The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives'
record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program
staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted
by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Reed was interviewed for the Oral History Collection because of his distinguished veterinary and management career, contributions as a Smithsonian administrator, and long
tenure as director of the National Zoological Park. Additional information about Reed can be found in the Records of the National Zoological Park which are also housed in
These interviews of Reed by Pamela M. Henson discuss his youth; education; veterinary practice; experiences at the Portland Zoo; and career at the NZP, including his
tenure as Veterinarian and achievements as Director, especially renovation and modernization of facilities, development of the Cap-Chur Gun, acquisition of such animals as
the Giant Pandas, Komodo dragon, and white tigers, development of research and educational programs, creation of an endangered species program and the CRC, participation in
the Species Survival Program, his role in the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums and the International Union of Directors of Zoological Gardens; and reminiscences
of such colleagues as William Mann, John Perry, and Leonard Carmichael. An additional interview of Reed by Pamela M. Henson, Historian, Smithsonian Institution Archives, and
Caroline Winslow, Graphics Department, National Zoological Department was conducted in 1992. Reed was interviewed about the 1958 Safety Brochure that was created by the Zoo
in response to the death a little girl by a lion at NZP. The collection consists of 13 interviews totaling 31.5 hours of audio recordings and 790 pages of transcript.
Theodore H. Reed (1922- ), veterinarian and zoo administrator, received the D.V.M. in 1945 from the School of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State College. From 1946 to
1955, he practiced as a veterinarian in Oregon and Idaho. He gained experience with exotic animals while serving as a veterinarian to the Portland Zoological Park from 1951
to 1955. In 1955, Reed was appointed Veterinarian at the National Zoological Park (NZP). In 1956, he was named Acting Director after the retirement of William M. Mann, and
in 1958, he advanced to Director. During his tenure, Reed oversaw a capital renovation of the NZP; development of the Conservation and Research Center (CRC) in Front Royal,
Virginia, in 1974; a transition from display of exotic specimens to breeding of endangered species; and many advances in exotic animal care and medicine. Reed retired from
administration in 1983 and from the NZP in 1984.
This accession consists of audiovisual materials created during the production of "Enormous Egg;" "National Zoo: Think Tank;" "As They Really Are;" "Big Cats and How
They Came to Be;" "Bengal Tiger;" "Changes: The Story of Evolution and Speciation;" and "First Look at Kumari." "Enormous Egg" is a story for children about a pet dinosaur.
The production is 1 hour long and aired on National Broadcasting Corporation, Inc. in 1967. "National Zoo: Think Tank" consists of videos played on multiple screens in the
Think Tank exhibition at the National Zoological Park (NZP). The original videos were produced in 1995. A second version of the exhibition videos was created in 2001. Updates
may have also been made in 1998. "As They Really Are" accompanied the NZP exhibition, "Human Attitudes Toward Animals." The 5 minute videotape was produced in 1991. "Big Cats
and How They Came to Be" is the story of the evolution of the genus panthera. It was animated by Film Polski for NZP. Produced in 1976, the film is 10 minutes long. It won
the Council on International Nontheatrical Events (CINE) Golden Eagle in 1976 and was shown at the Sixth International Film Festival of India.
"Bengal Tiger" is a general description of the endangered animal's lifestyle. The 9 minute film was produced in 1976 and accompanied a National Museum of Natural History
exhibition. It won a CINE Golden Eagle in 1977 and received a first prize Audio Visual Award from the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. "Changes: The
Story of Evolution and Speciation" was used by the NZP, Office of Education to teach speciation. The 7 minute film was animated by Film Polski. "First Look at Kumari" is a
15 minute souvenir video about Kumari, NZP's Asian Elephant, and the Asian Elephant Species Survival Plan. Kumari was born in December 1993 and the video was likely produced
in 1994. This accession also includes videos about NZP in general, the Friends of the National Zoo, and NZP's pandas. Materials include submasters, edited masters, masters,
dubbing masters, film transfers, and viewing copies on a variety of videotape formats as well as release prints on 16 mm film.
Restrictions pertaining to the use of these materials may apply (based on contracts/copyright). Access restrictions may also apply if viewing copies are not currently available. Viewing copies can be made for a fee. Contact reference staff for details.
Folder 22 AAZPA. A couple of reports one of which is on the place of individual research in zoos. Presumably this has something to do with the AAZPA (the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums). Materials date from March 1967 to Novembe...
"The Biology and Management of Tree Kangaroos," American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums, Marsupial and Monotreme Advisory Group, Bulletin Number 1, Edited by Miles Roberts and Michael Hutchins, 1990
National Zoological Park. Department of Zoological Research Search this
Box 4 of 8
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-220, National Zoological Park. Department of Zoological Research, Animal Research Records
This accession includes records documenting the activities of Edward J. Maruska, who served on the Board of Directors from 1973-1980, and as President, 1978-1979, of
the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums (AAZPA), which was renamed the American Zoo and Aquarium Association in 1994. Materials include Maruska's correspondence,
memoranda, and notes; records pertaining to AAZPA surveys, programs, conferences, committees, Board of Director meetings, workshops, public relations, and membership; reports;
meeting agendas and minutes; AAZPA by-laws; news releases, newsletters, and articles; and information with regard to zoo accreditation.
American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums Search this