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Andrew Carnduff Ritchie papers

Creator:
Ritchie, Andrew Carnduff  Search this
Names:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
College Art Association of America  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Yale University. Art Gallery  Search this
Afro, 1912-1976  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Hadzi, Dimitri, 1921-2006  Search this
Lynes, Russell, 1910-1991  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Paolozzi, Eduardo, 1924-2005  Search this
Ritchie, Jane  Search this
Roszak, Theodore, 1907-1981  Search this
Extent:
10.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1907-1983
Summary:
The papers of museum director, professor, writer, and post-World War II Monuments Men Andrew Carnduff Ritchie measure 10.3 linear feet and date from 1907 to 1983. Found within the papers are biographical material, including materials and photographs concerning his military service in the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Section of the U.S. Army; correspondence, including letters from numerous artists; writings; committee and organization files; exhibition and project files, teaching files; printed material; and photographs, including portrait images of Ritchie taken by Hans Namuth.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of museum director, professor, writer, and post-World War II Monuments Men Andrew Carnduff Ritchie measure 10.3 linear feet and date from 1907 to 1983. Found within the papers are biographical material, including materials and photographs concerning his military service in the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Section of the U.S. Army; correspondence, including letters from numerous artists; writings; committee and organization files; exhibition and project files, teaching files; printed material; and photographs, including portrait images of Ritchie taken by Hans Namuth.

Biographical materials include birth certificates, passports, academic records, biographical profiles, and awards. There are files documenting Andrew Carnduff Ritchie's post-World War II military service in 1945-1946 as a "Monuments Men" in the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives (MFAA) section of the U.S. Army, including correspondence, forms, reports, photographs (including 7 of paintings looted from Holland), and awards. There is also a file on the Fogg conference on the emergency protection of artwork dated 1939-1942 and one file regarding the Frick Collection's orders for protecting art. There is also a folder of material on his wife Jane Ritchie.

Alphabetical and chronological correspondence is with artists, museums, galleries, universities, and colleagues. The bulk of the alphabetical correspondence consists of letters from artists such as Afro, Alexander Calder, Dimitri Hadzi, Russell Lynes, Eduardo Paolozzi, Theodore Roszak, and others. There are also condolence letters addressed to Jane Ritchie. Chronological correspondence includes Ritchie's correspondence on the subject of travels, lectures, projects, and exhibitions.

Writings include one disbound notebook, papers from college and graduate studies, lecture drafts, outlines, and notes. There are a few writings by others.

Committee and organization files document Ritchie's work on advisory panels, trustee boards, councils, board of directors, and committees. There are meeting minutes, bulletins, reports, studies, and correspondence. Some of the more voluminous files include the College Art Association's study on "The Visual Arts in Higher Education" as well as the Museum of Modern Art's committee on museum collections.

Exhibition and project files include correspondence, printed material, photographs, catalogs, and assorted documents. Among the projects and exhibitions in this series are Ritchie's work on the Alfred E. Burr Memorial in Connecticut and the Middelheim Sculpture exhibition.

Teaching files contain correspondence, program outlines, course materials, recommendations, and a few student papers from universities and programs where Ritchie taught, including Yale University Art Gallery.

Printed material consists of news clippings, some of which are arranged by subject, along with articles by Andrew Ritchie, press releases, magazines, bulletins, and a few exhibition catalogs.

Photographs are of Andrew Ritchie, and of friends and artists at various art openings and events. There is one small album of photographs of a birthday party for Jane Ritchie. Also included are photographs of artwork.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1907-1978 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1, OV 11)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1928-1983 (2.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 3: Writings, 1927-1978 (2.9 linear feet; Boxes 3-6, OV 11)

Series 4: Committee and Organization Files, 1948-1971 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 6-7)

Series 5: Exhibition and Project Files, 1949-1978 (1.6 linear feet; Boxes 7-9, OV 12)

Series 6: Teaching Files, 1957-1974 (0.5 linear feet; Box 9)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1928-1978 (0.5 linear feet; Boxes 9-10)

Series 8: Photographs, 1935-1982 (O.9 linear feet; Box 10, OV 13)
Biographical / Historical:
Andrew Carnduff Ritchie (1907-1978) was a museum director, professor, and art historian based in New York and Connecticut. He served as director of the Albright Knox Gallery in Buffalo, N.Y., director of Painting and Sculpture at the Museum of Modern Art, and director of the Yale University Art Gallery.

Andrew Carnduff Ritchie was born in Bellshill, Scotland, in 1907 to Andrew and Jeanie Gilchrist Ritchie. The family immigrated to the United States when he was 15 and settled in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He attended the University of Pittsburgh and received a bachelor's and master of arts degrees in medieval art, and his doctoral degree from the University of London in 1935. That same year, he married Jane Thompson.

From 1935 to 1942, Ritchie was a researcher and lecturer at the Frick Collection in New York City and faculty member at New York University, as well as a visiting lecturer at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland.

In 1942, Ritchie was appointed director of the Albright Knox Gallery in Buffalo, New York where he stayed until 1949 when he became the director of Painting and Sculpture at the Museum of Modern Art.

In 1945-1946, directly following World War II, Ritchie served with the U.S. Army's Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives section in Austria and helped with the restitution of art looted by the Nazis, returning paintings and cultural artifacts back to their country of origin. He was later honored by France and the Netherlands for this work.

In 1957, Ritchie accepted the postion of director of the Yale University Art Gallery where he stayed until 1971. While there, he acquired notable works of art for the Gallery's collections by David Smith, Noguchi, and Maillol. Thanks to Ritchie's efforts and guidance, art collector and patron Paul Mellon donated his collection of British art and established the Yale Center for British Studies. In 1971, Ritchie also became the Clark Professor at Williams College, Massachusetts, and, in 1972, he was a visiting professor at the University of Sydney, Australia. Ritchie retired from Yale in 1973.

Ritchie was also awarded honorary doctorates from the University of Pittsburgh and the Royal College of Art in London. He wrote several books over the course of his career and passed away in Canaan, Connecticut, in 1978.
Related Materials:
Among the holding at the Archives of American Art is an interview of Andrew Carnduff Ritchie conducted in 1977 June 16-17 by Paul Cummings.

The Albright-Knox Gallery Archives in Buffalo, New York has a collection of Andrew Carnduff Ritchie papers, which include administrative records and correspondence.
Provenance:
This collection was donated in multiple installments in 1979 and 1981 by Andrew Ritchie's widow, Jane T. Ritchie, and by her estate in 1986. Five letters from Alfred Hamilton Barr to Andrew and Jane Ritchie were donated in 1974 by Andrew Ritchie through Russell Lynes.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Arts administrators -- Connecticut -- Canaan  Search this
Educators -- Connecticut -- Canaan  Search this
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Destruction and pillage -- Europe  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Confiscations and contributions -- Germany  Search this
Art treasures in war -- Netherlands -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Art thefts -- Germany -- History -- 20th century  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Cultural property -- Protection -- Europe -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Andrew Carnduff Ritchie papers, 1907-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.ritcandr2
See more items in:
Andrew Carnduff Ritchie papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ritcandr2

Walker Hancock, Lamont Moore, George Stout and two unidentified soldiers in Marburg, Germany

Subject:
Hancock, Walker Kirtland  Search this
Moore, Lamont  Search this
Stout, George L. (George Leslie)  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1945 June
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)14417
See more items in:
George Leslie Stout papers, 1855, 1897-1978
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_14417
Online Media:

George Leslie Stout's Bronze Star medal and case

Subject:
Stout, George L. (George Leslie)  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Type:
Artifacts
Date:
1945
Topic:
Awards  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15081
See more items in:
George Leslie Stout papers, 1855, 1897-1978
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15081
Online Media:

Edith Standen and Rose Valland with art to be restituted to France

Subject:
Standen, Edith Appleton  Search this
Valland, Rose  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1946 May
Topic:
Art and war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15137
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15137
Online Media:

Edith Standen conducting a tour for U.S. guards

Subject:
Standen, Edith Appleton  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1946 April
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15139
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15139
Online Media:

Storage rooms inside Museum Wiesbaden filled with wooden crates

Subject:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Museum Wiesbaden  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
not after 1946 March
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15141
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15141
Online Media:

Interior of Museum Wiesbaden with paintings on storage racks

Subject:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Museum Wiesbaden  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
not after 1946 March
Topic:
Art and war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15142
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15142
Online Media:

Soldiers loading art onto a train at Buxheim monastery

Subject:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1945
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Art and the war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16194
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16194

James Rorimer's early draft of his memoir Survival: the salvage and protection of art in war

Creator:
Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph), 1905-1966  Search this
Subject:
Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph)  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
not after 1950
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Art and the war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16200
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16200
Online Media:

George Stout letter to his wife Margaret Stout

Creator:
Stout, George L. (George Leslie), 1897-1978  Search this
Stout, Margaret Hayes  Search this
Subject:
Stout, George L. (George Leslie)  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1945 April 4
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16217
See more items in:
George Leslie Stout papers, 1855, 1897-1978
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16217
Online Media:

Storage room filled with crates at Wiesbaden Collecting Point

Subject:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Museum Wiesbaden  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1946
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Art and the war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16228
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16228
Online Media:

James Rorimer and unidentified men

Subject:
Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph)  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
between 1943 and 1946
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16422
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16422

James Rorimer on the occasion of being made a Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur

Subject:
Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph)  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1947
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16423
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16423
Online Media:

Interview with Paul Vanderbilt reel 8

Creator:
Vanderbilt, Paul, 1905-1992  Search this
Subject:
Vanderbilt, Paul  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Place:
Berlin, Germany
Munich, Germany
Date:
196-?
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16612
See more items in:
Paul Vanderbilt papers, 1854-1992, bulk 1945-1992
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16612

Interview with Paul Vanderbilt reel 7

Creator:
Vanderbilt, Paul, 1905-1992  Search this
Subject:
Flaherty, Robert Joseph  Search this
Stryker, Roy Emerson  Search this
Vanderbilt, Paul  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
196-?
Topic:
Family life  Search this
Interpersonal relations  Search this
Marriage  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16904
See more items in:
Paul Vanderbilt papers, 1854-1992, bulk 1945-1992
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16904

Aristide Maillol sculpture recovery

Subject:
Maillol, Aristide  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1946 May 24
Topic:
Art and war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9946
See more items in:
James J. Rorimer papers, 1921-1982, bulk 1943-1950
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9946
Online Media:

Lamont Moore lecture, "Salt mines and castles"

Creator:
Moore, Lamont, 1909-1988  Search this
Subject:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
1983 October 14
Topic:
Art treasures in war  Search this
Historic preservation  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11695
See more items in:
Salt Mines and Castles : lecture, by Lamont Moore, 1983 October 11/
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11695

U.S. Army plane loaded with art shipment to Holland

Subject:
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
circa 1945
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Art and the war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)16225
See more items in:
Andrew Carnduff Ritchie papers, 1907-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_16225

Stephen Kovalyak, Lamont Moore and Thomas Carr Howe in Berchtesgaden

Subject:
Howe, Thomas Carr  Search this
Kovalyak, Stephen  Search this
Moore, Lamont  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1945 July 25
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Art and the war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10081
See more items in:
Thomas Carr Howe papers, 1932-1984
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10081
Online Media:

Inventory list of looted art from the Göring Collection found at Berchtesgaden

Creator:
Howe, Thomas Carr, 1904-1994  Search this
Subject:
Göring, Hermann  Search this
Allied Forces. Supreme Headquarters. Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1945 July 26 - Aug. 4
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Art and the war  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15082
See more items in:
Thomas Carr Howe papers, 1932-1984
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15082

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