Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
60 documents - page 1 of 3

Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection

Topic:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation
Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Names:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
National Air and Space Museum -- Exhibitions  Search this
Extent:
13.38 Cubic feet (11 legal document boxes, 1 shoe box (5 x 8 inches), 6 records center boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Date:
1917-2000
bulk 1981-1986
Summary:
This collection consists of background material collected in support of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) exhibit "Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation" (opened in 1982) and its companion book (published 1983) by curators Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano, a related symposium, educational materials, and a travelling version of the exhibit. The collection contains photographs and textual materials used in the exhibit and book, internal correspondence and memoranda, and a large amount of material gathered for research purposes but not used in any "Black Wings" production.
Scope and Contents:
The core of the collection covers activities of American Black aviators between 1917 and 1981, from Eugene Bullard's service as a pilot in World War I through the first Black astronauts assigned to the Space Shuttle program in the early 1980s. Curators Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano and other Museum staff collected and generally grouped materials to fit the four chronological sections of the "Black Wings" exhibit and related book, with a strong emphasis on the stories of individual people.

Headwinds (1917-1939) covers pioneer fliers such as Bullard and Bessie Coleman; Black aviation activities in the Chicago and Los Angeles areas; early aviators and organizers including William J. Powell, Willa Brown, and Cornelius Coffey; and long distance flights by James Herman Banning and Thomas C. Allen, and C. Alfred "Chief" Anderson and Dr. Albert E. Forsythe.

Flight Lines (1939-1945) includes the 1939 flight of Dale L. White and Chauncey E. Spencer to Washington, D.C.; the Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPT); the start of training of Black military pilots at Tuskegee Army Air Field during World War II; and training of the all-Black 477th Bombardment Group. This section and the next include U.S. Army Air Force documents and photography, and materials obtained from individual Tuskegee Airmen.

Wings for War (1943-1945) covers the experiences of the men of the 99th Fighter Squadron and later the 322nd Fighter Group, all-Black fighter units which participated in the Allied campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy during World War II, and their commander, Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.

Era of Change (1945-1981), including many materials from the U.S. armed forces and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), covers the desegregation of the armed forces; military pilots' participation in the Korean and Vietnam wars (featuring William Earl Brown, Jr.; Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr.; Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.); general aviation (John W. Green, Jr.; Neal Loving); commercial aviation (Perry H. Young, Jr.; James O. Plinton, Jr.); and the U.S. space program, including not just the first Black astronauts (Guion S. Bluford, Jr.; Ronald E. McNair; Frederick D. Gregory; Charles F. Bolden) but many other NASA professional men and women from Project Mercury through the beginning of the Space Shuttle era.

Most of the material was photocopied from other sources such as books, newspapers, periodicals, and other archival collections, but many copy photographs and anecdotes were obtained from the aviators themselves (or their families), particularly those active in the 1930s and 1940s. The collection also contains internal Museum documents, notes, and memoranda regarding the development and implementation of the various "Black Wings" productions, including portions of exhibit scripts, book manuscripts, ephemera, and Museum photography taken at the exhibit opening and the symposium. Photographic formats include prints, copy prints, 4 x 5 inch black and white copy negatives and color transparencies, and 35mm copy slides. Quality of the photography is often fair to poor, as the copies are several generations removed from the original images.

The last six boxes of the collection (currently unprocessed) consists of material collected circa 2000 by curator Cathleen S. Lewis and Ian Cook (NASM Department of Space History) for a proposed update to the "Black Wings" exhibit. After it became clear that the exhibit was not going to be updated, Lewis transferred the material to the NASM Aeronautics Department, as Hardesty and Pisano were contemplating an update to the Black Wings book. This, too, failed to materialize, and the material was transferred to the NASM Archives in May 2018 to be added to the existing Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection. This series was received by the Museum's Archives Division after the existing collection material had been scanned; it has not been scanned.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series. The first four roughly chronological series (Exhibit, Book, Educational Outreach, and Symposium) relate to the different "Black Wings" productions, and materials within each series often reflect the four-section groupings detailed in the Scope and Content note. The next series, Research Materials, has four sub-series: Biographical Files (alphabetical by last name), Subject Files and Study Materials (alphabetical by subject), Photographic Negatives, and Photographic Prints and Illustrations. The last series houses later additions to the collection which are currently unprocessed. Materials within folders are predominantly photocopies (xerographs) and often include numerous duplicates, many unlabeled, and in no specific order. Materials relating to an exhibit often include a NASM Exhibits Department reference number (example: SE:13-L73-P58 to P59) indicating the exhibit number (13), label number (L73), and position within the exhibit (P58 to P59). Some materials are not visible online due to copyright restrictions.
Biographical / Historical:
On September 23, 1982, the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) exhibit "Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation" opened as part of the existing "Pioneers of Aviation" exhibit located in Gallery 208 of the museum's National Mall Building in Washington, D.C. The exhibit was dedicated to the American Black Aviator, who anonymously played a historic role in shaping the growth of modern aviation. "Black Wings" encompasses the men and women who had to overcome enormous social pressures in order to gain the right to pursue the dream of flight in both civilian, military, and commercial circles. The exhibit generated much public and media interest, and inspired the Museum to sponsor a symposium on February 25, 1983, entitled "The American Black in Aviation, A Decade of Change: 1939-1949," (working title: "Tuskegee Airmen at War") featuring presentations by historians and U. S. Army Air Forces veterans including Noel F. Parrish (Commander, Tuskegee Army Air Field, 1942-1946), George F. Roberts (Commander, 99th Fighter Squadron, September 1943 to April 1944), and pilots Lewis A. Jackson, Elwood T. Driver, and Louis R. Purnell. In conjunction with the exhibit, the Museum, working with Sid Aaronson Films, Inc., produced a set of sound filmstrip packages designed for elementary and secondary school use. In 1983, the Smithsonian Institution Press published a companion book, Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation, authored by the exhibit's curators, Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano; a second edition was issued the following year as part of the Smithsonian History of Aviation and Spaceflight series. A Smithsonian Institution Travelling Exhibition Service (SITES) version of the exhibit began circulating to other museums and venues in June 1983, and a expanded version of the SITES exhibit (featuring additional artifacts, photography, and audio-visual materials) was displayed April 1 to August 5, 1984, at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum (later know as the Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum) in Washington, D.C. The original NASM "Black Wings" exhibit—with occasional updates—remained on display in the "Pioneers of Flight" gallery (later renamed the "Barron Hilton Pioneers of Flight Gallery") until 2019 when the gallery was closed due to renovations to the Museum's National Mall Building.
Related Materials:
"Black Wings: African American Pioneer Aviators" NASM Website Collection, NASM.2004.0026 [finding aid not available online]
Provenance:
National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Department of Aeronautics, Transfer, 1993, NASM.1993.0060; additional material transferred from NASM Department of Space History, 2018
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
aeronautics, civil  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Women in aeronautics  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
African American women air pilots  Search this
Women in technology  Search this
Astronauts  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
United States Air Force  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Blacks -- United States  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953  Search this
Vietnam War, 1961-1975  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection, Acc. NASM.1993.0060, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1993.0060
See more items in:
Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27c62d0c6-784f-4db6-9a31-26160b8635a1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1993-0060
Online Media:

Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
National Air and Space Museum--Exhibitions  Search this
Extent:
2 Sound recordings (audio cassette)
1 Linear foot ((1 box))
0.05 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Correspondence
Brochures
Exhibit scripts
Date:
c. 1983
Scope and Contents note:
In the 1980s, the National Air and Space Museum created an exhibit, with a correlating text called Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation. The exhibit and book were dedicated to the American Black Aviator, who has anonymously played a historic role in shaping the growth of modern aviation. Black Wings encompasses the men and women who had to overcome enormous social pressures in order to gain the right to pursue the dream of flight in both military and civilian circles. This show was exhibited at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum from April 01, 1984 to August 05, 1984.

These records document the planning, organizing, execution, and promotion of the exhibition. Materials include correspondence, research files, administrative records, brochures, education packages, and design layouts.
Local Call Number(s):
ACMA 03-016
Other Archival Materials:
This collection relates to the Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection housed at National Air and Space Museum, Archives Division, MRC 322, Washington, DC, 20560.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
The Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
African American air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Brochures
Exhibit scripts
Citation:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-016
See more items in:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa78491f9e6-2a8a-427f-b005-fbd54cc4ae7d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-03-016

Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation Narration

Creator:
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
4 Sound recordings (open reel, 1/4 inch)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Narration
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
circa 1984
Scope and Contents:
The narrator provides history of black men and women in aviation.
Narration or voice over with music. Part of Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation Audiovisual Records. Consistent beeps throughout several of the recordings. Some of the recordings contain some of the same content. Undated.
Biographical / Historical:
The exhibition, Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation, profiled the men and women who had to overcome enormous social pressures in order to gain the right to pursue the dream of flight in both military and civilian circles. The exhibition, originally created and displayed at the National Air and Space Museum, was dedicated to the American Black Aviator, who has anonymously played a historic role in shaping the growth of modern aviation. See an expanded version of the exhibition circulated by SITES, including among its additional artifacts photo murals and audio-visual programs, and the flight suit worn by black astronaut Guion Bluford during preparations for his 1983 space shuttle flight. The SITES exhibition is divided into four parts: Headwinds, the black pioneers of World War I and the early 1920s; Flight Lines, the changing role of blacks in the 1930s and '40s; Wings for War, black involvement in World War II; and Era of Change, their breakthroughs in commercial aviation after World War II. The collection, Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation Audiovisual Records, contains the audiovisual materials created when the exhibit was borrowed and adapted for exhibit at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum from April 1, 1984 - August 5, 1984.
Local Numbers:
ACMA AV003453-2

ACMA AV003455

ACMA AV003507
Series Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
African American women air pilots  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Narration
Citation:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation Narration, Exhibition Records AV03-016, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-016, Item ACMA AV003453-1
See more items in:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records / Series ACMA AV03-016: Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7b114edd5-79e7-49c0-bfa7-3ee0d088709e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-016-ref505

Short Films on Aviation and Space Flight

Creator:
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
United States. Air Force  Search this
Goddard, Robert Hutchings, 1882-1945  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Video recording (VHS)
Type:
Archival materials
Video recordings
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
circa 1984
Scope and Contents:
Several short films about Black aviation history, Blacks in the Air Force, aerial combat, Tuskegee Airmen, and World War II; and one short film about Robert Goddard and interplanetary space travel. Titles transcribed from physical asset include 'Blacks in Aviation,' 'Blackwings,' and 'Father of Space Age: Robert Goddard.'
Short films. Related to the exhibition 'Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation Audiovisual Records.' Undated.
Biographical / Historical:
The exhibition, Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation, profiled the men and women who had to overcome enormous social pressures in order to gain the right to pursue the dream of flight in both military and civilian circles. The exhibition, originally created and displayed at the National Air and Space Museum, was dedicated to the American Black Aviator, who has anonymously played a historic role in shaping the growth of modern aviation. See an expanded version of the exhibition circulated by SITES, including among its additional artifacts photo murals and audio-visual programs, and the flight suit worn by black astronaut Guion Bluford during preparations for his 1983 space shuttle flight. The SITES exhibition is divided into four parts: Headwinds, the black pioneers of World War I and the early 1920s; Flight Lines, the changing role of blacks in the 1930s and '40s; Wings for War, black involvement in World War II; and Era of Change, their breakthroughs in commercial aviation after World War II. The collection, Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation Audiovisual Records, contains the audiovisual materials created when the exhibit was borrowed and adapted for exhibit at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum from April 1, 1984 - August 5, 1984.
Series Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Space flight  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Citation:
Short Films on Aviation and Space Flight, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-016, Item ACMA AV002043
See more items in:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records / Series ACMA AV03-016: Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation audiovisual records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7d62654f5-33b8-4919-9faa-349afb814a76
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-016-ref506

Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation audiovisual records

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
National Air and Space Museum. Exhibitions  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Linear feet
2 Sound recordings (2 audio cassette sound recordings)
2 Video recordings (2 VHS 1/2" video recordings)
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1983
Scope and Contents note:
In the 1980s, the National Air and Space Museum created an exhibit, with a correlating text called Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation. The exhibit and book were dedicated to the American Black Aviator, who has anonymously played a historic role in shaping the growth of modern aviation. Black Wings encompasses the men and women who had to overcome enormous social pressures in order to gain the right to pursue the dream of flight in both military and civilian circles.This collection contains the audiovisual materials created when the exhibit was borrowed and adapted for exhibit at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum.
Related Archival Materials note:
This collection relates to the Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection housed at National Air and Space Museum, Archives Division, MRC 322, Washington, DC, 20560.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Collection Citation:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.03-016, Series ACMA AV03-016
See more items in:
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation exhibition records
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa741adbf1d-0b96-4d64-bd6e-3bcaa0e4c5ec
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-03-016-ref694

Dale L. White, Sr., Papers

Author:
White, Dale L., Sr., 1899-1977  Search this
Extent:
2.26 Linear feet (2 legal-sized boxes; 1 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1932-2013
bulk 1932-1939
Summary:
The Dale L., White, Sr., Papers consist of material relating to the aviation career of Dale L. White, Sr., including his attendance at the Curtiss Wright Aeronautical University and his piloting of the "Goodwill Flight" from Chicago, Illinois, to Washington, DC, to lobby for African-Americans to be able to join the US Army Air Corps. The bulk of the collection covers his flying years between 1932 and 1941, though personal materials from a later date are also included. Materials included are photographs, negatives, telegrams, a scrapbook, aeronautical textbooks, aeronautical notebook, DVDs, newspaper and magazine articles, pilot log books, pilot licenses, and related information.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists material relating to the aviation career of Dale L. White, Sr., including his attendance at the Curtiss Wright Aeronautical University and his piloting of a 1939 "Goodwill Flight" from Chicago, Illinois, to Washington, DC, to lobby for African-Americans to be able to join the US Army Air Corps. The collection also contains information on other important African-American aviators, including: Chauncey Spencer, White's navigator for the "Goodwill Flight;" Willa Brown; and John Charles Robinson, "The Brown Condor of Ethiopia."

The following types of material are included: photographs, negatives, telegrams, scrapbook, aeronautical textbooks, aeronautical notebook, newspaper and magazine articles, pilot log books, pilot licenses, DVDs and three mini-DV master video tapes with Chauncey Spencer (stored in the audiovisual collection), and related information.
Arrangement:
The collection has been arranged into three series: Series 1, Career and African-Americans in Aviation; Series 2, Personal Materials; and Series 3, Aeronautical Education Materials.

The collection did not have any particular order when received by the NASM Archives. Archivists have organized the documents by topic then by date.
Biographical Note:
Dale L. White, Sr., (1899-1977) was a prominent African-American pilot, who, along with Chauncey Spencer, flew a 1939 "Goodwill Flight" from Chicago, Illinois, to Washington, DC, to lobby for African-Americans to be able to join the US Army Air Corps.

Born in Minden, Louisiana, White moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1930. In 1932, he started to attend the Curtiss-Wright Aeronautical University. On August 18, 1933, White began his flight training and he received his license in June 1936. For the next decade, White was very active in Chicago African-American flying circles and was a member of the Challenger Air Pilots Association (CAPA), a group organized by Chicago-area African-American aviation enthusiasts.

In the spring of 1939, the CAPA decided to organize a "Goodwill Flight" to Washington, DC, to lobby for a change in legislation so the African-Americans could join the US Army Air Corps. Dale White was chosen to be the pilot and Chauncey Spencer was selected as the navigator for this flight. With a CAPA-secured rental of a Lincoln (Aircraft) Page LP-3 (New Swallow) biplane, White and Spencer left Chicago on May 8, 1939, for their 3000 mile round-trip. During their time in Washington, DC, White and Spencer had a scheduled meeting with Senators Slatttery and Everett Dirksen and chance meeting with then Senator Harry S. Truman, who in 1948 integrated the armed services by presidential order. After returning from their successful trip, White was chosen to drop a wreath on the grave of aviator Bessie Coleman, located in Lincoln Cemetery, Chicago, on a May day designated, "The Spirit of the late Bessie Coleman."

In August of 1939, the CAPA broadened its scope and was incorporated as the National Negro Airman's Association of America (NAAA), and White was elected to be vice president. During the rest of 1939, White made numerous flights in and around Chicago.

In 1940, White became an aircraft mechanic at Wright Patterson Field in Dayton, Ohio. White did not join the Tuskegee Airman as he was too old to apply, but he did continue to fly until June 1941, when he quit flying at the request of his wife. He retired from Wright Patterson in 1971 and died in 1977.
Provenance:
Donated Dale L. White, Jr., gift, 2013.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Flights  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Citation:
Dale L. White, Sr., Papers Collection, Accession 2013-0050, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2013.0050
See more items in:
Dale L. White, Sr., Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg29046f7e2-c1a8-46df-934a-348f398ef335
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2013-0050
Online Media:

Louis R. Purnell, Jr., Curator of Astronautics, in Front of Airplane at NASM

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Purnell, Louis R  Search this
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.) Dept. of Astronautics  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Paleobiology Division of Invertebrate Paleontology  Search this
Department of Paleobiology (NMNH) Division of Invertebrate Paleontology  Search this
United States Army Air Forces Fighter Group, 332nd  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen, Inc  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 5w x 7h; Type of Image: Person, Candid; Medium: Photographic print
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
c. 1980s
Topic:
Museum curators  Search this
Museums--Employees  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2008-3012
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11832

Louis R. Purnell in his United States Air Force Uniform

Author:
Polk's Studio, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama  Search this
Subject:
Purnell, Louis R  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.) Dept. of Astronautics  Search this
United States Army Air Forces Fighter Group, 332nd  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Paleobiology Division of Invertebrate Paleontology  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen, Inc  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Sepia; Size: 2.5w x 3.75h; Type of Image: Portrait; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Portraits
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
c. 1942
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Uniforms, Military  Search this
Museums--Employees  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0143
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12636

Louis R. Purnell in Airman Uniform

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Purnell, Louis R  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.) Dept. of Astronautics  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Paleobiology Division of Invertebrate Paleontology  Search this
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
United States Army Air Forces Fighter Group, 332nd  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen, Inc  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 1; Color: Black and white; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Portraits; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Portraits
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
c. 1942
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Uniforms, Military  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
African Americans  Search this
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2011-0144
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_12637

Louis Purnell Named Curator at National Air and Space Museum 1980

Subject:
Purnell, Louis R  Search this
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
United States Army Air Forces Fighter Group, 332nd  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)  Search this
Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation (Exhibition) (1982-2016: National Air and Space Museum)  Search this
Date:
1980
Topic:
Museum curators  Search this
Smithsonian Institution--Employees  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14589

Black wings : courageous stories of African Americans in aviation and space history / Von Hardesty

Title:
Courageous stories of African Americans in aviation and space history
Author:
Hardesty, Von 1939-  Search this
National Air and Space Museum  Search this
Physical description:
x, 180 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 27 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2008
©2008
Topic:
African American air pilots  Search this
African American astronauts  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Astronauts  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_840451

Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. Papers

Creator:
Campbell, Lawrence Edward "Larry," Jr.,, 1926-1992.  Search this
Extent:
0.87 Cubic feet ((2 boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Articles
Correspondence
Video recordings
Logbooks
Date:
bulk 1945-1992
Summary:
This collection consists of approximately 0.87 cubic feet of material relating to the career of Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. in the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Air Force Reserves, the National Transportation and Safety Board, and the Alaska Air National Guard.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of approximately 0.87 cubic feet of material relating to the career of Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr., including photographs; news clippings; correspondence; military and personnel records; award certificates and commendations; training materials and manuals; flight records; and a folder of material pertaining to a racial discrimination complaint that Campbell filed against his supervisor at the Alaska Field Office of the National Transportation and Safety Board. There are fifteen black and white photographs in the collection ranging in size from approximately 2.5 by 3.5 inches up to 8 by 10 inches. Aircraft shown in the photographs are the Republic P-47 (F-47) Thunderbolt; Lockheed (F-80) P-80A Shooting Star; and the Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar. The collection also contains three VHS tapes containing oral history interviews of Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. that were conducted by his family, the ceremony presenting him the The Alaskan Legion of Merit, and his memorial service; as well as two of Campbell's pilot's log books. The first log book covers the dates October 1947 to June 1960, and the second has a single entry for June 1968.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by type of material, or in some cases topic. Items within each folder are arranged chronologically. Titles in brackets were applied by Archivist.
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. (1926-1992) was a pioneering African American aviator. He volunteered for military service in 1944 and was sent for cadet training with the 332nd Fighter Group at Tuskegee Army Air Field but was discharged in 1945 at the end of World War II. Campbell was again accepted for flight training in 1947, which he successfully completed in 1948. In the late 1940s, Campbell flew the Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star which was widely reported to be the first jet flight to be made by an African American for the U.S. Air Force. Campbell was discharged again a few years later but continued his flying career with the U.S. Air Force Reserves. Campbell worked as an accident analyst and later administrative assistant with Boeing from the 1950s until taking a position as an air safety investigator with the National Transportation and Safety Board in 1963. In February of that year, Campbell joined the Alaska Air National Guard at the rank of captain making him the first African American member, and when he assumed command of the Guard unit in 1972, he became the first African American group commander in the country. Campbell retired from the Air National Guard in 1973 at the rank of colonel. Throughout his career, Campbell held a number of positions in state and Federal government including membership on the Alaska Transportation Commission; director of operations and safety manager for the U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Aircraft Services; and loan examiner for the Alaska Department of Commerce, Division of Veterans Affairs. Campbell was the recipient of numerous honors and awards including being selected by then Alaska governor Walter J. Hickel as the state's representative to the American Foundation for Negro Affairs Conference (1966); receiving the Air Force Commendation Award for outstanding achievement (1972); and being honored with the Alaska Legion of Merit (1992).
Provenance:
Dolores R. Campbell, Gift, 2016, NASM.2016.0035
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Republic P-47 (F-47) Thunderbolt Family  Search this
Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar  Search this
Lockheed (F-80) P-80A Shooting Star  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Articles
Correspondence
Video recordings
Logbooks
Citation:
Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. Papers, NASM.2016.0035, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0035
See more items in:
Lawrence Edward "Larry" Campbell, Jr. Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a2b30408-a201-4611-a6e7-e71b4b73e211
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0035
Online Media:

Soaring to glory a Tuskegee airman's firsthand account of World War II Philip Handleman with Lt. Col. Harry T. Stewart Jr

Author:
Handleman, Philip  Search this
Stewart, Harry T  Search this
Subject:
United States Army Air Forces African American troops  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 272 pages illustrations 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Biographies
Autobiographies
Place:
Tuskegee Army Air Field (Ala.)
Alabama
Tuskegee Army Air Field
Date:
2019
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, African American  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
Pilotes d'aéronef noirs américains  Search this
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / African American & Black  Search this
HISTORY / Military / Aviation  Search this
HISTORY / Military / World War II  Search this
Armed Forces--African American troops  Search this
Military operations, Aerial--American  Search this
Military participation--African American  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1156714

Tuskegee airman : the biography of Charles E. McGee : Air Force fighter combat record holder / by Charlene E. McGee Smith

Author:
Smith, Charlene E. McGee  Search this
Subject:
McGee, Charles E. 1919-  Search this
United States Army Air Forces  Search this
United States Air Force  Search this
Physical description:
204 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations, American  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, African American  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953--Participation, African American  Search this
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Participation, African American  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_715621

Cabin pressure : African American pilots, flight attendants, and emotional labor / Louwanda Evans

Author:
Evans, Louwanda 1975-  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 153 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2013
Topic:
Airlines--Employees  Search this
African American professional employees  Search this
Racism  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Flight attendents  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1046951

Easier said : the autobiography of Leroy A. Battle

Title:
Easier said : Tuskegee airman, educator, jazz musician : the autobiography of Leroy A. Battle
Author:
Battle, LeRoy A  Search this
Subject:
Battle, LeRoy A  Search this
Physical description:
x, 198 p. : ill., ports. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1995
1920-
World War, 1939-1945
Topic:
African Americans--History  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
African American teachers  Search this
Call number:
E185.97.B28 A3 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_715170

Bessie Coleman, the brownskin lady bird / Elizabeth Amelia Hadley Freydberg

Author:
Freydberg, Elizabeth Hadley  Search this
Subject:
Coleman, Bessie 1896-1926  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 156 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
Topic:
African American air pilots  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_461461

Queen Bess : daredevil aviator / Doris L. Rich

Author:
Rich, Doris L  Search this
Subject:
Coleman, Bessie 1896-1926  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 153 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1993
C1993
Topic:
African American air pilots  Search this
Women air pilots  Search this
Call number:
CT275.C675 R4 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_446416

Black Pilots of New York : 25th anniversary celebration : Sunday, November 1, 1992, 4-9 PM, the Elegant Family Life Center, 172-17 Linden Blvd., St. Albans, NY

Author:
Negro Airmen International Black Pilots of New York  Search this
Subject:
Negro Airmen International Black Pilots of New York  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1992
[1992?]
Topic:
African American air pilots--Anniversaries, etc  Search this
Call number:
TL710 .N39 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_455589

Black aviator : the story of William J. Powell : a new edition of William J. Powell's Black wings / with an introduction by Von Hardesty

Author:
Powell, William J. 1899-1942  Search this
Hardesty, Von 1939-  Search this
Subject:
Powell, William J. 1899-1942  Search this
Physical description:
xxvi, 150 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Autobiographies
Date:
1994
1934
©1994
Topic:
African Americans in aeronautics  Search this
African American air pilots  Search this
Call number:
CT275.P8992P8 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_466774

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By