Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
37,400 documents - page 1 of 500Result pages are truncated to 500.

African Americans in Aeronautics

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg233df4b4b-be4b-4e70-987f-2b4d1311fbae
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76439

African Americans in Aeronautics [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.C, File C2-010000-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups / African Americans in Aeronautics
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg27cf2e79d-6005-4496-82a4-6c3b180a9d7c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76440

African Americans in Aeronautics [Photos]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.C, File C2-010000-80
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups / African Americans in Aeronautics
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg21efeaa74-b05f-411e-8dd8-93ad1d0ac345
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76443

Blacks in Aviation and Space Science (See: African Americans in Aeronautics and African Americans in Space Science)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28bcb7812-cb01-4bed-bced-fcda8bac3ca5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76450

Blacks in Aviation and Space Science (See: African Americans in Aeronautics and African Americans in Space Science) [Cross-reference]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
See: African Americans in Aeronautics and African Americans in Space Science
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.C, File C2-050000-00
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Biographies / Series C2: Biographies: Groups / Blacks in Aviation and Space Science (See: African Americans in Aeronautics and African Americans in Space Science)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg23fbdc35b-333b-4499-9fd6-a081c6b7b2cc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-c-ref76451

USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg24ef50cc1-f14a-4d05-99ed-7ed8c218ac3d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref65104

USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-523750-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2ae315a1c-552d-4a4c-9fc6-382241014bb3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref65105

USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-523750-02
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2d2350d0e-2909-4c49-b38c-ecbb7754ea63
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref65108

USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-523750-03
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg29780f272-9c7f-491e-94bd-baf91b3a0f41
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref65111

USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-523750-04
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2e9af8d9d-d48f-4a1d-bb7b-9b50cd144d41
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref65114

USA, Genêt (Edmond Charles), "Aeronaut" (1826) [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-305200-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, Genêt (Edmond Charles)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2cb9ecfef-ee23-4c87-baf8-de2db947e8ad
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref66173

Box, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Medal, James H. Doolittle

Materials:
Metal
Textile
Paper
Dimensions:
3-D: 7.8 × 9.5 × 1.9cm (3 1/16 × 3 3/4 × 3/4 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle (USAF, Ret.)
Inventory Number:
A19600042001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c004c27e-c121-466b-9fbf-1d0ed9415813
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600042001
Online Media:

Box, Presentation, International Harmon Trophy Medal, James H. Doolittle

Materials:
Wood
Textile
Metal
Dimensions:
3-D: 13.8 × 13.3 × 2.4cm (5 7/16 × 5 1/4 × 15/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle (USAF, Ret.)
Inventory Number:
A19600054001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9e498e290-7cfb-4d92-a340-2108d9f300e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600054001
Online Media:

Box, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Medal, James H. Doolittle

Manufacturer:
Medallic Art Company  Search this
Materials:
Wood
Textile
Metal
Dimensions:
3-D: 10.8 × 10.2 × 2.2cm (4 1/4 × 4 × 7/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle (USAF, Ret.)
Inventory Number:
A19600059001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv933151689-3ff0-4a37-821c-8ff5f122bfba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600059001
Online Media:

Stand, Display, Medal, Research Institute of America Award, James H. Doolittle

Manufacturer:
Medallic Art Company  Search this
Materials:
Wood
Dimensions:
3-D: 3.3 × 10 × 2.9cm (1 5/16 × 3 15/16 × 1 1/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle (USAF, Ret.)
Inventory Number:
A19610002001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv985c0d21d-d922-4024-84c3-3d6966853622
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19610002001
Online Media:

Box, Medal, National Aeronautic Association, Lowell Smith, Douglas World Cruiser

Materials:
Metal
Textile
Dimensions:
3-D: 10.5 × 15.9 × 2.1cm (4 1/8 × 6 1/4 × 13/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1924
Credit Line:
Donated by Mrs. Lowell H. Smith
Inventory Number:
A19840684001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9590363b6-c3df-4991-8464-6ade19a259d8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19840684001
Online Media:

Satellite, COBE, FIRAS, External Calibrator

Manufacturer:
NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center  Search this
Materials:
Overall - aluminum, plastic
Dimensions:
3-D: 30.5 x 30.5 x 20.3cm (12 x 12 x 8 in.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Scientific
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19960298003
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b29afee6-313f-41e6-bc7c-44395ec48cbc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19960298003
Online Media:

The Aeronautic Society of New York and the Birth of American Aviation, 1908-1918

Author:
Crouch, Tom D.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2011
Citation:
Crouch, Tom D. 2011. "The Aeronautic Society of New York and the Birth of American Aviation, 1908-1918." New York History, 92, (4) 268–289.
Identifier:
112123
ISSN:
0146-437x
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_112123

A. Scott Crossfield Papers

Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Names:
Eastern Air Lines  Search this
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)  Search this
North American Aviation, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
20.23 Cubic feet (42 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Date:
1940 - 2004
Summary:
This collection consists of over nine cubic feet of material documenting Scott Crossfield's aviation career, with emphasis on his involvement with the North American X-15. The following types of material are included: correspondence; reel to reel tapes; papers, manuscripts; newspaper and magazine clippings; aviation manuals; photographs; film; and Crossfield's notes and reports.
Scope and Content note:
This collection encompasses the entirety of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr.'s career as an engineer, test pilot, airline executive, and speaker and advocate for aerospace education. Records in the collection date from Crossfield's time at college in the 1940s through his death in 2006. Crossfield's papers were donated to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives by the Crossfield family in 2006 and a second batch of material was received in 2008. The collection was received without any apparent organizational scheme, but some items were received in labeled folders and these folder titles were retained when the collection was processed. One group of material was loaned by the family for copying and these items were photocopied and placed within the appropriate folder in the case of documents, or were scanned and entered into the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives image database in the case of photographs.

After his retirement from North American Aviation, Inc., Crossfield gave his papers to a former secretary, Marion Brown, so that she could organize them for his use in future writing projects. In February 1973, a U.S. Navy Vought A-7E Corsair II crashed into the apartment building where Brown lived and all of Crossfield's papers in her possession were destroyed. Due to this incident, the collection has more material from Crossfield's time with Eastern Air Lines and onwards, although the prior years are still well represented through records that were either retained in Crossfield's possession or copies that were gathered after the fact. There is correspondence from Crossfield relating to the crash in Box 11 of the collection.

The archival materials in this collection are organized into four series. The first series is composed of personal materials and includes school records, correspondence, personal photographs, records relating to various organizations in which Crossfield was active, information relating to the publication of Crossfield's autobiography, Always Another Dawn, other writings by Crossfield, financial records, subject files assembled by Crossfield, philatelic materials (Crossfield was an active collector and was a founding member and officer of The Aviation Historical Foundation, a philatelic organization), and news clippings. The material in this series is largely organized chronologically. Personal photographs and subject files are organized by topic first and chronologically within each folder and organizations are arranged alphabetically by name first and also chronologically within the individual folders.

The second series contains items relating to Crossfield's professional life, organized chronologically by place of employment. This series includes materials relating to Crossfield's work at Boeing, the U.S. Navy, the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), North American Aviation, Inc., Eastern Air Lines, Hawker Siddeley Aviation, Crossfield's work as an Independent Technical Advisor, Crossfield's application for the position of Director of the National Air and Space Museum, Crossfield's time as a member of the United States Organizing Committee, and his work with organizations such as the Scott Crossfield Foundation and The Wright Experience. During the later part of his life, Crossfield toured the country extensively giving speeches, presenting awards, etc. and there is a large amount of material relating to these appearances in this part of the collection. These materials arrived already organized chronologically by individual trip and this organizational scheme was retained. Specifically, the professional life series includes flight reports, manuals, drawings, business correspondence, administrative records, presentations and papers, travel itineraries, notebooks, calendars, speeches delivered by Crossfield, and career related photographs (which are broken out as their own subseries). The professional life series also includes a section of miscellaneous professional items including job seeking correspondence, information on the patent for a power wheel braking or driving unit designed by Crossfield, and a folder of Crossfield's résumés.

The third series consists of audiotapes and is organized first by tape format and then chronologically within each category. Subjects of the audiotapes include speeches, a large number of North American X-15 cockpit recordings and radio communications, tape produced for a television program, and autobiographical notes. A number of the audiotapes include no description. With a total of 65 examples in this series, the most common audiotape format in the collection is, by far, 7 inch reel to reel tapes. Other formats in this series include 5 inch reel to reel tapes, 3.125 by 3.5 inch metal audiotape cartridges, and Dictaphone recording belts. Please note that these audio recordings are unavailable to the researcher at the time of processing due to the format and fragility of the tapes.

The fourth series of this collection is comprised of oversized materials and additional materials including galley proofs, news clippings, drawings, charts, professional records, and photographs. The organization of this series mirrors the folder titles found in the rest of the collection.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains several motion picture films relating to the life and career of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. These films are not included in the container list but a NASM Archives staff person can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
The A. Scott Crossfield Papers are organized into the following series and subseries:

Series I: Personal Materials

1.1 School Records

1.2 Correspondence

1.3 Personal Photographs

1.4 Organizations

1.5 Information Related to the Publication of Always Another Dawn

1.6 Other Writings by Crossfield

1.7 Financial Records

1.8 Subject Files

1.9 Philatelic Materials

1.10 News Clippings

1.11 Miscellaneous Personal Records

Series II: Professional Life

2.1 Boeing

2.2 U.S. Navy

2.3 Kirsten Wind Tunnel, University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory

2.4 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)

2.5 North American Aviation, Inc.

2.6 Eastern Air Lines

2.7 Hawker Siddeley Aviation

2.8 Independent Technical Advisor

2.9 Application for NASM Director Position

2.10 United States Organizing Committee

2.11 Scott Crossfield Foundation

2.12 The Wright Experience

2.13 Speaking Engagements and Professional Appearances

2.14 Career Related Photographs

2.14 Miscellaneous Professional Records

Series III: Audiotapes

Series IV: Oversized Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. was born on October 2, 1921, in California. As a young boy, Crossfield was often confined indoors due to health problems related to pneumonia and rheumatic fever. During this time, he dreamed of becoming a pilot and designed and constructed model airplanes. Crossfield took his first airplane ride in 1927, at six years old, in an Alexander Eaglerock A-1 piloted by family friend Charles "Carl" Lienesch. Lienesch also encouraged Crossfield to become an engineer as well as a pilot. Unbeknownst to Crossfield's parents, he began taking flying lessons at the age of 12 at Wilmington Airport under the tutelage of pilot Vaughn McNulty. The family later moved to Washington State and it was there, at the Chehalis Airport, that Crossfield made his first solo flight in a Curtiss Robin. It was not until the summer of 1941, however, that Crossfield officially soloed and earned his pilot's license under the Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA), Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP).

Crossfield enrolled in the University of Washington in 1940 and worked at the Boeing plant in Seattle, beginning in the fall of 1941, while still pursuing his studies. Crossfield's first assignment at Boeing was as an assembly page clerk. He was later promoted to the position of production expediter and shop salvage engineer. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps and continued to work at Boeing while he waited for an opening in a cadet class. In February 1942, tired of waiting on the Air Corps and eager to get into combat, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Navy instead where he joined the cadet class of May 7, 1942. Crossfield first trained in Seattle, Washington, and later was sent to the Naval Air Training Center in Corpus Christi, Texas, where he earned his Naval Aviator's wings in 1942. During his time in the Navy, Crossfield never fulfilled his ambition to see combat because he was selected instead to remain at Corpus Christi as a flight and gunnery instructor. Crossfield eventually was sent to Hawaii to prepare and train for an invasion of Japan but the war ended before this became necessary. During his time in the U.S. Navy, Crossfield flew the Grumman F6F Hellcat, Vought F4U Corsair, and the North American SNJ Texan, among other aircraft. After he separated from active duty with the Service, Crossfield remained active in the Naval Reserves and was part of an aerobatic team at Sand Point Naval Air Station that flew Goodyear FG-1D Corsairs.

Crossfield returned to his studies at the University of Washington in 1946 and was employed doing tests at the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University's Aeronautical Laboratory. Crossfield earned his Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering in 1949 and his master's degree in aeronautical science in 1950. After obtaining his degrees, Crossfield joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as a research pilot. During his time with NACA, Crossfield flew many aircraft including the Convair XF-92A, Bell X-1, Northrop X-4 Bantam, Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak, Bell X-5, Republic F-84F Thunderstreak, Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, North American F-86 Sabre, and the North American F-100A Super Sabre. Crossfield made history in the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket on November 20, 1953, as the first pilot to exceed Mach 2 (twice the speed of sound).

In 1955, Crossfield left NACA and joined North American Aviation, Inc. to work on the X-15 program where he would not only serve as the X-15 Project Pilot but also as a Design Specialist, a role in which he was an integral part of the design of both the aircraft and the pressure suit developed by the David Clark Company for the X-15 program. The suit served as a prototype for the spacesuits later worn by astronauts. Crossfield helped to develop the X-15's cockpit, control, and engine systems; structural design; propulsion system; engineered its escape system; and contributed to its handling quality requirements. He also developed the ground control test methodology that would later become standard on the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs. Crossfield piloted the North American X-15 on its first captive flight in March 1959, first glide flight in June 1959, and the first powered flight in September 1959, as well as numerous other test flights, before the X-15 was delivered to the U.S. Air Force (USAF) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in February 1960. Crossfield also served as Chief Engineering Test Pilot at North American from 1955-1961 before moving to the Space and Information Systems Division first as the Director of Systems Test (1961) then as the Division Director of Test and Quality Assurance (1961-1966) where he was responsible for quality control in all North American projects including the Hounddog Missile (AGM-28, GAM-77), Paragliders for the Gemini program, Apollo Command and Service Module, and the Saturn V launch vehicles, second stage. Crossfield's final position with North American was as the Technical Director, Research, Engineering and Test from 1966-1967.

Crossfield joined Eastern Air Lines in Miami, Florida, as Division Vice President, Flight, Research, and Development, Flight Operations in 1967, a position he held until 1971 when he moved to Washington, DC, to serve as Staff Vice President, Transportation Systems Development (1971-1973). From 1974 to 1975, Crossfield served as Senior Vice President at Hawker Siddeley Aviation's U.S. subsidiary branch, an office he helped to establish. After leaving Hawker Siddeley, Crossfield served for many years as an independent technical advisor to the U.S. Congress. Crossfield also served on the United States Organizing Committee to plan the Air and Space Bicentennial. In the later part of his life, Crossfield traveled extensively to give talks, attend events, and make various professional appearances and it was on a return flight home from one such trip in 2006 that Crossfield was killed when the plane he was piloting was caught in a thunderstorm.

Crossfield was active in various organizations including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the National Aeronautic Association (NAA), and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP), a group in which he was a founding member. Crossfield also created the Scott Crossfield Foundation to support aerospace education. Crossfield was the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Sperry (Lawrence B.) Memorial Award (1954) and Chanute (Octave) Award (AIAA, 1958), Kincheloe Award (SETP, 1960), Harmon Trophy (1960), Collier (Robert J.) Trophy (1961), NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1993), and the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Trophy for Lifetime Achievement (2000).

Crossfield published his autobiography, Always Another Dawn, in 1960 with Clay Blair, Jr. and is the author of numerous other publications, articles, and technical papers.
Provenance:
Alice Crossfield, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
North American X-15  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0041
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28d41031c-4569-4e2e-b114-8a32f81be51e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0041
Online Media:

Training aircraft used by Tuskegee Institute

Subject of:
Boeing Corporation, American, founded 1916  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen, 1941 - 1946  Search this
Maycie Herrington, American, 1918 - 2016  Search this
Paul Adams, American, 1920 - 2013  Search this
Charles E. McGee, American, 1919 - 2022  Search this
Nancy Leftenant-Colon, American, born 1920  Search this
Wilbur Mason, American, 1924 - 2016  Search this
Samuel Wesley Henderson, American, 1921 - 2016  Search this
Cyril O. Bryon, American, 1920 - 2015  Search this
George M. Boyd, American, 1926 - 2018  Search this
William J. Childs, American, 1923 - 2013  Search this
Alexander Jefferson, American, 1921 - 2022  Search this
Leroy Eley, American, 1927 - 2012  Search this
O. Oliver Goodall, American, 1922 - 2010  Search this
Charles A. Lane, American, 1925 - 2013  Search this
Thurston L. Gaines Jr., American, 1922 - 2016  Search this
Lee A. Archer Jr., American, 1919 - 2010  Search this
Earl Martin, American, 1924 - 2019  Search this
Franklin J. Macon, American, 1923 - 2020  Search this
Rusty Burns, American, 1925 - 2022  Search this
Asa D. Herring Jr., American, 1926 - 2022  Search this
James E. Randall, American, 1926 - 2019  Search this
William H. Holloman III, American, 1924 - 2010  Search this
Robert Holts, American, 1924 - 2021  Search this
Leonard Hall, American, 1926 - 2013  Search this
James Harvey, American, born 1923  Search this
Dr. Roscoe C. Brown, American, 1922 - 2016  Search this
Samuel C. Hunter Jr., American, 1919 - 2013  Search this
Leo R. Gray, American, 1924 - 2016  Search this
Quentin Smith, American, 1918 - 2013  Search this
Oscar C. Gadson Jr., American, 1919 - 2021  Search this
James C. Warren, American, 1923 - 2014  Search this
Robert Ashby, American, 1926 - 2021  Search this
Claude R. Platte Jr., American, 1921 - 2013  Search this
Milton Williams Jr., American, 1922 - 2017  Search this
Used by:
Tuskegee Institute, American, founded 1881  Search this
Medium:
steel, aluminum, copper alloy, wood, polyester, rubber, plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D (2011.82.1): 114 × 386 × 300 in. (289.6 × 980.4 × 762 cm)
H x W x D (2011.82.2 baggage claim door): 21 1/2 × 30 3/4 × 2 3/4 in. (54.6 × 78.1 × 7 cm)
Type:
training aircraft
Date:
ca. 1944
Topic:
African American  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Military  Search this
Tuskegee Airmen  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.82.1-.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Transportation Vehicles
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e994f4e9-bef9-41b4-86d9-a2b0ce43f9fc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.82.1-.2
Online Media:

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By