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Portrait of Russell Means

Artist:
Andy Warhol, 6 Aug 1928 - 22 Feb 1987  Search this
Sitter:
Russell Means, 10 Nov 1939 - 22 Oct 2012  Search this
Medium:
Acrylic and silkscreen on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 213.3 × 178.5cm (84 × 70 1/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1977
Topic:
Russell Means: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Russell Means: Male  Search this
Russell Means: Literature\Writer  Search this
Russell Means: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Russell Means: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
L/NPG.4.2015
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Exhibition:
The Struggle for Justice
On View:
NPG, West Gallery 220
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d9e4dbf5-803e-4344-b60c-c15f0cff34ec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_L_NPG.4.2015

Settler city limits Indigenous resurgence and colonial violence in the urban Prairie West edited by Heather Dorries (Carleton University), Robert Henry (University of Calgary), David Hugill (Carleton University), Tyler McCreary (Florida State University), and Julie Tomiak (Ryerson University)

Editor:
Dorries, Heather 1979-  Search this
Henry, Robert 1980-  Search this
Hugill, David 1981-  Search this
McCreary, Tyler  Search this
Tomiak, Julie 1976-  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource
Type:
Electronic resources
Electronic books
Place:
Prairie Provinces
Date:
2019
Topic:
Social conflict  Search this
Native peoples  Search this
Native peoples--Urban residence  Search this
Native activists  Search this
Native peoples--Violence against  Search this
Native peoples--Social conditions  Search this
Native peoples--Government relations  Search this
Ethnic relations  Search this
Call number:
E78.P7 S48 2019 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
1-user
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1145198

Our history is the future Standing Rock versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the long tradition of Indigenous resistance Nick Estes

Title:
Standing Rock versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the long tradition of Indigenous resistance
Author:
Estes, Nick  Search this
Physical description:
310 pages illustrations, maps 22 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
North Dakota
United States
Standing Rock Indian Reservation
Standing Rock- Indianerreservation
Date:
2019
Topic:
Indians of North America--Land tenure  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Petroleum pipelines  Search this
Environmental justice  Search this
Indian activists  Search this
Environmental protection--Citizen participation  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations--History  Search this
Red Power movement  Search this
Protest movements  Search this
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Studies  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Erdölgewinnung  Search this
Sozialer Konflikt  Search this
Umweltschaden  Search this
Native americans--Politics and government  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1111770

A journey to freedom : Richard Oakes, Alcatraz, and the Red Power movement / Kent Blansett

Author:
Blansett, Kent  Search this
Subject:
American Indian Movement History  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 392 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Biographies
Place:
Alcatraz Island (Calif.)
Date:
2018
Indian occupation, 1969-1971
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107451

Reuben Snake papers

Writer of accompanying material:
Snake, Reuben, 1937-1993  Search this
Names:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
National Tribal Chairmen's Association  Search this
Native American Church of North America  Search this
Extent:
1.25 Linear feet (3 archival boxes)
Culture:
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Writings
Biographies
Obituaries
Correspondence
Biography files
Interviews
Reports
Date:
1970-1996
Summary:
The Reuben A. Snake, Jr. Papers, located in the Cultural Resource Center of the National Museum of the American Indian, contain writings, correspondence, biographical materials, and written materials relating to the Native American Church which document the literary and political activities of this Winnebago tribal leader.
Scope and Contents:
The Reuben Snake Papers encompass original writings by Snake, correspondence, biographical materials, and written materials relating to Reuben's activism on behalf of the Native American Church.

Also included in this collection are video and audio tapes that contain interviews, talks, radio broadcasts, and other orally and visually transmitted items. These materials have been transferred to the NMAI Media Archives. All photographs have been transferred to the NMAI Photo Archives.
Arrangement:
The Reuben Snake papers are divided into four series:

Series 1, Writings, (undated, 1972-1993),

Series 2, Correspondence (undated, 1982-1996),

Series 3, Biographical (undated, 1985-1996),

Series 4, Native American Church (1971-1993)
Biographical / Historical:
Reuben A. Snake, Jr. was born January 12, 1937 at Winnebago, Nebraska, the youngest child of Reuben Harold and Virginia Greyhair Snake. Reuben's mother divorced her husband and later remarried, but Reuben's early life was fraught with hardships, including a period of separation from his parents and siblings. When the family's financial situation improved, parents and children were able to reunite and eventually settled in Hastings, Minnesota.

Reuben entered Haskell Institute in Lawrence, Kansas, in 1950 but later dropped out due to problems with alcohol. He joined the Army in 1956, from which he was honorably discharged, and two years later he married Kathy McKee, with whom he raised four daughters and two sons. In 1965 he quit drinking.

Reuben was active in the American Indian Movement (AIM) in the 1970s and organized many demonstrations during his tenure as national chairman of that organization. After being elected chairman of the Winnebago tribe, Reuben reorganized the tribe, centralizing its administration and improving funding and accountability. Reuben was involved with educational issues as well, serving on education committees for the National Congress of American Indians and the National Tribal Chairman's Association. He worked both nationally and internationally to help make more widely known issues of Indian health, education, and religious freedom.

Reuben began to renew his spiritual and cultural ties with the Native American Church in the 1970s and eventually became a Roadman for the church. With the help of Senator Daniel Inouye from Hawaii he fought judicial battles to legalize the importation of peyote from Mexico for use in sacramental ceremonies. In 1990, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that the sacred use of peyote was not protected by the Constitution, Reuben became the official spokesperson for the Native American Church to educate the public about church philosophy and history. He organized the Native American Religious Freedom Project to lobby for national legislation what would amend and strengthen the American Indian Religious Freedom Act.

Reuben had suffered a major heart attack in 1986, and by the early 1990s, his health was deteriorating. He died on June 28, 1993. Reuben did not live to see the results of his hard work on behalf of Native American religious freedom, Amendments to the American Indian Religious Freedom Act, which President Clinton signed into law in October, 1994. These amendments protected the religious use of peyote by Indians.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Kathy Snake in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the Archivist of the National Museum of the American Indian. Please submit a written request to NMAIArchives@si.edu. Copyright vested in Reuben A. Snake, Jr. has not passed to the National Museum of the American Indian; researchers are responsible for determining any other copyright questions.
Topic:
Peyote  Search this
Function:
American Indian Movement
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Writings
Biographies
Obituaries
Correspondence
Biography files
Interviews
Reports
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Reuben A. Snake, Jr. Papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.012
See more items in:
Reuben Snake papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-012

Resurrection City: Untitled

Photograph by:
Jill Freedman, American, born 1939  Search this
Subject of:
Poor People's Campaign, American, 1967 - 1968  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin and photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 12 15/16 × 9 7/8 in. (32.9 × 25.1 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 14 × 10 7/8 in. (35.5 × 27.7 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1968; printed September 2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Poverty  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2017.81.13
Restrictions & Rights:
© Jill Freedman
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
Resurrection City
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd571c1955b-21c0-4dfe-89db-cd92d5a6407a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.81.13
Online Media:

Photographic slide of the Poor People's Campaign

Photograph by:
Robert Houston, American, born 1935  Search this
Subject of:
Poor People's Campaign, American, 1967 - 1968  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Unidentified Child or Children  Search this
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Black Star, American, founded 1935  Search this
Created by:
Rogers Color Laboratory Corp., American, 1964 - 1996  Search this
Medium:
reversal film and cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W: 1 15/16 × 1 15/16 in. (4.9 × 4.9 cm)
Type:
color slides
portraits
Place depicted:
National Mall, Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
May 21, 1968 - June 23, 1968
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Housing  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Photography  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
Poverty  Search this
United States--History--1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2015.245.158
Restrictions & Rights:
© Robert Houston
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd562d6b5e6-9f20-4ad6-9b2f-9958d2f67801
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.245.158
Online Media:

Flier advertising rally to make May 1st Anti-Apartheid Day

Created by:
Pan African Students Organization in the Americas, American, 1960 - 1977  Search this
Subject of:
People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, Angolan, founded 1956  Search this
General Motors Corporation, founded 1908  Search this
President Gerald Rudolph Ford, American, 1913 - 2006  Search this
Henry Alfred Kissinger, German, American, born 1923  Search this
South West Africa People's Organization, Namibian, founded 1960  Search this
Saths Cooper, South African, born 1950  Search this
Lindane Myeza, Angolan, founded 1952  Search this
Mosiuosa Lekota, South African, born 1948  Search this
Nkwenkwe Nkomo, Angolan, born 1952  Search this
Nchaupe Mokoape, South African, born 1944  Search this
Pandelani Nefolovhodwe, South African, born 1947  Search this
Strini Moodley, South African, 1946 - 2006  Search this
Solly Ismael  Search this
Gaboroni Sedibe, born 1951  Search this
Aron Muchimba, Namibian, 1946 - 2014  Search this
Andreas Nangolo, Namibian  Search this
Hendrik Shikongo, Namibian  Search this
Rauna Namibinga, Namibian  Search this
Naimi Nombowo, Nambibian  Search this
Anna Ngaihondjwa, Namibian  Search this
South African Student Organisation, South African, 1968 - 1977  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Sheet): 11 × 8 1/2 in. (27.9 × 21.6 cm)
Type:
fliers (printed matter)
Place used:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Angola, Central Africa, Africa
Namibia, Africa
South Africa, Africa
Zimbabwe, Africa
Date:
1970s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Africa  Search this
Black power  Search this
Decolonization  Search this
International affairs  Search this
Multilingual communication  Search this
United States--History--1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2015.97.27.119
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5144fefb8-dea7-417a-b93c-1d9510c3c15c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.97.27.119
Online Media:

Poster for The Longest Walk

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
American Indian Movement, American, founded 1968  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 21 7/8 × 16 15/16 in. (55.5 × 43 cm)
Type:
political posters
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1978
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Politics (Practical)  Search this
United States--History--1969-2001  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Anonymous Gift
Object number:
2014.183.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera-Political and Activist Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd500050dd6-2909-460c-9b12-5a17d71a958b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.183.3
Online Media:

Drum, amplifier, and accessories

Culture/People:
Pan-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
David Hill, Oklahoma Choctaw  Search this
Donor:
David Hill, Oklahoma Choctaw  Search this
Donor agent:
John D. O'Connell, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Drum, amplifier, and accessories
Media/Materials:
Wood, cowhide, cotton cloth, plastic-coated wire, rope
Techniques:
Carved, painted, aboriginally repaired
Dimensions:
63.9 x 69.2 x 45.8 cm
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
USA
Date created:
1960-1970
Catalog Number:
26/5803
Barcode:
265803.000
See related items:
Pan-Indian
Music and Sound
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68510cb9a-201e-4043-99d6-1ea5570f7fb2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_282030
Online Media:

Button

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Cheri L. Botic, Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
Cheri L. Botic, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Button
Media/Materials:
Metal, plastic
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
1.0 x 6.0 cm
Object Type:
Advertising/Logo items
Place:
Ohio; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1995-1999
Catalog Number:
26/8022
Barcode:
268022.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Advertising/Logo items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bb0a5683-5d69-45b1-84f4-5e0da46d964b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_389207
Online Media:

"Where Two Waters Come Together": The Confluence of Black and Indigenous History at Bdote

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 25 Aug 2020 20:25:01 +0000
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more posts:
Blog Feed
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_cedbddc9f71bf94899f378d144fabd50

Guide to the Beatrice Medicine papers

Creator:
Medicine, Beatrice  Search this
Extent:
28 Linear feet (65 document boxes, 1 box of oversize materials, 1 box of ephemera, 1 shoebox of index cards, 1 map drawer)
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Native American  Search this
American Indian -- Education  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Place:
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota
Date:
1914, 1932-1949, 1952-2003 (bulk dates, 1945-2003).
Summary:
The Beatrice Medicine papers, 1913-2003 (bulk 1945-2003), document the professional life of Dr. Beatrice "Bea" Medicine (1923-2005), a member of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe, anthropologist, scholar, educator, and Native rights activist. The collection also contains material collected by or given to Medicine to further her research and activism interests. Medicine, whose Lakota name was Hinsha Waste Agli Win, or "Returns Victorious with a Red Horse Woman," focused her research on a variety of topics affecting the Native American community: 1) mental health, 2) women's issues, 3) bilingual education, 4) alcohol and drug use, 5) ethno-methodologies and research needs of Native Americans, and 6) Children and identity issues. The collection represents Medicine's work as an educator for universities and colleges in the United States and in Canada, for which she taught Native American Studies courses. Additionally, because of the large amount of research material and Medicine's correspondence with elected U.S. officials and Native American leaders, and records from Medicine's involvement in Native American organizations, the collection serves to represent issues affecting Native Americans during the second half of the 20th century, and reflects what Native American leaders and organizations did to navigate and mitigate those issues. Collection materials include correspondence; committee, conference, and teaching material; ephemera; manuscripts and poetry; maps; notes; periodicals; photographs; training material; and transcripts.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Beatrice Medicine reflect Medicine's interests as an academic and an activist, and contain correspondence, committee, conference, and teaching material, ephemera, manuscripts and poetry, maps, notes, periodicals, photographs, and training material (see series scope notes for further details on contents). The majority of the material is printed matter that Medicine collected, with less of her own work included. Taken together, the collection reflects issues affecting Native Americans during the second half of the 20th century, as well as the network of Native American leaders and organizations that navigated these issues. Student papers, letters of recommendation, evaluations, and documents containing personally identifiable information are restricted.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into 24 series:

Series 1: Native American Culture and History, 1954-1962, 1967-1975, 1978-1989, 1991-1997, 1999-2002

Series 2: Appropriations, Economics, and Labor, 1955, circa 1970-1980, 1988, 1993, circa 1995-2000

Series 3: Archaeology, 1935-1950, 1952-1973, 1987-1995

Series 4: Native American Artists, Authors, Crafts, Film, and Poets, 1951-1969, 1972-2002

Series 5: Census, Demographic, and Poll Data, 1974, 1984-1986

Series 6: Civil Rights, 1972, 1980, 1983-1997

Series 7: Committee Material: Correspondence, Meeting Minutes, and Memos, 1985-1995

Series 8: Conference Material, 1955-1962, 1965, 1968-1974, 1976-2002

Series 9: Correspondence, 1952, 1959, 1962, 1966-2000

Series 10: Education: Native American Institutions and Teaching Material, 1948-2002

Series 11: Ephemera: Campaign, Pow-Wow, and Other Event Buttons, and Calendars, 1973, 1976, circa 1980-2000

Series 12: Health: Alcohol and Drug Addiction and Recovery, Disabilities, Healthcare, Mental Health, Nutrition, and Wellness, 1955, 1965, 1969-1999, 2004

Series 13: Historic Preservation, 1942, 1956, 1960-1969, 1979, circa 1985-1998

Series 14: Invitations, 1966-1979, 1982, 1991-2002

Series 15: Linguistics: Native American Languages, 1961, 1963, 1975, 1978-1981, 1987-1995

Series 16: Manuscripts, 1964-2003

Series 17: Maps, 1982-1991

Series 18: Museum Material: Native American Museums, Exhibit Preparation, and the National Museum of the American Indian, 1949, 1962, circa 1976-1998

Series 19: Oversized Material, 1962, circa 1965-1996, 1999

Series 20: Published material: Journals, Magazines, Monographs, and Newsletters, 1914, 1932, 1944, 1946-1947, 1952-2003

Series 21: Reports, 1947-1949, 1956-1998

Series 22: Training Material, 1968, 1988-2000

Series 23: Women and Gender, 1962, 1965, circa 1970-1997

Series 24: Restricted Material, 1972, 1978, 1987-1999
Biographical / Historical:
A member of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe, Beatrice "Bea" Medicine—also known by her Lakota name Hinsha Waste Agli Win, or "Returns Victorious with a Red Horse Woman"—was born on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in Wakpala, South Dakota on August 1, 1923.

As a young adult, she studied at the South Dakota State University on the Laverne Noyes Scholarship, where she attained her B.A. in Anthropology in 1945. Between 1945 and 1951, Medicine worked a variety of teaching positions, including for three American Indian institutions (see Chronology for Medicine's complete work history). In 1951, Medicine went back to school and worked as a research assistant until she earned her master's degree in Sociology and Anthropology from Michigan State University in 1954. For the remainder of her life, Medicine served as faculty, visiting professor, and scholar-in-residence at thirty-one universities and colleges in the United States and Canada, teaching cultural and educational anthropology courses, as well as Native American Studies. As an educator, Medicine carried out her research on a variety of issues affecting Native American and First Nation communities, including: 1) mental health issues, 2) women's issues—professionalization, sterilization, socialization, and aging, 3) bilingual education, 4) alcohol and drug use and abuse, 5) ethno-methodologies and research needs, and 6) socialization of children and identity needs. Medicine's research in American Indian women's and children's issues, as well as her research in gender identity among the LGBT community was among the first to document the narratives of the members of these groups.

In 1974, Medicine testified alongside her cousin, Vine Deloria, Jr., as an expert witness in the Wounded Knee trial (United States v. Banks and Means). Following this, Medicine returned to school to pursue her Ph.D. in Cultural Anthropology, which she completed in 1983 at the University of Wisconsin. With her experience as a researcher, educator, activist, and Lakota woman, medicine sought to create more opportunities for multicultural and bilingual education for minority students, especially those of Native American descent. Such education, she believed, provided students a means to preserve and legitimize their own cultural identity, debase negative stereotyes, and be recognized as individuals who are capable of academic and economic achievement.

Medicine was an active member of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) and pursued her educational agenda further through the establishment of the Committee of Anthropologists in Primarily Minority Institutions (CAPMI) (1987-1995), which brought anthropologists out of retirement to teach at minority institutions. (See Chronology for a complete list of organizations and committees in which Medicine was involved.) The program was short-lived but provided a space for minority students to confront a field that historically misrepresented them, reclaim their narratives and languages, and instigate positive change as potential future anthropologists.

Medicine officially retired on August 1, 1989, but continued to be active in AAA and was honored many times for her contributions to the field of anthropology. Some of her recognitions include the Distinguished Service Award from AAA (1991) and the Bronislaw Malinowski Award from the Society for Applied Anthropology (1996). One of Medicine's highest honors, however, was serving as the Sacred Pipe Woman at the 1977 Sun Dance. Medicine continued her research into retirement, and went on to publish her first book in 2001, Learning to Be an Anthropologist and Remaining "Native": Selected Writings. Medicine died in Bismarck, North Dakota on December 19, 2005. Medicine's final work, Drinking and Sobriety Among the Lakota Sioux was published posthumously in 2006. In honor of her life's work and dedication to education, the Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA) created the Bea Medicine Award, a scholarship travel grant for students to attend the Annual Meeting of the SfAA.

Chronology: Beatrice Medicine

1923 August 1 -- Beatrice Medicine (also known by her Lakota name, Hinsha Waste Agli Win, or "Returns Victorious with a Red Horse Woman") is born on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in Wakpala, South Dakota.

1941-1945 -- Receives scholarship: Laverne Noyes Scholarship, South Dakota State University

1945 -- Receives Bachelor of Arts, Anthropology, South Dakota State University.

1945-1946 -- Teacher, Home Economics, Haskell Indian Institute (B.I.A.)

1947-1948 -- Health Education Lecturer, Michigan Tuberculosis Association

1948-1949 -- Teacher, Santo Domingo Pueblo, United Pueblos Agency, Albuquerque, New Mexico

1949-1950 -- Teacher, Navajo Adult Beginner's Program, Albuquerque Indian School

1950-1951 -- Teacher, Home Economics, Flandreau Indian School

1950-1954 -- Fellowship: Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs Fellowships

1951-1954 -- Research Assistant, Sociology and Anthropology, Michigan State University

1953-1954 -- Fellowship: John Hay Whitney Foundation Fellowship

1954 -- Receives Master of Arts, Sociology and Anthropology, Michigan State University. Fellowship: American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship

1954- -- Charter Member, American Indian Women's Service League

1955-1958 -- Teaching and Research Assistant, University of Washington

1956 -- Honor: Outstanding Alumna, South Dakota State University

1960 -- Mentioned as "Who's Who Among American Indians"

circa 1960 -- Alpha Kappa Delta, Sociology Hononary Phi Upsilon Omicron, Home Economic Honorary

1960-1963 -- Lecturer, Anthropology, University of British Columbia

1960-1964 -- Board of Directors, Native Urban Indian Centers in Vancouver, British Columbia and Calgary, Alberta

1963-1964 -- Lecturer/Sociology and Teacher/Counselor, Mount Royal College, Indian Affairs Branch Receives grant: American Council of Learned Societies Research Grant

1965 -- Lecturer, Social Science, Michigan State University

1966 -- Psychiatric Social Worker, Provincial Guidance Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

1966-1967 -- Receives grant: Career Development Grant, National Institute of Mental Health

1966- -- Member, National Congress of American Indians (Education Issues)

1967 -- Receives grant: Ethnological Research Grant, National Museum of Canada

1967-1968 -- Lecturer, Sociology and Anthropology, University of Montana

1968 -- Teacher, "Cultural Enrichment Program," Standing Rock Indian Reservation, South Dakota Cited in "The Role of Racial Minorities in the United States," Seattle, Washington

1968 March -- Speaker: "The Pow-Wow as a Social Factor in the Northern Plains Ceremonialism," Montana Academy of Sciences

1968 May -- Speaker: "Patterns and Periphery of Plains Indian Pow-Wows," Central States Anthropological Society

1968 June -- Speaker: "Magic Among the Stoney Indians," Canadian Sociology and Anthropological Association, Calgary, Alberta

1968 August -- Speaker: "Magic Among the Stoney Indians," International Congress of Americanists, Stuttgart, German Speaker: "The Dynamics of a Dakota Indian Giveaway," International Congress of Americanists, Stuttgart, German

1968-1969 -- Director, American Indian Research, Oral History Project and Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of South Dakota

1968-1970 -- Consultant, Text Book Evaluation Committee, American Indians United

1969 -- Assistant Professor, Teacher Corps, University of Nebraska

1969 September -- Speaker: "The Red Man Yesterday," Governor's Interstate Indian Council, Wichita, Kansas

1969 December -- Speaker: "The Native American in Modern Society," Northwestern State College

1969-1970 -- Assistant Professor, San Francisco State University Speaker: "The Indian in Institutions of Higher Learning," Annual Conference, National Indian Education Association

1969-1975 -- Member, Editorial Board, American Indian Historical Society

1970 -- Mentioned for second time as "Who's Who Among American Indians" Steering Committee Member, Indian Ecumenical Convocation of North America Member, Planning Committee Indian Alcoholism and Drug Use

1970 August -- Speaker: "The Role of the White Indian Expert," 2nd Annual Conference, National Indian Education Association

1970 October -- Speaker: "The Ethnographic Study of Indian Women," Annual Convention, American Ethnohistorical Soceity

1970 November -- Speaker: "The Anthropologists as the Indian's Image Maker," Annual Meeting, American Anthropological Association Speaker: "The Anthropologist and Ethnic Studies Programs," Annual Meeting, American Anthropological Association

1970-1971 -- Associate Professor, Anthropology, San Francisco State University Member, Mayor's Committee on the Status of Women, San Francisco, California

1971 -- Member, Native American Scholars Board, Steering and Selection, American Indian Historical Society

1971 May -- Speaker: "Ethnic Studies and Native Americans," National Education Association

1971-1973 -- Pre-Doctoral Lecturer, Anthropology, University of Washington Consultant, American Indian Heritage Program

1972 -- Honored in "Potlatch" ceremony by Makah Tribal people at the National Indian Education Conference for contributions to Indian education Receives grant: American Council of Learned Societies Travel Grant, Americanist Annual Meeting, Rome, Italy Curriculum Advisor, Lakota Higher Education Center, Prine Ridge, South Dakota

1972 March -- Speaker: "Warrior Women Societies," Northwest Anthropological Conference

1972 April -- Chairperson and Speaker: "Racism and Ethnic Relations," Society for Applied Anthropology

1972 June -- Chairperson, Native American Studies Symposium, International Congress of Americanists, Mexico

1972 August -- Speaker: "Warrior Women of the Plains," International Congress of Americanists, Rome, Italy

1972 November -- Speaker: "Native Americans in the Modern World," Southwest Minnesota State College

1973 -- Expert Witness, Yvonne Wanro Trial, Spokane, Washington Member, Organization of American States, First Congress of Indigenous Women, Chiapas, Mexico Speaker: "Self-Direction in Sioux Education," American Anthropological Association Speaker: "North American Native Women: The Aspirations and Their Associations," presented as a Delegate to the Inter-American Commission on Indigenous Women, Chiapas, Mexico

1973-1974 -- Visiting Professor, Anthropology, Native American Studies Program, Dartmouth College

1973-1976 -- Member, Committee on Minorities in Anthropology, American Anthropological Association

1973- -- Consultant, Human Services Department, Sinte Gleska Community College

1974 -- Expert Witness, Wounded Knee Trial, Lincoln, Nebraska Speaker: "Indian Women's Roles: Traditional and Contemporary," Annual Meeting, American Anthropological Association

1974-1975 -- Visiting Professor, Anthropology, Colorado College

1975-1976 -- Visiting Associate Professor, Anthropology, Stanford University

1975-1977 -- Member, Steering Committee, Council of Anthropology and Education, American Anthropological Association

1976 -- Visiting Professor, Educational Anthropology, University of New Brunswick Expert Witness, Topsky Eagle Feathers Trial, Pocatello, Idaho Panelist, White House Conference on Ethnic Studies, Washington, D.C.

1977 -- Expert Witness, Greybull Grandchildren Custody Case, Portland, Oregon American Indian representative to the World Conference on Indigenous People, Geneva, Switzerland Honor: Outstanding Alumna, South Dakota State University

1977 August 18 -- Medicine serves as Sacred Pipe Woman at the Sun Dance, Green Grass, South Dakota

1977-1980 -- Education Consultant, National Congress of American Indians, Washington, D.C.

1978 -- Cited in the Directory of Significant 20th Century American Minority Women, Gaylord Professional Publications Biographical Sketch in "Moving Forward" of the Bookmark Reading Program, Third Edition

1978 August -- Speaker: "Issues in the Professionalization of Native American Women," Annual Meeting, American Psychological Association

1978-1982 -- Advanced Opportunity Fellow, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison

1979 -- Visiting Professor, Department of Education Policy Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison

1979 August -- Honorary Doctorate of Human Letters, Northern Michigan University Speaker: "The Dakota Indian Memorial Feast: Reservation and Urban Manifestations," International Congress of Americanists, Lima, Peru

1980 -- Member, Nominations Committee, American Anthropological Association Biographical Sketch in "Native American Indian Personalities, Historical and Contemporary," Dansville, New York: The Instructor Publications, Inc.

1981 -- Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Public Affairs, University of Washington-Seattle Speaker: "Linguistically Marginated: The Transformation of Dominated Speech Varieties," American Anthropological Association

1982 -- School of Social and Behavioral Science Academic Planning, California State University Speaker: "Policy Decisions: Federal Regulations and American Indian Identity Issues," Annual Meeting, American Anthropological Association

1982-1983 -- Anthropology Department Curriculum Committee, California State University

1982-1985 -- Associate Professor of Anthropology, Coordinator, Interdisciplinary Program in American Indian Studies, California State University Coordinator, Interdisciplinary Program in American Studies Program, California State University

1982- -- President, Assembly of California Indian Women

1983 -- Receives Ph.D., Cultural Anthropology, University of Wisconsin Expert Witness, Fortunate Eagle Trial, Reno, Nevada Award: Outstanding Woman of Color, National Institute of Women of Color, Washingtonton, D.C. (for anthropological contributions) Award: Outstanding Minority Researcher, American Educational Research Association Publishes book with Patricia Albers: The Hidden Half: Indian Women of the Northern Plains Honor: Significant Academic Book (The Hidden Half), Choice, Association of Colleges and Research Libraries, American Library Association

1983-1984 -- Student Affirmative Action Coordinating Council, California State University

1983-1986 -- Member, Executive Board, Southwest Anthropological Association Member, Governing Board, Common Cause

1984 -- Member, Advisory Board of National Research for Handicapped Native Americans, North Arizona University Scholarly Publications Award Selection Committee, California State University Award: Faculty Award for Meritorious Service, California State University Speaker: Field Work Methods: "Ties That Bond," Committee on the Status of Women in Anthropology," Annual Meeting, American Anthropological Association Speaker: "Career Patterns of American Indian Women," Council of Education and Anthropology, Annual Meeting, American Anthropological Association

1984 November -- Faculty Award for Meritorious Service, California State University

1984-1985 -- Participant, Chancellor's Office Grant to "Cross-Cultural Perspectives in the Social Sciences," California State University

1985 November -- Speaker: Conference on "The Native American: His Arts, His Culture, and His History," West Virginia State College

1985-1986 -- Board of Directors, Naechi Institute on Alcohol and Drug Education

1985-1988 -- Professor, Department of Anthropology and Director, Native Centre, University of Calgary

1985-1989 -- Member, Malinowski Awards Committee, Society for Applied Anthropology

1987 -- Honor: Outstanding Minority Professorship Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks Visiting Professor, University of Michigan

1987-1995 -- Member, Committee of Anthropologists in Primarily Minority Institutions, American Anthropological Association

1988 August 1 -- Medicine officially retires.

1989 -- Volunteer (Committee of Anthropologists in Primarily Minority Institutions, American Anthropological Association), Standing Rock College Honor (twice): Outstanding Minority Professorship Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks Visiting Professor, Wayne State University.

1990 -- Honor: "Outstanding Contributions for the promotion of sex equity in Education," Illinois State Board of Education Honor: Outstanding Lakota Woman, Standing Rock College

1991 -- Honor: Distinguished Service Award, American Anthropological Association. Medicine was the first American Indian to receive this award.

1991 -- Visiting Professor, Saskatchewan Indian Federal College Visiting Professor, Colorado College Visiting Professor, Anthropology, Humboldt State University

1992 -- Visiting Distinguished Professor, Women's Studies, University of Toronto

1993 -- Visiting Professor, Rural Sociology, South Dakota State University Award: Distinguished Native American Alumna Award, South Dakota State University

1993-1994 December -- Research Co-ordinator, Women's Perspectives, Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples

1994- -- Adjunct Professor, University of Alberta

1995 -- Scholar in Residence, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul Visiting Scholar, Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia Award: Ohana Award, Multi-Cultural Counseling Excellence, American Association of Counselors

1996 -- Award: Bronislaw Malinowski Award, Society for Applied Anthropology. Buckman Professor, Department of Human Ecology, University of Minnesota

circa 1997- -- Associate Professor of Anthropology Emeritus, Department of Anthropology, California State University

2001 -- Publishes book: Learning to Be an Anthropologist and Remaining "Native": Selected Writings.

2005 -- Award: George and Louise Spindler Award, Council on Anthropology and Education, American Anthropological Association.

2005 December 19 -- Medicine dies during emergency surgery in Bismarck, North Dakota.

2006 -- Book: Drinking and Sobriety Among the Lakota Sioux is published posthumously.

2008 -- The Society for Applied Anthropology creates the Bea Medicine Award.
Provenance:
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Beatrice Medicine between 1997 and 2003, and by Ted Garner in 2006.
Restrictions:
Materials relating to student grades, letters of recommendation, and evaluations have been restricted.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Alcohol  Search this
Gender imagery  Search this
Discrimination  Search this
Linguistics -- Research -- United States  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Lakota Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Beatrice Medicine papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.1997-05
See more items in:
Guide to the Beatrice Medicine papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1997-05

Bringing It Home: Introduction by Gaby Tayac

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-12-10T19:59:28Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_uIg8j-isLO0

Russell Means

Artist:
Bob Coronato  Search this
Sitter:
Russell Means, 10 Nov 1939 - 22 Oct 2012  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 188 × 93 × 3.2 cm (74 × 36 5/8 × 1 1/4")
Frame: 192.1 × 96.8 × 5.7 cm (75 5/8 × 38 1/8 × 2 1/4")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\Wyoming\Crook\Hulett
Date:
2012
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Indeterminable  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Russell Means: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Russell Means: Male  Search this
Russell Means: Literature\Writer  Search this
Russell Means: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Russell Means: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2017.81
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 2009 Bob Coronato
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 2000 to Present
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 341
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e815b3f2-7e49-45a7-bebf-3a8ec6606096
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2017.81

American Indian Movement

Physical Description:
fabric (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 1/2 in; 11.43 cm
Object Name:
Patch
Credit Line:
Reverend John P. Adams
ID Number:
1978.2202.21
Accession number:
1978.2202
Catalog number:
1978.2202.21
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-6876-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_518716

Russell Means

Artist:
David Michael Kennedy, born 1950  Search this
Sitter:
Russell Means, 10 Nov 1939 - 22 Oct 2012  Search this
Medium:
Palladium print
Dimensions:
Image: 26 × 33.3 cm (10 1/4 × 13 1/8")
Sheet: 35.7 × 45.9 cm (14 1/16 × 18 1/16")
Mat: 55.9 × 71.1 cm (22 × 28")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
2001
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Exterior  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Architecture\Door  Search this
Nature & Environment\Bone\Skull  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Belt  Search this
Russell Means: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Russell Means: Male  Search this
Russell Means: Literature\Writer  Search this
Russell Means: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Russell Means: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Jeffrey H. Lynford
Object number:
L/NPG.5.2014
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c4cfeb01-45ea-440d-9104-3843d1529618
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_L_NPG.5.2014

Russell Means

Artist:
David Michael Kennedy, born 1950  Search this
Sitter:
Russell Means, 10 Nov 1939 - 22 Oct 2012  Search this
Medium:
Palladium print
Type:
Photograph
Topic:
Russell Means: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Russell Means: Male  Search this
Russell Means: Literature\Writer  Search this
Russell Means: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Russell Means: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Jeffrey H. Lynford
Object number:
L/NPG.6.2014
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f5342570-7cb6-4480-96d5-e6b19b4121e1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_L_NPG.6.2014

Leonard Crow Dog

Artist:
Paul Davis, born 10 Feb 1938  Search this
Sitter:
Leonard Crow Dog, born 1942  Search this
Medium:
Color halftone poster
Dimensions:
Sheet: 101.8 x 68.8cm (40 1/16 x 27 1/16")
Board (Verified): 107.3 x 73.7cm (42 1/4 x 29")
A to G depth: 7/8"
Type:
Print
Date:
1977
Topic:
Poster  Search this
Leonard Crow Dog: Male  Search this
Leonard Crow Dog: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Jack Rennert
Object number:
NPG.2007.186
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Paul Davis
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4efc15b04-777f-4925-a170-e2a4e45d4bf2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2007.186

Russell Means and Dennis Banks

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Dennis Banks, 12 Apr 1937 - 29 Oct 2017  Search this
Russell Means, 10 Nov 1939 - 22 Oct 2012  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 22.1 × 15.4 cm (8 11/16 × 6 1/16")
Sheet: 23.3 × 17.7 cm (9 3/16 × 6 15/16")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\South Dakota\Shannon\Wounded Knee
Date:
1973
Topic:
Exterior  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Pipe  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Pipe  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Cap\Beret  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Watch\Wrist watch  Search this
Russell Means: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Russell Means: Male  Search this
Russell Means: Literature\Writer  Search this
Russell Means: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Russell Means: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Dennis Banks: Male  Search this
Dennis Banks: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor  Search this
Dennis Banks: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Frank and Betsy Goodyear
Object number:
NPG.2005.32
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm485a9cb5f-a749-4f03-a867-53e0673f0056
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2005.32

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