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Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records

Creator:
Hills Bros. Coffee, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
65 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertising cards
16mm motion picture film
Annual reports
Artwork
Beverage labels
Blueprints
Business ephemera
Bulletins
Business letters
Business records
Catalogs
Color photographs
Color negatives
Commercial art
Correspondence
Direct mail
Ephemera
Exhibit plans
Financial records
Genealogies
Home movies
Ledger drawings
Office files
Office memoranda
Packaging
Photographic prints
Photographs
Price lists
Proof sheets
Promotional literature
Receipts
Sales records
Scrapbooks
Sound recordings
Television programs
Window displays
Date:
1856-1989, undated
Summary:
Printed advertisements, scrapbooks, correspondence, marketing research, radio commercial scripts, photographs, proof sheets, reports, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, television commercial storyboards, blueprints, legal documents, and audiovisual materials primarily documenting the history, business practices, and advertising campaigns of the Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated. Collection also documents the professional and private lives of the Hills family; insight into the cultivation, production, and selling of coffee; and construction of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of printed advertisements, scrapbooks, correspondence, marketing research, radio commercial scripts, photographs, proof sheets, reports, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, television commercial storyboards, blueprints, legal documents, and audiovisual materials. These materials primarily document the history, business practices, and advertising campaigns of Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated. Correspondence, genealogies, and home movies reveal a more domestic and social Hills family while company records document business activities outside of the home. Company records also provide insight into the cultivation, production, and selling of coffee, and the company's technological responses to the changes in the coffee trade, and consumer consumption demands. Of interest is the company's participation in social and cultural events including the Panama Pacific International Exposition in 1915, and the Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939. In addition, the collection includes the company's documentation of the construction of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge in 1936. The collection is arranged into thirteen series.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into thirteen series.

Series 1, Hills Family Papers, 1856-1942, undated

Subseries 1.1, Austin Herbert Hills, Sr. Papers, 1856-1875, undated

Subseries 1.2, Austin Herbert Hills, Jr. Papers, 1875-1923

Subseries 1.3, Herbert Gray Hills Correspondence, 1923-1942

Series 2, Background Materials, 1896-1988, undated

Series 3, Coffee Reference Files, 1921-1980, undated

Subseries 3.1, Hills Bros. Coffee Company Literature, 1921-1976, undated

Subseries 3.2, Coffee Industry Literature, 1924-1980, undated

Series 4, Advertising Materials, circa 1890s-1987, undated

Subseries 4.1, Scrapbooks, 1906-1978, undated

Subseries 4.2, Historical Albums, 1911-1967

Subseries 4.3, Ephemera, 1890s-1987

Subseries 4.4, Portfolios, 1919-1985, undated

Subseries 4.5, Proof sheets, 1922-1968

Subseries 4.6, Advertising Forms, 1922-1971, undated

Subseries 4.7, Newspaper and Magazine Advertising, 1926-1971, undated

Subseries 4.8, Sampling Campaigns, 1928-1941

Subseries 4.9, General Files, 1923-1978, undated

Subseries 4.10, NW Ayer Advertising Agency, 1943, 1958

Subseries 4.11, Foote, Cone & Belding Advertising Agency, 1963-1968, undated

Series 5, Photographs, 1882-1973, undated

Subseries 5.1, Employees, 1882-1961, undated

Subseries 5.2, Division Offices, 1924-1931, undated

Subseries 5.3, Facilities and Vehicles, 1927-1973, undated

Subseries 5.4, Advertising, 1925-1959, undated

Subseries 5.5, Sales, circa 1921-1939, undated

Subseries 5.6, Packaging, 1884-1969, undated

Subseries 5.7, Grocery Store Displays, circa, 1901-1935

Subseries 5.8, Store Tests, 1938

Subseries 5.9, Window and Wall Displays, 1928, 1930, 1934

Subseries 5.10, Publicity, 1933-1936, undated

Subseries 5.11, Miscellaneous, 1898-1949, undated

Subseries 5.12, Coffee and Tea Industry, 1900s-1947,. undated

Series 6, Sales and Marketing Records, 1906-1989, undated

Subseries 6.1, Bulletins for Salesmen, 1912-1969

Subseries 6.2, Division Bulletins and General Letters, 1925-1927

Subseries 6.3, Correspondence, 1919-1989

Subseries 6.4, Conventions and Meetings, 1915-1971

Subseries 6.5, Salesmen Materials, 1906-1973, undated

Subseries 6.6, Reports and Studies, 1941-1978

Subseries 6.7, Marketing Research, 1956-1978, undated

Subseries 6.8, Pricing Information, 1949-1965

Series 7, Employee Records, 1934-1966

Series 8, Accounting and Financial Records, 1903-1960, undated

Series 9, Office Files, 1915-1970, undated

Subseries 9.1, General, 1915-1969, undated

Subseries 9.2, T. Carroll Wilson Correspondence, 1941-1970

Series 10, San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Materials, 1933-1986, undated

Subseries 10.1, Background Information, 1933-1986, undated

Subseries 10.2, Photographic Materials, 1933-1936, undated

Series 11, Golden Gate International Exposition Materials, 1915-1940, undated

Subseries 11.1, Coffee Theater, circa 1939

Subseries 11.2, Exposition Attendance, 1915-1940

Subseries 11.3, Correspondence, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 11.4, Construction, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 11.5, Blueprints, 1937-1939

Subseries 11.6, Behind the Cup, 1937-1940, undated

Subseries 11.7, Newspaper Cooperation, 1939

Subseries 11.8, Solicitations and Replies, 1938-1940

Subseries 11.9, Miscellaneous, 1938-1940

Series 12, World War II Materials, 1939-1949, undated

Subseries 12.1, Production and Quotas, 1942-1946

Subseries 12.2, Rationing, 1939-1946

Subseries 12.3, Containers and Closures, 1942-1949, undated

Subseries 12.4, Appeals, 1948

Subseries 12.5, Advertising Campaigns, 1942, undated

Subseries 12.6, Machinists' Strike Scrapbooks, 1945-1946

Series 13, Audio Visual Materials, 1930-1984, undated

Subseries 13.1, Moving Images, 1930-1966

Subseries 13.1.1, Television Commercials, 1951-1984

Subseries 13.1.2, Television Programs, 1951-1967

Subseries 13.1.3, Promotional Materials, 1939-1977

Subseries 13.1.4, Hills Bros. Activities, 1930-1962

Subseries 13.1.5, Miscellaneous Film and Video, 1938-1966

Subseries 13.2, Sound Recordings, 1934-1967, undated

Subseries 13.2.1, Radio Commercials, 1941-1967, undated

Subseries 13.2.2, Radio Programs and Other Broadcasts, 1934-1956, undated

Subseries 13.2.3, Cardboard Discs, 1941-1960; undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Reuben Hills, on one occasion, stated regarding his company's growth; ...success in business is fifty per cent judgment and fifty per cent propitious circumstances." The rise of Hills Bros. Coffee Incorporated from a retail dairy stall in San Francisco's old Bay City Public Market reflects the reality of Reuben's statement. Aided by brother Austin's three years of experience in the retail dairy business the early success of the brothers was in Reuben's own words both circumstance and hard work. When Reuben and Austin began to produce roasted coffee there were at least twenty-five other companies already engaged in some form of coffee production and distribution in San Francisco including, of course, the well-known Folger Company started by William Bovee (which began in San Francisco thirty years earlier). Most of these coffee businesses were started by family groups which contributed to the growth of San Francisco.

San Francisco in the nineteenth century was ripe for the importing and roasting of coffee. The foundation for commercial production of coffee dated back to the 1820s when English planters brought coffee to Costa Rica. By the early 1840s German and Belgian planters followed with coffee plantations in Guatemala and El Salvador, two of the several Central American countries where Hills Bros. would obtain its mild coffee beans. During the Gold Rush (1849) San Francisco rapidly expanded and grew. Coffee was imported and sold, after roasting, to restaurants and hotels. Yankee gold miners and others without equipment to roast and brew their own coffee, populated "coffee houses." In 1873 two brothers, Austin Herbert and Reuben Wilmarth Hills arrived in San Francisco from their home in Rockland, Maine with their father Austin who had come to California some years earlier. Five years later in 1878 A. H. and R. W. Hills established a retail stall to sell dairy products in the Bay City Market under the name of their new partnership "Hills Bros." Their small business expanded in less than four years with the acquisition of a retail coffee store titled Arabian Coffee & Spice Mills on Fourth Street in San Francisco. In two more years (1884) still larger quarters were occupied at Sacramento and Sansome Streets. Soon after this they disposed of their retail dairy business but continued as wholesale distributors of some dairy products including butter. Their coffee was labeled "Arabian Roast"' supported by the now famous trademark design of a man in turban and beard with a flowing yellow gown. This was created by a San Francisco artist named Briggs and since then (1897) has remained as the official trademark of Hills Bros. Coffee - a lasting symbol of coffee quality. Hills Bros. dairy division was eliminated in 1908 after company destruction by the San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of 1906. By 1924 all miscellaneous products including tea, had been dropped by the company which from then on referred to itself as "coffee only."

Emphasis on the quality of the finished product has long been a major selling point in the history of Hills Bros. advertising and marketing. The company's desire to keep abreast of technological advances in coffee production is a legacy of Austin and Reuben Hills, and is reflected in the company records, in its advertising and its self-perception. It was probably 1898 when Austin Hills and Thomas Hodge, partners who managed the wholesale dairy product operations were looking for a suitable can for exporting butter that could not be manufactured in San Francisco at that time, decided to consult Norton Brothers, a progressive can manufacture company in Chicago. Whether Austin traveled to Chicago or arranged with his brother Reuben to stop off there in route to New York (where he frequently spent time at the New York Green Coffee Exchange) to present the problem to Norton Brothers, which brother made the actual contact with Norton Brothers is not important today, but the results of that visit were real. Norton Brothers had just received patents on a process for packing foods in vacuum and thought it might solve the butter problem. In short order arrangements were made for shipping cans and machinery from Chicago to San Francisco including agreement for exclusive use on the West Coast for a reasonable period. Thus, Hills Bros. butter became the first known food product to ever be packed in vacuum. Once this started Reuben Hills had the idea that what worked well with butter might also be used for coffee. Experimental vacuum-packing of coffee in butter cans supported the theory that taking the air out of coffee would keep the product fresh for indefinite periods. No time was lost in getting new cans and more machinery and in July 1900 Hills Bros. Coffee as "the original vacuum-pack" was placed on the market. With the advent of this technology Hills Bros. changed the product name from "Arabian Roast" to "Hills Bros. Highest Grade Java and Mocha Coffee" and continued with the new trademark that had been started in 1897. Vacuum-packing extended the shelf life and travel ability of the product, thus new markets, national and international, were opened.

A change in the coffee industry of America was on the way. Hills Bros. remained the pioneer of vacuum-packing for thirteen years until a similar process was adopted by M.J.B., another leading coffee company in San Francisco. Other packers on the West Coast soon followed, but it was not until after World War I that East Coast coffee producers turned to vacuum-packaging.

Production and advertising of coffee continued to change with new technology. In the late 1880s San Francisco coffee importers began to "cup test" coffee beans for quality but the majority still depended on sight and smell. Reuben Hills and a few other coffee personalities in San Francisco are credited with the cup test method of appraising coffee quality. In its new home office and plant opened in San Francisco in 1926, Hills Bros. adopted "controlled roasting" in which coffee was roasted a few pounds at a time, but continuously. Developed in 1923 under the direction of Leslie Hills and Lee Maede, company engineer, "controlled roasting" employed the use of instruments to control the temperature and speed of operations, resulting in perfect roasting control that could not be depended on from batch to batch by even the most experienced coffee roasting expert. In 1914 the partnership known as Hills Bros. was incorporated under the same name. In 1928 a sales organization was formed under the name of Hills Bros. Coffee, Incorporated, but within four to five years the parent company absorbed Hills Bros. Coffee, Incorporated and adopted its name. A second plant was built in Edgewater, New Jersey, completed in 1941 to meet the needs of the increasing growth of areas between Chicago and the East Coast.

During World War II Hills Bros. faced conservation rules restricting use of tin for coffee cans. A timely method of high-speed packing in glass jars by Owens Illinois Glass Company made it possible for Hills Bros. as well as other companies in the industry to continue vacuum-packing during this period. Price control and coffee rationing were other war time necessities to which the industry adjusted.

Hills Bros. Coffee, Incorporated passed out of family ownership in 1976 when the company was purchased by a Brazilian corporation named Copersucar. In 1983 a group of local investors in San Francisco brought ownership back to where it had started and sold the business in 1984 to Nestlé Holdings, Incorporated, (effective January 1, 1985) which handled the acquisition of several companies in the United States for Nestlé S. A. Vevey, Switzerland.

Historical note written by T., Carroll Wilson, company historian and archivist, 1993.
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General Merchandise Account Book, NMAH.AC0189

Duke Ellington, NMAH.AC0301

Product Cookbooks Collection, NMAH.AC0396

Charles W. Trigg Papers, NMAH.AC0411

Princeton University Posters Collection, NMAH.AC0433

Landor Design Collection, NMAH.AC0500

Industry on Parade Film Collection, NMAH.AC0507

Sandra and Gary Baden Collection of Celebrity Endorsements in Advertising, NMAH.AC0611

Fletcher and Horace Henderson Collection, NMAH.AC0797

Division of Cultural History Lantern Slides and Stereographs, NMAH.AC0945

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Records, NMAH.AC1086

Alice Weber Photograph Albums, NMAH.AC1144

Henry "Buddy" Graf and George Cahill Vaudeville and Burlesque Collections, NMAH.AC1484

Division of Cultural History, National Museum of American History

Artifacts include coffee packaging, Golden Gate International Exposition sampling cups and saucers, a bowling shirt, and coffee cans.
Provenance:
These records were donated to the Archives Center, National Museum of American History by Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the negatives and audiovisual materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Coffee  Search this
advertising -- 20th century  Search this
advertising -- 1930-1940 -- California  Search this
advertising -- 1980-1990  Search this
Advertising agencies -- 20th century  Search this
advertising -- 1940-1950  Search this
advertising -- 1970-1980  Search this
advertising -- 1980-1990  Search this
advertising -- Audio-visual materials  Search this
advertising -- Beverages -- 1930-1990  Search this
advertising -- Business ephemera  Search this
Advertising campaigns -- 20th century  Search this
Advertising executives  Search this
Advertising, Direct-mail  Search this
Agricultural crops -- Fields  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertising cards -- 19th century.
16mm motion picture film
Annual reports
Artwork
Beverage labels
Blueprints -- 20th century
Business ephemera
Bulletins
Business letters
Business records -- 20th century
Business records -- 19th century
Catalogs -- 20th century
Color photographs
Color negatives
Commercial art
Correspondence
Correspondence -- 19th-20th century
Direct mail
Ephemera -- 19th century
Ephemera -- 20th century
Exhibit plans
Financial records -- 19th century
Financial records -- 20th century
Genealogies
Home movies
Ledger drawings
Office files
Office memoranda
Packaging -- 20th century
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 19th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Price lists
Proof sheets
Promotional literature
Receipts -- 20th century
Sales records
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Sound recordings
Sound recordings -- Audiotapes -- Open reel
Television programs
Window displays
Citation:
Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records, 1856-1989, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0395
See more items in:
Hills Bros. Coffee Company, Incorporated Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8de2ab00c-0e83-43df-9a02-26cffe43e069
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0395
Online Media:

AUFS Afghanistan Film Project

Collection Creator:
American University (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Miller, Norman N., 1933-  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (23 minutes, one film reel (803 feet) assembled film roll 16 (camera rolls 31,32), 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Full film record shot in north central Afghanistan in a mountain village near Mazar. Shots include: scenes in the village market place and along a line of shops; men socializing and drinking tea in a merchant's shop; a man winnowing wheat on a blanket and doing final stage of sifting to remove chaff; a merchant inspecting melons in his shop; man and his sons working in their irrigated garden; interview with the men about his garden.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Tea as beverage male sociability Afghanistan ; Markets vendors Afghanistan ; Wheat winnowing Afghanistan ; Garb turbans Muslims Afghanistan ; Agricultural crops melons Afghanistan ; Dwellings domestic compounds Afghanistan ; Shops shopkeepers Afghanistan ; Stimulants snuff use of Afghanistan ; Gardens irrigation Afghanistan

Credits: Di Gioia, Herbert filmmaker ; Hancock, David filmmaker ; Powell, Josephine ; Shafak, Toryali ; Dupree, Louis ; Dupree, Nancy, 1935-1980
General:
Local Numbers: HSFA 1975.2.1 - 9
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection / Accession 1975-002
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9ca14ec79-6526-4135-bd85-75b24c72c204
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2014-02-ref41

AUFS Afghanistan Film Project

Collection Creator:
American University (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Miller, Norman N., 1933-  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (26 minutes, one film reel (896 feet) assembled film rolls 18 (camera rolls 35,36), 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Full film record shot in north central Afghanistan in a mountain village near Mazar. Shots include: a sheepherder with his flock at a watering trough; drawing water from a well with a leather pouch to water sheep; long-range shots of the surrounding habitat; sheep being driven across slope away from watering trough; a sheepherder with his gun and donkey; shots of a theshing floor stacked with wheat for threshing; men reaping wheat on steep mountain slopes; long-range shots of circular mountian dwellings; a mountain compound with corral.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Herders goats sheep Afghanistan ; Burdens use of animals to carry Afghanistan ; Animal husbandry goats sheep Afghanistan ; Garb turbans Muslims Afghanistan ; Agricultural crops wheat Afghanistan ; Harvests wheat Afghanistan ; Dwellings nomadic Afghanistan ; Corals Afghanistan

Credits: Hancock, David filmmaker ; Di Gioia, Herbert filmmaker ; Powell, Josephine ; Shafak, Toryali ; Dupree, Louis ; Dupree, Nancy, 1935-1980
General:
Local Numbers: HSFA 1975.2.1 - 11
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection / Accession 1975-002
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc9d3427450-4473-4254-acaa-2cf5c531fd35
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2014-02-ref43

AUFS Afghanistan Film Project

Collection Creator:
American University (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Miller, Norman N., 1933-  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (36 minutes, one film reel (1,353 feet) assembled film rolls 19 (camera rolls 37,38), 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Full film record shot in north central Afghanistan in a mountain village near Mazar. Shots include: scenes of male sociability inside a village dwelling; men drinking tea and conversing followed by man playing a wooden flute; two men working at a threshing floor at a mountain location above the village; shots of another threshing floor where oxen are being used to pull a threshing sled over the wheat; men harvesting wheat on an adjacent hillside; long-range shots of the village in the distance bisected by river; men approaching the village with laden donkeys.

Legacy Keywords: Language and culture ; Threshing wheat threshing floor Afghanistan ; Burdens use of animals to carry Afghanistan ; Musical instruments flutes Afghanistan ; Garb turbans Muslims Afghanistan ; Agricultural crops wheat Afghanistan ; Harvests wheat Afghanistan ; Entertainment of visitors music Afghanistan ; Oxen threshing floors Afghanistan ; Music

Credits: Di Gioia, Herbert filmmaker ; Hancock, David filmmaker ; Powell, Josephine ; Shafak, Toryali ; Dupree, Louis ; Dupree, Nancy, 1935-1980
General:
Local Numbers: HSFA 1975.2.1 - 12
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection
American University Field Staff Faces of Change collection / Accession 1975-002
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc921bd22e6-ce67-44d4-81d5-70797907e4c9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-2014-02-ref44

Mount Nyiragongo and exotic crops in the Upper Afro-montane forest belt, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1971
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for Westinghouse Film and traveled to Africa from October 26, 1970 to end of March 1971.
Local Numbers:
U 3 ZAI 16.1 EE 71
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
Frame value is 12.
Slide No. U 3 ZAI 16.1 EE 71
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Natural landscapes  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 19131
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo70ccdadd1-e11f-4a76-911b-634dbf878197
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref10728

Mount Nyiragongo and exotic crops in the Upper Afro-montane forest belt, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
U 3 ZAI 17.1 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
38
Frame value is 36.
Slide No. U 3 ZAI 17.1 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Natural landscapes  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 19135
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7174e20d7-2bc4-4025-af6e-459c7eababe3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref10732

Mount Nyiragongo and exotic crops in the Upper Afro-montane forest belt, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for National Geographic and traveled to Africa from January 19, 1972 to mid April 1972.
Local Numbers:
U 3 ZAI 17.4 EE 72
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
0084
Frame value is 4.
Slide No. U 3 ZAI 17.4 EE 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Natural landscapes  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 19138
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7c550c4b3-f34a-438e-a0c1-a7902b5bff38
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref10735

Mount Nyiragongo and exotic crops in the Upper Afro-montane forest belt, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for National Geographic and traveled to Africa from January 19, 1972 to mid April 1972.
Local Numbers:
U 3 ZAI 18 EE 72
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
0084
Frame value is 2.
Slide No. U 3 ZAI 18 EE 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Natural landscapes  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 19140
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7f68cca2b-6f85-4e92-9f90-ef711314e3ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref10737

Mount Nyiragongo and exotic crops in the Upper Afro-montane forest belt, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1972
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon was on assignment for National Geographic and traveled to Africa from January 19, 1972 to mid April 1972.
Local Numbers:
U 3 ZAI 18.1 EE 72
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
0084
Frame value is 1.
Slide No. U 3 ZAI 18.1 EE 72
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Natural landscapes  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 19141
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo726a049ec-d139-4547-a426-739e48470096
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref10739

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 6.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10872
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo76982bac0-6390-4b65-ad58-c1487f9f7e57
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1526

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.1 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 3.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.1 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10873
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo708ef9cf7-853a-489d-a9cd-5de943aa4de2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1527

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.1.1 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 2.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.1.1 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10874
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo77a3cdb68-6b0a-4533-9e4a-f96fee701fea
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1528

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.2 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 7.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.2 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10875
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo776fcc883-34ec-4a9f-98e8-e6cf960766f7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1529

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.3 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 5.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.3 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10876
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo78a21f016-ddef-4bc4-bfa3-fe7634e71907
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1530

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.4 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 9.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.4 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10877
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo75a679d23-e056-480c-92bc-604c3a1a71da
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1531

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.5 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 1.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.5 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10878
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7ee229905-f0fe-40cb-adb8-067770024f45
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1532

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.6 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 4.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.6 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10879
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo72eed9af7-b83a-48ec-970e-be0622fba8e8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1533

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.7 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 8.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.7 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10880
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo78839fd6d-a390-4fe2-a5ba-26224183242a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1534

Longhorn cattle, Mount Nyiragongo in the background, the Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken when Eliot Elisofon traveled to Africa from March 17, 1970 to July 17, 1970.
Local Numbers:
M 3 ZAI 2.8 EE 70
General:
Title is provided by EEPA staff based on photographer's notes.
Local Note:
39
Frame value is 10.
Slide No. M 3 ZAI 2.8 EE 70
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Cattle -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EECL 10881
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EECL / Virunga, Congo (Democratic Republic)
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo797cd3ec7-ab5c-417c-bc81-e9dbfdc3633f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1973-001-ref1535

Mount Nyiragongo and exotic crops in the Upper Afro-montane forest belt, The Virunga Mountains, Congo (Democratic Republic)

Photographer:
Bracher, Maya  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic) (b&w, 35mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Agricultural land use patterns in the Upper Afro-Montane forest belt. In the upper zones of the Afro-Montane forest most natural vegetation has been replaced by intensive agriculture. Above aproximately 1900 meters the dominant agricultural crop, bananas, disappears and one finds either traditional cool-zone native crops such as peas, sorghum and beans or introduced (exotic) crops and trees such as the white potato (in the foreground) and cypress trees (background) along with the ubiquitous eucalyptus. This photograph was taken by Maya Bracher when she traveled to Africa from October 26, 1970 to end of March 1971. She was on assignment for Eliot Elisofon when he wrote, produced, and directed a four-hour television series for Group W (Westinghouse Broadcasting Company) titled Black African Heritage (1973). The series was divided into four segments, lasting 50 minutes each: The Congo, The Bend of the Niger, The Slave Coast, and Africa's Gift.
Local Numbers:
EENG-IX-1, 7.
General:
Title source: Index card based on photographer's notes.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Agriculture  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Negatives
Collection Citation:
Eliot Elisofon Field Collection, EEPA 1973-001, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
EEPA.1973-001, Item EEPA EENG 10651
See more items in:
Eliot Elisofon Field collection
Eliot Elisofon Field collection / Congo (Democratic Republic) / EENG / 1970
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7027368cf-7618-4fd5-a1f4-ecb945206ea5
EDAN-URL:
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