Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
26 documents - page 1 of 2

Ruth Landes papers

Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan, 1903-1988  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Names:
Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures  Search this
Committee on Fair Employment Practices  Search this
Fisk University  Search this
Johnson, Charles S.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Park, Robert E.  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet ((63 document boxes and 1 oversized box))
Culture:
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
African American  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
African  Search this
Acadians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Jews -- American  Search this
Latinos -- California  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Basques  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Africans  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Quebec -- Bilingualism
United Kingdom -- colored immigration
South Africa
Date:
1928-1992
Summary:
Most of Ruth Landes's papers relate directly or indirectly to Landes's American Indian research, her work in Brazil, and her study of bilingualism. There is also a considerable amount of material that relates to her experiences (sometimes fictionalized) at Fisk University. There is only small amount of material related to her other interests. Her collection also has material of and relating to the Brazilian folklorist and journalist Edison Carneiro. There is also noteworthy material concerning Herbert Baldus, Ruth Benedict, Elmer C. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, and Robert E. Park. There is a large amount of printed and processed materials in the collection, mainly in the form of newspaper clippings and a collection of scholarly papers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is mainly comprised of the professional papers of Ruth Schlossberg Landes. Included are correspondence, journals, published and unpublished manuscripts of writings, research materials including field notes and reading notes, photographs, drawings, scholarly papers and publications by other scholars, and clippings from newspapers and periodicals.

Landes's field research on Candomblé in Brazil is well-represented in this collection, consisting of her field journals, writings, and photographs. Also present are Maggie Wilson's stories that were the basis for Landes's The Ojibwa Woman. Unfortunately, Landes was unable to locate her journals for her early research with the Ojibwa/Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Dakota. There are, however, field photographs of the Ojibwa/Chippewa and Potawatomi in the collection. There is also a great deal of her research on groups, especially minorities, in multilingual states with particular focus on the French of Quebec, Basques of Spain and the United States, Boers and Blacks of South Africa, the several socio-linguistic groups of Switzerland, and Acadians (Cajuns) of Louisiana. In the collection are several drafts of her unpublished manuscript on bilingualism, "Tongues that Defy the State." There is also a small amount of material about Black Jews of New York and considerable material about Landes's experience among African Americans when she taught briefly at Fisk University, including her unpublished manuscript "Now, at Athens," containing fictional and autobiographical accounts of her time at Fisk.

Reflections of other facets of Landes's professional activities are also included. Some materials concern her teaching activities, and there is also documentation of her work with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (a federal government agency during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt) and a similar private organization which immediately succeeded the FEPA; Gunnar Myrdal's research into the plight of African Americans ("The Negro in America"); the Research in Contemporary Cultures project at Columbia University; and the American Jewish Congress.

Among Landes's correspondents are Ruth Benedict, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ralph Bunche, Herbert Baldus, Edison Carneiro, Sally Chilver, Frances Densmore, Sol Tax, Elmer S. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, Robert E. Park, and Hendrik W. van der Merwe.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: (1) Correspondence, 1931-1991; (2) Research Materials, circa 1930s-1990; (3) Writings, circa 1930s-1990; (4) Teaching Materials, 1935-1975, undated; (5) Biographical and Personal Files, 1928-1988; (6) Graphic Materials, 1933-1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Ruth Schlossberg Landes was born on October 8, 1908 in New York City. Her father was Joseph Schlossberg, an activist in the Yiddish labor socialist community and one of the founders of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. She studied sociology at New York University (B.A. 1928) and social work at the New York School of Social Work, Columbia University (M.S.W. 1929). While in graduate school, Landes studied Black Jews in Harlem for her master's thesis, a topic that developed her interests in anthropology.

After graduating in 1929, she worked as a social worker in Harlem and married Victor Landes, a medical student and son of family friends. Their marriage ended after two years when she enrolled in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia against her husband's wishes. She kept his surname due to the stigma of being a divorced woman.

At Columbia, Landes studied under Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict, her main advisor. Under the guidance of Benedict, Landes moved away from further study of African Americans to focus on Native American communities. Upon Benedict's suggestion, Landes studied the social organization of the Ojibwa in Manitou Rapids in Ontario from 1932 to 1936 for her Ph.D. fieldwork. Her dissertation, Ojibwa Sociology, was published in 1937. Landes also contributed "The Ojibwa of Canada" in Cooperation and Competition among Primitive Peoples (1937), a volume edited by Margaret Mead. In 1938, Landes published Ojibwa Women (1938), a book written in collaboration with Maggie Wilson, an Ojibwa interpreter and informant.

In addition to studying the Ojibwa in Ontario, Landes also conducted fieldwork with the Chippewa of Red Lake, Minnesota in 1933, working closely with shaman or midé Will Rogers. Her book, Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin (1968) was based largely on her research with Rogers and Maggie Wilson. In 1935 and 1936, she undertook fieldwork with the Santee Dakota in Minnesota and the Potawatomi in Kansas. Like Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin, her books on the Santee Dakota and Potawatomi were not published until several years later—The Mystic Lake Sioux: Sociology of the Mdewakantonwan Sioux was published in 1968 while The Prairie Potawatomi was published in 1970. In between her field research in the 1930s and the publication of The Prairie Potawatomi, Landes returned to Kansas to study the Potawatomi in the 1950s and 1960s.

Landes's plan to continue her studies with the Potawatomi in 1937 changed when Benedict invited her to join a team of researchers from Columbia University in Brazil. Landes was to conduct research on Afro-Brazilians in Bahia, Brazil, while Walter Lipkind, Buell Quain, and Charles Wagley studied indigenous people in the Amazons. To prepare for her research, Landes was at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1937 and 1938 to consult with Robert Park and Donald Pierson and to use the university's library collections of African and African American materials. During that time, Landes also held a teaching position at Fisk and lived in the non-segregated women's residence on campus. Landes later wrote "Now, at Athens," an unpublished memoir containing fictional and true accounts of her experiences at Fisk.

From 1938 to 1939, Landes conducted fieldwork on the role of Afro-Brazilian women and homosexuals in the Candomblé religion in Bahia, Brazil. Unable to move freely by herself in Brazil as a single woman, Landes was accompanied by Edison Carneiro, a Bahian journalist and folklorist. With Carneiro as her companion, Landes was allowed access to rituals and people that would have been closed off to her otherwise. Due to her association with Carneiro, a member of the Brazilian Communist Party, Landes was suspected of being a communist and was forced to leave Bahia early. Publications from her research in Brazil include "A Cult Matriarchate and Male Homosexuality" (1940) and City of Women (1947). She returned to Brazil in 1966 to study the effects of urban development in Rio de Janeiro. In 1967, a Portuguese translation of City of Women was published, a project that Carneiro had commissioned as the first director of the Ministry of Education and Culture's Special National Agency for the Protection of Folklore.

Landes returned to New York in 1939, working briefly as a researcher for Gunnar Myrdal's study of African Americans. Unable to obtain a permanent position at a university, she worked in several other short term positions throughout most of her career. During World War II, Landes was a research director for the Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs (1941) and consultant for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practices Committee on African American and Mexican American cases (1941-44). In 1945, Landes directed a program created by Pearl S. Buck and a group of interdenominational clergy to analyze pending New York anti-discrimination legislation. She moved to California the following year to work for the Los Angeles Metropolitan Welfare Council on a study of race and youth gangs. After her contract ended, she moved back to New York and was hired as a contract researcher for the American Jewish Congress (1948-50). She also participated in Columbia University's Research in Contemporary Cultures (1949-51), studying Jewish families. She coauthored with Mark Zborowski, "Hypothesis concerning the Eastern European Jewish Family." From 1951 to 1952, Landes spent a year in London, funded by a Fulbright fellowship to study colored colonial immigrants and race relations in Great Britain.

After her fellowship ended, Landes returned to the United States and held short term appointments at several universities. She taught at the William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution in New York (1953-54), the New School for Social Research in New York (1953-55), University of Kansas (1957, 1964), University of Southern California (1957-62), Columbia University (1963), Los Angeles State College (1963), and Tulane University (1964). At Claremont Graduate School, Landes helped to develop and direct the Claremont Anthropology and Education Program (1959-62).

It was not until 1965 that Landes obtained a permanent faculty position at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario; she was recruited for the position by Richard Slobodin. Due to Ontario's age retirement law, Landes was forced to retire in 1973 at the age of 65. She continued to teach part-time until 1977, when she became professor emerita.

Landes passed away at the age of 82 on February 11, 1991.

Sources Consulted

Cole, Sally. 2003. Ruth Landes: A Life in Anthropology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Chronology

1908 October 8 -- Born Ruth Schlossberg in New York City

1928 -- B.A. in sociology, New York University

1929 -- M.S.W., New York School of Social Work, Columbia University

1929-1931 -- Social worker in Harlem Married to Victor Landes

1929-1934 -- Studied Black Jews in Harlem

1931 -- Began graduate work in anthropology at Columbia University

1932-1936 -- Studied the Ojibwa in Ontario and Minnesota (in field periodically)

1933-1940 -- Research Fellow, Columbia University

1935 Summer-Fall -- Studied the Santee Sioux (Dakota) in Minnesota

1935-1936 -- Studied the Potawatomi in Kansas

1935 -- Ph.D., Columbia University

1937 -- Instructor, Brooklyn College

1937-1938 -- Instructor, Fisk University

1938-1939 -- Studied Afro-Brazilians and Candomblé in Brazil, especially at Bahia

1939 -- Researcher on Gunnar Myrdal's study, "The Negro in America"

1941 -- Research Director, Office of Inter American Affairs, Washington, D.C.

1941-1945 -- Representative for Negro and Mexican American Affairs, Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), President Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration

1944 -- Interim Director, Committee Against Racial Discrimination, New York

1946-1947 -- Researcher, study of Mexican American youth, gangs, and families, Los Angeles Metropolitan Council

1948-1951 -- Researcher, American Jewish Congress, New York

1949-1951 -- Research consultant, study on Jewish families in New York for Research in Contemporary Cultures Project, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Fulbright Scholar, to study colored colonial immigration into Great Britain

1953-1954 -- Lecturer, William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution, New York

1953-1955 -- Lecturer, New School for Social Research, New York

1956-1957 -- Married to Ignacio Lutero Lopez

1957 Summer -- Visiting Professor, University of Kansas

1957-1958 -- Visiting Professor, University of Southern California

1957-1965 -- Consultant, California agencies (Department of Social Work, Bureau of Mental Hygiene, Department of Education, Public Health Department) and San Francisco Police Department

1958-1959 -- Director, Geriatrics Program, Los Angeles City Health Department

1959-1962 -- Visiting Professor and Director of Anthropology and Education Program, Claremont Graduate School

1962 -- Extension Lecturer, University of California, Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley

1963 -- Extension Lecturer, Columbia University Extension Lecturer, Los Angeles State College

1963-1965 -- Consultant, International Business Machines (IBM)

1964 January-June -- Visiting Professor, Tulane University

1964 Summer -- Field work with Potawatomi in Kansas Professor, University of Kansas

1965-1975 -- Professor at McMaster University

1966 -- Studied urban development in Rio de Janeiro

1968-1975 -- Studied bilingualism and biculturalism in Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, United States, and Canada (in Spain and the United States concentrated on Basques)

1975 -- Became part-time faculty member at McMaster University

1977 -- Professor Emerita, McMaster University

1978 -- Award of Merit from the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay

1991 February 11 -- Died in Hamilton, Ontario

1991 -- Establishment of the Ruth Landes Memorial Research Fund at Research Institute for the Study of Man (RISM)
Related Materials:
Correspondence from Ruth Landes can be found in the William Duncan Strong Papers, the Leonard Bloomfield Papers, and MS 7369. The Ruth Bunzel Papers contains a copy of a grant application by Landes.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Ruth Landes in 1991.
Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Midéwiwin  Search this
Bilingualism  Search this
Aging  Search this
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1991-04
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1991-04
Online Media:

Onorio Ruotolo papers, 1917-1958

Creator:
Ruotolo, Onorio, 1888-1966  Search this
Ruotolo, Onorio, 1888-1966  Search this
Subject:
Winwar, Frances  Search this
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9222
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211417
AAA_collcode_ruotonor
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211417

Sidney Hillman

Artist:
Carlos Baca-Flor, 1867 - 1941  Search this
Sitter:
Sidney Hillman, 23 Apr 1887 - 10 Jul 1946  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
76.2cm x 55.2cm (30" x 21 3/4"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1937
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Male  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Labor leader  Search this
Sidney Hillman: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union of America
Object number:
NPG.71.39
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43210e641-88a1-439a-8caf-23f30d7b256b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.71.39

American Clothing Workers

Maker:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 28 in x 22 in; 71.12 cm x 55.88 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Subject:
Labor Unions  Search this
labor issues  Search this
Employment  Search this
Credit Line:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
ID Number:
1991.0792.18
Catalog number:
1991.0792.18
Accession number:
1991.0792
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, General History Collection
Clothing & Accessories
Princeton Posters
Textiles
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-6ffc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1104750

Issued by authority of Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America

Maker:
Allied Printing Trades Council  Search this
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 12 3/4 in x 23 1/2 in; 32.385 cm x 59.69 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Date made:
1949
Copyright date:
1949
Subject:
Labor Unions  Search this
labor issues  Search this
Credit Line:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
ID Number:
1991.0792.19
Catalog number:
1991.0792.19
Accession number:
1991.0792
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, General History Collection
Clothing & Accessories
Princeton Posters
Textiles
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-693f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1104751

Stand Up for Your Rights

Affiliated union:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
average spatial: 22 in x 17 in; 55.88 cm x 43.18 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Subject:
Labor Unions  Search this
labor issues  Search this
Credit Line:
George Meany Memorial Archives
ID Number:
1990.0324.22
Catalog number:
1990.0324.22
Accession number:
1990.0324
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Labor History Collection
Clothing & Accessories
Princeton Posters
Textiles
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a8-f170-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1063317

dish

Maker:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Physical Description:
glass (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 cm x 24 cm; 1 3/16 in x 9 7/16 in
Object Name:
Dish
ID Number:
1989.0693.4994
Catalog number:
1989.0693.4994
Accession number:
1989.0693
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Reform Movements Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-2e5a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1311823

Union Broadside in Yiddish, Italian and English

Measurements:
overall: 17 1/2 in x 11 1/2 in; 44.45 cm x 29.21 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Made at:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1916
Associated date:
May 3, 1916
Subject:
Textile Processing and Production  Search this
Labor Unions  Search this
Strikes and Boycotts  Search this
Credit Line:
International Ladies Garment Workers Union
ID Number:
1986.0710.0043
Accession number:
1986.0710
Catalog number:
1986.0710.0043
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History
Princeton Posters
Government, Politics, and Reform
Sweatshops
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-dc80-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_538732
Online Media:

Poster, "Viva la Huelga/ Don't buy Farrah pants!"

Associated institution:
Farah of Texas  Search this
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Maker:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 22 in x 14 in; 55.88 cm x 35.56 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Referenced:
United States: Texas
United States: New Mexico
Subject:
History, Reform Movements, Economic Protest  Search this
Labor Unions  Search this
labor issues  Search this
Textile Processing and Production  Search this
Strikes and Boycotts  Search this
Mexican-Americans and/or Chicanos  Search this
Credit Line:
Philip and Jeff Foisie
ID Number:
1981.0452.07
Accession number:
1981.0452
Catalog number:
1981.0452.07
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History
Princeton Posters
Government, Politics, and Reform
Sweatshops
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b4-e548-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_541122
Online Media:

Sign, Don't Buy Imported Clothing

Affiliated union:
American Federation of Labor  Search this
Congress of Industrial Organizations  Search this
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Maker:
Allied Printing Trades Council  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 22 in x 14 in; 55.88 cm x 35.56 cm
Object Name:
Placard
poster
Place made:
United States: District of Columbia
Date made:
1975
Used date:
1975
Subject:
Protest and Civil Disobedience  Search this
March, Rally, Demonstration, or Other  Search this
Labor Unions  Search this
labor issues  Search this
Employment  Search this
Credit Line:
Deborah Ritter
ID Number:
1979.0734.06
Catalog number:
1979.0734.06
Accession number:
1979.0734
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, General History Collection
Clothing & Accessories
Princeton Posters
Government, Politics, and Reform
Sweatshops
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-4aef-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1097727
Online Media:

Don't Buy Imported Men's Clothing From Korea

Maker:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 28 in x 22 in; 71.12 cm x 55.88 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1974
Subject:
Labor Unions  Search this
Globalization  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN83546L92
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Occupations
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-b4ee-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_675355

Don't Buy Farah Pants

Performing artist:
Fawcett, Farah  Search this
Maker:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 22 1/2 in x 17 1/2 in; 57.15 cm x 44.45 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1974
Subject:
Labor Unions  Search this
Television  Search this
Actors  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN83546M14
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Occupations
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-eca6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_675377

Have a Heart Help Striking Farah Workers Win Justice...

Performing artist:
Fawcett, Farah  Search this
Maker:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 22 1/2 in x 17 1/2 in; 57.15 cm x 44.45 cm
Object Name:
Poster
Place made:
United States
Date made:
ca 1974
Subject:
Labor Unions  Search this
Television  Search this
Actors  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN83546M16
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Occupations
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-b7c7-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_675379

bumper sticker

Maker:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 3 7/8 in x 14 3/4 in; 9.8425 cm x 37.465 cm
Object Name:
Bumper Sticker
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1974
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN83527Z61
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Labor History Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-f504-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_672251

posters (3)

Maker:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America  Search this
Object Name:
Posters (3)
Object Type:
posters
Place made:
United States
Date made:
1974
Subject:
Labor Unions  Search this
ID Number:
ZZ.RSN83520Z93
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Labor History Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-8426-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_671463

Uniform for Fruit of Islam

Worn by:
Jon D Ali, American  Search this
Manufactured by:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, American, founded 1914  Search this
Used by:
Nation of Islam, American, founded 1930  Search this
Medium:
synthetic fiber , wool, thread and plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D (2013.39.4.1-.2): 66 1/2 × 24 × 13 in. (168.9 × 61 × 33 cm)
Inseam: 23 1/2 in. (59.7 cm)
Type:
uniforms
Date:
1950-1959
Topic:
African American  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Communities  Search this
Men  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Resistance  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the family of Becca Nu'Mani
Object number:
2013.39.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Historical
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd52920b1ed-4028-4ddc-8419-1877627c6b20
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.39.4

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
National Association of Market Developers, American, founded 1953  Search this
Subject of:
National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, American, founded 1969  Search this
National Urban Affairs Council, American, founded 1971  Search this
Interracial Council for Business Opportunity, American, founded 1963  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
Chi Delta Mu Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1913  Search this
Top Ladies of Distinction, Inc., American, founded 1964  Search this
Continental Societies, Inc., American, founded 1956  Search this
Rose Morgan, American, 1912 - 2008  Search this
William Otis Walker, American, 1896 - 1981  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
African Methodist Episcopal Church, American, founded 1816  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
The Links, Incorporated, American, founded 1946  Search this
National Association of Black Accountants, Inc., American, founded 1969  Search this
Carats, Inc., American, founded 1959  Search this
People United to Save Humanity, American, founded 1971  Search this
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated, founded 1908  Search this
Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1932  Search this
National United Church Ushers Association of America, Inc., American, founded 1919  Search this
National Pharmaceutical Association, American, founded 1947  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., founded 1922  Search this
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, American, founded 1920  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
Eta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1943  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Association of University Women, American, founded 1910  Search this
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks of the World, American, founded 1898  Search this
Iota Phi Lambda Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1929  Search this
Vernon Jordan, American, born 1935  Search this
National Business League, American, founded 1900  Search this
Congressional Black Caucus, American, founded 1971  Search this
Arthur Ashe Jr., American, 1943 - 1993  Search this
National Bankers Association, American, founded 1927  Search this
National Bar Association, American, founded 1925  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Percy Ellis Sutton, American, 1920 - 2009  Search this
Morehouse College, American, founded 1867  Search this
Joe Louis, American, 1914 - 1981  Search this
Clarence D. King, American, 1888 - 1981  Search this
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, American, founded 1914  Search this
National Black Veterans Association, American, founded 1974  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 1/2 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1.3 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Martha's Vineyard, Oak Bluffs, Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1982
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Broadway Theatre  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Film  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religious groups  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd595b77a5e-4524-45a5-90d3-81855fc7528c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.16
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Scrapbook featuring Frances Albrier's work on the Citizenship Education Project

Created by:
Frances M. Albrier, American, 1898 - 1987  Search this
Subject of:
Frances M. Albrier, American, 1898 - 1987  Search this
Medium:
Album: cardboard, paper, string, pressure-sensitive tape
Clippings: ink on paper
Photographs: silver or dye and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
14 x 12 1/4 x 1 in. (35.6 x 31.1 x 2.5 cm)
Type:
scrapbooks
Place depicted:
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1956-1957
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Education  Search this
Politics  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Suffrage  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Frances Albrier Collection
Object number:
2010.60.1
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd537a8861a-0ee9-4cd8-bfc4-7b93e757888f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.60.1
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Scrapbook featuring Frances Albrier's work on the Citizenship Education Project digital asset number 1

Hart, Schaffner and Marx Records

Creator:
Hart, Schaffner and Marx.  Search this
Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Costume  Search this
Names:
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America.  Search this
Abt, Levi  Search this
Hart, Harry  Search this
Hart, Max  Search this
Hillman, Sidney  Search this
Marx, Marcus  Search this
Schaffner, Joseph  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Costume  Search this
Extent:
6 Cubic feet (17 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sales letters
Stylebooks
Account books
Cashbooks
Retailers
Sales catalogs
Business records
Vouchers
Voucher register
Place:
Chicago (Illinois) -- 1900-1960
Illinois -- 1900-1960
Date:
1901-1955
Scope and Contents note:
The collection falls roughly into 4 parts. Series 1 is primarily composed of the company's history and its advertising, including a number of style books. The historical materials highlight the firm's importance in the men's clothing industry; the style books are a valuable record of styles in men's clothing during the first half of the 20th century. The Warshaw Collection of Americana contains a number of Hart, Schaffner and Marx style books from 1903 1928 that duplicate a number in this collection. The miscellaneous records in Box 3 relate primarily to a failed retail store that was placed under new management and reports on naval uniforms and government shipments in the first half of the 1940's. Though obviously incomplete, these records illustrate that the company manufactured military uniforms during World War II as well as civilian clothing.

The Trade Board decisions in Series 2 (February 1921 Febuary 1934) provide a colorful picture of early labor management relations and the everyday incidents in the work place that came before the Trade Board. They are also illustrative of good labor management relations that were developed very early in the history of organized labor.

The company's records, kept in minute detail, in notebooks, by hand, comprise Series 3, the largest part of the collection. They are testimony to the many operations involved in the profitable production of a suit, coat, vest, knickers, or trousers that are part of men's clothing. Large books record items such as tailoring specifications for various articles of clothing, hours worked and earnings for specific operations, piece work lists by article and operation for various shops. There are also account books, cash books, and a voucher register. These appear to be illustrative rather than complete records.

Series 4 consists of 2 boxes of materials of the kind used in the manufacture of men's clothing. They have been kept with the records because Hart, Schaffner and Marx was the first manufacturer to have its salesmen work from swatches of material instead of trunk loads of clothing, an innovation soon followed by other manufacturers.

All of the actual company records are prior to 1955. There are a few pieces of descriptive material of a later date.

The arrangement is chronological where appropriate; otherwise, it is alphabetical. Many of the records in Series 3 are handwritten.
Arrangement:
Divided into 4 series.

Series 1: Company History, Advertising and Style Books

Series 2: Trade Board Decisions, 1921-34

Series 4: Company Records, 1903-1946

Series 4: Material Swatches, undated
Biographical/Historical note:
In 1872, twenty-one year old Harry Hart and his 18-year-old brother Max opened a retail store for men's clothing on State St. in Chicago, Illinois. In 1879 two brothers in law Levi Abt and Marcus Marx joined them. Eight years later Levi Abt left and Joseph Schaffner, a cousin of the Harts, took his place. Thus in 1887 Hart, Schaffner and Marx was born.

The transition from retailing only to manufacturing evolved from clothing that was made to sell in their own store. There was an apparent need for facilities to supply ready made men's clothing to interested retailers and the business prospered.

High quality workmanship and improved employee management relationships were among early goals of the company. A labor agreement of 1911, initiated by Joseph Schaffner, was developed in cooperation with Sidney Hillman, then a cutter in a Hart, Schaffner and Marx factory. As a result Joseph Schaffner emerged as a leader and humanitarian and Sidney Hillman led the way for workers to cooperate with management wherever possible. The 1911 agreement became the model for the men's clothing industry and later for women's clothing. It was the foundation on which the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America was built and helped to rid the United States of sweatshops in the clothing industry. Sidney Hillman in later years won world acclaim as a labor leader and became an advisor on labor relations to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Hart, Schaffner and Marx became known for a number of "firsts" in the clothing industry in addition to its peaceful labor relations. The firm introduced a one price policy permitting no cut rates or better prices for any one; it advertised nationally; it introduced the tropical weight suit for summer wear. The company conceived and carried out selling with swatches of materials thus doing away with the practice of salesmen using trunk loads of clothing to demonstrate their line. It was the first manufacturer to offer proportional fit clothing made for men of different build as well as different size. Hart, Schaffner and Marx was also among the first to develop and expand its own retail division. By the firm's 75th anniversary in 1962 it had 78 stores in 37 metropolitan areas inspite of being thought of primarily as a manufacturer. Based in Chicago it did business throughout the United States.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Hart, Schaffner and Marx, 1973.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Probable copyright and trademark restrictions.
Topic:
Clothing trade -- 1900-1960  Search this
Clothing stores -- 1900-1960  Search this
Industrial relations  Search this
Men's clothing industry -- 1900-1960  Search this
Men's clothing  Search this
Retail trade -- 1900-1960  Search this
Trade-unions -- 1900-1960  Search this
Sweatshops  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sales letters
Stylebooks -- 1900-1960
Account books -- 20th century
Cashbooks -- 1900-1950
Retailers -- 1900-1960
Sales catalogs -- 1900-1960
Business records -- 20th century
Vouchers -- 1900-1960
Voucher register
Citation:
Hart, Schaffner and Marx Records, 1901-1955, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0426
See more items in:
Hart, Schaffner and Marx Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0426
Online Media:

Onorio Ruotolo papers

Creator:
Ruotolo, Onorio, 1888-1966  Search this
Names:
Winwar, Frances, 1900-  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1917-1958
Scope and Contents:
Letters, writings, photographs and scrapbooks.
UNMICROFILMED: Letters, most are which are from Ruotolo's son Lucio who writes while serving in WWII and while attending Oxford University, and five letters from writer Frances Winwar; 1 poem and a book of poetry by Ruotolo; a biography of Augusto Bellanca and a book of Bellanca's poetry; a manuscript "Quando Canta Il Gallo" by A. Giovannitti; and 26 photographs, including photos of Ruotolo, Ruotolo's work, and of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America conventions.
REEL 2526: Two scrapbooks of clippings, 1917-1954.
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; New York, N.Y. Director of the Leonardo da Vinci Art School.
Provenance:
The donor, Marilyn Dorato, found the papers in the basement of 20 Bank St., N.Y., N.Y. when she purchased the home. The two scrapbooks were discarded after microfilming due to their poor condition.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.ruotonor
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ruotonor

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By