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Aviation Specialties Unlimited Challenger III

Materials:
Steel tube, wood, fabric, carbon graphite, aluminum fabric, Kevlar
Dimensions:
Overall: 579.1cm, 6.045m, 248.9cm, 556.1kg (19 ft., 19 ft. 10 in. × 8 ft. 2 in., 1226lb.)
3-D (Empty Weight from Data Plate): 556.1kg (1226lb.)
3-D (Gross Weight from Data Plate): 795.2kg (1753lb.)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Credit Line:
Gift of Sandy & David Ellison
Inventory Number:
A20210246000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Thomas W. Haas We All Fly
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv92a774159-0d6f-4f46-8926-e2a00572f325
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20210246000

An Evening with America's First Female Thunderbird Pilot

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2008-04-25T19:28:14.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
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SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Xlhz-5x1BBY

An Evening with America's First Female Thunderbird Pilot

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
Lectures
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2008-08-08T08:01:31.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
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SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_v0jZnTf-MIg

Programming a Drone Air Show

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-11-19T20:10:11.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
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airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_2G0NnLtiKjU

Build Your Own Simple Kite

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-08-31T15:00:11.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
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airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_JYuQduJ1ZoE

Flights of Fancy Story Time: At the Air Show

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-03-09T16:00:13.000Z
YouTube Category:
People & Blogs  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
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airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_RkqR7cWYQfI

Flights of Fancy Story Time: "Barnstorming Pilots, Flying Circuses and Air Shows"

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2020-06-16T15:00:14.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
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airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_V1o84iybFkM

"Early Flight" Exhibition | National Air and Space Museum in DC

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2022-10-11T22:38:51.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
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airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_YxYzuwXmz1s

Create a Flying Circus Shadow Box

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2021-07-27T15:00:20.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
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airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_eat1IFWnGXY

Jenny JN-4D Installation in America by Air Exhibition

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2009-05-28T22:05:53.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
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airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_fGpS5eo2qZ4

Bob Hoover: A Legendary Stick and Rudder Man

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
Lectures
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-02-18T18:21:55.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
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airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_gXyDRG9za3c

Aerobatic Flight

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-08-12T20:33:51.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences  Search this
See more by:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_qYqs4kCa7NY

Curtiss-Wright CW-1 Junior

Manufacturer:
Curtiss Aeroplane Company  Search this
Materials:
Fuselage - steel tube with fabric cover
Wings - wood with fabric cover
Dimensions:
Wing span: 9 m (29 ft. 6 in.)
Length: 6.5 m (21ft. 3 in.)
Height: 2.2 m (7 ft. 4 in.)
Weight: 251.7 kgs (555 lbs.)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1930-1932
Credit Line:
Gift of Robert E. Maytag
Inventory Number:
A19590100000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
Vertical Flight
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv969d946cc-41d7-4912-a28e-f402c444d249
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19590100000

Curtiss 1A "Gulfhawk"

Manufacturer:
Curtiss Airplane Co.  Search this
Materials:
Fuselage: steel tube with fabric cover
Dimensions:
Wingspan: 9.9 m (31 ft 6 in)
Length: 6.7 m (22 ft 10 in)
Height: 2.4 m (8 ft 11 in)
Weight, empty: 978 kg (2,161 lb)
Weight, gross: 1,342 kg (2,963 lb)
Top speed: 249 km/h (155 mph)
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Wasp R-1340, 600 hp
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
ca. 1929
Credit Line:
Gift of Dolphin D. Overton
Inventory Number:
A19700171000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
General Aviation
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9fee9d5d5-76be-41b9-bc2a-9cc1edff02dd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19700171000
Online Media:

Bede BD-5B

Manufacturer:
Albert C. Beckwith  Search this
Peter K. Graichen  Search this
Dimensions:
Wingspan: 6.6 m (21 ft 6 in)
Length: 4.1 m (13 ft 4 in)
Height: 1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)
Weights: Empty, 243.2 kg (535 lb)
Gross, 431.8 kg (950 lb)
Engine: Honda Civic EB-2 turbocharged, 101 horsepower
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of Albert C. Beckwith and Peter Graichen.
Inventory Number:
A19840839000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Boeing Aviation Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9e2d093a9-5984-4555-9c00-b2e7f944b2e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19840839000
Online Media:

Cap, American Legion, William J. Powell

Manufacturer:
Clyde Kelly Cap  Search this
Owner:
William J. Powell  Search this
Materials:
wool, copper alloy, leather
Dimensions:
Clothing (Flat): 27.6 x 1 x 12.9cm (10 7/8 in. x 3/8 in. x 5 1/16 in.)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Helmets & Headwear
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of William J. Powell, III.
Inventory Number:
A20100220000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9002ade0f-6a70-4517-881b-eb8256ed66da
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20100220000

Betty Skelton Collection

Creator:
Skelton, Betty, 1926-  Search this
Names:
Fellow Lady Astronaut Trainees (FLATS, "Mercury 13")  Search this
Pitts Aviation Enterprises, Inc.  Search this
Pitts S-1 Special, Little Stinker  Search this
Project Mercury (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
8.21 Cubic feet (10 legal document boxes, 4 flatboxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Advertisements
Clippings
Date:
circa 1920-2005
Summary:
In 2002 Betty Skelton donated a collection of materials outlining her career as an aviatrix and race car driver to the National Air and Space Museum. The donated material consists primarily of news clippings, pamphlets, magazines, photographs, and scrapbooks covering the span of Ms. Skelton's career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists primarily of news clippings, pamphlets, magazines, photographs, and scrapbooks covering the span of Ms. Skelton's career.
Arrangement:
The collection has been divided into three series. The first series contains information on Betty Skelton's personal life, including birth and wedding announcements and family photos. The second, pertaining to her professional life, spans a broad range of materials covering the various careers pursued by Ms. Skelton. The third series consists of oversized items such as scrapbooks and large format magazines. Each series is further divided by format (i.e. news clippings, brochures, and photographs) and then chronologically.

SERIES I: Personal

News clippings; Photographs

SERIES II: Professional

News clippings, Programs and Pamphlets; Correspondence; Magazines/Press Releases; Photographs; Negatives

SERIES III: Oversized Materials
Biographical / Historical:
Betty Skelton Frankman, noted aviatrix, automobile test driver, race car driver, and business woman, was born in 1926 in Pensacola, Florida. Her interest in aviation was kindled at a young age while watching Navy stunt pilots practice. Soon, she and her parents began taking flying lessons and Betty soloed for the first time at age 12, four years before the legal age. As soon as she was legally able, age 16, Betty got her pilot's license. At age 19 she joined the Civil Air Patrol while also working as a flight instructor at her father's aviation school. She began a professional career as an aerobatic pilot in 1946, flying a 1929 Great Lakes 2T1A biplane. In 1948, while flying that aircraft, Betty won her first International Aerobatic Championship for Women. She would repeat this achievement in 1949 and 1950 while flying a Pitts-Special S-1C that she nicknamed "Little Stinker." By 1951 Betty realized that she had gone as far as a woman could go in aviation and retired.

Through a chance meeting with Bill France, the founder of the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR), Betty began a second career as a test and race car driver. She set multiple land speed records and two transcontinental speed records. Her work with Dodge and Chevrolet led her to her next career as an advertising executive for Campbell-Ewald Advertising Agency, the firm that handled Chevrolet advertising.

In 1959, Betty was given the opportunity to train with the original Mercury 7 astronauts. She completed the same physical and physiological tests as the astronauts, but knew a woman was not destined to be the first American in space. The experience resulted in only a cover story in LOOK magazine (Vol. 24 No. 3 Feb. 2, 1960). In 1965, Betty married Donald Frankman and, eventually, the two moved to Florida and started a real estate business.

Betty held more combined aviation and automotive records than any other person. Her aviation achievements included: a world speed record for piston engine aircraft (unofficial), two light plane altitude records, and three international aerobatic championships. Her achievements in the automotive field included a women's closed course speed record (144.02 mph), a speed record for 200-249 cubic inch piston displacement (105.8 mph), a 24-hour stock car endurance record, a transcontinental record New York to Los Angeles (56 hrs 58 mins.), four land speed records, a South American transcontinental auto speed record, and multiple Bonneville Speed and Endurance Records.

She was also inducted into many halls of fame including, the International Aerobatic Hall of Fame, the NASCAR International Motorsports Hall of Fame, the Corvette Hall of Fame, the Tampa Sports Hall of Fame, and the Florida Women's Hall of Fame. In 1985, Betty and Don donated her Pitts Special "Little Stinker" to the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum (NASM). It currently hangs at the entrance to NASM's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center at Dulles, Virginia. Betty and her second husband, Dr. Allan Erde, retired to The Villages, Florida, a popular retirement community where many residents use golf carts to get from place to place. But Betty, in keeping with her moniker as the "fastest woman on Earth," drove a bright red Corvette convertible. She died at her home on August 31, 2011, at the age of 85.

The following timeline covers key events in Skelton's life, as well as in the aerospace and automotive industries. Events involving Skelton are shown in normal type while those of the latter are shown in italics.

Timeline of Betty Skelton

6/28/1926 -- Betty is born in Pensacola, Florida

May 1927 -- Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo west to east transatlantic flight

May 1932 -- Amelia Earhart becomes first women to solo across the Atlantic

1937 -- Amelia Earhart and Captain Fred Noonan go missing

12/7/1941 -- Bombing of Pearl Harbor forces American entry into World War II

1942 -- Officially soloed and received pilot's license at age 16

1944 -- Women's Airforce Service Pilots program ends

1945 -- Joins the Civil Air Patrol, eventually achieving rank of Major

May 1945 -- End of War in Europe

August 1945 -- Atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki followed by Japanese surrender and end of World War II

1946 -- Begins career as aerobat at Southeastern Air Exposition in Jacksonville, Florida

1947 -- The United States Air Force becomes an independent military service Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier becoming the first man to fly faster than the speed of sound

1948 -- Becomes International Aerobatics Champion for women Buys "Little Stinker" Orville Wright dies at age 76 Berlin Airlift begins operation NASCAR is formed

1949 -- Pilots the smallest plane to cross the Irish Sea Represents United States in RAF Pageant – Belfast, Ireland Sets World Light Plane Altitude Record (~26,000 ft) First non-stop round the world flight is made by Capt. James Gallagher Represents United States in International Air Pageant – London, United Kingdom Unofficially sets world Speed Record for engine aircraft (426 mph) Retains title as International Aerobatics Champion for women

1950 -- Retains title of International Aerobatics Champion for women Becomes hostess of radio program "Van Wilson's Greeting Time"

1951 -- Four monkeys become the first living creatures to travel in space Retires from Flying Sets World Light Plane Altitude Record (~29,000 ft)

1953 -- Jacqueline Cochran becomes first women to fly faster than the speed of sound Stars in a movie short about motor boat jumping Meets Bill France and takes first ride in pace car

1954 -- Sets Stock Car Flying Mile Record (105.88 mph) Sets new world women's closed course record (144.02 mph) Sets new world women's closed course record (143.44 mph) First woman to drive an Indy Car

1955 -- Participates in Stock Car Endurance Run

1956 -- Becomes an advertising executive for Campbell-Ewald Participates in Stock Car Endurance Run First successful launch of a Chrysler Redstone Rocket from Cape Canaveral Sets new land speed record (145.044 mph) Sets transcontinental record New York to Los Angeles (56 hrs 58 mins)

1957 -- Sputnik 2 carries first dog into space Participates in Mobilgas Economy Run Sputnik is launched by the Soviet Union

1958 -- United States launches Explorer 1, the first US satellite to enter Earth's orbit National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is established South American Transcontinental Auto Speed Record (41hrs 14 mins)

1959 -- Trains with Mercury 7 astronauts

1960 -- Participates in Mobilgas Economy Run

1961 -- Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space Participates in Mobilgas Economy Run Yuri Gagarin becomes first man in space

1962 -- Cuban Missile Crisis Participates in Baja Run

1963 -- John F. Kennedy is assassinated Valentina Tereshkova becomes first women in space

1965 -- Sets new land speed record (315 mph) Marries Donald A. Frankman

1967 -- An accident during testing of Apollo 1 kills Virgil Grissom, Roger Chaffee, and Edward White

1969 -- Successfully lobbies to end discrimination against female pilots in air racing Becomes Vice President of Campbell-Ewald's new Women's Market and Advertising Department Apollo 11 is launched with Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins, making Neil Armstrong the first man on the moon

1970 -- Explosion onboard Apollo 13 First scheduled service of the Boeing 747

1972 -- The last manned mission to the moon, Apollo 17 is completed President Nixon announces funding for the building of a reusable space shuttle

1974 -- Charles Lindbergh dies at age 72

1975 -- Apollo/Soyuz Test Project and Soyuz 19 successfully dock in Earth orbit

1977 -- Begins working for First Florida Realty Publishes book Little Stinker British Airways and Air France begin regular Concorde service from New York's JKF Airport National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launches Voyager I & II

1980 -- Jacqueline Cochran dies at age 74

1981 -- Space Shuttle Columbia launches for the first shuttle mission

1983 -- Sally Ride becomes first American woman in space

1985 -- Donates Little Stinker to NASM

1986 -- Space Shuttle Challenger explodes on take off Soviet Union launches Mir Space Station

1988 -- Inducted into International Aerobatic Hall of Fame (1st woman)

1989 -- Destruction of the Berlin Wall

1993 -- Inducted into NASCAR International Motorsports Hall of Fame (1st woman) Inducted into Florida Women's Hall of Fame

1997 -- Inducted into Women in Aviation Pioneer Hall of Fame Mars Pathfinder lands on surface of Mars

2001 -- Space Station Mir ends its 15 year life in space Inducted into Corvette Hall of Fame (1st woman) Donald A. Frankman dies

2003 -- Concorde service between the United States and Europe ends Inducted into International Council of Air Shows Foundation Hall of Fame

2005 -- Marries Allan Erde Inducted into National Aviation Hall of Fame

2008 -- Inducted into Motorsports Hall of Fame of America

8/31/2011 -- Betty dies at her home in The Villages, Florida
Provenance:
Betty Skelton, Gift, 2001
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Pitts S-1 Special  Search this
Pitts aircraft  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Airplane racing  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Stunt flying  Search this
Automobile racing  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Licenses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Advertisements
Clippings
Citation:
Betty Skelton Collection, NASM.2002.0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2002.0002
See more items in:
Betty Skelton Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b042e943-f87d-46e2-ad47-4d2ad6077728
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2002-0002
Online Media:

News clippings, Event brochures, Pamphlets, Correspondence - Punta Gorda Air Show

Collection Creator:
Skelton, Betty, 1926-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2008
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Betty Skelton Collection, NASM.2002.0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Betty Skelton Collection
Betty Skelton Collection / Series 2: Professional
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg25054281f-52e6-4b6c-a452-8a52bfacebf2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2002-0002-ref134

News clippings, Event brochures, Pamphlets, Correspondence - Air Shows

Collection Creator:
Skelton, Betty, 1926-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1946-1969
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Betty Skelton Collection, NASM.2002.0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Betty Skelton Collection
Betty Skelton Collection / Series 2: Professional
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27edbc7c6-7cd4-4a9e-bdb1-74e99c304322
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2002-0002-ref29

Photographs - Air Shows

Collection Creator:
Skelton, Betty, 1926-  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1946-1982
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Betty Skelton Collection, NASM.2002.0002, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Betty Skelton Collection
Betty Skelton Collection / Series 2: Professional
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg20d227a40-671f-4df8-8fa4-f70cd00f527e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2002-0002-ref68

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