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Apollo Milton Olin (A. M. O.) Smith Papers

Creator:
Smith, Apollo Milton Olin (A. M. O.), 1911-1997  Search this
Names:
Smith, Apollo Milton Olin (A. M. O.), 1911-1997  Search this
Extent:
1.09 Cubic feet ((1 records center box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Drawings
Photographs
Publications
Date:
1935-1981
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the significant writings of Smith, including writings relating to his contributions to boundary layer theory. The collection also includes Smith's notebooks and related photographs of his post-World War II on-site appraisal of Nazi aeronautical developments.
Biographical / Historical:
Apollo Milton Olin Smith (1911-1997), an aircraft designer and engineer known as 'AMO' for most of his life, was born in Columbia, Missouri. He began constructing gliders in high school and earned Masters Degrees in both Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering from Caltech in 1938. After graduation, he began work for Douglas Aircraft, where he was to be employed until his retirement in 1975. His work for Douglas included wind tunnel testing of the A-20 bomber, performance analysis of the DC-5 and aerodynamic design of the A-26 light bomber. During a leave of absence from Douglas, he served as first chief engineer of the Aerojet Co. Smith's work in aerodynamics led to his participation in an important post-World War II mission to Germany, which revealed that country's developments in swept-wing design. AMO Smith's subsequent research would make him a leader in aerodynamics, especially regarding his contributions to boundary layer theory. He was the recipient of many honors and awards during his lifetime and was responsible for advances in research involving the use of rocket motors to assist takeoff (JATO) and the design of the D-558 Phase 1 airplane and the F4D Skyray.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Elisazbeth Krost Smith, Gift, 2000, 2000-0014, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aerodynamics  Search this
Airplanes -- Wings, Swept-back  Search this
Airplanes -- Jet propulsion  Search this
Airplanes -- Assisted take-off  Search this
Boundary layer  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes -- Germany  Search this
Douglas F4D (F-6) Skyray Family  Search this
Douglas D-558 Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Drawings
Photographs
Publications
Identifier:
NASM.2000.0014
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2000-0014

Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm

Extent:
7 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Microfilms
Date:
1945-1946
Summary:
Collection of microfilmed translations of captured German documents mainly relating to supersonic research, swept-back wings, jet-propulsion, patents, explosives, ballistics, missiles, compressors, and other aeronautical subjects.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is an incomplete set of microfilmed translations of captured German documents mainly relating to supersonic research, swept-back wings, jet-propulsion, patents, explosives, ballistics, missiles, compressors, and other aeronautical subjects. This set contains rolls 1, 3-4, 6, 8-9, and 14.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
Documents are filmed in Army Air Forces Air Technical Services Command (AAF ATSC) Translation File Number order. Files numbers are in the form "CGD-#".
Biographical / Historical:
In the final days of World War II, the advancing Allied armies captured a large number of documents from the German and Japanese governments. These documents were taken to various sites in Europe and the United States for evaluation and appraisal. Those documents considered valuable were microfilmed for preservation.
Abbreviations:
AAF -- [United States] Army Air Forces

ADRC -- Air Document Research Center, USSTAF (later T-2)

AEL -- Aeronautical Engine Laboratory, Bureau of Aeronautics, United States Navy

ATSC -- Air Technical Service Command, United States Army Air Forces

AVA Göttingen -- Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt Göttingen E.V.

BuAer -- Bureau of Aeronautics, United States Navy

BuOrd -- Bureau of Ordnance, United States Navy

BuShips -- Bureau of Ships, United States Navy

DAL -- Deutsche Akademie für Luftfahrtforschung [German Academy for Aeronautical Research]

DFS -- Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug "Ernst Udet" [Ernst Udet German Glider Research Institute]

DVL -- Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt E.V. [German Avaition Research Institute]

FB -- Forschungsbericht [Research Report]

FKFS -- Forschungsinstitut für Kraftfahrwesen und Fahrzeugmotoren Stuttgart [Research Institute of Automotive Engineering and Vehicle Engines Stuttgart]

GDV -- Gasdynamische Versuchsanstalt [Gas Dynamics Research Institute]

HVP -- Heeres Versuchsanstalt Peenemünde [Army Experimental Institute, Peenemünde]

KWIS -- Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Strömungsforschung [Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Flow Research]

LFA -- Luftfahrtforschungsanstalt Hermann Göring E.V. [Hermann Göring Aviation Research Institute]

NAA -- North American Aviation

NavOrd -- Bureau of Ordnance, United States Navy

NavShips -- Bureau of Ships, United States Navy

NOL -- Naval Ordnance Laboratory, United States Navy

ONI -- Office of Naval Intelligence, United States Navy

RLM -- Reichs Luftfahrtministerium (Aviation Ministry)

UM -- Untersuchungen und Mitteilungen [Investigations and Communications]

USSTAF -- United States Strategic and Tactical Air Forces, United States Army Air Forces

VDE -- Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker [Association of German Electrical Engineers]

VDM -- Vereingte Deutsche Metallwerke

WAC -- Wright Aeronautical Corporation

WVA -- Wasserbau-Versuchsanstalt [Hydraulics Research Institute]

ZWB -- Zentrale für wissenschaftliches Berichtswesen der Luftfahrtforschung des Generalluftzeugmeisters [Central Office for Scientific Reporting of Aviation Research]
Provenance:
United States Navy?, unknown, unknown, XXXX.0408, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Jet propulsion  Search this
Airplanes -- Wings, Swept-back  Search this
Aerodynamics, supersonic  Search this
Airplanes -- Germany  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Microfilms
Citation:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm, Acc. XXXX.0408, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0408
See more items in:
Captured German Aeronautical Documents (CGD) Microfilm
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0408
Online Media:

Dr. Karl Nickel Horten Interviews

Creator:
Nickel, Karl, Dr., 1924-2009  Search this
Names:
Horten, Reimar, 1915-1993  Search this
Horten, Walter, 1912-1988  Search this
Extent:
0.08 Cubic feet (1 container.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Date:
2005
Summary:
This collection consists of an five days of interview by Russell Lee with Dr. Karl Nickel, and his wife, Guinilde, who was the sister of Reimar and Walter Horten.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of an interview by Russell Lee with Dr. Karl Nickel, and his wife, Guinilde, who was the sister of Reimar and Walter Horten. The collection consists of five days of interviews [conducted October 4-8, 2005], recorded on eight cassette tapes, as well as Lee's handwritten notes for each tape. The interview discussed the Hortens and their swept-wing aircraft designs, and was used in Lee's 2011 book, Only the Wing: Reimar Horten's Epic Quest to Stabilize and Control the All-wing Aircraft .
Arrangement:
Chronological order.
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Karl Nickel (1924-2009), best known for his work with interval mathematics computations, began his academic career with work on the solution of aerodynamic problems and boundary layer theory. During the 1940s, Nickel worked for Reimer and Walter Horten, the designers and builders of swept-wing aircraft, as a mathematician. Nickel also sampled the prone layout of the Horten III-f, which he flew in 1944. After World War II, Nickel received his Diploma in Mathematics from Gottingen University in 1948 and his Doctor of Mathematics from the Universities of Tubingen and Stuttgart in 1949. From 1951-1955 Nickel was employed in aircraft design in Argentina. In the mid-1950s, Nickel returned to Germany where he served as a professor of applied mathematics at the University of Karlsruhe and the University of Freiburg.
Provenance:
Russell Lee, Gift, 2018, NASM.2018.0058
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Horten III-f  Search this
Airplanes -- Wings, Swept-back  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Citation:
Dr. Karl Nickel Horten Interviews, NASM.2018.0058, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2018.0058
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2018-0058

[Technical reports on air traffic control, the H/D climb and descent system, aircraft climbing rates, and stalling characteristics of swept wing aircraft]

Author:
Australia Department of Civil Aviation  Search this
Physical description:
<4> v. : ill
Type:
Books
Date:
1960
1960-
Topic:
Air traffic control  Search this
Airplanes--Takeoff  Search this
Airplanes--Landing  Search this
Stalling (Aerodynamics)  Search this
Airplanes--Wings, Swept-back  Search this
Call number:
TL507 .A9325
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_473320

German development of the swept wing : 1935-1945 / edited by Hans-Ulrich Meier ; with contributions from Burghard Ciesla ... [et al.] ; translated by Egon Stanewsky

Author:
Meier, H. U (Hans Ulrich)  Search this
Ciesla, Burghard  Search this
Physical description:
xxxii, 733 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Date:
2010
C2010
20th century
Topic:
Airplanes--Wings, Swept-back--Research--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1001575

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