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Records of the Robert Mills Papers Project, [xerographic and photographic copies]

Director:
Evelyn, Douglas E.  Search this
Names:
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Alexander, Robert L.  Search this
Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867  Search this
Bryan, John  Search this
Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850  Search this
Clay, Henry  Search this
Clinton, DeWitt  Search this
Corcoran, W. W. (William Wilson), 1798-1888  Search this
Davis, Jefferson  Search this
Hoban, James  Search this
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826  Search this
Lafayette  Search this
Latrobe, Benjamin (architect)  Search this
Mills, Robert, 1781-1855  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Pierce, Franklin  Search this
Renwick, James, Sr.  Search this
Scott, Pamela  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
Extent:
23.3 Cubic feet (50 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Construction records
Plans (drawings)
Date:
circa 1800-1860s, 1984-1989
Scope and Contents:
This collection is composed entirely of xerographic and photographic reproductions made for the Robert Mills Papers Project. The copies include correspondence, plans, federal legislation regarding proposed government construction projects, construction records, and material regarding people with a relation to Mills or one of his projects.

The material is organized into three series. The first is information relating to Mills' various projects, such as payroll lists; it is organized by state. The second consists of subject files on 163 individuals, all of whom have some relation to Mills. The last series is composed of reference and research materials from the project, including correspondence with various libraries and archives seeking material on Mills, ten reels of microfilm, and 46 diskettes containing typed transcriptions of the illegible documents included in the microfilm publication.

The documents included in this collection relate to the construction of Mills's buildings, but do not mention him specifically. Of all the papers collected for this project, this collection consists of copies of those documents that were not selected for microfilming. They are, therefore, not included in the microfilm publication.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into four series.

Series 1: Projects by state

Series 2: Individuals

Series 3: Reference Materials

Series 4: Camera Ready Copy
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Mills (1781 1855) was born in August, 1781, in Charleston, South Carolina. After completing grammar school he took classes under architect James Hoban.

Hoban left in 1792 to supervise construction of the President's House in Washington (which he designed). About 1799 Mills moved to Washington and began work as a draftsman of plans for the Capitol under Hoban. For about a year, Mills presumably lived with Thomas Jefferson, studying architecture from his library.

In 1802 Mills entered his first professional design competition for the design of South Carolina College, but did not win. From 1802 1809, Mills worked (with sporadic interuptions from assorted commissions) with Benjamin Latrobe, who was at the time the acting federal engineer of the Chesapeake and Delaware region. Under Latrobe he worked as a draftsman on the design of the U.S. Capitol and the Baltimore Cathedral.

In 1814 Mills received national recognition when he won the competition for the design of Baltimore's Washington Monument. He supervised its construction until 1820, when he moved back to South Carolina to become the civil architect for the state, designing several courthouses and jails throughout the area.

Mills moved back to Washington in 1829. In 1836 he won the competition for the design of the Treasury and began a long career as an architect for the Federal Government. It was during this time that Mills designed the buildings he is most widely known for: the Post Office and the Washington National Monument. He also supervised construction of the Patent Office and submitted preliminary designs for the Capitol extension and the Smithsonian Institution. He served under seven Presidents, retiring in 1851.
Provenance:
The colletion was donated by Douglas Evelyn.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Architects -- 19th century  Search this
Architecture -- United States  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- Copies -- 19th century
Construction Records
Plans (drawings)
Citation:
Records of the Robert Mills Papers Project, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0344
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep871ec2b20-9058-47dd-b366-87e7699af2f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0344

Minutes

Extent:
8.70 cu. ft. (9 document boxes) (7 12x17 boxes) (1 16x20 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1846-1995
Descriptive Entry:
These records are the official minutes of the Board. They are compiled at the direction of the Secretary of the Smithsonian, who is also secretary to the Board, after approval by the Regents' Executive Committee and by the Regents themselves. The minutes are edited, not a verbatim account of proceedings. For reasons unknown, there are no manuscript minutes for the period from 1857 through 1890; and researchers must rely on printed minutes published in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution instead. Minutes are transferred regularly from the Secretary's Office to the Archives. Minutes less than 15 years old are closed to researchers. Indexes exist for the period from 1907 to 1946 and can be useful.
Historical Note:
The Smithsonian Institution was created by authority of an Act of Congress approved August 10, 1846. The Act entrusted direction of the Smithsonian to a body called the Establishment, composed of the President; the Vice President; the Chief Justice of the United States; the secretaries of State, War, Navy, Interior, and Agriculture; the Attorney General; and the Postmaster General. In fact, however, the Establishment last met in 1877, and control of the Smithsonian has always been exercised by its Board of Regents. The membership of the Regents consists of the Vice President and the Chief Justice of the United States; three members each of the Senate and House of Representatives; two citizens of the District of Columbia; and seven citizens of the several states, no two from the same state. (Prior to 1970 the category of Citizen Regents not residents of Washington consisted of four members). By custom the Chief Justice is Chancellor. The office was at first held by the Vice President. However, when Millard Fillmore succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor in 1851, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney was chosen in his stead. The office has always been filled by the Chief Justice since that time.

The Regents of the Smithsonian have included distinguished Americans from many walks of life. Ex officio members (Vice President) have been: Spiro T. Agnew, Chester A. Arthur, Allen W. Barkley, John C. Breckenridge, George Bush, Schuyler Colfax, Calvin Coolidge, Charles Curtis, George M. Dallas, Charles G. Dawes, Charles W. Fairbanks, Millard Fillmore, Gerald R. Ford, John N. Garner, Hannibal Hamlin, Thomas A. Hendricks, Garret A. Hobart, Hubert H. Humphrey, Andrew Johnson, Lyndon B. Johnson, William R. King, Thomas R. Marshall, Walter F. Mondale, Levi P. Morton, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Theodore Roosevelt, James S. Sherman, Adlai E. Stevenson, Harry S. Truman, Henry A. Wallace, William A. Wheeler, Henry Wilson.

Ex officio members (Chief Justice) have been: Roger B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Nathan Clifford, Morrison R. Waite, Samuel F. Miller, Melville W. Fuller, Edward D. White, William Howard Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan F. Stone, Fred M. Vinson, Earl Warren, Warren E. Burger.

Regents on the part of the Senate have been: Clinton P. Anderson, Newton Booth, Sidney Breese, Lewis Cass, Robert Milledge Charlton, Bennet Champ Clark, Francis M. Cockrell, Shelby Moore Cullom, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, George Franklin Edmunds, George Evans, Edwin J. Garn, Walter F. George, Barry Goldwater, George Gray, Hannibal Hamlin, Nathaniel Peter Hill, George Frisbie Hoar, Henry French Hollis, Henry M. Jackson, William Lindsay, Henry Cabot Lodge, Medill McCormick, James Murray Mason, Samuel Bell Maxey, Robert B. Morgan, Frank E. Moss, Claiborne Pell, George Wharton Pepper, David A. Reed, Leverett Saltonstall, Hugh Scott, Alexander H. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Lyman Trumbull, Wallace H. White, Jr., Robert Enoch Withers.

Regents on the part of the House of Representatives have included: Edward P. Boland, Frank T. Bow, William Campbell Breckenridge, Overton Brooks, Benjamin Butterworth, Clarence Cannon, Lucius Cartrell, Hiester Clymer, William Colcock, William P. Cole, Jr., Maurice Connolly, Silvio O. Conte, Edward E. Cox, Edward H. Crump, John Dalzell, Nathaniel Deering, Hugh A. Dinsmore, William English, John Farnsworth, Scott Ferris, Graham Fitch, James Garfield, Charles L. Gifford, T. Alan Goldsborough, Frank L. Greene, Gerry Hazleton, Benjamin Hill, Henry Hilliard, Ebenezer Hoar, William Hough, William M. Howard, Albert Johnson, Leroy Johnson, Joseph Johnston, Michael Kirwan, James T. Lloyd, Robert Luce, Robert McClelland, Samuel K. McConnell, Jr., George H. Mahon, George McCrary, Edward McPherson, James R. Mann, George Perkins Marsh, Norman Y. Mineta, A. J. Monteague, R. Walton Moore, Walter H. Newton, Robert Dale Owen, James Patterson, William Phelps, Luke Poland, John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn, B. Carroll Reece, Ernest W. Roberts, Otho Robards Singleton, Frank Thompson, Jr., John M. Vorys, Hiram Warner, Joseph Wheeler.

Citizen Regents have been: David C. Acheson, Louis Agassiz, James B. Angell, Anne L. Armstrong, William Backhouse Astor, J. Paul Austin, Alexander Dallas Bache, George Edmund Badger, George Bancroft, Alexander Graham Bell, James Gabriel Berrett, John McPherson Berrien, Robert W. Bingham, Sayles Jenks Bowen, William G. Bowen, Robert S. Brookings, John Nicholas Brown, William A. M. Burden, Vannevar Bush, Charles F. Choate, Jr., Rufus Choate, Arthur H. Compton, Henry David Cooke, Henry Coppee, Samuel Sullivan Cox, Edward H. Crump, James Dwight Dana, Harvey N. Davis, William Lewis Dayton, Everette Lee Degolyer, Richard Delafield, Frederic A. Delano, Charles Devens, Matthew Gault Emery, Cornelius Conway Felton, Robert V. Fleming, Murray Gell-Mann, Robert F. Goheen, Asa Gray, George Gray, Crawford Hallock Greenwalt, Nancy Hanks, Caryl Parker Haskins, Gideon Hawley, John B. Henderson, John B. Henderson, Jr., A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., Gardner Greene Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, Carlisle H. Humelsine, Jerome C. Hunsaker, William Preston Johnston, Irwin B. Laughlin, Walter Lenox, Augustus P. Loring, John Maclean, William Beans Magruder, John Walker Maury, Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, John C. Merriam, R. Walton Moore, Roland S. Morris, Dwight W. Morrow, Richard Olney, Peter Parker, Noah Porter, William Campbell Preston, Owen Josephus Roberts, Richard Rush, William Winston Seaton, Alexander Roby Shepherd, William Tecumseh Sherman, Otho Robards Singleton, Joseph Gilbert Totten, John Thomas Towers, Frederic C. Walcott, Richard Wallach, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., James E. Webb, James Clarke Welling, Andrew Dickson White, Henry White, Theodore Dwight Woolsey.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum trustees  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 1, Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents, Minutes
Identifier:
Record Unit 1
See more items in:
Minutes
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0001
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Minutes digital asset number 1

Copy of a John Quincy Adams poem to Hiram Powers

Creator:
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
1837 March 25
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8492
See more items in:
Hiram Powers papers, 1819-1953, bulk 1835-1883
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8492

House of Representatives Proceedings 01/09/1839

Author:
25th Congress, Sess. 3, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 1; Page Numbers: 104
Type:
Congressional Record
Date:
01/09/1839
Topic:
SI, Early History  Search this
Smithson Bequest  Search this
Committees  Search this
Letters  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_4652

John Quincy Adams Portrait

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
United States Congress House  Search this
United States President  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8x10; Type of Image: Portrait; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Date:
c. 1840s
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Smithson Bequest  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Standard number:
2002-32265
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9581

House of Representatives Proceedings, 04/22/1846

Author:
29th Congress, Sess. 1, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Owen, Robert Dale 1801-1877  Search this
Ingersoll, Charles Jared 1782-1862  Search this
Jones, George W  Search this
Davis, Jefferson 1808-1889  Search this
Sawyer, William  Search this
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
Smithson, James 1765-1829  Search this
Rush, Richard 1780-1859  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 7; Page Numbers: 710-716
Type:
Congressional Report
Date:
1846
04/22/1846
Topic:
SI, Early History  Search this
Smithson Bequest  Search this
Congressional Debates  Search this
Debates and Debating  Search this
Libraries  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
College teachers  Search this
Schools  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Stocks  Search this
Trusts and trustees  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_5131

House of Representatives Proceedings, 04/28/1846

Author:
29th Congress, Sess. 1, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
Sims, Leonard H  Search this
Johnson, Andrew 1808-1875  Search this
Owen, Robert Dale 1801-1877  Search this
Ficklin, Orlando B  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 5; Page Numbers: 737-741
Type:
Congressional Record
Date:
1846
04/28/1846
Topic:
Smithson Bequest  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Debates and Debating  Search this
Trusts and trustees  Search this
Federal funds  Search this
Loans  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_4677

John Quincy Adams's Speech in 24th Congress, Sess 1, House of Representatives

Author:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
Subject:
Smithson, James 1765-1829  Search this
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 3; Page Numbers: 78-80
Type:
Congressional Record
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1836
01/14/1836
Topic:
Smithson Bequest  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Trusts and trustees  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Gales and Seaton
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_4641

Engraving of John Quincy Adams

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
United States Congress House  Search this
United States President  Search this
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Early History  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 3.5 x 5.5 (3.5 X 4.25 without caption); Type of Image: Portrait; Medium: Engraving
Type:
Engraving
Topic:
Congressional Debates  Search this
Smithson Bequest  Search this
Engraving  Search this
Portraits  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Standard number:
2002-32207
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9922

Joseph Henry's Letter to Harriet Henry (December 28, 1836)

Author:
Henry, Joseph 1797-1878  Search this
Henry, Mary Anna 1834-1903  Search this
Joseph Henry Papers Project  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
Henry, Harriet A. 1808-1882  Search this
Calhoun, John C (John Caldwell) 1782-1850  Search this
Van Buren, Martin 1782-1862  Search this
White House (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
United States. Office of the Vice President  Search this
Baltimore Museum of Art  Search this
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States President  Search this
Joseph Henry Papers Project  Search this
Physical description:
Number of Images: 4; Color: Color; Size: 7 3/4w x 11 1/4h; Type of Image: Document; Medium: Paper
Type:
Document
Paper
Place:
United States
South Carolina
Washington (D.C.)
Massachusetts
New York (N.Y.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Baltimore (Md.)
Date:
December 28, 1836
Topic:
Letters  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Legislators  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Debates  Search this
Standard number:
SIA2012-3542 and SIA2012-3543 and SIA2012-3544 and SIA2012-3545
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_13380
Online Media:

House of Representatives Proceedings, 03/03/1845

Author:
28th Congress, Sess. 2, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Owen, Robert Dale 1801-1877  Search this
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 1; Page Numbers: 395
Type:
Congressional Record
Date:
1845
03/03/1845
Topic:
SI, Early History  Search this
Debates and Debating  Search this
Congressional Debates  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_5117

House of Representatives Proceedings, 04/23/1846

Author:
29th Congress, Sess. 1, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Smithson, James 1765-1829  Search this
Owen, Robert Dale 1801-1877  Search this
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
Morse, Isaac E  Search this
Marsh, George Perkins 1801-1882  Search this
Chipman, John S  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
United States Dept. of the Treasury  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 3; Page Numbers: 718-720
Type:
Congressional Report
Date:
1846
04/23/1846
Topic:
Smithson Bequest  Search this
Libraries  Search this
Schools  Search this
College teachers  Search this
Trusts and trustees  Search this
Corporations  Search this
Printing  Search this
Essays  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_5133

House of Representatives Proceedings, 04/29/1846

Author:
29th Congress, Sess. 1, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Owen, Robert Dale 1801-1877  Search this
Johnson, Andrew 1808-1875  Search this
Hough, William Jervis 1795-1869  Search this
Giles, William F  Search this
Sims, Leonard H  Search this
Hamlin, Hannibal 1809-1891  Search this
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
Jones, George W  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
National Institute for the Promotion of Science  Search this
Board of Regents  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 4; Page Numbers: 747-750
Type:
Congressional Record
Date:
1846
04/29/1846
Topic:
Smithson Bequest  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Trusts and trustees  Search this
Federal funds  Search this
Debates and Debating  Search this
Congressional Debates  Search this
Libraries  Search this
College teachers  Search this
Lectures and lecturing  Search this
Schools  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Observatories  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Printing  Search this
National Collections  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Board of Managers  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_5135

House of Representatives Proceedings, 01/03/1844

Author:
28th Congress, Sess. 1, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
United States Dept. of the Treasury  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 1; Page Numbers: 97
Type:
Congressional Record
Date:
1844
01/03/1844
Topic:
Smithson Bequest  Search this
Trusts and trustees  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_5109

House of Representatives Proceedings, 02/27/1840

Author:
26th Congress, Sess 1, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
Jones, John W  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Select Committee on the Smithsonian Bequest  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 2; Page Numbers: 225-226
Type:
Congressional Record
Date:
1840
02/27/1840
Topic:
Smithson Bequest  Search this
Congressional Debates  Search this
Debates and Debating  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_4659

Opening of Adams-Clement Collection

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Wetmore, Alexander 1886-  Search this
Kellogg, Remington 1893-1969  Search this
Beggs, Thomas M  Search this
Clement, Mary Louisa Adams  Search this
Adams, John 1735-1826  Search this
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Arts and Industries Building  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)  Search this
United States President  Search this
National Collections  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Event; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Date:
1951
Topic:
Art objects  Search this
Openings  Search this
Gifts  Search this
Arts and Industries Building--West Hall  Search this
Art--Exhibitions  Search this
Event  Search this
Standard number:
94-6805
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9119

House of Representatives Proceedings, 01/26/1839

Author:
25th Congress, Sess 3, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 1; Page Numbers: 139
Type:
Congressional Record
Date:
1839
01/26/1839
Topic:
Smithson Bequest  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Committees  Search this
Printing  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_4655

House of Representatives Proceedings, 03/05/1840

Author:
26th Congress, Sess. 1, House of Representatives  Search this
Subject:
Adams, John Quincy 1767-1848  Search this
United States Congress  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages: 1; Page Numbers: 240
Type:
Congressional Record
Date:
1840
03/05/1840
Topic:
Smithson Bequest  Search this
SI, Early History  Search this
Trusts and trustees  Search this
Management  Search this
Act to establish the "Smithsonian Institution," for the Increase and Diffusion of Knowledge Among Men  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_4660

Benjamin West collection

Creator:
West, Benjamin, 1738-1820  Search this
Names:
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Boydell, John, 1719-1804  Search this
Livingston, Robert R., 1746-1813  Search this
Spilsbury, Jonathan, fl. 1766-1823  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1771-circa 1879
Summary:
This collection measures 0.3 linear feet and consists of 19 items dated 1771-circa 1879, relating to expatriate painter Benjamin West. West, who settled in London and was renowned for his portraits and his paintings of historical events, was the first internationally known American painter. The collection provides scattered documentation of West's activities including during the time of his appointment as historical painter to King George III, and contains letters from West, artwork including 2 engravings of the artist, 2 pages of West's accounts, and a ticket to a lecture at the Royal Academy of Art.
Scope and Content Note:
This collection measures 0.3 linear feet and consists of 19 items dated 1771-circa 1879, relating to expatriate painter Benjamin West. West, who settled in London and was renowned for his portraits and his paintings of historical events, was the first internationally known American painter. The collection provides scattered documentation of West's activities including during the time of his appointment as historical painter to King George III, and contains scattered letters from West, two engravings of the artist, prints, and ephemera.

Twelve letters are written to prominent politicians such as John Adams and Robert R. Livingston, Jr., the U.S. Minsister in Paris, close friend and portraitist John Green, and others. There are two pages of accounts documenting West's association with John Boydell. In 1786, Boydell, an alderman for the City of London and a publisher of books, illustrations and engravings, launched an ambitious project to commission the best artists in England, including West, to provide illustrations for an edition of Shakespeare's plays. Also found is a ticket to a lecture at the Royal Academy of Art.

Artwork includes two engravings of West, a print of his birthplace, a print of a late 18th century portrait of West by Jonathan Spilsbury, and an ink drawing after Benjamin West of John Singleton Copley's son and daughter, circa 1879.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as one series.
Biographical Note:
Expatriate painter Benjamin West (1738-1829) was born in Springfield, Pennsylvania and worked in Pennsylvania and New York before settling in London as a portrait painter and historical painter to King George III. West initially studied with local artist William Williams in Pennsylvania and began painting portraits in Pennsylvania and New York in the 1750s. Around 1760 he traveled to Italy to study art and then settled in London as a portrait painter and remained in Europe for the rest of his life. He received many commissions under the patronage of George III and in 1772 was appointed historical painter to the King.

A leader in neoclassicism and a mentor to many young English and American artists including John Constable, Charles Willson Peale, Gilbert Stuart, and John Singleton Copley, West became the first American artist to receive international recognition. Among his best-known works are Death of General Wolfe (1770) and Penn's Treaty with the Indians (1772). In these, and other historical paintings, he maintained the compositional elements of neoclassicism but departed from tradition by painting historical figures in the clothing of their period, rather than in classical attire.

West was a co-founder of the Royal Academy of Arts with Sir Joshua Reynolds, and served as the Academy's president from 1792-1815.

Benjamin West died in London in 1820.
Provenance:
The Benjamin West collection was acquired through gifts and purchases from various sources between 1955 and 1981. Nine letters and 2 engravings were donated by Charles Feinberg, 1955-1958; 2 additional letters were lent by Feinberg for microfilming in 1967 and subsequently purchased by AAA in 1968. Account book pages were purchased from Walter R. Benjamin Autographs, circa 1960, and one letter was purchased from Charles Hamilton Autographs, Inc., in 1963. A wood engraving was transferred from the National Portrait Gallery Library in 1981; the sources of an ink drawing and a print are unknown.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Expatriate artists -- England -- London  Search this
Citation:
Benjamin West collection, 1771-circa 1879. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.westbenj
See more items in:
Benjamin West collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw982d2967e-fa4c-4780-b418-5c975ba51f9c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-westbenj
Online Media:

American Philosophical Society selected records

Creator:
American Philosophical Society  Search this
Names:
Artists' Fund Society  Search this
Artists' and Amateurs' Association (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Columbian Society of Artists  Search this
Society of Artists of the United States  Search this
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848  Search this
Audubon, Victor Gifford, 1809-1860  Search this
Delaplaine, Joseph, 1777-1824  Search this
Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844  Search this
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790  Search this
Fulton, Robert, 1765-1815  Search this
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826  Search this
Kane, John K. (John Kintzing), 1795-1858  Search this
Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903  Search this
Ord, George, 1781-1866  Search this
Patterson, Robert M. (Robert Maskell), 1787-1854  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827  Search this
Peale, Franklin, 1795-1870  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860  Search this
Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885  Search this
Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851  Search this
Rosenthal, Albert, 1863-1939  Search this
Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872  Search this
Vaughan, John, 1756-1841  Search this
West, Benjamin, 1738-1820  Search this
Extent:
3 Microfilm reels (3 partial microfilm reels)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1784-1954
Scope and Contents:
The microfilmed American Philosophical Society selected records contain art related letters; committee reports; registrar's and curators' records; pamphlets; and exhibition catalogs from the archives of the American Philosophical Society. Many of the letters are to the Society's secretary and librarian John Vaughan; a few are to the Society's presidents Thomas Jefferson and Peter S. Du Ponceau, and officials John K. Kane and J. Peter Lesley. Among the correspondents are Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin West, Charles Willson Peale, Jacob Perkins, Philip Tidyman, Charles B. Lawrence, John Trumbull, Thomas Sully, Joseph Delaplaine, Robert Patterson, John Quincy Adams, Titian Ramsay Peale, Rembrandt Peale, Joel Roberts Poinsett, Victor G. Audubon, and Robert Fulton.

Also included are copies of the registrar's cards for portraits and busts owned by the Society, arranged alphabetically by sitter; "Preliminary Notes, Biographical Sketches, and Memoranda chronologically arranged, for insertion in the Curator's Catalog of Portraits, Busts, and Bas-Reliefs in the Collection of the American Philosophical Society. Illustrated by photographs taken from the originals by Mrs. Julius A. Sachese, member APS"; circa 25 exhibition catalogs and pamphlets (1811-1840) for exhibitions of the Society of Artists of the United States, Columbian Society of Artists, Artists' Fund Society, Artists' and Amateurs' Association, and for works by Thomas Sully, Gilbert Stuart, Benjamin Robert Haydon, Joseph Delaplaine, and others; and newspaper clippings (1917) about the controversy surrounding portraits by Albert Rosenthal hung in Independence Hall (reel P36, frames 372-401).
Biographical / Historical:
The American Philosophical Society (founded 1743) is a scholarly organization in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Founded by Benjamin Franklin, the American Philosophical Society "promotes useful knowledge" through research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
Related Materials:
The American Philosophical Society holds the American Philosophical Society archives, 1743-1984.
Provenance:
Microfilmed for the Archives of American Art, 1955. The letters are mainly American Philosophical Society records, but many were pulled from ASP's Misc. Mss. and various other collections, and microfilmed in no apparent order. Descriptive cards microfilmed with each letter indicate location of originals.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Portraits -- Private collections -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Function:
Arts organizations -- Pennsylvania
Learned institutions and societies
Identifier:
AAA.amerphil
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c176adef-5e2c-4a3e-b4b9-b86acb745b22
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-amerphil

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