Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
23 documents - page 1 of 2

African Americans in Aeronautics

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg233df4b4b-be4b-4e70-987f-2b4d1311fbae
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76439

African Americans in Aeronautics [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.C, File C2-010000-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups / African Americans in Aeronautics
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27cf2e79d-6005-4496-82a4-6c3b180a9d7c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76440

African Americans in Aeronautics [Photos]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.C, File C2-010000-80
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups / African Americans in Aeronautics
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21efeaa74-b05f-411e-8dd8-93ad1d0ac345
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76443

Blacks in Aviation and Space Science (See: African Americans in Aeronautics and African Americans in Space Science)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28bcb7812-cb01-4bed-bced-fcda8bac3ca5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76450

Blacks in Aviation and Space Science (See: African Americans in Aeronautics and African Americans in Space Science) [Cross-reference]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
See: African Americans in Aeronautics and African Americans in Space Science
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.C, File C2-050000-00
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups / Blacks in Aviation and Space Science (See: African Americans in Aeronautics and African Americans in Space Science)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg23fbdc35b-333b-4499-9fd6-a081c6b7b2cc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76451

Louis R. Purnell in his United States Air Force Uniform

Author:
Polk's Studio, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama  Search this
Subject:
Purnell, Louis R  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.) Dept. of Astronautics  Search this
United States Army Air Forces Fighter Group, 332nd  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Paleobiology Division of Invertebrate Paleontology  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen, Inc  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Sepia; Size: 2.5w x 3.75h; Type of Image: Portrait; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Portraits
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
c. 1942
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Uniforms, Military  Search this
Museums--Employees  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0143
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12636

Louis R. Purnell in Airman Uniform

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Purnell, Louis R  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.) Dept. of Astronautics  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Paleobiology Division of Invertebrate Paleontology  Search this
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
United States Army Air Forces Fighter Group, 332nd  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen, Inc  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Portraits; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Portraits
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
c. 1942
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Uniforms, Military  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
African Americans  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0144
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12637

William J. Powell Collection

Topic:
Craftsmen Aero News (journal)
Creator:
Powell, William J., 1899-1942  Search this
Names:
"Five Blackbirds" Demonstration Team  Search this
Bessie Coleman Aero Club  Search this
Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc.  Search this
United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces  Search this
Powell, William J., 1899-1942  Search this
Extent:
0.31 Cubic feet (1 shared legal-size box 1 flat box 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Logs (records)
Date:
1917 - 1942
Summary:
The William J. Powell Collection consists of materials concerning the career and personal life of African-American entrepreneur and pilot William J. Powell, including his service in the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in World War I, his automobile business in Chicago, and his advocacy for African-American aviation as the founder of Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc., author of Black Wings, and a primary organizer of the Bessie Coleman Aero Club and the "Five Blackbirds" demonstration team. Materials include identification and membership cards, flight logs and officer records, newspaper clippings, advertisements, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains materials concerning the career and personal life of African-American entrepreneur and pilot William J. Powell, including his service in the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in World War I, his automobile business in Chicago, and his advocacy for African-American aviation as the founder of Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc., author of Black Wings, and a primary organizer of the Bessie Coleman Aero Club and the "Five Blackbirds" demonstration team.

The following types of materials are included: AEF identification card and records book, advertisements for his automobile business, his 1938-1939 flight logs, legal documents, marriage license, diploma, membership cards, burial and funeral records, and newspaper clippings. The collection also includes photographs from his time with the AEF and Bessie Coleman Aero Club, as well as portraits of Powell and his family. Materials found in the collection seem to indicate that some photographs have come from individuals other than Powell.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three categories: Aviation Career (American Expeditionary Forces and African-Americans in Aviation), Personal Materials (marriage and death records, automobile business, and memberships), and Photographs (AEF, aviation, portraits and family, and albums). Within these categories, materials are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
William J. Powell (1899-1942) was a prominent African-American entrepreneur and pilot who urged African-Americans to become part of the future aviation industry.

Powell was born in Henderson, Kentucky, on July 29, 1899. He moved to Chicago at the age of eight. He entered the University of Illinois in 1916. He went to Officers' Training Camp in Fort Des Moines, Iowa, in June 1917, and was commissioned as a First Lieutenant in the American Expeditionary Forces at the completion of training camp. He served with the 317th Engineers and 365th Infantry during World War I. After his honorable discharge in 1919, he returned to the University of Illinois, graduating with honors and a degree of Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering in 1922.

He worked as an electrical engineer and electric welding instructor for Rock Island Railroad for two years. In 1924, he opened his first filling station and in two years' time, he had built a successful automobile business in South Chicago before moving to Los Angeles in 1928.

During the late 1920s and 1930s, Powell worked tirelessly to promote airmindedness in the black community. Under his umbrella organization, Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc., Powell wrote a thinly disguised autobiography, Black Wings, in 1934; wrote and directed a 1935 documentary film, Unemployment, the Negro and Aviation; and published a trade journal entitled Craftsmen Aero News (1937-1938). Powell was also instrumental in organizing the Bessie Coleman Aero Club and the "Five Blackbirds" demonstration team. William J. Powell died in July 1942.
Provenance:
Donated by William H. Powell, III, gift, in 1999. Materials found in the collection seem to indicate that some photographs have come from individuals other than Powell.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Societies, etc.  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Logs (records)
Citation:
William J. Powell Collection, Accession 1999-0049, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0049
See more items in:
William J. Powell Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b3997754-b155-4e14-a9ec-6ea4bf0582c2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0049
Online Media:

William J. Powell (Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc.) Photograph Collection

Topic:
Craftsmen Aero News (journal)
Creator:
Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc.  Search this
Names:
Bishop, Myrtle  Search this
Dickerson, Marie  Search this
Powell, William J., 1899-1942  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder in a shared box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1928-1939
bulk 1937-1939
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 9 copy prints and 14 copy negatives. The bulk of the images were copied from issues of Craftsmen Aero News and relate to the Craftsmen of Black Wings organization, including photographs of William J. Powell, Marie Dickerson, and Myrtle Bishop.
Historical Note:
William J. Powell (1899-1942) was a prominent African-American entrepreneur and pilot who urged African-Americans to become part of the future aviation industry.

Powell was born in Henderson, Kentucky, on July 29, 1899. He moved to Chicago at the age of eight. He entered the University of Illinois in 1916. He went to Officers' Training Camp in Fort Des Moines, Iowa, in June 1917, and was commissioned as a First Lieutenant in the American Expeditionary Forces at the completion of training camp. He served with the 317th Engineers and 365th Infantry during World War I. After his honorable discharge in 1919, he returned to the University of Illinois, graduating with honors and a degree of Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering in 1922.

He worked as an electrical engineer and electric welding instructor for Rock Island Railroad for two years. In 1924, he opened his first filling station and in two years' time, he had built a successful automobile business in South Chicago before moving to Los Angeles in 1928.

During the late 1920s and 1930s, Powell worked tirelessly to promote airmindedness in the black community. Under his umbrella organization, Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc., Powell wrote a thinly disguised autobiography, Black Wings, in 1934; wrote and directed a 1935 documentary film, Unemployment, the Negro and Aviation; and published a trade journal entitled Craftsmen Aero News (1937-1938). Powell was also instrumental in organizing the Bessie Coleman Aero Club and the "Five Blackbirds" demonstration team. William J. Powell died in July 1942.
Provenance:
NASM Generated. Images in this collection were copied by the NASM Branch Photo Lab from issues of Craftsmen Aero-News, which were loaned to Von Hardesty by Ted Robinson for copying and inclusion in the 1994 edition of Powell's book Black Wings.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Societies, etc.  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
William J. Powell (Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc.) Photograph Collection, Accession 1996-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1996.0008
See more items in:
William J. Powell (Craftsmen of Black Wings, Inc.) Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2c0179227-5c69-4649-a6aa-1f9e30b3acdf
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1996-0008
Online Media:

The social context of the aeronautical education experience of African-American civilian, commercial, and military pilots / by Taurean Mashawn Walker

Author:
Walker, Taurean Mashawn  Search this
Physical description:
89 pages : 23 cm
Type:
Books
Theses
Place:
United States
Date:
2016
Topic:
African American air pilots--Education--Social conditions  Search this
Flight training  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1104078

Black aviator : the story of William J. Powell : a new edition of William J. Powell's Black wings / with an introduction by Von Hardesty

Author:
Powell, William J. 1899-1942  Search this
Hardesty, Von 1939-  Search this
Subject:
Powell, William J. 1899-1942  Search this
Physical description:
xxvi, 150 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Autobiographies
Date:
1994
1934
©1994
Topic:
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Call number:
CT275.P8992P8 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_466774

Won't take no for an answer! : the story of aviation pioneer Bessie Coleman / by Suzanne Moyers

Author:
Moyers, Suzanne  Search this
Subject:
Coleman, Bessie 1896-1926  Search this
Physical description:
32 p. : ill., ports. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Juvenile literature
Place:
United States
Date:
2007
C2007
Topic:
African American women air pilots  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics--History  Search this
Call number:
TL540.C646 M69 2007
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_829605

Black flight : breaking barriers to blacks in aviation / Roger Albert Forsyth

Author:
Forsyth, Roger A  Search this
Subject:
Forsyth, Albert Ernest 1897-1986  Search this
Physical description:
320 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Caribbean Area
Date:
2001
C2001
Topic:
African American air pilots  Search this
African American physicians  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Call number:
TL540.F67 F67 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_672315

African American pioneers in aviation 1920- present : teacher guide / Smithsonian. National Air and Space Museum

Author:
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Physical description:
47, [1] p. : ill., 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
African American air pilots--Study and teaching  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics--Study and teaching  Search this
Aeronautics--History--Study and teaching  Search this
Call number:
TL553 .A37 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_595011

The divided skies : establishing segregated flight training at Tuskegee, Alabama, 1934-1942 / Robert J. Jakeman

Author:
Jakeman, Robert J. 1948-  Search this
Subject:
Tuskegee Institute (Ala.) History  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 416 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alabama
Tuskegee
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Flight training--History  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics--History  Search this
Call number:
TL713.T87J35 1992X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_424623

Invisible wings : an annotated bibliography on blacks in aviation, 1916-1993 / compiled by Betty Kaplan Gubert

Author:
Gubert, Betty Kaplan 1934-  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 274 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
Topic:
African Americans in aeronautics--Bibliography  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_454352

Loving's love : a Black American's experience in aviation / Neal V. Loving

Author:
Loving, Neal V. 1916-  Search this
Subject:
Loving, Neal V. 1916-  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 288 p. : ill., [16] p. of plates ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_459260

Black eagles : African Americans in aviation / Jim Haskins

Author:
Haskins, James 1941-2005  Search this
Physical description:
196 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
African Americans in aeronautics--Juvenile literature  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_477726

The history of military and civilian pilot training of Negroes at Tuskegee, Alabama, 1939-1945

Author:
Washington, George L  Search this
United States Army Air Forces  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (various pagings) 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
[c1972]
Topic:
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--African Americans  Search this
Call number:
TL553 .W318
TL553.W318
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_158727

Black wings : the American Black in aviation / by Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano

Author:
Hardesty, Von 1939-  Search this
Pisano, Dominick 1943-  Search this
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Physical description:
80 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1983
Topic:
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Call number:
TL553 .H34 1983X
TL553.H34 1983X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_163731

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By