of mill, 1710); R. B. Okie (architect); and Richard Haughton (former owner).
Related Materials:
Valley Mill Farm related holdings consist of 2 folders (2 35 mm. slide and 9 photoprints)
See others in:
J. Horace McFarland Collection, 1900-1961.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Paoli  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA055
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16494

Philadelphia -- Bartram's Garden

Former owner:
Bartram, John  Search this
Eastwick, Andrew  Search this
Gardener:
Meehan, Thomas  Search this
Architect:
Sloan, Samuel  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet; brochures; biographical sketch of John Bartram; newspaper, journal, and magazine articles; and Bartram Broadside (Winter 1994-1995).
General:
The Bartram gardens were the first real botanic gardens developed in America. In 1728, John Bartram bought land at Gray's Ferry for a botanical garden. The borders are laid out in squares and rectangles, but not in a formal manner. Andrew M. Eastwick purchased the property in 1850 in order to protect the site from destruction from industrial sprawl. After Andrew Eastwick's death, the garden was neglected until Thomas Meehan, Eastwick's gardener, persuaded the City of Philadelphia to buy the site for a park in 1891. In 1893, John Bartram's descendants formed an Association to preserve the garden. Historic buildings on the property include a house, stable, sheds, barn, icehouse, seed house, and stone cider mill. A restoration project began in 1981. In 1982-1988, an adjacent industrial tract was reclaimed to function as a 15-acre meadow. Highlights of the garden include a vegetable garden, River's Edge Trail, Bartram oak, and flower gardens. The garden is open to the public.
Persons associated with the garden include: John Bartram (former owner, 1727); Bartram descendants (former owners, ?-1850); Andrew Eastwick (former owner, 1850-1891); Thomas Meehan (gardener, ca. 1850s); Samuel Sloan (architect of barn, which burned in 1896); John Bartram Association (administration, 1893-present); Fairmount Park Commission (administration); and City of Philadelphia (owner, 1891-present).
Related Materials:
Bartram's Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (2 glass lantern slides, 2 35 mm. slides, and 1 photoprint)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16497

Philadelphia -- Boxly

Former owner:
Penn, William  Search this
Pastorius, Francis Daniel  Search this
Du Barry, Joseph  Search this
Sheridan, Owen  Search this
Taylor, Frederick Winslow, 1856-1915  Search this
Taylor, Frederick Winslow, Mrs.  Search this
Peck, Frederick W. G.  Search this
Peck, Frederick W. G. Mrs.  Search this
Architect:
Fielding, Mantle, 1865-1941  Search this
Landscape architect:
Gallagher, Percival  Search this
Peck, Frederick W. G.  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Civil engineer:
Vandu Zee, Harold (civil engineer)  Search this
Gardener:
Bender, Robert  Search this
Provenance:
The Garden Club of Philadelphia  Search this
The Garden Club of Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Boxly (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, photocopies of newspaper and other printed references about the garden, and photocopies of photographs of the garden when it was owned by Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Winslow Taylor (before 1951).
General:
"Boxly" was originally established by Joseph Du Barry (a friend of Joseph Bonaparte) as "Mulberry Farm." The property was the center of an unsuccessful silk industry in the early 19th century. It was later purchased by the famous efficiency engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor, who built the first undulating putting green (for golf) in America at the property. He renamed it "Boxly" because of its then 100-year-old boxwood bushes. The property was redesigned in the 1950s and 1960s.
Persons associated with the property include: William Penn (former owner, 1681-1683); Francis Daniel Pastorius (former owner, 1683-?); Joseph Du Barry (former owner, 1803-?); Owen Sheridan (former owner, 1833-?); Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Winslow Taylor (former owners, 1901-1951); Mr. and Mrs. Frederick W. G. Peck (former owners and landscape architect, 1951-1998); Mantle Fielding (architect, 1901-1905); the Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects, 1901-1910); Percival Gallagher (landscape architect, 1901-1910); Harold Vandu Zee (civil engineer, 1901-1915); and Robert Bender (gardener, 1902-?).
Related Materials:
Boxly related holdings consist of 3 folders (4 glass lantern slides; 63 35 mm. slides; 17 photonegatives)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 00168, F. W. Taylor (Clark, J.S.).
See others in:
Maida Babson Adams American Garden Collection, ca. 1960-1994.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA009
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16501

Philadelphia -- Laverock Hill

Creator:
Starr, Isaac Tatnall Mr Mrs  Search this
Architect:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Landscape architect:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Laverock Hill (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia -- Chestnut Hill
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and brief descriptions.
General:
The garden, 100' by 180' is placed on one side of the house and is enclosed by a brick wall with balustrading occurring at intervals. The plan of the garden is cruciform, two axes marked by turf strips crossing in the center at a round pool. The four sections are square beds. A broad turf path extends across the garden to a covered pavilion.
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Tatnall Starr (former owners); Charles Adams Platt (architect and landscape architect); and Ellen Shipman (landscape architect).
Related Materials:
Laverock Hill related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA017
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16503

Philadelphia -- Ropsley

Former owner:
Poe, Edgar Allen Mrs  Search this
McIllhenny, Francis S.  Search this
Architect:
Mellor, Meigs & Howe  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Ropsley (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and copies of articles.

There are two 35 mm. slides in the collection which are not catalogued. One is taken from a page in a journal or book and mentions the Garden Club of America's 25th anniversary. The other is also taken from a book; and is the plans by Mellor, Meigs & Howe.
General:
This garden is believed to have been subdivided from the Wyndmoor property. The McIlhenney's named Ropsley after a small village in England. The Norman-French style house was built in 1917. The garden was developed gradually. Serpentine walls, greenhouse, boxwood and pleached plane trees, and swimming pool were all added at different times.
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Francis S. McIlhenny (former owners); Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Allen Poe (former owners, ca. 1932-1970); Arthur Meigs of Mellor, Meigs & Howe (architect, ca. 1918); and Mrs. Francis S. McIlhenny (garden designer).
Related Materials:
Ropsley related holdings consist of 1 folder (8 35 mm. slides)
Additional materials located in [McIlhenny, Francis S. Esq.] Mellor, Meigs & Howe Collection, Athenaeum of Philadelphia.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA018
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16504

Philadelphia -- Jenks Garden (Jenks-Carrie Garden)

Provenance:
Wissahickon Garden Club  Search this
Former owner:
Jenks, John Story, Mrs., Jr.  Search this
Jenks, John Story, Jr.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Architect:
Zantzinger, Borie & Medary  Search this
Zantzinger, C. C.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Marzocco, Sharon  Search this
Smith, Martin  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Jenks-Carrie Garden (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny -- Pittsburgh
Scope and Contents:
This file contains 1 35mm slide (reproduction), 61 digital images and 2 folders.
General:
This 2.56 acre garden, established in 1912, was designed by the Olmsted Brothers for John Storey Jenks Jr. Jenks hired a leading Philadelphia firm of Zantzinger, Borie, and Medary, Architects, to design and build the Colonial Revival house during the years of 1908 and 1912. The overall property design is open, naturalistic, and blends into the edge of the Wissahickon Park and the watershed of the Wissahickon Creek. The garden is bordered on three sides by streets. One of the long borders is a monumental historic stone wall made of Wissahickon schist, a natural stone from the Wissahickon Valley.
The house is partially screened from the street by a large bed of rhododendrons, azaleas, evergreens, magnolias, mountain laurels, etc. As you enter the property, one sees a possibly 100 year old Cercidiphyllum japonica tree. The driveway curves into a circular approach to the house with the interior of the circle heavily planted with rhododendrons, mountain laurels, and two cedar trees. There is a diagonal grass path through the circle. To the west of the driveway is a grassy open space that gradually slopes to a flatter section which has a historic staircase with an ornamental cast iron gate serving as street entrance. This open space has deep borders of rhododendrons, azaleas, dogwoods, red buds, magnolias including a cucumber magnolia and a young Chesnut tree. There is a historic 1913 Olmsted designed rock garden positioned in the north corner of the garden. At the northeast corner of the property, there is another historic flight of steps from the street into the garden with an ornate historic ornamental iron gate. There is an exterior planted bed adjacent to this staircase entrance. In the northern section of the garden, a new open space serves as a bee apiary.
The property features a classical long formal garden with 10' foot perennial beds, framed by Arborvitae 'Emerald Green' on both sides of a grass parterre. The focal point of the main garden axis from the bluestone terrace is a grouping of free standing, historic walls. Adjacent to the formal garden, a covered outdoor swimming pool was built in the 1970's. On the east side of the formal garden are two enclosed vegetable gardens. The gardens are outlined in concrete walls covered with espaliered apple and pear trees. As one walks from the vegetable gardens, one enters the service area. Zantzinger, Borie, and Medary designed a series of connected out buildings in 1912. A dovecote sits on top of a potting shed and holds up a delightful hexagonal plan cupola with a weathervane. During the 1970's, the northwest part of the house was extended to add a one story garden room. A shallow terrace is located at the front of this garden room and has a staircase down into the garden. The recent owner added a new crescent shaped dwarf evergreen bed with two levels just below the formal garden. There is a small flight of stone steps to the flat grass area on top of the evergreen bed.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. And Mrs. John S. Jenks Jr. (former owners, 1908-1947); Mr. And Mrs. Morton Jenks (former owners, 1947-1956/1966-1984); Mr. And Mrs. Fitz Eugene Dixon, Jr. (former owners, 1956-1966); John Story Jenks and Charon H. Jenks (former owners, 1984-1996); Olmsted Brothers (landscape architects, 1908-1912); Zantzinger, Borie, Medary (architects, 1908-1912); Martin Smith (landscape designer, 1996); Sharon Marzocco (landscape designer 1996).
Varying form: Jenks-Carrie Garden
Related Materials:
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03479, John Story Jenks Jr.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA020
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16506

Philadelphia -- Platt Garden

Former owner:
Platt, Charles Mrs  Search this
Architect:
Willing, Sims & Talbutt  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Platt Garden (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and copies of articles.
General:
Established in 1923, this garden is les than an acre. A feeling of space is achieved through raised flowerbeds and an allee of Magnolia glauca. Potted plants accent the pool, terrace and walks. The vegetable garden and cutting garden are located along the northwest edge of the property and are separated from the lawn by a clipped privet hedge.
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Mrs. Charles Platt, III. (former owner and garden designer); Willing, Sims & Talbutt (architect, 1923)
Related Materials:
Platt Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (5 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA022
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16507

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