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Audiovisual Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Extent:
1.5 cu. ft. (1 record storage box) (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Date:
1984-1994
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of audiotapes from the Office of Public Affairs (OPA), and include tapes of Smithsonian Institution (SI) radio commercials and tapes of news conferences, radio programs, and press briefings from the Office of the Secretary and the Smithsonian Board of Regents.

The Smithsonian Institution radio commercials were produced by the Office of Public Affairs between the years 1988-1994 and broadcast on predominately African American radio stations in the Washington, D.C. area. Topics include recruitment of SI volunteers from minority communities; exhibitions at the Anacostia Community Museum, National Museum of African Art, National Air and Space Museum, and National Museum of American History; and Smithsonian Black History Month observances. There are also tapes of the narration portions of TV (video) public service announcements covering topics such as diversity, senior citizens, and the Latino community.

Audiotapes from the Office of the Secretary cover the years 1984-1991 and include the official announcement of Robert McCormick Adams as the ninth Secretary of the Smithsonian, as well as Secretary's press conferences and staff addresses. Audiotapes of the Board of Regents cover the years 1986-1993 and consist of press briefings.

Citation or reproduction of audiotapes of commercial radio programs must be approved by the radio station, and/or the Office of Public Affairs.
Restrictions:
Citation or reproduction of audiotapes of commercial radio programs must be approved by the radio station, and/or the Office of Public Affairs, Transferring office; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
Publicity  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Museums -- Educational aspects  Search this
African American History Month  Search this
Radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 96-074, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Public Affairs, Audiovisual Records
Identifier:
Accession 96-074
See more items in:
Audiovisual Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa96-074

Kendall Productions Records

Topic:
Dance Party: the Teenarama Story (television program)
Teenarama (television program)
Creator:
Kendall Productions  Search this
Extent:
4.6 Cubic feet (3 cartons, 2 oversized boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Scripts (documents)
Notes
Audiocassettes
Compact discs
Research
Photographs
Questionnaires
Letters (correspondence)
Interviews
Federal government records
Clippings
Videocassettes
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1952-2006
bulk 1997-2004
Summary:
The Kendall Productions records date from 1952-2006 with the bulk of material dating from 1997-2004 and measure 4.42 cubic feet. The records consist of material documenting the Kendall Productions documentary Dance Party: The Teenarama Story which first aired on Howard University's PBS affiliate WHUT in 2006. The records are comprised of research and production notes, government records, newspaper articles, questionnaires, photographs, letters, and scripts, accompanied by a significant amount of original media in the following formats: VHS and Beta videocassettes, audiocassettes, and audio compact discs.
Scope and Contents:
The records of Kendall Productions measure 4.6 cubic feet and date from 1952 to 2006, with the bulk of material dating from 1997-2004. The records contain the administrative files, research, project files, photographs, and audiovisual material produced during the creation of the documentary Dance Party: The Teenarama Story.

Administrative records include committee records, project assessments, budget files, promotional material, correspondence, and material related to individuals working on the documentary. Material within the series directly relate to the production processes of Dance Party: The Teenarama Story. Restricted files within the series have been indicated at the folder level. The administrative records were previously scattered throughout the collection.

Research files include biographical information, the history of television broadcasting in Washington D.C., community history, background on Teenarama, and race relations from 1940 through the 1960s. The research file subjects were originally labeled by the creators, and their subject designations have been maintained where relevant. Material includes newsclippings, informational booklets, notes, pamphlets, unpublished essays or write-ups, and prints of website pages.

Project files include interview transcripts and copies of questions for interviewees, documentary scripts, event fliers, equipment request forms, and realia. Event material relates to the production of Dance Party: The Teenarama Story, and not events related to the release or showings of the finished documentary.

Photographs document people who were a part of the Teenarama show, cast reunion events, and the documentary filming or recording processes. Folder titles were given by the creators and have been maintained. They are organized alphabetically by folder title.

Audiovisual material contains 63 items, a majority of which are VHS tapes. Material includes clips and edits of Dance Party: The Teenarama Story. Objects are listed alphabetically by their labels. Playback equipment is available.
Arrangement:
Kendall Productions Records is arranged in five series:

Series 1: Administrative Records

Series 2: Research Files

Series 3: Project Files

Series 4: Photographs

Series 5: Audiovisual Material
Historical Note:
The documentary film Dance Party: The Teenarama Story first broadcast in 2006 on the Howard University public television station WHUT in Washington D.C. The film traced the history and development of the television show Teenarama that aired from March 7, 1963 to November 20, 1970.

Teenarama originated as the Teenarama Dance Party radio program broadcast on WOOK Radio in Washington D.C. and became a television program after WOOK Radio received a license to operate a television station. The program premiered as a teen dance show for Black teenagers in the Washington D.C. and surrounding metropolitan area, featuring popular songs. The show's programming was first created by Cal Hackett and Al Jefferson. Bob King hosted the show from 1963-1965. Following King's departure, the show rotated hosts such as Leon Isaac Kennedy, Moon Man, and Daniel "Hollywood Breeze" Clayton. Guest performers on the show included James Brown, Smokey Robinson and The Miracles, Major Lance, Mary Wells, Aretha Franklin, Lou Rawls, Billy Stewart, Martha and The Vandellas, the Supremes, and the Four Seasons, among others. The program broadcasted live six days a week, the first of its kind in the country catering specifically to a Black audience.

The documentary about Teenarama was created by Beverly Lindsay-Johnson, Herb Grimes, and the National Hand Dance Association, and was funded in part by grants through the Humanities Council of Washington D.C.,The DC Commission on the Arts and Humanities, The Dudley Foundation and private donations. The film uses Teenarama to tell the story of teen dance television shows, youth and pop culture, race, and television history. The documentary is narrated by Martha Reeves of Martha and The Vandellas.
Provenance:
Donated by Beverly Lindsey-Johnson in 2006.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American radio stations  Search this
Television stations  Search this
Teen television programs  Search this
African Americans -- Social life and customs  Search this
African Americans on television  Search this
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Scripts (documents)
Notes
Audiocassettes
Compact discs
Research
Photographs
Questionnaires
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Interviews
Federal government records
Clippings
Videocassettes
Citation:
Kendall Productions records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Beverly Lindsey-Johnson.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-055
See more items in:
Kendall Productions Records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-055

Voice of Childhood radio station, Plymouth Sunday School, 2nd anniversary : acetate film photonegative

Photographer:
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 28
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1940
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American radio stations -- 1930-1940  Search this
Portraits, Group -- 1930-1940 -- Washington (D.C.).  Search this
African American Sunday schools -- 1930-1940  Search this
African Americans -- Religion -- 1930-1940.  Search this
Community life -- Washington, D.C. -- 1930-1940  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref568

WANN Radio Station Records

Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
13 Cubic feet (32 boxes and 12 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Certificates
Business records
Sales records
Posters
Photographs
Correspondence
Audiotapes
Place:
Carr's Beach
Annapolis (Md.)
Maryland -- 20th century
Date:
1940-1999
Summary:
The collection documents the creative, technical and political aspects of managing WANN Radio Station in Annapolis, Maryland during the mid-Twentieth Century. Key areas of research include black radio stations; Annapolis African American communities; marketing to Black communities; political activism through media; Black-Jewish community relationships; church, community and media activism.
Scope and Contents:
The collection primarily documents the highly-segregated era of radio broadcasting and WANN's position within this historical context. It contains an extensive photographic history documenting the rise of the radio station. Other materials include programming timetables, forum broadcasts, and advertisement segments aired during the station's prime. Documents chronicling the station's business and regulatory history, including correspondence with fans, publicity materials, advertising, certificates and awards and sales reports are also included among these materials. There are newspaper clippings documenting political events and church programs covered by the radio station. Land survey maps for the placement of new station and broadcasting towers are also found among these materials. Morris Blum was involved with the Federal Communications Commission and there is a significant amount of material relating to the Emergency Broadcasting System including tutorials and regulations. Materials relating to Blum's personal life include local Jewish community and organization activities, naval history and a few family papers. Photographs and programming for WANN's sister radio station WXTC can also be found among these materials. In the early 1990s, WANN radio station became Bay Country 1190 in a move to be more profitable. There is a small amount of material relating to this new programming format. WANN radio is significant because the radio station became a place to discuss controversial topics concerning the African American community. Segregation, racial discrimination, and challenging political misrepresentation were all a part of WANN's programming. Blum and his staff did not avoid confronting what were at the time radical issues of racial justice and equality. Members of Congress, politicians and community organizers all appeared periodically on WANN radio. In addition to its talk radio format, WANN radio also played Rhythm and Blues, Gospel music, and hosted numerous dance parties and concerts at Carr's Beach. Blum hired a racially diverse staff, creating pathways to professional careers. Charles "Hoppy" Adams, who eventually became WANN's first executive vice president, began his career as a highly popular radio personality. Adams hosted the Carr's Beach dance parties and concerts featuring many young artists, including James Brown and Sarah Vaughn. The success of the radio station's hiring practices, relevant programming, social activities and political awareness makes it a valuable resource of information for both the Washington DC metropolitan area and the nation as a whole.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twelve series.

Series 1: Photographic Materials, 1947-1996, undated

Series 2: Correspondence, 1947-1999

Series 3: Programming, 1947-1989

Series 4: Publicity, 1946-1999, undated

Series 5: Advertising and Marketing, 1947-1999, undated

Series 6: Engineering and Construction, 1947-1999, undated

Series 7: Office Files, 1953-1999, undated

Series 8: Communications and Emergency Management, 1946-1999, undated

Series 9: Awards and Recognition, 1940s-1999, undated

Series 10: WXTC Radio Station, 1959-1979, undated

Series 11: Morris Blum Papers, 1954-1997, undated

Series 12: Audiovisual Materials, 1953-1998
Separated Materials:
Several artifacts were donated to the Museum's Division of Cultural History in 2000. The associated accession numbers for the WANN Radio Station artifacts are as follows:

2000.0165-7,775 include sound recordings, two turntable pads, a microphone, and a studio wall clock, all used at the radio station from 1948-1995.

2002.0319-22 include eight name tags worn by on-air personalities at personal appearances, five pieces of equipment, three banners, two gold records, two public service award plaques, a pith helmet, and two T-shirts also from 1948-1995.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Morris Blum in July 2002.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Radio stations -- Maryland  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Radio audiences  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
advertising -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Certificates
Business records -- 20th century
Sales records
Posters -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Audiotapes
Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0800
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0800
Online Media:

Of radio stations serving Negroes exclusively...WANN serves the largest Negro market in America -- outside of New York! [flier]

Collector:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper, 9" x 6")
Container:
Box 6, Folder 13
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Fliers (printed matter)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Black print on yellow background. Undated advertisement.
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000001.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Radio broadcasting  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Fliers (printed matter)
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 3: Programming / Reverend Bishop Chambers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1064

[WANN broadcast of Sarah Vaughan at Carr's Beach, August, 1956, with fans standing attentively while she sings.] [Black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer?:
Baden, Thomas R.  Search this
Collector:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Names:
Vaughan, Sarah, 1924-1990  Search this
Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper, 8" x 10")
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Annapolis (Md.)
Maryland -- 1950-1960
Carr's Beach (Annapolis, Md.)
Scope and Contents:
Broadcast took place August, 1956. "Thomas R. Baden, Jr., Capital Hill Manor, Annapolis, MD, Telephone: 82239", stamped on back.
Biographical / Historical:
During the 50s and early 60s, Anne Arundel County was still segregated and the beaches for [African Americans] were Carr's Beach and Sparrow's Beach in Annapolis, and the beach communities of Highland Beach, Arundel-On-The-Bay, and Columbia Beach in the county. Carr's Beach was the most famous of the beaches and was affectionately called "The Beach". During the week "The Beach" was a place for day camp, church picnics, etc. But on the week-ends especially Sunday afternoons, Carr's Beach had the unique distinction of being a major stop on the "Chitlin Circuit". (Quoted from http://www.carrsbeach.com/.)
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000002.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Singers -- 1950-1960  Search this
Jazz musicians  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Beaches -- Maryland  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 1: Photographic Materials / Carr's Beach
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1065

Larry Doby Stops by for a Quick 'Hello' [black and white photoprint]

Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 8" X 10".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Man seated at a WANN microphone, five men in Naval uniforms and one in a suit are standing around him. Photographer unidentified.
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000003.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 1: Photographic Materials / Doby, Larry
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1066

[WANN broadcast of "The Teen-agers" at Carr's Beach, August, 1956. Black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer?:
Baden, Thomas R.  Search this
Collector:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper, 8" x 10")
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Annapolis (Md.)
Maryland -- 1950-1960
Carr's Beach (Annapolis, Md.)
Scope and Contents:
Four teenagers singing around one microphone, and a younger teenager singing at the other microphone with a seated woman looking on. "Thomas R. Baden, Jr., Capital Hill Manor, Annapolis, MD, Telephone: 82239" stamped on the verso.
Biographical / Historical:
During the 50s and early 60s, Anne Arundel County was still segregated and the beaches for [African Americans] were Carr's Beach and Sparrow's Beach in Annapolis, and the beach communities of Highland Beach, Arundel-On-The-Bay, and Columbia Beach in the county. Carr's Beach was the most famous of the beaches and was affectionately called "The Beach". During the week "The Beach" was a place for day camp, church picnics, etc. But on the week-ends especially Sunday afternoons, Carr's Beach had the unique distinction of being a major stop on the "Chitlin Circuit". (Quoted from http://www.carrsbeach.com/.)
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000004.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Beaches -- Maryland  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 1: Photographic Materials / Carr's Beach
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1067

[Pavilion scene, Carr's Beach, July, 1956. Many young people dancing] [black and white photoprint]

Collector:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 8" x 10".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Annapolis (Md.)
Maryland -- 1950-1960
Carr's Beach (Annapolis, Md.)
Scope and Contents:
Picture taken July, 1956.
Biographical / Historical:
During the 50s and early 60s, Anne Arundel County was still segregated and the beaches for [African Americans] were Carr's Beach and Sparrow's Beach in Annapolis, and the beach communities of Highland Beach, Arundel-On-The-Bay, and Columbia Beach in the county. Carr's Beach was the most famous of the beaches and was affectionately called "The Beach". During the week "The Beach" was a place for day camp, church picnics, etc. But on the week-ends especially Sunday afternoons, Carr's Beach had the unique distinction of being a major stop on the "Chitlin Circuit". (Quoted from http://www.carrsbeach.com/.)
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000006.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Dancing -- United States  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Beaches -- Maryland  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 1: Photographic Materials / Carr's Beach
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1068

[Carr's Beach, the Hoppy Adams Show, 5 p.m.-5:30 p.m., Sunday, July 15, 1956.] [black-and-white photoprint]

Collector:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 8" x 10".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Annapolis (Md.)
Maryland -- 1950-1960
Carr's Beach (Annapolis, Md.)
Scope and Contents:
The broadcast took place July 15, 1956. Many people watch. "Thomas R. Baden, Jr., Capital Hill Manor, Annapolis, MD, Telephone: 82239" stamped on the back of the photograph.
Biographical / Historical:
During the 50s and early 60s, Anne Arundel County was still segregated and the beaches for [African Americans] were Carr's Beach and Sparrow's Beach in Annapolis, and the beach communities of Highland Beach, Arundel-On-The-Bay, and Columbia Beach in the county. Carr's Beach was the most famous of the beaches and was affectionately called "The Beach". During the week "The Beach" was a place for day camp, church picnics, etc. But on the week-ends especially Sunday afternoons, Carr's Beach had the unique distinction of being a major stop on the "Chitlin Circuit". (Quoted from http://www.carrsbeach.com/.)
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000007.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Beaches -- Maryland  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 1: Photographic Materials / Carr's Beach
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1069

[Vanetta Dillard performs in front of a WANN microphone, three men on stage with her, and large audience looking on.] [Black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Baden, Thomas R.  Search this
Collector:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Names:
Dillard, Vanetta  Search this
Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 8" x 10".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Annapolis (Md.)
Maryland -- 1950-1960
Carr's Beach (Annapolis, Md.)
Scope and Contents:
Undated." Thomas R. Baden, Jr., Capital Hill Manor, Annapolis, MD, Telephone: 82239" on verso.
Biographical / Historical:
During the 50s and early 60s, Anne Arundel County was still segregated and the beaches for [African Americans] were Carr's Beach and Sparrow's Beach in Annapolis, and the beach communities of Highland Beach, Arundel-On-The-Bay, and Columbia Beach in the county. Carr's Beach was the most famous of the beaches and was affectionately called "The Beach". During the week "The Beach" was a place for day camp, church picnics, etc. But on the week-ends especially Sunday afternoons, Carr's Beach had the unique distinction of being a major stop on the "Chitlin Circuit". (Quoted from http://www.carrsbeach.com/.)
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000008.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Beaches -- Maryland  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 1: Photographic Materials / Carr's Beach
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1070

No Admission During WANN Radio Broadcasts, Management, Carr's Beach [cardboard sign]

Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 9-1/2" x 16-3/4".)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Date:
[undated.]
Scope and Contents:
Red and black on white.
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000009.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must use reference copies of audiovisual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 5: Advertising and Marketing / Windell Ivey Records invoices
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1071

[Hoppy Adams broadcast from Carr's Beach] [black-and-white photoprint

Collector:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Collection Donor:
Blum, Morris  Search this
Collection Creator:
WANN Radio Station (Annapolis, Maryland)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Annapolis (Md.)
Maryland -- 1950-1960
Carr's Beach (Annapolis, Md.)
Date:
[ca. 1953.]
Scope and Contents:
Photographer unidentified.
Biographical / Historical:
During the 50's and early 60's, Anne Arundel County was still segregated and the beaches for [African Americans] were Carr's Beach and Sparrow's Beach in Annapolis, and the beach communities of Highland Beach, Arundel-On-The-Bay, and Columbia Beach in the county. Carr's Beach was the most famous of the beaches and was affectionately called "The Beach". During the week "The Beach" was a place for day camp, church picnics, etc. But on the week-ends especially Sunday afternoons, Carr's Beach had the unique distinction of being a major stop on the "Chitlin Circuit". (Quoted from http://www.carrsbeach.com/.
Local Numbers:
AC0800-0000010.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment. Gloves required with unprotected photographs.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Segregation  Search this
Beaches -- Maryland  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Ethnic radio programs  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
WANN Radio Station Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
WANN Radio Station Records
WANN Radio Station Records / Series 1: Photographic Materials / Carr's Beach
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0800-ref1072

Joe Adams Papers

Creator:
Adams, Joe, 1922-  Search this
Morehead, Howard, 1926-2003  Search this
Names:
Charles, Ray, 1930-2004  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes and 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Letters (correspondence)
Scrapbooks
Date:
1948-1980
Summary:
Photographs, scrapbooks, and other materials documenting the career of Joe Adams, a Los Angeles radio announcer and movie and television actor, who later became Ray Charles's manager.
Scope and Contents:
The collection is comprised of photographs, correspondence, certificates, magazines and scrapbooks of newspaper clippings dating from 1947-1980. The materials document Adams's career in radio and film, as well as touching upon his military experience with the Tuskegee Airmen. Various documents and newspaper features depict Adams's relationship with a multitude of local and national celebrities; of particular note is the long list of musicians represented, such as Ella Fitzgerald and Frank Sinatra. Public figures, including several former mayors of Los Angeles and members of law enforcement, also appear.

The collection also includes magazines featuring articles on Adams and other celebrities and public figures. Adams appears in many advertisements for a variety of products that sponsored his radio shows. There are photographs, programs and advertisements for the movies, shows and plays in which Joe Adams appeared, including Disc Jockey and Carmen Jones. There is correspondence from public relations employees during the Ray Charles tour and from other radio personalities and journalists. There are also several certificates given in appreciation for Adams's community service. Newspaper articles and photographs feature "Joe Adams Day," declared by the mayor of Los Angeles, and document Adams's overseas USO tour to entertain the men and women of the Armed Forces, which was also broadcasted on Armed Forces Radio.

Series 1, Photographs, circa 1947-1980; undated, documents Joe Adams's personal and professional life. The photographs are arranged by subject, including Adams's work in radio and film, his public appearances, celebrities, Joe Adams Day, his work with the military and his later years. There is some overlap among the subject categories. The majority of the photographs cannot be dated. Featured programs, places, organizations and celebrities include the 7th United States Infantry Division, Emma Adams, Jim Ameche, Armed Forces Radio, Milton Berle, Eugene Biscailuz, Ruth Bowen, Fletcher Bowron, Tom Bradley, Tommy Butler, California Artichoke Foundation, Ray Charles, Nat King Cole, Paul Compton, Billy Daniels, Disc Jockey, the movie, Egyptian Shriners, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Suzette Gomez, Amos Green, Lionel Hampton, Eddie Harbin, Shirley Haven, Hollywood Foreign Correspondents Association, Lena Horne, Jamaica, the Broadway play, Joe Adams Day, Danny Kaye, KDAY radio, Korea, KOWL Radio, Joe Lewis, Julie London, Nellie Lutcher, Will Martin, Clarence Metcalf, Husky Miller, MGM Studios, Roy Milton, David "Fathead" Newman, One Night Stand radio program, Pantages Nightclub, Pigalle Nightclub, Pub of Pittsburg, Pa., Lillian Randolph, Willis Reed, "Sugar Ray" Robinson, Kenny Rogers, Timmie Rogers, Ruth Bowen Agency, Wylie "Captain Death" Seldon Jr., Lionel "Chico" Sesma, George "Geo" Shearing, Frank Sinatra, "Star of Stars" Charity Show, Barry Sullivan, The Trenier Twins, The Tuskegee Airmen, USO, Viscount Airlines, Ches Washington, Dinah Washington, and Ben Webster.

Series 2, Scrapbooks, circa 1947-1954; undated, consists of newspaper articles, photographs, advertisements, and playbills. The scrapbooks document Adams's start in radio, his permanent appointment to KOWL, his service in the military and the inner-city community, his unique perspective and his philanthropy. They contain newspaper advertisements for Adams's radio shows on KOWL and the Armed Forces Radio Broadcasts. The scrapbooks include advertisements for his television shows as well as events and benefits where Adams was the featured emcee. Ink drawings of Adams used to advertise various products also appear in the newspaper articles. There are news stories on Joe Adams Day, a bus accident involving Lionel Hampton, the release of Ray Charles's song "Georgia" (1979), and advertisements for the movies Carmen Jones and The Manchurian Candidate. Numerous photographs document Adams's broadcasts and musical performances domestically and abroad as well as his interactions with many celebrities in the musical world. Aside from some newspaper clippings that include the date of publication, the contents of the scrapbooks are not dated. Featured programs, places, organizations and figures include Emma Adams, Ira Adams, Don Allen, Armed Forces Radio, Pearl Bailey, George A. Baron, Count Basie, Harry Belafonte, Irvin Berman, Eugene Biscailuz, Manny Borun, Fletcher Bowron, Charley Browning, Carmen Jones, the movie, Ray Charles, Club de Lisa, Arthur Croghan, Clay Cunningham, Dorothy Dandridge, Sammy Davis Jr., Warren Dorn, Billy Eckstine, Egyptian Shriners, Bob Ellis, Kay Francis, Robert D. Funk, Georgia (by Ray Charles), Lee Gillette, Golden Grooves radio show, Curley Hamner, Lionel Hampton, Hunter Hancock, Addie Hansen, Leon Helflin, Billie Holiday, H. Claude Hudson, Jamaica, the Broadway play, Al Jarvis, Herb Jeffries, Joe Adams Day, Leon King, KOWL Radio, June Kristy, Chuck Landis, Mauri Lyn, The Manchurian Candidate, MGM Studios, Husky Miller, Lucky Millinder, Tim Moor, Otto Preminger, Paul Price, Lillian Randolph, Leonard J. Roach, Caesar Romero, Nina Russell, Lionel "Chico" Sesma, Jerry Simons, Mike Thompson, Sonny Tufts, Sarah Vaughan, T-Bone Walker, Dinah Washington, Leon H. Washington Jr. and Artie Wayne.

Series 3, Other Materials, 1948-1980; undated, includes magazines, correspondence, certificates and newspaper articles. The magazine cover stories are dedicated to fashion or to public figures such as John F. Kennedy, but they each contain a feature on Joe Adams and his involvement in the broadcast industry and the jazz music scene. There are fashion photographic spreads using musical stars that Adams knew well such as Nat King Cole. Two certificates thank Adams for community service to the Hollywood Canteen and the Hollywood Junior Chamber of Commerce (the "Out of this World series" celebrity baseball game). The correspondence is from other members of the broadcasting industry and pertains to matters in and outside of the business realm. The series also contains publicity concerning Ray Charles's tour through South Africa and the story of how Adams came to be his manager. Aside from magazines and newspaper clippings where the date of publication is featured, the majority of these materials are not dated. Featured programs, places, organizations and figures include Ami Artzi, Eddie Chamblee, Ray Charles, The Ray Charles Band, Nat King Cole, Madi Comfort, The Cotton Club, Arthur Croghan, Hilary Falkow, Roberta Flack, Joe Greene, Hollywood Canteen, Hollywood Junior Chamber of Commerce, Lena Horne, Charlotte Moton Hubbard, Karen Hutchinson, Jamaica, the Broadway play, Lyndon B. Johnson, James Earl Jones, Danny Kaye, John F. Kennedy, Lew Lauria, Robert Lewis, Sonny Liston, Paul R. McClure, Ricardo Montalban, Willa Moultrie, Lee Harvey Oswald, Breau Palmer, and Jack Ruby.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1, Photographs, circa 1947-1980

Series 2, Scrapbooks, circa 1947-1954; undated

Series 3, Other Materials, 1948-1980; undated
Biographical / Historical:
Joe Adams was born on April 11, 1924. A native of Los Angeles, California, he wanted to work in radio at a very young age. Despite the racial discrimination that existed in the radio and television industry, Adams pressed on, practicing public speaking in vacant lots. He also gained confidence serving domestically as a pilot with the 332nd Tuskegee Airmen Fighter Group during World War II. After his time in the service, Adams was able to get occasional radio work at Hollywood stations such as KFWB, KPAS, KFOX, and KGFJ. In 1946, Adams got the chance to host a fifteen minute radio show at KOWL. He also married his wife, Emma Millhouse, that year.

Within two years, Joe Adams was hosting the number one-rated live radio show in Los Angeles, and the show had expanded from fifteen minutes to five hours. Adams was also able to sign on fifty-six sponsors for his show, a number previously unheard of. This was the beginning of a career that would last for more than twenty years.

During the 1940s and 1950s, Adams garnered success both on the radio, the small screen, and the big screen. He had two television shows, Adams Alley and Joe Adams Presents, made famous for the many music and film stars that Adams featured. Some of the celebrities Adams hosted included Jerry Lewis, Duke Ellington, The Trenier Twins, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday and Count Basie. Ellington played two themes for Adams's shows, "Take the 'A' Train" and "Smada" ("Adams" backwards). Both songs were written by jazz great, Billy Strayhorn. In 1954, Adams fronted a band that was part of the first USO tour to entertain troops stationed in Korea. Among the band members was actress-turned-singer, Shirley Haven.

Adams opened a nightclub, Pigalle, which was wildly popular in Los Angeles. In addition to being one of the first radio personalities to do a simulcast radio and live show by appearing live at the Paramount Theater in downtown Los Angeles, Adams was the first African American to be featured in an on-air, West Ccoast network radio show.

Adams appeared in nearly thirty movies, including the hit Carmen Jones (1954), where he played Husky Miller, and the original version of The Manchurian Candidate (1962). In 1958, Adams became the first African American to receive the Foreign Correspondents Award for Outstanding New Actors from the Hollywood Foreign Correspondents Association. The Foreign Correspondents Award would later be called The Golden Globe. In 1957, Adams retired from radio and television to star in the Broadway play, Jamaica, with Lena Horne and Ricardo Montalban.

Adams made many famous friends during his career in broadcasting and film; one of the best known was Ray Charles. After inviting Adams on tour in 1959, Charles asked Adams to become his manager. Adams agreed (although to date, Adams humorously claims, he was never formally hired), and he managed Charles until the musician's death in 2004. Adams helped position Charles for fame through such venues as a long line of Pepsi commercials and the creation of both a Ray Charles studio and a company. Adams even arranged for Charles to tour in South Africa, and he served as both the producer of the Ray Charles Show and the wardrobe designer for Charles and his backup singers, the Raelettes.

Adams also acquired expertise outside the broadcasting and music business. He became a licensed commercial pilot and an authority in law. His philanthropy and his tireless work for African Americans and inner-city communities have been recognized by many organizations, from the Egyptian Shriners to the Urban League. Even his home town of Los Angeles has recognized Adams's efforts, making March 14th the official "Joe Adams Day."

Sources

The National Visionary Leadership Project. "Joe Adams." http://www.visionaryproject. org/adamsjoe (accessed June 20, 2008).

Ray Charles Official Website. "Joe Adams." http://www.raycharles.com/the_legacy_ joe_adams.html (accessed June 28, 2008).
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts holds artifacts related to this collection, including three jackets and one blue tuxedo worn by Joe Adams during his onstage career with Ray Charles and two scripts from the movie The Manchurian Candidate (1962) and the Broadway musical, Jamaica. See accession number 2005.3098.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Joe Adams.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Radio broadcasting  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Broadcasting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Citation:
Joe Adams Papers, 1948-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0908
See more items in:
Joe Adams Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0908
Online Media:

Black radio exclusive. BRE '87 conference souvenir issue

Title:
BRE '87 conference souvenir issue
Physical description:
126 p. : ill. ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1987
Topic:
African American radio stations  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
African Americans--Music--History and criticism  Search this
Call number:
HE8690 .B54 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_663713

Radio and the struggle for civil rights in the South / by Brian Ward

Author:
Ward, Brian 1961-  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 437 p. : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southern States
Date:
2004
C2004
20th century
Topic:
African Americans in radio broadcasting--History  Search this
African American radio stations--History  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_823332

Wheelin' on Beale : how WDIA-Memphis became the nation's first all-black radio station and created the sound that changed America/ Louis Cantor

Author:
Cantor, Louis  Search this
Subject:
WDIA (Radio station : Memphis, Tenn.) History  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 264 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
History
Place:
United States
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
African Americans in radio broadcasting  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Call number:
PN1991.8.A35C36 1992X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_424014

Entrepreneurs of profit and pride : from Black-appeal to radio soul / Mark Newman

Author:
Newman, Mark  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 186 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1988
Topic:
African Americans in radio broadcasting  Search this
African Americans--Social life and customs  Search this
Radio audiences  Search this
African American radio stations  Search this
Radio advertising  Search this
Entrepreneurship  Search this
Call number:
PN1991.8.A35N49 1988X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_390609

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