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Austro-Hungarian World War I Aviation Album

Creator:
Kaiserlich und Königliche Luftfahrtruppen  Search this
Extent:
10.6 Gigabytes (49 digital surrogate images (97 digital image files, DNG format; 97 derivative digital image files, TIFF format), 300 ppi at 7240 x 5433 pixels (uncropped), 5650 x 3850 pixels (cropped))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Digital images
Date:
bulk 1915-1918
Summary:
This collection consists of digital scans of the forty-eight photographs in a souvenir album of Fliegerkompanie 17; "Gewidmet vom Offiziers Korps der Fliegerkomp.17. Südwest Front ("Dedicated by the Officer Corps of Squadron 17. Southwest Front"). The photographs chronicle the daily life of an active World War I squadron, showing squadron personnel in a variety of activities and providing a rare look at a lesser-known theater of the Great War.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of digital scans of the forty-eight photographs in a souvenir album of Fliegerkompanie 17; "Gewidmet vom Offiziers Korps der Fliegerkomp.17. Südwest Front ("Dedicated by the Officer Corps of Squadron 17. Southwest Front"). The photographs chronicle the daily life of an active World War I squadron, showing squadron personnel in a variety of activities: pilots and observers preparing for missions and relaxing off-duty, and enlisted menworking at all the trades required for keeping a squadron running -- repairing aircraft, manning an antiaircraft position, cooking rations, and even mending boots. The album provides a rare look at a lesser-known theater of the Great War.
Arrangement:
The digital image scans are presented in the order the photographs appear in the original photo album.
Biographical / Historical:
The Austro-Hungarian Empire entered World War I with a small air force, the Kaiserlich und Königliche Luftfahrtruppen or K.u.K. Luftfahrtruppen (Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops), consisting of eighty-five pilots, thirty-nine operable aircraft, and ten observation balloons. In the first year of the war, Luftahrtruppen units operated on the Serbian, Russian, and Romanian fronts. The Luftfahrtruppen was confronted by its most formidable opponent when Italy entered the war on the Allied side in May 1915. Fliegerkompanie 17 (FliK 17), a reconnaissance and artillery cooperation squadron, was activated on June 3, 1915 and was assigned to the South Tyrol front in Northern Italy, attached to the Austro-Hungarian 10. Armee Korps (10.AK); first at Gardolo, later at Pergine Valsugana, and once again at Gardolo. The squadron was disbanded at Hall, Austria, in 1918. Its most notable commander was Hauptmann (later Major) Raoul Stojsavljevic (1887-1930), a leading Luftfahrtruppen ace with ten aerial victories.
Provenance:
Steve Jorstad, Gift, 2015, NASM.2015.0022; digital image files created from original photo album loaned by donor for scanning.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918 -- Aerial operations  Search this
World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- Eastern Front  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Citation:
Austro-Hungarian World War I Aviation Album, Acc. NASM.2015.0022, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2015.0022
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2015-0022
Online Media:

The effect of disturbances of solar origin on communications; papers presented at the symposium of the Ionospheric Research Committee, AGARD Avionics Panel, Naples, Italy. Edited by G. J. Gassmann

Author:
North Atlantic Treaty Organization Advisory Group for Aeronautical Research and Development Avionics Panel Ionospheric Research Committee  Search this
Gassmann, George J  Search this
Physical description:
x, 349 p. illus., maps. 26 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1963
Topic:
Ionospheric radio wave propagation  Search this
Telecommunication  Search this
Solar radiation  Search this
Call number:
QC973.4 .I6N86
QC973.4.I6N86
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_78018

Russia Purchasing Airplanes in Italy

Collection Creator:
Hardesty, Von, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 17, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
March 26, 1923
Scope and Contents:
"Russia Purchasing Planes in Italy," G-2 report ON 12941, March 26, 1923. (photocopy)
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Russian Aeronautical Collection, ACC. 2006-0034, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Russian Aeronautical Collection
Russian Aeronautical Collection / Series 2: Soviet Union (Interwar Years, 1918-1940)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2006-0034-ref598

[Overseas Travel Ephemera]

Collection Source:
Buhl (Buhl-Verville Aircraft Co, Buhl Aircraft Co)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Verville, Alfred V.  Search this
Verville Aircraft Company  Search this
Extent:
1 Boxe ( (Flatbox))
Container:
Box 96
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1918-1922
Scope and Contents:
Originally kept together receipts, menus, correspondence, calling cards, hotel bills, train schedules, transportation requests, theatre programs, etc.

Probably collected during the travel for "Report of Inspection Trip to France, Italy, Germany, Holland and England Made During the Winter of 1921-1922 by Brigadier General William Mitchell, 1st Lt Clayton Bissell and Aeronautical Engineer Alfred Verville"
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Alfred Victor Verville Papers, Acc. XXXX-0173, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Alfred Victor Verville Papers
Alfred Victor Verville Papers / Series 8: Oversize & Odd Materials
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0173-ref259

General Mitchell's Report

Collection Source:
Buhl (Buhl-Verville Aircraft Co, Buhl Aircraft Co)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Verville, Alfred V.  Search this
Verville Aircraft Company  Search this
Extent:
5 Folders
Container:
Box 15; 16, Folder 12; 1-4
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1922
Scope and Contents:
The full title to this report is "Report of Inspection Trip to France, Italy, Germany, Holland and England Made During the Winter of 1921-1922 by Brigadier General William Mitchell, 1st Lt Clayton Bissell and Aeronautical Engineer Alfred Verville"
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Alfred Victor Verville Papers, Acc. XXXX-0173, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Alfred Victor Verville Papers
Alfred Victor Verville Papers / Series 3: Technical Materials / 3.4: Other Technical Reports, Indexes & Bibliographies
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0173-ref313

[Air Service Info Circular. Vol IV, No. 391 Report of Inspection Trip to France, Italy, Germany, Holland and England Made During the Winter of 1921-1922 by Brigadier General William Mitchell, 1st Lt Clayton Bissell and Aeronautical Engineer Alfred Verv...

Collection Source:
Buhl (Buhl-Verville Aircraft Co, Buhl Aircraft Co)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Verville, Alfred V.  Search this
Verville Aircraft Company  Search this
Extent:
2 Folders
Container:
Box 20, Folder 1-2
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
Nov. 1922
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Alfred Victor Verville Papers, Acc. XXXX-0173, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Alfred Victor Verville Papers
Alfred Victor Verville Papers / Series 3: Technical Materials / 3.6: Loose Air Force Circulars, Air Force Circular Index
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0173-ref348

Lawrence Burst Sperry Passport

Creator:
United States. Department of State  Search this
Names:
Sperry, Lawrence Burst  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Passports
Date:
1915-1916
Summary:
Lawrence Burst Sperry (1892-1923) was a pilot and inventor who is best known for creating the first autopilot and artificial horizon, as well as other aircraft instruments and developing landing gear for use on flying boats. This collection consists of a passport issued to Lawrence Burst Sperry by the US Department of State.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a passport issued to Lawrence Burst Sperry by the US Department of State, dated September 1915 and numbered 7201. The passport has fold lines and measures approximately 12 by 17 inches unfolded. The passport lists Sperry's intention to travel to England, France, and Italy for the purpose of "testing aeroplane devices." At the top left corner is a small (2.75 by 3 inches) head and shoulders portrait of Sperry and his signature. The document includes a physical description of Sperry; a red Department of State seal which has had a piece removed; stamps and marks of various consulates in the countries listed; as well as an amendment permitting Sperry to travel to Switzerland, "for health." The stamps are dated 1915 through 1916.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Lawrence Burst Sperry (1892-1923) was a pilot and inventor who is best known for creating the first autopilot and artificial horizon, as well as other aircraft instruments and developing landing gear for use on flying boats. Sperry had over 20 patents to his name and also served as a flight instructor in the US Navy during World War I. Sperry was killed in 1923 when a plane he was piloting went down over the English Channel.
Provenance:
Unknown, Found in Collection, NASM.XXXX.1181
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Passports
Citation:
Lawrence Burst Sperry Passport, NASM.XXXX.1181, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1181
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1181
Online Media:

Piaggio Aircraft Photo Albums

Creator:
Piaggio (Industrie Aeronautiche e Meccaniche Rinaldo Piaggio SpA)  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (3 photo albums)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1934-1945
Summary:
This collection consists of three Piaggio & Co. (Italy) photo albums containing photographs of Piaggio aircraft from the period of circa 1934 to 1945, including the Piaggio P.16 bomber; the long-distance transport prototypes Piaggio P.23M and P.23R (also known as the P.123); the prototype Piaggio P.32-I bomber; the Piaggio P.50-I and P.50-II bombers; the four-engine Piaggio P.108B, P.108C, and P.108T aircraft; the Piaggio P.111 high-altitude research aircraft; and the prototype Piaggio P.119 fighter. Also included are photographs of aircraft built by Piaggio from designs by two other Italian companies: the Nardi FN.305 and the Nardi FN.315, the Cant (CRDA) Z.501, and the Cant (CRDA) Z.506 family.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of three photo albums produced by Piaggio & Co. circa 1943. The first album, "Piaggio Aircraft Projects, 1st Series," covers a period from circa 1934 to 1938, and includes photographs of the Piaggio P.16 bomber, the long-distance transport prototypes Piaggio P.23M and P.23R (also known as the P.123), the prototype Piaggio P.32-I bomber, and the Piaggio P.50-I and P.50-II bombers. The second album, "Velivoli Costruti In Serie Dalla Piaggio Su Progetti Di Altre Ditte" [Aircraft produced in Series by Piaggio of Other Companies' Designs], covering a period from circa 1934 to 1943, presents photographs of aircraft built by Piaggio from designs by two other Italian companies (Nardi and Cant) which were too small to produce the number of aircraft ordered by the Italian government. Fratelli Nardi models include the Nardi FN.305 and the Nardi FN.315 (an improved version of the FN.305). Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico (CRDA, commonly called Cant) models designed by Filippo Zappata include the Cant (CRDA) Z.501, and the Cant (CRDA) Z.506A (civil version), Z.506B (military version), and Z.506S (air-sea rescue version). The third album, "Piaggio Aircraft Projects, 2nd Series," dated October 22, 1945, and includes photographs of the four-engine Piaggio P.108B, P.108C, and P.108T aircraft; the Piaggio P.111 high-altitude research aircraft; and the prototype Piaggio P.119 fighter.
Arrangement:
The three photo albums are presented in original order.

In 1979, all photographs were copied in the original order and assigned Smithsonian Institution (SI) negative numbers (SI 79-7688 through SI 79-7788).

In 1990, all items in this collection were reproduced on the first side (Side A) of National Air and Space Museum Archival Videodisc 7, a LaserDisc CAV format 12-inch (30 cm) optical disc published by the Smithsonian Institution. Print numbers applied during videodisc production (keeping to the original order) are used as item-level image numbers (print numbers NASM 7A36888 to NASM 7A36990, videodisc frame capture numbers VD-7A36888 to VD-7A36990).
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in Genoa, Italy, in 1884, Rinaldo Piaggio SpA manufactured interiors for ocean liners, later branching out into the construction of rolling stock for railroads at the beginning of the twentieth century, and moving their works to a large factory space at Finalmarina (later Finale Ligure), Italy. During the first World War, Piaggio expanded his company to include aircraft design and manufacturing (Industrie Aeronautiche e Meccaniche Rinaldo Piaggio SpA) and rebranded as Piaggio & Co. By the end of the 1920s, Piaggio had brought on more aircraft designers, and established an aeronautical research laboratory at the Finale Ligure works, the Cantieri Aeronautici Piaggio di Finale Ligure Marina. In the Italian Fascist period of the mid 1930s and early 1940s leading up to World War II, Piaggio worked on a number of designs for the Regia Aeronautica (Italian Royal Air Force) including several prototype aircraft. Piaggio's facilities were heavily bombed during the war, but the company was able to recover and rebuild in the post-war period (having a notable commercial success with their Vespa motor scooter), and continued to produce aircraft into the twenty-first century.
Provenance:
Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences, gift, 1960s, NASM.XXXX.1216
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Airplanes -- Italy  Search this
Piaggio P.23R  Search this
Citation:
Piaggio Aircraft Photo Albums, Acc. NASM.XXXX.1216, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1216
See more items in:
Piaggio Aircraft Photo Albums
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1216
Online Media:

1906 Milan, Italy, International Aeronautical Congresses

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer J1, Folder 1906-525-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Museums, Exhibits, Memorials, Planetariums, Science Centers
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Museums, Exhibits, Memorials, Planetariums, Science Centers / Series U: Museums, Exhibits, Memorials, Planetariums, Science Centers, by Name / North Carolina Museum of Life and Science (Durham, NC)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-u-ref1544

1906 Milan, Italy, International Aeronautical Congresses

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref122

1906 Milan, Italy, International Aeronautical Congresses

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer J1, Folder 1906-525-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date / 1906 Milan, Italy, International Aeronautical Congresses
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref123

1931 Italy, Milan & Rome, Aeronautical Exhibitions

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref2821

1931 Italy, Milan & Rome, Aeronautical Exhibitions

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer J1, Folder 1931-447-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date / 1931 Italy, Milan & Rome, Aeronautical Exhibitions
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref2822

1939 Rome, Italy, World Congress of the Aeronautical Press

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref4101

1939 Rome, Italy, World Congress of the Aeronautical Press

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer J1, Folder 1939-700-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date / 1939 Rome, Italy, World Congress of the Aeronautical Press
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref4102

1939 Rome, Italy, World Congress of the Aeronautical Press

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer J1, Folder 1939-700-02
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date / 1939 Rome, Italy, World Congress of the Aeronautical Press
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref4105

1902 Rome, Italy, Aeronautical Conference

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref82

1902 Rome, Italy, Aeronautical Conference

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Container:
Drawer J1, Folder 1902-781-01
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Documents
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events
National Air & Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Events / Series J1: Events, Air Expositions, Meets, Races, Shows, and Special Flights, by Date / 1902 Rome, Italy, Aeronautical Conference
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-j-ref83

Stock Certificate for Société des Moteurs Gnome et Rhone

Creator:
Société des Moteurs Gnome et Rhone  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stock certificates
Date:
bulk 1941
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a stock certificate, No. 71,050, for 300 francs of the Société des Moteurs Gnome et Rhone, dated May 15, 1941. Attached are 24 coupons.
Biographical / Historical:
Louis Seguin founded the Gnome engine company in 1895. The Gnome firm initially manufactured internal combustion engines for industrial purposes, and later as automobile engines. In 1898, the company merged with the firm of a hardware manufacturer, Maurice Thevenin, and was renamed the Société des Fonderies de Cuivre de Lyon, Macon, et Paris, Thevenin Freres, L. Seguin et Cie. Seguin separated out the engine manufacturing operations from the rest of the company and established the Société Anonyme des Moteurs Gnome in 1905. When automobile engine sales decreased due to the recession of 1907-1908, Gnome began manufacturing engines for other purposes, including aircraft. Gnome displayed its first rotary engine in late 1908 and, by March 1911, had expanded its factory to meet demand for the engine. By late 1913, Gnome was manufacturing engines in England, Russia, and Italy. The Société des Moteurs "Le Rhone" was founded in 1912 by Edouard Martin to produce rotary engines in competition with Gnome. Sensing a dangerous rival, Gnome offered Rhone very good terms to sell and the two companies began operating together under the name Société des Moteurs Gnome et Rhone in June 1914 although legal issues were not concluded officially until early 1915. Rhone engines were especially popular for military aircraft during World War I and were manufactured in Great Britain and the United States. After the War, the Société des Moteurs Gnome et Rhone attempted to diversify by producing different types of engines, automobile parts, an agricultural tractor, motorcycles, woolen textile machinery, sewing machines, and marine equipment. Only motorcycles and aviation engines were successful due to various problems with these plans and the recession of 1920-1921. In 1922, the Seguin family left Société des Moteurs Gnome et Rhone and new management took over. Bankers Henry Bauer and Charles Marchal, along with Paul Louis Weiller, took leadership of the company. The Société des Moteurs Gnome et Rhone, under Weiller's management, remained a top aviation engineer manufacturer until nationalizing under the name of S.N.E.C.M.A in 1945.
Provenance:
Unknown, Gift?, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Propulsion systems  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stock certificates
Citation:
Stock Certificate for Société des Moteurs Gnome et Rhone, Accession XXXX-0892, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0892
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0892

Rolf Engel Collection

Creator:
Engel, Rolf.  Search this
Names:
Oberth, Hermann, 1894-1989  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Technical drawings
Technical notes
Date:
bulk 1935-1936
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of files for eight different projects related to rockets conceived by Hermann Oberth, Rudolf Nebel, Franz Mengering, Reinhold Tiling, and some unattributed work. The rockets discussed the project files includes Mirak and Doppelstaber (this may be another name for the Repulsor), as well as several other types. The files contain drawings, notes, and photographs. All materials are in German. There is also a set of photocopies of many of the images which includes a small amount of caption information for some of the images.
Biographical / Historical:
Rolf Engel was born on August 10, 1912 in Menz/Ruppin, Germany. In 1928, along with Wernher von Braun, Engel joined the newly formed Berlin Section of the Verein Für Raumschiffahrt (German Rocket Society), where he participated in liquid propellant rocket experiments at the Raketenflugplatz (Rocket Airfield) with people like Rudolf Nebel, Willy Ley, Klaus Riedel and von Braun. Engel also worked as chief technical assistant to Johannes Winkler, who launched the HW-1 rocket on February 20, 1931 at a military parade ground near Dessau. This event represented the first launching of a liquid propellant rocket by someone other than Robert Goddard. From 1932 to 1935, Engel founded two research groups, Research Institute for Rocket Technology and Versuchsabteilung (Experimental Department), but they were short-lived due to lack of funding. In 1939, Engel was named technical director of Versuchsanstalt Für Strahltriebwerke (Research Center for Jet Engines) where work primarily focused on the development of fin-stabilized, solid propellant liquid rockets. During World War II, Engel was a member of the Ministry of Armament's Commissions on Ammunition, Armament, and Ballistic Missiles and also a member of the Reichsforschungsrat (National Research Council). From 1946 to 1952, Engel worked in France as a consultant for ONERA (Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aéronautiques). From 1952 to 1957, he worked in Egypt advising the Egyptian Air Force as Director of CERVA (Compagnie des Engines à Réaction pour Vol Accéleré). From 1957 to 1962, Engel lived in Rome, Italy and served as a consultant to various guided missile manufacturers including SISPRE (Societa Italiana per lo Studio della Propulsione a Reazione) and Bombrini Parodi-Delfino. In 1962, Engel returned to Germany where he was named Director of the newly-formed space division of the Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm (MBB) consortium in Munich. In 1971, Engel retired from active professional life for health reasons, although he published several books throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Rolf Engel died in 1993 at the age of 81.
Provenance:
Rolf Engel, Gift
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Rocketry  Search this
Rockets (Aeronautics)  Search this
Space flight  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Mirak Research Rocket (Germany, 1930s)  Search this
Repulsor Research Rocket (Germany, 1931)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Technical drawings
Technical notes
Citation:
Rolf Engel Collection, Accession XXXX-0856, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0856
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0856

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