Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
196 documents - page 1 of 10

MS 7102 Record of physical anthropological measurements of Henry B. Collins

Creator:
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Connolly, Cornelius J. (Cornelius Joseph), 1883-1954  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
Summer, 1924
Scope and Contents:
On USNM form. Face mask of Collins made at same time now in division of physical anthropology.
Biographical / Historical:
Stewart says Hrdlicka held informal sessions to instruct those in taking measurements. This was one such session.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7102
Topic:
Anthropology, history of  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- anthropometry  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7102, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7102
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7102

Thomas Dale Stewart Papers

Creator:
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Names:
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History  Search this
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
McKern, T. W.  Search this
Extent:
65 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Alaska
Shanidar Cave (Iraq)
Virginia
Maryland
Delaware
Mexico
Peru
Guatemala
Chaco Canyon (N.M.) -- Archeology
Date:
1875-1991, bulk 1931-1991
bulk 1927-1991
Summary:
Thomas Dale Stewart was a physical and forensic anthropologist and worked at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History from 1931 until his death in 1997. He worked under Ales Hrdlicka until 1943, became the head curator in 1960, director of the museum in 1962, and retired in 1971. Stewart's research interests included physical and forensic anthropology and archaeology, mostly in North and South America. He also worked with the F.B.I. frequently to aid in homicide investigations, and worked extensively with the U.S. Army to identify skeletal remains from the Korean War in Operation Glory. The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers primarily deal with his life and career at the Smithsonian, particularly his research projects and publications between 1931 and 1991. Materials consist mainly of correspondence, photographic material, dossiers based on writings and research projects, and administrative files.
Scope and Contents:
The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers document his research and professional activities from 1931 to 1991 and primarily deal with his anthropological and archaeological research in North and South America. There is also significant material related to ancient human skeletal remains found in Egypt and the Middle East, Stewart's work identifying skeletal remains for the U.S. Army (Operation Glory), and the history of physical and forensic anthropology. Material documenting Stewart's work with Ales Hrdlicka and other colleagues are also represented in this collection. The collection consists of correspondence, writings and research files, project data, skeletal data punch cards, photographic and illustration materials, and administrative and financial papers.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 9 series: Series 1. Biographical and Background, 1937-1983; Series 2. Correspondence, 1931-1990; Series 3. Writings and Research, 1875, 1902-1990; Series 4. Operation Glory, 1954-1957; Series 5. Professional Organizations, 1930-1990; Series 6. Trip Files, 1945-1985; Series 7. Teaching and Lectures, 1950-1970; Series 8. Exhibit Material, 1961-1969; Series 9. Photographs, 1928-1979.
Biographical note:
Thomas Dale Stewart was a curator of physical anthropology at the Smithsonian specializing in anthropometry, early man, and forensic anthropology. He worked in the Department of Anthropology for over seventy years. Born in Delta, Pennsylvania in 1901, Stewart moved to Washington, D.C. to pursue a degree at George Washington University. While attending school, he also began working at the Smithsonian in 1924 as a temporary substitute for John Baer, a family friend from Delta. After Baer died during conducting research in Panama, Stewart was invited to stay on as assistant to Ales Hrdlicka, curator of physical anthropology. Hrdlicka was impressed by Stewart's abilities and quickly took him on as a student. Promised that he would succeed Hrdlicka one day if he obtained an M.D., Stewart enrolled at The Johns Hopkins University and graduated in 1931. After graduating, Stewart was rehired by the Smithsonian as an assistant curator.

Stewart rose through the ranks of the Department of Anthropology quickly, being promoted to associate curator in 1939 and curator in 1943 after the death of his mentor Hrdlicka. Stewart was appointed head curator of the department in 1960 and director of the Natural History Museum in 1962. He continued to work at the Smithsonian well after he retired in 1971, conducting research and producing a stream of publications well into his 90s. He died in 1997 at the age of 96. Many of Stewart's early research interests matched those of his mentor: a focus on dental caries, separate neural arch and spondylolisthesis, ossuary excavation, cranial deformations, and other examinations of archaeological remains throughout North America. While Hrdlicka was alive, Stewart provided support for many of his research projects and publications. After Hrdlicka died, Stewart expanded his interests to include forensic topics and analysis of other archaeological remains.

Anthropometry was prominent in a great deal of his work. He was the first to describe Tepexpan Man from Mexico and Midland Man from Texas. He also studied the remains of Neanderthal specimens that Ralph S. Solecki, of the Bureau of American Ethnology, had uncovered at Shanidar Cave in Iraq. In forensic work, as Hrdlicka's heir, Stewart assumed work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement officials. Moreover, Stewart devised new methods and published books and articles concerning forensic analysis, including his Essentials of Forensic Anthropology. In closely related work during 1954-1955, the United States Army engaged Stewart to go to Japan to examine skeletal remains repatriated after the Korean War in a project called "Operation Glory."

In terms of his areal specialization, Stewart was essentially an Americanist. In North America, he worked in Alaska with Henry B. Collins in 1927, and in subsequent years he excavated several ossuaries and other sites in the Washington, D.C., vicinity. These included a site on Potomac Creek in Virginia, Piscataway sites in Maryland, and the Townsend site in Delaware. He also carried out laboratory studies and prepared reports on skeletal remains uncovered by Smithsonian colleagues. In the 1940s and 1950s, Stewart conducted field work at archaeological sites in Mexico, Guatemala, and Peru.

He was awarded the Viking Medal in Physical Anthropology in 1953, the Joseph Henry Medal of the Smithsonian Institution in 1967, and an award from the physical anthropology section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences in 1981.

Sources: Ubelaker, Douglas H. "Thomas Dale Stewart, A Biographer Memoir," National Academy of Sciences, 2006.

Pace, Eric. "T. Dale Stewart Dies at 96; Anthropologist at Smithsonian," The New York Times, 1997.

Chronology

1901 -- Born in Delta, Pennsylvania.

1922-1927 -- Moved to Washington, D.C. and attended George Washington University.

1924 -- Began working at the Smithsonian Institution.

1927 -- Sent by Ales Hrdlicka to Alaska to collect skeletal remains with Henry Collins.

1931 -- Graduated from The Johns Hopkins University with an M.D.

1931 -- Appointed assistant curator at the Smithsonian under Hrdlicka.

1939 -- Promoted to associate curator.

1939 -- Field work in Mexico.

1941 -- Field work in Peru.

1943 -- Taught at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

1943 -- Promoted to curator after Hrdlicka dies.

1943 -- Began working on forensic cases for the F.B.I.

1945 -- Field work in Mexico.

1949 -- Field work in Peru.

1947, 1949 -- Field work in Guatemala.

1954-1955 -- Traveled to Japan to assist in the identification of skeletal remains from the Korean War (Operation Glory).

1957-1967 -- Taught at the George Washington University School of Medicine.

1960-1962 -- Served as head curator of the Department of Anthropology.

1962-1965 -- Served as the director of the National Museum of Natural History.

1964 -- Assisted in the production of Smithsonian exhibits on physical anthropology.

1966 -- Retired from administrative duties and appointed senior scientist.

1971 -- Retired from the Smithsonian.

1997 -- Died in Bethesda, Maryland.
Related Materials:
The following manuscripts related to Stewart and his work can be found at the NAA:

NAA MS 1615- Excavations in Mancos Canyon, Colorado September 1943.

NAA MS 4669- The Townsend Site Near Lewes, Delaware 1962 by Henri Omwake.

NAA MS 4843- Report by T. Dale Stewart on Human Skeletal Material Excavated by W.M. Walker at Cedar Grove Cave, Arkansas and Natchitoches, Louisiana.

NAA MS 7025- A Tentative Closing Report on the Willin Site, Eldorado, Maryland September 1, 1952.

NAA MS 7121- "Memories from Half a Century at the Smithsonian January 11, 1978" recording.

NAA MS 7223- The Townsend Site January 1950.

NAA MS 7264- Documents Concerning Preserved Paleolithic Human Remains Found in the Vicinity of Cueva, Spain 1969-1972.

NAA MS 7357- Material Relating to Dermatoglyphics of Mayan Groups ca. 1947-1949.

NAA MS 7358- Personal Identification in Mass Disasters December 9-11 1968.

NAA MS 7359- T. Dale Stewart on the Identification of Human Remains April 6, 1970.

NAA MS 7474- Sketches of Burials at Ossuary 2, Juhle Site ca. 1971-1972.

Additional material T. Dale Stewart created while assisting Ales Hrdlicka is located at the National Anthropological Archives, The Papers of Ales Hrdlicka, ca. 1887-1943.

Many objects and artifact materials collected by T. Dale Stewart throughout his career are also held by the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology. These include skeletal remains and other materials from the Shanidar Cave in Iraq, forensic anthropological material including bone casts from Operation Glory, archaelogical materials from excavations in Maryland and Virginia including the Nanjemoy and Potomac Creek sites, and skeletal remains and other related materials from Stewart's 1927 expedition to Alaska with Henry Collins. Contact Anthropological Collections for more information.
Provenance:
Materials were transferred from T. Dale Stewart to the National Anthropological Archives in multiple accretions between 1975 and 2000 under accessions 1981-52, 1981-59, 1986-04, 1988-15, 1988-33, 1995-04, 1998-61, and 2000-46.The bulk of materials in this collection were transferred to the NAA from the Department of Anthropology in 1994 (1995-04).
Restrictions:
The Thomas Dale Stewart papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Operation Glory  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- American Indian  Search this
Americans  Search this
Aging  Search this
Anthropology -- Exhibits  Search this
Fossil hominids  Search this
Early man -- Neanderthal  Search this
George Washington University  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Anthropology, history of  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Physical anthropology -- Early man  Search this
Primates  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Thomas Dale Stewart Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.1988-33
See more items in:
Thomas Dale Stewart Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1988-33

Louisiana Purchase Exposition (St. Louis, 1904) 1901-1906.

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Note:
To celebrate the hundredth anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase, Congress sanctioned the Louisiana Purchase Exposition ". . . for exhibitions of arts, industries, manufactures, and products of soil, mine, forest, and sea." The exposition was held at St. Louis from April 30 to December 1, 1904. It encompassed 1,240 acres of indoor and outdoor exhibits, including an actual Philippine village. Foreign and domestic participants provided an "exposition of processes" including such divisions as electricity, transportation, anthropology, physical culture, and an International Congress of Arts and Science designed to be an "academic accompaniment" to the exposition.

In 1902 Congress appropriated $110,000 to the Smithsonian Institution for its exhibits, which took over two years to prepare, for ". . . no pains have been spared to make the display both interesting and noteworthy." The Smithsonian's display represented the Smithsonian Institution proper, including a reproduction of the Children's Room in the Smithsonian Building in Washington; the Bureau of International Exchange; and the Astrophysical Observatory. National Museum exhibits consisted of models of Aztec ruins from the Department of Anthropology and a cast and skeleton of a sulfur bottom whale from the Department of Biology. The Department of Geology provided restorations of the Stegosaurus and Triceratops as well as a collection of meteorites. Two outdoor exhibits were also provided--the National Zoological Park's flying bird cage and a coelostat from the Astrophysical Observatory. In 1905, as a direct result of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, the National Museum increased its accessions more than at any other time except after the close of the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition.

The Smithsonian's participation was managed in what was by now the usual way. Secretary Langley appointed Frederick W. True as the Smithsonian representative to the U.S. Government Board of Management for the exposition. True also was chairman of the Installation and Decoration Committee. Dr. Marcus Lyon, Jr., was chief special agent in St. Louis during the exposition. William deC. Ravenel represented the U.S. Fish Commission on the Government Board of Management and was also administrative assistant to Richard Rathbun, the Assistant Secretary in charge of the U.S. National Museum. The U.S. National Museum's exhibits were prepared by specialists from its various branches. William H. Holmes, head of the Bureau of American Ethnology, collaborated with the Museum's Department of Anthropology to create the anthropology exhibit. Frederick W. True, acting in a dual capacity, planned the Department of Biology exhibit, assisted by Frederic A. Lucas. George P. Merrill, curator of the Department of Geology, directed plans for its exhibit.

This series includes both correspondence and administrative records pertaining to the Smithsonian Institution's participation in the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. The records include correspondence concerning the collection, preparation, and management of the exhibits, and subsequent acquisitions. Other True correspondence relates to his position as chairman of the Installation and Decoration Committee for the Government Board. Correspondence between Richard Rathbun and William deC. Ravenel concerns desirable exhibits (both foreign and domestic) they hoped to obtain for the National Museum, including comments from Otis T. Mason, Paul Beckwith, Walter Hough, and others. The remainder of the series relates to administrative and financial records, including draft and final reports of Smithsonian participation in the exposition and lists of specimens exhibited.

For photographs, see Record Unit 95, Series 7.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 70, Smithsonian Institution, Exposition Records of the Smithsonian Institution and the United States National Museum
Identifier:
Record Unit 70, Series 16
See more items in:
Exposition Records of the Smithsonian Institution and the United States National Museum
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0070-refidd1e7815

MS 1318-b Eskimo anthropometry

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Creator:
Biggins, William J.  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Marked "Work by William J. Biggins," a student of Dr Michelson's ? Width of face, in mm. of various individuals.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1318-b
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Indians of North America -- anthropometry  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1318-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1318B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1318b

MS 1956 Anthropometric measurements of Kutenai: 81 male and 25 female persons of the Upper and Lower Kutenai

Collector:
Chamberlain, Alexander Francis, 1865-1914  Search this
Extent:
106 Sheets
Culture:
Kootenai (Kutenai)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
1891
Scope and Contents:
Partially filled.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1956
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Kutenai  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1956, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1956
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1956

Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development records, 1947-1989

Creator:
Krogman, Wilton Marion, 1903-1987  Search this
Krogman, Wilton Marion, 1903-1987  Search this
Production place:
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP)  Search this
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP)  Search this
Repository:
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
University of Pennsylvania  Search this
Extent:
520 Linear feet (520 boxes)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Patient medical records
Date:
circa 1947 - circa 1989
Summary:
The Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development records consist of data collected by the Krogman Growth Center over a 40-year period documenting physical growth and faciodental development in Philadelphia children from approximately 1947-1989. The study observed children throughout their lives, starting at infancy once Philadelphia's participation in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (1959-1974) began. In all, the data collected from these growth studies helped establish healthy growth standards for children, and reflect largest and longest U.S. studies on growth, pregnancy, and childhood. The collection includes a variety of mixed materials and medical records, including: photographs, clinical notes, patient evaluations, family medical histories, newspaper clippings, X-rays, and dental records.
Scope and Contents:
Access to the collection is restricted, due to the presence of personally identifiable information (PII). Access is subject to approval by the Smithsonian Institution's Institutional Review Board (IRB). Please contact the National Anthropological Archives for further information.

The Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development records contain the data collected for the Philadelphia branch of the National Collaborative Perinatal Program (CPP) (1954-1974) and for a 40-year longitudinal study (1947-1983) by Wilton M. Krogman (and his successor, Solomon H. Katz) at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). Data was collected in the form of a variety of medical records, including pediatric, dental, and hospital records, all of which contain PII: National Infant Mortality Surveillance (NIMS) numbers; birthdays; photographs; clinical notes; family medical histories; pediatric, psychological, and neurological evaluations; X-rays; and death reports (including autopsies and related newspaper clippings).

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series: (1) National Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP), Dental Program, 1959-1976; and (2) Child Growth and Development: Patient Files Information, circa 1947-circa 1989.
Wilton Marion Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development:
The Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development (originally known as the Philadelphia center for Research in child Growth) was founded by anthropologist Wilton M. Krogman in 1947. The Center was located in the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP).

Its objective was to establish growth standards for "normal," healthy children, as determined by age, sex, and race. Longitudinal research for this study began in approximately 1947. The study involved approximately 9,000 initial participants (7,200 of which were followed up on), who were observed annually for physical growth, psychological performance, faciodental development with cleft lip and/or palate, facial growth in regards to tooth development, and any existing endocrine disorders and orthopedic concerns.

Additionally, the Center led the Philadelphia portion of the 11-city Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) (1959-1974), which remains the largest and longest U.S.-based study of pregnancy and childhood ever conducted. In all, the research of the Center compromises the largest longitudinal study ever conducted on growth in the U.S. and the largest in the world on people of African descent, and produced hundreds of publications between 1959 and 2011. Many of the original participants contributed to later phases of the project as adults for decades thereafter, making a significant contribution to the study of aging. The results of Krogman's initial research helped establish physical growth standards for elementary and high school age children.

Chronology: Wilton Marion Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development

1947 -- Founded by Wilton M. Krogman (originally named the Philadelphia Center for Research in Child Growth)

1947-1983 -- Longitudinal Research, Child Growth: Physical Growth, Faciodental Development, Dental Program

1959-1974 -- Longitudinal Research, National Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP), Philadelphia

1970 -- Krogman publishes growth study findings through the Society for Research in Child Development

1971 -- Dr. Solomon H. Katz becomes new Center Director

1972 -- Krogman republishes growth study findings in his book Child Growth
Wilton Marion Krogman:
Wilton Marion "Bill" Krogman was born on June 28, 1903 to Lydia Magdalena Wriedt and Wilhelm Claus Krogman in Oak Park, Illinois.

He attended the University of Chicago from 1921-1929, where he majored in anthropology, minored in biology and geo-paleontology, and earned his PhD. His postdoctoral work included several fellowships, teaching positions, and summer archeological "digs" through the Archaeological Survey of Illinois.

As a student, Krogman's work caught the attention of Dr. Milo Hellman, an orthodontist and physical anthropologist. At Hellman's suggestion, Krogman submitted a paper to the Chaim Prize Committee's annual Morris L. Chaim Prize of the First District Dental Society of New York City. Krogman's paper, "Anthropological Aspects of the Human Teeth and Dentition," received first prize and was published in its entirety in the Journal of Dental Research in 1927, for which Hellman was on the editorial board. Krogman received additional attention as a student from Dr. Thomas Wingate Todd, an anatomist, physical anthropologist, and director of the Department of Anthropology for Western Reserve University in Ohio. As such, Todd arranged a fellowship for Krogman from 1928-1929.

After receiving his PhD in 1929, Krogman participated as a National Reserve fellow at the Royal College of Surgeons in London from 1930-1931. Afterwards, he returned to Western Reserve University, where he joined the faculty as an associate professor of anatomy and physical anthropology. During this time, Krogman worked under Todd as a researcher for the Brush Foundation and the Bolton Fund, which focused on physical and psychological development in children, and on faciodental growth in children, respectively. It is during this time that Krogman also began his studies in craniology.

In 1938, Krogman returned to Chicago to join the faculty of the University of Chicago as an associate professor of anatomy and physical anthropology.

In 1947, Krogman moved to Pennsylvania to join the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania as a professor of physical anthropology for the Graduate School of Medicine and for the School of Dental Medicine. While teaching, he also served as a curator at the university's museum and was on staff at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). Here, he founded the Philadelphia Center for Research in Child Growth—which would later be renamed the Wilton Marion Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development. The Center carried out a 40-year longitudinal study that documented physical growth and faciodental development in children across age, sex, and race. Additionally, it participated in the Philadelphia portion of the National Collaborative Perinatal Project (1959-1974). (See "Biographical/Historical: Wilton Marion Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development," and collection series/sub-series descriptions for more information on the Center's research.)

While carrying out his child growth studies, Krogman's research contributed greatly to many interests in the field of anthropology, including: osteology, racial studies, genetics, medical anthropology, paleoanthropology, constitutional anthropology, and human engineering. Furthermore, together with Dr. Todd of Western Reserve University, he pioneered the study of forensic anthropology. His 1962 book, The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine, which has served as a definitive text for medical and police professionals alike.

In 1970, Krogman published the findings of his growth study through the Society for Research in Child Development.

In 1971, Krogman retired from the University of Pennsylvania becoming emeritus staff. That same year, Krogman became the director of research at the H. K. Cooper Clinic, where he continued to research and publish about oral and facial development and growth until retiring in 1983 due to health concerns.

Over the course of his career, Krogman earned a number of awards and honors, and held prestigious positions, including, but not limited to: chair for Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1948-1949), president of the Central Section of the American Anthropological Association (1937-1938), president of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (1942-1949), chair of the Department of Physical Anthropology in the Graduate School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1951), the Viking Fund Medal in Physical Anthropology (1950), chair of the Committee on Research in Physical Anthropology of the National Research Council (1955-1971), the Drexel Institute Award (1958), president of the Society for Research in Child Development (1959-1961), president of the International Society of Cranio-Facial Biology (1962-1963), and election to the National Academy of Sciences (1966).

Wilton M. Krogman died on November 4, 1987 at age 84.

Chronology: Wilton Marion Krogman

1903 June 28 -- Born in Oak Park, Illinois

1921-1929 -- Student, University of Chicago

1928-1929 -- Research Fellow, Western Reserve University

1929 -- Ph.D., University of Chicago (Anthropology)

1930-1931 -- National Reserve Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons, London

1931-1938 -- Faculty, Western Reserve University Researcher, Western Reserve University (Brush Foundation) Researcher, Western Reserve University (Bolton Fund)

1933-1945 -- Secretary, Section H (Anthropology), American Association for the Advancement of Science

1937–1939 -- President, Central Section, American Anthropological Association

1938-1947 -- Faculty, University of Chicago

1944-1949 -- President, American Association of Physical Anthropologists

1947-1971 -- Faculty, University of Pennsylvania

1947 -- Founder, Philadelphia Center for Research in Child Growth (renamed W. M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development)

1947-? -- Curator, Penn Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania

1947-1951 -- Chair, Committee on Research in Physical Anthropology, National Research Council

1947-1971 -- Staff, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Researcher, Philadelphia Center for Research in Child Growth (renamed W. M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development)

1948-1949 -- Chair, Section H (Anthropology), American Association for the Advancement of Science

1949-1950, 1957-59 -- Member, Board of Governors, Society for Research in Child Development

1950 -- Recipient, Viking Fund Medal in Physical Anthropology

1955-1971 -- Chair, Department of Physical Anthropology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

1955 -- LL.D., Honorary Degree, Baylor University

1958 -- Recipient, Drexel Institute Award

1959-1961 -- President, Society for Research in Child Development

1962-1963 -- President, International Society of Cranio-Facial Biology

1966 -- Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

1967 -- Recipient, Callahan Award and Medal, Ohio State Dental Association

1969 -- Recipient, Ketcham Award, American Association of Orthodontists

1969 -- D.Sc., Honorary Degree, University of Michigan

1971 -- Krogman retires

1971-1983 -- Faculty, University of Pennsylvania (Professor Emeritus) Director of Research, H. K. Cooper (cleft palate) Clinic, Lancaster

1973 -- Honorary Senior President, Third Inernational Orthodontic Congress, London

1979 -- D.Sc., Honorary Degree, University of Pennsylvania

1982 -- Recipient, Annual Award, American Association of Orthodontists

1983 -- Recipient, Honors Award, American Cleft Palate Association

1987 November 4 -- Died in Lititz, Pennsylvania
Provenance:
The Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development records were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Solomon Katz in 2017.
Restrictions:
Access to the collection is restricted, due to the presence of personally identifiable information (PII). Access is subject to approval by the Smithsonian Institution's Institutional Review Board (IRB). Please contact the National Anthropological Archives for further information.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Anthropology, physical  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- Anthropologists  Search this
Babies  Search this
Forensic anthropology  Search this
Infants  Search this
Physical anthropologists  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Physical anthropology -- dental anthropology  Search this
Physical anthropology -- growth studies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patient medical records
Citation:
Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2017-20
See more items in:
Wilton M. Krogman Center for Research in Child Growth and Development records, 1947-1989
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2017-20

MS 2081 Ethnology; legends; linguistics

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
189 Pages
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Cree  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents include Sun Dance; Tcikusapatag-conjuring; physical anthropology of the above tribes; marriage (Cree); story of Cree culture hero-W.-; list of tribes known to Cree; Cree linguistics, vocabularies and tables of moods. For physical anthropology description see main card under FOX. Chippewa: 1 page note physical anthropology, measurements of one "Salteaux woman." In book III. page 36.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2081
Topic:
Dance -- Sun Dance  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies -- conjuring  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- anthropometry  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Marriage and family  Search this
Folklore -- culture hero  Search this
Names, tribal  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Meskwaki; Sauk & Fox  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2081, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2081
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2081

MS 1194 List of names of Indians of McCloud River, California

Collector:
Stone, Livingston, 1836-1912  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Shasta  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
With data concerning each of the persons named, detailing vital statistics, mode of life, blood mixture, and other somatologic informatiom.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1194
Topic:
Shasta Indians  Search this
Names, Personal  Search this
Shasta Indians  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- somatology  Search this
Shasta Indians  Search this
Indians -- Mixed descent  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1194, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1194
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1194

MS 2993 Measurements of skulls

Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
6 Sheets
Culture:
Shoshone  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Standard deviations of vault of skull given.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2993
Topic:
Shoshonean Indians  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- standard cranial vault deviations  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2993, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2993
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2993

MS 2666 Fox text and notes on physical anthropology

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
16 Pages
Culture:
Fox -- general ethnology  Search this
Fox -- String figures  Search this
Sauk  Search this
French  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2666
Local Note:
Additional material on physical anthropology from Dr. Michelson's ethnological notes, etc. filed November 1950- from his office.
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Fox  Search this
Games -- Fox  Search this
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2666, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2666
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2666

Anthropology - Physical Anthropology, 1985

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Assistant Director for Collections  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 14
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-244, National Museum of Natural History. Assistant Director for Collections, Subject Files
See more items in:
Subject Files
Subject Files / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa01-244-refidd1e223

MS 1985 Quileute-Hoh lndians. Measurements and Physical Diagnosis.

Collector:
Reagan, Albert B., 1871-1936  Search this
Extent:
83 Pages
Culture:
Quileute  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also includes diagnoses.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1985
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Quileute  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1985, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1985
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1985

MS 2925 Report of the Northern Alaska Exploring Expedition

Creator:
Stoney, George Morse, 1852-1905  Search this
Culture:
Eskimo -- birth  Search this
Eskimo -- Boats  Search this
Eskimo -- Dwellings  Search this
Eskimo -- Clothing  Search this
Eskimo -- Hide preparation  Search this
Eskimo -- anthropometry  Search this
Eskimo -- Folklore  Search this
Eskimo -- Trade  Search this
Eskimo -- Medicine  Search this
Eskimo -- Children  Search this
Eskimo -- puberty  Search this
Eskimo -- sledge  Search this
Eskimo -- deer drive  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
April 13, 1884-November 9, 1886
Scope and Contents:
This published account follows the manuscript in the main, with minor editorial changes, especially in the paragraphing and in arrangement of the sections. However, there are some paragraphs and several entire sections in the manuscript which do not appear in the published account. Manuscript page number 160-163. "Boats." Includes drawing of oomiak, kayak, and birchbark canoe, page 161. 163-165. "Houses." Includes drawing of ground plan and cross-section, page 164. 165-167. "Clothing." 167. "Tanning Skins." 167-168. "Thread, Rope, etc." 168-169. Line drawing and description of Malemute sledge. 175-179. "The Second Expedition. ...lists of the provisions, small stores and clothing, outfit, and trade articles of the expedition." 180-199. "Aurora." Observations, August 25, 1885-May 31, 1886. 200-207. "Explorer, Engines and Boiler; Particulars and Dimensions." 208-209. "First Expedition. Stores taken in stem cutter Helena on her survey trip." 210-216; Measurements of Uneluk, Putnam River Malemute, male, aged 32; [217-219] Apaucuk, No-to-ark River, Malemute, male, aged ca. 42; Tatantuk, Norton Sound Malemute, age unknown. [220-238] "Meteorological Observations," including original data sheets.
Manuscript page Number 8. Paragraph concerning native village, N.W. side of Nunivak Island. 10. Paragraph concerning native village, S.W. side of Sledge Island. 60. "Ground plan of hut showing interior." Ink diagram of hut described in published text, page 40. 82. "Section of hut showing interior." Diagram of hut described in published text, page 46. 121-22. "The Chipp or Ik-pik-puk River." 122-122 1/2. "The Colville or Kinyanook River." 127. "Puberty" and "Birth." (Published version lists "Parturation" in contents, but does not treat it in text.) 129. Native population figures. 134-35. Last paragraph of "Doctors" section, describing cure for petty illnesses, using shaman's belt and a stick. (Last 3 paragraphs in published version under "Doctors," pages 90-91, are not in Manuscript.) 139. Diagram of deer drive. 152-157. Legends." (Published version lists in Contents, "Native Legends as Chap. XIII, but this chapter is not in text. Chap. XIV of the Contents, "All Aboard for Home," is not in the published text, nor is it in the Manuscript.) 157-60. "Trade." Gives "articles most in demand," and "price list obtained from the traders" with value of trade goods in terms of number of skins.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2925
Local Note:
See Lt. George M. Stoney, Naval Explorations in Alaska; An Account of Two Naval Expeditions to Northern Alaska, with Official Maps of the Country Explored, U.S. Naval Institute, Annapolis, Maryland, 1900, 105 pages, 3 maps, 7 plates. line drawings.
Topic:
Boats -- Eskimo  Search this
Dwellings -- Eskimo  Search this
Clothing -- Eskimo  Search this
Hide preparation -- Eskimo  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Folklore -- Eskimo  Search this
Trade, gifts and exchanges -- Eskimo  Search this
Medicine -- Eskimo  Search this
Children and childbirth -- Eskimo  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2925, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2925
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2925

MS 303 Northern Inuits words, phrases, and sentences in Powell's Introduction tot he Study of Indian Languages

Collector:
Ray, P. H. (Patrick Henry), 1842-1911  Search this
Extent:
64 Pages
Culture:
Eskimo -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1881
Scope and Contents:
In Schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. Included anthropomorphic data on separate sheets.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 303
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 303, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS303
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms303

MS 1308 The varieties of the American Race in North America

Collector:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Extent:
26 pages
Culture:
American Indians -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Largely anthropometric.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1308
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1308, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1308
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1308

MS 4909 Measurements of approximately 170 living Eskimos of St. Lawrence Island, Alaska: individual data sheets

Creator:
Moore, Riley Dunning, 1883-  Search this
Extent:
170 Pages
40 Items (adding machine tapes )
Culture:
Eskimo -- anthropometry  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1912
Scope and Contents:
Recorded in printed data sheets of Smithsonian Institution, USNM.
Biographical / Historical:
Collected under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution and the Pan-California Exposition, San Diego.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4909
Local Note:
autograph document
Topic:
Anthropology, physical -- Eskimo  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4909, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4909
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4909

MS 4434 Notes on the Island-Carib of Dominica

Creator:
Taylor, Douglas MacRae  Search this
Correspondent:
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Culture:
Carib -- Island  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Maps
Photographs
Place:
Lesser Antilles -- Dominica
Date:
1937-40
Scope and Contents:
"Addenda and Corrigenda [to Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 119, Anthropology Paper Number 3]," [1938], [24] pages; "Further Notes on the Karib of Dominica," [1939], 44 pages, including pencil drawings; linguistic notes--vocabulary, phrases, place names, [14] pages; anthropometric and genealogical data on 35 individuals, [1940], [105, 4] pages; map; ca. 100 photographs; letters from Taylor to Bureau of American Ethnology, 1937-40, 6 pages; memo from T. D. Stewart, 1 page.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4434
Topic:
Island Carib  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Island Carib  Search this
Anthropology, physical -- anthropometry  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Maps
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4434, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4434
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4434

Ústav Anthropos : 30 let hledání původu a vývoje člověka / Jan Jelínek

Author:
Jelínek, Jan 1926-  Search this
Moravské muzeum v Brně  Search this
Subject:
Ústav Anthropos (Moravské muzeum v Brně)  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1980
Topic:
Human evolution--Exhibitions  Search this
Human beings--Origin  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Call number:
QH367 .J481
QH367.J481
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_195507

The international encyclopedia of biological anthropology editor-in-chief, Wenda Trevathan

Editor:
Trevathan, Wenda  Search this
Physical description:
3 volumes (xl, 1681 pages) 25 cm
Type:
Encyclopedias
Encyclopedia
Date:
2018
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Anthropology / Physical  Search this
Anthropology, Physical  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1112327

Earnest Albert Hooton (1887-1954)

Subject:
Hooton, Earnest Albert 1887-1954  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Physical anthropology  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-3962]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Not Evaluated
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_393750

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By