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Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection

Creator:
McNamara, Norris  Search this
Moon, Moses  Search this
Names:
Freedom Singers  Search this
Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990  Search this
Anderson, Marian, 1897-1993  Search this
Baez, Joan  Search this
Baker, Ella, 1903-1986  Search this
Baker, Josephine, 1906-1975  Search this
Baldwin, James, 1924-1987  Search this
Barry, Marion, 1936-  Search this
Bikel, Theodore  Search this
Carawan, Guy  Search this
Conyers, John, 1929-  Search this
Donaldson, Ivanhoe  Search this
Dylan, Bob, 1941-  Search this
Ferebee, Dorothy Boulding , 1898?-1980  Search this
Forman, James, 1928-2005  Search this
Gregory, Dick  Search this
Guyot, Lawrence, 1939-  Search this
Hamer, Fannie Lou  Search this
Height , Dorothy I. (Dorothy Irene), 1912-2010  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968  Search this
Lewis, John  Search this
Moses, Robert  Search this
Moses, Robert Parris  Search this
Odetta, 1930-2008  Search this
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005  Search this
Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942-  Search this
Reagon, Cordell  Search this
Robinson , Amelia Boynton, 1911-2015  Search this
Robinson, Jackie  Search this
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Sherrod, Charles, 1937-  Search this
Shuttlesworth, Fred L., 1922-2011  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (18 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Sound recordings
Date:
1963-1964
Summary:
Recorded by Moses Moon (known at the time as Alan Ribback) and assisted by Norris McNamara during 1963 and 1964, the collection includes audio recordings of interviews with civil rights leaders and participants as well as free-style recordings of mass meetings, voter registration events, and other gatherings organized by Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). This collection provides a mostly unfiltered documentation of significant moments in the civil rights movement.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 115 reel to reel audio recordings containing interviews, mass meetings, demonstrations, and conversations concerning the civil rights movement, and in particular the voter registration drives organized by SNCC in Alabama and Mississippi in 1963 and 1964. Mass meetings were recorded in Greenwood, Mississippi; Americus, Georgia; Selma, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Danville, Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Hattiesburg, Mississippi; and Indianola, Mississippi. Major demonstrations recorded include the March on Washington in August of 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, Alabama in October of 1963, and Freedom Day in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in January of 1964. Interviews with SNCC workers include Julian Bond, John Lewis, James Forman, Bruce Gordon, Prathia Hall, Ivanhoe Donaldson, Bob Moses, Avery Williams, Willie Peacock, Bruce Boynton and his mother, as well as dozens of others involved in the movement, who are named in the collection inventory. Many of those interviewed were actively involved in strategizing and carrying out SNCC demonstrations and political actions, and many were victims of death threats, beatings, unlawful arrest, police brutality, and torture and abuse in prison. These interviews contain detailed eyewitness accounts and personal testimony regarding these experiences, as well as personal history and thoughts about the movement, the South, and the future.

It is clear from what we know of the dates and locations of these recordings, as well as from documentation of these events in other sources, that many of these recordings are unique documents of important events in American history, which may also contain the commentary of important political and cultural figures who were involved in the movement. For example, an article by Howard Zinn recounts how an unidentified man recorded James Baldwin on October 7, 1963, Freedom Day in Selma, on the steps of the courthouse. Baldwin was furious at the lack of support from nearby federal agents as state troopers advanced on peaceful demonstrators. One of the tapes dated October 7, 1963, originally labeled "courthouse interviews," appears to be this recoding, although Baldwin is not named. The same article (available in The Howard Zinn Reader) recounts the mass meetings which led up to that demonstration, at which actor Dick Gregory gave a rousing sermon as his wife sat in jail for demonstrating in Selma. The Moses Moon Collection may be the only existing audio recording of that sermon as well as many other sermons and speeches.

Moses Moon changed his name after these recordings were made. He is referred to in the finding aid as Alan Ribback because that name is used on the recordings.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.Series 1 is in chronological order to the degree recording dates can be determined, and is based on the locations and dates provided by Moon in his description or gleaned from the recordings themselves and other secondary sources. Series 1 contains 17 groups of recordings.

Moon's original numbers are recorded in the column next to the descriptions. Following the first four Greenwood tapes, which are numbered sequentially, Moon's numbering system took the first two letters of the town in which the recordings were made, a one (1), a decimal, and then a tape number. Numbers preceding the town code refer to the recording day. "N" numbers were later assigned by Moon to the 7" reels only, after the original recordings were made, possibly during editing or when the tapes were made available to the Program in African American Culture.

Series 1, Original Tapes

1. Greenwood, Mississippi; Spring 1963; 4 7" reels

2. Chicago, Illinois; August 9, 12, 1963; 2 5" reels

3. Americus, Georgia; August 17, 1963; 5 5" reels, 1 7" reel

4. Atlanta, Georgia; August 21, 1963; 1 5" reel

5. Washington, D.C.; August 26-28, 1963; 6 5", 8 7" reels

6. Atlanta, Georgia; September 8, 1963; 4 5" reels

7. Selma, Alabama; September 29-October 7, 1963; 11 5" reels, 16 7" reels

8. Gadsden, Alabama; October 23, 1963; 2 5" reels

9. Jackson, Mississippi; Fall/Winter 1963; 11 7" reels

10. Greenwood, Mississippi; c. November 3, 1963; 3 5" reels, 4 7" reels

11. Danville, Virginia; 1963; 6 7" reels

12. Washington, D.C.; soon after November 22, 1963; 6 7" reels

13. Washington, D.C.; late 1963, or possibly during MOW; 10 7" reels

14. Hattiesburg, Mississippi; January 1964; 9 7" reels

15. Indianola, Mississippi; Summer 1964; 2 7" reels

16. Monroe County, Mississippi; August 1, 1964; 4 5" reels

17. Milton, Mississippi; August 16, 1964; 3 5" reels

Series 2, Preservation Masters consists of data DVDs for a portion of the collection.
Biographical / Historical:
Moses Moon was born Alan Ribback in 1928. During the 1950s until 1962, Ribback was the proprietor of the Gate of Horn, Chicago's premier folk music club, which featured performers including Bob Gibson, Odetta, Judy Collins, Joan Baez, Jo Mapes, Peter, Paul and Mary, Lenny Bruce, and Shelley Berman. On December 5, 1962, Lenny Bruce was arrested during a performance at the Gate of Horn along with Ribback, George Carlin, and others. As a result of the arrest and Bruce's subsequent conviction for obscenity, the club was closed by the City of Chicago, and Ribback left Chicago with Norris McNamara, an audio technician, to record folk concerts taking place in the South as part of the growing civil rights movement. From the spring of 1963 until the summer of 1964, Ribback and McNamara recorded demonstrations and mass meetings and interviewed civil rights activists, primarily those involved in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later, Ribback moved to New York and edited his recordings into an album called Movement Soul. Ribback married Delia Moon in 1971, took her last name and changed his first name to Moses. In 1979, Bernice Reagon Johnson, working with the Program on African American Culture at the Smithsonian, contacted Moon and borrowed the recordings of mass meetings for a 1980 program on the voices of the civil rights movement. In the late 1980s, Moon was stricken with a severe case of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which left him paralyzed. Moon donated the entire collection of original recordings shortly before his death in 1993.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The papers of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are held by the King Library and Archives in Atlanta, Georgia; archives@thekingcenter.org.
Provenance:
Donated by Moses and Delia Moon in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies must be used. Tapes noted in the container list have digital reference copies in the Smithsonian Institution Digital Asset Management System (DAMS).
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but copyright status unknown. Contact Archives Center staff for additional information. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American civil rights workers.  Search this
African American preaching.  Search this
Mississippi Freedom Project  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Voter registration  Search this
African Americans -- Civil rights  Search this
African American student movements.  Search this
Folk music  Search this
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes -- Open reel
Sound recordings
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection, 1963-1964, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0556
See more items in:
Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0556

A little taste of freedom the Black freedom struggle in Claiborne County, Mississippi Emilye Crosby

Author:
Crosby, Emilye  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xv, 354 pages) illustrations
Type:
Biography
Electronic books
Biographies
History
Place:
Mississippi
Claiborne County
Claiborne County (Miss.)
Date:
2005
20th century
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Whites--History  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Oral history  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE--Political Freedom & Security--Civil Rights  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE--Political Freedom & Security--Human Rights  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Whites  Search this
Call number:
F347.C5 C76 2005 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
Use copy Restrictions unspecified
Unlimited
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1145565

Bluff City : the secret life of photographer Ernest Withers / Preston Lauterbach

Author:
Lauterbach, Preston  Search this
Subject:
Withers, Ernest C. 1922-2007  Search this
Physical description:
339 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
Place:
United States
Date:
2019
Topic:
African American photographers  Search this
Photojournalists  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Informers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1105296

Free all along : the Robert Penn Warren civil rights interviews / edited by Stephen Drury Smith and Catherine Ellis

Editor:
Smith, Stephen 1960-  Search this
Ellis, Catherine 1964-  Search this
Interviewer:
Warren, Robert Penn 1905-1989  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 330 pages ; 23 cm
Type:
Interviews
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2019
20th century
Topic:
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1104855

W.E.B. Du Bois : a biography / David Levering Lewis

Author:
Lewis, David L. 1936-  Search this
Subject:
Du Bois, W. E. B (William Edward Burghardt) 1868-1963  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 893 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
1877-1964
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
African American intellectuals  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
African Americans--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1063572

Brother outsider : the life of Bayard Rustin / produced in association with the Independent Television Service and the National Black Programming Consortium ; produced by Question Why Films LLC ; produced and directed by Nancy Kates, Bennett Singer ; co-producer, Mridu Chandra

Title:
Life of Bayard Rustin
Interviewee expression:
Rustin, Bayard 1912-1987  Search this
Producer:
Kates, Nancy  Search this
Singer, Bennett L.  Search this
Composer expression:
Griffin, B. Quincy  Search this
Director of photography:
Shepard, Robert  Search this
Editor of moving image work:
Selver, Veronica  Search this
Collins, Rhonda  Search this
Actor:
Dellums, Erik Todd 1964-  Search this
Production company:
Independent Television Service  Search this
National Black Programming Consortium  Search this
Question Why Films  Search this
Publisher:
California Newsreel (Firm)  Search this
Subject:
Rustin, Bayard 1912-1987  Search this
Physical description:
1 videodisc (84 min.) : DVD video, sound, color with black and white sequences ; 4 3/4 in
Type:
Biography
Documentary films
Nonfiction films
Biographical films
Video recordings for the hearing impaired
Place:
United States
Date:
2008
2002
Topic:
African American gay men  Search this
Gay men  Search this
African American men  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Call number:
video 001539
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1090691

Across that bridge : a vision for change and the future of America / John Lewis with Brenda Jones

Author:
Lewis, John 1940 February 21-  Search this
Jones, Brenda  Search this
Subject:
Lewis, John 1940 February 21- Philosophy  Search this
United States Congress House  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 210 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 18 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
Topic:
Conduct of life  Search this
Legislators  Search this
African American legislators  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1093968

The seminarian : Martin Luther King Jr. comes of age / Patrick Parr

Title:
Martin Luther King Jr. comes of age
Author:
Parr, Patrick  Search this
Subject:
King, Martin Luther Jr. 1929-1968  Search this
Crozer Theological Seminary  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 286 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
Date:
2018
Topic:
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African American Baptists--Clergy  Search this
African American Baptists--Clergy--Training  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1094262

What truth sounds like : Robert F. Kennedy, James Baldwin, and our unfinished conversation about race in America / Michael Eric Dyson

Title:
Robert F. Kennedy, James Baldwin, and our unfinished conversation about race in America
Author:
Dyson, Michael Eric  Search this
Subject:
Kennedy, Robert F. 1925-1968 Friends and associates  Search this
Baldwin, James 1924-1987 Influence  Search this
Smith, Jerome (Freedom Rider) 1949- Influence  Search this
Physical description:
294 pages ; 21 cm
Type:
Case studies
History
Place:
New York (State)
New York
United States
Date:
2018
20th century
Topic:
African Americans--Intellectual life  Search this
Cocktail parties  Search this
African American civil rights workers--History  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Intercultural communication  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1094624

Kennedy and King : the president, the pastor, and the battle over civil rights / Steven Levingston

Author:
Levingston, Steven  Search this
Subject:
Kennedy, John F (John Fitzgerald) 1917-1963  Search this
King, Martin Luther Jr. 1929-1968  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 511 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
20th century
1961-1963
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Presidents  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1091163

Paul Robeson : the artist as revolutionary / Gerald Horne

Author:
Horne, Gerald  Search this
Sponsoring body:
Knowledge Unlatched (Organization)  Search this
Subject:
Robeson, Paul 1898-1976  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (250 pages) : illustrations
Type:
Biography
Electronic books
Place:
United States
Date:
2016
Topic:
Singers  Search this
Actors  Search this
African American singers  Search this
Political activists  Search this
African American actors  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Restrictions & Rights:
Use copy Restrictions unspecified
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1064624

Atlanta and the Civil Rights Movement : 1944-1968 / Karcheik Sims-Alvarado, PhD

Author:
Sims-Alvarado, Karcheik  Search this
Physical description:
127 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Biography
History
Photobooks
Place:
Georgia
Atlanta
Alabama
Birmingham
Atlanta (Ga.)
Date:
2017
20th century
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1087453

Bayard Rustin and the civil rights movement / Daniel Levine

Author:
Levine, Daniel 1934-  Search this
Subject:
Rustin, Bayard 1912-1987  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 307 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2000
©2000
20th century
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African American pacifists  Search this
African American gay men  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Nonviolence--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1075306

Waking from the dream : the struggle for civil rights in the shadow of Martin Luther King Jr. / David L. Chappell

Author:
Chappell, David L  Search this
Subject:
King, Martin Luther Jr. 1929-1968 Influence  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 249 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2014
20th century
Topic:
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
African American political activists  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1076853

Race work : the rise of civil rights in the urban West / Matthew C. Whitaker

Author:
Whitaker, Matthew C  Search this
Subject:
Ragsdale, Lincoln Johnson 1926-1995  Search this
Ragsdale, Eleanor Odell Dickey 1926-1998  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 382 pages, [16] pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
Arizona
Phoenix
Phoenix (Ariz.)
Date:
2005
©2005
20th century
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
African Americans in the professions--History  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Race relations  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1077065

The human tradition in the civil rights movement / edited by Susan M. Glisson

Author:
Glisson, Susan M. 1967-  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 350 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2006
©2006
19th century
20th century
1865-
Topic:
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Minorities--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Social change--History  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1083208

Jane Crow : the life of Pauli Murray / Rosalind Rosenberg

Author:
Rosenberg, Rosalind 1946-  Search this
Subject:
Murray, Pauli 1910-1985  Search this
Episcopal Church Clergy  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 494 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2017
20th century
Topic:
African American intellectuals  Search this
African American poets  Search this
African American lawyers  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
African American feminists  Search this
Social reformers  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1080315

Freedom riders : 1961 and the struggle for racial justice / Raymond Arsenault

Author:
Arsenault, Raymond  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 690 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Southern States
Date:
2006
20th century
Topic:
African American civil rights workers--History  Search this
Civil rights workers--History  Search this
African Americans--Segregation--History  Search this
Segregation in transportation--History  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_800719

Walter White : Mr. NAACP / Kenneth Robert Janken

Title:
Mr. NAACP
Author:
Janken, Kenneth Robert 1956-  Search this
Subject:
White, Walter Francis 1893-1955  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 477, [16] p. of plates : ill., ports. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2006
20th century
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Civil rights workers  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Call number:
E185.97.W6 J36 2006
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_813105

They walked to freedom : 1955-1956 : the story of the Montgomery bus boycott / [Kenneth M. Hare]

Author:
Hare, Kenneth M  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Rosa 1913-2005  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 136 p. : ill., ports. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alabama
Montgomery
Montgomery (Ala.)
Date:
2005
C2005
20th century
Topic:
Boycotts  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Segregation in transportation--History  Search this
Civil rights movements--History  Search this
African American civil rights workers  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Call number:
F334.M79 N45 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_823232

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