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Model, Space Shuttle, Goodyear Meteor Jr. 3-Stage Fully Reusable Concept

Manufacturer:
Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, Airship Operations  Search this
Materials:
Wood, paint, brass, steel, adhesive, plastic, adhesive decals, plastic, felt
Dimensions:
Overall (with base): 2ft 3in. x 1ft 7in. x 1ft 4in. (68.58 x 48.26 x 40.64cm)
Type:
MODELS-Crewed Spacecraft & Parts
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
Inventory Number:
A19800236000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv972ce1873-e010-4b3a-93b1-a8f3124155b4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19800236000
Online Media:

Helmet, Protective, Type M1917, U.S. Army, American Rocket Society

Materials:
HAZMAT: asbestos; Steel
Dimensions:
3-D (with Chin Strap): 29.2 × 31.1 × 25.4 × 30.5cm, 1.1kg (11 1/2 in. × 1 ft. 1/4 in. × 10 in. × 1 ft., 2.5lb.)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Helmets & Headwear
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
ca. 1917-1918, ARS Use, ca. 1934-1941
Credit Line:
Gift of G. Edward Pendray
Inventory Number:
A19680216000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv944a21afc-06ee-4c0a-afee-ad96561dc8e0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19680216000
Online Media:

Rocket Motor, Liquid Fuel, James H. Wyld, Serial No. 2

Manufacturer:
James Hart Wyld  Search this
Materials:
Cooling jacket, steel; rods and bolts, steel; retainer rings (two), Chrome-plated steel; propellant inlet,, non-ferrous, Chrome-plated; B-nut, brass; top fixture (ignitor unit), probably brass; nozzle nut, brass; nozzle, proper, non-ferrous
Dimensions:
3-D: 24.1 × 14 × 8.9cm, 1.8kg (9 1/2 × 5 1/2 × 3 1/2 in., 4lb.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Rocket Engines
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1942
Credit Line:
Gift of Aerojet General Corporation
Inventory Number:
A19680226000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9fe7423af-1d32-40ef-819a-a10afc38f215
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19680226000
Online Media:

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Photo Album

Creator:
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics  Search this
Extent:
0.18 Cubic feet (1 flatbox)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Date:
Circa 1945-1959
Summary:
This collection consists a photo album containing black and white photographs of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) library, archives, and museum.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists a photo album containing black and white photographs of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) library, archives, and museum. Lester D. Gardner is shown on page 10. The album measures approximately 9.5 by 11.75 inches and features accordian-style pages.
Arrangement:
Collection is a single item.
Biographical / Historical:
The Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences (IAS) was established in 1933 and the organization's first secretary, Lester D. Gardner, immediately began collecting aeronautical artifacts for a museum. These artifacts were primarily displayed in offices until 1945 when the museum collection was displayed in a dedicated but limited space in the organization's library and archives. In 1959, space was expanded in the library for technology information, and the majority of the museum's artifacts were kept in storage. Many of these artifacts later became part of the national collection at the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) through the efforts of Paul Garber, former NASM Head Curator and Senior Historian and later Assistant Director of Aeronautics.

The Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences (IAS) went through several organizational changes over the years. The group changed its name to the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) in 1960. Because of the changing nature of propulsion technology into missile, rocket, and space technology, in 1963 AIAA merged with the American Rocket Society (formerly known as the American Interplanetary Society (AIS)), which had been created in 1930.
Provenance:
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), Gift, date unknown, NASM.XXXX.0798.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums
Citation:
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Photo Album, NASM.XXXX.0798, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0798
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg293c752c3-e91b-4bd5-a18f-d5fce3373f3f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0798
Online Media:

Missile away! New Mexico-West Texas Section, American Rocket Society

Issuing body:
American Rocket Society New Mexico-West Texas Section.  Search this
Author:
American Rocket Society New Mexico-West Texas Section  Search this
Subject:
American Rocket Society New Mexico-West Texas Section  Search this
Physical description:
4 volumes illustrations 22-29 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1954
1957
1954-1957
Topic:
Rocketry  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1081118

The Future and Potentialities of Rocket Propulsion, C.W. Chillson, presented at the installation meeting of the northeastern New York section of the American Rocket Society (ARS), Schenectady, New York

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1952 May 13
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 6: Speeches
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg232971969-1483-4921-903e-2e7cf8ddbeda
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref118

The Earth Satellite Program and its Implications, Richard Porter, Princeton section, American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1956 June 2
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 6: Speeches
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21bc722c3-0247-44d8-a3cf-99201ae2a6ed
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref123

The Use of Rockets and Satellites as Tools for Aero-Space Research During the International Geophysical Year, American Rocket Society Meeting, Cincinnati, Ohio

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1960 April 12-13
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 6: Speeches
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27ae0e766-4891-4b3e-8d46-0f74127e0bee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref142

American Rocket Society (ARS), 7th Annual Honors Night Dinner, New York, New York

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 14, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 8: Brochures, Pamphlets and Programs
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2323f1941-8eae-4abc-9c38-dccca4f61f3c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref172

Correspondence and memoranda, American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1952-1953
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2dd40c155-f449-461a-8ef8-f7e9f3692716
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref20

Correspondence and memoranda, American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1953-1954
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22b92db2f-d785-42df-8634-0e345fea03d0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref23

Correspondence and memoranda, American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1954
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2f2f4aeae-d5d2-489b-88f3-af45b9d6a7e1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref24

Correspondence and memoranda, American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1954
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg20d5bed24-d1d8-45e5-b95a-494ac0f5f249
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref25

Correspondence and memoranda, American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1954
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2c5b1bd4b-c2bb-49ba-907b-cd2bad51b8f4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref26

Correspondence and memoranda, American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1954
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a33d3b00-b173-4b18-b6e9-424c9d60b480
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref27

American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1960
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 4: Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a42936dc-da76-49bd-bc61-1948eac86769
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref77

American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1960
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 4: Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2284249eb-c8b5-4341-a4ec-736a41dd4db2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref78

American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1960
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 4: Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2c86f6ced-58f4-421d-8153-e8d725f82be1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref79

American Rocket Society (ARS)

Collection Creator:
Porter, Richard W. (Richard William), 1913-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1960
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
See more items in:
Richard Porter Papers
Richard Porter Papers / Series 4: Reports
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a10e2947-1c9f-4922-aae4-f8fcaa37ed74
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1997-0037-ref80

Robert C. Truax Collection

Creator:
Truax, Robert Collins, 1917-2010  Search this
Extent:
11.99 Cubic feet
12.95 Linear feet (21 Legal Size Boxes, 1 Slim Legal Size, 3 Shoe Boxes, 1 Flat Box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1929-2005
bulk 1980-2000
Summary:
Robert Truax was one of the great originals of American rocketry and a major proponent and inventor of ultra-low-cost rocket engine and vehicle concepts.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to the career of Robert Collins Truax including correspondence, photographic material, technical drawings, technical manuals and reports, presentation and conference materials, papers by Truax, news clippings, published materials and business records for Truax Engineering, Inc.

Projects and programs referenced in this collection include the Knievel Rocket Car (Truax X-2 Sky-Cycle); X-3 Volksrocket; amphibious launchers, including the "Sea Dragon," "Sea Horse," and SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket); the Space Shuttle program; the Gemini and Apollo programs; Rocketdyne LR89 Liquid-Fuel Motors; Rand Project; the Corona Reconnaissance Satellite; and Project Private Enterprise.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains audio-visual material. These items are not included in the finding aid but the NASM audio-visual archivist can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
This collection was arranged into series by the processing archivist. There was no original order when the collection was received.

Series 1: Personal & Business Papers

Series 2: Papers Authored by R.C. Truax

Series 3: Drawings

Series 4: Images

4:1 - Slides

4:2 - Photos, Negatives & Floppy Discs
Acronyms:
Numerous acronyms were used by the creator when labeling his file units. Some will be obvious to the researcher but the archivist has identified some acronyms that might be more unclear. Not all acronyms were able to be identified.

AFRL - Air Force Research Lab

ATD - Advanced Technology Development

BAA - possibly Broad Agency Announcement

BMDO - Ballistic Missile Defense Organization

CDRL - Contract Data Requirements List?

CPAI - Chemical Propulsion Information Agency

ITAR - International Traffic in Arms Regulations

KACST - King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology

MSFC - Marshall Space Flight Center

PMRF - Pacific Missile Range Facility

RSLP - Rocket Systems Launch Program

SEALAR - Sea Launch & Recovery

TEI - Truax Engineering Inc.

TPIPT - Technology Planning Integrated Product Teams
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Truax (1917-2010) was one of the great originals of American rocketry and a major proponent and inventor of ultra-low-cost rocket engine and vehicle concepts. A longtime member of the American Rocket Society (serving as its president in 1957,) He received the Robert H. Goddard award for outstanding work in liquid propellant rockets as well as the Legion of Merit citation for his conceptual work on making the "Polaris" guided-missile submarine a primary naval weapon. Truax was also inducted into the Air Force Space and Missile Pioneers Hall of Fame in 2003.

Inspired by Robert Goddard, Truax began building rockets when he was a teenager in California. From 1936 to 1939, while enrolled at the United States Naval Academy, he tested liquid-fueled rocket motors. During the late 1940s, he organized the US Naval Missile Test Center's propulsion laboratory at Point Mugu, California, and headed rocket development within the Navy's Bureau of Aeronotics where he advanced the concept of a staged combustion system upon which the Space Shuttle's main engines would eventually rely. In 1946, Truax led a team that interrogated the rocket engineer for Nazi Germany, Wernher von Braun.

By 1955, however, his proposal for a submarine-launched ballistic missile had failed to win Navy approval and he joined the Air Force's newly established Western Development Division (WDD) From 1955 to 1958, Captain Truax headed the Thor intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) development program. Truax studied the sea launching of rockets, such as the Sea Bee and Sea Horse projects. In 1959 he retired as a Captain, and headed the Aerojet-General Advanced Development Division and Aerojet's Sea Dragon project in the Advanced Development Division until leaving in 1967. In 1966 Robert Truax founded Truax Engineering Inc. (TEI,) which studied sea launch concepts similar to the earlier Sea Dragon—the Excalibur, the SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket,) and the Excalibur S. Here his low-cost booster program plan was elaborated and further studied, but he was again unable to interest NASA or the USAF in the concept of cheap access to space.

In the 70's and early 80's, Truax, heretofore prominent in scientific communities, emerged in popular culture. Literally building rockets from his own backyard in Saratoga, Truax built both of Evel Knievel's "Skycycles" for his 1974 for attempt to jump the Snake River Canyon. He later competed in the original X-prize competition to send a private astronaut into suborbital flight.

Robert Truax, died on September 17 aged 93, as a key figure in the rocket research that took America into the space age, while also being an inspiration to the do-it-yourself, back-yard amateur.
Provenance:
Truax Estate, gift, 2016
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Truax X-3 Volksrocket  Search this
SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket)  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Manned space flight  Search this
Space Shuttle Program (U.S.)  Search this
Kneival Rocket Car (Truax X-2 Sky-Cycle)  Search this
Rocketry  Search this
RAND  Search this
North American Aviation, Inc. Rocketdyne Division  Search this
Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0008
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2263b6530-2539-40a0-9d6a-78b8f3e274e8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0008
Online Media:

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