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Philip G. Freelon Architectural Archive

Creator:
Freelon, Philip G., 1953-2019  Search this
Names:
American Institute of Architects  Search this
Freelon Adjaye Bond/SmithGroup  Search this
Freelon Bond Architects  Search this
Freelon Group  Search this
Hampton University (Va.)  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. School of Architecture  Search this
National Museum of African American History and Culture  Search this
National Organization of Minority Architects (U.S.)  Search this
North Carolina Board of Architecture  Search this
NorthStar Church of the Arts  Search this
PPG Industries, Inc.  Search this
Perkins & Will  Search this
Adjaye, David, 1966-  Search this
Bond, J. Max, Jr.  Search this
Freelon, Allan Randall, 1895-1960  Search this
Extent:
5.1 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Place:
North Carolina -- United States
United States of America -- North Carolina -- Durham County -- Durham
United States of America -- Massachusetts -- Suffolk County -- Boston
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
United States of America -- New York -- New York
Date:
bulk 1939-2017
Scope and Contents:
The Philip G. Freelon Architectural Archival Collection documents the life and career of architect, educator, cultural heritage preservation advocate and artist Philip G. Freelon. The collection highlights his distinguished career from its inception to his role as the "architect of record" for the National Museum of African American History and Culture. Freelon was one of the leading African American architects of his generation and he created a focus designing and constructing buildings that paid reverence to African Americans and other underrepresented communities. This collection is comprised of business records, photographic materials, ephemera, correspondence, architectural drawings, and clippings.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection have been separated into seven series. The materials have been ordered and organized based on the content and chronology. Within each series and sub-series, the folders are organized as close to the collection's original order as when it was acquired.
Biographical / Historical:
Philip Goodwin Freelon was born March 26, 1953, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Allan Freelon, Jr. and Elizabeth Neal Freelon. Freelon was greatly influenced by his grandfather, Allan Freelon Sr., a notable Harlem Renaissance visual artist, educator, and civil rights activist. His grandfather's values and artistry inspired him to create a career that focused on creating historical and cultural spaces in African American communities. Freelon attended high school at the former predominantly white elite all-boys school, Central High School located in upper North Philadelphia from 1967 to 1971. His attendance at this school during of the Civil Rights Movement afforded him the unique experience that inspired him to attend a historically Black college (HBCU). Freelon selected Hampton Institute (Hampton University) to develop his veneration of the composition and design of the buildings that held cultural and artistic treasures. Located in the Tidewater area of Virginia, Hampton was renowned among HBCUs for its architecture program. His professor and mentor at Hampton, John Spencer, pushed Freelon academically as he moved easily through the school's curriculum. After two years at Hampton, Spencer helped Freelon transition to a more challenging program at North Carolina State University (NCSU) in Raleigh, North Carolina. Freelon graduated in 1975 with a bachelor's in environmental design in architecture.

Later in the fall of 1975, Freelon enrolled at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to pursue a master's in architecture. During the summers, Freelon worked with one of former his NC State professors at the architectural firm of John D. Latimer and Associates. After graduating from MIT in 1977, Freelon returned to North Carolina to take his Architecture Registration Examination (ARE), becoming the firm's youngest person to receive licensure. He also began teaching classes at his alma mater, NC State. It was there that Freelon met his future wife, Nnenna Pierce. Pierce, a Massachusetts native was attending Simmons College in Boston at the time. The connection was immediate, and the pair was married in 1979 and welcomed their first son, Deen in 1980. After a brief employment for a large Texas firm 3/D International, Freelon returned to Durham to join O'Brien Atkins Associates. He was the firm's youngest partner, eventually serving as principal and vice president of architecture. Freelon worked on a wide variety of projects throughout the state including learning centers, university buildings, churches, and parking garages. Along with Freelon's budding career, his family was expanding as well. Phil and Nnenna welcomed their daughter Maya in 1982 and their son, Pierce in 1983. During this time, Freelon was being highly recognized for his work. The American of Institute of Architects (AIA) awarded him the Honor Award for his design of Terminal 2 of the Raleigh-Durham International Airport, which has since been rebuilt.

By the end of the decade, Freelon and his wife Nnenna needed a change of pace. Nnenna pursued a professional career in music while Phil took a break from his career to expand his skillset and reinforce his intellectual approach to design. In 1989, Freelon was granted the Loeb Fellowship for one year of independent study at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. He also pursued a longtime hobby of furniture design, calling the practice "small architecture". He received industry awards like first prize in the PPG Industries, Inc. Furniture Design Competition as well as AIA Honor Award for conference table designs. With a year away from the field to clarify his vision, Freelon opened his own firm, simply titled, the Freelon Group in 1990. Beginning as a one-man operation, the Freelon Group grew to become one of the largest African American owned architectural firms in the country with over 50 employees, forty percent of which were women, and thirty percent were people of color. With freedom within his own firm, Freelon focused on designing learning centers, libraries and museums and vowed to never build anything that did not bring cultural and intellectual value to a community.

Over the next twenty years, Freelon would assert himself as a force in designing notable cultural institutions and community-driven projects in and around the country including the Sonja Haynes Stone Center at University of North Carolina Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, NC), Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture (Baltimore, MD), Museum of African Diaspora (San Francisco, CA), Harvey B. Gantt for African American Arts and Culture (Charlotte, NC), the Anacostia and Tenley-Friendship branches of the District of Columbia Public Library , National Center for Civil Rights and Human Rights (Atlanta, GA), Mississippi Civil Rights Museum (Jackson, MS) and Emancipation Park (Houston, TX). Alongside his architectural career, Freelon served as a lecturer and adjunct professor at several colleges and universities including North Carolina State University, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), University of Maryland College Park, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Syracuse University, and the Florence, Italy program at Kent State University. Freelon was awarded a full-time appointment as professor of Professional Practice at MIT in 2008. The Professional Practice (4.222) course was a requirement for the master's in architecture and he used examples from his extensive career and personal experience to illustrate legal, ethical, and management concepts. Nnenna's music career was also thriving. She would go on to record twelve albums and be nominated for six Grammys. This fusion of education, the arts, and music inspired another generation of Freelons: their son, Pierce Freelon is a hip-hop artist, educator, and political activist; daughter Maya Freelon is a visual artist; and son Deen Freelon is a professor.

In 2001, George W. Bush established a commission to create a new museum on the National Mall. Freelon wanted to enter his firm to participate in the international design competition. Freelon would partner with famed African American New York City architect, J. Max Bond, Jr. and by 2006 the two officially formed the Freelon Bond Architects.The Freelon Bond group submitted their proposal and soon after were elected to create programming and pre-design work for the museum. When the official design competition for the museum was announced in 2008, UK-based architect David Adjaye joined the team as the lead designer, and along with the partnering firm SmithGroup, the new architectural team became Freelon Adjaye Bond/SmithGroup. The three black architects combined a variety of distinctive elements from Africa and the Americas to create the building's unique, historically significant design. The Freelon Group served as the "architect of record" and were responsible for ensuring that key design ideas were upheld. Freelon and key firm members such as Zena Howard were active as on-site project managers during the museum's construction process to certify that the building would be developed according to plan. Freelon, Adjaye, and Bond were tasked with taking the collective history of the African American experience-- generations of pain, triumph, and perseverance-- and forming it into a structure. The team looked to African sources, such as Yoruban architecture, for inspiration. They sought to connect the building's design to the geographic and cultural roots of African Americans. Their design choices also reference the contributions of enslaved and free black metalworkers made to the landscape of the American South. Their goal was to make the museum an extension of its contents, and an expression of the stories told inside. By the groundbreaking for NMAAHC in 2012, Freelon had been appointed to the U.S. Commission of the Fine Arts by President Barack Obama. In an effort to broaden his resources and expand his firm, The Freelon Group merged with Perkins & Will, a firm originating in Chicago that grew to have offices across the United States. Freelon was appointed the managing director and later lead design director at the firm's North Carolina offices in Charlotte and Durham in 2014. By the next year, Freelon understood that his work in architecture and education was a necessary voice to preserve, which he did through donation of the bulk of his personal papers to his alma mater, NC State University. The year 2016 proved to be a year of triumph for Freelon as NMAAHC opened its doors on September 24th to much jubilation and celebration. That same year, Freelon's legacy was further cemented as the Phil Freelon Fellowship Fund was established at Harvard University Graduate School of Design, a fellowship designed to broaden opportunities for African Americans and other underrepresented communities in architecture and design.

Unfortunately, this triumphant year was met with difficulty as Freelon was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive disease that affects the nervous system. He would continue to work and lecture for the next two years until it became too challenging. One of those projects was the renovation and opening of The NorthStar Church of the Arts in early 2019. A passion project with his wife and son, Pierce, a former church was renovated and repurposed as an arts and cultural space for all. This space was created in an effort to support the Durham cultural community as it began to feel the effects of gentrification. When Freelon lost his battle with ALS on July 9, 2019, in his home in Durham, North Carolina, the family requested that in lieu of flowers that donations be sent to the NorthStar Church to continue the center's mission and Phil's dream to give back to the Durham community.

Historical Timeline

1953 -- Philip Goodwin Freelon was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Allan Freelon Jr. and Elizabeth Neal Freelon.

1971 -- Freelon graduated from Central High School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and entered School of Architecture, Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia as a design student.

1973 -- Freelon transferred to College of Design at the North Carolina State University in Raleigh.

1975 -- Graduated with a Bachelor's in Environmental Design in Architecture from NC State University. He received the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Book Award for Outstanding Work in Architectural Design. In the fall, he began his master's program in architecture at MIT.

1976 -- Began working as aide for architectural firm, John D. Latimer and Associates.

1977 -- Graduated with a Master's in Architecture and Design from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT.)

1978 -- Freelon became youngest architect to pass the North Carolina Architecture Registration Exam. Freelon started teaching at North Carolina State University.

1979 -- Married Chinyere "Nnenna" Pierce. Freelon began working for, 3/D International in Houston, Texas.

1980 -- Son Deen Freelon was born.

1981 -- Freelon returned to Durham, NC to join O'Brien Atkins Associates as the firm's youngest partner.

1982 -- Daughter Maya Freelon was born.

1983 -- Son Pierce Freelon was born.

1989-1990 -- Received Loeb Fellowship for independent study at Harvard University. Freelon received AIA Honor Award for American Airlines Terminal 2 at Raleigh-Durham Airport, NC (RDU).

1990 -- Freelon left O'Brien Atkins Associates to open his own firm The Freelon Group.

1991 -- Won first prize in the PPG Furniture Design Competition.

1992 -- Won the AIA Honor Award for Conference Table Designs.

2001 -- Won the AIA Firm Award for The Freelon Group and the AIA Design Award for Parking Structure, RDU Airport. Began attending meetings of President George W. Bush's commission on new National Mall museum dedicated to African American history and culture.

2003 -- Freelon merged his firm with New York architect Max Bond to create Freelon Bond Architects.

2004 -- Sonja Haynes Stone Center at University of North Carolina Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, NC) was completed.

2005 -- Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture (Baltimore, MD) and Museum of African Diaspora (San Francisco, CA) were both completed.

2008 -- UK-based architect David Adjaye and Washington, DC based architecture firm, Smithgroup joined the team, creating the Freelon Adjaye Bond Group/SmithGroup Freelon began teaching at MIT's school of Architecture and Design.

2009 -- Freelon Adjaye Bond/Smithgroup won the official design for the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC). Harvey B. Gantt for African American Arts and Culture (Charlotte, NC) was completed.

2010 -- Anacostia branch of the District of Columbia Public Library (Washington, DC) was completed.

2011 -- Tenley-Friendship branch of the District of Columbia Public Library (Washington, DC) was completed.

2012 -- Construction began on NMAAHC.

2014 -- The Freelon Group merged with Perkins & Will, a much larger architectural firm. Freelon became managing director and lead design director of the North Carolina branches in Durham and Charlotte. National Center for Civil Rights and Human Rights (Atlanta, GA) was completed.

2016 -- Freelon was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

2017 -- Mississippi Civil Rights Museum (Jackson, MS) and Emancipation Park (Houston, TX) were completed.

2019 -- Freelon died in his home in Durham, North Carolina at age 66 on July 9.
Related Materials:
Phil Freelon Papers, 1975-2019 at North Carolina State University Libraries.
Provenance:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Philip G. Freelon.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Business  Search this
Construction  Search this
Entrepreneurship  Search this
Local and Regional  Search this
Design  Search this
Education  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Museums  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Philip G. Freelon Archival Collection, 1939-2017. National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2017.51
See more items in:
Philip G. Freelon Architectural Archive
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3ba3ca2a2-5495-45cf-801c-f3d66a7002fd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2017-51

An Outrage at History Film Forum 2017

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-03-30T02:38:12.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_0XOps06yjl0

Slavery by Another Name at History Film Forum 2017

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
Interviews
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-04-11T15:51:39.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_L1eSEYgYkks

Inspiring STEM Pathways: Jim West

Creator:
Lemelson Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
Interviews
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2023-01-24T20:49:39.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
LemelsonCenter
Data Source:
Lemelson Center, National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
LemelsonCenter
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_WWK44VLogHM

Estrellas del Vallenato - "La cañaguatera/The Woman from Cañaguate" [Live at Folklife Festival 2009]

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2009-07-09T13:07:53.000Z
YouTube Category:
Music  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_RqDpLVlhH_M

In Conversation With Dr. Bernice Johnson Reagon [Interview Video]

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-02-16T16:49:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Music  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_dKKejG4j3P0

The Taste of Country Cooking

Written by:
Edna Lewis, American, 1916 - 2006  Search this
Published by:
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., American, founded 1915  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D (a: open): 8 7/16 × 13 1/2 × 9/16 in. (21.5 × 34.3 × 1.4 cm)
H x W x D (a: closed): 8 7/16 × 6 7/16 × 1 in. (21.5 × 16.4 × 2.5 cm)
H x W (b: open): 8 7/16 × 21 5/16 in. (21.5 × 54.1 cm)
H x W (b: closed): 8 7/16 × 6 1/2 in. (21.5 × 16.5 cm)
Type:
cookbooks
Place made:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Cultural Place:
Freetown, Albemarle County, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1976
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Cooking and dining  Search this
Foodways  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Carole Darden-Lloyd and Norman Darden
Object number:
2021.27.4ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Edna Lewis. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd518599cbd-6b9a-474c-ac6d-c1337e1b2aa5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2021.27.4ab

Memphis -- Wellford Garden

Former owner:
McGee, Keith  Search this
Garden designer:
Taylor, Kitty  Search this
Sculptor:
DeLonga, Leonard  Search this
Provenance:
Little Garden Club of Memphis  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Wellford Garden (Memphis, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Shelby County -- Memphis
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photocopies of articles about the garden, and additional information.
General:
The Wellford Garden is located on less than one acre in Memphis, TN. Modeled after an english cottage garden with added influences from the American South, the property features a three-level backyard comprised of three outdoor rooms and has a great variety of plantings including trees, shrubs, vines, groundcovers, bulbs, perennials and annuals, with fine tuning adjustments made annually. Incorporating the shifting colors of plantings through the seasons, fragrant plants and the sounds of the water feature, the assorted elements of the garden combine to create a sanctuary that appeals to all of the senses. There is a good balance of sun and shade, and the shade from the west in the afternoon is abundant, an element critical to southern gardens.
The first outdoor room features the lower terrace, situated outside of the Master bedroom, is furnished with an umbrella and tables for entertaining plus an assortment of pots of blooming plants. Stairs lead to an upper level and another pathway, surrounded by ground cover and azaleas, branches off to the side terrace which features a hot tub and an outdoor fireplace.
A formal garden serves as the second room whose focal point is a lily pond surrounding a sculpture, a rusted Cor-Ten steel castle by Leonard Delonga. Goldfish reside in the lily pond which serves as a moat for the castle. The resulting marriage of the sculpture and pond are exceptional in concept and scale. In addition to the formal garden, the second outdoor room features a raised flower bed showcasing a collection of roses and a nearby metal arbor covered with Akebia serves as an entry point between the back yard and fountain area. The third outdoor room features a zoysia lawn with a wood gazebo and several pathways leading to a woodland setting and other small sheltered areas. The garden is primarily cared for by the owners of the property, who have have gained recognition from the Garden Conservancy for their exceptional private garden and offer tours in an event called "Open Days," to benefit the organization and a local garden club.
Persons associated with the garden include: Keith McGee (former owner), Kitty Taylor (garden designer, 2000), Leonard DeLonga (sculptor).
Related Materials:
Wellford Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (20 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Memphis  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN075
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb697f921be-b07d-40d3-95bd-72dd9931bc16
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10942

Potomac -- Mulberry House

Provenance:
Perennial Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Mulberry House (Potomac, Maryland).
Scope and Contents:
Folder includes work sheet and site plan.
General:
An American vegetable garden based on designs found in Williamsburg, Virginia garden archives ca. 1780. It is based on a five quadrant design with raised cedar beds and pea gravel walkways. The plan is 60' X 60'. Major plantings include American, South American, and Oriental vegetables and herbs.
Persons associated with the property include: Joseph and Eleanor Penovich (former owners, 1980 - 1995); and Salvacion Pagado (chief horticulturist, 1995 - present).
Related Materials:
Mulberry House related holdings consist of 1 folder (8 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Maryland -- Potomac  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File MD202
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Maryland
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e3cbea65-ba29-4669-a577-e96dcfebea9c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref14279

Inspiration Behind Colombia's Música Vallenata [Behind The Scenes Documentary]

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-04-14T15:27:13.000Z
YouTube Category:
Music  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt__TC1DyVaNOE

The Paschall Brothers - "God Said He Would Move..." [Live at Smithsonian Folklife Festival 2007]

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2010-04-22T16:44:52.000Z
YouTube Category:
Music  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolkways
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolkways
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_v_NrcUu8Fns

Outdoor Portrait of a Family Standing by a Picnic Table

Photograph by:
Rev. Henry Clay Anderson, American, 1911 - 1998  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on acetate film
Dimensions:
H x W: 4 x 5 in (10.2 x 12.7 cm)
Type:
negatives
Place made:
Greenville, Washington County, Mississippi, United States
Date:
1950s - 1960s
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Children  Search this
Communities  Search this
Cooking and dining  Search this
Families  Search this
Photography  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2007.1.69.13.29.B
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d662bcdb-65dc-45da-a737-808097ca9cd8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2007.1.69.13.29.B
Online Media:

The Paschall Brothers perform "God Said He Would Move/On the Right Road Now"

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2011-06-21T14:59:51.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_vNSTZTOFmvQ

Jet Vol. XXVI No. 16

Published by:
Johnson Publishing Company, American, 1942 - 2019  Search this
Subject of:
Emmett Till, American, 1941 - 1955  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 6 x 4 1/8 in. (15.2 x 10.5 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 23, 1964
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Black Press  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Hate crimes  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Mass media  Search this
U.S. History, 1953-1961  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Elmer J. Whiting, III
Object number:
2011.17.20
Restrictions & Rights:
© Jet Media Group LLC. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5c5127762-44b5-4140-9645-a812fa4611d8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.17.20
Online Media:

Handbill for a speaking engagement of Rev. Morris H. Tynes on Emmett Till

Created by:
Boston NAACP, American, founded 1911  Search this
Subject of:
Emmett Till, American, 1941 - 1955  Search this
Rev. Morris H. Tynes, American  Search this
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, American, founded 1821  Search this
Monumental Baptist Church, American, founded 1919  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 3/8 x 5 3/8 in. (21.3 x 13.7 cm)
Type:
handbills
Place made:
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
October 9, 1955
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
African Methodist Episcopal  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Baptist  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Methodist  Search this
The Black Church  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.46.34.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5133c7d5f-a1a9-4695-87cd-4fbd12aa3a46
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.46.34.1
Online Media:

Flier announcing a public discussion on "Desegregation and the NAACP"

Created by:
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Subject of:
Dr. Allan Knight Chalmers, American, 1897 - 1972  Search this
Edward L. Cooper, American, 1904 - 1998  Search this
Lawrence Graham Brooks, American, 1897 - 1981  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 x 8 1/2 in. (27.9 x 21.6 cm)
Type:
fliers (printed matter)
Place used:
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
May 4, 1956
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American South  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.46.34.10
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd50d9b04e2-1b09-4b89-9cf7-e69de0e499b2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.46.34.10
Online Media:

Handbill advertising a Brotherhood Rally featuring T.R.M. Howard

Created by:
Harvard Society for Minority Rights, American, 1950 - 1959  Search this
Subject of:
Dr. Theodore R. M. Howard, American, 1908 - 1976  Search this
Rev. George W. Lee, American, 1903 - 1955  Search this
Lamar "Ditney" Smith, American, 1892 - 1955  Search this
Emmett Till, American, 1941 - 1955  Search this
Harvard University, American, founded 1636  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 5/8 x 5 5/8 in. (21.9 x 14.3 cm)
Type:
handbills
Place used:
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
February 16, 1956
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American South  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.46.34.15
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5dd6373b9-b9bb-4411-8147-430b90071f06
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.46.34.15
Online Media:

Handbill advertising a Brotherhood Rally featuring T.R.M. Howard

Created by:
Harvard Society for Minority Rights, American, 1950 - 1959  Search this
Subject of:
Dr. Theodore R. M. Howard, American, 1908 - 1976  Search this
Rev. George W. Lee, American, 1903 - 1955  Search this
Lamar "Ditney" Smith, American, 1892 - 1955  Search this
Emmett Till, American, 1941 - 1955  Search this
Harvard University, American, founded 1636  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 5/8 x 5 5/8 in. (21.9 x 14.3 cm)
Type:
handbills
Place used:
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
February 16, 1956
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American South  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.46.34.16
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Advertisements
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd52daac489-702e-443b-a4a1-8fe3506b722f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.46.34.16
Online Media:

Handbill for an Alabama suffrage campaign

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
President Dwight D. Eisenhower, American, 1890 - 1969  Search this
Democratic Party, American, founded 1828  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 13 7/8 x 4 7/8 in. (35.2 x 12.4 cm)
Type:
handbills
Place used:
Alabama, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1956
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Politics  Search this
Suffrage  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.46.34.19
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e5e69946-701d-4585-9919-dfdbff873c47
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.46.34.19
Online Media:

Handbill for a speaking engagement of Rev. Morris H. Tynes on Emmett Till

Created by:
Boston NAACP, American, founded 1911  Search this
Subject of:
Emmett Till, American, 1941 - 1955  Search this
Rev. Morris H. Tynes, American  Search this
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, American, founded 1821  Search this
Monumental Baptist Church, American, founded 1919  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 8 3/8 x 5 3/8 in. (21.3 x 13.7 cm)
Type:
handbills
Place made:
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
October 9, 1955
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
African Methodist Episcopal  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Baptist  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Methodist  Search this
The Black Church  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2012.46.34.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd582a62e74-5a2c-403f-bc61-78f2a861beba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.46.34.2
Online Media:

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