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Anne Pearse-Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials

Photographer:
Pearse-Hocker, Anne  Search this
Names:
American Indian Movement  Search this
Aquash, Anna Mae, 1945-1976  Search this
Banks, Dennis  Search this
Bellecourt, Clyde H. (Clyde Howard), 1936-  Search this
Bellecourt, Vernon  Search this
Black Elk, Wallace H.  Search this
Frizzell, Kent, 1929-  Search this
Means, Russell, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
54 contact sheets (black and white)
35 mm. (black and white, 8 x 10 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact sheets
Black-and-white negatives
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge (S.D.)
Wounded Knee (S.D.) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1973
Date:
1970-1973
Summary:
The majority of Pearse-Hocker's momentous negatives give eyewitness account to two weeks of both the mundane and brutal reality of daily life during the 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. The takeover of the town and the conflict between about 200 members of AIM (American Indian Movement, the Native American civil rights activist organization begun in the 1968) and the United States Marshals Service began on February 27 and lasted for 71 days, resulting in tragedy on both sides of the conflict. Members of AIM along with some local Oglala (Lakota) Sioux from the local reservation took over the town in protest against the United States Government's history of broken treaties with various Native groups, the poverty and maltreatment of Native populations, as well as in defiance against the corruption and paternalism within the local subsidiary of the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs). The siege finally came to an end on May 5 when members of AIM and the assistant attorney general for the Civil Division of the US Justice Department Harlington Wood Jr. settled on a ceasefire. Kent Frizzell served as Chief Government Negotiator in the capacity of Assistant Attorney General (Land and Natural Resources Division, U. S. Department of Justice) and later as Solicitor, U. S. Department of the Interior. Among those pictured both during and post-conflict are AIM activists Dennis Banks, Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt, Ted and Russell Means, Frank Clearwater, Wallace Black Elk and Anna Mae Pictou Aquash. A small number of negatives also document AIM's takeover of the BIA building and the AIM Powwow both in Minneapolis in 1970.
Arrangement note:
Negatives: organized in binders; arranged in sleeves by strip and image number, interspersed with relevant applicable contact sheets
Biographical/Historical note:
Anne Pearse-Hocker is a photojournalist who first encountered the American Indian Movement while a student on assignment for a journalism class at the University of Kansas. Her photographs document some very important moments in the early history of the American Indian Movement (AIM).

Pearse-Hocker was scheduled to interview the area director of the BIA in Minneapolis in the spring of 1970 as part of an Investigative Reporting class, and walked into the middle of an AIM occupation of the building, which she documented on film and with taped interviews. She stayed well past her spring break plans to use this opportunity to develop contacts with AIM leaders Clyde Bellecourt and Dennis Banks.

Her connections came in handy in 1973 during the occupation of Wounded Knee. Pearse-Hocker sneaked into the compound with a CBS news crew at night, and was allowed to remain due to her acquaintance with Banks, who remembered her from Minneapolis. She had strategically arrived the evening before the standoff was supposed to end, but when the settlement negotiations fell through, she remained in the compound for an additional few weeks, documenting the daily events including the firefight that claimed Frank Clearwater's life.

Pearse-Hocker returned to Wounded Knee in 1998 to revisit the site on the 25th anniversary of the occupation, and documented the experience for the journal 'Native Americas' (Spring 1998 issue) with new photographs of some of the survivors of the event.

After a career of news photography in broadcast journalism, she is retired and living in Montana.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the Archive Center to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: Anne Pearse-Hocker, 1973. Researchers must contact copyright holder for permissions, reproductions, and use.
Topic:
Teton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Contact sheets
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.028
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-028

The unquiet grave : the FBI and the struggle for the soul of Indian country / Steve Hendricks

Author:
Hendricks, Steve (Stephen Bain Bicknell)  Search this
Subject:
Aquash, Anna Mae 1945-1976  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation  Search this
Physical description:
490 p. : ill., map ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Dakota
Date:
2006
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_810931

The life and death of Anna Mae Aquash / Johanna Brand

Author:
Brand, Johanna 1946-  Search this
Subject:
Aquash, Anna Mae 1945-1976  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
172 p. : ill., map ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1993
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_729022

Who would unbraid her hair : the legend of Annie Mae / by Antoinette Nora Claypoole

Author:
Claypoole, Antoinette Nora  Search this
Subject:
Aquash, Anna Mae 1945-1976  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
293 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1999
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E93 .C53 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_781311

The life and death of Anna Mae Aquash / Johanna Brand

Author:
Brand, Johanna 1946-  Search this
Subject:
Aquash, Anna Mae 1945-1976  Search this
American Indian Movement  Search this
Physical description:
171 pages, [8] leaves of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographie
Date:
1978
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1034581

The real AIM of Ward Churchill : and the murder of Anna Mae Aquash / David Seals

Author:
Seals, David  Search this
Subject:
Aquash, Anna Mae 1945-1976  Search this
American Indian Movement History  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2010
[2010?]
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Call number:
E93 .S43 2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_947393

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