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Blanche Stuart Scott Collection

Creator:
Scott, Blanche Stuart, 1889-1970  Search this
Names:
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Scott, Blanche Stuart, 1889-1970  Search this
Extent:
0.75 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1911-1969
Summary:
This collection consists of memorabilia relating to Blanche Stuart Scott. The material includes her certificates, membership cards, and ribbons, as well as a collection of newspaper clippings dating from 1939-1969.
Contents note:
The Blanche Stuart Scott Collection (NASM.XXXX.0062) contains approximately one cubic foot of material relating to the pioneer aviatrix. It includes correspondence, memorabilia and a great many newspaper clippings which have been photocopied onto acid-free paper.
Arrangement:
Original order, when identified, has been maintained.
Biographical/Historical note:
Blanche Stuart "Betty" Scott was born April 8, 1889, in Rochester, New York, where her father had a patent medicine business. Impetuous by nature, she soon attracted the attention and ire of the local authorities. The Rochester City Council objected to a thirteen year old driving an automobile about their city. However, there was not yet a minimum age for driving; Blanche was able to continue with her motoring trips.

A few years later, she would again make headlines behind the wheel of a car. In 1910, after attending finishing school, Scott became one of the first women to drive an automobile cross-country, travelling from New York to San Francisco. The trip was sponsored by the Willys-Overland Company and the car dubbed "Lady Overland." At the time, there were only 218 miles of paved road outside of the cities of the United States. Scott's trip totaled over six thousand miles, zigzagging between Overland dealers. Scott was accompanied by newspaperwoman Gertrude Buffington Phillips, who did no driving but filed reports as they progressed westward. They left New York on May 16 and reached San Francisco on July 23, 1910.

The trip had given Scott a taste for adventure and publicity. After meeting the press agent for Curtiss, Scott went to Hammondsport, New York, in August or September of 1910. She was accepted as Glenn H. Curtiss's first and only female student. Her first flight was on a 35 hp Curtiss pusher fitted with a governor to prevent takeoff on a student's taxi down the field. However, during one of Scott's "grass-cutting" sessions, a gust of wind lifted her suddenly airborne. She achieved a true solo flight shortly thereafter.

There is conflicting evidence regarding the exact date of Blanche Stuart Scott's first solo flight. That date was recognized by the Early Birds to be September 6, 1910. The date is variously given in newspaper accounts as early as August 18, 1910 and as late as mid-October of that year. Unfortunately, a fire reportedly claimed some of Ms. Scott's personal memorabilia during her lifetime. Whether Blanche Stuart Scott or Bessica Raiche was indeed America's first female aviator may never be determined.

After instruction, she joined Glenn Curtiss's Exhibition Team and made her first public appearance in Fort Wayne, Indiana, on October 24, 1910. Thus began the career of the woman who indisputably holds the title of America's first female professional flier, then billed as "The Tomboy of the Air." During her exhibition career she earned up to five thousand dollars a week, appearing in meets with such luminaries as Lincoln Beachey and Harriet Quimby.

In 1911, Scott found herself in the odd position of inadvertently setting an aviation record. Scott took off from Mineola one afternoon and impulsively flew sixty miles before alighting back at the field. It was the first woman's long distance flight.

Not long after, Scott became the first female test pilot. After contracting to fly for Glenn L. Martin in 1912, she flew Martin prototypes before the final blueprints for the aircraft had been made. In 1913, Scott joined the Ward Exhibition Team. She retired from active flying in 1916.

By the 1930s Scott was working in media, both print and broadcast. She spent nine years in California, writing for RKO, Universal, Warner Brothers, and other studios. In a succession of radio shows, Scott appeared as "Roberta" on Hollywood and Rochester area stations, which she wrote and produced. She would also try her hand at stage appearances and short story writing.

On September 6, 1948, Scott was once again achieving distinction. On a flight with pilot Charles E. Yeager in a TF-80C, she became the first American woman to ride in a jet. For the pleasure of his passenger, Yeager included some snap rolls and a 14,000 foot dive.

With her skills and experience, Blanche Stuart Scott was uniquely suited for her next mission. Beginning in 1954, she began work for the United States Air Force Museum. Acting as a travelling public relations unit, she sought to obtain materials related to early flight for that museum's collection.

Blanche Stuart Scott passed away on January 12, 1970. She was a member of the Early Birds, the OX-5 Club, and the Long Island Early Fliers Club.
Provenance:
Unknown, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0062.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Blanche Stuart Scott Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0062
See more items in:
Blanche Stuart Scott Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2c43b9ef1-a9d3-4eae-b6e7-5d1b20e22af5
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0062
Online Media:

A. Francis Arcier Collection

Creator:
Arcier, A. Francis, 1890-1969  Search this
Names:
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Fokker Aircraft Corp  Search this
GAC (General Airplanes Corp)  Search this
Waco Aircraft Company  Search this
Wittemann Aircraft Corp  Search this
Arcier, A. Francis, 1890-1969  Search this
Extent:
2.97 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Financial records
Publications
Date:
Circa 1890-1981
Summary:
A. Francis Arcier, (1890-1969) was an aviator, scientist, designer and engineer whose pioneering work in aviation design spanned six decades and earned him many honors.
Scope and Contents:
The A. Francis Arcier Collection contains approximately 3 cubic feet of material relating to his extraordinary career in aviation. This collection has biographical and professional documents, technical information on aircraft designs, patents, correspondence, newspaper clippings, publications, certificates, photographs, negatives and three scrapbooks.

Note: The digital images shown for this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product which did not reproduce all materials found in this collection; some items have not been scanned.
Arrangement:
Every effort was made to provide dates when possible and each series is arranged in chronological order.

The collection is arranged as follows:

Series 1: Biographical and professional material

Series 2: Technical material

Series 3: Publications

Series 4: Photographs

Series 5: Scrapbooks
Biographical/Historical note:
A. Francis Arcier, (1890-1969) was an aviator, scientist, designer and engineer whose pioneering work in aviation design spanned six decades and earned him many honors. Born in London, he studied aeronautics in Passey, France under Sir Gustave Eiffel, the designer of the Eiffel Tower. He served as draftsman for such notable aircraft designers as Gabriel Voisin, Henri Coanda, Frank Barnivell and Gordon England. At the age of 21, he learned to fly and received his international aviator's certificate. He served as a flight instructor at the Hall School of Flying in Hendon, England and during World War I, with Handley Page, Ltd. He designed the first twin engine and the first four engine bombers used by the United States and its Allies. Arcier emigrated to the United States in 1919 and was employed as Chief Engineer at the Witteman Aircraft Corporation, makers of the Barling Bomber designed by Arcier. It was the largest heavier-than-air aircraft of its time. During his years with Witteman, Arcier won the Army Air Service Engineering Divisions' design competition for a bomber aircraft design. That same year, Arcier became Chief Engineer for the Fokker Aircraft Corporation, where among other notable accomplishments, he designed the Fokker Trimotor Transport which was used by Amelia Earhart and by Richard Byrd in his flight over the North Pole and also across the North Atlantic. After Arcier attained his United States citizenship in 1929, he became Vice President of Operations and Director of the General Airplanes Corporation in Buffalo, New York. In 1930 under his leadership, the "Mailplane", one of the first all-metal airplanes, was built. Later in 1930, Arcier became Chief Engineer of the Weaver Aircraft Company, WACO. He worked for WACO for 17 years in various capacities. Arcier and the Waco Aircraft Company made many contributions to the National Defense Program during World War II such as the Model UPF-7. The Waco Company was entrusted with the entire combat and cargo glider Program of the U.S. Army Air Forces. This was initiated in an Army Design Competition which the Company won and resulted in a program involving the design, prototype construction and, in some cases, production construction of some twelve models ranging from Model CG-3A to the CG-15A. These gliders were built by the thousands under Arcier's technical direction by sixteen prime contractors and many hundreds of sub-contractors throughout the nation. In 1948, Arcier became Chief Scientist for U.S. Air Force Intelligence at Wright- Patterson AFB until he retired in 1963. After his retirement, he served as consultant to the Commander, Foreign Technology Division and Special Advisor to the Division's Advisory Group on scientific and technical intelligence matters. Among his honors were the USAF Meritorious Civilian Service Award (1953), and the USAF Distinguished Civilian Service Award (1961.) A. Francis Arcier died on November 21, 1969.
Provenance:
Elizabeth Arcier, gift, 1972, additional material received from Francis Arnoult, 2019, NASM.XXXX.0072.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Aeronautical engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Correspondence
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Financial records
Publications
Citation:
A. Francis Arcier Collection, NASM.XXXX.0072, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0072
See more items in:
A. Francis Arcier Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a9cd4a53-f5c5-431d-b9b8-8431ee1c2f80
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0072
Online Media:

Meaning of flight in the 20th century, conference proceedings

Author:
National Aerospace Conference Proceedings (1998 : Dayton, Ohio)  Search this
Wright State University  Search this
Dayton Power and Light Company  Search this
United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Search this
Ohio Aerospace Institute  Search this
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
University of Dayton  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
2003 Fund Committee  Search this
Physical description:
x, 450 pages : illustrations, maps, portraits ; 26 cm
Type:
Congresses
Conference papers and proceedings
History
Date:
1999
Topic:
Aeronautics--History  Search this
Aeronautics--Technological innovations--History  Search this
Flight--History  Search this
Flight--Political planning--History  Search this
Flight--Technology--History  Search this
Flight--Science--History  Search this
Call number:
TL505 .N2695 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1096111

The Air Force Museum / by Nick P. Apple and Gene Gurney

Author:
Apple, Nick P  Search this
Gurney, Gene  Search this
Subject:
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 216 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
C1983
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military--History  Search this
Call number:
UG623.3.U62 D3832 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_720637

United States Air Force Museum

Author:
Air Force Museum Foundation  Search this
Air Force Museum Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
72 p.: ill. ; 22 x 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Ohio
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
United States
Date:
1969
Ca.1969
Topic:
Aeronautical museums  Search this
Airplanes, Military--History  Search this
Airplanes, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Military--History  Search this
Call number:
UG623.3.U62 .U58 1969
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_729774

Who's who in American aeronautics ... Compiled by Lester D. Gardner

Title:
Blue book of American airmen 1925-1928
Author:
Gardner, Lester D (Lester Durand) 1876-1956  Search this
Former owner:
Brooks, A. R. DSI  Search this
Kepner, William E. DSI  Search this
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. ill., ports. 24-32 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1922
1928
1922-1928
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Call number:
TL539 .W62
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_773267

United States Air Force Museum

Title:
Aircraft brochure
U.S. Air Force Museum
Air Force Museum
Author:
Air Force Museum Foundation  Search this
Subject:
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Books
Place:
Ohio
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
United States
Date:
2004
[2004]
Topic:
Aeronautical museums  Search this
Aeronautics, Military--History  Search this
Airplanes, Military  Search this
Call number:
TL685.3 .U55 2004
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_789609

The Air Force Museum / by Nick P. Apple and Gene Gurney

Author:
Apple, Nick P  Search this
Gurney, Gene  Search this
Subject:
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
[8], 216 p. : chiefly ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2003
C2003
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military--History  Search this
Airplanes, Military  Search this
Call number:
UG623.3.U62 D3832 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_789856

Index of Air Force Technical reports

Title:
Index to Reports of Matériel Division, U.S. Army Air Corps
Annual index of Army Air Forces Technical reports
Annual index of U.S. Air Force Technical reports
Author:
United States Air Force Air Matériel Command  Search this
United States Army Air Corps  Search this
United States Army Air Forces  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
v. ; 23-28 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Indexes
Place:
United States
Date:
1927
19uu
1927-
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Call number:
TL501 .U518 1927
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_630698

American eagles : a history of the United States Air Force : featuring the collection of the U.S. Air Force Museum / text by Ron Dick; photographs by Dan Patterson

Title:
History of the United States Air Force
Author:
Dick, Ron 1931-  Search this
Patterson, Dan 1953-  Search this
Air Force Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
United States Air Force History  Search this
United States Army Air Forces History  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 456 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military--History  Search this
Call number:
UG633 .D532 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_534336

Field report covering air-raid protection and allied subjects in Osaka, Japan / Civilian Defense Division, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey

Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 150 p., [4] folded leaves of plates : ill., maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Osaka
Osaka (Japan)
Date:
1947
Bombardment, 1945
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Destruction and pillage  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Civil defense  Search this
Air defenses  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
D767.25.O8 U58 1947
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549170

Field report covering air-raid protection and allied subjects in Nagasaki, Japan / Civilian Defense Division, United States Strategic Bombing Survey

Title:
Air-raid protection and allied subjects in Nagasaki, Japan
Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 133 p. : ill., charts, map ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Nagasaki-shi
Nagasaki-shi (Japan)
Date:
1947
Bombardment, 1945
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Destruction and pillage  Search this
Air defenses  Search this
Civil defense  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
D767.25.N3 U582 1947
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549171

Field report covering air-raid protection and allied subjects in Kyoto, Japan / Civilian Defense Division, The United States Strategic Bombing Survey

Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 113 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Kyoto
Kyoto (Japan)
Date:
1947
Topic:
Civil defense  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
UA929.J3 U58 1947
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549172

Field report covering air-raid protection and allied subjects in Kobe, Japan / Civilian Defense Division, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey

Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 141 p., [3] folded leaves of plates : ill., maps, charts ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Kōbe-shi
Hyōgo-ken
Kōbe-shi (Japan)
Date:
1947
Bombardment, 1945
Topic:
Civil defense  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
D767.25.K75 U58 1947
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549173

Adam Opel A G, Russelsheim, Germany / Physical Damage Division, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey

Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Physical Damage Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Subject:
Opel AG  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various pagings), leaves of plates (some folded) : ill., plans ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Date:
1947
Topic:
Automobile industry and trade  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
War damage, Industrial  Search this
Call number:
D785.U58 A92 1947
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549203

Army air arsenal and Navy air depots ... airframes and engines / Aircraft Division, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey

Title:
Airframes and engines
Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Aircraft Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Subject:
Japan Rikugun Kōkūtai  Search this
Japan Rikugun  Search this
Japan Kaigun  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 68 p., [7] folded leaves of plates : ill., maps, plans ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Date:
1947
[1947]
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
War damage, Industrial  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Call number:
D785.U58 A29a 1947
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549204

Target report of Civilian Defense Division Field Team no. 82 : covering air raid protection facilities and allied subjects in the town of Bad Oldesloe, Germany

Title:
Bad Oldesloe field report
Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
20 leaves, [2] folded leaves of plates : maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Bad Oldesloe
Bad Oldesloe (Germany)
Date:
1945
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Destruction and pillage  Search this
Air defenses  Search this
Civil defense  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
D757.53 .U585 1945
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549227

The United States Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific) Civilian Defense Division summary report : covering air-raid protection and allied subjects in Japan

Title:
Civilian Defense Division summary report
Japanese civilian defense
Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 19 p. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Date:
1946
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
Civil defense  Search this
Air defenses  Search this
Call number:
D767.2 .U584 1946
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549239

Final report covering air-raid protection and allied subjects in Japan / Civilian Defense Division, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey

Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
D'Olier, Franklin  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 248 p., [1] folded leaf of plates : ill., maps ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Date:
1947
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
Civil defense  Search this
Call number:
D767.2 .U5844 1947
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549240

Target report of Civilian Defense Division Field Team no. 82, covering air raid protection facilities and allied subjects in the city of Cologne, Germany

Title:
Cologne field report
Author:
United States Strategic Bombing Survey Civilian Defense Division  Search this
Former owner:
Air Force Museum (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various foliations), leaves of plates (some folded) : ill., maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
Cologne
Cologne (Germany)
Date:
1945
1945]
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Antiaircraft artillery operations  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Destruction and pillage  Search this
Civil defense  Search this
Air defenses  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
D757.53 .U58 1945
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549242

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