Contents consist of 4 small notebooks and numerous loose sheets and slips. September 1954: Partly sorted and arranged in folders under the following headings: Botany. Cherokee. Fights. Paintings. Southern Algonquian ethnology (D.C, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina). Southeast ethnology (Catawba and Creek). Southwest. Shields. Tipis. Remainder to be arranged. Principally Kiowa, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche. Many small slips, probably unclassifiable.
Contents: Adirondack tribe (St Lawrence River) Old Manuscript Number 3553. Adoption Old Manuscript Number 4007. Refers to Algonquian method of counting -only; see Haas note 2/18/72; Old Manuscript Number 3864. "Alligewi"; Animism Old Manuscript Number 3867 and 2842-c, box 6. Blood Indians, origin of name; Brant, Joseph Old Manuscript Number 3874. Chippewa, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3646. Chiefs, function and significance of Old Manuscript Number 2842-c, box 6. Delaware tribe, New Jersey area claimed by Old Manuscript Number 3866. Detroit River, tribes near; Ekaentoton Island-- see Ste. Marie Island Environment (Bulletin 30 draft by O. T. Mason) Old Manuscript Number 4007. Erie, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3646. Erie and Black Mincqua tribes Old Manuscript Number 3586. [Eskimo] Arctic tribes, leaving elderly and sick people to die Old Manuscript Number 3668. Family, Bulletin 30 draft and notes Old Manuscript Number 4011 and 2842-c, box 6. Grand River (Tinaatoua), name of; Hebrew calendar; Hewitt, list of Bulletin 30 articles by Old Manuscript Number 4066. Hoboken, origin of name; Iroquois, "On the Northern and Eastern Territorial Limits of the Iroquoian people, in the 16th Century," and Algonquian tribes, at Chaleur Bay. Iroquois at Gulf of St Lawrence and Bay of Gaspe Old Manuscript Number 3625.
Iroquois, location of Six Nations tribes reservations Old Manuscript Number 3763. Iroquois false face; Iroquois preparation of corn ("as food") Old Manuscript Number 4009. Iroquoian early dress Old Manuscript Number 3660. Iroquoian "Gachoi" tribe, identity of (Correspondence with F. Bogaskie.) Old Manuscript Number 3816. Iroquoian moon names and concept of time; Iroquoian social organization, and place name-name origins; "Man," Iroquoian term for Old Manuscript Number 3781. Iroquoian towns Old Manuscript Number 4006. Kentucky, meaning of the word; Kentucky, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3840. Lenni Lenape, meaning of the word; Logstown-- see Shenango Old Manuscript Number 3773. Lost Ten Tribes as American Indians Old Manuscript Number 3670. Mayan linguistic family and other Mayan linguistic notes including Quiche and Tepehuanan notes Old Manuscript Number 3473. Mexico: idols, sacrifices, etc. Old Manuscript Number 3807. Mexico: Indian languages. Letter from Captain W.E.W. MacKinley Old Manuscript Number 3778. Missouri, Indian village, location of Old Manuscript Number 3944. Mohawk land near Lake Champlain; Mohawk grammar; Montour family, notes for Bulletin 30 Old Manuscript Number 3812. Muskhogean social organization. Letter from J. J. Harrison. Old Manuscript Number 3891. New England tribes Old Manuscript Number 3513.
Niagara, origin of name; "Old Smoke"-- see Sayenqueraghta Old Manuscript Number 3949. Onondaga tribe, text of memorial inscription to, and correspondence Old Manuscript 4391 and 4271- box 1 (part.) Ontwaganha or Toaganha, origin and meaning of name Old Manuscript Number 3864. Owego, meaning of town's name; Pekwanoket tribe (Cape Cod); Pemaquid, Abnaki word and its origin Old Manuscript Number 89. Piasa bird- pictograph formerly near present Alton, Illinois. Article is similar to that by Cyrus Thomas, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30. Old Manuscript Number 3981. Potawatomi, notes on the name Old Manuscript Number 4034. Potawatomi Green Corn Dance; Roanoke, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3998. Sacagawea, spelling of; St Ignace, 3 settlements (Michigan); St Marie Island or Ekaentoton Island; Sauk, Bulletin 30 article and galley proof, notes Old Manuscript Number 3764. Sayenqueraghta or "Old Smoke" (correspondence with Alanson Skinner) Old Manuscript Number 3949. Scalping Old Manuscript Number 4025. Shenango and Logstown Old Manuscript Number 3773. Sioux, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3624. Society of American Indians, resolutions by thanking General Hugh L. Scott, Fr. Anselm Webber and others Old Manuscript Number 3868. Susquehanna, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3707. Tacoma, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3470.
Thunderbird, notes on Old Manuscript Number 3552. Tinaatoa-- see Grand River; Toronto, origin of name; Tuscarora villages Old Manuscript Number 3998. Wampum Old Manuscript Number 3998. War club with inscription; West Virginia panhandle tribes Old Manuscript Number 3945. Williams, Eleazer Old Manuscript Number 3998. Women, status of Old Manuscript Number 3566. Wyandots (Huron) List of tribes of which Wyandots of today are constituted. Old Manuscript Number 3774.
Remarks: 10/18/40- Letter to National Geographic Society, referred to Dr. Stirling for reply. Inquiry re. Penobscot villages, and native dress of the pre-colonial period. 1/9/46 - Letter re. migrations of the Algonquians. 1/21/46 - Letter re. migrations of the Seminoles. Enclosed sketch of Indian figure wearing tunic. 2/18/46 - Letter re. Algonquian tribal divisions; dugout canoes, etc. 5/6/46 - Letter dated April 21, 1946, forwarded to Dr. F.G. Speck for reply.
3/26/50 - Sketch of native dress (from "Penobscot Man") and moccasin; notes; letter. 3/31/50 - North Eastern Indian costumes, Wawenock tribe (Abnaki?) in 1615 - who were they? 4/3/50 - Whitetail deer in Maine, its range, population etc. Sketch of Indian in native dress on snowshoes. 4/11/50 - Reply to above letters by Dr. Stirling in acknowledgement of information contained therein. 4/12/50 - Costumes of Maliset or Woolastook, and Passamaquoddy, including the kilt, etc., etc. enclosed sketches. 4/17/50 - Warfare between the Wabanaki and Iroquois; reference to Henry Red Eagle, A Wolastook, also known as Malacite; said to be a chief (?). 4/23/50 - Additional notes on the Malecite costume (kilt) (miscellaneous newsclippings included),
ate., etc. A typed and signed letter from F.G. Speck to Mr. Fisher was enclosed with the letter of April 17, 1950. 1950 (not itemized) 5/17/46 - Notes on "Red Paint People"; flint deposit at Mt. Kineo, Moosehead Lake; stone relics; collections of artifacts at State House, Maine, and U.S. National Museum. 9/19/49 - Data on early N.E. headdresses and costumes. Enclosed sketch of feather headdress. 2/ /50 - Notes on moccasins (sketches); notes on Saco or Sakoki tribe; linguistic notes. Enclosed letter to him written by Chief Nudahbeh (a Penobscot). 3/2/50 - Sketch of birch bark wigwam of Maine Indians, and notes in letter. 3/12/50 - Sketch of Indian moccasin; sketch (pen and ink) showing coon killing a copperhead.
Newsclipping on Cheyenne protest against mural in the Postoffice at Watonga, Oklahoma. 3/20/50 - Notes on scalping - taught to Indians by European soldiers (?). Sketch of Indian in native dress. Newsclipping of Maine bull moose. 3/22/50 - Drawings of Indians of Colonial period; birch bark wigwam; moccasins, headdress, costume decorations.
This subseries of the Notes and writings on special linguistic studies series contains material that supplement Harrington's Northeast/Southeast field notes.
The file on Algonquian includes three slips of Fox, Cree, Ojibwa, and Massachusett (labeled "Natick") vocabulary in the hand of Truman Michelson; typed copies of the above; notes on Cree and Ojibwa from secondary sources; information on the growing of wild rice by the Menominee; and miscellaneous notes on placenames and tribenames regarding the Cree, Ojibwa, Conoy, Nanticoke, and Narraganset.
The Shawnee/Peoria section consists of six pages of notes on Shawnee tribal divisions.
Among the miscellaneous material on the Abnaki languages is a page of Penobscot vocabulary obtained from Frank Siebert in April 1940. The remaining material was compiled during fieldwork on Western Abnaki at St. Francis in 1949. There are four pages on possible informants from Charles Nolet and a page of vocabulary from "Am"; bibliographic references; and lexical and grammatical notes excerpted from the works of Joseph Laurent and Masta.
For Massachusett there are three pages of miscellaneous notes with references to Trumbull's Natick Dictionary.
The bulk of the file on Iroquoian consists of a typed copy of an unidentified historical text from the 1880s. It discusses the relations of the Iroquois with the Spanish, French, and English settlers in the New World. Special mention is made of Gy-ant-va-chia (Cornplanter), chief of the Seneca. The spacing of the lines of text suggests that Harrington was planning to add a translation or annotations of some kind. There are also three pages of miscellaneous notes in his hand.
Most of the file on Delaware consists of information on placenames and tribenames obtained from Frank Siebert, Carl F. Voegelin, and a number of Oklahoma residents in 1940. Siebert gave both Delaware and Penobscot terms, and Unami words were given by Roy Longbone, Salley Fallleaf, and Jake Parks. Munsee forms were obtained from Josiah Montour and Jane Pattice of the Six-Nations Reserve in Ontario, Canada. Also included are a carbon copy of a typed list of possible informants and several pages of miscellaneous notes from the works of Brinton, Strachey, and Zeisberger.
The section on Creek/Seminole/Alabama/Koasati/Choctaw contains twenty-one pages of vocabulary (mostly on tribenames) which Harrington obtained in an interview with James Feagin Sylestine, a speaker of the Alabama language, on April 25, 1940. The informant's home was in Livingston, Texas, although he was at the Shawnee Sanatorium at the time Harrington worked with him. The remaining miscellaneous notes were excerpted from various published and manuscript sources. They include references to Creek, Cherokee, Seminole, Alabama, and Choctaw.
Miscellaneous material relating to the East consists of brief notes which Harrington copied from a number of secondary sources. There are mentions of the Huron, Wyandot, Powhatan, and Cherokee tribes, among others. Three of the pages consist of a partial typed list (alphabetically arranged K to M) of "Carolina and Virginia Algonquian" words. This list is based on that given in the commentary on the map of Raleigh's Virginia, pages 852 to 872 of The Roanoke Voyages, which was published by the Hakluyt Society in 1955.
Indians of North America -- Southern states Search this
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Collection includes Fox, Ojibwa, and Cheyenne linguistic data obtained from informants; Fox and Ojibwa dictionaries prepared largely from published sources; notes on Powhatan, Cree, Menominee, and comparative Algonquian; publications in and concerning Algonquian languages; correspondence; and miscellaneous personal papers.
NAA MS 4860
Full series of Father Geary's Algonquian linguistic manuscripts are detailed in inventory of Geary papers, Number 4860, copy in "Master" file.
The collection consists of sixty-nine (69) facsimiles of sixty-seven (67) watercolor drawings made by or associated with John White. The reproductions were created by Charles Praetorius by photographing the drawings, and subsequently bleaching and hand coloring the images. The drawings come from two sources in the British Museum: John White album (see British Museum Number 1906,0509.1.1 and a version of the John White album known as the Sloan album (see British Museum Number SL,5270.1-113). The original drawings date from 1585-1593, and are some of the earliest European depictions of the flora, fauna, and peoples of the Americas.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Charles Praetorius was a print-maker and photographer. Born in Vienna, he was employed by the British Musem to make photographs of works in the Museum and make photographs of prints and drawings in other British collections.
John White (circa 1539 – circa 1593) was an English colonial governor, explorer, artist, and cartographer. White served as artist and mapmaker for Richard Grenville's expedition to colonize Roanoke Island in 1585. He later served as the governor of the second attempt to found Roanoke Colony on the same island in 1587 and discovered the colonists had mysteriously vanished.
Truman Michelson's handwritten linguistic notes on various Algonquian languages from his work with students at Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania during the winter of 1911-1912. The notes include information about the students he worked with, vocabulary, grammar, and an Arapaho text. Mary Belgarde and Patrick Azure provided information on Turtle Mountain Chippewa (which Michelson determined is Cree); Dorothy Morse on Northern Chippewa (near Duluth); Flora Masta on Abenaki; Grover Allen (a Kickapoo) on Potawatomi; Louise Kitchikum (likely Kachicum) on Menominee; and Bruce Groesbeck on Northern Arapaho.
Notes are organized by language.
NAA MS 2703
Title changed from "Materials relating to various Algonquian languages" 4/15/2014.
One letter, of November 29, 1937, is a response by Michelson on being informed of "the reflex of nt" and the later one, of February 11, 1938, is a response relating to "Proto-Ojibwa group Algonquian phonology."
Cards containing Truman Michelson's handwritten notes on Cheyenne vocabulary with comparisons to Central Algonquian (Fox, Cree, Delaware, Ojibwa, etc.) terms. The Bureau of American Ethnology catalog card indicates that some words were "extracted from Petter," most likely a reference to Rodolphe Petter's English-Cheyenne Dictionary (1915).
NAA MS 3216
Title changed from "Some restored words which are difficult phonetically; some new words extracted from Petter 1930s" 5/27/2014.
Includes slips that have lexical materials from published (and perhaps some manuscript) sources on Virginia and Carolina Algonquian with some comparative materials from other Algonquian languages (especially Cree from Leonard Bloomfield). In two boxes: Box 1 Indian-English; Box 2 English-Indian and comparative materials.
NAA MS 7187
Manuscript 7187, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Contents as follows: Slavery; Origins, migrations, etc; "Algonquian appellations of the Amerindian tribes and peoples." (A.F.C ?) "Ditmarsh dialect and modern English; Mohawk words; Algonquian words in English. (A.F.C. ?) "Some radicals of the Kootenay language." (A.F.C. ?) Algonquian plant and fruit names (A.F.C. ?); Counting; "Removal by whites of Indians from America." (A.F.C ?); Kutenai notes; Chinese vocabulary (1891); Trail in Illinois; South America (Bibliography); Trumbull, Bibliographic linguistic material.
NAA MS 3447
Algonquian appellations of the Amerindian tribes and peoples