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Colin de Land collection

Creator:
De Land, Colin, 1955-2003  Search this
Names:
American Fine Arts, Co.  Search this
Armory Show (1913: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Art Cologne  Search this
Art Forum Berlin  Search this
Biennale di Venezia  Search this
Documenta  Search this
International Art Fair  Search this
Balk, Dennis  Search this
Beckwith, Patterson  Search this
Davey, Moyra  Search this
Dion, Mark, 1961-  Search this
Fend, Peter  Search this
Fraser, Andrea  Search this
Greene, Carol  Search this
Heilmann, Mary, 1940-  Search this
Marks, Matthew  Search this
McDonald, Daniel  Search this
Morris, Paul  Search this
Pierson, Jack, 1960-  Search this
Wadlin, Craig  Search this
Waters, John, 1946-  Search this
Extent:
15.15 Linear feet
0.901 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Date:
1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003
bulk 1980-2003
Summary:
The Colin de Land collection measures 15.15 linear feet and 0.901 GB and dates from 1968 to 2008, with the bulk of the collection dating from the early 1980s through 2003. The majority of the collection consists of photographic material, primarily snapshots, documenting daily life in and around de Land's gallery American Fine Arts, Co., as well as de Land's pesonal life and affairs. There are candid photographs of exhibition openings, day-to-day gallery operations, art fairs, vacations, social gatherings, and New York City street scenes. Also included are some personal objects belonging to de Land and his wife Pat Hearn, as well as two scrapbooks containing items once decorating the walls of de Land's office at American Fine Arts. The collection includes video recordings documenting trips to Cape Cod, Hearn's illness, and occasional art world events.
Scope and Contents:
The Colin de Land collection measures 15.15 linear feet and 0.901 GB and dates from 1968 to 2008, with the bulk of the collection dating from the early 1980s through 2003. The majority of the collection consists of photographic material, primarily snapshots, documenting daily life in and around de Land's gallery American Fine Arts, Co., as well as de Land's pesonal life and affairs. There are candid photographs of exhibition openings, day-to-day gallery operations, art fairs, vacations, social gatherings, and New York City street scenes. Also included are some personal objects belonging to de Land and his wife Pat Hearn, as well as two scrapbooks containing items once decorating the walls of de Land's office at American Fine Arts. The collection includes video recordings documenting trips to Cape Cod, Hearn's illness, and occasional art world events.

The bulk of the collection consists of snapshots, along with their negatives and the envelopes provided by commercial photographic printers. The envelopes are sometimes annotated. The photographs, not typically identified by photographer, were taken by de Land, Hearn, and gallery employees, artists, and visitors. Most of the snapshots provide a candid record of life within de Land's circle, and not formal documentation of gallery exhibitions.

The figures in this collection often occupied blurred boundaries between artist, gallery employee, critic, and friend. Many of the photographs include AFA staff, including Daniel McDonald, Patterson Beckwith, and Craig Wadlin. Also of note are photos showing AFA artists, including John Waters, Mark Dion, Andrea Fraser, Moyra Davey, Dennis Balk, Peter Fend, and Jack Pierson.

In addition to life within the gallery, de Land's cameras also documented a larger art world of the era, candidly showing openings at other galleries, art fairs such as Art Basel, Art Cologne, and the Berlin Artforum, as well as festivals including the Venice Biennale and Documenta, many of which included AFA artists. There is some documentation of the Gramercy International Contemporary Art Fair and The Armory Show. The photographs frequently include de Land and Hearn's friends and fellow art dealers Paul Morris, Matthew Marks, and Carol Greene. Some images include artists that showed at Pat Hearn Art Gallery, such as Mary Heilmann. Collectors, celebrity visitors to the gallery, and critics also occasionally appear in the photographs. There is one 1968 photograph of de Land's mother and a small number of 1970s images of both de Land and Hearn.

In addition to the snapshots, there are a variety of other photographic formats, including digital, in the collection. The contents of the slides are of similar nature to the snapshots. The contact sheet binders offer some formal exhibition installation documentation, but are not exhaustive.

The collection also includes film and video footage. Thirty-five reels of Super-8 motion picture film primarily documents frequent vacations to Cape Cod, as well as the final stages of Hearn's illness and subsequent death. The 31 DV-mini cassettes include similar content, and some footage of opening receptions and other art world events.

Most of the official gallery records are missing, most likely lost in the frequent floods in the gallery basement. Two scrapbooks include material that was often photographed on the walls surrounding de Land's desk at AFA. Additional artifacts include one small painting by artist Charles Clough, inscribed to Hearn, a baseball hat frequently worn by de Land and appearing in many of the snapshots, and one page of an autographed calendar.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 4 series:

Series 1: Photographic Material, 1968-2003, bulk 1980-2003 (14 linear feet; Box 1-14, 0.901 GB; ER01)

Series 2: Scrapbooks, circa 1980s-2003 (0.2 linear feet; Box 19)

Series 3: Video and Film Recordings, circa 1980-2003 (1.1 linear feet; Box 15, 16, 18)

Series 4: Artifacts, 1988-2008 (0.3 linear feet; Box 14, 17, 19)
Biographical / Historical:
Colin de Land (1955-2003) was a gallery owner whose New York City spaces challenged traditional modes of exhibition and art dealing.

Raised in Union City, New Jersey, de Land came to the art world from an academic background, having studied philosophy and linguistics at New York University. In 1984, de Land opened Vox Populi, a largely unrenovated space in the East Village, at 511 East 6th Street. The gallery showed experimental work by emerging artists, including the enigmatic John Dogg, thought to be a collaboration between de Land and artist Richard Prince.

In 1986, De Land opened his longest standing gallery, American Fine Arts, Co. (AFA), in the same space previously occupied by Vox Populi. The gallery moved to SoHo in 1988, first to 40 Wooster Street then to 22 Wooster Street in 1993. During the late 1990s, as most SoHo galleries moved to Chelsea, AFA remained a mainstay of the downtown arts scene. De Land's wife, Pat Hearn, whom he married in 1999 after over a decade together, was also a well known art dealer. Her gallery, Pat Hearn Art Gallery, also moved from the East Village to SoHo, later becoming one of the first to set down roots in Chelsea.

Known for his eccentric fashion and unorthodox business style, de Land cultivated a culture of experimentation within the AFA community. He typically hired young art students or recent graduates, often nurturing their own artistic careers. Along with a group of Cooper Union graduates, many of whom worked at the gallery, he founded the artist collective Art Club 2000. De Land often showed artists working in hybrid media, for example film and photography or music and installation. He was especially interested in ecological and environmental art, as well as work that took as its subject exhibition practice and the act of creating art. He often staged large thematic group shows. Artists who showed at the gallery included Mark Dion, John Waters, Andrea Fraser, Moyra Davey, Dennis Balk, Peter Fend, Tom Burr, James Welling, Mariko Mori, Dan Graham, Jessica Stockholder, Alex Bag, Christian Philipp Muller, and Jack Pierson.

In 1994, de Land and Hearn, along with gallerists Matthew Marks and Paul Morris, established the Gramercy International Contemporary Art Fair. Fashioned after the tradition of inexpensive hotel art fairs, four galleries were invited to exhibit artwork in rooms of the Gramercy Park Hotel, to be sold in a cash and carry model. The fair became an annual event, branching out to other cities, including Miami and Los Angeles, and growing significantly in size in New York. It later became known as The Armory Show.

De Land often carried a point-and-shoot camera and kept several on hand in the gallery. He documented opening receptions, art world social gatherings, concerts, and day-to-day happenings and invited visitors to the gallery and employees to do the same.

After Hearn's death from liver cancer in 2000, de Land became involved with Kembra Pfahler, the performance artist and leader of the rock band The Voluptuous Horror of Karen Black. De Land took over Hearn's Chelsea gallery, operating it as a second location of AFA. Following his own struggle with cancer, de Land passed away in 2003. AFA remained open, closing at the end of 2004 with a tribute group exhibition to de Land.
Related Materials:
The archival gallery records of Colin de Land's art gallery American Fine Arts, Co. as well as the gallery records of the Pat Hearn Gallery are available at the Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College in New York. The gallery records there also include a fair amount of de Land's personal papers. Bard also acquired de Land's and Hearn's personal library.
Provenance:
The Colin de Land papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2008 by Dennis Balk, an artist represented by American Fine Arts, Co. and a close friend of de Land.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings and born-digital records in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Citation:
Colin de Land papers, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.delacoli
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-delacoli
Online Media:

Anglo American Fine Art Co.

Collection Creator:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1910-1911
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Carnegie Institute Museum of Art records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records, 1883-1962, bulk 1885-1940. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records
Carnegie Institute, Museum of Art records / Series 1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-carninst-ref285

American Fine Arts Co., Colin de Land Fine Art

Collection Creator:
Christine Burgin Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 15, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1989-1992
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Christine Burgin Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Christine Burgin Gallery records, 1980-2016. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Christine Burgin Gallery records
Christine Burgin Gallery records / Series 4: Client Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-chriburg-ref79

Snapshots

Collection Creator:
De Land, Colin, 1955-2003  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1968-2003
bulk 1980-2003
Scope and Contents:
Although there are some early snapshots depicting Vox Populi and the 1980s New York City art scene, the majority of the snapshots document American Fine Arts, Co. in the 1990s. They candidly depict daily life in and around the gallery, opening receptions, and social gatherings. There are images of AFA staff, artists, and visitors, as well as figures from the larger art world, however most are not identified except for notations on the envelopes. There are also snapshots of the the Gramercy International Contemporary Art Fair and its successor, The Armory Show, vacations in Cape Cod, and trips to international art fairs and festivals such as Documenta, the Venice Biennale, and Art Cologne. De Land was interested in the confluence of art and commerce; many photographs include advertisements, television screens, and other signifiers of consumer culture. Some groups of photographs are identified as belonging to Pat Hearn.
Arrangement:
Snapshots are arranged in rough chronological order, one roll of film per folder, mostly according to the date of event or subject depicted in the image. Dates have been assigned to the closest approximation possible. In some cases, when no information could be drawn from the contents of the roll of film, folders were dated according to the printing stamp on the backs of the photographs.

Folder headings were derived from de Land's inscriptions on the envelopes where possible. Where notes did not exist, thematic headings have been assigned by the archivist. The heading "Various Subjects" is used to describe rolls of film that include several events or locations. "American Fine Arts" is used to describe rolls of film with various subjects, but all physically located at AFA. The gallery maintained a numbering system for the photographs, utilizing a combination of numbers and letters. These labels can be found on the commercial printing envelopes, which have been stored in each folder. The meaning of the code has not been identified.

At the end of the series, there are several folders of unsorted snapshots. These represent clusters or unlabeled envelopes of mosty unrelated photos found together.
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings and born-digital records in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Colin de Land papers, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.delacoli, Subseries 1.1
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection
Colin de Land collection / Series 1: Photographic Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-delacoli-ref3

Slides

Collection Creator:
De Land, Colin, 1955-2003  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s-2003
Scope and Contents:
Slides document daily life within the American Fine Arts, Co. circle. Many are related to vacations in Cape Cod and art related travel in Germany, including trips to Documenta and the Koln Kunstmarkt. Subject matter may overlap with the photographs found in Series 1.1: Snapshots. Slides are arranged in rough chronological order.
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings and born-digital records in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Colin de Land papers, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.delacoli, Subseries 1.3
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection
Colin de Land collection / Series 1: Photographic Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-delacoli-ref759

Colin de Land taking a photograph

Subject:
de Land, Colin  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1995 Nov.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12418
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12418

Colin de Land at American Fine Arts

Subject:
de Land, Colin  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1996 Feb.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14458
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14458
Online Media:

Daniel McDonald, Patterson Beckwith, and Gillian Haratani at American Fine Arts

Photographer:
de Land, Colin, 1955-2003  Search this
Subject:
Beckwith, Patterson  Search this
Haratani, Gillian  Search this
McDonald, Daniel  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1996 July
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14460
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14460

Spencer Sweeney, Jaiko Suzuki and Brian DeGraw at the Garry Gross opening at American Fine Arts, NY

Subject:
DeGraw, Brian  Search this
Suzuki, Jaiko  Search this
Sweeney, Spencer  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1998 September
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16970
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16970
Online Media:

Spencer Sweeney holding a guitar

Subject:
Sweeney, Spencer  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
circa 1999
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16972
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16972

Spencer Sweeney and Colin de Land at American Fine Arts, Co. in New York

Subject:
de Land, Colin  Search this
Sweeney, Spencer  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
2001 November or December
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16974
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16974
Online Media:

Brian McPeck, Lizzi Bougatsos, Spencer Sweeney, Souhi Lee, and Kembra Pfahler at American Fine Arts, Co.

Subject:
Bougatsos, Lizzi  Search this
Lee, Souhi  Search this
McPeck, Brian  Search this
Pfahler, Kembra  Search this
Sweeney, Spencer  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co.  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
circa 2002 May
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16975
See more items in:
Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16975
Online Media:

Colin de Land collection, 1968-2008, bulk 1980-2003

Creator:
de Land, Colin, 1955-2003  Search this
Subject:
Waters, John  Search this
Fraser, Andrea  Search this
Dion, Mark  Search this
Marks, Matthew  Search this
Morris, Paul  Search this
Balk, Dennis  Search this
Davey, Moyra  Search this
Pierson, Jack  Search this
Fend, Peter  Search this
Heilmann, Mary  Search this
Greene, Carol  Search this
Wadlin, Craig  Search this
Beckwith, Patterson  Search this
McDonald, Daniel  Search this
Art Forum Berlin  Search this
International Art Fair  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co.  Search this
Biennale di Venezia  Search this
Documenta  Search this
Art Cologne  Search this
Armory Show  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13702
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)279482
AAA_collcode_delacoli
Theme:
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_279482
Online Media:

Art in the periphery of the center / Christoph Behnke [and three others] (eds.)

Editor:
Behnke, Christoph  Search this
Physical description:
629 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), maps ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
History
Date:
2015
©2015
21st century
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Art, Modern--History  Search this
Artists  Search this
Critical realism  Search this
Call number:
N6497 .A775 2015
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1099841

The conditions of being art : Pat Hearn Gallery & American Fine Arts, Co. / edited by Jeannine Tang, Ann E. Butler, and Lia Gangitano

Editor:
Tang, Jeannine  Search this
Butler, Ann E.  Search this
Gangitano, Lia 1968-  Search this
Host institution:
Bard College Center for Curatorial Studies  Search this
Subject:
De Land, Colin 1955-2003  Search this
Hearn, Pat 1955-2000  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co History  Search this
Pat Hearn Gallery History  Search this
Physical description:
295 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 24 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
History
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
2018
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1101529

Colin de Land : American fine arts / edited by Dennis Balk

Author:
Balk, Dennis  Search this
Subject:
De Land, Colin  Search this
American Fine Arts, Co  Search this
Physical description:
253 p. : chiefly col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Anecdotes
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
2008
Topic:
Art dealers  Search this
Call number:
TR655 .D45 2008
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_899364

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