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Points, various types, mostly quartzite

Donor Name:
Mrs. Mary H. Schoolcraft  Search this
Culture:
Prehistoric  Search this
Object Type:
Point
Place:
District Of Columbia, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1868
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Accession Number:
001232
USNM Number:
A6111-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/387fa36db-0165-45e7-8f4d-e479318423a7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8306220
Online Media:

Going Home 12: Native Community and Agency Perspectives - Donald Simonis

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Symposia
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-11-21T20:18:28.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_R90pg0v3hrw

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Southwest United States

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Container:
Box 28
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1949
Scope and Contents:
Includes a student paper by Mary Chandler titled "The Archaeological Development of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico," notes by Strong on Utah, Strong's(?) notes on "Southwestern Archaeology," a paper by C.W. Weiant on "Observations on Texas Archaeology," Chaco conference notes (1939), a manuscript by Carling Malouf entitled "Pueblo Political Organization" (1947), a student paper by Joan Howson entitled "History in the Zuni Valley" (1939), an outline for a course on Indians of the greater Southwest, a student paper by Marjorie Lismer on "Evidences of Pueblo-like Cultures on the Eastern Periphery" (1939), and a photograph of petroglyphs.
Collection Restrictions:
The William Duncan Strong papers are open for research.

Access to the William Duncan Strong papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William Duncan Strong papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William Duncan Strong papers
William Duncan Strong papers / Series 4: Miscellaneous research notes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3425455e6-99d1-4c61-80b0-7816123a42ab
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1974-28-ref436

Archaeology reports and related material collection

Extent:
111.5 Linear feet
Note:
The collection is stored off-site. Advanced notice is required to view the collection.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970 - circa 1990
Scope and Contents:
With the passage of federal environmental and cultural heritage legislation during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, archaeological investigations were required before federal land could be disturbed for construction projects. Reports of these investigations, often conducted by archaeological contactors, were generally published in processed rather than printed form. The multiliths, electrostats, dittographs, and so forth are referred to as "grey literature." Access to them is sometimes difficult because many libraries decline to collect them.

Included are reports on archaeological work in Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Canada (Alberta), Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennesee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virgin Islands, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Provenance:
The collection was formed largely from four sources: (1) Smithsonian curators, who received contract archaeology reports and passed them on to the NAA; (2) the NAA, which was on the mailing list of some contractors; (3) the Smithsonian Anthropology Library, which turned over its collection to the archives; (4) the National Park Service archaeology program in Washington, D.C., which also placed its collection in the NAA
Restrictions:
The Archaeology reports and related material collection is open for research.

Access to the Archaeology reports and related material collection requires and appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Archaeology reports and related material collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1976-028
See more items in:
Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw337cd7520-8e00-43e8-9ceb-7569cbcd64a5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1976-028

A Prehistoric and Historic Cultural Resources Overview of the Rocky Mountain Pipeline Project Area

Creator:
Weaver, Jr., Donald E.  Search this
Swarthout, Jeanne K.  Search this
Gualtieri, Clara A.  Search this
Hartman, Dana  Search this
Halbirt, Carl D.  Search this
Stebbins, Sara  Search this
Dobbs, Debra  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (x + 9 chapters + references)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Nevada -- Antiquities
Idaho -- Antiquities
Utah -- Antiquities
California -- Antiquities
Rocky Mountain Pipeline Project Area -- Eastern Great Basin -- Idaho -- Archeology
Rocky Mountain Pipeline Project Area -- Eastern Great Basin -- Utah -- Archeology
Rocky Mountain Pipeline Project Area -- Central Great Basin -- Nevada -- Archeology
Rocky Mountain Pipeline Project Area -- Mojave Desert -- California -- Archeology
Date:
March 12, 1981
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Printed material
Citation:
Cite as for book.
See more items in:
Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a53048b6-9846-4624-8297-be123f8da7a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1092

Remote Sensing in Cultural Resource Management: The San Juan Basin Project

Creator:
Drager, Dwight L.  Search this
Lyons, Thomas R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (viii + 188)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
New Mexico -- Antiquities
Colorado -- Antiquities
Utah -- Antiquities
Arizona -- Antiquities
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- San Juan County (N.M.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- Rio Arriba County (N.M.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- Sandoval County (N.M.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- McKinley County (N.M.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- Valencia County (N.M.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- Bernalillo County (N.M.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- Archuleta County (Colo.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- Montezuma County (Colo.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- La Plata County (Colo.) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- San Juan County (Utah) -- Archeology
San Juan Basin (N.M. and Colo.) -- Apache County (Az.) -- Archeology
Date:
1983
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b9c2a949-1a53-4b23-9642-1ad64921fa51
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1141

The Structural Stabilization of Four Prehistoric Ruins in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Report of the Year 1 Field Season 1983-1984

Creator:
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Eininger, Susan  Search this
Gaunt, Joan K.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (xi + 142 + appendices and maps)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Defiance House (42SA598) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Rappel Ruin (42SA683) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Three Roof Ruin (42KA207) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Iceberg Granary (42SA378) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
March 1985
Restrictions:
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cffce27f-c273-4da2-b73d-14fb0c225acd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1516

The Structural Stabilization of Seven Prehistoric Ruins in Canyonlands National Park and Natural Bridges National Monument

Creator:
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Eininger, Susan  Search this
Gaunt, Joan K.  Search this
Extent:
2 Volumes (Volume 1 xvii + 369; Volume 2-38 pages)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Paul Bunyan's Potty (42SA1374) (Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Tower Ruin (42SA1470) (Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Whitewash Ruin (42SA1491) (Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Lightening House Ruin (42SA6967) (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Horsecollar Ruin (42SA6810/6819) (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Kachina Bridge Ruin (42SA6801) (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
April 1985
Scope and Contents:
Volume 1 consists of main report; Volume 2 consists of appendices A-D
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d839053f-97a5-47bc-9f0e-3593a12614d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1517

Ruins Stabilization Activities in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Report of the Year 2 Field Season 1984-1985

Creator:
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Chandler, Susan M.  Search this
Contributor:
Eininger, Susan  Search this
Gaunt, Joan K.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (xiii + 253 + appendices)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Polaroid Site (42SA7338) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Widow's Ledge Ruin (42SA633) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Cow Canyon (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
The Penthouse (42SA624) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Angry Ridge Ruin (42SA5485) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
January 1986
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c284945e-0b92-4b2d-a099-1651300e9e2b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1518

Ruins Stabilization Activities in Canyonlands National Park and Natural Bridges National Monument Report of the Year 2 Field Season 1984-1985

Creator:
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Chandler, Susan M.  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Contributor:
Eininger, Susan  Search this
Firor, James  Search this
Gaunt, Joan K.  Search this
McVickar, Janet L.  Search this
Extent:
2 Volumes (Volume 1 xviii + 290; Volume 2-36 pages + maps)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Bighorn Sheep Ruin (42SA1563) (Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Big Ruin (42SA1586) (Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Bare Ladder Ruin (42SA6965) (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Sipapu Bridge Trail Ruin (42SA16751) (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1986
Scope and Contents:
Volume 1 consists of main report; Volume 2 consists of appendices
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
Collection Rights:
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3743a07d5-256f-48d2-9fb3-f25331d54f34
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1519

The Structural Stabilization of Eight Sites in the Upper Reaches of Cow Canyon, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Southeastern Utah Report of the Year 3 Field Season, 1985

Creator:
Eininger, Susan  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (vi + 74 + appendices)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Cow Canyon (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1987
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3438cc64d-6124-432c-908e-7ebf2ed3abb3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1520

The Structural Stabilization of The Penthouse (42SA624) and Angry Ridge Ruin (42SA5485), Glen Canyon National Recreation Area: Report of the Year 2 and Year 3 Work, 1984-1985

Creator:
Gaunt, Joan K.  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (v + 43)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
The Penthouse (42SA624) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Angry Ridge Ruin (42SA5485) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1987
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
Collection Rights:
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
Cite as for book.
See more items in:
Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw359c0769f-b2ed-4bcb-a85d-c43918ec80f1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1521

Stabilization Monitoring: A Review of Year 1 and Year 2 Work at Glen Canyon National Recreation Area

Creator:
Firor, James  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (v + 42)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Iceberg Granary (42SA378) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Rappel Ruin (42SA683) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Three Roof Ruin (42KA207) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Defiance House (42SA598) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Polaroid Site (42SA7338) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Widow's Ledge (42SA633) Navajo Canyon Shelter (AZ C-3-8) (Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1986
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archaeology reports and related material collection
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Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3071fbee0-4ebc-42f2-93bb-0aa62681a598
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1522

The Structural Stabilization of Big Ruin/42SA1586 Canyonlands National Park: Report of the Year 3 Field Season, 1986

Creator:
Firor, James  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (iv + 35 + maps)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Big Ruin (42SA1586) (Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1986
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
Collection Rights:
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b005959e-4c2a-40a5-ab43-81bd0d23d122
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1523

Ruins Stabilization Activities at Four Sites in Natural Bridges National Monument: Report of the Year 3 Field Season, 1986

Creator:
Eininger, Susan  Search this
Gaunt, Joan K.  Search this
Lamm, Nancy B.  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (v + 105 + appendices)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Perfect Granary (42SA6788) (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Defensive Wall (42SA6803) (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Site 42SA6804 (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Site 42SA6802 (Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1986
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
Collection Rights:
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32235d77e-ca04-48c4-9d87-a8ad7914fdc1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1524

Stabilization Monitoring Canyonlands National Park and Natural Bridges National Monument: A Review of the 1983-1985 Work

Creator:
Firor, James  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (v + 49)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Canyonlands National Park (Utah) -- Archeology
Natural Bridges National Monument (Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
November 1986
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30e4778c9-9a41-4933-8102-4bde9b6b0260
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1525

Ruins Stabilization at Five Sites in the Island-in-the-Sky District, Canyonlands National Park: Report of the Year 4 Field Season, 1986

Creator:
Gaunt, Joan K.  Search this
Eininger, Susan  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (vi + 102 + appendices)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Island-in-the-Sky District (Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1987
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
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Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cfdb5f63-49fb-43f5-9583-30a90135de99
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1526

Ruins Stabilization Activities at Seven Prehistoric Sites Along the Green and Colorado Rivers, Canyonlands National Park: Report of Year 4 Field Season, 1986

Creator:
Firor, James  Search this
Eininger, Susan  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (ix + 105 + appendices and maps)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Valentine Bottom Ruins (42WN724) (Green River, Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Turk's Head Ruins (42WN727) (Green River, Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Water Canyon Ruins (42WN4) (Green River, Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Doll House Granaries (42GA1057) (Colorado River, Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Indian Creek Ruins (42SA4977) (Colorado River, Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Lathrop Canyon Ruins (42SA4974) (Colorado River, Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Valentine Bottom (42WN720) (Canyonlands National Park, Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1987
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
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Genre/Form:
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Citation:
Cite as for book.
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Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3adeeebfb-35e3-47a6-b015-70d241b590ec
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1527

Stabilization Monitoring at Canyonlands National Park and Natural Bridges National Monument: A Review of the 1983-1986 Work

Creator:
Gaunt, Joan K.  Search this
Firor, James  Search this
Nickens, Paul R.  Search this
Metzger, Todd R.  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (iii + 53)
Type:
Archival materials
Volumes
Printed material
Place:
Utah -- Antiquities
Canyonlands National Park (Utah) -- Archeology
Natural Bridges National Monument (Utah) -- Archeology
Date:
1987
Restrictions:
Item in off site storage. Contact archives for information on availability.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Printed material
Citation:
Cite as for book.
See more items in:
Archaeology reports and related material collection
Archaeology reports and related material collection / Reports and related material
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b3d7c826-5277-4992-931d-d34d23539700
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-028-ref1528

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