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Henry Dreyfuss collection

Topic:
McCall's magazine
Creator:
Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-1972  Search this
Names:
Bell Telephone Laboratories  Search this
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive  Search this
Deere & Company  Search this
General Electric Company  Search this
Henry Dreyfuss Associates  Search this
Honeywell, Inc.  Search this
Hoover Company  Search this
Industrial Designers Society of America  Search this
Lockheed Aircraft Corporation  Search this
New York Central Railroad Company  Search this
Polaroid Corporation  Search this
Royal Typewriter Company  Search this
Singer Manufacturing Company  Search this
Westclox  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-1972  Search this
Extent:
130 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Biographies
Slides
Drawings
Photographs
Reports
Clippings
Client lists
Correspondence
Book drafts
Mechanicals
Renderings
Journal
Speeches
Date:
1927-1972
Summary:
This material does not cover all clients and projects undertaken by Dreyfuss. This collection consists of theater design materials, industrial design materials, primarily, though not exclusively, from the 1950s and 60s, draft copies of his books, including extensive research files for the "Symbol Sourcebook," texts of lectures delivered by Dreyfuss, and biographical material. Included is Dreyfuss's Brown Book which provides an outline of his achievements. Photographs and slides of many of his designs are included. Materials relating to three publications include original drafts of the books with author notes, drawings, photographs, correspondence, and research materials. Also contains materials relating to the symbols exhibition held at the Hallmark Gallery in New York City in 1972.This collection was the source of many of the objects and issues addressed in Cooper-Hewitt's 1997 exhibition, "Henry Dreyfuss: Directing Design", and companion book, "Henry Dreyfuss, Industrial Designer: The Man in the Brown Suit", both conceived by Russell Flinchum. 311 reels of microfilm documenting most of the projects undertaken by Dreyfuss Associates were created by the firm and added to the collection later.
Arrangement note:
Materials are arranged into four record groups: 1) Biographical information; 2) Theater design; 3) Industrial design; and 4) Publications.

The biographical material is arranged into four sub groups:1) Lectures and Articles by Dreyfuss; 2) Articles about Dreyfuss; 3) Dreyfuss firm promotional mailings; and 4) Other material (photos, awards, etc.).Each sub-group is filed chronologically.

The Industrial Design records are divided into two sub groups:Early Industrial Design, 1929-1935, and Industrial Design, 1936-1969, and arearranged alphabetically by client name.

The publication materials arearranged alphabetically by title of publication.
Biographical/Historical note:
Industrial and stage designer. Born New York, March 2, 1904. Attended Society for Ethical Culture High School in New York. Apprenticed to designer Norman Bel Geddes, 1922-1924. Established his own industrial design firm in 1929. His clients included Bell Telephone Laboratories, Deere & Company, Honeywell, Inc., Polaroid Corporation, General Electric, the 1939-40 and 1964-65 New York World's Fairs, New York Central Railroad, Hoover Company, Singer Sewing Machine Company, Royal Typewriter Co., Lockheed Aircraft, McCall's magazine, and others.

Dreyfuss was a founding member of the Society of Industrial Designers, and the first president of the Industrial Designers Society of America. He is best known for his designs for the Bell 500 and Trimline telephones, the Westclox Big Ben alarm clock, Deere & Company tractors, Polaroid's Automatic 100, Swinger, and SX-70 Land Cameras, and New York Central Railroad's 1938 Twentieth Century Limited. In the 1950s, Dreyfuss was one of the pioneers in the application of anthropometrics (the study of human dimensions and capabilities) in his designs. In 1969, Dreyfuss retired from his firm, but remained active as a corporate consultant. He was the author of several important books including: "Designing for People", 1955; "Measure of Man", 1959; and "Symbol Sourcebook", 1972.
Location of Other Archival Materials Note:
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Applied Arts Department. Models and realized objects including control knobs for GM and Deere vehicles, plastic plates and various ceramic pieces with international symbols, Trimline telephones, an RCA Victor radio, a Westclox "Big Ben" alarm clock, and a Presco "AirClip" hair clipper.
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Drawings and Prints Department. Hundreds of drawings of designs for tractors, train, plane, and ship interiors, television and radio cabinets, product labels, logos, packaging, office buildings, and costumes.
Other archival repositories containing Dreyfuss materials include: AT&T Archives, Warren, New Jersey; Deere & Co. Archives, Moline, Iowa; Honeywell Archives, Minneapolis, MN; Hoover Company, Canton, Ohio; Polaroid Archives, Cambridge, MA; Billy Rose Theater Collection, New York Public Library; Ethical Culture/Fieldson School Archives, New York; New York Central System Historical Society, Inc.
United Scenic Artists Local 829 Archives, New York; New York World's Fair 1939-40 Archives, Manuscript Division, New York Public Library; and San Diego Aerospace Museum Archives.
Provenance:
Henry Dreyfuss and Doris Marks donated his papers to Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, in the fall of 1972.

Additional materials were transferred to the museum in 1973 from the University of California at Los Angeles, which held a small collection of material deeded by Henry Dreyfuss in 1962.

311 reels of microfilm were donated to the museum in 1992.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use onsite by appointment. Permission of staff required to photograph material.
Occupation:
Theater designers -- United States  Search this
Industrial designers -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Measure of Man  Search this
Symbol Sourcebook  Search this
Trimline telephone  Search this
Designing for People  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Design, Industrial -- United States  Search this
Thermostats  Search this
Tractors -- United States -- History  Search this
20th Century Limited (Express train)  Search this
Human engineering  Search this
telephone  Search this
Signs ad symbols  Search this
Set design -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Biographies
Slides
Drawings
Photographs
Reports
Clippings
Client lists
Correspondence
Book drafts
Mechanicals
Renderings
Journal
Speeches
Identifier:
SIL-CH.1972-88-332-4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Libraries
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sc203430ed5-d8e7-42b8-b16b-839393b39d1d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sil-ch-1972-88-332-4

Book of the Century : flagship of New York Central's great steel fleet

Title:
New 20th Century Limited, world premiere 1948, new from diesel to lookout lounge
Author:
New York Central Railroad Company  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry 1904-1972-  Search this
Physical description:
[17] p. : ill. (some col.) ; 18 x 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1948
1948]
Topic:
20th Century Limited (Express train)  Search this
Express trains  Search this
Decoration and ornament--Art deco  Search this
Call number:
TF573 .N49 1948
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_825326

The run of the Twentieth century / by Edward Hungerford ; illustrations by Frank B. Masters and others

Author:
Hungerford, Edward 1875-1948  Search this
New York Central Lines  Search this
Physical description:
110 p., [2] folded leaves of plates : ill., maps, plans ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1930
Topic:
20th Century Limited (Express train)  Search this
Express trains  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_542516

The Twentieth Century Limited : 1938-1967 / by Richard J. Cook, Sr

Author:
Cook, Richard J  Search this
Subject:
New York Central Railroad Company History  Search this
Physical description:
v, 154 p. : ill. (some col.), map ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1993
C1993
Topic:
20th Century Limited (Express train)--History  Search this
Express trains--History  Search this
Call number:
TF573 .C771 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_471095

The new 20th Century Limited

Title:
New Twentieth Century Limited
Author:
Dreyfuss, Henry 1904-1972  Search this
New York Central Railroad Company  Search this
Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company  Search this
Printer:
Bodley Printers, Inc.  Search this
Physical description:
[16] pages : illustrations (some colored) ; 14 x 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1938
[1938]
Topic:
20th Century Limited (Express train)  Search this
Express trains  Search this
Decoration and ornament--Art deco  Search this
Call number:
TF573 .N498 1938
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1025954

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