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Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1428 Negatives (photographic)
40 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Lorette Huron  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Iroquois [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Nauset  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Pequot  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Rappahannock  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Mattaponi  Search this
Nansemond  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Machapunga (Pungo River)  Search this
Innu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
Massachusetts
Maine
Maryland
Virginia
Canada
Delaware
North Carolina
Date:
1909-1937
Summary:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes portraits of individuals and families, as well as scenic shots and landscape views made between 1909 and 1937. Speck was an anthropologist and ethnographer, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and worked on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collecting ethnographic materials across the Eastern United States and Canada. His collection of photographs includes materials from native communities ranging from Newfoundland to Ontario in Canada and from Maine to South Carolina in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes negatives and a small amount of prints made by Speck throughout the course of his career as an anthropologist and ethnographer. The majority of the photographs in this collection were made while Speck conducted field trips on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1924 and 1932, though there are photographs from before and after this time. This collection has been arranged into Series by geographical location and then into subseries by culture group or community. Series 1: Newfoundland and Labrador: Innu, Mushuaunnuat, 1916-1935; Series 2: Quebec: Innu, Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, 1910-1937; Series 3: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, 1909-1917; Series 4: Ontario: Six Nations/Grand River (Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican, Tutelo), Oneida Nation, 1914-1937; Series 5: Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, 1910-1924; Series 6: Massachussets and Rhode Island: Wampanoag, Nauset, 1914-1931; Series 7: Connecticut: Mohegan, Niantic, Schaghticoke, Pequot, 1912-1931; Series 8: Delaware: Nanticoke and Rappahanock, 1911-1925; Series 9: Virginia and Maryland: Rappahanock, Chickahominy, Pamunkey, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Potomac, Accomac, Powhatan, 1915-1924; Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1915-1930.

Many of Frank Speck's photographs are individual and family portraits of community members, many identified, posed outdoors in front of homes and community buildings. There are also landscape views as well as photographs taken during community events. There are a small amount of photographs that have now been restricted due to cultural sensitivity though for the most part Speck did not photograph culturally sensitive activities.
Arrangement:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 10 Series by geographic region and within each series by culture group. The negatives are physically arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck was born on November 8, 1881 in Brooklyn, New York. He studied under the prominent linguist John Dyneley Prince and anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, receiving his BA in 1904 and MA in 1905. He received his Ph.D. in 1908 from the University of Pennsylvania. His doctoral dissertation on the ethnography of the Yuchi became a basis for an article which later appeared in the Handbook of American Indians. That same year Speck became an assistant in the University of Pennsylvania Museum and an instructor in anthropology at the University. He was made assistant professor in 1911, and professor and chairperson of the department in 1925, a position which he held until his death in 1950. Speck was the founder of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, and was vice-president of the American Anthropological Association from 1945-46. Speck's research concentration was on the Algonkian speaking peoples. Speck studied every aspect of a culture: language, ethnobiology, technology, decorative art, myths, religion, ceremonialism, social organization, and music. Collecting material culture was also an integral part of Speck's fieldwork. His collections can be found in museums around the world, one of which is the National Museum of the American Indian. He is the author of numerous books and articles. Frank G. Speck died February 6, 1950. (A. Irving Hallowell, American Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1951)
Related Materials:
The Frank G. Speck Papers can be found at the American Philosophical Society (Mss.Ms.Coll.126) along with additional photographic materials by Speck.
Frank Speck published extensively in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation publications; "Indian Notes" and "Indian Notes and Monographs." These publications are avialable through the Smithsonian Institution Libraries or online on the Internet Archive.
Separated Materials:
A small amount of notes from Speck's field work can be found in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 273, Folder 18 through Box 274 Folder 2.

Close to 4000 ethnographic and archeological items were collected by Speck for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and are now in the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) collection. For more information about these objects contact the NMAI Collections Department.
Provenance:
The majority of the negatives were gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) by Frank Speck in 1927. The group of Nanticoke photographs were purchased by the MAI in 1915 and smaller amounts of photographs were gifted and purchased by the MAI between 1923 and 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Maine  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Maryland  Search this
Indians of North America -- Massachusetts  Search this
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Delaware  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Carolina  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-032
Online Media:

Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
137 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1910-1924
Scope and Contents:
This series includes negatives that Frank Speck made in Maine in New Hampshire among the Penobscot, Passamaquoddy and Abenaki communities between 1910 and 1924. The majority of the photographs were shot in Old Town, Penobscot County, Maine and feature portraits of Penobscot community members as well as images of canoes, wigwams and hunting trips.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Series 5
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref514

MS 1580 Comments on the etymology of "Altamaha" River of Georgia; Canadian River, Tugaloo; Pishtaka Lake; Gatineau River; Gila River

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Pishtaka Lake -- etymology  Search this
Gatineau River  Search this
Gila River -- etymology  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Tanana  Search this
Atimuca  Search this
Kalapuya Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also place and river names derived from Ati-muca language. 27 cards.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1580
Local Note:
Of these 27 cards, only 1st 2 are Tim; others are miscellaneous, including Atfalati (= Kalapuya), Creek, miscellaneous North West Coast, 1 Abnaki reference, etc.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Tugalo  Search this
Altamaha River (Georgia) -- etymology  Search this
Canadian River -- etymology  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1580, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1580
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1580

MS 3928 English-Algonquian vocabulary on cards, compiled from information in reply to letters of inquiry

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Culture:
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Penobscot Indians  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Cree  Search this
Powhatan  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Miami  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Montauk  Search this
Narragansett  Search this
Naskapi Innu  Search this
Munsee Delaware  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Natick  Search this
Nipissing Algonquin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
The information is secondary and lacks documentation. The cards are interfiled, but terms of the following languages are thought to be included: Abnaki, Algonkin, Arapaho, Atsina (Gros Ventres), Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Cree, Delaware, Malecite, Massachusetts Algonkin, Miami, Micmac, Mohegan, Montagnais, Montauk, Munsee, Narragansett, Nascapi, Natick, New England and New Jersey Algonkin, Nipissing, Ottawa, Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, Potawatomi, Powhatan, Shawnee, Virginia Algonquian.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3928
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Delaware (Lenape)  Search this
Gros Ventre  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Algonqian  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Massachusett  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3928, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3928
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3928

MS 2806 Edward Sapir notes on vocabularies of Algonquian languages

Creator:
Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939  Search this
Collector:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Extent:
28 Pages
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Vocabulary
Date:
circa 1911
Scope and Contents:
Edward Sapir's typed notes on the vocabularies of various Algonquian languages that he collected in 1911. List of languages covered: Delaware, pages 1-6; Abnaki (Pierreville), page 7-12; Malecite (Riviere du Loup, Thomas Paul), pages 13-17; Micmac, pages 18-23, Cree (Rupert's House), pages 24-25; Montagnais (Louis Clairie, Pointe Bleue), pages 26-28. There are annotations and corrections in ink in Sapir's handwriting (identified by Mary Haas, 4/58). There are also pencil additions signed by Michelson; perhaps all of the pencil additions are his.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2806
Local Note:
Title changed from "Vocabularies" 5/1/2014.
Topic:
Algonquian languages  Search this
Munsee language  Search this
Abenaki language  Search this
Passamaquoddy language  Search this
Micmac language  Search this
Cree language  Search this
Montagnais language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Mi'kmaq  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abnaki  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2806, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2806
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2806
Online Media:

MS 2703 Notes on Algonquian languages collected by Truman Michelson at Carlisle Indian Industrial School

Creator:
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Belgarde, Mary  Search this
Groesbeck, Bruce  Search this
Allen, Grover  Search this
Kachicum, Louise  Search this
Azure, Patrick  Search this
Masta, Flora  Search this
Morse, Dorothy  Search this
Names:
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Extent:
43 Pages
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Cree  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Field notes
Vocabulary
Date:
1911-1912
Scope and Contents:
Truman Michelson's handwritten linguistic notes on various Algonquian languages from his work with students at Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania during the winter of 1911-1912. The notes include information about the students he worked with, vocabulary, grammar, and an Arapaho text. Mary Belgarde and Patrick Azure provided information on Turtle Mountain Chippewa (which Michelson determined is Cree); Dorothy Morse on Northern Chippewa (near Duluth); Flora Masta on Abenaki; Grover Allen (a Kickapoo) on Potawatomi; Louise Kitchikum (likely Kachicum) on Menominee; and Bruce Groesbeck on Northern Arapaho.
Arrangement:
Notes are organized by language.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2703
Local Note:
Title changed from "Materials relating to various Algonquian languages" 4/15/2014.
Topic:
Cree language  Search this
Ojibwa language  Search this
Abenaki language  Search this
Potawatomi language  Search this
Menominee language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Vocabulary
Citation:
Manuscript 2703, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2703
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2703
Online Media:

MS 2592 Abnaki dictionary

Collector:
Vetromile, Eugene, 1819-1881  Search this
Extent:
1,962 Pages
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1855-1875
Scope and Contents:
Volumes I-II: English-Abnaki; Volume III: Abnaki-English and Latin. See detailed description, Pilling, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 13, 1891, page 511.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2592
Local Note:
The following description is from Pilling, (Bibliography of the Algonquian Languages, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 13, page 511.) "Compiled by Father Vetromile during the years 1855-1875 while missinary among the Abnakis. Vol. 1, pages 1-573 contains prefatory remarks, descriptiom of the alphabet used, synopsis of the Abnaki language including brief grammatic remarks, a table of abbreviations, and the English-Abnaki Dictionary from A to H inclusive. Vol. 2, pages 3-595, contains further remarks on the grammar, and a continuation of the English-Abnaki Dictionary, I to Z inclusive. The dictionary in each of these volumes is divided into four columns; the first containing words from the Abnaki dictionary of the Re. Father Rasles; the second, words in the Penobscot; the third, Mareschit (Malecite); and the fourth, Micmac. Vol. 3, pages 1-791, contains the Abnaki-English dictionary, A to Z, and includes words in the Penobscot, Etchimin, Mareschit (Malecite), Micmac, Montagnie, and Passamaquoddy dialects. In this volume the definitions are also in Latin in order to fix the meaning of the Indian words against alterations, which the English language might undergo in course of time." "The manuscript is clearly written and well preserved, being bound in heavy leather."
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2592, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2592
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2592

MS 1687 Christian hymns translated into the language of the St. Francis Abnaki

Extent:
1 Volume
36 Pages
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Pages
Date:
ca. 1878
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1687
Provenance:
Obtained by the Heye Foundation, Museum of the American Indian, from John Tahamont, at Pierreville, Quebec in 1913, and donated to BAE in 1916
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1687, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1687
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1687

MS 1167 Abenaki (Algonquian) vocabulary

Creator:
Paine, George W.  Search this
Source:
Vetromile, Eugene, 1819-1881  Search this
Former owner:
Vetromile, Eugene, 1819-1881  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Pennacook  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1902
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1167
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Abenaki language  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1167, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1167
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1167

MS 4349 Stanley C. Fisher Papers

Creator:
Fisher, Stanley C.  Search this
Correspondent:
Nudahbeh Penobscot  Search this
Names:
Red Eagle, Henry Malecite  Search this
Culture:
Red Paint People  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
American Indian -- Northeast -- Headdress -- Costume  Search this
Penobscot Indians  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Wawenock  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Red Paint culture  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters
Clippings
Notes
Sketches
Date:
1940
Scope and Contents:
Remarks: 10/18/40- Letter to National Geographic Society, referred to Dr. Stirling for reply. Inquiry re. Penobscot villages, and native dress of the pre-colonial period. 1/9/46 - Letter re. migrations of the Algonquians. 1/21/46 - Letter re. migrations of the Seminoles. Enclosed sketch of Indian figure wearing tunic. 2/18/46 - Letter re. Algonquian tribal divisions; dugout canoes, etc. 5/6/46 - Letter dated April 21, 1946, forwarded to Dr. F.G. Speck for reply.
3/26/50 - Sketch of native dress (from "Penobscot Man") and moccasin; notes; letter. 3/31/50 - North Eastern Indian costumes, Wawenock tribe (Abnaki?) in 1615 - who were they? 4/3/50 - Whitetail deer in Maine, its range, population etc. Sketch of Indian in native dress on snowshoes. 4/11/50 - Reply to above letters by Dr. Stirling in acknowledgement of information contained therein. 4/12/50 - Costumes of Maliset or Woolastook, and Passamaquoddy, including the kilt, etc., etc. enclosed sketches. 4/17/50 - Warfare between the Wabanaki and Iroquois; reference to Henry Red Eagle, A Wolastook, also known as Malacite; said to be a chief (?). 4/23/50 - Additional notes on the Malecite costume (kilt) (miscellaneous newsclippings included),
ate., etc. A typed and signed letter from F.G. Speck to Mr. Fisher was enclosed with the letter of April 17, 1950. 1950 (not itemized) 5/17/46 - Notes on "Red Paint People"; flint deposit at Mt. Kineo, Moosehead Lake; stone relics; collections of artifacts at State House, Maine, and U.S. National Museum. 9/19/49 - Data on early N.E. headdresses and costumes. Enclosed sketch of feather headdress. 2/ /50 - Notes on moccasins (sketches); notes on Saco or Sakoki tribe; linguistic notes. Enclosed letter to him written by Chief Nudahbeh (a Penobscot). 3/2/50 - Sketch of birch bark wigwam of Maine Indians, and notes in letter. 3/12/50 - Sketch of Indian moccasin; sketch (pen and ink) showing coon killing a copperhead.
Newsclipping on Cheyenne protest against mural in the Postoffice at Watonga, Oklahoma. 3/20/50 - Notes on scalping - taught to Indians by European soldiers (?). Sketch of Indian in native dress. Newsclipping of Maine bull moose. 3/22/50 - Drawings of Indians of Colonial period; birch bark wigwam; moccasins, headdress, costume decorations.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4349
Topic:
Migrations -- Algonquian  Search this
Migrations -- Seminole  Search this
Canoes  Search this
Wigwam  Search this
Scalping  Search this
Snowshoes and snowshoeing  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Algonquin  Search this
Abenaki  Search this
Eastern Abenaki  Search this
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters
Clippings
Notes
Sketches
Citation:
Manuscript 4349, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4349
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4349

Portrait of Louis Phillipe at Train Station

Collection Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1926
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of Abenaki (Abnaki) man Louis Phillipe posed in a train station in front of a sign which states "This train for Roberval" on the Mashteuiatsh Reserve (Ouiatchouan, Pointe Bleue) on Lac Saint-Jean, Québec. Roberval is just south of the Mashteuiatsh Reserve.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038, Item N14809
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Frederick Johnson photograph collection / Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities / 2.2: Innu [Mashteuiatsh (Pointe-Bleue, Quebec)] and Mistassini Cree
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-038-ref780

Dough bowl

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Collector:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Dough bowl
Media/Materials:
Birchbark
Techniques:
Folded, stitched
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Odanak Reserve (Saint Francis); Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
12/967
Barcode:
120967.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f96ed81f-65cd-4f0e-ab56-980cc53fe014
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_130249
Online Media:

Canoe paddle

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Collector:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Canoe paddle
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Watercraft and accessories
Place:
Odanak Reserve (Saint Francis); Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
12/5501
Barcode:
125501.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Watercraft and accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6773b5973-2cdd-429c-85d2-82349b87e52c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_134980
Online Media:

Burden basket/Pack basket

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
George Denis, Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Previous owner:
Edward Denis, Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Collector:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Burden basket/Pack basket
Media/Materials:
Woodsplints, wood
Techniques:
Wicker-plaited, plaited
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Odanak Reserve (Saint Francis); Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
12/5504
Barcode:
125504.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60c9734e7-8321-4535-ab2d-b869a3a6fff5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_134983
Online Media:

Bean/beans

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Collector:
Anna Panadis, Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
MAI agent:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Bean/beans
Media/Materials:
Bean/beans
Techniques:
Unmodified
Object Type:
Food and Foodstuffs
Place:
Odanak Reserve (Saint Francis); Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
12/6388
Barcode:
126388.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Food and Foodstuffs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws621d92d2e-f3bc-499e-a339-7e2b7cc6bead
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_135962
Online Media:

Miniature basket with cover

Culture/People:
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Previous owner:
Judge Nathan Bijur, Non-Indian, 1862-1930  Search this
Lilly Prochownick Bijur (Mrs. Nathan Bijur), Non-Indian, 1867-1944  Search this
Harry Bijur (Harry Ash Bijur), Non-Indian, 1887-1972  Search this
Madeline Bijur (Mrs. Harry Bijur), Non-Indian, 1901-1982  Search this
Seller:
Harry Bijur (Harry Ash Bijur), Non-Indian, 1887-1972  Search this
Madeline Bijur (Mrs. Harry Bijur), Non-Indian, 1901-1982  Search this
Object Name:
Miniature basket with cover
Media/Materials:
Sweetgrass
Techniques:
Wicker-plaited
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Maine; USA
Date created:
1900-1920
Catalog Number:
20/8431
Barcode:
208431.000
See related items:
Abenaki (Abnaki)
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6221571a3-d522-4aa2-acec-f325456c77e8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_222709
Online Media:

Basket

Culture/People:
Mississippi Choctaw  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jeffie Solomon, Mississippi Choctaw  Search this
Previous owner:
Karen Coody Cooper, Cherokee Nation  Search this
James R. Roaix (Jim Roaix), Mohawk/Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Donor:
Karen Coody Cooper, Cherokee Nation  Search this
James R. Roaix (Jim Roaix), Mohawk/Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Object Name:
Basket
Media/Materials:
Cane (Swamp cane/River cane)
Techniques:
Dyed, twill-plaited
Dimensions:
9.5 x 12 x 15 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Conehatta Community, Choctaw Reservation; Newton County; Mississippi; USA
Date created:
circa 1995
Catalog Number:
26/3818
Barcode:
263818.000
See related items:
Mississippi Choctaw
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b9c6095d-6665-4420-98a4-37ecf63e8255
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_279969
Online Media:

Hide flesher/beamer

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Previous owner:
Nicholas Panadis, Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Collector:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Hide flesher/beamer
Media/Materials:
Wood, iron blade
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hide working tools
Native Term:
lakhígan
Place:
Odanak Reserve (Saint Francis); Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
11/6973
Barcode:
116973.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Hide working tools
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60b6775ae-9950-4c88-beb4-30be76f895e0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_125610
Online Media:

Burden basket/Pack basket

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Previous owner:
Peter Emmett, Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Collector:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Burden basket/Pack basket
Media/Materials:
Woodsplints, wood
Techniques:
Wicker-plaited, painted, plaited
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Odanak Reserve (Saint Francis); Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
11/8168
Barcode:
118168.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws67dd17b3b-55ba-4951-afa2-81ed88f6f079
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_127311
Online Media:

Canoe mallet

Culture/People:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Peter Emmett, Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Previous owner:
Peter Emmett, Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]  Search this
Collector:
A. Irving Hallowell (Alfred Irving ["Pete"] Hallowell/A.I. Hallowell), Non-Indian, 1892-1974  Search this
Object Name:
Canoe mallet
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Tools and Equipment (General)
Place:
Odanak Reserve (Saint Francis); Centre du Québec Region; Québec; Canada
Catalog Number:
12/5537
Barcode:
125537.000
See related items:
Abenaki [Odanak/St Francis]
Tools and Equipment (General)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws679f634d5-f7a1-428f-bbc3-9141e5f1fcf7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_135016
Online Media:

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